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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427449/urolithiasis-analysis-in-a-multiethnic-population-at-a-tertiary-hospital-in-nairobi-kenya
#1
Francis K Wathigo, Alfred Hayombe, Daniel Maina
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis is a global problem whose incidence is reported to be on the rise across the world. Previously, urolithiasis was reported as being rare among the indigenous African population but recent data suggest otherwise. This study reviewed the demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with urolithiasis seen at the Aga Khan University hospital Nairobi (AKUHN) as well as the chemical composition of the stones and the modalities of therapy used. METHODS: This was a retrospective study which utilized patients' clinical and laboratory records from 2013 to 2014...
April 20, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427068/intravitreal-steroids-in-diabetic-macular-edema
#2
Rosangela Lattanzio, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Francesco Bandello
Over the past decade, great strides have been made in the management of diabetic macular edema (DME). Therapeutic alternatives now include focal/grid laser photocoagulation, vitreo-retinal surgery, and intraocular injection of anti-angiogenic and steroid molecules. Intravitreal administration of steroids represents a fundamental alternative for recalcitrant and naive eyes with DME, especially in those cases when anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents are contraindicated or a treatment regimen with fewer intravitreal injections is required...
2017: Developments in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425593/medium-sized-nevus-spilus-of-the-neck-treated-with-pulsed-dye-laser
#3
Vito Abrusci, Valentina Benzecry
Patients with large benign melanocytic lesions located on the neck represent a therapeutic challenge since the neck is a high-risk area for hypertrophic scarring and/or retraction. When treating a benign, extensive and visible melanocytic lesion, the choice of therapy mainly depends on the likelihood of improved cosmesis. We report a case of a 33-year-old woman with a medium-sized Nevus Spilus located on the neck, successfully treated with four sessions of pulsed dye laser. We achieved an excellent clinical and cosmetic result in such a challenging area...
April 20, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423385/guidelines-for-the-management-of-diabetic-macular-edema-by-the-european-society-of-retina-specialists-euretina
#4
Ursula Schmidt-Erfurth, Jose Garcia-Arumi, Francesco Bandello, Karina Berg, Usha Chakravarthy, Bianca S Gerendas, Jost Jonas, Michael Larsen, Ramin Tadayoni, Anat Loewenstein
Diabetic retinal disease is envisioned to become the plague of the coming decades with a steep increase of worldwide diabetes incidence followed by a substantial rise in retinal disease. Improvements in diagnostic and therapeutic care have to cope with this dilemma in a clinically and socioeconomically efficient manner. Laser treatment has found a less destructive competitor in pharmacological treatments. As a consequence of recent rigorous clinical trials, laser photocoagulation is no longer recommended for the treatment of diabetic macular edema (DME), and anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy has emerged as first-line therapy...
April 20, 2017: Ophthalmologica. Journal International D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419395/choriocapillaris-changes-imaged-by-oct-angiography-after-half-dose-photodynamic-therapy-for-chronic-central-serous-chorioretinopathy
#5
Kyoko Fujita, Akiyuki Kawamura, Mitsuko Yuzawa
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the choriocapillaris using optical coherence tomographic angiography (OCTA) after half-dose verteporfin photodynamic therapy (hd-PDT) for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied six eyes (six patients) with chronic CSC treated by hd-PDT. OCTA was performed before, 1 week after, and 1 month after hd-PDT. The area of flow abnormality at the choriocapillaris level within the PDT spot after hd-PDT was compared with that before hd-PDT...
