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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220680/adherence-to-physical-activity-recommendations-and-physical-and-mental-health-risk-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-uganda
#1
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, David Basangwa, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha
This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age=34.4 ± 9.7 years) with severe mental illness (depression=7, bipolar disorder=55, schizophrenia=45) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and Brief Symptoms Inventory -18...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205771/homoeologous-exchange-is-a-major-cause-of-gene-presence-absence-variation-in-the-amphidiploid-brassica-napus
#2
Bhavna Hurgobin, Agnieszka A Golicz, Philipp E Bayer, Chon-Kit Kenneth Chan, Soodeh Tirnaz, Aria Dolatabadian, Sarah V Schiessl, Birgit Samans, Juan D Montenegro, Isobel A P Parkin, J Chris Pires, Boulos Chalhoub, Graham J King, Rod Snowdon, Jacqueline Batley, David Edwards
Homoeologous exchanges (HEs) have been shown to generate novel gene combinations and phenotypes in a range of polyploid species. Gene presence/absence variation (PAV) is also a major contributor to genetic diversity. In the present study we show that there is an association between these two events, particularly in recent Brassica napus synthetic accessions, and that these represent a novel source of genetic diversity, which can be captured for the improvement of this important crop species. By assembling the pangenome of B...
December 4, 2017: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202698/safety-and-applicability-of-a-pre-stage-public-access-ventilator-for-trained-laypersons-a-proof-of-principle-study
#3
Patricia Fuchs, Juliane Obermeier, Svend Kamysek, Martin Degner, Hannes Nierath, Henning Jürß, Hartmut Ewald, Jens Schwarz, Martin Becker, Jochen K Schubert
BACKGROUND: Contemporary resuscitation guidelines for basic life support recommend an immediate onset of cardiac compressions in case of cardiac arrest followed by rescue breaths. Effective ventilation is often omitted due to fear of doing harm and fear of infectious diseases. In order to improve ventilation a pre-stage of an automatic respirator was developed for use by laypersons. METHODS: Fifty-two healthy volunteers were ventilated by means of a prototype respirator via a full-face mask in a pilot study...
December 4, 2017: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191260/physical-activity-as-a-vital-sign-a-systematic-review
#4
Yvonne M Golightly, Kelli D Allen, Kirsten R Ambrose, Jamie L Stiller, Kelly R Evenson, Christiane Voisin, Jennifer M Hootman, Leigh F Callahan
INTRODUCTION: Physical activity (PA) is strongly endorsed for managing chronic conditions, and a vital sign tool (indicator of general physical condition) could alert providers of inadequate PA to prompt counseling or referral. This systematic review examined the use, definitions, psychometric properties, and outcomes of brief PA instruments as vital sign measures, with attention primarily to studies focused on arthritis. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for English-language literature from 1985 through 2016 using the terms PA, exercise, vital sign, exercise referral scheme, and exercise counseling...
November 30, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185382/in-vitro-antileishmania-activity-of-sesquiterpene-rich-essential-oils-from-nectandra-species
#5
Lauriane Serpa Silva Bosquiroli, Ana Caroline Dos Santos Ferreira, Katyuce Souza Farias, Eduarda Carneiro da Costa, Maria de Fátima Cepa Matos, Mônica Cristina Toffoli Kadri, Yasmin Silva Rizk, Flávio Macedo Alves, Renata Trentin Perdomo, Carlos Alexandre Carollo, Carla Cardozo Pinto de Arruda
CONTEXT: New antileishmanias are needed because of toxicity, high cost and resistance problems associated with available drugs. Nectandra (Lauraceae) produces several classes of compounds but its essential oil has not previously been reported to have antileishmania activity. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the cytotoxicity and antileishmania activity of essential oils from Nectandra amazonum Nees, N. gardneri Meisn., N. hihua (Ruiz & Pav.) Rohwer and N. megapotamica (Spreng...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171602/the-benchmark-of-31-p-nmr-parameters-in-phosphate-a-case-study-on-structurally-constrained-and-flexible-phosphate
#6
Jiří Fukal, Ondřej Páv, Miloš Buděšínský, Jakub Šebera, Vladimír Sychrovský
A benchmark for structural interpretation of the (31)P NMR shift and the (2)JP,C NMR spin-spin coupling in the phosphate group was obtained by means of theoretical calculations and NMR measurements in diethylphosphate (DEP) and 5,5-dimethyl-2-hydroxy-1,3,2-dioxaphosphinane 2-oxide (cDEP). The NMR parameters were calculated employing the B3LYP, BP86, BPW91, M06-2X, PBE0, KT2, KT3, MP2, and HF methods, and the 6-31+G(d), Iglo-n (n = II, III), cc-pVnZ (n = D, T, Q, 5), aug-cc-pVnZ (n = D, T and Q), and pcS-n and pcJ-n (n = 1, 2, 3, 4) bases, including the solvent effects described with explicit water molecules and/or the implicit Polarizable Continuum Model (PCM)...
