keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

PAV+

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909109/effects-of-statins-on-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaques-the-paradigm-progression-of-atherosclerotic-plaque-determined-by-computed-tomographic-angiography-imaging-study
#1
Sang-Eun Lee, Hyuk-Jae Chang, Ji Min Sung, Hyung-Bok Park, Ran Heo, Asim Rizvi, Fay Y Lin, Amit Kumar, Martin Hadamitzky, Yong Jin Kim, Edoardo Conte, Daniele Andreini, Gianluca Pontone, Matthew J Budoff, Ilan Gottlieb, Byoung Kwon Lee, Eun Ju Chun, Filippo Cademartiri, Erica Maffei, Hugo Marques, Jonathon A Leipsic, Sanghoon Shin, Jung Hyun Choi, Kavitha Chinnaiyan, Gilbert Raff, Renu Virmani, Habib Samady, Peter H Stone, Daniel S Berman, Jagat Narula, Leslee J Shaw, Jeroen J Bax, James K Min
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to describe the impact of statins on individual coronary atherosclerotic plaques. BACKGROUND: Although statins reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events, their long-term effects on coronary atherosclerosis remain unclear. METHODS: We performed a prospective, multinational study consisting of a registry of consecutive patients without history of coronary artery disease who underwent serial coronary computed tomography angiography at an interscan interval of ≥2 years...
June 8, 2018: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904390/an-immortalized-genetic-mapping-population-for-perennial-ryegrass-a-resource-for-phenotyping-and-complex-trait-mapping
#2
Janaki Velmurugan, Dan Milbourne, Vincent Connolly, J S Heslop-Harrison, Ulrike C M Anhalt, M B Lynch, Susanne Barth
To address the lack of a truly portable, universal reference mapping population for perennial ryegrass, we have been developing a recombinant inbred line (RIL) mapping population of perennial ryegrass derived via single seed descent from a well-characterized F2 mapping population based on genetically distinct inbred parents in which the natural self-incompatibility (SI) system of perennial ryegrass has been overcome. We examined whether it is possible to create a genotyping by sequencing (GBS) based genetic linkage map in a small population of the F6 generation of this population...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885726/an-interview-study-exploring-tesla-drivers-behavioural-adaptation
#3
Rui Lin, Liang Ma, Wei Zhang
Partially automated vehicles (PAVs) have been used in real-world environments for several years since the emergence of autonomous driving. It is important to understand the effects of partial automation systems (PAS) on the understanding of drivers and their behaviour during the first months of use. In order to adapt to new vehicle technology, drivers usually exhibit specific behaviours in this stage that are not intended by the developers, namely behavioural adaptation. The present study investigated the behavioural adaptations by early PAV adopters after short-term usage...
October 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868264/agronomical-biochemical-and-histological-response-of-resistant-and-susceptible-wheat-and-barley-under-bydv-stress
#4
Shormin Choudhury, Hongliang Hu, Philip Larkin, Holger Meinke, Sergey Shabala, Ibrahim Ahmed, Meixue Zhou
Barley yellow dwarf virus-PAV (BYDV-PAV) is one of the major viruses causing a widespread and serious viral disease affecting cereal crops. To gain a better understanding of plant defence mechanisms of BYDV resistance genes ( Bdv2 and RYd2 ) against BYDV-PAV infection, the differences in agronomical, biochemical and histological changes between susceptible and resistant wheat and barley cultivars were investigated. We found that root growth and total dry matter of susceptible cultivars showed greater reduction than that of resistant ones after infection...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864607/the-relationship-between-segmental-wall-shear-stress-and-lipid-core-plaque-derived-from-near-infrared-spectroscopy
#5
Daisuke Shishikura, Samuel L Sidharta, Satoshi Honda, Kohei Takata, Susan W Kim, Jordan Andrews, Natalie Montarello, Sinny Delacroix, Timothy Baillie, Matthew I Worthley, Peter J Psaltis, Stephen J Nicholls
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Wall shear stress (WSS) has an important role in the natural history of coronary atherosclerosis. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between WSS and the lipid content of atherosclerotic plaques as assessed by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). METHODS: We performed serial NIRS and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) upon Doppler coronary flow guidewire of coronary plaques at baseline and after 12-18 months in 28 patients with <30% angiographic stenosis, who presented with coronary artery disease...
