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Biomacromolecule

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231499/surfactant-cobalt-iii-complexes-the-impact-of-hydrophobicity-on-interaction-with-hsa-and-dna-insights-from-experimental-and-theoretical-approach
#1
Selvakumar Veeralakshmi, Gopal Sabapathi, Selvan Nehru, Ponnambalam Venuvanalingam, Sankaralingam Arunachalam
To develop surfactant-based metallodrugs, it is very important to know about their hydrophobicity, micelle forming capacity, their interaction with biomacromolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids, and biological activities. Here, diethylenetriamine (dien) and tetradecylamine ligand (TA) based surfactant-cobalt(III) complexes with single chain domain, [Co(dien)(TA)Cl2]ClO4 (1) and double chain domain [Co(dien)(TA)2Cl](ClO4)2 (2) were chosen to study the effect of hydrophobicity on the interaction with human serum albumin and calf thymus DNA...
February 16, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206763/rational-design-of-a-polymer-with-robust-efficacy-for-intracellular-protein-and-peptide-delivery
#2
Hong Chang, Jia Lv, Xin Gao, Xing Wang, Hui Wang, Hui Chen, Xu He, Lei Li, Yiyun Cheng
The efficient delivery of biopharmaceutical drugs such as proteins and peptides into the cytosol of target cells poses substantial challenges owing to their large size and susceptibility to degradation. Current protein delivery vehicles have limitations such as the need for protein modification, insufficient delivery of large-size proteins or small peptides, and loss of protein function after the delivery. Here, we adopted a rational approach to design a polymer with robust efficacy for intracellular protein and peptide delivery...
February 20, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194940/dna-duplex-engineering-for-enantioselective-fluorescent-sensor
#3
Yuehua Hu, Fan Lin, Tao Wu, Yufeng Zhou, Qiusha Li, Yong Shao, Zhiai Xu
The rapid identification of biomacromolecule structure that has a specific association with chiral enantiomers especially from natural sources will be helpful in developing enantioselective sensor and in speeding up drug exploitation. Herein, owing to its existence also in living cells, apurinic/apyrimidinic site (AP site) was first engineered into ds-DNA duplex to explore its competence in enantiomer selectivity. An AP site-specific fluorophore was utilized as an enantioselective discrimination probe to develop a straightforward chiral sensor using natural tetrahydropalmatine (L- and D-THP) as enantiomer representatives...
January 30, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177025/stabilization-of-peptides-against-proteolysis-through-disulfide-bridged-conjugation-with-synthetic-aromatics
#4
Yaqi Chen, Tao Li, Jianguo Li, Shiyan Cheng, Jinghui Wang, Chandra Verma, Yibing Zhao, Chuanliu Wu
Peptides have been promising molecular scaffolds for the development of potential therapeutics with high affinity and specificity to biomacromolecules. However, their inherent proteolytic instability significantly hampers their biological applications. Strategies that can stabilize peptides against proteolytic digestion on the basis of noncovalent interactions-without extensive manipulation of the sequence or use of unnatural residues-are greatly desired. In this work, we developed a general, convenient, and efficient strategy for the stabilization of peptides against proteolysis, which involves noncovalent π-π interactions between aromatic amino acid residues in peptides and synthetic electron-deficient aromatics (NDI), together with the implication of steric hindrance (from the bulky NDI moiety), and the enhancement of peptide α-helicity...