November 24, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163408/environmental-nutrient-supply-directly-alters-plant-traits-but-indirectly-determines-virus-growth-rate
#7
Christelle Lacroix, Eric W Seabloom, Elizabeth T Borer
Ecological stoichiometry and resource competition theory both predict that nutrient rates and ratios can alter infectious disease dynamics. Pathogens such as viruses hijack nutrient rich host metabolites to complete multiple steps of their epidemiological cycle. As the synthesis of these molecules requires nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), environmental supply rates, and ratios of N and P to hosts can directly limit disease dynamics. Environmental nutrient supplies also may alter virus epidemiology indirectly by changing host phenotype or the dynamics of coinfecting pathogens...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077984/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-compared-to-other-forms-of-triggered-ventilation-for-neonatal-respiratory-support
#8
REVIEW
Thomas E Rossor, Katie A Hunt, Sandeep Shetty, Anne Greenough
BACKGROUND: Effective synchronisation of infant respiratory effort with mechanical ventilation may allow adequate gas exchange to occur at lower peak airway pressures, potentially reducing barotrauma and volutrauma and development of air leaks and bronchopulmonary dysplasia. During neurally adjusted ventilatory assist ventilation (NAVA), respiratory support is initiated upon detection of an electrical signal from the diaphragm muscle, and pressure is provided in proportion to and synchronous with electrical activity of the diaphragm (EADi)...
October 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068556/a-review-of-current-literature-on-vital-sign-assessment-of-physical-activity-in-primary-care
#9
Adrienne Wald, Carol Ewing Garber
PURPOSE: To conduct an integrated review of the performance and implementation of two physical activity (PA) assessment tools, the exercise vital sign (EVS) and the physical activity vital sign (PAVS), in U.S. primary care practice. DESIGN: An integrative review following Whittemore and Knafl's methodology. METHODS: Medline and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were searched. Search terms were "exercise vital sign" OR "physical activity vital sign" AND "primary care"...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047354/using-risk-tracing-snowball-approach-to-increase-hiv-case-detection-among-high-risk-populations-in-cambodia-an-intervention-study
#10
Srean Chhim, John Macom, Chettana Pav, Nirada Nim, Phearun Yun, Sopheap Seng, Kolab Chhim, Sovannary Tuot, Siyan Yi
BACKGROUND: Early HIV diagnosis and initiation onto antiretroviral therapy may prevent ongoing spread of HIV. Risk Tracing Snowball Approach (RTSA) has been shown to be effective in detecting new HIV cases in other settings. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of RTSA in increasing the rate of newly identified HIV cases among high-risk populations. Our second objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of RTSA, as compared to the walk-in group, in increasing the number of HIV tests and early case detection...
