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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074617/soft-drink-intake-and-the-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Aditya Narain, Chun Shing Kwok, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether consumption of sugar- or artificially sweetened beverages is independently associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to evaluate whether soft drink consumption is associated with the development of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: Medline and EMBASE were searched in November 2015 for studies which considered soft drink (sugar-sweetened beverage [SSB] and artificially sweetened beverage [ASB]) intake and risk of metabolic syndrome...
January 10, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069991/community-alcohol-partnerships-with-the-alcohol-industry-what-is-their-purpose-and-are-they-effective-in-reducing-alcohol-harms
#2
M Petticrew, N Douglas, P D'Souza, Y M Shi, M A Durand, C Knai, E Eastmure, N Mays
BACKGROUND: Local initiatives to reduce alcohol harms are common. One UK approach, Community Alcohol Partnerships (CAPs), involves partnerships between the alcohol industry and local government, focussing on alcohol misuse and anti-social behaviour (ASB) among young people. This study aimed to assess the evidence of effectiveness of CAPs. METHODS: We searched CAP websites and documents, and databases, and contacted CAPs to identify evaluations and summarize their findings...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057066/evaluations-of-dual-attractant-toxic-sugar-baits-for-surveillance-and-control-of-aedes-aegypti-and-aedes-albopictus-in-florida
#3
Jodi M Scott-Fiorenzano, Alice P Fulcher, Kelly E Seeger, Sandra A Allan, Daniel L Kline, Philip G Koehler, Günter C Müller, Rui-De Xue
BACKGROUND: Dual attractant toxic sugar baits (D-ATSB) containing two host kairomones, L-lactic (LA) and 1-octen-3-ol (O), and fruit-based attractants were evaluated through olfactory, consumption and mortality, and semi-field experiments to determine if host kairomones could first, enhance attraction of a fruit-based (attractant) toxic sugar bait (ATSB), and second, increase the efficacy of a fruit based attractive toxic sugar bait (ATSB). METHODS: Four combinations of LA and O were incorporated into the ATSB and evaluated in an olfactometer to determine if these combinations could enhance attraction of Aedes aegypti (L...
January 5, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054716/arsenic-resistance-genes-of-as-resistant-purple-nonsulfur-bacteria-isolated-from-as-contaminated-sites-for-bioremediation-application
#4
Phitthaya Nookongbut, Duangporn Kantachote, Kannan Krishnan, Mallavarapu Megharaj
This study aimed to identify arsenic resistant mechanisms in As-resistant purple nonsulfur bacteria (PNSB) by screening them for presence of As-resistance genes and related enzymes. Resistance to As(III) and As(V) of four As-resistant PNSB determined in terms of median inhibition concentration (IC50 values) were in the order of strains Rhodopseudomonas palustris C1 > R. palustris AB3 > Rubrivivax benzoatilyticus C31 > R. palustris L28 which corresponded to the presence of As-resistance genes in these bacteria...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035110/bioassay-evaluation-of-residual-activity-of-attractive-toxic-sugar-treated-barrier-fence-in-the-control-of-phlebotomus-papatasi-diptera-psychodidae
#5
Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Phlebotomus papatasi is the main vector of the zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) in Qom Province and many other provinces of Iran. Attractive toxic sugar baits (ATSB) treated barrier fence is one of the new methods for controlling the vectors such as sandflies. The present study was designed to evaluate the residual activity of ATSB-treated barrier fence that was used in control of P. papatasi. METHODS: Following the selection of villages in Markazi district of Qom Province, central Iran during 2015 for ATSB and ASB (bait containing no active ingredient) methods; barrier fences on the ground in front of the rodent's colony were installed...
