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Self-assembling peptide

Dongni Wu, Shuangying Zhang, Yuyuan Zhao, Ningjian Ao, Seeram Ramakrishna, Liumin He
RADA16-I (Ac-(RADA)4 -CONH2 ) is a widely investigated self-assembling peptide (SAP) in the biomedical field. It can undergo ordered self-assembly to form stable secondary structures, thereby further forming a nanofiber hydrogel. The modification of RADA16-I with functional peptide motifs has become a popular research topic. Researchers aim to exhibit particular biomedical signaling, and subsequently, further expand its applications. However, only a few fundamental reports are available on the influences of the peptide motifs on self-assembly mechanisms of designer functional RADA16-I SAPs...
March 16, 2018: Biomedical Materials
Niloy Kundu, Debasis Banik, Nilmoni Sarkar
Amphiphiles are class of molecules which are known to assemble into a variety of nanostructures. The understanding and applications of self-assembled systems are based on what has been learned from biology. Among the vast number of self-assemblies, in this article, we have described the formation, characterization and dynamics of two important biologically inspired assemblies, vesicles and fibrils. Vesicles, which can be classified into several categories depending on the sizes and components, are of great interest due to their potential application in drug delivery and as nanoscale reactor...
March 15, 2018: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
Antonella Accardo, Carlo Diaferia, Nicole Balasco, Teresa Sibillano, Cinzia Giannini, Luigi Vitagliano, Giancarlo Morelli
Over the years, a large number of multidisciplinary investigations has unveiled that the self-assembly of short peptides and even of individual amino acids can generate a variety of different biomaterials. In this framework, we have recently reported that polyethylene glycol (PEG) conjugates of short homopeptides, containing aromatic amino acids such as phenylalanine (Phe, F) and naphthylalanine (Nal), are able to form elongated fibrillary aggregates having interesting chemical and physical properties. We here extend these analyses characterizing the self-assembling propensity of PEG6-W4, a PEG adduct of the tetra-tryptophan (W4) sequence...
March 15, 2018: Chemphyschem: a European Journal of Chemical Physics and Physical Chemistry
Hui Sun, Yuanxiu Hong, Yuejing Xi, Yijie Zou, Jingyi Gao, Jianzhong Du
Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) have been attracting much attention due to their excellent antimicrobial efficiency and low rate in driving antimicrobial resistance (AMR) which has been increasing globally to alarming levels. Conjugation of AMPs into functional polymers not only preserves excellent antimicrobial activities but reduces the toxicity and offers more functionalities, which brings new insight towards developing multifunctional biomedical materials such as hydrogels, polymer vesicles, polymer micelles, etc...
March 14, 2018: Biomacromolecules
Jie Li, Domenico Bullara, Xuewen Du, Hongjian He, Stavroula Sofou, Ioannis G Kevrekidis, Irving R Epstein, Bing Xu
Recent studies have demonstrated that enzyme-instructed self-assembly (EISA) in extra- or intracellular environments can serve as a multistep process for controlling cell fate. There is little knowledge, however, about the kinetics of EISA in the complex environments in or around cells. Here we design and synthesize three dipeptidic precursors (LD-1-SO3, DL-1-SO3, DD-1-SO3), consisting of diphenylalanine (L-Phe-D-Phe, D-Phe-L-Phe, D-Phe-D-Phe, respectively) as the backbone, which are capped by 2-(naphthalen-2-yl)acetic acid at the N-terminal and by 2-(4-(2-aminoethoxy)-4-oxobutanamido)ethane-1-sulfonic acid at the C- 2 terminal...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Nicole L Ing, Ryan K Spencer, Son H Luong, Hung D Nguyen, Allon I Hochbaum
Examples of long-range electronic conductivity are rare in biological systems. The observation of micrometer-scale electronic transport through protein wires produced by bacteria is therefore notable, providing an opportunity to study fundamental aspects of conduction through protein-based materials and natural inspiration for bioelectronics materials. Borrowing sequence and structural motifs from these conductive protein fibers, we designed self-assembling peptides that form electronically conductive nanofibers under aqueous conditions...
March 14, 2018: ACS Nano
Pramod Gavel, Dharm Dev, Hamendra Singh Parmar, Sheetal Bhasin, Apurba K Das
Here, we report the self-assembly of Amoc (9-anthracenemethoxycarbonyl)-capped dipeptides, which self-assemble to form injectable, self-healable and shape-memory hydrogels with inherent antibacterial properties. Amoc-capped dipeptides self-assemble to form nanofibrillar networks, which are established by several spectroscopic and microscopic techniques. The inherent antibacterial properties of hydrogels are evaluated using two Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and three Gram-negative Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella typhi bacteria...
