keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric admissions

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098666/estimated-internal-and-external-radiation-exposure-of-caregivers-of-patients-with-pediatric-neuroblastoma-undergoing-131i-metaiodobenzylguanidine-therapy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#1
Sangwon Han, Seon Hee Yoo, Kyung-Nam Koh, Jong Jin Lee
PURPOSE: Current recommendations suggest that family members should participate in the care of children receiving in-hospital I metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy for neuroblastoma. The present study aimed to measure the external radiation exposure and estimate the internal radiation exposure of caregivers during the hospital stay for I MIBG therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caregivers received radiation safety instructions and a potassium iodide solution for thyroid blockade before patient admission...
January 16, 2017: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095119/fecal-carriage-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-strains-is-associated-with-worse-outcome-in-patients-hospitalized-in-the-pediatric-oncology-unit-of-beni-messous-hospital-in-algiers-algeria
#2
Chafiaa Medboua-Benbalagh, Abdelaziz Touati, Rachida Kermas, Alima Gharout-Sait, Lucien Brasme, Halima Mezhoud, Djamila Touati, Thomas Guillard, Christophe de Champs
OBJECTIVES: The current study aimed to investigate extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) fecal carriage in children with different cancers admitted in the pediatric oncology unit of Beni-Messous Hospital (Algiers, Algeria). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rectal swabs from children with cancer were sampled from February 2012 to May 2013 within 48 hours following their admission. After species identification and detection of ESBL production by double-disk synergy test (DD test), antibiotic susceptibility was determined by the standard disk diffusion method...
January 17, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094480/anesthetic-complications-during-general-anesthesia-without-intravenous-access-in-pediatric-ophthalmologic-clinic-assessment-of-5216-cases
#3
Chun W Hung, Lauren Licina, David H Abramson, Vittoria Arslan-Carlon
BACKGROUNDː General anesthesia utilizing inhalational agents without intravenous (IV) access for minor procedures is controversial1. Eliminating IV access increases efficiency and patient satisfaction; however, the ability to introduce rapid acting medications into the circulation during an unanticipated emergency becomes challenging. The objective of this study was to examine complication risk following pediatric ophthalmologic examinations under anesthesia (EUA) without IV placement. METHODSː A retrospective review of consecutive pediatric patients who underwent EUA for retinoblastoma management was performed from 2004 to 2014...
January 17, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093429/paediatric-ed-bipap-continuous-quality-improvement-programme-with-patient-analysis-2005-2013
#4
Thomas Abramo, Abby Williams, Samaiya Mushtaq, Mark Meredith, Rawle Sepaule, Kristen Crossman, Cheryl Burney Jones, Suzanne Godbold, Zhuopei Hu, Todd Nick
OBJECTIVE: In paediatric moderate-to-severe asthmatics, there is significant bronchospasm, airway obstruction, air trapping causing severe hyperinflation with more positive intraplural pressure preventing passive air movement. These effects cause an increased respiratory rate (RR), less airflow and shortened inspiratory breath time. In certain asthmatics, aerosols are ineffective due to their inadequate ventilation. Bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) in acute paediatric asthmatics can be an effective treatment...
January 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093343/moyamoya-and-inflammation
#5
Juan C Mejia-Munne, Jason A Ellis, Neil A Feldstein, Philip M Meyers, Edward S Connolly
BACKGROUND: Over fifty years have elapsed since Moyamoya was initially described; however, the disease etiology remains unknown. Although certain genetic loci and immunological characteristics are associated with Moyamoya, this does not fully explain its pathophysiology. An association with inflammatory disease has been postulated but not rigorously explored. We sought to examine the epidemiological association of Moyamoya and inflammatory diseases by analyzing data from a large administrative database...
January 13, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089405/use-of-essential-oils-following-traumatic-burn-injury-a-case-study
#6
Kathleen Jopke, Heather Sanders, Rosemary White-Traut
Hospital admissions related to burn injury reach 40,000 annually. Patients who experience extensive burns require longer hospital stays and are at increased risk for infection and hospital acquired conditions. This comparative case study is a two patient matched case control design that follows the hospital course of two children who experienced burn injuries. For one of these patients, with the consent of the child's parents, the grandmother treated her granddaughter with essential oils. Essential oils have the potential to inhibit microbial growth, support treatment of wounds, and facilitate healing...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089059/management-of-hospitalized-asthmatic-children-before-transport
#7
Brande Mazzeo, Rami Bzeih, Robert Schultz, Melissa Tavolieri, Alicia Fraser, Sabrina M Heidemann
Asthmatic children are at risk for respiratory failure and should be appropriately treated before transport. The objectives were to find out if the Pediatric Advanced Life Support guidelines for asthma treatment were followed in the emergency department (ED); to determine if additional treatment during transport or within the first 2 hours of admission was needed; and to compare the management of intubated asthmatics by the ED, transport team, and the intensive care unit (ICU) physician. The records for children diagnosed with acute asthma over 7 years who were transported by the intensive care transport team were reviewed...