February 8, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164550/theoretical-and-experimental-evidence-in-mixed-serum-samples-as-natural-reference-materials-for-measuring-activity-of-biomacromolecules-in-serum
#5
Yang Guang, Dong Feng, Li Yuzhong, Liu Hui
BACKGROUND: The target substances of biomacromolecules are primarily unstable in biological, chemical, and immunological activity, whereby, the standardized substances are obtained with considerable difficulty. We explored the possibility of using a mixed serum sample as a natural reference material for measurement of biomacromolecules in serum. METHODS: Eight serum samples were selected randomly from a clinical laboratory. Then, 2, 4, and 8 serum samples were mixed (in equal quantity) resulting in 4, 2, and 1 sample groups, respectively, to compare mean measurement results of biochemical indices between single samples and mixed samples...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154250/albumin-based-nitric-oxide-traffic-system-for-the-treatment-of-intractable-cancers
#6
REVIEW
Yu Ishima
Biomacromolecules (>40 kDa) have been developed as drug delivery system (DDS) carriers of low-molecular weight drugs to promote these drugs' uptake by cancer tissues via enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effects. Human serum albumin (HSA) has been found to accumulate in cancer tissues via this EPR effect. HSA is the most abundant protein in serum, which performs essential physiological functions such as the transportation of many endogenous and exogenous ligands. Nitric oxide (NO) is a very small ligand of HSA; it is a unique and diffusible molecular messenger that plays a central role in mammalian physiology...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153264/preparation-of-a-poly-styrene-co-dpha-co-edma-monolith-and-its-application-for-the-separation-of-small-molecules-and-biomacromolecules-by-hplc
#7
Xixi Wang, Xueying Li, Xiaoya Jiang, Peipei Dong, Haiyan Liu, Ligai Bai, Hongyuan Yan
A high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) monolithic column was prepared by redox polymerization of styrene, dipentaerythritol hexaacrylate (DPHA) and ethylene glycol dimethacrylate (EDMA) in a porogen system of n-propanol/PEG400. The monolith was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), mercury intrusion porosimetry (MIP) and the results indicated that the monolith had a stable and homogeneous structure. The porosity of the monolithic column was 75.86% and average pore diameter was 2.1µm...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105835/silver-nanoclusters-beacon-as-stimuli-responsive-versatile-platform-for-multiplex-dnas-detection-and-aptamer-substrate-complexes-sensing
#8
Guoliang Liu, Jingjing Li, Da-Qian Feng, Jun-Jie Zhu, Wei Wang
An activatable silver nanoclusters beacon (ASNCB) was synthesized through a facile one-pot approach and applied for multiplex DNAs, small molecule, and protein sensing. Multifunctional single-stranded DNA sequences are rationally designed and used for ASNCB in situ synthesis. Via target-responsive structure transformation of ASNCB, target recognition induced ASNCB conformational transition and lit up the fluorescent signal of silver nanoclusters. By further implementing two different color ASNCBs (520 and 600 nm), the parallel multiplexed analysis of two target genes (Influenza A virus genes H1N1 and H5N1) is achieved...
January 3, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105473/recent-applications-of-the-combination-of-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-with-nucleic-acids-development-of-bioresponsive-devices-carriers-and-sensors
#9
REVIEW
Rafael R Castillo, Alejandro Baeza, María Vallet-Regí
The discovery and control of the biological roles mediated by nucleic acids have turned them into a powerful tool for the development of advanced biotechnological materials. Such is the importance of these gene-keeping biomacromolecules that even nanomaterials have succumbed to the claimed benefits of DNA and RNA. Currently, there could be found in the literature a practically intractable number of examples reporting the use of combination of nanoparticles with nucleic acids, so boundaries are demanded. Following this premise, this review will only cover the most recent and powerful strategies developed to exploit the possibilities of nucleic acids as biotechnological materials when in combination with mesoporous silica nanoparticles...