October 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033658/a-new-species-of-saracha-solanaceae-from-the-central-andes-of-peru
#11
Robin Fernandez-Hilario, Stacey D Smith
Saracha andina Rob. Fernandez, I. Revilla & E. Pariente, sp. nov. (Solanaceae), a new species endemic to the central Andes of Peru, is described here. The new species differs from other species of Saracha Ruiz & Pav. by the combination of small and coriaceous leaves and clearly tubular flowers. A summary of the taxonomic history of the genus Saracha, an identification key for its species and a phylogenetic analysis of this genus and related genera are provided.
2017: PhytoKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994713/the-luteovirus-p4-movement-protein-is-a-suppressor-of-systemic-rna-silencing
#12
Adriana F Fusaro, Deborah A Barton, Kenlee Nakasugi, Craig Jackson, Melanie L Kalischuk, Lawrence M Kawchuk, Maite F S Vaslin, Regis L Correa, Peter M Waterhouse
The plant viral family Luteoviridae is divided into three genera: Luteovirus, Polerovirus and Enamovirus. Without assistance from another virus, members of the family are confined to the cells of the host plant's vascular system. The first open reading frame (ORF) of poleroviruses and enamoviruses encodes P0 proteins which act as silencing suppressor proteins (VSRs) against the plant's viral defense-mediating RNA silencing machinery. Luteoviruses, such as barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV (BYDV-PAV), however, have no P0 to carry out the VSR role, so we investigated whether other proteins or RNAs encoded by BYDV-PAV confer protection against the plant's silencing machinery...
October 10, 2017: Viruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990687/phrenicoabdominal-venotomy-for-tumor-thrombectomy-in-dogs-with-adrenal-neoplasia-and-suspected-vena-caval-invasion
#13
Philipp D Mayhew, William T N Culp, Ingrid M Balsa, Allison L Zwingenberger
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for tumor thrombectomy by phrenicoabdominal venotomy in dogs with adrenal neoplasia and suspected caval invasion and to report complications and outcomes associated with the procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Eight client-owned dogs with invasive adrenal tumors. METHODS: Medical records of dogs diagnosed with adrenal tumors with extension of thrombus into the phrenicoabdominal vein (PAV) and vena cava were reviewed...
October 9, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966320/association-of-dyslipidemia-and-sex-with-coronary-artery-calcium-assessed-by-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography
#14
Masahiko Asami, Kyohei Yamaji, Jiro Aoki, Shuzou Tanimoto, Mika Watanabe, Yu Horiuchi, Koichi Furui, Nahoko Kato, Kazuhiro Hara, Kengo Tanabe
Previous studies reporting that statin increases coronary artery calcium (CAC) were conducted exclusively on patients with statin as a prevention, regardless of the presence or absence of dyslipidemia. The impact of sex on CAC has not been fully evaluated. We aimed to determine the association of dyslipidemia and sex with CAC using 320-row multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT).Of the 356 consecutive patients who underwent coronary MDCT, 251 patients were enrolled, after excluding those with prior stenting and/or coronary bypass grafting or images showing motion artifacts...
October 21, 2017: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932215/identification-characterization-and-full-length-sequence-analysis-of-a-novel-polerovirus-associated-with-wheat-leaf-yellowing-disease
#15
Peipei Zhang, Yan Liu, Wenwen Liu, Mengji Cao, Sebastien Massart, Xifeng Wang
To identify the pathogens responsible for leaf yellowing symptoms on wheat samples collected from Jinan, China, we tested for the presence of three known barley/wheat yellow dwarf viruses (BYDV-GAV, -PAV, WYDV-GPV) (most likely pathogens) using RT-PCR. A sample that tested negative for the three viruses was selected for small RNA sequencing. Twenty-five million sequences were generated, among which 5% were of viral origin. A novel polerovirus was discovered and temporarily named wheat leaf yellowing-associated virus (WLYaV)...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921496/nucleoside-o-methyl-h-phosphinates-novel-monomers-for-the-synthesis-of-methylphosphonate-oligonucleotides-using-h-phosphonate-chemistry
#16
Ondřej Kostov, Ondřej Páv, Ivan Rosenberg
This unit comprises the straightforward synthesis of protected 2'-deoxyribonucleoside-O-methyl-(H)-phosphinates in both 3'- and 5'-series. These compounds represent a new class of monomers compatible with the solid-phase synthesis of oligonucleotides using H-phosphonate chemistry and are suitable for the preparation of both 3'- and 5'-O-methylphosphonate oligonucleotides. The synthesis of 4-toluenesulfonyloxymethyl-(H)-phosphinic acid as a new reagent for the preparation of O-methyl-(H)-phosphinic acid derivatives is described...
