Read by QxMD icon Read


Ayano Goto, Yuichi Ozawa, Keigo Koda, Daisuke Akahori, Takashi Koyauchi, Yusuke Amano, Takuya Kakutani, Yoshiko Sato, Hirotsugu Hasegawa, Takashi Matsui, Koshi Yokomura, Takafumi Suda
BACKGROUND: The management of skin toxicity is crucial for efficient afatinib treatment, but the role of tetracycline class antibiotics (TCs) in managing these rashes is relatively unknown. METHODS: We reviewed the clinical records of patients who were administered afatinib for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancer harboring epidermal growth factor receptor mutations between October 2014 and November 2016. Twenty-five patients, who received TCs for the management of afatinib-related skin disorders, were enrolled...
March 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Mjs Parker, N W McGill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Guolei Zhang, Junpu Zha, Junchuan Liu, Jun Di
One of the crucial mechanisms following spinal cord injury is mitochondria associated cell death. Minocycline, an anti-inflammatory drug is well known to impede the mitochondrial cell death. However, there has been no study on the effect of minocycline linking FAS-mediated cell death and hypoxia inducible factor (HIF-1α), the targets involved in mitochondrial cell death. Male Sprague Drawley rats (N = 18, divided into three groups) were subjected to traumatic spinal cord injury and were injected with minocycline (n = 6) (90 mg/kg, and later 45 mg/kg dose two times a day (every 12 h)...
March 9, 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Talita M Silva, Laiali J Chaar, Reinaldo C Silva, Ana C Takakura, Niels O Câmara, Vagner R Antunes, Thiago S Moreira
NEW FINDINGS: What is the central question of this study? Microglia are presumably the source of inflammatory mediators, which contribute to hypoxia-induced neuroinflammation. However, the relationship between microglia activity during hypoxia and inflammatory responses in specific autonomic brain regions is not well understood. Therefore, we hypothesize that acute hypoxia (AH) initiates an immune response in the central nervous system elicited by an increased expression of inflammatory mediators in specific brain areas related to autonomic control...
March 12, 2018: Experimental Physiology
Fang Liu, Bingkui Zhang, Liqin Xie, Ye Ruan, XiuFeng Xu, Yong Zeng, Louis Messina, Jingping Zhao, Xiaoduo Fan
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of adjunctive minocycline on psychopathology and possibly relevant biomarkers in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: In a 16-week randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, subjects received either minocycline (200mg per day) or placebo. Psychopathology was assessed using the Scale for the Assessment of Negative Symptoms (SANS) and the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) at baseline and week 16. Plasma levels of tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), interleukin-1 β (IL-1β) and nitric oxide metabolites were assessed at both time points...
March 8, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Shenglong Cao, Ya Hua, Richard F Keep, Neeraj Chaudhary, Guohua Xi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Brain iron overload is a key factor causing brain injury after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study quantified brain iron levels after ICH with magnetic resonance imaging R2* mapping. The effect of minocycline on iron overload and ICH-induced brain injury in aged rats was also determined. METHODS: Aged (18 months old) male Fischer 344 rats had an intracerebral injection of autologous blood or saline, and brain iron levels were measured by magnetic resonance imaging R2* mapping...
March 6, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Jun Miyanohara, Masashi Kakae, Kazuki Nagayasu, Takayuki Nakagawa, Yasuo Mori, Ken Arai, Hisashi Shirakawa, Shuji Kaneko
Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion is a characteristic seen in widespread CNS diseases, including neurodegenerative and mental disorders, and is commonly accompanied by cognitive impairment. Recently, several studies demonstrated that chronic cerebral hypoperfusion can induce the excessive inflammatory responses that precede neuronal dysfunction; however, the precise mechanism of cognitive impairment due to chronic cerebral hypoperfusion remains unknown. Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca2+ -permeable channel that is abundantly expressed in immune cells and is involved in aggravation of inflammatory responses...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Manjulika Shukla, Isha Soni, Karen Matsuyama, Tran Tran, Mary Tanga, Leyi Gong, Sidharth Chopra
INTRODUCTION: Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDR-AB) is one of the most significant nosocomial pathogens, that is increasingly being isolated in healthcare settings worldwide. Owing to its inherent drug-resistant nature, coupled with its ability to readily acquire resistance to other antibiotic classes, there is a real dearth of antibiotics available to treat infections with MDR-AB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A commercially available library was screened against MDR-AB BAA-1605 to identify novel inhibitory molecules...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
Claudio Foschi, Melissa Salvo, Silvia Galli, Alessandra Moroni, Roberto Cevenini, Antonella Marangoni
Knowledge of the prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of genital Mollicutes is crucial to offer guidelines for empirical treatments. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and the resistance profile of Mycoplasma hominis (MH) and Ureaplasma urealyticum/Ureaplasma parvum (UU/UP) in genital samples over a two-year period in Bologna, Italy. From January 2015 to December 2016, data on all the subjects providing uro-genital specimens for Mollicutes detection by culture were analyzed. A total of 4660 subjects (84...