May 5, 2018: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784417/the-use-of-la-icp-ms-databases-to-calculate-likelihood-ratios-for-the-forensic-analysis-of-glass-evidence
#6
Ruthmara Corzo, Tricia Hoffman, Peter Weis, Javier Franco-Pedroso, Daniel Ramos, Jose Almirall
Laser Ablation-Inductively Coupled Plasma-Mass Spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) has been shown to be an excellent technique for the discrimination of glass originating from different sources and for the association of glass originating from the same source. Typically, a match criterion is used to compare the elemental profile of the known sample to a questioned sample and if the glass samples are determined to "match" this may be followed by the use of a verbal scale to report the forensic practitioner's conclusion...
August 15, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746725/a-phase-i-single-ascending-dose-study-in-healthy-subjects-to-assess-the-safety-tolerability-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-ds-2969b-a-novel-gyrb-inhibitor
#7
Justin Dennie, Alexander G Vandell, Satoshi Inoue, Roohi Gajee, Joseph Pav, George Zhang, Cynthia Zamora, Nobuhisa Masuda, Minoru Uchiyama, Makiko Yamada, Giorgio Senaldi
DS-2969b is a novel GyrB inhibitor in development for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infection. The aim of this study was to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics, and effects on normal gastrointestinal microbiota groups of single daily oral ascending doses of DS-2969b in healthy subjects. The study enrolled 6 sequential ascending dose cohorts (6 mg, 20 mg, 60 mg, 200 mg, 400 mg, and 600 mg). In each cohort, 6 subjects were administered DS-2969b and 2 subjects were administered matching placebo...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735197/effect-of-parkinson-disease-on-emotion-perception-using-the-persian-affective-voices-test
#8
Arezoo Saffarian, Yunes Amiri Shavaki, Gholam Ali Shahidi, Zahra Jafari
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emotion perception plays a major role in proper communication with people in different social interactions. Nonverbal affect bursts can be used to evaluate vocal emotion perception. The present study was a preliminary step to establishing the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Montreal Affective Voices (MAV) test, as well as to investigate the effect of Parkinson disease (PD) on vocal emotion perception. METHODS: The short, emotional sound made by pronouncing the vowel "a" in Persian was recorded by 22 actors and actresses to develop the Persian version of the MAV, the Persian Affective Voices (PAV), for emotions of happiness, sadness, pleasure, pain, anger, disgust, fear, surprise, and neutrality...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729219/finding-invisible-quantitative-trait-loci-with-missing-data
#9
Iulian Gabur, Harmeet Singh Chawla, Xiwei Liu, Vinod Kumar, Sébastien Faure, Andreas von Tiedemann, Christophe Jestin, Emmanuelle Dryzska, Susann Volkmann, Frank Breuer, Régine Delourme, Rod Snowdon, Christian Obermeier
Evolutionary processes during plant polyploidisation and speciation have led to extensive presence-absence variation (PAV) in crop genomes, and there is increasing evidence that PAV associates with important traits. Today, high-resolution genetic analysis in major crops frequently implements simple, cost-effective, high-throughput genotyping from single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) hybridization arrays, however these are normally not designed to distinguish PAV from failed SNP calls caused by hybridization artefacts...
May 5, 2018: Plant Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728052/a-new-method-for-the-assessment-of-endothelial-function-with-peripheral-arterial-volume
#10
Daoyuan Si, Lujia Ni, Yunfei Wang, Jinsha Liu, Jining Yang, Ping Yang
BACKGROUND: Currently, many methodological approaches have been developed to assess peripheral endothelial function. However, a development of the noninvasive and automated technique for routinely assessing endothelial function is still required. We evaluated the potential value of a new method to measure peripheral endothelial function with reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial volume (RH-PAV) in patients with chest pain. METHODS: We used a novel oximeter-like probe to detect the peripheral arterial volume (PAV) of the finger and compared it with brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) performed in 93 consecutive patients with chest pain...