September 18, 2017: Current Protocols in Nucleic Acid Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916826/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-biocompatibility-evaluation-of-polyallylamine-and-macromolecular-heparin-conjugates-modified-alginate-microbeads
#17
Vijayaganapathy Vaithilingam, Bjørg Steinkjer, Liv Ryan, Rolf Larsson, Bernard Edward Tuch, Jose Oberholzer, Anne Mari Rokstad
Host reactivity to biocompatible immunoisolation devices is a major challenge for cellular therapies, and a human screening model would be of great value. We designed new types of surface modified barium alginate microspheres, and evaluated their inflammatory properties using human whole blood, and the intraperitoneal response after three weeks in Wistar rats. Microspheres were modified using proprietary polyallylamine (PAV) and coupled with macromolecular heparin conjugates (Corline Heparin Conjugate, CHC)...
September 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914895/experimental-generation-of-discrete-ultraviolet-wavelength-by-cascaded-intermodal-four-wave-mixing-in-a-multimode-photonic-crystal-fiber
#18
Jinhui Yuan, Zhe Kang, Feng Li, Xianting Zhang, Chao Mei, Guiyao Zhou, Xinzhu Sang, Qiang Wu, Binbin Yan, Xian Zhou, Kangping Zhong, Kuiru Wang, Chongxiu Yu, Gerald Farrell, Chao Lu, Hwa Yaw Tam, P K A Wai
In this Letter, we demonstrate experimentally for the first time, to the best of our knowledge, discrete ultraviolet (UV) wavelength generation by cascaded intermodal FWM when femtosecond pump pulses at 800 nm are launched into the deeply normal dispersion region of the fundamental guided mode of a multimode photonic crystal fiber (MPCF). For pump pulses at average input powers of Pav=450, 550, and 650 mW, the first anti-Stokes waves are generated at the visible wavelength of 538.1 nm through intermodal phase matching between the fundamental and second-order guided mode of the MPCF...
September 15, 2017: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844560/physical-activity-is-associated-with-the-physical-psychological-social-and-environmental-quality-of-life-in-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-a-low-resource-setting
#19
Davy Vancampfort, Tine Van Damme, Michel Probst, Joseph Firth, Brendon Stubbs, David Basangwa, James Mugisha
There is a growing recognition of the importance of encouraging patients with mental health problems to become more active as an efficacious strategy to reduce the disability-associated burden. The aim of the current study was to investigate if there are differences in quality of life (QoL) outcomes between people with mental health problems that do and do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. 109 (36♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age = 34.2 ± 10.2 years) (depression = 7, bipolar disorder = 31, schizophrenia = 21, alcohol use disorder = 50) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment brief version...
December 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843271/vitamin-d-proliferates-vaginal-epithelium-through-rhoa-expression-in-postmenopausal-atrophic-vagina-tissue
#20
Arum Lee, Man Ryul Lee, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Yeon-Suk Kim, Jun-Mo Kim, Temuulee Enkhbold, Tae-Hee Kim
Postmenopausal atrophic vagina (PAV) is the thinning of the walls of the vagina and decreased lugae of the vagina. PAV is caused by decreased estrogen levels in postmenopausal women. However, the harmful effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) have resulted in considerable caution in its use. Various estrogen agonist treatment options are available. Vitamin D is influences the regulation of differentiation and proliferation of various cells, especially tissues lining stratified squamous epithelium, such as the vaginal epithelium...
September 30, 2017: Molecules and Cells
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