keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Patient Outcome

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161808/renal-outcome-of-congenital-anomalies-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-system-a-singe-center-retrospective-study
#1
Rahime Renda
BACKGROUND: Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) have been defined in 20 to 50% of all fetal anomalies. The aim of this study was to determine the demographic and clinical characteristics of such patients, as well as to describe the outcome and risk factors that affect the prognosis. METHODS: The analysis investigated retrospective data from 303 patients diagnosed with CAKUT between January 2015 and April 2017. Demographic data, clinical history, diagnosis, investigations, disease outcomes, and treatment procedures were evaluated...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161806/young-academic-urologist-benign-prostatic-obstruction-nomogram-predicts-clinical-outcome-in-patients-treated-with-transurethral-resection-of-prostate-an-italian-cohort-study
#2
Cosimo DE Nunzio, Riccardo Lombardo, Antonio Nacchia, Marianna Deroma, Hassan Alkhatatbeh, Aldo Brassetti, Andrea Tubaro
BACKROUND: Aim of our study was to test the Young Academic Urologist nomogram for the prediction of transurethral resection of prostate outcome in patients with lower urinary tract symptoms and benign prostatic enlargement. METHODS: Between April 2014 and March 2016, a consecutive series of patients with lower urinary tract symptoms undergoing trans-urethral resection of prostate in one center were enrolled. At baseline patients were assessed with international prostate symptom score, prostate specific antigen, prostate volume, transitional zone volume, maximal urinary flow rate and post void residual urine...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161805/robot-assisted-radical-cystectomy-with-totally-intracorporeal-urinary-diversion-initial-single-surgeon-s-experience-after-a-modified-modular-training
#3
Angelo Porreca, Francesco Chessa, Daniele Romagnoli, Antonio Salvaggio, Angelo Cafarelli, Marco Borghesi, Lorenzo Bianchi, Matteo Dandrea, Daniele D'Agostino, Donato Dente, Emanuele Cappa, Peter Wiklund, Eugenio Brunocilla, Riccardo Schiavina
BACKGROUND: To report the perioperative and early functional outcomes of patients undergoing Robot-assisted radical cystectomy (RARC) with totally intracorporeal urinary diversion performed by a single surgeon after a modified modular training. METHODS: The surgeon (A.P.) attained a 30-days modified modular training at a referring Centre mentored by a worldwide-recognized robotic surgeon (P.W.). The training program consisted of: a) e-learning based on 10 hours of theoretical lessons made by the mentor; b) video-session concerning the different steps of the procedure, c) step-by-step in vivo modular training...
November 21, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161794/feasibility-of-temporary-pancreatic-stenting-after-early-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patients-with-acute-biliary-pancreatitis
#4
Jun Kyu Lee, Dong Kee Jang, Hyun Woo Kang, Sang Hyub Lee
Background/Aims: To assess the safety and effectiveness of temporary pancreatic stenting after early endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in patients with acute biliary pancreatitis regardless of the severity or concomitant cholangitis. Methods: Temporary pancreatic stenting was performed in 79 patients with visualized pancreatic duct during ERCP. The outcomes of 64 patients with adequate pancreatic stenting (PS) and 15 patients with inadequate pancreatic stenting (no PS) were compared in this prospective, observational trial...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161788/aggressive-supratentorial-ependymoma-rela-fusion-positive-with-extracranial-metastasis-a-case-report
#5
Seong-Ik Kim, Yoojin Lee, Seung Ki Kim, Hyoung Jin Kang, Sung-Hye Park
Ependymoma is the third most common pediatric primary brain tumor. Ependymomas are categorized according to their locations and genetic abnormalities, and these two parameters are important prognostic factors for patient outcome. For supratentorial (ST) ependymomas, RELA fusion-positive ependymomas show a more aggressive behavior than YAP1 fusion-positive ependymomas. Extracranial metastases of intra-axial neuroepithelial tumors are extremely rare. In this paper, we report a case of aggressive anaplastic ependymoma arising in the right frontoparietal lobe, which had genetically 1q25 gain, CDKN2A homozygous deletion, and L1CAM overexpression...