March 2, 2018: New Microbiologica
S W Zuo, Z L Ni, Y B Yao, R S Yang, S K Wang, Y H Zhou
Objective: To investigate the antimicrobial susceptibility of Brucella and to provide a scientific basis for rational drug use and effective treatment of patients with brucellosis. Methods: A total of 41 Brucella strains were isolated from the blood of patients with brucellosis in 5 counties and 2 districts in Yuxi City, China from 2014 to 2016. The susceptibility to 23 antimicrobial drugs was tested using Kirby-Bauer (K-B) disk diffusion method and the sizes of antimicrobial rings were recorded. The susceptibility testing results were interpreted according to the Drug Susceptibility Testing Guideline (2009 version) ...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Snehalata V Gajbhiye, Raakhi K Tripathi, Anup Uttam Petare, Anirudha Vyankatesh Potey, Arun Shankar
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety and negative sensations due to alcohol withdrawal are factors leading to alcohol relapse and addiction. Minocycline, an antibiotic, can decrease alcohol consumption in rats, however, its effects on alcohol withdrawal anxiety and relapse have not been studied. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Part 1: Forced alcohol drinking in gradually increasing concentration was administered till day 22 in rats. Effect of drugs on anxiety was assessed using elevated plus maze (EPM) and two chambered box apparatus, after removal of alcohol...
February 27, 2018: Current Clinical Pharmacology
Yi Yang, Shihoko Kimura-Ohba, Jeffrey F Thompson, Victor M Salayandia, Melissa Cosse, Limor Raz, Fakhreya Y Jalal, Gary A Rosenberg
Vascular cognitive impairment is a major cause of dementia caused by chronic hypoxia, producing progressive damage to white matter (WM) secondary to blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening and vascular dysfunction. Tight junction proteins (TJPs), which maintain BBB integrity, are lost in acute ischemia. Although angiogenesis is critical for neurovascular remodeling, less is known about its role in chronic hypoxia. To study the impact of TJP degradation and angiogenesis during pathological progression of WM damage, we used the spontaneously hypertensive/stroke prone rats with unilateral carotid artery occlusion and Japanese permissive diet to model WM damage...
February 24, 2018: Neurobiology of Disease
P Montero-Miralles, J Martín-González, O Alonso-Ezpeleta, M C Jiménez-Sánchez, E Velasco-Ortega, J J Segura-Egea
Regenerative endodontic procedures (REPs) are biologically based procedures planned to replace damaged tissues, including dentinee and root structures, as well as cells of the pulp-dentine complex. Effective sterilization of the root canal is essential in REPs, and antibiotics have been widely used to disinfect root canals. The aim of this paper was to review the scientific literature on 1) Effectiveness of antibiotics used in REPs against bacteria implicated in endodontic disease; 2) Scientific evidence supporting the use of topical antibiotics in REPs; 3) Clinical implications of the use of antibiotics in REPs and the possible side effects; 4) Effect of antibiotics on dental pulp stem cells; and 5) Ongoing research on the use of antibiotics in REPs...