January 2017: Air Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088248/the-spectrum-of-rheumatic-in-patient-diagnoses-at-a-pediatric-hospital-in-kenya
#8
Angela Migowa, Inés Colmegna, Carol Hitchon, Eugene Were, Evelyn Ng'ang'a, Thomas Ngwiri, John Wachira, Sasha Bernatsky, Rosie Scuccimarri
BACKGROUND: Pediatric rheumatic diseases are chronic illnesses that can cause considerable disease burden to children and their families. There is limited epidemiologic data on these diseases in East Africa. The aim of this study was to assess the spectrum of pediatric rheumatic diagnoses in an in-patient setting and determine the accuracy of ICD-10 codes in identifying these conditions. METHODS: Medical records from Gertrude's Children's Hospital in Kenya were reviewed for patients diagnosed with "diseases of the musculoskeletal system and connective tissue" as per ICD-10 diagnostic codes assigned at discharge between January and December 2011...
January 14, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087136/global-general-pediatric-surgery-partnership-the-ucla-mozambique-experience
#9
Vanda Amado, Deborah B Martins, Abraar Karan, Brittni Johnson, Shant Shekherdimian, Lee T Miller, Atanasio Taela, Daniel A DeUgarte
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: There has been increasing recognition of the disparities in surgical care throughout the world. Increasingly, efforts are being made to improve local infrastructure and training of surgeons in low-income settings. The purpose of this study was to review the first 5-years of a global academic pediatric general surgery partnership between UCLA and the Eduardo Mondlane University in Maputo, Mozambique. METHODS: A mixed-methods approach was utilized to perform an ongoing needs assessment...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079790/ecthyma-gangrenosum-a-skin-manifestation-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-sepsis-in-a-previously-healthy-child-a-case-report
#10
Stephanie Biscaye, Diane Demonchy, Mickael Afanetti, Audrey Dupont, Herve Haas, Antoine Tran
RATIONALE: Ecthyma gangrenosum (Eg) is a necrotic lesion that is mostly seen in immunocompromised patients. It reflects a severe sepsis, possibly caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa). PATIENT CONCERNS: A healthy 3-year-old girl admitted to the Pediatric Emergency Department presented a sepsis-associated purpura with neurological and respiratory distress. INTERVENTIONS: An empiric antibiotherapy (anti-meningococcal) was prescribed. DIAGNOSES: Forty-eight hours after admission, blood and wound cultures were positive for Pa...
January 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079605/delirium-in-critically-ill-children-an-international-point-prevalence-study
#11
Chani Traube, Gabrielle Silver, Ron W Reeder, Hannah Doyle, Emily Hegel, Heather A Wolfe, Christopher Schneller, Melissa G Chung, Leslie A Dervan, Jane L DiGennaro, Sandra D W Buttram, Sapna R Kudchadkar, Kate Madden, Mary E Hartman, Mary L deAlmeida, Karen Walson, Erwin Ista, Manuel A Baarslag, Rosanne Salonia, John Beca, Debbie Long, Yu Kawai, Ira M Cheifetz, Javier Gelvez, Edward J Truemper, Rebecca L Smith, Megan E Peters, A M Iqbal O'Meara, Sarah Murphy, Abdulmohsen Bokhary, Bruce M Greenwald, Michael J Bell
OBJECTIVES: To determine prevalence of delirium in critically ill children and explore associated risk factors. DESIGN: Multi-institutional point prevalence study. SETTING: Twenty-five pediatric critical care units in the United States, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Australia, and Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS: All children admitted to the pediatric critical care units on designated study days (n = 994). INTERVENTION: Children were screened for delirium using the Cornell Assessment of Pediatric Delirium by the bedside nurse...
January 10, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078861/interleukin-6-and-interleukin-8-in-diagnosing-neonatal-septicemia
#12
Y Q Wu, J Shen, Q L Zhou, H W Zhao, L R Liu, X Liu
Neonatal septicemia (NS) is a common cause of death of newborn infants, hence early diagnosis and treatment are of the utmost importance. However, lack of specific clinical symptoms and late detection delay a correct diagnosis. It is therefore of great importance to establish auxiliary indexes for the early diagnosis of NS. To evaluate the value of interleukin (IL-6 and IL-8) in the diagnosis of NS, a prospective study was carried out. Seventy-five newborns who developed septicemia and received treatment in our hospital from January 2013 to December 2014 were selected as research subjects; also, 50 healthy newborns were set as a control group...
October 2016: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076664/sensitization-predicts-asthma-development-among-wheezing-toddlers-in-secondary-healthcare
#13
Nienke A Boersma, Ruud W H Meijneke, Johannes C Kelder, Cornelis K van der Ent, Walter A F Balemans
INTRODUCTION: Some wheezing toddlers develop asthma later in childhood. Sensitization is known to predict asthma in birth cohorts. However, its predictive value in secondary healthcare is uncertain. AIM: This study examines the predictive value of sensitization to inhalant allergens among wheezing toddlers in secondary healthcare for the development of asthma at school age (≥6 years). METHODS: Preschool children (1-3 years) who presented with wheezing in secondary healthcare were screened on asthma at school age with the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood questionnaire...
