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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322547/multifunctional-collagen-and-hyaluronic-acid-multilayer-films-on-live-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#1
Daheui Choi, Jaeseong Park, Jiwoong Heo, Tong In Oh, Eun Ah Lee, Jinkee Hong
Cell encapsulation has been reported to convey cytoprotective effects and to better maintain cell survival. In contrast to other studies, our report shows that the deposition of two major biomacromolecules, collagen type I (Col) and hyaluronic acid (HA), on mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) does not entirely block the cell plasma membrane surface. Instead, a considerable amount of the surface remained uncovered or only slightly covered, as confirmed by TEM observation and by FACS analysis based on quantitative surface labeling...
March 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304166/twisted-macrocycles-with-folded-ortho-phenylene-subunits
#2
Zacharias J Kinney, C Scott Hartley
Many foldamers, oligomers that adopt well-defined secondary structures, are now known, including many exhibiting functional behavior. However, examples of foldamer subunits within larger architectures remain rare, despite the importance of higher-order structure in biomacromolecules. Here, we investigate the dynamic covalent assembly of short o-phenylenes, a simple class of aromatic foldamers, into twisted macrocycles. o-Phenylene tetramers have been combined with rod-shaped p-phenylene-, tolane-, and diphenylbutadiyene-based linkers using imine formation...
March 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301750/magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-as-a-tool-for-assessing-macromolecular-structure-and-function-in-living-cells
#3
Conggangg Li, Jiajing Zhao, Kai Cheng, Yuwei Ge, Qiong Wu, Yansheng Ye, Guohua Xu, Zeting Zhang, Wenwen Zheng, Xu Zhang, Xin Zhou, Gary Pielak, Maili Liu
Investigating the structure, modification, interaction, and function of biomolecules in their native cellular environment leads to physiologically relevant knowledge about their mechanisms, which will benefit drug discovery and design. In recent years, nuclear and electron magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy has emerged as a useful tool for elucidating the structure and function of biomacromolecules, including proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates in living cells at atomic resolution. In this review, we summarize the progress and future of in-cell NMR as it is applied to proteins, nucleic acids, and carbohydrates...
March 9, 2017: Annual Review of Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281743/mesoporous-metal-organic-framework-with-well-defined-cruciate-flower-like-morphology-for-enzyme-immobilization
#4
Jiandong Cui, Yuxiao Feng, Tao Lin, Zhilei Tan, Cheng Zhong, Shiru Jia
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have recently emerged as a promising candidates for the immobilization of enzymes due to their diversified structures and porosity. However, a lack of good size and morphological control over the as-prepared MOFs has limited their practical applications in some cases. Herein, instead of zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8) with the standard rhombic dodecahedral morphology, we successfully synthesize a novel mesoporous catalase@ZIF composite with cruciate flower-like morphology by embedding catalase molecules into uniformly sized ZIF crystals...
March 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278377/surfactant-modified-ultrafine-gold-nanoparticles-with-magnetic-responsiveness-for-reversible-convergence-and-release-of-biomacromolecules
#5
Lu Xu, Shuli Dong, Jingcheng Hao, Jiwei Cui, Heinz Hoffmann
It is difficult to synthesize magnetic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with ultrafine sizes (< 2 nm) based on conventional method via coating AuNPs using magnetic particles, compounds or ions. Here the magnetic cationic surfactants, C16H33N+(CH3)3[CeCl3Br]- (CTACe) and C16H33N+(CH3)3[GdCl3Br]- (CTAGd), are prepared by one-step coordination reaction, i.e., C16H33N+(CH3)3Br- (CTABr) + CeCl3 or GdCl3 → CTACe or CTAGd. A simple strategy to fabricate ultrafine (< 2 nm) magnetic gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) via surface modification with weak oxidizing paramagnetic cationic surfactants, CTACe or CTAGd, is developed...
