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Molecular biology and breast cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431341/eco-friendly-synthesis-of-novel-cyanopyridine-derivatives-and-their-anticancer-and-pim-1-kinase-inhibitory-activities
#1
Khaled A M Abouzid, Ghada H Al-Ansary, Abeer M El-Naggar
Targeting Pim-1 kinase recently proved to be profitable for conquering cancer proliferation. In the current study, we report the design, synthesis and biological evaluation of two novel series of 2-amino cyanopyridine series (5a-g) and 2-oxocyanopyridine series (6a-g) targeting Pim-1 kinase. All of the newly synthesized compounds were evaluated for their in vitro anticancer activity against a panel of three cell lines, namely, the liver cancer cell line (HepG2), the colon cancer cell line (HCT-116) and the breast cancer cell line (MCF-7)...
April 14, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431312/melatonin-charge-transfer-complex-with-2-3-dichloro-5-6-dicyano-1-4-benzoquinone-molecular-structure-dft-studies-thermal-analyses-evaluation-of-biological-activity-and-utility-for-determination-of-melatonin-in-pure-and-dosage-forms
#2
Gehad G Mohamed, Maher M Hamed, Nadia G Zaki, Mohamed M Abdou, Marwa El-Badry Mohamed, Abanoub Mosaad Abdallah
A simple, accurate and fast spectrophotometric method for the quantitative determination of melatonin (ML) drug in its pure and pharmaceutical forms was developed based on the formation of its charge transfer complex with 2,3-dichloro-5,6-dicyano-1,4-benzoquinone (DDQ) as an electron acceptor. The different conditions for this method were optimized accurately. The Lambert-Beer's law was found to be valid over the concentration range of 4-100μgmL(-1) ML. The solid form of the CT complex was structurally characterized by means of different spectral methods...
April 4, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427525/precision-medicine-for-early-breast-cancer-radiotherapy-opening-up-new-horizons
#3
REVIEW
Jacques Bernier
So far most efforts put forth to test the value of predictive and prognostic tools in the field of breast radiotherapy remained globally disappointing, or at least below the convincing levels reached for systemic therapy. Nevertheless the addition of predictive tools to the clinical armament tends to prevail over the use of the sole prognostic factors, also in radiotherapy. A number of predictive assays, clinically validated or not, have recently elicited significant associations between molecular profiles and tumor biological aggressiveness and/or radiosensitivity levels...
May 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423538/gene-regulatory-pattern-analysis-reveals-essential-role-of-core-transcriptional-factors-activation-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#4
Li Min, Cheng Zhang, Like Qu, Jialiang Huang, Lan Jiang, Jiafei Liu, Luca Pinello, Guo-Cheng Yuan, Chengchao Shou
BACKGROUND: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is an aggressive breast cancer subtype. Genome-scale molecular characteristics and regulatory mechanisms that distinguish TNBC from other subtypes remain incompletely characterized. RESULTS: By combining gene expression analysis and PANDA network, we defined three different TF regulatory patterns. A core TNBC-Specific TF Activation Driven Pattern (TNBCac) was specifically identified in TNBC by computational analysis...
March 28, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414093/imbalance-in-leptin-adiponectin-levels-and-leptin-receptor-expression-as-chief-contributors-to-triple-negative-breast-cancer-progression-in-northeast-india
#5
Rizwana Sultana, Amal Ch Kataki, Bibhuti Bhusan Borthakur, Tarun K Basumatary, Sujoy Bose
BACKGROUND: Triple-Negative breast cancer (TNBC), accounts for a large percentage of breast cancer cases in India including Northeast India. TNBC has an unclear molecular aetiology and hence limited targeted therapies. Human breast is comprised of glandular, ductal, connective, and adipose tissues. Adipose tissue is composed of adipocytes. The adipocytes apart from being energy storage depots, are also active sources of adipocytokines and/or adipokines. The role of adipokines in breast cancer including TNBC has been sporadically documented...