November 2017: Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161785/intraoperative-mri-for-resection-of-intracranial-meningiomas
#6
Shamik Chakraborty, Salvatore Zavarella, Sussan Salas, Michael Schulder
Objective: To examine whether intraoperative MRI can enhance safety and extent of resection of complex intracranial meningiomas, given its positive role in the resection of malignant brain tumors and pituitary tumors. Methods: Over a ten-year period, 70 operations were performed on 66 patients with intracranial meningiomas using the compact, mobile PoleStar N20 iMRI navigation system. A retrospective review was conducted examining patient demographics, surgical characteristics, and outcomes...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161767/effects-of-different-endurance-exercise-modalities-on-migraine-days-and-cerebrovascular-health-in-episodic-migraineurs-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Henner Hanssen, Alice Minghetti, Stefano Magon, Anja Rossmeissl, Maria Rasenack, Athina Papadopoulou, Christopher Klenk, Oliver Faude, Lukas Zahner, Till Sprenger, Lars Donath
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise training is a promising complementary treatment option in migraine and can reduce migraine days and improve retinal microvascular function. Our aim was to elucidate whether different aerobic exercise programs at high vs. moderate intensities distinctly affect migraine days as primary outcome and retinal vessel parameters as a secondary. METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, migraine days were recorded by a validated migraine diary in 45 migraineurs of which 36 (female: 28; age: 36 (SD:10)/ BMI: 23...
November 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161761/pelvic-local-recurrence-from-colorectal-cancer-surgical-challenge-with-changing-preconditions
#8
Henrik Iversen, Anna Martling, Hemming Johansson, Per J Nilsson, Torbjörn Holm
AIM: Although the rate of local recurrence (LR) after colorectal cancer surgery has decreased, it still poses major surgical and oncological challenges. The aim of this study, based on an audit from a tertiary referral center, was to evaluate determinants associated with outcomes after surgery for pelvic LR and how these have changed over time. METHOD: Retrospective analysis of all resections for pelvic LR of colorectal cancer performed at the Karolinska University Hospital from January 2003 until August 2009 (period 1) and September 2009 until November 2013 (period 2)...
November 21, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161757/impact-of-cyp3a5-genomic-variances-on-clinical-outcomes-among-african-american-kidney-transplant-recipients
#9
Tomefa E Asempa, Lorita M Rebellato, Suzanne Hudson, Kimberly Briley, Angela Q Maldonado
Little is known about the impact of CYP3A5 polymorphisms on transplantation outcomes among African-American (AA) kidney transplant recipients. To assess this issue, clinical outcomes were compared between AA CYP3A5*1 expressers versus non-expressers. This retrospective cohort study analyzed AA kidney transplant recipients. Biopsy-proven acute rejection (BPAR), delayed graft function (DGF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), infections and tacrolimus dosing requirements were examined in 106 immunologically high-risk AA kidney transplant patients over a 2 year follow-up period...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161751/the-jellyfish-sign-a-new-sonographic-cervical-marker-to%C3%A2-predict-maternal-morbidity-in-abnormally-invasive-placenta-previa
#10
Emma Bertucci, Filomena Giulia Sileo, Giovanni Grandi, Valentina Fenu, Carlotta Cani, Luciano Mancini, Ema Mataca, Fabio Facchinetti
Purpose To investigate the value of a new cervical sonographic sign, called the jellyfish sign (JS), for predicting the risk of maternal morbidity in cases of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) previa totalis. Materials and Methods Retrospective evaluation of transvaginal (TV) and transabdominal (TA) scans performed in all singleton pregnancies with placenta previa totalis. JS, i. e. the absence of the normal linear demarcation between the placenta previa and the cervix, was evaluated by TV scans. The presence/severity of AIP and outcomes of maternal morbidity were related to this sign...