March 9, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276244/recent-developments-in-the-synthesis-of-biomacromolecules-and-their-conjugates-by-set-lrp
#6
Gerard Lligadas, Silvia Grama, Virgil Percec
Single Electron Transfer-Living Radical Polymerization (SET-LRP) represents a robust and versatile tool for the synthesis of vinyl polymers with well-defined topology and chain end functionality. The crucial step in SET-LRP is the disproportionation of the Cu(I)X generated by activation with Cu(0) wire, powder, or nascent Cu(0) generated in situ into nascent, extremely reactive Cu(0) atoms and nanoparticles, and Cu(II)X2. Nascent Cu(0) activates the initiator and dormant chains via a homogeneous or heterogeneous outer-sphere single-electron transfer (SET-LRP) mechanism...
March 9, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252938/transdermal-gene-delivery-by-functional-peptide-conjugated-cationic-gold-nanoparticle-reverses-the-progression-and-metastasis-of-cutaneous-melanoma
#7
Jie Niu, Yang Chu, Yan-Fen Huang, Yee-Song Chong, Zhi-Hong Jiang, Zheng-Wei Mao, Li-Hua Peng, Jian-Qing Gao
Permeability barrier imposed by stratum corneum makes an extreme challenge for the topical delivery of plasmid DNA (pDNA), which is widely used in gene therapy. Existing techniques to overcome the skin barrier for bio-macromolecules delivery rely on sophisticated mechanical devices. It is still a big challenge to treat the skin cancer, for example, melanoma, that initiates in the dermal layer by topical gene therapy. To facilitate the skin penetration of pDNA deeply into the melanoma tissues, we here present a cell-penetrating peptide and cationic poly(ethyleneimine) conjugated gold nanoparticle (AuPT) that can compact the pDNAs into cationic nanocomplexes and penetrate through the intact stratum corneum without any additional enhancement used...
March 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245836/functional-expression-of-a-novel-%C3%AE-amylase-from-antarctic-psychrotolerant-fungus-for-baking-industry-and-its-magnetic-immobilization
#8
Lei He, Youzhi Mao, Lujia Zhang, Hualei Wang, Siti Aisyah Alias, Bei Gao, Dongzhi Wei
BACKGROUND: α-Amylase plays a pivotal role in a broad range of industrial processes. To meet increasing demands of biocatalytic tasks, considerable efforts have been made to isolate enzymes produced by extremophiles. However, the relevant data of α-amylases from cold-adapted fungi are still insufficient. In addition, bread quality presents a particular interest due to its high consummation. Thus developing amylases to improve textural properties could combine health benefits with good sensory properties...
February 28, 2017: BMC Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243087/cationic-liposomes-promote-antigen-cross-presentation-in-dendritic-cells-by-alkalizing-the-lysosomal-ph-and-limiting-the-degradation-of-antigens
#9
Jie Gao, Lukasz J Ochyl, Ellen Yang, James J Moon
Cationic liposomes (CLs) have been widely examined as vaccine delivery nanoparticles since they can form complexes with biomacromolecules, promote delivery of antigens and adjuvant molecules to antigen-presenting cells (APCs), and mediate cellular uptake of vaccine components. CLs are also known to trigger antigen cross-presentation - the process by which APCs internalize extracellular protein antigens, degrade them into minimal CD8(+) T-cell epitopes, and present them in the context of major histocompatibility complex-I (MHC-I)...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242946/the-effects-of-biomacromolecules-on-the-physical-stability-of-w-o-w-emulsions
#10
Jinlong Li, Yunping Zhu, Chao Teng, Ke Xiong, Ran Yang, Xiuting Li
The effect of bovine serum albumin (BSA), whey protein isolate (WPI), whey protein hydrolysate (WPH), sodium caseinate (SC), carboxymethylcellulose sodium (CMC), fish gelatin (FG), high methoxyl apple pectin (HMAP), low methoxyl apple pectin (LMAP), gum Arabic (GA), ι-carrageenan (CGN), and hydroxypropyl chitosan (HPCTS) on physical stability of internal or external aqueous phase of water-in-oil-in-water (W/O/W) emulsions was evaluated. WPI and CGN in the internal aqueous phase, and GA, HPCTS, and CMC in the external phase reduced the size of emulsion droplets...