April 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414557/polydopamine-and-peptide-decorated-doxorubicin-loaded-mesoporous-silica-nanoparticles-as-a-targeted-drug-delivery-system-for-bladder-cancer-therapy
#6
Yi Wei, Li Gao, Lu Wang, Lin Shi, Erdong Wei, Baotong Zhou, Li Zhou, Bo Ge
We reported a simple polydopamine (PDA)-based surface modification method to prepare novel targeted doxorubicin-loaded mesoporous silica nanoparticles and peptide CSNRDARRC conjugation (DOX-loaded MSNs@PDA-PEP) for enhancing the therapeutic effects on bladder cancer. Drug-loaded NPs were characterized in terms of size, size distribution, zeta potential, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area and drug loading content. In vitro drug release indicated that DOX-loaded MSNs@PDA and MSNs@PDA-PEP had similar release kinetic profiles of DOX...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411450/activatable-near-infrared-dye-conjugated-hyaluronic-acid-based-nanoparticles-as-a-targeted-theranostic-agent-for-enhanced-fluorescence-ct-photoacoustic-imaging-guided-photothermal-therapy
#7
Xiaolong Liang, Lei Fang, Xiaoda Li, Xu Zhang, Fan Wang
Targeted theranostic nano-system integrating functions of both diagnosis and therapy shows great potential for improving diagnosis and therapeutic efficacy. Herein, multifunctional nanoparticle based on activatable hyaluronic acid (HA) conjugating two near-infrared (NIR) dyes of Cy5.5 and IR825 was successfully designed and fabricated, and simultaneously used as a carrier for encapsulating perfluorooctylbromide (PFOB). In this system, PFOB showed good capability to absorb the X-rays, Cy5.5 on the outer surface acted as a fluorescent dye activatable by hyaluronidases (Hyals) in the tumor, and IR825 in the core as a photothermal agent...
April 8, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410440/control-of-liposomal-penetration-into-three-dimensional-multicellular-tumor-spheroids-by-modulating-liposomal-membrane-rigidity
#8
Yuki Takechi-Haraya, Yukihiro Goda, Kumiko Sakai-Kato
Effective penetration of drug-carrying nanoparticles into solid tumors is a major challenge in cancer therapy. Exploration of the physicochemical properties of nanoparticles that affect penetration efficiency is required to achieve maximum therapeutic effects. Here, we used confocal laser scanning microscopy to evaluate the efficiencies of penetration of fluorescently-labeled liposomes into three-dimensional spheroids composed of HeLa cells. The prepared liposomes were composed of phosphatidylcholines and varying contents of cholesterol and/or a polyethylene glycol-modified phospholipid...
April 14, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399342/uveal-melanoma-treatment-and-prognostication
#9
Mehmet Dogrusöz, Martine J Jager, Bertil Damato
Approximately 90% of uveal melanoma develop in the choroid, with the remainder arising in the ciliary body or the iris. The treatment of uveal melanoma is aimed at conserving the eye and useful vision, and, if possible, preventing metastatic disease. Enucleation is now reserved for tumors that are large and/or involve the optic disc, having largely been replaced by various forms of radiotherapy (plaque brachy-therapy, proton beam or stereotactic radiotherapy) and laser therapy. Whereas iridectomy and iridocyclectomy are widely performed, transscleral exoresection of choroidal tumors is performed only in a few centers because it requires special skills and hypotensive anesthesia...
March 2017: Asia-Pacific Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395135/ultrasmall-semimetal-nanoparticles-of-bismuth-for-dual-modal-computed-tomography-photoacoustic-imaging-and-synergistic-thermoradiotherapy
#10
Xujiang Yu, Ang Li, Chengzhi Zhao, Kai Yang, Xiaoyuan Chen, Wanwan Li
Multifunctional nanomaterials with integrated diagnostic and therapeutic functions, combination therapy to enhance treatment efficacy, as well as low toxicity have drawn tremendous attentions. Herein, we report a multifunctional theranostic agent based on peptide (LyP-1)-labeled ultrasmall semimetal nanoparticles of bismuth (Bi-LyP-1 NPs). Ultrasmall Bi NPs (3.6 nm) were facilely synthesized using oleylamine as the reducing agent and exhibited a higher tumor accumulation after being conjugated with the tumor-homing peptide LyP-1...