October 2016: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008717/pharmacokinetics-tissue-distribution-and-excretion-studies-of-l-isocorypalmine-using-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#6
Weihui Wang, Jing Liu, Xiaoning Zhao, Yan Peng, Nannan Wang, David Y W Lee, Ronghua Dai
l-Isocorypalmine is a newly identified metabolite of l-tetrahydropalmatine with a unique dual pharmacological profile as a partial dopamine receptor 1 agonist and dopamine receptor 2 antagonist properties for treating cocaine use disorder. The purpose of this study was to explore the pharmacokinetic profiles, tissue distribution and excretion of l-isocorypalmine in Sprague-Dawley rats. A sensitive and reliable ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for determination of l-isocorypalmine in biological samples...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007181/methylated-and-thiolated-arsenic-species-for-environmental-and-health-research-a-review-on-synthesis-and-characterization
#7
REVIEW
William R Cullen, Qingqing Liu, Xiufen Lu, Anthony McKnight-Whitford, Hanyong Peng, Aleksandra Popowich, Xiaowen Yan, Qi Zhang, Michael Fricke, Hongsui Sun, X Chris Le
Hundreds of millions of people around the world are exposed to elevated concentrations of inorganic and organic arsenic compounds, increasing the risk of a wide range of health effects. Studies of the environmental fate and human health effects of arsenic require authentic arsenic compounds. We summarize here the synthesis and characterization of more than a dozen methylated and thiolated arsenic compounds that are not commercially available. We discuss the methods of synthesis for the following 14 trivalent (III) and pentavalent (V) arsenic compounds: monomethylarsonous acid (MMA(III)), dicysteinylmethyldithioarsenite (MMA(III)(Cys)2), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA(V)), monomethylmonothioarsonic acid (MMMTA(V)) or monothio-MMA(V), monomethyldithioarsonic acid (MMDTA(V)) or dithio-MMA(V), monomethyltrithioarsonate (MMTTA(V)) or trithio-MMA(V), dimethylarsinous acid (DMA(III)), dimethylarsino-glutathione (DMA(III)(SG)), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA(V)), dimethylmonothioarsinic acid (DMMTA(V)) or monothio-DMA(V), dimethyldithioarsinic acid (DMDTA(V)) or dithio-DMA(V), trimethylarsine oxide (TMAO(V)), arsenobetaine (AsB), and an arsenicin-A model compound...
November 2016: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000782/local-scale-projections-of-coral-reef-futures-and-implications-of-the-paris-agreement
#8
Ruben van Hooidonk, Jeffrey Maynard, Jerker Tamelander, Jamison Gove, Gabby Ahmadia, Laurie Raymundo, Gareth Williams, Scott F Heron, Serge Planes
Increasingly frequent severe coral bleaching is among the greatest threats to coral reefs posed by climate change. Global climate models (GCMs) project great spatial variation in the timing of annual severe bleaching (ASB) conditions; a point at which reefs are certain to change and recovery will be limited. However, previous model-resolution projections (~1 × 1°) are too coarse to inform conservation planning. To meet the need for higher-resolution projections, we generated statistically downscaled projections (4-km resolution) for all coral reefs; these projections reveal high local-scale variation in ASB...
December 21, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956252/clinical-features-management-considerations-and-outcomes-in-a-case-series-of-patients-with-parasellar-intracranial-aneurysms-undergoing-anterior-skull-base-surgery
#9
Daniel M Raper, Dale Ding, Elizabeth Evans, Robert M Starke, R Webster Crowley, Kenneth C Liu, Edward H Oldfield, John A Jane
BACKGROUND: The co-incidence of parasellar aneurysms (IA) and anterior skull base (ASB) lesions, while rare, presents a management challenge. IAs embedded within, or adjacent to, ASB lesions are at risk in the perioperative period, and may have unique presentations, natural histories, and outcomes. The objective of this study was to outline management options and nuances in patients with coexisting IAs and ASB lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated all patients who presented for management of IAs and ASB lesions from January 2006 to January 2014...
