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isoflurane cardiac protection

Derek R Laver, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Anthony W Quail
BACKGROUND: Halogenated anesthetics activate cardiac ryanodine receptor 2-mediated sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca release, leading to sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca depletion, reduced cardiac function, and providing cell protection against ischemia-reperfusion injury. Anesthetic activation of ryanodine receptor 2 is poorly defined, leaving aspects of the protective mechanism uncertain. METHODS: Ryanodine receptor 2 from the sheep heart was incorporated into artificial lipid bilayers, and their gating properties were measured in response to five halogenated anesthetics...
March 2017: Anesthesiology
Tomoko Mutoh, Tatsushi Mutoh, Kazuhiro Nakamura, Yukiko Yamamoto, Yoshiharu Tsuru, Hirokazu Tsubone, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Yasuyuki Taki
Early brain injury/ischemia (EBI) is a serious complication early after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that contributes to development of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). This study aimed to determine the role of inotropic cardiac support using milrinone (MIL) on restoring acute cerebral hypoperfusion attributable to EBI and improving outcomes after experimental SAH. Forty-three male C57BL/6 mice were assigned to either sham surgery (SAH-sham), SAH induced by endovascular perforation plus postconditioning with 2% isoflurane (Control), or SAH plus isoflurane combined with MIL with and without hypoxia-inducible factor inhibitor (HIF-I) pretreatment...
December 23, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology
Che-Hao Hsu, Yung-Chi Hsu, Go-Shine Huang, Chih-Cherng Lu, Shung-Tai Ho, Wen-Jinn Liaw, Yi-Ting Tsai, Chih-Yuan Lin, Chien-Sung Tsai, Tso-Chou Lin
Inhalation anesthetics provide myocardial protection for cardiac surgery. This study was undertaken to compare the perioperative effects between isoflurane and fentanyl-midazolam-based anesthesia for heart transplantation. A retrospective cohort study was conducted by reviewing the medical records of heart transplantation in a single medical center from 1990 to 2013. Patients receiving isoflurane or fentanyl-midazolam-based anesthesia were included. Those with preoperative severe pulmonary, hepatic, or renal comorbidities were excluded...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Li Ma, Jiang Zhu, Qun Gao, Mario J Rebecchi, Qiang Wang, Lixin Liu
We previously reported that pretreatment with the potent antioxidant TEMPOL improves mitochondrial function and restores preconditioning in the aging heart. Because mitophagy is implicated in cardiac preconditioning and declines with age, this study was designed to investigate how age influences mitophagy in response to preconditioning and whether TEMPOL pretreatment improves it. Old (22-24 months) rats were pretreated with or without 4-week TEMPOL and compared with young (4-6 months) untreated rats. Cardioprotection induced by isoflurane (ISO) in vivo and in isolated cardiomyocytes in vitro was assessed following ischemia/reperfusion and simulated hypoxia/reoxygenation, respectively...
August 26, 2016: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
C M Loughran, A L Raisis, G Hosgood, C J Secombe, G D Lester
REASON FOR PERFORMING THE STUDY: Cardiac output does not always increase with dobutamine administration in anaesthetised horses and information on peripheral perfusion is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of intravenous dobutamine infusion with and without a concurrent 20 mL/kg bodyweight bolus of crystalloid fluids on the cardiovascular function of acepromazine premedicated, hypotensive, isoflurane-anaesthetised horses. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised, crossover experiment...
June 28, 2016: Equine Veterinary Journal
Han Huang, Cheng Zhou, Jin Liu, Haibo Song, Yan Qiu
This study investigated whether caridoplegia solution with Emulsified Isoflurane (EI) could improve cardiaoprotection in a dog CPB model of great similarity to clinical settings. Adult dogs were randomly assigned to receive one of the following cardioplegia solutions: St. Thomas with EI (group ST+EI), St. Thomas with 30% Intralipid (group ST+EL) and St. Thomas alone (group ST). The aorta was cross-clamped for two hours followed by reperfusion for another two hours, during which cardiac output was measured and dosages of positive inotropic agent to maintain normal hemodynamics were recorded...
2016: Scientific Reports
Tomoko Mutoh, Tatsushi Mutoh, Kazumasu Sasaki, Yukiko Yamamoto, Yoshiharu Tsuru, Hirokazu Tsubone, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Yasuyuki Taki
AIMS: Neurocardiac dysfunction is a life-threatening systemic consequence of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that contributes to triggering delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). This study aimed to determine the impact of dobutamine cardiac support during isoflurane postconditioning on post-SAH DCI. MAIN METHODS: Male C57BL/6 mice were subjected to SAH, SAH plus isoflurane postconditioning, or SAH plus isoflurane postconditioning with dobutamine. Severity of SAH was graded from 1 to 4 (mild, 1-2; severe, 3-4) based on T2*-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)...
