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mucus fishing

Márcio Moreira, Marcelino Herrera, Pedro Pousão-Ferreira, Jose Ignacio Navas Triano, Florbela Soares
Amyloodiniosis is a parasitological disease caused by one of the most common and important parasitic dinoflagellates in fish, Amyloodinium ocellatum (Brown), that represents a major bottleneck for gilthead seabream semi-intensive aquaculture in Southern Europe. In this experiment, we analyzed some metabolic, osmoregulatory and stress indicators to elucidate some of the physiological responses of gilthead sea bream when exposed to an A. ocellatum outbreak. We observed significant differences between Control and Infection groups in the cortisol, lactate and gill Na+/K+-ATPase (NKA) activity levels but that glucose, osmolarity, pH and total protein did not present such differences...
March 5, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Xiao-Hong Pu, Qing Ye, Jun Yang, Hong-Yan Wu, Xi-Wei Ding, Jiong Shi, Liang Mao, Xiang-Shan Fan, Jun Chen, Yu-Dong Qiu, Qin Huang
Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is a subtype of primary liver cancer rarely curable by surgery that is increasing rapidly in incidence. Chromosomal translocations and amplifications of the fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) locus are present in several kinds of tumors including ICC, but their incidence has not been assessed in Chinese patients. Using break-apart probes and by determining the ratios of FGFR2/chromosome enumeration probe (CEP) 10 double-color probes, we evaluated 122 ICCs for the presence of FGFR2 translocations and amplifications, respectively, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)...
March 4, 2018: Human Pathology
Jing Zhao, Xiaotong Chen, J Zheng, M Kong, B Wang, W Ding
BACKGROUND: ROS1 immunohistochemistry (IHC) using D4D6 antibody is a useful tool for screening patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) slated for targeted therapy. Many studies and our data have identified cases that express the ROS1 protein strongly but are negative for ROS1 by fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). The present study investigated the driver mutation and clinicopathologic characteristics of 26 discordant cases (ROS1 IHC-positive but FISH-negative) to find new clues for distinguishing real ROS1-rearranged cases...
February 21, 2018: Histopathology
F A Guardiola, A Bahi, A M Jiménez-Monreal, M Martínez-Tomé, M A Murcia, M A Esteban
Improving fish defense through the preventive administration of immunostimulants has an important role in controlling the outbreak of the disease in aquaculture. As a continuity of our previous studies, this paper describes the effects of dietary fenugreek (Trigonella foenum graecum) seeds on the skin mucosal antioxidant status and immune response of gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Fish were fed with four experimental diets: one a basal diet (control) and three diets with powdered fenugreek seeds incorporated in the fish feed at 1%, 5%, and 10%...
February 17, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Ali Taheri Mirghaed, Peyman Yarahmadi, Seyed Hossein Hosseinifar, Davood Tahmasebi, Nahid Gheisvandi, Alireza Ghaedi
The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of single or combined administration of dietary fermentable fiber (Vitacel®) and probiotic PrimaLac® on mucosal immune parameters, digestive enzyme activity, gut microbiota and growth performance of Caspian white fish (Rutilus frisii kutum) fingerlings. Fish were transferred to laboratory, acclimatized for two weeks and then fish (0.56 ± 0.026 g) were allocated into 12 tanks (30 fish per tank). Triplicate groups were fed a basal diet (Control) or basal diet supplemented with fermentable fiber [Vitacel®] (FF), probiotic [PrimaLac®] (P) and combined fermentable fiber and probiotic (FF + P)...
February 7, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Silvana Teresa Tapia-Paniagua, Diana Ceballos-Francisco, Ma Carmen Balebona, María Ángeles Esteban, Miguel Ángel Moriñigo
Interest in fish skin immunity and its associated microbiota has greatly increased among immunologists. The objective of this study is to know if skin ulcers may be associated with changes in the mucus composition and microbial diversity. The abundance of terminal carbohydrates, several enzymes (protease, antiprotease, peroxidase, lysozyme) and total immunoglobulin M levels were evaluated in skin mucus of experimentally ulcered gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata L.). Furthermore, the composition of the microbiota of ulcered and non-ulcered skin has been determined using Illumina Miseq technology...
February 5, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Simon A Wentworth, Katrina Thede, Varsha Aravindabose, Ian Monroe, Andrew W Thompson, Neil Molyneaux, Christopher L Owen, John R Burns, Agustin Gonzalez Vicente, Jeffrey L Garvin, Randall K Packer
In the face of ongoing climate change, it is imperative to understand better the effects of temperature on immune function in freshwater teleosts. It is unclear whether previously observed changes were caused by temperature per se. We studied changes in the gill transcriptome of fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) at low temperature to understand better the effects of temperature on immune function. De novo assembly of the transcriptome using Trinity software resulted in 73,378 assembled contigs. Annotation using the Trinotate package yielded 58,952 Blastx hits (accessions)...
