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District nursing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317804/a-survey-on-undiagnosed-active-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-pregnant-mothers-in-mekelle-and-surrounding-districts-in-tigray-ethiopia
#1
Dawit Gebreegziabiher, Kelemework Adane, Markos Abebe
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence of undiagnosed active pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of symptom combinations for undiagnosed TB infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive and HIV-negative pregnant mothers attending antenatal care (ANC) clinics. Mycobacterium TB and HIV are the leading causes of death among women of reproductive age worldwide. Symptom screening is the first step in the World Health Organization (WHO)-recommended TB intensified case finding algorithm for people living with HIV...
January 2017: International Journal of Mycobacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301593/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-south-african-healthcare-workers-regarding-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-influenza-among-hiv-infected-individuals
#2
Jazmin Duque, Sisanda Gaga, David Clark, Madeleine Muller, Bulenani Kuwane, Cheryl Cohen, Sibongile Walaza, Stefano Tempia, Puleng Ramatoboe, Tsakani Furumele, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Meredith L McMorrow, Adam L Cohen
BACKGROUND: The South African Department of Health (DOH) publishes annual guidelines identifying priority groups, including immunosuppressed individuals and healthcare workers (HCW), for influenza vaccination and treatment. How these guidelines have impacted HCW and their patients, particularly those infected with HIV, remains unknown. METHODS: We aimed to describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding influenza and the vaccine among South African HCW...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294027/future-proof-powers
#3
Matt Griffiths
The community nurse formulary for v100 and v150 prescribers is being reviewed by Cardiff University and the British National Formulary (BNF). They are undertaking research into the clinical requirements of district nurses, health visitors and school nurses who prescribe using this formulary, to see what medicines they are prescribing and if any areas for expansion can be identified.
March 15, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291697/early-prehospital-assessment-of-non-urgent-patients-and-outcomes-at-the-appropriate-level-of-care-a-prospective-exploratory-study
#4
Glenn Larsson, Anders Holmén, Kristina Ziegert
INTRODUCTION: The Ambulance Organization of Sweden provides qualified medical assessment and treatment by ambulance nurses based on patient needs regarding appropriate levels of care. A new model for patients with non-urgent medical conditions has been introduced. The main objective of this study was to examine early prehospital assessment of non-urgent patients, and its impact on the choice of the appropriate level of care. METHODS: The study design was a 1-year, prospective study, involving an ambulance district in southwestern Sweden with a population of 78,000...
March 10, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281430/provision-of-an-emergency-theatre-in-tertiary-hospitals-is-cost-effective-audit-and-cost-of-cancelled-planned-elective-general-surgical-operations-at-pietersburg-hospital-limpopo-province-south-africa
#5
M M Z U Bhuiyan, R Mavhungu, A Machowski
BACKGROUND: Cancellations of planned elective surgical operations increase financial cost to the patient and the hospital. OBJECTIVES: To determine the rate and reasons for cancellations, estimate the cost incurred by such cancellations and recommend possible solutions. METHODS: We did a prospective descriptive study of cancellations of elective general surgical operations over the 1-year period January - December 2014 in the main theatre at Pietersburg (PTB) Hospital, Limpopo Province, South Africa...
February 27, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274607/understanding-the-magnitude-of-occupational-exposure-to-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-uptake-of-hiv-post-exposure-prophylaxis-among-healthcare-workers-in-a-rural-district-in-tanzania
#6
P Mabwe, A T Kessy, I Semali
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to blood or other body fluids in healthcare settings puts healthcare workers (HCWs) at risk of acquiring human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. It is estimated that between 200 and 5000 HIV infections are transmitted annually to HCWs worldwide. Use of post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been documented to reduce the rate of HIV infection from workplace exposures by 81%. AIM: To investigate the extent of occupational exposure to HIV infection during the period of 12 months before the survey and to identify factors associated with uptake of PEP services among HCWs...
January 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274207/factors-associated-with-early-age-at-menarche-among-thai-adolescents-in-bangkok-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Pongsak Noipayak, Petch Rawdaree, Busaba Supawattanabodee, Sumonmal Manusirivitthaya
BACKGROUND: The age at menarche in the Thai population has not been determined since 1997. This study recruited adolescents in Bangkok Metropolis to determine the age at menarche and its associations with health and socioeconomic status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a two-step stratified sampling strategy to recruit 1,020 female students, aged 10-16 years, from schools in Dusit district, Bangkok, Thailand. Self-reported data on age at menarche and social determinants of health were collected from participants and their parents...