January 11, 2017: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073942/emergency-department-visits-related-to-functional-abdominal-pain-in-the-pediatric-age-group
#14
Chaitanya Pant, Abhishek Deshpande, Thomas J Sferra, Mojtaba Olyaee
To analyze visits to and admissions from the emergency department (ED) in children with a primary diagnosis of functional abdominal pain (FAP). This was a cross-sectional study using data from the Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (HCUP-NEDS 2008-2012). FAP-related ED visits were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes. The most frequent secondary diagnoses associated with FAP-related ED visits were also extracted. In 2012, a total of 796,665 children presented to the ED with a primary diagnosis of FAP...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Investigative Medicine: the Official Publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072666/outcomes-from-referrals-and-unscheduled-visits-from-community-emergency-departments-to-a-regional-pediatric-emergency-department-in-canada
#15
Ethan Reiner, Ardalan Ahmadi, Eric Grafstein, Quynh Doan
OBJECTIVES: Existing pediatric literature describing repeat visits to the emergency department (ED) for the same medical complaint has yet to report on patient flow patterns from general EDs (GEDs) to a pediatric ED (PED). We sought to characterize the population of patients who are treated in a GED and subsequently present to a PED for further care. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study reviewing all pediatric visits (age < 17 y) at 5 GEDs in Vancouver...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067012/venous-thromboembolism-in-pediatric-trauma-patients-ten-year-experience-and-long-term-follow-up-in-a-tertiary-care-center
#16
Christine M Leeper, Madhav Vissa, James D Cooper, Lynn M Malec, Barbara A Gaines
BACKGROUND: Pediatric trauma patients are at high risk for development of venous thromboembolism (VTE). Our objective is to describe incidence, risk factors, and timing of development of VTE, anticoagulation complications, and long-term VTE outcomes in a critically injured pediatric population. PROCEDURE: We did a retrospective review of pediatric (0-17 years) trauma admissions to intensive care unit from 2005 to 2014. Our center employs VTE screening and prevention protocols for high-risk patients based on hypercoagulable history, age, injuries, and medical interventions...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065716/the-role-of-dexamethasone-in-decreasing-early-recurrence-of-acute-intussusception-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#17
Yigal Efrati, Baruch Klin, Eran Kozer, Ibrahim Abu-Kishk
BACKGROUND: Early recurrent intussusception (RI) is a concern after a successful pneumatic reduction. Steroids have been suggested as a treatment that decreases early RI. The purpose of this study was to examine the role of dexamethasone in decreasing early RI. METHODS: A retrospective review of 174 pediatric patients that underwent successful pneumatic reduction was conducted. Two groups were identified: group 1 that received intravenous dexamethasone (0.5mg/kg/dose) on diagnosis or immediately after the reduction maneuver, and group 2 that were not given dexamethasone...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063721/point-of-care-lung-ultrasound-of-children-with-acute-asthma-exacerbations-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#18
Samantha Dankoff, Patricia Li, Adam J Shapiro, Terry Varshney, Alexander S Dubrovsky
OBJECTIVES: Primary objective was to characterize lung ultrasound findings in children with asthma presenting with respiratory distress to the emergency department (ED). Secondary objectives included correlating these findings with patients' clinical course in the ED. METHODS: Eligible patients 2-17years of age, underwent a lung ultrasound by the study sonographer between November 2014 to December 2015. Positive lung ultrasound was defined as the presence of ≥1 of the following findings: ≥3 B-lines per intercostal space, consolidation and/or pleural abnormalities...
December 26, 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059679/perioperative-outcomes-for-pediatric-neurosurgical-procedures-analysis-of-the-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-pediatrics
#19
Benjamin J Kuo, Joao Ricardo N Vissoci, Joseph R Egger, Emily R Smith, Gerald A Grant, Michael M Haglund, Henry E Rice
OBJECTIVE Existing studies have shown a high overall rate of adverse events (AEs) following pediatric neurosurgical procedures. However, little is known regarding the morbidity of specific procedures or the association with risk factors to help guide quality improvement (QI) initiatives. The goal of this study was to describe the 30-day mortality and AE rates for pediatric neurosurgical procedures by using the American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program-Pediatrics (NSQIP-Peds) database platform...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058103/zinc-supplementation-in-children-with-asthma-exacerbation
#20
Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol, Lakkana Rerksuppaphol
Zinc deficiency has demonstrated an association with the risk of asthma. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of zinc supplementation in reducing the severity of childhood asthma exacerbation. A number of 42 children with asthma exacerbation admitted to the hospital were randomized to receive either zinc bis-glycinate (30 mg elemental zinc/day) or a placebo in adjuvant to the standard treatment. The pediatric respiratory assessment measure (PRAM) was used to measure the asthma severity. The primary outcome was a change in asthma severity from the baseline to the end of study...
November 17, 2016: Pediatric Reports
keyword
keyword
106482
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"