January 20, 2017: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098463/absolute-configuration-of-native-oligomeric-proanthocyanidins-with-dentin-biomodification-potency
#10
Joo-Won Nam, Rasika S Phansalkar, David C Lankin, James B McAlpine, Ariene A Leme-Kraus, Cristina M P Vidal, Li-She Gan, Ana Bedran-Russo, Shao-Nong Chen, Guido F Pauli
The structurally complex oligomeric proanthocyanidins (OPACs) are promising biomimetic agents, capable of strengthening the macromolecular backbone of teeth via intermolecular and intermicrofibrillar cross-linking. This study establishes analytical methods capable of determining the absolute configuration of the catechin-type monomeric units of underivatized OPACs. This preserves the capacity of their biological evaluation, aimed at understanding the inevitably stereospecific interactions between the OPACs and dentin collagen...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088277/immunoassays-of-chemically-modified-polysaccharides-glycans-in-glycoproteins-and-ribose-in-nucleic-acids
#11
Slađana Strmečki, Mojmír Trefulka, Pavlína Zatloukalová, Michal Durech, Borivoj Vojtesek, Emil Paleček
Glycosylation of proteins plays an important role in health and diseases. At present new simple and inexpensive methods of glycoprotein analysis are sought. We developed a monoclonal antibody Manost 2.1 in mice after immunization with the adduct of mannan with Os(VI)temed complex (temed is N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylenediamine). The specificity of this antibody to different biomolecules treated with Os(VI)temed was tested using dot blot immunoassay. Manost 2.1 showed specificity toward Os(VI)temed-modified polysaccharides, glycoproteins and ribonucleotide at the 3'-end in DNA...
February 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075125/multifunctional-nanoparticles-by-coordinative-self-assembly-of-his-tagged-units-with-metal-organic-frameworks
#12
Ruth Röder, Tobias Preiß, Patrick Hirschle, Benjamin Steinborn, Andreas Zimpel, Miriam Höhn, Joachim O Rädler, Thomas Bein, Ernst Wagner, Stefan Wuttke, Ulrich Lächelt
Self-assembly of individual units into multicomponent complexes is a powerful approach for the generation of functional superstructures. We present the coordinative interaction of oligohistidine-tags (His-tags) with metal-organic framework nanoparticles (MOF NPs). By this novel concept, different molecular units can be anchored on the outer surface of MOF NPs in a self-assembly process generating multifunctional nanosystems. The article focuses on two main objectives: first, the detailed investigation of the assembly process and fundamental establishment of the novel functionalization concept; and second, its subsequent use for the development of biomacromolecule (e...
February 6, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068053/surface-modification-of-gold-nanoparticles-with-small-molecules-for-biochemical-analysis
#13
Yiping Chen, Yunlei Xianyu, Xingyu Jiang
As one of the major tools for and by chemical science, biochemical analysis is becoming increasingly important in fields like clinical diagnosis, food safety, environmental monitoring, and the development of chemistry and biochemistry. The advancement of nanotechnology boosts the development of analytical chemistry, particularly the nanoparticle (NP)-based approaches for biochemical assays. Functional NPs can greatly improve the performance of biochemical analysis because they can accelerate signal transduction, enhance the signal intensity, and enable convenient signal readout due to their unique physical and chemical properties...
January 9, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058783/characterization-of-phase-i-and-phase-ii-hepatic-metabolism-and-reactive-intermediates-of-larrea-nitida-cav-and-its-lignan-compounds
#14
Hyesoo Jeong, Soolin Kim, Jimin Lee, Jin Young Park, Wenmei Zhou, Xiyuan Liu, So Dam Kim, Yun Seon Song, Chang-Young Jang, Sei-Ryang Oh, Sangho Choi, Minsun Chang
Larrea nitida Cav. (LNC), which belongs to the family Zygophyllaceae, is widely indigenous and used in South America to treat various pathological conditions. It contains the antioxidant and antiinflammatory but toxic nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA) as well as O-methylated metabolite of NDGA (MNDGA) as bioactive compounds. The hepatic metabolism-based toxicological potential of extracts of LNC (LNE), NDGA, and MNDGA has not previously been reported. The present study aimed to characterize the phase I and phase II hepatic metabolism and reactive intermediates of LNE, NDGA, and MNDGA and their effects on the major drug-metabolizing enzymes in vitro and ex vivo...