March 14, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Nazario Martin, Alicia López-Andarias, Javier López-Andarias, Carmen Atienza, Francisco J Chichón, José L Carrascosa
Supramolecular chemistry has evolved from the traditional focus on thermodynamic on-pathways to the complex study of kinetic off-pathways, which are strongly dependent of the environmental conditions. Moreover, the control over pathway complexity allows obtaining nanostructures that are inaccessible through spontaneous thermodynamic processes. Here, we present a family of peptide-based π-extended tetrathiafulvalene (exTTF) molecules which show two self-assembly pathways leading to two distinct J-aggregates, namely metastable (M) and thermodynamic (T), with different spectroscopic, chiroptical and electrochemical behavior...
March 14, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Swapnil C Kohale, Subha Pratihar, William L Hase
Classical chemical dynamics simulation results are presented for the thermal desorption kinetics and energetics of protonated dialanine ions (ala2 -H+ ) physisorbed on/in a perfluorinated self-assembled monolayer (F-SAM) surface. Previously developed analytic potentials were used for the F-SAM and the ala2 -H+ /F-SAM intermolecular interaction, and the AMBER valence force field was used for ala2 -H+ . The activation energy, Ea = 13.2 kcal/mol, determined from the simulations is consistent with previous simulations of the ala2 -H+ /F-SAM binding energy...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Yujuan Chen, Fengjiao Yuan, Xian Jiang, Qing Lv, Na Luo, Changyang Gong, Chunting Wang, Li Yang, Gu He
Recently, tumor immunotherapy has achieved great progress in the treatment of hematological and solid neoplasms. The DC vaccines, KLH-conjugated vaccines or glycosylated peptide vaccines can efficiently induce immune responses against tumors. In the current study, we have discovered cholesteryl PADRE-EGFRvIII epitope-conjugated lipopeptide self-assembled micelles as a potential self-adjuvant vaccine against cutaneous melanoma. The lipopeptide vaccines were synthesized using a standard solid phase peptide synthesis method, and these vaccines could elicit both a humoral and a cellular immune response to EGFRvIII positive melanoma cells...
March 12, 2018: Biomaterials Science
Therese W Herling, Aviad Levin, Kadi L Saar, Christopher M Dobson, Tuomas P J Knowles
The self-assembly of proteins into supramolecular structures and machinery underpins biological activity in living systems. Misassembled, misfolded and aggregated protein structures can, by contrast, have deleterious activity and such species are at the origin of a number of disease states ranging from cancer to neurodegenerative disorders. In particular, the formation of highly ordered protein aggregates, amyloid fibrils, from normally soluble peptides and proteins, is the common pathological hallmark of a range a group of over fifty protein misfolding disorders...
March 12, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Markus Schlee, Florian Rathe, Claudine Bommer, Frank Bröseler, Lucy Kind
BACKGROUND: Patient reported dentin hypersensitivity [DHS] pain is a common finding linked with periodontal disease. This pilot clinical study investigates a novel therapeutic regimen using self-assembling peptide matrix [SAPM] gel (test) and compare it to the use of an 8% arginine and calcium carbonate [ACC] toothpaste (control) for treatment of DHS. METHODS: 50 patients with history of Supportive Periodontal Therapy [SPT] were enrolled in the prospective, randomized monocentric clinical study, of which 45 (test: N = 22; control: N = 23) fulfilled all the study visits...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Periodontology
Valeria Secchi, Stefano Franchi, Marta Santi, Alina Vladescu, Mariana Braic, Tomáš Skála, Jaroslava Nováková, Monica Dettin, Annj Zamuner, Giovanna Iucci, Chiara Battocchio
In this work, we applied advanced Synchrotron Radiation (SR) induced techniques to the study of the chemisorption of the Self Assembling Peptide EAbuK16, i.e., H-Abu-Glu-Abu-Glu-Abu-Lys-Abu-Lys-Abu-Glu-Abu-Glu-Abu-Lys-Abu-Lys-NH₂ that is able to spontaneously aggregate in anti-parallel β-sheet conformation, onto annealed Ti25Nb10Zr alloy surfaces. This synthetic amphiphilic oligopeptide is a good candidate to mimic extracellular matrix for bone prosthesis, since its β-sheets stack onto each other in a multilayer oriented nanostructure with internal pores of 5-200 nm size...
March 7, 2018: Nanomaterials
V Bonito, A I P M Smits, O J G M Goor, B D Ippel, A Driessen-Mol, T J A G Münker, A W Bosman, T Mes, P Y W Dankers, C V C Bouten
Hallmark of the in situ tissue engineering approach is the use of bioresorbable, synthetic, acellular scaffolds, which are designed to modulate the inflammatory response and actively trigger tissue regeneration by the body itself at the site of implantation. Much research is devoted to the design of synthetic materials modulating the polarization of macrophages, which are essential mediators of the early stages of the inflammatory response. Here, we present a novel method for the functionalization of elastomers based on synthetic peptide chemistry, supramolecular self-assembly, and immobilization of heparin and interleukin 4 (IL-4), which is known to skew the polarization of macrophages into the wound healing "M2" phenotype...