May 4, 2018: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724123/evidence-supporting-clinical-use-of-proportional-assist-ventilation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-clinical-trials
#11
Bharath Kumar Tirupakuzhi Vijayaraghavan, Shatha Hamed, Aditi Jain, Timothy Chimunda, Irene Telias, Jan O Friedrich, Karen E A Burns
BACKGROUND: While proportional assist ventilation (PAV), generates pressure in proportion to effort without a preselected target, proportional assist ventilation plus (PAV+) measures compliance and resistance, calculates work of breathing, and adjusts support to a preset assistance level. OBJECTIVE: To summarize randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We searched multiple databases to April 2017 without language restrictions and conference proceedings from 5 meetings to identify randomized parallel-group and crossover RCTs that compared invasive or noninvasive PAV or PAV+ to another mode in critically ill adults or children and reported at least 1 clinically important outcome...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718680/evolution-of-frying-oil-quality-using-fourier-transform-near-infrared-ft-nir-spectroscopy
#12
Antonia M Calero, Estrella Muñoz, Dolores Pérez-Marin, Cecilia Riccioli, Luis Pérez, Ana Garrido-Varo
This study assesses the capacity of a Fourier transform near-infrared (FT-NIR) spectrometer operating in the range 4500-12 000 cm-1 (833.33-2222.22 nm) to provide quantitative predictions for the parameters of acidity (AV), p-anisidine (pAV), total polar materials (TPM), peroxide value (PV), and oxidative stability index (OSI). 562 samples of frying oil were analyzed from 14 distinct types of oil. The calibrations obtained accounted for 96%, 95%, 99%, 92%, and 91% of the AV, pAV, TPM, PV, and OSI variations in the study set and the similarity between the standard error of laboratory (RMSEP) values and the reference method errors (RMSEL), enabling the authors to conclude that NIR technology has the capacity to replace traditional methods in thermo-oxidative degradation studies in frying oils...
January 1, 2018: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718005/novel-sequences-structural-variations-and-gene-presence-variations-of-asian-cultivated-rice
#13
Zhiqiang Hu, Wensheng Wang, Zhichao Wu, Chen Sun, Min Li, Jinyuan Lu, Binying Fu, Jianxin Shi, Jianlong Xu, Jue Ruan, Chaochun Wei, Zhikang Li
Genomic diversity within a species genome is the genetic basis of its phenotypic diversity essential for its adaptation to environments. The big picture of the total genetic diversity within Asian cultivated rice has been uncovered since the sequencing of 3,000 rice genomes, including the SNP data publicly available in the SNP-Seek database. Here we report other aspects of the genetic diversity, including rice sequences assembled from over 3,000 accessions but absent in the Nipponbare reference genome, structural variations (SVs) and gene presence/absence variations (PAVs) in 453 accessions with sequencing depth over 20x...
May 2, 2018: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703054/impact-of-von-willebrand-factor-on-coronary-plaque-burden-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-treated-with-statins
#14
Yuta Kato, Atsushi Iwata, Makito Futami, Motoki Yamashita, Satoshi Imaizumi, Takashi Kuwano, Amane Ike, Makoto Sugihara, Hiroaki Nishikawa, Bo Zhang, Shin'ichiro Yasunaga, Keijiro Saku, Shin-Ichiro Miura
High von Willebrand factor (VWF) levels have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular events. However, the relationship between VWF levels and coronary atherosclerosis in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who have already received stain treatment is still unclear. We examined the association between VWF levels and coronary plaque as assessed by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) in CAD patients treated with statins. Ninety-one CAD patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention under IVUS guidance, and who were already receiving statin treatment based on Japanese guidelines, were included...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652758/is-inspiratory-muscle-weakness-a-determinant-of-endurance-exercise-tolerance-during-niv-supported-exercise-in-patients-with-copd
#15
Rodrigo Koch, Gabriel Victor Guimarães Rapello, Paulo de Tarso Müller
PURPOSE: Previous research has reported that inspiratory muscle weakness is critical to decreased exercise tolerance and exercise tolerance improves with 10 cmH2O pressure support ventilation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of proportional assist ventilation (PAV) and continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) compared with sham on exercise tolerance in patients with and without inspiratory muscle weakness...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644558/finger-and-forehead-photoplethysmography-derived-pulse-pressure-variation-and-the-benefits-of-baseline-correction