March 9, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265481/anaphylaxis-in-schools-results-of-the-epipen4schools-survey-combined-analysis
#8
Martha V White, Susan L Hogue, Dawn Odom, Darryl Cooney, Jennifer Bartsch, Diana Goss, Kelly Hollis, Christopher Herrem, Suyapa Silvia
A pilot survey described the characteristics of anaphylactic events occurring in an initial set of participating U.S. schools during the 2013-2014 school year. This survey was subsequently readministered to large school districts, which were underrepresented in initial results. A cross-sectional survey was administered to the U.S. schools that were participating in the EPIPEN4SCHOOLS(®) program (Mylan Specialty L.P., Canonsburg, PA) to assess characteristics of anaphylactic events. Data from large school districts were added to initial findings in this comprehensive combined analysis...
September 1, 2016: Pediatric Allergy, Immunology, and Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260242/analyzing-who-when-and-where-data-for-better-targeting-of-resources-for-school-based-asthma-interventions
#9
Loren H Raun, Laura A Campos, Elizabeth Stevenson, Katherine B Ensor, Gwen Johnson, David Persse
BACKGROUND: Rates of uncontrolled asthma vary by demographics, space, and time. This article uses data on ambulance-treated asthma attacks in children to analyze these variations so that school districts can improve their asthma management interventions. METHODS: Incidence rates of 1826 ambulance-treated asthma attacks for children aged 5-18 years were calculated for school zones for elementary, middle, and high schools in the Houston (Texas) Independent School District (HISD)...
April 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258498/mortality-risk-among-screened-subjects-of-the-specific-health-check-and-guidance-program-in-japan-2008-2012
#10
Kunitoshi Iseki, Koichi Asahi, Kunihiro Yamagata, Shouichi Fujimoto, Kazuhiko Tsuruya, Ichiei Narita, Tsuneo Konta, Masato Kasahara, Yugo Shibagaki, Hisako Yoshida, Toshiki Moriyama, Masahide Kondo, Chiho Iseki, Tsuyoshi Watanabe
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the Specific Health Check and Guidance (Tokutei-Kenshin) has started in 2008. However, the relationship between the baseline characteristics and mortality has not been examined. METHODS: Subjects were those who participated at the 2008 Tokutei-Kenshin in six districts with baseline data of serum creatinine. Using National database of death certificate from 2008 to 2012, we identified those who might have died and confirmed further with the collaborations of the regional National Health Insurance agency and public health nurses...
March 3, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28255069/sexual-well-being-in-cancer-and-palliative-care-an-assessment-of-healthcare-professionals-current-practice-and-training-needs
#11
Aoife Gleeson, Emily Hazell
: Sexual well-being is often significantly affected by cancer and its treatments. Previous research shows that a patient's sexual well-being is often overlooked in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were twofold. First, to determine the current practice of healthcare professionals (HCPs) working with cancer and palliative care patients in primary and secondary care settings in relation to sexual well-being. Second, to determine the education requirements of HCPs regarding the management of sexual well-being concerns of cancer/palliative care patients...
March 2, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252328/the-impact-of-medical-technology-on-sense-of-security-in-the-palliative-home-care-setting
#12
Berit Munck, Anna Sandgren
The increase in the use of medical devices in palliative home care requires that patients and next-of-kin feel secure. Therefore, the aim was to describe medical technology's impact on the sense of security for patients, next-of-kin and district nurses. Deductive content analysis was conducted on data from three previous studies, using the theoretical framework 'palliative home care as a secure base'. The use of medical technology was shown to have an impact on the sense of security for all involved. A sense of control was promoted by trust in staff and their competence in managing the technology, which was linked to continuity...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252324/managing-data-subject-access-requests
#13
Richard Griffith
The Data Protection Act 1998 requires district nurses to process personal patient data fairly and lawfully by keeping accurate, contemporaneous and secure records. Patients who have concerns about the accuracy of their record can seek access to the record under the 1998 Act. In this article, Richard Griffith considers the requirements for requesting and granting access to a patient to view and obtain a copy of their health record.