December 9, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932313/3rd-congress-on-applied-synthetic-biology-in-europe-costa-da-caparica-portugal-february-2016
#10
Miguel Cueva
The third meeting organised by the European Federation of Biotechnology (EFB) on advances in Applied Synthetic Biotechnology in Europe (ASBE) was held in Costa da Caparica, Portugal, in February 2016. Abundant novel applications in synthetic biology were described in the six sessions of the meeting, which was divided into technology and tools for synthetic biology (I, II and III), bionanoscience, biosynthetic pathways and enzyme synthetic biology, and metabolic engineering and chemical manufacturing. The meeting presented numerous methods for the development of novel synthetic strains, synthetic biological tools and synthetic biology applications...
March 25, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880879/arsenic-levels-among-pregnant-women-and-newborns-in-canada-results-from-the-maternal-infant-research-on-environmental-chemicals-mirec-cohort
#11
Adrienne S Ettinger, Tye E Arbuckle, Mandy Fisher, Chun Lei Liang, Karelyn Davis, Ciprian-Mihai Cirtiu, Patrick Bélanger, Alain LeBlanc, William D Fraser
Arsenic is a common environmental contaminant from both naturally-occurring and anthropomorphic sources and human exposure can be detected in various tissues. Its toxicity depends on many factors including the chemical form, valence state, bioavailability, metabolism and detoxification within the human body. Of paramount concern, particularly with respect to health effects in children, is the timing of exposure as the prenatal and early life periods are more susceptible to toxic effects. The Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals (MIREC) cohort was established to obtain national-level biomonitoring data for approximately 2,000 pregnant women and their infants between 2008 and 2011 from 10 Canadian cities...
November 20, 2016: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868218/simultaneous-determination-of-l-tetrahydropalmatine-and-its-active-metabolites-in-rat-plasma-by-a-sensitive-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-with-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-and-its-application-in-a-pharmacokinetic-study
#12
Weihui Wang, Jing Liu, Xiaoning Zhao, Yan Peng, Nannan Wang, David Y W Lee, Ronghua Dai
A sensitive and reliable ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous determination of L-tetrahydropalmatine (L-THP) and its active metabolites L-isocorypalmine (L-ICP) and L-corydalmine (L-CD) in rat plasma,. The analytes were extracted by liquid-liquid extraction and separated on a Bonshell ASB C18 column (2.1 mm × 100 mm; 2.7 µm; Agela) using acetonitrile-formic acid aqueous as mobile phase at a flow rate of 0...
November 21, 2016: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866338/reflections-on-serving-remote-mountain-communities-mobile-hospitals-and-women-s-and-children-s-health-care-in-northern-haiti
#13
Rose-Marie Chierici, Thony Michelet Voltaire
In 2003 Alyans Sante Borgne's (ASB) conducted the first week-long mobile hospital in Molas, a poor mountain community a 10-h walk from the main hospital in the town of Borgne in North Haiti. ASB is a partnership between Haiti Outreach-Pwoje Espwa (H.O.P.E.), a US-based NGO, and Haiti's Ministry of Health. The paper reflects on this first experience and the evolution of an indigenous model of health care delivery, Sante Nan Lakou (SNL)/Health at the Extended Family Level, a model that prioritizes the needs of patients over those of the institution...
November 19, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849023/the-genesis-of-adiabatic-shear-bands
#14
P Landau, S Osovski, A Venkert, V Gärtnerová, D Rittel
Adiabatic shear banding (ASB) is a unique dynamic failure mechanism that results in an unpredicted catastrophic failure due to a concentrated shear deformation mode. It is universally considered as a material or structural instability and as such, ASB is hardly controllable or predictable to some extent. ASB is modeled on the premise of stability analyses. The leading paradigm is that a competition between strain (rate) hardening and thermal softening determines the onset of the failure. It was recently shown that microstructural softening transformations, such as dynamic recrystallization, are responsible for adiabatic shear failure...