April 14, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412736/tumor-biology-clinicopathological-characteristics-and-prognosis-of-screen-detected-t1-invasive-non-palpable-breast-cancer-in-asymptomatic-chinese-women-2001-2014
#6
Bo Pan, Ru Yao, Yi-Dong Zhou, Qing-Li Zhu, Jie Shi, Qian-Qian Xu, Chang-Jun Wang, Shan-Shan You, Feng Mao, Yan Lin, Song-Jie Shen, Zhi-Yong Liang, Yu-Xin Jiang, Qiang Sun
BACKGROUND: Mammography screening usually detects low-risk breast cancer in the western world. However, little is known about the ultrasound and mammography screen-detected T1 invasive non-palpable breast cancer (NPBC) in asymptomatic Chinese women. RESULTS: With the increase of tumor size (T1a, b, c), lymph node positivity (8.7%, 18.3%, 26.0%, p = 0.018), pN (p = 0.028) and TNM stage (p = 0.035) increased accordingly. Tumor size (T1a, b, c) was correlated with high Ki-67 index (defined as ≥ 14%, 37...
February 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400203/transcriptomic-and-genomic-features-of-invasive-lobular-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Christine Desmedt, Gabriele Zoppoli, Christos Sotiriou, Roberto Salgado
Accounting for 10% to 15% of all breast neoplasms, invasive lobular breast cancer (ILC) is the second most common histological subtype of breast cancer after invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC). Understanding ILC biology, which differs from IDC in terms of clinical presentation, treatment response, relapse timing and patterns, is essential in order to adopt novel, disease-specific management strategies. While the contribution of the histological subtypes to tumor biology has been poorly investigated and acknowledged in the past, recently several major, independent efforts have led to the assembly and molecular characterization of well-annotated ILBCILC case sets...
April 8, 2017: Seminars in Cancer Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383549/cpla2%C3%AE-mediates-tgf-%C3%AE-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-in-breast-cancer-through-pi3k-akt-signaling
#8
Lu Chen, Hui Fu, Yi Luo, Liwei Chen, Runfen Cheng, Ning Zhang, Hua Guo
A high incidence of tumor recurrence and metastasis has been reported in breast cancer patients; nevertheless, the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely unknown. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), which is induced by transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), has been implicated in tumorigenesis and breast cancer metastasis. EMT events are now directly associated with tumor metastasis, and this progress is dependent on the inflammatory microenvironment. Cytosolic phospholipase A2α (cPLA2α) has been shown to participate in a series of biological processes including inflammation and cancer development...
April 6, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382865/multitargeted-molecular-docking-study-of-natural-derived-alkaloids-on-breast-cancer-pathway-components
#9
Ramit Singla, Vikas Jaitak
BACKGROUND: Targeting of multiple sites is a pharmacologically, pharmacokinetic and dynamically more acceptable approach for complex diseases such as BC. It is recommended that the women who are at high risk of developing BC might be given foods enhanced by indole alkaloids from vegetables like cabbage and broccoli. Administration of indole-3-carbinol is associated with decreased incidence of hormone-responsive BC (HRBC) which is implicated due to the induction of cytochrome P450 and glutathione-S-transferase which metabolizes chemical mutagens and by altering estrogen metabolism...
April 6, 2017: Current Computer-aided Drug Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382476/regulation-of-matrix-stiffness-on-the-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-of-breast-cancer-cells-under-hypoxia-environment
#10
Yonggang Lv, Can Chen, Boyuan Zhao, Xiaomei Zhang
Substrate stiffness and hypoxia are associated with tumor development and progression, respectively. However, the synergy of them on the biological behavior of human breast cancer cell is still largely unknown. This study explored how substrate stiffness regulates the cell phenotype, viability, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of human breast cancer cells MCF-7 under hypoxia (1% O2). TRITC-phalloidin staining showed that MCF-7 cells transformed from round to irregular polygon with stiffness increase either in normoxia or hypoxia...