January 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057575/the-preparation-of-poly-%C3%AE-glutamic-acid-nhs-ester-as-a-natural-cross-linking-agent-of-collagen
#15
Junhui Yang, Cuicui Ding, Liulian Huang, Min Zhang, Lihui Chen
γ-PGA-NHS ester, which was prepared using poly(γ-glutamic acid) (γ-PGA) and N-hydroxysuccinimide (NHS) as the raw materials, was synthesized to be a novel cross-linker of collagen. Fourier transform infrared spectra analysis suggested that the products displayed the characteristic absorption peak of ester. Results from nuclear magnetic resonance analysis indicated that the esterification degree of γ-PGA-NHS ester was increased with the increase of NHS. Modified collagen was prepared and characterized. The results of circular dichroism analysis indicated modified collagen retained the triple helix structure of natural collagen...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054487/guanidinium-can-both-cause-and-prevent-the-hydrophobic-collapse-of-biomacromolecules
#16
Jan Heyda, Halil I Okur, Jana Hladílková, Kelvin B Rembert, William Hunn, Tinglu Yang, Joachim Dzubiella, Pavel Jungwirth, Paul S Cremer
A combination of Fourier transform infrared and phase transition measurements as well as molecular computer simulations, and thermodynamic modeling were performed to probe the mechanisms by which guanidinium (Gnd(+)) salts influence the stability of the collapsed versus uncollapsed state of an elastin-like polypeptide (ELP), an uncharged thermoresponsive polymer. We found that the cation's action was highly dependent upon the counteranion with which it was paired. Specifically, Gnd(+) was depleted from the ELP/water interface and was found to stabilize the collapsed state of the macromolecule when paired with well-hydrated anions such as SO4(2-)...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048935/engineered-diblock-polypeptides-improve-dna-and-gold-solubility-during-molecular-assembly
#17
Nicole A Estrich, Armando Hernandez-Garcia, Renko de Vries, Thomas H LaBean
Programmed molecular recognition is being developed for the bionanofabrication of mixed organic/inorganic supramolecular assemblies for applications in electronics, photonics, and medicine. For example, DNA-based nanotechnology seeks to exploit the easily programmed complementary base-pairing of DNA to direct assembly of complex, designed nanostructures. Optimal solution conditions for bionanofabrication, mimicking those of biological systems, may involve high concentrations of biomacromolecules (proteins, nucleic acids, etc...
January 6, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045384/q-r-quantum-based-refinement
#18
Min Zheng, Jeffrey R Reimers, Mark P Waller, Pavel V Afonine
Quantum-based refinement utilizes chemical restraints derived from quantum-chemical methods instead of the standard parameterized library-based restraints used in refinement packages. The motivation is twofold: firstly, the restraints have the potential to be more accurate, and secondly, the restraints can be more easily applied to new molecules such as drugs or novel cofactors. Here, a new project called Q|R aimed at developing quantum-based refinement of biomacromolecules is under active development by researchers at Shanghai University together with PHENIX developers...
January 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section D, Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044252/antibacterial-activity-and-mechanism-of-ag-zno-nanocomposite-against-anaerobic-oral-pathogen-streptococcus-mutans
#19
Shilei Wang, Jie Wu, Hao Yang, Xiangyu Liu, Qiaomu Huang, Zhong Lu
Dental caries is a widespread disease mainly caused by the anaerobic oral pathogen Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans). Ag/ZnO nanocomposite is an efficient antibacterial agent because of its high antibacterial activity and low cytotoxicity. In this study, rod-like Ag/ZnO nanocomposite was synthesized through a deposition-precipitation method and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The activity of Ag/ZnO nanocomposite against S. mutans was evaluated by determining the minimal inhibitory concentration, minimum bactericidal concentration and growth inhibition curve...
January 2017: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043838/fluctuation-matching-approach-for-elastic-network-model-and-structure-based-model-of-biomacromolecules
#20
REVIEW
Christian Domilongo Bope, Dudu Tong, Xiuting Li, Lanyuan Lu
Elastic network models (ENMs) based on simple harmonic potential energy function have been proven over the last decade to be reliable computational models for understanding the intrinsic dynamics of biomacromolecules. In the original ENMs, the spring constants for different contact pairs are assumed to be identical, while there are a number of recent developments to determine non-uniform spring constants from atomistic force fields or experimental information. In particular, the fluctuation matching approaches in coarse-grained modeling can be applied to build more realistic heterogeneous ENMs, using information from an atomistic force field or experimental B-factors...
December 30, 2016: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
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