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Perinatal epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067303/prevalence-of-antepartum-hemorrhage-in-women-with-placenta-previa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Dazhi Fan, Song Wu, Li Liu, Qing Xia, Wen Wang, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) is an important cause of perinatal mortality and maternal morbidity in pregnant women with placenta previa in the world. However, the epidemiological characteristics are not completely understood. We performed an initial systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the prevalence of APH in pregnant women with placenta previa. It was totally performed following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analysis statement. PubMed, Elsevier Science Direct, and the Cochrane Library were searched before April 2016...
January 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029701/paediatric-and-perinatal-epidemiology-where-we-stand-and-where-are-we-headed
#2
EDITORIAL
Cande V Ananth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004625/pregnancy-perinatal-and-postpartum-complications-as-determinants-of-postpartum-depression-the-rhea-mother-child-cohort-in-crete-greece
#3
K Koutra, M Vassilaki, V Georgiou, A Koutis, P Bitsios, M Kogevinas, L Chatzi
AIMS: Few epidemiological studies evaluated associations between perinatal complications and maternal mood at the early postpartum period and the findings are inconsistent. We aimed at investigating a wide range of complications during pregnancy, at delivery, and at the early postpartum period as determinants of postpartum depression (PPD) at 8 weeks postpartum. METHODS: A total of 1037 women who enrolled in the Rhea mother-child cohort in Crete, Greece participated in the present study...
December 22, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000639/relationship-between-gross-placental-characteristics-and-perinatal-outcome-of-low-risk-singleton-deliveries
#4
Kikelomo Temilola Adesina, Olumuyiwa O Ogunlaja, Abiodun P Aboyeji, Halimat J Akande, Abiodun S Adeniran, Adebunmi Olarinoye, Adegboyega A Fawole
BACKGROUND: Gross examination of the placenta may provide useful insight into the aetiology of newborn and maternal complications. A review of literature revealed only a few epidemiological studies that determined the relationships between placental abnormalities, gestational age and occurrence of adverse outcome in babies of healthy pregnant women in our region. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology of University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, between 1 st February and August 2013...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916585/perinatal-exposure-to-glyphosate-based-herbicide-alters-the-thyrotrophic-axis-and-causes-thyroid-hormone-homeostasis-imbalance-in-male-rats
#5
Janaina Sena de Souza, Marina Malta Letro Kizys, Rodrigo Rodrigues da Conceição, Gabriel Glebocki, Renata Marino Romano, Tania Maria Ortiga-Carvalho, Gisele Giannocco, Ismael Dale Cotrim Guerreiro da Silva, Magnus Regios Dias da Silva, Marco Aurélio Romano, Maria Izabel Chiamolera
Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are widely used in agriculture. Recently, several animal and epidemiological studies have been conducted to understand the effects of these chemicals as an endocrine disruptor for the gonadal system. The aim of the present study was to determine whether GBHs could also disrupt the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis. Female pregnant Wistar rats were exposed to a solution containing GBH Roundup(®)Transorb (Monsanto). The animals were divided into three groups (control, 5mg/kg/day or 50mg/kg/day) and exposed from gestation day 18 (GD18) to post-natal day 5 (PND5)...
December 1, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915320/retinopathy-of-prematurity-aiims-new-delhi-experience
#6
Sindhu Sivanandan, Parijat Chandra, Ashok K Deorari, Ramesh Agarwal
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of potentially avoidable childhood blindness worldwide. With improvement in neonatal care, more preterm infants are surviving with a resultant increase in the number of ROP cases. In low-middle income countries, the disease epidemiology is characterized by the occurrence of ROP at higher birthweight in premature babies with greater severity at presentation. In this article, we describe the ROP screening and management program at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi that has evolved over last three decades...
November 7, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905962/identifying-potential-differences-in-cause-of-death-coding-practices-across-russian-regions
#7
Inna Danilova, Vladimir M Shkolnikov, Dmitri A Jdanov, France Meslé, Jacques Vallin
BACKGROUND: Reliable and comparable data on causes of death are crucial for public health analysis, but the usefulness of these data can be markedly diminished when the approach to coding is not standardized across territories and/or over time. Because the Russian system of producing information on causes of death is highly decentralized, there may be discrepancies in the coding practices employed across the country. In this study, we evaluate the uniformity of cause-of-death coding practices across Russian regions using an indirect method...