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252323/insulin-knowledge-and-practice-a-survey-of-district-nurses-in-northern-ireland
#14
Alison Robb, Bernie Reid, Elizabeth A Laird
Insulin is one of the top ten high-alert medications worldwide. Approximately 30% of people with diabetes in the UK use injectable therapies, most commonly insulin, to manage their condition. With an increasing number of people with diabetes being managed within the community, district nurses play an important role in the safe and effective use of insulin. This study surveyed a convenience sample of 164 district nurses working within one Health and Social Care Trust in Northern Ireland to ascertain their knowledge and practice regarding insulin...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Community Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250716/counseling-patients-and-family-members-in-out-of-hospital-emergency-situations-a-survey-for-emergency-staff
#15
Eija Paavilainen, Riitta Mikkola, Mari Salminen-Tuomaala, Päivi Leikkola
BACKGROUND: Not much is known about emergency care delivered in patients' homes or other out-of-hospital settings. This study aims to describe out-of-hospital emergency staff's experiences of encountering and counseling patients and their family members. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional design was applied. Data were collected from a hospital district in Finland from emergency care staff via an electronic survey questionnaire specifically developed for this purpose (N = 125, N = 142 reponse rate 59%, response rate 53%) and analyzed using descriptive statistics...
2017: BMC Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249573/dangerous-practices-in-a-hemodialysis-unit-in-vietnam-identify-from-mixed-methods
#16
Minh Cuong Duong, Mary-Louise McLaws
BACKGROUND: Non-compliance with infection control practices poses a serious risk to patients receiving chronic hemodialysis. We aimed to identify the type and frequency of non-compliance with infection control practices in a hemodialysis unit in Vietnam where a large outbreak of hepatitis C infection had occurred. METHODS: Mixed methods approach included observations and discussions of non-compliance with all 12 nurses at the Hemodialysis Unit, District-6 Hospital in Ho Chi Minh City...
March 1, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249546/assessment-of-palliative-care-services-in-western-kenya
#17
Hijab Zubairi, Priyanka Tulshian, Sarah Villegas, Brett D Nelson, Kennedy Ouma, Thomas F Burke
BACKGROUND: The need for palliative care services is rapidly increasing due to the rising number of patients with non-communicable diseases. The objective of this study was to assess the current availability and barriers to palliative care and healthcare worker knowledge and perceptions on palliative pain control in western Kenya. METHODS: An evidence-based 40-question assessment tool was conducted between October 2015 and February 2016 in Siaya County, western Kenya...
January 19, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235324/you-can-treat-my-hiv-but-can-you-treat-my-blood-pressure-availability-of-integrated-hiv-and-non-communicable-disease-care-in-northern-malawi
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Colin Pfaff, Vera Scott, Risa Hoffman, Beatrice Mwagomba
BACKGROUND: Many patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Malawi have or will develop non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The current capacity of ART sites to provide care for NCDs is not known. AIM: This study aimed to assess the capacity of ART sites to provide care for hypertension and diabetes in rural Malawi. SETTING: Twenty-five health centres and five hospitals in two rural districts in northern Malawi. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed between March and May 2014 at all facilities...
February 15, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230728/optimistic-bias-risk-factors-and-development-of-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-among-african-american-adolescents-in-mississippi-usa
#19
Monique S White, Clifton C Addison, Brenda W Campbell Jenkins, Vanessa Bland, Adrianne Clark, Donna Antoine LaVigne
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions and is linked to hypertension among African American youth. Optimistic bias influences behavior of youth causing them to underestimate their susceptibility to negative health outcomes. This study explored adolescent behaviors and prevalence of high blood pressure and obesity in a school district. We examined the relationship between individual health risk practices and optimistic bias on health outcomes; 433 African American high school students were administered a survey and had their obesity and blood pressure measured by the school nurse...
February 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222754/exploring-stakeholders-perceptions-of-a-task-shifting-strategy-for-hypertension-control-in-ghana-a-qualitative-study
#20
Juliet Iwelunmor, Joyce Gyamfi, Jacob Plange-Rhule, Sarah Blackstone, Nana Kofi Quakyi, Michael Ntim, Ferdinand Zizi, Kwasi Yeboah-Awudzi, Alexis Nang-Belfubah, Gbenga Ogedegbe
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore stakeholders' perception of an on-going evidence-based task-shifting strategy for hypertension (TASSH) in 32 community health centers and district hospitals in Ghana. METHODS: Using focus group discussions and in-depth interviews, qualitative data were obtained from 81 key stakeholders including patients, nurses, and site directors of participating community health centers involved in the TASSH trial. Qualitative data were analyzed using open and axial coding techniques...
February 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
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