June 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377598/highly-sensitive-capture-of-circulating-tumor-cells-using-micro-ellipse-filters
#11
Hongmei Chen, Baoshan Cao, Bo Sun, Yapeng Cao, Ke Yang, Yu-Sheng Lin, Hongda Chen
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) detection, enumeration and characterization with microfluidic chips has critical significance in cancer prognosis offering a non-invasive "liquid biopsy". Based on physical differences of size and deformability, we explore micro-ellipse filters consisting of microfuidic slits in series gradually narrowed. Slender tunnels sensitively capture tumor cells with slim chance to escape. Tumor cells could reside at capture sites organized by arrays of micro-ellipse microposts enduring less stress...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376728/comparison-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-molecular-subtyping-using-rna-from-matched-fresh-frozen-versus-formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded-tissue
#12
Bojana Jovanović, Quanhu Sheng, Robert S Seitz, Kasey D Lawrence, Stephan W Morris, Lance R Thomas, David R Hout, Brock L Schweitzer, Yan Guo, Jennifer A Pietenpol, Brian D Lehmann
BACKGROUND: Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease that lacks unifying molecular alterations that can guide therapy decisions. We previously identified distinct molecular subtypes of TNBC (TNBCtype) using gene expression data generated on a microarray platform using frozen tumor specimens. Tumors and cell lines representing the identified subtypes have distinct enrichment in biologically relevant transcripts with differing sensitivity to standard chemotherapies and targeted agents...
April 4, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376490/overexpression-of-foxm1-is-a-potential-prognostic-marker-in-male-breast-cancer
#13
Syrine Abdeljaoued, Ilhem Bettaieb, Meher Nasri, Olfa Adouni, Aida Goucha, Olfa El Amine, Hammouda Boussen, Khaled Rahal, Amor Gamoudi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have outlined biological differences between female and male breast cancer (MBC) and concluded that MBC should be considered as an entirely separate disease. Whether FOXM1 has any indication for prognosis in MBC patients remains unknown. We sought to examine the expression levels of FOXM1 in MBC and to identify the relationship between FOXM1 expression and patient survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS: FOXM1 expression was evaluated in a total of 130 MBC specimens...
2017: Oncology Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373404/precancer-atlas-to-drive-precision-prevention-trials
#14
Avrum Spira, Matthew B Yurgelun, Ludmil Alexandrov, Anjana Rao, Rafael Bejar, Kornelia Polyak, Marios Giannakis, Ali Shilatifard, Olivera J Finn, Madhav Dhodapkar, Neil E Kay, Esteban Braggio, Eduardo Vilar, Sarah A Mazzilli, Timothy R Rebbeck, Judy E Garber, Victor E Velculescu, Mary L Disis, Douglas C Wallace, Scott M Lippman
Cancer development is a complex process driven by inherited and acquired molecular and cellular alterations. Prevention is the holy grail of cancer elimination, but making this a reality will take a fundamental rethinking and deep understanding of premalignant biology. In this Perspective, we propose a national concerted effort to create a Precancer Atlas (PCA), integrating multi-omics and immunity - basic tenets of the neoplastic process. The biology of neoplasia caused by germline mutations has led to paradigm-changing precision prevention efforts, including: tumor testing for mismatch repair (MMR) deficiency in Lynch syndrome establishing a new paradigm, combinatorial chemoprevention efficacy in familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), signal of benefit from imaging-based early detection research in high-germline risk for pancreatic neoplasia, elucidating early ontogeny in BRCA1-mutation carriers leading to an international breast cancer prevention trial, and insights into the intricate germline-somatic-immunity interaction landscape...