April 12, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389371/cus-nanoagents-for-photodynamic-and-photothermal-therapies-phenomena-and-possible-mechanisms
#11
Lihua Li, Leila H Rashidi, Mengyu Yao, Lun Ma, Lingling Chen, Junying Zhang, Yu Zhang, Wei Chen
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) and photothermal therapy (PTT) have been emerging as attractive and promising methods for tumor treatment in clinical approaches. CuS nanoparticles are effective and cost-effective agents for PTT. Recently, it was observed that CuS nanoparticles are also excellence candidates for PDT. However, the mechanisms for CuS nanoparticles as PDT agents have never been discussed. The goal here is to explore the killing mechanisms of CuS nanoparticles as PTT and PDT agents. CuS nanoparticles were synthesized by a simple wet chemistry method by coating with amphiphilic polymer and examined for their therapeutic potential on lung adenocarcinoma cell line SPC-A-1 in vitro and in vivo using a murine cancer model...
April 4, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385677/reactive-oxygen-species-activated-nanoparticles-with-tumor-acidity-internalization-for-precise-anticancer-therapy
#12
Hongzhang Deng, Xuefei Zhao, Liandong Deng, Jianfeng Liu, Anjie Dong
The fact that the sensitivities of different tumor cells and different individuals to the actions of drug delivery system varied greatly, restricted the anticarcinogen to a desired therapeutic concentration. How to determine the destiny of drug delivery system in space and time is the main challenge to realize the precise anticancer therapy. In this paper, we reported a preparation of degradable nanoparticles (designated Pros-PDC) loaded DOX and IR780 with three functional domains: the charge-conversional feature with long circulation time and enhanced internalization, light-triggered reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and subsequently ROS responsive anticancer drug release with a spatially and temporally precise fashion...
April 3, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385272/-retinopathy-of-prematurity
#13
REVIEW
V Promelle, S Milazzo
Retinopathy of prematurity is a retinal vasoproliferative disease affecting extremely preterm infants exposed to high concentrations of oxygen therapy. Infants born before 32 post-menstrual weeks or with a birth weight of less than 1500g should systematically have a dilated fundus examination. The time of screening and schedule for follow-up are guided by the various risk factors. This disease results from immaturity of the peripheral retinal vessels at the time of premature birth. The classification of ROP depends on the anteroposterior extent of involvement (from center to periphery: zone I, II and III), its extension in 30° sectors (clock hours) and its stage (stage 1 to 5)...
April 3, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378992/targeted-chemo-photodynamic-combination-platform-based-on-the-dox-prodrug-nanoparticles-for-enhanced-cancer-therapy
#14
Yumin Zhang, Fan Huang, Chunhua Ren, Lijun Yang, Jianfeng Liu, Zhen Cheng, Liping Chu, Jinjian Liu
Chemo-photodynamic combination therapy has been received widespread attention in cancer treatment due to its excellent characteristics, such as reducing the adverse side effects of chemo-drugs and improving the therapeutic effects for various cancers. In this study, RGD and DOX was conjugated to PEG by thiol-ene addition and Schiff's base reaction, respectively, to prepare the targeted and pH-sensitive antitumor prodrug nanoparticles (RGD-PEG-DOX NPs, RGD-NPs). Subsequently, the photosensitizer chlorin e6 (Ce6) was encapsulated into RGD-NPs, thus obtaining a simple and efficient chemo-photodynamic combination platform (RGD-PEG-DOX/Ce6 NPs, RGD-NPs/Ce6)...
April 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371376/a-smart-responsive-dual-aptamers-targeted-bubble-generating-nanosystem-for-cancer-triplex-therapy-and-ultrasound-imaging
#15
Feifei Zhao, Jie Zhou, Xiangjie Su, Yuhui Wang, Xiaosa Yan, Shaona Jia, Bin Du
The absence of targeted, single treatment methods produces low therapeutic value for treating cancers. To increase the accumulation of drugs in tumors and improve the treatment effectiveness, near-infrared 808 nm photothermal responsive dual aptamers-targeted docetaxel (DTX)-containing nanoparticles is proposed. In this system, DTX and NH4 HCO3 are loaded in thermosensitive liposomes. The surface of liposomes is coated with gold nanoshells and connected with sulfydryl (SH) modified AS1411 and S2.2 aptamers...