March 22, 2016: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885296/outcome-of-twin-deliveries-at-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-eastern-nepal
#8
S Chaudhary, R R Singh, G S Shah, J Agrawal, S Kafle, L Shah
BACKGROUND: Twins, compared to singletons, have higher perinatal mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to describe the twinning rate, epidemiological variables and hospital outcome of twin deliveries and to find out ways of better management of twins in our part. METHODS: A retrospective evaluation of the outcome of 92 twin pregnancies during one year study period (1st January 2014 to 31st December 2014) was conducted at BPKIHS. Twins delivered within the institution were included but cases less than 28 weeks gestation were excluded...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882745/-comparison-of-perinatal-mortality-in-slovak-republic-in-the-years-2007-2009-and-in-the-years-2010-2012
#9
M Korbeľ, A Krištúfková, M Borovský, J Danko, Z Nižňanská, P Kaščák, J Daniš
OBJECTIVE: Comparison of perinatal mortality in Slovak Republic in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012. DESIGN: Epidemiological perinatal nation-wide. SETTING: 1st Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics School of Medicine, Comenius University and University Hospital, Bratislava, Slovak Republic. METHODS: The analysis of selected perinatal data prospectively collected in the years 2007-2009 and in the years 2010-2012...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870426/sex-dependent-effects-of-nicotine-on-the-developing-brain
#10
REVIEW
Sarah J Cross, Kay E Linker, Frances M Leslie
The use of tobacco products represents a major public health concern, especially among women. Epidemiological data have consistently demonstrated that women have less success quitting tobacco use and a higher risk for developing tobacco-related diseases. The deleterious effects of nicotine are not restricted to adulthood, as nicotinic acetylcholine receptors regulate critical aspects of neural development. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the particular sensitivity of women to develop tobacco dependence have not been well elucidated...
January 2, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865214/-auditory-neuropathy-clinical-evaluation-and-diagnostic-approach
#11
Guilherme Machado Carvalho, Beatriz Prista Leão, Priscila Zonzini Ramos, Alexandre Caixeta Guimarães, Arthur Menino Castilho, Edi Lúcia Sartorato
INTRODUCTION: Auditory neuropathy is a condition in which there is a change in the neuronal transmission of the auditory stimuli. Our objective was to describe the patients' series within the clinical spectrum of auditory neuropathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We designed a transversal, retrospective study, with a description of a consecutive case series. Auditory neuropathy was defined by the presence of acoustic otoemissions plus absent/abnormal auditory brainstem responses with cochlear microphonism...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859180/infantile-anorexia-co-excitation-and-co-mastery-in-the-parent-baby-cathexis-the-contribution-of-sigmund-and-anna-freud
#12
Thomas Cascales
Recent epidemiological studies show that 2% of babies in ordinary paediatric clinics suffer from infantile anorexia. In the first part of this paper we present a case study from our hospital clinical activity. Our framework combines clinical psychoanalytic sessions and perinatal videos. In the second part, we will focus on the concepts of instinct and excitation proposed by Sigmund Freud and the concept of mastery proposed by Anna Freud. In the third part, we will examine these concepts in the light of the case study...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Psycho-analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847483/screening-for-postpartum-depression-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Xinli Chi, Peichao Zhang, Haiyan Wu, Jian Wang
Objectives: This study examined what percentage of Chinese mothers during a three-year postpartum period were screened for postpartum depression and explored the correlation between postpartum depression and various socio-demographic, psychological, and cultural factors. Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Methods: A total of 506 mothers 23 years of age and older who were within three years postpartum completed the online survey. The survey collected information such as family economic status, a history of depression, preparation for pregnancy, relationships with husbands, and family members, adult attachment types (Adult Attachment Scale, AAS), and depression (The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CESD)...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821215/perinatal-sociodemographic-and-lifestyle-correlates-of-increased-total-and-visceral-fat-mass-levels-in-schoolchildren-in-greece-the-healthy-growth-study
#14
George Moschonis, Adriana C Kaliora, Kalliopi Karatzi, Aggelos Michaletos, Christina-Paulina Lambrinou, Alexandra K Karachaliou, George P Chrousos, Christos Lionis, Yannis Manios
OBJECTIVE: To identify possibly independent associations of perinatal, sociodemographic and lifestyle factors with childhood total and visceral body fat. DESIGN: A representative sample of 2655 schoolchildren (9-13 years) participated in the Healthy Growth Study, a cross-sectional epidemiological study. SETTING: Seventy-seven primary schools in four large regions in Greece. SUBJECTS: A sample of 1228 children having full data on total and visceral fat mass levels, as well as on anthropometric, dietary, physical activity, physical examination, socio-economic and perinatal indices, was examined...