April 1, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28370412/pthrp-12-48-modulates-the-bone-marrow-microenvironment-and-suppresses-human-osteoclast-differentiation-and-lifespan
#15
Archana Kamalakar, Charity L Washam, Nisreen S Akel, Bethany J Allen, Diarra K Williams, Frances L Swain, Kim Leitzel, Alan Lipton, Dana Gaddy, Larry J Suva
Bone is a common site for metastasis in breast cancer patients and is associated with a series of complications which significantly compromise patient survival, partially due to the advanced stage of disease at the time of detection. Currently, no clinically-approved biomarkers can identify or predict the development of bone metastasis. We recently identified a unique peptide fragment of parathyroid hormone-related protein (PTHrP), PTHrP(12-48), as a validated serum biomarker in breast cancer patients that correlates with and predicts the presence of bone metastases...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365159/genetic-alterations-in-the-molecular-subtypes-of-bladder-cancer-illustration-in-the-cancer-genome-atlas-dataset
#16
REVIEW
Woonyoung Choi, Andrea Ochoa, David J McConkey, Mattias Aine, Mattias Höglund, William Y Kim, Francisco X Real, Anne E Kiltie, Ian Milsom, Lars Dyrskjøt, Seth P Lerner
CONTEXT: Recent whole genome mRNA expression profiling studies revealed that bladder cancers can be grouped into molecular subtypes, some of which share clinical properties and gene expression patterns with the intrinsic subtypes of breast cancer and the molecular subtypes found in other solid tumors. The molecular subtypes in other solid tumors are enriched with specific mutations and copy number aberrations that are thought to underlie their distinct progression patterns, and biological and clinical properties...
March 29, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361862/circulating-tumor-cells-in-breast-cancer-functional-heterogeneity-pathogenetic-and-clinical-aspects
#17
N V Cherdyntseva, N V Litviakov, E V Denisov, P A Gervas, E S Cherdyntsev
Each patient has a unique history of cancer ecosystem development, resulting in intratumor heterogeneity. In order to effectively kill the tumor cells by chemotherapy, dynamic monitoring of driver molecular alterations is necessary to detect the markers for acquired drug resistance and find the new therapeutic targets. To perform the therapeutic monitoring, frequent tumor biopsy is needed, but it is not always possible due to small tumor size or its regression during the therapy or tumor inaccessibility in advanced cancer patients...
March 2017: Experimental Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359308/revealing-cancer-subtypes-with-higher-order-correlations-applied-to-imaging-and-omics-data
#18
Kiley Graim, Tiffany Ting Liu, Achal S Achrol, Evan O Paull, Yulia Newton, Steven D Chang, Griffith R Harsh, Sergio P Cordero, Daniel L Rubin, Joshua M Stuart
BACKGROUND: Patient stratification to identify subtypes with different disease manifestations, severity, and expected survival time is a critical task in cancer diagnosis and treatment. While stratification approaches using various biomarkers (including high-throughput gene expression measurements) for patient-to-patient comparisons have been successful in elucidating previously unseen subtypes, there remains an untapped potential of incorporating various genotypic and phenotypic data to discover novel or improved groupings...
March 31, 2017: BMC Medical Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353377/new-developments-in-breast-cancer-and-their-impact-on-daily-practice-in-pathology
#19
REVIEW
Xiaoxian Li, Gabriela M Oprea-Ilies, Uma Krishnamurti
Advances in research have transformed our understanding of breast cancers and have altered the daily practice of pathology. Theranostic evaluations performed by pathologists are now critical in triaging the patients into appropriate treatment groups, as are new guidelines that were recently established for the evaluation of HER2/neu gene amplification. Emerging molecular classifications of breast cancers bring novel perspectives to the assessment of individual cases, and opportunities for better treatments...
April 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351333/splicing-factor-hnrnpa2b1-contributes-to-tumorigenic-potential-of-breast-cancer-cells-through-stat3-and-erk1-2-signaling-pathway
#20
Ying Hu, Zihan Sun, Jinmu Deng, Baoquan Hu, Wenting Yan, Hongyi Wei, Jun Jiang
Increasing evidence has indicated that the splicing factor hnRNPA2B1 plays a direct role in cancer development, progression, gene expression, and signal transduction. Previous studies have shown that knocking down hnRNPA2B1 in breast cancer cells induces apoptosis, but the mechanism and other functions of hnRNPA2B1 in breast cancer are unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate the biological function, clinical significance, and mechanism of hnRNPA2B1 in breast cancer. The expression of hnRNPA2B1 in 92 breast cancer and adjacent normal tissue pairs was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining...
March 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
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