January 29, 2018: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Matthew A Kolmann, Jonathan M Huie, Kory Evans, Adam P Summers
Although rare within the context of 30 000 species of extant fishes, scale-feeding as an ecological strategy has evolved repeatedly across the teleost tree of life. Scale-feeding (lepidophagous) fishes are diverse in terms of their ecology, behaviour, and specialized morphologies for grazing on scales and mucus of sympatric species. Despite this diversity, the underlying ontogenetic changes in functional and biomechanical properties of associated feeding morphologies in lepidophagous fishes are less understood...
January 2018: Royal Society Open Science
Narinder Kaur, Rahul Kumar, Dibyendu Kamilya
The present study investigated the modulation of systemic and mucosal immunity of catla (Catla catla) experimentally challenged with gill monogeneans. Fingerlings of catla (24.2 ± 1.5 g) without any parasites were randomly distributed into two groups each comprising quadruplicate tanks (10 fish per tank). The fish in the infected group were challenged with gill monogeneans by cohabitation method. The control group fish were not exposed to parasites. Serum and mucus were collected from both control and infected fish and different immunological parameters were measured at weekly interval for four weeks...
January 20, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Sonali Parida, Amruta Mohapatra, Banya Kar, Jyotirmaya Mohanty, Pramoda Kumar Sahoo
The knowledge of mucosa-associated molecular events that occur during infections is scarce despite the well-established importance of mucus in fish immunity. Using qRT-PCR, we analyzed the immune gene expression patterns in mucus of Labeo rohita experimentally infected with an ectoparasite Argulus siamensis. Mucus samples were collected at 0 h, 12 h, 24 h, 3 d, 7 d, 15 d, and 30 d post challenge of L. rohita with metanauplii of A. siamensis. All interleukins studied herein (IL 6, IL 15, and IL 1β) showed significant upregulation of expression levels in mucus of A...
March 26, 2018: Acta Parasitologica
Narayanan Gobi, Baskaralingam Vaseeharan, Jiann-Chu Chen, Ravichandran Rekha, Sekar Vijayakumar, Mahalingam Anjugam, Arokiadhas Iswarya
The present study evaluated the dietary supplementation of probiotic Bacillus licheniformis Dahb1 on the growth performance, immune parameters and antioxidant enzyme activities in serum and mucus as well as resistance against Aeromonas hydrophila in Mozambique tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. Fish (24 ± 2.5 g) were fed separately with three diets, 1) commercial diet (control), 2) diet containing probiotic at 105 cfu g-1 (D1), and 3) diet containing probiotic at 107 cfu g-1 (D2) for 4 weeks. Growth performance in term of final weight (FW), specific growth rate (SGR) and feed conversion ratio (FCR), immune parameters of total protein (TP), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), myeloperoxidase (MPO), lysozyme (LYZ), reactive oxygen species (ROS), reactive nitrogen species (RNS) and antioxidant parameters of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) in serum and mucus were evaluated after 2nd and 4th weeks...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Gianluca Accogli, Letizia Sion, Porzia Maiorano, Francesca Capezzuto, Gianfranco D'Onghia, Salvatore Desantis
Blackbelly rosefish Helicolenus dactylopterus is a zygoparous fish whose males are equipped with the copulating organ named urogenital papilla (UP). This study deals with the morphology and the glycoconjugate pattern of the UP epidermis, which is the male tissue interacting with the female internal body during copulation. The carbohydrate content was studied by means of conventional and lectin histochemistry. The epidermis was shown to be a stratified cuboidal epithelium and to exhibit characteristic intraepithelial pits in the apical zone...
December 26, 2017: Animal Reproduction Science
Sib Sankar Giri, Jin Woo Jun, Saekil Yun, Hyoun Joong Kim, Sang Guen Kim, Jeong Woo Kang, Sang Wha Kim, Se Jin Han, Se Chang Park, V Sukumaran
The present study was conducted to isolate and characterise Pb-resistant lactic acid bacteria (LAB), and thus determine their potential for use as probiotics against Pb toxicity. A total of 107 Pb-resistant LAB strains were isolated from the gut content of Cyprinus carpio, of which 41 were established to be gram-positive and catalase-negative. Investigation of the Pb-binding ability of these isolated LAB identified seven strains (P2, P6, P7, P9, P16, P19 and P22) with comparatively high Pb-binding activities...