May 15, 2016: Life Sciences
In-Ae Song, Ah-Young Oh, Jin-Hee Kim, Young-Min Choi, Young-Tae Jeon, Jung-Hee Ryu, Jung-Won Hwang
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic preconditioning can improve survival of cardiac progenitor cells exposed to oxidative stress. We investigated the role of protein kinase C and isoform protein kinase C-ε in isoflurane-induced preconditioning of cardiac progenitor cells exposed to oxidative stress. METHODS: Cardiac progenitor cells were obtained from undifferentiated human embryonic stem cells. Immunostaining with anti-Nkx2.5 was used to confirm the differentiated cardiac progenitor cells...
February 20, 2016: BMC Anesthesiology
Yan Wang, Haobo Li, Huansen Huang, Shiming Liu, Xiaowen Mao, Sheng Wang, Stanley Sau-Ching Wong, Zhengyuan Xia, Michael G Irwin
Isoflurane postconditioning (IsoPostC) attenuates myocardial ischaemia/reperfusion injury (IRI). Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) is critical in ischaemic postconditioning cardioprotection, which can be regulated by the Brahma-related gene (Brg1) and nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2), although they are both reduced in diabetic hearts. We hypothesized that reduced Brg1/Nrf2 and STAT3 activation may jeopardize IsoPostC-mediated cardioprotection in diabetic hearts. In the present study, Langendorff-perfused, non-diabetic (control) and 8-week-old streptozotocin-induced Type 1 diabetic rat hearts were subjected to 30 min of global ischaemia and 120 min of reperfusion without or with IsoPostC, which was achieved by administering emulsified isoflurane (2...
May 1, 2016: Clinical Science (1979-)
Jeffrey Hatcher, He Gu, Zixi Jack Cheng
Overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS), such as the superoxide radical (O2 (∙-)), is associated with diseases which compromise cardiac autonomic function. Overexpression of SOD1 may offer protection against ROS damage to the cardiac autonomic nervous system, but reductions of O2 (∙-) may interfere with normal cellular functions. We have selected the C57B6SJL-Tg (SOD1)2 Gur/J mouse as a model to determine whether SOD1 overexpression alters cardiac autonomic function, as measured by baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and aortic depressor nerve (ADN) recordings, as well as evaluation of baseline heart rate (HR) and mean arterial pressure (MAP)...
2016: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
K Hopster, A Wogatzki, F Geburek, P Conze, S B R Kästner
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: High airway pressures, necessary to keep equine lungs open, can have a detrimental impact on central and peripheral perfusion. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the effects of stepwise increasing airway pressure recruitment on central and intestinal perfusion and oxygenation during isoflurane anaesthesia in horses. STUDY DESIGN: In vivo experimental study. METHODS: Ten anaesthetised horses were ventilated using intermittent positive pressure ventilation immediately after induction...
March 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
David M Ansley, Koen Raedschelders, Peter T Choi, Baohua Wang, Richard C Cook, David D Y Chen
PURPOSE: The efficacy of myocardial conditioning strategies is compromised in patients with advanced age, diabetes, or low ejection fraction. We conducted a single-centre parallel-arm blinded randomized-controlled trial to determine whether propofol provides perioperative myocardial protection. METHODS: Patients enrolled in this study were scheduled for primary aortocoronary bypass surgery utilizing normothermic cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) with blood cardioplegia...
April 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Meng Liu, Hao Zhang, Qingqing Zhang, Caiguo Huang, Xueyin Shi
Preconditioning with ischemia/hypoxia (IPC/HPC) or clinically available volatile anesthetics such as isoflurane (Iso-PC) could activate cardioprotective signaling pathways, thereby reducing myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury. However, their molecular targets remain elusive. We herein investigated the roles of syntaxin 1A (Stx-1A) in cardiomyocyte protection induced by HPC and Iso-PC. Both in vivo myocardial IR model and in vitro cardiomyocyte hypoxia/reoxygenation (HR) model were used to test the effects of IR/HR, IPC/HPC and Iso-PC on Stx-1A protein expression...