November 16, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845391/effect-of-bovine-pericardial-extracellular-matrix-scaffold-niche-on-seeded-human-mesenchymal-stem-cell-function
#15
Zhi Zhao Liu, Maelene L Wong, Leigh G Griffiths
Numerous studies have focused on generation of unfixed bovine pericardium (BP) extracellular matrix (ECM) for clinical application. However, the extent to which maintenance of native ECM niche is capable of directing behavior of repopulating cells remains relatively unexplored. By exploiting the sidedness of BP scaffolds (i.e., serous or fibrous surface), this study aims to determine the effect of ECM niche preservation on cellular repopulation using different scaffold generation methods. BP underwent either sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) decellularization or stepwise, solubilization-based antigen removal using amidosulfobetaine-14 (ASB-14)...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814620/mucopolysaccharidosis-vi-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#16
Paul Harmatz, Renee Shediac
Mucopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI), or Maroteaux-Lamy syndrome, is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by deficient activity of the enzyme arylsulfatase B (ASB). Progressive accumulation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) in organs and tissues leads to the development of multisystem clinical manifestations. The presentation of MPS VI is genotypically and phenotypically diverse, with a large number of potential disease-causing mutations and a phenotypic spectrum ranging from very slowly to very rapidly progressing disease...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Landmark Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806709/benefits-and-harms-of-screening-for-and-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-in-pregnancy-a-systematic-review
#17
Konstanze Angelescu, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit, Wiebke Sieben, Fülöp Scheibler, Gerald Gartlehner
BACKGROUND: Most European and North American clinical practice guidelines recommend screening for asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) as a routine pregnancy test. Antibiotic treatment of ASB in pregnant women is supposed to reduce maternal upper urinary tract infections (upper UTIs) and preterm labour. However, most studies supporting the treatment of ASB were conducted in the 1950s to 1980s. Because of subsequent changes in treatment options for ASB and UTI, the applicability of findings from these studies has come into question...
November 2, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790904/accumulation-and-transport-of-roxarsone-arsenobetaine-and-inorganic-arsenic-using-the-human-immortalized-caco-2-cell-line
#18
Qingqing Liu, Elaine M Leslie, X Chris Le
Roxarsone (Rox), an organoarsenic compound, served as a feed additive in the poultry industry for more than 60 years. Residual amounts of Rox present in chicken meat could give rise to potential human exposure to Rox. However, studies on the bioavailability of Rox in humans are scarce. We report here the accumulation and transepithelial transport of Rox using the human colon-derived adenocarcinoma cell line (Caco-2) model. The cellular accumulation and transepithelial passage of Rox in Caco-2 cells were evaluated and compared to those of arsenobetaine (AsB), arsenite (As(III)), and arsenate (As(V))...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27780014/clinical-presentations-and-epidemiology-of-urinary-tract-infections
#19
Suzanne E Geerlings
Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common bacterial infections, and the incidence in women is much higher than in men. The diagnosis of a UTI can be made based on a combination of symptoms and a positive urine analysis or culture. Most UTIs are uncomplicated UTIs, defined as cystitis in a woman who is not pregnant, is not immunocompromised, has no anatomical and functional abnormalities of the urogenital tract, and does not exhibit signs of tissue invasion and systemic infection. All UTIs that are not uncomplicated are considered to be complicated UTIs...
October 2016: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744161/evaluation-of-in-utero-exposure-to-arsenic-in-south-africa
#20
Halina B Röllin, Kalavati Channa, Bukola G Olutola, Jon Ø Odland
Early life exposure to inorganic arsenic (iAs) has been shown to interfere with foetal and early childhood development, and is associated with morbidity and mortality in adulthood. The purpose of this study was to evaluate exposure to As in utero, to determine the association between maternal and cord blood of As and birth outcomes in South African populations. Total arsenic was measured in maternal blood of a total cohort (n=650) and in paired cord blood and urine of a subset cohort (n=317). Overall, the geometric mean (GM) of As in maternal blood was 0...
January 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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