December 28, 2017: Probiotics and Antimicrobial Proteins
María Carla Piazzon, Josep Alvar Calduch-Giner, Belén Fouz, Itziar Estensoro, Paula Simó-Mirabet, Mónica Puyalto, Vasileios Karalazos, Oswaldo Palenzuela, Ariadna Sitjà-Bobadilla, Jaume Pérez-Sánchez
BACKGROUND: The constant increase of aquaculture production and wealthy seafood consumption has forced the industry to explore alternative and more sustainable raw aquafeed materials, and plant ingredients have been used to replace marine feedstuffs in many farmed fish. The objective of the present study was to assess whether plant-based diets can induce changes in the intestinal mucus proteome, gut autochthonous microbiota and disease susceptibility of fish, and whether these changes could be reversed by the addition of sodium butyrate to the diets...
December 28, 2017: Microbiome
Yafang Ma, Guanghong Zhou, Yingqiu Li, Yingying Zhu, Xiaobo Yu, Fan Zhao, He Li, Xinglian Xu, Chunbao Li
SCOPE: Dietary fats have been shown to affect gut microbiota composition and aging gene expression of middle-aged rats at a normal dose, but little is known about such an effect on gut barrier. In this study, the changes in colonic Muc2 expression were investigated and the underlying mechanism was also proposed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Thirty-six middle-aged Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to one of diets containing soybean oil, lard or fish oil (4%). The rats were fed for 5 weeks and then goblet cells, Muc2 expression and inflammatory cytokines in the colon were measured...
December 26, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
Katie Dunkley, Jo Cable, Sarah E Perkins
Through the removal of parasites, dead skin and mucus from the bodies of visiting reef fish (clients), cleaner fish have a significant ecosystem function in the ecology of coral reefs. Cleaners gain nutrition from these interactions and through offering a 'service' are afforded protection from predators. Given these benefits, it is unclear why more fish do not engage in cleaning, and why part-time cleaning strategies exist. On coral reefs, dedicated species clean throughout their life, whereas some species are facultative, employing opportunistic and/or temporary cleaning strategies...
December 13, 2017: Behavioural Processes
Ayan Srivastava, Ashwini Kumar Nigam, Swati Mittal, Ajay Kumar Mittal
Enhancement of immune system seems to be the most promising method of preventing fish diseases. Several herbal products have immunostimulant properties, and are environmental friendly, economical and can act against a broad spectrum of pathogens. Present study was designed with an aim to evaluate the role of aloin, extracted from a herb Aloe barbadensis, in the modulation of certain immune parameters in an Indian major carp, Labeo rohita. Fishes were divided into control, vehicle control and aloin treated groups...
December 11, 2017: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
Héctor Cordero, Monica F Brinchmann, Alberto Cuesta, María A Esteban
BACKGROUND: Skin and its mucus are known to be the first barrier of defence against any external stressors. In fish, skin wounds frequently appear as a result of intensive culture and also some diseases have skin ulcers as external clinical signs. However, there is no information about the changes produced by the wounds in the mucosae. In the present paper, we have studied the alterations in the proteome map of skin mucus of gilthead seabream during healing of experimentally produced chronic wounds by 2-DE followed by LC-MS/MS...
December 2, 2017: BMC Genomics
Yuko Hasegawa, Jessica L Mark Welch, Blair J Rossetti, Gary G Borisy
Preservation of three-dimensional structure in the gut is necessary in order to analyze the spatial organization of the gut microbiota and gut luminal contents. In this study, we evaluated preparation methods for mouse gut with the goal of preserving micron-scale spatial structure while performing fluorescence imaging assays. Our evaluation of embedding methods showed that commonly used media such as Tissue-Tek Optimal Cutting Temperature (OCT) compound, paraffin, and polyester waxes resulted in redistribution of luminal contents...
2017: PloS One
Dong-Xing Zhang, Yuan-Huan Kang, Long Chen, Shahrood Ahmed Siddiqui, Chun-Feng Wang, Ai-Dong Qian, Xiao-Feng Shan
Aeromonas veronii is a gram-negative pathogen capable of infecting both fish and mammals, including humans, and natural infection in fish results in irreparable damage to the aquaculture industry. Lactic acid bacteria (LAB) have a number of properties that make them attractive candidates as delivery vehicles for presentation to the mucosa sites of compounds with pharmaceutical interest, in particular vaccines. In this study, we generated two recombinant Lactobacillus casei (surface-displayed or secretory) expressing the OmpAI of A...
January 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
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