November 21, 2017: Ultraschall in der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161749/role-of-drug-anesthesia-and-cancer
#11
Mahmoud Reza Moradkhani, Arash Karimi
Mortality and morbidity rate among cancer patients is at an alarming rate and its ratio of incidence is increasing as a result of its effects of metastasis and recurrence in its patients. Anesthetists are faced with the challenges daily of handling and treating cancer patients, for surgical resection to removal of the primary tumor. Retrospective analyses and studies have proposed a link between anesthetic technique and cancer outcomes. In this mini-review, we will give a summary of some of the available effects of anesthetic and analgesic techniques on cancer metastasis as derived from experimental cell culture and live animal data and also from clinical studies...
November 21, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161722/the-impact-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-%C3%AE-and-interleukin-1%C3%AE-levels-and-polymorphisms-on-long-term-stroke-outcomes
#12
Ju-Wan Kim, Man-Seok Park, Joon-Tae Kim, Hee-Ju Kang, Kyung-Yeol Bae, Sung-Wan Kim, Myung-Geun Shin, Ki-Hyun Cho, Jae-Min Kim
BACKGROUND: The accuracy of predictions regarding disability that sets in after stroke could be improved by using blood biomarker measurements. This study aimed to investigate the roles of serum tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin (IL)-1β concentrations and polymorphisms in stroke outcomes. METHODS: In total, 286 patients were evaluated at the time of admission and at 2 weeks after stroke, and 222 of these patients (78%) were followed up for 1 year to evaluate the consequences of stroke during both the acute and chronic stages...
November 21, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161717/subconjunctival-prgf-fibrin-membrane-as-an-adjuvant-to-nonpenetrating-deep-sclerectomy-a-2-year-pilot-study
#13
Iñaki Rodríguez-Agirretxe, Vanesa Freire, Francisco Muruzabal, Gorka Orive, Eduardo Anitua, Elio Díez-Feijóo, Arantxa Acera
PURPOSE: To evaluate the potential role of the autologous PRGF (plasma rich in growth factors) fibrin membrane in tissue regeneration after glaucoma filtering surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ten patients with medically uncontrolled primary open-angle glaucoma underwent nonpenetrating deep sclerectomy and were treated with PRGF fibrin membrane as adjuvant. Intraocular pressure reduction was the primary outcome. This variable was measured preoperatively and also at each follow-up visit...
November 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161706/endotoxin-effects-on-cardiac-and-renal-functions-and-cardiorenal-syndromes
#14
Grazia Maria Virzì, Anna Clementi, Alessandra Brocca, Claudio Ronco
Gram-negative sepsis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in critical ill patients. Recent findings in molecular biology and in signaling pathways have enhanced our understanding of its pathogenesis and opened up opportunities of innovative therapeutic approaches. Endotoxin plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of multi-organ dysfunction in the setting of gram-negative sepsis. Indeed, heart and kidney impairments seem to be induced by the release of circulating pro-inflammatory and pro-apoptotic mediators triggered by endotoxin interaction with immune cells...
November 22, 2017: Blood Purification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161704/long-term-renal-and-cardiac-outcomes-after-stenting-in-patients-with-resistant-hypertension-and-atherosclerotic-renal-artery-stenosis
#15
Cristiana Catena, GianLuca Colussi, Gabriele Brosolo, Nicolas Verheyen, Marileda Novello, Nicole Bertin, Alessandro Cavarape, Leonardo A Sechi
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Atherosclerotic renal artery stenosis (ARAS) is frequently detected in patients with resistant hypertension (RHTN), but the evidence supporting the utility of renal revascularization in these patients is limited. This prospective, observational study investigates the outcomes of renal stenting in patients with RHTN and hemodynamically significant ARAS. METHODS: Fifty-four patients with RHTN were selected because of angiographic evidence of ARAS >70% and were followed for 4 years after renal stenting...