#16
Shaoxiong Sun, Wouter H Peeters, Rick Bezemer, Xi Long, Igor Paulussen, Ronald M Aarts, Gerrit J Noordergraaf
To non-invasively predict fluid responsiveness, respiration-induced pulse amplitude variation (PAV) in the photoplethysmographic (PPG) signal has been proposed as an alternative to pulse pressure variation (PPV) in the arterial blood pressure (ABP) signal. However, it is still unclear how the performance of the PPG-derived PAV is site-dependent during surgery. The aim of this study is to compare finger- and forehead-PPG derived PAV in their ability to approach the value and trend of ABP-derived PPV. Furthermore, this study investigates four potential confounding factors, (1) baseline variation, (2) PPV, (3) ratio of respiration and heart rate, and (4) perfusion index, which might affect the agreement between PPV and PAV...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608694/scanpav-a-pipeline-for-extracting-presence-absence-variations-in-genome-pairs
#17
Francesca Giordano, Maximilian R Stammnitz, Elizabeth P Murchison, Zemin Ning
Motivation: The recent technological advances in genome sequencing techniques have resulted in an exponential increase in the number of sequenced human and non-human genomes. The ever increasing number of assemblies generated by novel de novo pipelines and strategies demands the development of new software to evaluate assembly quality and completeness. One way to determine the completeness of an assembly is by detecting its Presence-Absence variations (PAV) with respect to a reference, where PAVs between two assemblies are defined as the sequences present in one assembly but entirely missing in the other one...
March 28, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601348/association-between-a-physical-activity-vital-sign-and-cardiometabolic-disease-in-high-risk-patients
#18
Vicki R Nelson, Robert V Masocol, Joseph A Ewing, Sheri Johnston, Allyson Hale, Michael Wiederman, Irfan M Asif
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between the physical activity vital sign (PAVS) and markers of cardiometabolic disease. DESIGN: Patients were assessed through the PAVS, a validated tool self-reporting the frequency and duration of physical activity. Patients were categorized into 3 groups: inactive (0 minutes per week), underactive (1-149 minutes per week), and active (>150 minutes per week). Associations were tested between the PAVS and the cardiometabolic disease biomarkers of body mass index, hemoglobin A1c (A1c), blood pressure, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) using one-way analyses of variance...
March 27, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570813/in-vivo-biofilm-formation-gram-negative-infections-and-tas2r38-polymorphisms-in-crsw-np-patients
#19
Elena Cantone, Rossella Negri, Emanuela Roscetto, Rossella Grassia, Maria Rosaria Catania, Pasquale Capasso, Marianna Maffei, Amata Amy Soriano, Carlo Antonio Leone, Maurizio Iengo, Luigi Greco
OBJECTIVES: Among the predisposing factors implicated in the immune response to airway bacterial infections, genetic variations of the bitter taste receptor TAS2R38, which is expressed in the cilia of the human sinonasal epithelial cells, seem to be associated with susceptibility to chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and in vitro biofilm formation. Polymorphisms in TAS2R38 generate two common haplotypes: the nonfunctional AVI (Alanine, Valine, Isoleucine) and the functional PAV (Proline, Alanine, Valine) alleles, with the latter protecting against gram-negative sinonasal infections...
March 23, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551724/the-effectiveness-of-salvage-treatments-for-recurrent-lesions-of-oligodendrogliomas-previously-treated-with-upfront-chemotherapy
#20
Daisuke Kuga, Nobuhiro Hata, Yojiro Akagi, Takeo Amemiya, Yuhei Sangatsuda, Ryusuke Hatae, Koji Yoshimoto, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Koji Iihara
BACKGROUND: We previously reported a favorable outcome in a case series of patients with oligodendrogliomas treated with upfront chemotherapy; however, their progression-free survival (PFS) was relatively short considering their long-term overall survival (OS). This suggests that salvage treatments after progression were effective. However, the clinical impact of salvage treatments on outcomes of patients with recurrent oligodendrogliomas has not been precisely investigated. METHODS: Our case series included 28 patients with newly diagnosed isocitrate dehydrogenase-mutant and 1p/19q-codeleted oligodendroglial tumors treated with upfront procarbazine, nimustine, and vincristine...
June 2018: World Neurosurgery
keyword
keyword
10653
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"