November 8, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819320/descriptive-epidemiology-of-prenatal-and-perinatal-risk-factors-in-a-chinese-population-with-reading-disorder
#15
Lingfei Liu, Jia Wang, Shanshan Shao, Xiu Luo, Rui Kong, Xiaohui Zhang, Ranran Song
Several prenatal and perinatal factors have been found to be associated with developmental dyslexia (reading disorder) in alphabetic language. Given the absence of relevant studies of Chinese children, the present study tries to investigate these risk factors. A total of 45,850 students were recruited from grades three to six, from seven cities of Hubei province. Dyslexia in Chinese was diagnosed based on children's clinical symptoms. The clinical symptoms of children's reading performance were assessed by Dyslexia Checklist for Chinese Children (DCCC) and Pupil Rating Scale Revised Screening for Learning Disabilities (PRS) which were completed by parent/guardian and header teacher respectively...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807717/the-clinical-features-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta-in-vietnam
#16
Ho Duy Binh, Katre Maasalu, Vu Chi Dung, Can T Bich Ngoc, Ton That Hung, Tran V Nam, Le N Thanh Nhan, Ele Prans, Ene Reimann, Lidiia Zhytnik, Sulev Kõks, Aare Märtson
PURPOSE: Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) has not been studied in a Vietnamese population before. The aim of this study was to systematically collect epidemiological information, investigate clinical features and create a clinical database of OI patients in Vietnam for future research and treatment strategy development. METHOD: Participants underwent clinical and physical examinations; also medical records were reviewed. Genealogical information was collected and family members' phenotypical manifestations recorded...
January 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794171/reconstructing-a-pregnancy-cohort-to-examine-potential-selection-bias-in-studies-on-racial-disparities-in-preterm-delivery
#17
Katherine J Sapra, Ashok K Chaurasia, Jennifer A Hutcheon, Katherine A Ahrens
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies examining preconception risk factors on perinatal outcomes are typically restricted to livebirths. By including only non-terminated pregnancies, estimates for the underlying pregnancy cohort may be subject to selection bias. We examined if potential selection bias due to induced termination by maternal race may result in different estimates of the non-Hispanic black - non-Hispanic white risk ratio (RR) for preterm delivery (PTD) among a reconstructed pregnancy cohort ('pseudo-pregnancy cohort')...
January 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794037/pre-and-postnatal-smoking-exposure-and-risk-of-atopic-eczema-in-young-japanese-children-a-prospective-pre-birth-cohort-study
#18
Keiko Tanaka, Yoshihiro Miyake, Shinya Furukawa, Masashi Arakawa
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological evidence regarding the effect of perinatal smoking exposure on atopic eczema in children continues to be inconclusive. The aim of this prospective prebirth cohort study was to investigate the association between prenatal smoking exposure and postnatal living with household smokers and the risk of atopic eczema in Japanese children aged 23 to 29 months. METHODS: Study subjects were 1354 Japanese mother-child pairs. Information on the variables under study was obtained through questionnaires which were completed by mothers, first prior to delivery, then shortly after birth and subsequently around 4, 12, and 24 months after delivery...
October 28, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763483/the-mysterious-zika-virus-adding-to-the-tropical-flavivirus-mayhem
#19
REVIEW
B Mishra, B Behera
Until now, known as the demure cousin of dengue virus (DENV) inhabiting Africa, Zika virus (ZIKV) has reinvented itself to cause explosive epidemics captivating the Western hemisphere. The outbreak causing potential for ZIKV was realized when it made its way from Africa to Yap Island Micronesia in 2007, and in French Polynesia in 2013. From there, it moved on to Brazil in 2015. Now ZIKV has infected people in more than 33 countries in Central and South America and the Caribbean. Moreover the epidemiological and subsequent virological association with microcephaly cases in Brazil has prompted the World Health Organization to declare a public health emergency of International Concern...
October 2016: Journal of Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677342/group-b-streptococcus-late-onset-sepsis-in-very-low-birth-weight-newborns-10-years-experience
#20
Francesco M Risso, Elio Castagnola, Roberto Bandettini, Diego Minghetti, Laura Pagani, Luca A Ramenghi
PURPOSE: The incidence of late-onset neonatal infection (LONS) group B streptococcus (GBS) in very low birthweight (VLBW) is still matter of debate. In the present 10-years retrospective study we investigated the epidemiology of GBS LONS in VLBW neonates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From January 2006 to July 2015 we conducted a retrospective study in all preterm infants admitted at our third level referral center for neonatal intensive care (NICU). From our database we were able to retrieve all cases of bloodstream infections/meningitis GBS positive...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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