February 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231499/surfactant-cobalt-iii-complexes-the-impact-of-hydrophobicity-on-interaction-with-hsa-and-dna-insights-from-experimental-and-theoretical-approach
#11
Selvakumar Veeralakshmi, Gopal Sabapathi, Selvan Nehru, Ponnambalam Venuvanalingam, Sankaralingam Arunachalam
To develop surfactant-based metallodrugs, it is very important to know about their hydrophobicity, micelle forming capacity, their interaction with biomacromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids, and biological activities. Here, diethylenetriamine (dien) and tetradecylamine ligand (TA) based surfactant-cobalt(III) complexes with single chain domain, [Co(dien)(TA)Cl2]ClO4 (1) and double chain domain [Co(dien)(TA)2Cl](ClO4)2 (2) were chosen to study the effect of hydrophobicity on the interaction with human serum albumin and calf thymus DNA...
February 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206763/rational-design-of-a-polymer-with-robust-efficacy-for-intracellular-protein-and-peptide-delivery
#12
Hong Chang, Jia Lv, Xin Gao, Xing Wang, Hui Wang, Hui Chen, Xu He, Lei Li, Yiyun Cheng
The efficient delivery of biopharmaceutical drugs such as proteins and peptides into the cytosol of target cells poses substantial challenges owing to their large size and susceptibility to degradation. Current protein delivery vehicles have limitations such as the need for protein modification, insufficient delivery of large-size proteins or small peptides, and loss of protein function after the delivery. Here, we adopted a rational approach to design a polymer with robust efficacy for intracellular protein and peptide delivery...
March 8, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194940/dna-duplex-engineering-for-enantioselective-fluorescent-sensor
#13
Yuehua Hu, Fan Lin, Tao Wu, Yufeng Zhou, Qiusha Li, Yong Shao, Zhiai Xu
The rapid identification of biomacromolecule structure that has a specific association with chiral enantiomers especially from natural sources will be helpful in developing enantioselective sensor and in speeding up drug exploitation. Herein, owing to its existence also in living cells, apurinic/apyrimidinic site (AP site) was first engineered into ds-DNA duplex to explore its competence in enantiomer selectivity. An AP site-specific fluorophore was utilized as an enantioselective discrimination probe to develop a straightforward chiral sensor using natural tetrahydropalmatine (L- and D-THP) as enantiomer representatives...
January 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177025/stabilization-of-peptides-against-proteolysis-through-disulfide-bridged-conjugation-with-synthetic-aromatics
#14
Yaqi Chen, Tao Li, Jianguo Li, Shiyan Cheng, Jinghui Wang, Chandra Verma, Yibing Zhao, Chuanliu Wu
Peptides have been promising molecular scaffolds for the development of potential therapeutics with high affinity and specificity to biomacromolecules. However, their inherent proteolytic instability significantly hampers their biological applications. Strategies that can stabilize peptides against proteolytic digestion on the basis of noncovalent interactions-without extensive manipulation of the sequence or use of unnatural residues-are greatly desired. In this work, we developed a general, convenient, and efficient strategy for the stabilization of peptides against proteolysis, which involves noncovalent π-π interactions between aromatic amino acid residues in peptides and synthetic electron-deficient aromatics (NDI), together with the implication of steric hindrance (from the bulky NDI moiety), and the enhancement of peptide α-helicity...