February 26, 2018: International Endodontic Journal
Therese Woodring, Ronnie Abraham, Stephanie Frisch
Cutaneous leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) can occur as skin-limited disease or as part a systemic vasculitis. Appropriate workup includes the evaluation of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCAs), with a positive titer raising concern for the associated primary vasculitides including microscopic polyangiitis (MPA), granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), or eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA). In the absence of systemic findings, however, a drug etiology must also be considered. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors, propylthiouracil, levamisole-adulterated cocaine, hydralazine, and minocycline have been previously documented to induce ANCA-positive vasculitis (APV), which may present with conspicuously high ANCA titers...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Ashley K Clark, Vivian Y Shi, Raja K Sivamani
The association between guttate psoriasis and infection with group A Streptococcus (GAS) has been well established in the medical literature. However, responses to treatments aimed at GAS eradication such as systemic antibiotics or tonsillectomy are inconsistent. Further complicating treatment recommendations for a disease with a suspected microbial trigger, the standard therapy for severe psoriasis is with systemic immunosuppressant medications. This case report illustrates the role of GAS as a trigger for acute onset severe psoriasis in a child whose skin disease initially worsened with a trial of methotrexate...
August 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
Yi-Je Chen, Hai M Nguyen, Izumi Maezawa, Lee-Way Jin, Heike Wulff
Objective: Inhibitors of the voltage-gated K+ channel Kv1.3 are currently in development as immunomodulators for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. As Kv1.3 is also expressed on microglia and has been shown to be specifically up-regulated on "M1-like" microglia, we here tested the therapeutic hypothesis that the brain-penetrant small-molecule Kv1.3-inhibitor PAP-1 reduces secondary inflammatory damage after ischemia/reperfusion. Methods: We studied microglial Kv1...
February 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Min K Kang, Rajesh K Gupta, Jayashri Srinivasan
We describe 2 patients presenting with multiplex mononeuritis, associated with skin manifestation, secondary to minocycline-induced vasculitis. One of the cases is associated neither with lupus nor polyarteritis nodosa. An extensive laboratory workup ruled out any possible underlying immunologic disorder. Electrodiagnostic studies were conducted to show axonal neuropathy in patchy and multifocal distribution consistent with multiplex mononeuritis. This diagnosis was confirmed with nerve biopsy. Withdrawing from the offending medication, minocycline, improved the patients' clinical condition and the quantitative serological measures...
March 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuromuscular Disease
Oriel Spierer, Darlene Miller, Terrence P O'Brien
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia are emerging corneal pathogens, which are closely related to Pseudomonas aeruginosa , and have intrinsic resistance to many commonly available antimicrobials. The purpose of this study is to compare the in vitro efficacy of 12 antimicrobial agents against A. xylosoxidans , S. maltophilia and P. aeruginosa isolates recovered from clinical cases of keratitis. METHODS: Recovered corneal isolates (n=58) were identified and extracted from the Microbiology Data Bank of the Bascom Palmer Eye Institute...
February 19, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Naoyuki Miyashita, Intetsu Kobayashi, Futoshi Higa, Yosuke Aoki, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Masafumi Seki, Kazuhiro Tateda, Nobuko Maki, Kazuhiro Uchino, Kazuhiko Ogasawara, Satoe Kurachi, Tatsuya Ishikawa, Yoshito Ishimura, Izumo Kanesaka, Hiroshi Kiyota, Akira Watanabe
The activities of various antibiotics against 58 clinical isolates of Legionella species were evaluated using two methods, extracellular activity (minimum inhibitory concentration [MIC]) and intracellular activity. Susceptibility testing was performed using BSYEα agar. The minimum extracellular concentration inhibiting intracellular multiplication (MIEC) was determined using a human monocyte-derived cell line, THP-1. The most potent drugs in terms of MICs against clinical isolates were levofloxacin, garenoxacin, and rifampicin with MIC90 values of 0...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Wenyao Li, Qing Chai, Hongwei Zhang, Jing Ma, Chengfen Xu, Jifu Dong, Xianghua Wei, Zhiyi Wang, Kexian Zhang
Objective Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is common after surgery in elderly patients and is associated with high morbidity. The molecular mechanisms responsible for POCD are unknown. Minocycline, an inhibitor of microglial activation, may be useful in treating and preventing POCD. We explored whether minocycline can inhibit microglial activation and prevent POCD in aged rats as a surgery model. Methods Rats aged 18 to 20 months were randomly allocated to the following groups: naïve, abdominal surgery alone, or minocycline injection before abdominal surgery...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"