2015: American Journal of Translational Research
Shigang Qiao, Jessica M Olson, Mark Paterson, Yasheng Yan, Ivan Zaja, Yanan Liu, Matthias L Riess, Judy R Kersten, Mingyu Liang, David C Warltier, Zeljko J Bosnjak, Zhi-Dong Ge
BACKGROUND: The role of microRNA-21 in isoflurane-induced cardioprotection is unknown. The authors addressed this issue by using microRNA-21 knockout mice and explored the underlying mechanisms. METHODS: C57BL/6 and microRNA-21 knockout mice were echocardiographically examined. Mouse hearts underwent 30 min of ischemia followed by 2 h of reperfusion in vivo or ex vivo in the presence or absence of 1.0 minimum alveolar concentration of isoflurane administered before ischemia...
October 2015: Anesthesiology
Jacob Raphael, Yaacov Gozal, Nachum Navot, Zhiyi Zuo
BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia is known to inhibit myocardial anesthetic postconditioning. The authors tested whether activation of adenosine triphosphate-regulated potassium (KATP) channels would restore anesthetic postconditioning during acute hyperglycemia. METHODS: Rabbits subjected to 40-min myocardial ischemia and 3-h reperfusion (ischemia-reperfusion [I/R]) were assigned to groups (n = 10 in each group) with or without isoflurane postconditioning (2.1% for 5 min) in the presence or absence of hyperglycemia and/or the KATP channel agonist diazoxide...
June 2015: Anesthesiology
Jessica M Olson, Yasheng Yan, Xiaowen Bai, Zhi-Dong Ge, Mingyu Liang, Alison J Kriegel, Danielle M Twaroski, Zeljko J Bosnjak
BACKGROUND: Anesthetic cardioprotection reduces myocardial infarct size after ischemia-reperfusion injury. Currently, the role of microRNA in this process remains unknown. MicroRNAs are short, noncoding nucleotide sequences that negatively regulate gene expression through degradation or suppression of messenger RNA. In this study, the authors uncovered the functional role of microRNA-21 (miR-21) up-regulation after anesthetic exposure. METHODS: MicroRNA and messenger RNA expression changes were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction in cardiomyocytes after exposure to isoflurane...
April 2015: Anesthesiology
Ya-Jie Zhang, Meng-Jun Wu, Yi Li, Hai Yu
Although improvement in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) performance and the increasing success at achieving return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) have been possible in recent years, the survival and discharge rates of post-cardiac arrest (CA) patients remain disappointing. The high mortality rate is attributed to whole-body ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) induced multi-organ dysfunction that is well known as post-cardiac arrest syndrome. Post-cardiac arrest myocardial dysfunction and brain injury are the main clinical features of this complex pathophysiological process...
January 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Christopher Lotz, Jun Zhang, Caiyun Fang, David Liem, Peipei Ping
BACKGROUND: Isoflurane has been demonstrated to limit myocardial ischemic injury. This effect is hypothesized to be mediated in part via effects on mitochondria. We investigated the hypothesis that isoflurane maintains mitochondrial respiratory chain functionality, in turn limiting mitochondrial damage and mitochondrial membrane disintegration during myocardial ischemic injury. METHODS: Mice (9-12 weeks of age) received isoflurane (1.0 minimum alveolar concentration) 36 hours before a 30-minute coronary artery occlusion that was followed by 24 hours of reperfusion...
February 2015: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Noboru Hatakeyama, Naoyuki Matsuda
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is triggered by various factors such as surgical operation, trauma, burn injury, ischemia, pancreatitis and bacterial translocation. Sepsis is a SIRS associated with bacterial infection. SIRS and sepsis tend to trigger excessive production of inflammatory cytokines and other inflammatory molecules and induce multiple organ failure, such as acute lung injury, acute kidney injury and inflammatory cardiac injury. Epithelial and endothelial cells in some major organs express inflammatory receptors on the plasma membrane and work as alert cells for inflammation, and regulation of these alert cells could have a relieving effect on the inflammatory response...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Bjorn Redfors, Jonatan Oras, Yangzhen Shao, Helene Seemann-Lodding, Sven-Erik Ricksten, Elmir Omerovic
BACKGROUND: Stress-induced cardiomyopathy (SIC) is a common syndrome with substantial morbidity and mortality. SIC is common in intensive care units' patients. No therapeutic intervention for SIC has been evaluated in randomized clinical trial so far. Our aim was to investigate whether isoflurane is cardioprotective in an experimental SIC model. METHODS: We induced SIC-like cardiac dysfunction in rats with intraperitoneal injection of isoprenaline (50 mg/kg) and performed this study in two parts...
October 20, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
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