March 5, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
Shasha Yang, Sili Wei, Yun Mao, Hanxue Zheng, Juantao Feng, Jihong Cui, Xin Xie, Fulin Chen, Honmgmin Li
BACKGROUND: Safe and effective hemostatic materials are important for reducing mortality resulting from excessive hemorrhage. In this work, new biomaterials with hemostatic effects were created by fusing the gene coding for RADA-16, a self-assembling peptide with the sequence RADARADARADARADA, to the 3'-end of the open reading frame (ORF) encoding elastin-like polypeptides through gene recombination. RESULTS: The fusion proteins, termed 36R, 60R and 96R, were solubly over-expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) based on genetic manipulation of the high-efficiency prokaryotic expression vector pET28a (+) and bacterial transformation...
March 7, 2018: BMC Biotechnology
S Suda, T Takamizawa, F Takahashi, A Tsujimoto, S Akiba, Y Nagura, H Kurokawa, M Miyazaki
The aim of this study was to use ultrasonography to evaluate the effect of the self-assembling peptide P11-4 on acid erosion prevention. Curodont Repair (CR), which includes peptide P11-4, was used. Rectangular prisms of bovine enamel (4×1×1 mm) were immersed in pure orange juice for a period of 5 minutes six times per day for 28 days. These samples were divided into four groups of six specimens each and treated differently for an additional period of 28 days: 1) baseline group specimens were stored in artificial saliva; 2) CR group specimens were exposed to curodont without acid challenge; 3) NCRA (no curodont+acid challenge) specimens were treated with orange juice without curodont exposure; and 4) CRA (CR+acid challenge) specimens were treated with curodont before treatment with orange juice...
March 7, 2018: Operative Dentistry
Adam G Kreutzer, James S Nowick
In the more than a century since its identification, Alzheimer's disease has become the archetype of amyloid diseases. The first glimpses of the chemical basis of Alzheimer's disease began with the identification of "amyloid" plaques in the brain in 1892 and extended to the identification of proteinaceous fibrils with "cross-β" structure in 1968. Further efforts led to the discovery of the β-amyloid peptide, Aβ, as a 40- or 42-amino acid peptide that is responsible for the plaques and fibrils...
March 6, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
Antonella Accardo, Carlo Diaferia, Nicole Balasco, Teresa Sibillano, Moumita Ghosh, Lihi Adler-Abramovich, Cinzia Giannini, Luigi Vitagliano, Giancarlo Morelli
Phenylalanine-based nanostructures have attracted the attention of the material science community for their functional properties. These properties depend on the hierarchic organization of the nanostructure that in turn can be finely tuned by punctual chemical modifications of the building blocks. Here, we investigate how the partial or the complete replacement of the Phe residues with tyrosine ones (PEG8-(FY)3 or PEG8-Y6) in the parental PEG8-F6 can alter the structure of the nanomaterials. The effect of the PEG derivatization was also evaluated in peptides without the PEG moiety (Y6 and (FY)3)...
March 5, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
Krystina L Hess, Eunkeu Oh, Lisa H Tostanoski, James I Andorko, Kimihiro Susumu, Jeffrey R Deschamps, Igor L Medintz, Christopher M Jewell
Treatments for autoimmunity - diseases where the immune system mistakenly attacks self-molecules - are not curative and leave patients immunocompromised. New studies aimed at more specific treatments reveal development of inflammation or tolerance is influenced by the form self-antigens are presented. Using a mouse model of multiple sclerosis (MS), we show for the first time that quantum dots (QDs) can be used to generate immunological tolerance by controlling the density of self-antigen on QDs. These assemblies display dense arrangements of myelin self-peptide associated with disease in MS, are uniform in size (<20 nm), and allow direct visualization in immune tissues...
June 13, 2017: Advanced Functional Materials
N Ashwanikumar, Justin S Plaut, Barmak Mostofian, Siddharth Patel, Peter Kwak, Conroy Sun, Kerry McPhail, Daniel M Zuckerman, Sadik C Esener, Gaurav Sahay
Despite recent advances in the supramolecular assembly of cell-penetrating peptide (CPP) nanostructures, the tuning of size, shape, morphology and packaging of drugs in these materials still remain unexplored. Herein, through sequential ligation of peptide building blocks, we create cell-penetrating self-assembling peptide nanomaterials (CSPNs) with the capability to translocate inside cells. We devised a triblock array of Tat48-59 [HIV-1 derived transactivator of transcription48-59 ] based CPPs, conjugated to up to four Phenylalanine (Phe) residues through an amphiphilic linker, (RADA)2 ...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
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