February 8, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164550/theoretical-and-experimental-evidence-in-mixed-serum-samples-as-natural-reference-materials-for-measuring-activity-of-biomacromolecules-in-serum
#15
Yang Guang, Dong Feng, Li Yuzhong, Liu Hui
BACKGROUND: The target substances of biomacromolecules are primarily unstable in biological, chemical, and immunological activity, whereby, the standardized substances are obtained with considerable difficulty. We explored the possibility of using a mixed serum sample as a natural reference material for measurement of biomacromolecules in serum. METHODS: Eight serum samples were selected randomly from a clinical laboratory. Then, 2, 4, and 8 serum samples were mixed (in equal quantity) resulting in 4, 2, and 1 sample groups, respectively, to compare mean measurement results of biochemical indices between single samples and mixed samples...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154250/albumin-based-nitric-oxide-traffic-system-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-cancers
#16
REVIEW
Yu Ishima
Biomacromolecules (>40 kDa) have been developed as drug delivery system (DDS) carriers of low-molecular weight drugs to promote these drugs' uptake by cancer tissues via enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects. Human serum albumin (HSA) has been found to accumulate in cancer tissues via this EPR effect. HSA is the most abundant protein in serum, which performs essential physiological functions such as the transportation of many endogenous and exogenous ligands. Nitric oxide (NO) is a very small ligand of HSA; it is a unique and diffusible molecular messenger that plays a central role in mammalian physiology...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153264/preparation-of-a-poly-styrene-co-dpha-co-edma-monolith-and-its-application-for-the-separation-of-small-molecules-and-biomacromolecules-by-hplc
#17
Xixi Wang, Xueying Li, Xiaoya Jiang, Peipei Dong, Haiyan Liu, Ligai Bai, Hongyuan Yan
A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) monolithic column was prepared by redox polymerization of styrene, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate (DPHA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) in a porogen system of n-propanol/PEG400. The monolith was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and the results indicated that the monolith had a stable and homogeneous structure. The porosity of the monolithic column was 75.86% and average pore diameter was 2.1µm...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105835/silver-nanoclusters-beacon-as-stimuli-responsive-versatile-platform-for-multiplex-dnas-detection-and-aptamer-substrate-complexes-sensing
#18
Guoliang Liu, Jingjing Li, Da-Qian Feng, Jun-Jie Zhu, Wei Wang
An activatable silver nanoclusters beacon (ASNCB) was synthesized through a facile one-pot approach and applied for multiplex DNAs, small molecule, and protein sensing. Multifunctional single-stranded DNA sequences are rationally designed and used for ASNCB in situ synthesis. Via target-responsive structure transformation of ASNCB, target recognition induced ASNCB conformational transition and lit up the fluorescent signal of silver nanoclusters. By further implementing two different color ASNCBs (520 and 600 nm), the parallel multiplexed analysis of two target genes (Influenza A virus genes H1N1 and H5N1) is achieved...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105473/recent-applications-of-the-combination-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-with-nucleic-acids-development-of-bioresponsive-devices-carriers-and-sensors
#19
REVIEW
Rafael R Castillo, Alejandro Baeza, María Vallet-Regí
The discovery and control of the biological roles mediated by nucleic acids have turned them into a powerful tool for the development of advanced biotechnological materials. Such is the importance of these gene-keeping biomacromolecules that even nanomaterials have succumbed to the claimed benefits of DNA and RNA. Currently, there could be found in the literature a practically intractable number of examples reporting the use of combination of nanoparticles with nucleic acids, so boundaries are demanded. Following this premise, this review will only cover the most recent and powerful strategies developed to exploit the possibilities of nucleic acids as biotechnological materials when in combination with mesoporous silica nanoparticles...
January 20, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098463/absolute-configuration-of-native-oligomeric-proanthocyanidins-with-dentin-biomodification-potency
#20
Joo-Won Nam, Rasika S Phansalkar, David C Lankin, James B McAlpine, Ariene A Leme-Kraus, Cristina M P Vidal, Li-She Gan, Ana Bedran-Russo, Shao-Nong Chen, Guido F Pauli
The structurally complex oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPACs) are promising biomimetic agents, capable of strengthening the macromolecular backbone of teeth via intermolecular and intermicrofibrillar cross-linking. This study establishes analytical methods capable of determining the absolute configuration of the catechin-type monomeric units of underivatized OPACs. This preserves the capacity of their biological evaluation, aimed at understanding the inevitably stereospecific interactions between the OPACs and dentin collagen...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
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