March 30, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369126/biocompatible-astaxanthin-as-a-novel-marine-oriented-agent-for-dual-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#16
Van Phuc Nguyen, Sung Won Kim, Hanna Kim, Hyejin Kim, Kwang Hyuk Seok, Min Jung Jung, Yeh-Chan Ahn, Hyun Wook Kang
The photothermal effect of a marine-oriented xanthophyll carotenoid, astaxanthin (AXT), was characterized based on its potential absorption of visible laser light and conversion of optical light energy into heat for thermal treatment. As an antioxidant and anticancer agent, AXT extracted from marine material can be utilized for photothermal therapy due to its strong light absorption. The current study investigated the feasibility of the marine-based material AXT to increase the therapeutic efficacy of chemo-photothermal therapy (PTT) by assessing photothermal sessions in both cells and tumor tissues...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368042/a-novel-treatment-for-metastatic-lymph-nodes-using-lymphatic-delivery-and-photothermal-therapy
#17
Adewale O Oladipo, Oluwatobi S Oluwafemi, Sandile P Songca, Ariunbuyan Sukhbaatar, Shiro Mori, Junnosuke Okajima, Atsuki Komiya, Shigenao Maruyama, Tetsuya Kodama
Systemic delivery of an anti-cancer agent often leads to only a small fraction of the administered dose accumulating in target sites. Delivering anti-cancer agents through the lymphatic network can achieve more efficient drug delivery for the treatment of lymph node metastasis. We show for the first time that polymeric gold nanorods (PAuNRs) can be delivered efficiently from an accessory axillary lymph node to a tumor-containing proper axillary lymph node, enabling effective treatment of lymph node metastasis...
April 3, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364861/laser-therapy-for-the-restoration-of-vaginal-function
#18
REVIEW
Marco Gambacciani, Santiago Palacios
Laser therapy has a therapeutic role in various medical conditions and most recently has gained interest as a non-hormonal treatment for genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) and as a non-invasive option for stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Several therapies are available to alleviate GSM symptoms, including hormonal and non-hormonal products. Both microablative fractional CO2 laser and the non-ablative vaginal Er:YAG laser (VEL) induce morphological changes in the vaginal tissues, and data from non-randomized clinical trials suggest that laser therapy can alleviate vaginal dryness and dyspareunia...
May 2017: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363771/gold-nanoshell-based-betulinic-acid-liposomes-for-synergistic-chemo-photothermal-therapy
#19
Yanping Liu, Xuwu Zhang, Zhiwei Liu, Longgang Wang, Liyao Luo, Meili Wang, Qianqian Wang, Dawei Gao
A novel synthesis approach is first developed to fabricate a multifunctional smart nanodrug delivery system: gold nanoshell-coated betulinic acid liposomes (AuNS-BA-Lips) mediated by a glutathione. The AuNS-BA-Lips exhibited good size distribution (149.4±2.4nm), preferable photothermal conversion ability and synergistic chemo-photothermal therapy. Additionally, the absorption wavelength of AuNS-BA-Lips showed a significantly red-shifted to near infrared (NIR) region, which can strongly absorbed NIR laser and efficiently convert it into localized heat, thus providing controlled drug release and antitumor thermotherapy...
March 29, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363247/gene-delivery-of-calreticulin-anti-angiogenic-domain-attenuates-the-development-of-choroidal-neovascularization-in-rats
#20
Youn-Shen Bee, Leilei Tu, Shwu-Jiuan Sheu, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Jia-Hua Tang, Jiang-Hui Wang, Selwyn M Prea, Gregory J Dusting, Deng-Chyang Wu, Jingxiang Zhong, Bang V Bui, Ming-Hong Tai, Guei-Sheung Liu
Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a common pathological feature in neovascular age-related macular degeneration which is the leading cause of vision loss amongst elderly populations in developed countries. In this study, we evaluated the effect of a novel endogenous inhibitor of angiogenesis, calreticulin anti-angiogenic domain (CAD), subconjunctivally delivered by an adenoviral vector (Ad-CAD) in a rat model of laser-induced CNV. CAD was expressed in Ad-CAD infected cells and inhibited the angiogenic activity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells in vitro...
March 31, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
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