November 21, 2017: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161693/long-term-outcomes-of-ischemic-stroke-of-undetermined-mechanism-a-population-based-prospective-cohort
#16
Negar Morovatdar, Amanda G Thrift, Moira K Kapral, Réza Behrouz, Hamidreza Saber, Amin Amiri, Mohammad Taghi Farzadfard, Naghmeh Mokhber, Saverio Stranges, Mahmoud Reza Azarpazhooh
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Little is known about the short- and long-term outcomes of ischemic stroke of undetermined mechanism (ISUM). METHODS: Subjects were recruited from the Mashhad Stroke Incidence Study. Ischemic stroke (IS) was classified on the basis of the TOAST criteria. We further categorized patients with ISUM into ISUMneg (negative clinical/test results for large artery, small artery) and ISUMinc (incomplete investigations). Cox proportional hazard models and the competing-risk regression model were used to compare 1 and 5 years mortality (all-causes) and recurrent rate among IS subtypes...
November 21, 2017: Neuroepidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161689/interactive-effectiveness-of-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-or-their-combination-on-survival-of-hemodialysis-patients
#17
Ryo Kido, Tadao Akizawa, Masafumi Fukagawa, Yoshihiro Onishi, Takuhiro Yamaguchi, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Does the use of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers individually or as a combination confer a survival benefit in hemodialysis patients? The answer to this question is yet unclear. METHODS: We performed a case-cohort study using data from the Mineral and Bone Disorder Outcomes Study for Japanese CKD stage 5D patients (MBD-5D), a 3-year multicenter prospective case-cohort study, including 8,229 hemodialysis patients registered from 86 facilities in Japan...
November 21, 2017: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161674/deep-brain-stimulation-of-the-subcallosal-cingulate-gyrus-in-patients-with-treatment-resistant-depression-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-study-and-long-term-follow-up-in-eight-patients
#18
Angela Merkl, Sabine Aust, Gerd-Helge Schneider, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Andreas Horn, Andrea A Kühn, Jens Kuhn, Malek Bajbouj
BACKGROUND: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subcallosal cingulate gyrus (SCG) is an experimental approach in treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Short-term results of efficacy in DBS are incongruent and studies investigating long-term effects are warranted. METHODS: We assessed efficacy of SCG-DBS in eight patients randomized into a delayed-onset group (sham-DBS four weeks) and a non-delayed-onset group. The primary outcome measure was improvement on the Hamilton Depression Rating-Scale (HAMD-24-item-version)...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161668/patterns-of-c-reactive-protein-ratio-response-to-antibiotics-in-pediatric-sepsis-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Vanessa Soares Lanziotti, Pedro Póvoa, Arnaldo Prata-Barbosa, Lucas Berbet Pulcheri, Ligia S C F Rabello, José Roberto Lapa E Silva, Marcio Soares, Jorge I F Salluh
PURPOSE: Evaluate sequential C-reactive protein (CRP) measurements and patterns of CRP-ratio response to antibiotic therapy during first 7days in Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of septic children. METHODS: Prospective, cohort study of children (1month-12years) admitted at 3 PICUs, with diagnosis of sepsis with <72h course. CRP-ratio was calculated in relation to D0_CRP value. Children were classified according to an individual pattern of CRP-ratio response: fast - CRP_D4 of therapy was <0...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161667/pre-hospital-frailty-and-hospital-outcomes-in-adults-with-acute-respiratory-failure-requiring-mechanical-ventilation
#20
Aluko A Hope, Oriade Adeoye, Elizabeth H Chuang, S J Hsieh, Hayley B Gershengorn, Michelle N Gong
PURPOSE: We aimed to estimate the independent effect of pre-hospital frailty (PHF) on hospital mortality and prolonged hospital length of stay (pLOS) while adjusting for other patient level factors. METHODS: This is a cohort study of hospitalized adults with acute respiratory failure (ARF) who required invasive mechanical ventilation for ≥24h in 2013. We used inpatient/outpatient claims from a list of diagnoses from the year before index hospital admission to define PHF...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
keyword
keyword
106513
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"