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District nursing

India D Rose, Ganna Sheremenko, Catherine N Rasberry, Catherine A Lesesne, Susan N Hocevar Adkins
Schools play an integral role in creating safe, supportive environments for students, especially for sexual minority youth (SMY). Using 2016 questionnaire data from seven high schools in a Florida school district, we obtained a sample of 1,364 SMY. Logistic regressions controlling for sex (as applicable), age, grade, race/ethnicity, and school explored differences between SMY and nonsexual minority youth (non-SMY). Sex differences related to school environment perceptions and experiences related to safety, bullying, and hearing homophobic remarks were also explored...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Clarice Okumu, Boniface Oyugi
BACKGROUND: This study intended to compare the clients' satisfaction with the quality of childbirth services in a private and public facility amongst mothers who have delivered within the last twenty four to seventy hours. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional comparative research design with both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Data were collected through a focused group discussion guide and structured questionnaire collecting information on clients' satisfaction with quality of childbirth services...
2018: PloS One
Isabelle Dibu Mulango, Julius Atashili, Bradley N Gaynes, Tsi Njim
BACKGROUND: Mental health and mental illness are often overlooked in the management of patients in our health services. Depression is a common mental disorder worldwide. Recognising and managing mental illnesses such as depression by primary health care providers (PHCPs) is crucial. This study describes the knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of PHCPs regarding depression in Fako Division. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among PHCPs (general practitioners, nurses, pharmacy attendants and social workers) in public-owned health facilities in the four health districts in Fako Division...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
Sanjay Chauhan, Sayeed Unisa, Beena Joshi, Ragini Kulkarni, Amarjeet Singh, Thilakavathi Subramanian, Ramendra Narayan Chaudhuri, A C Baishya, Shalini Bharat, Anushree Patil, Achhelal Pasi, Dinesh Agarwal
Background: Infertility is a neglected service component in the public health-care system in India. Objectives: This study aims to assess the availability and practices on prevention and management services for infertility in the district health system. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey of selected health facilities and the staff from 12 district hospitals (DHs), 24 community health centers (CHCs), 48 primary health centers (PHCs), and 48 subcenters was conducted using qualitative and quantitative methods...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
Susan Bidwell, Andrea Copeland
INTRODUCTION Pegasus Health Charitable Ltd, a Christchurch Primary Health Organisation, is contracted by the Canterbury District Health Board to provide continuing professional development for primary care practitioners in the region. Rurally located health practitioners have largely been unable to participate because of the travel time and distances involved. AIM The initiative reported in this paper aimed to fill this gap by developing an accessible and high-quality multidisciplinary model of professional development for general practitioners, nurse practitioners, practice nurses and community pharmacists in rural areas of North Canterbury, New Zealand...
December 2017: Journal of Primary Health Care
Eva M Luo, Henry S Opare-Ado, Joseph Adomako, Kwabena A Danso, Talya Peltzman, Frank W J Anderson
Introduction To provide a qualitative perspective on the changes that occurred after newly placed OB/GYNs began working at district hospitals in Ashanti, Ghana. Methods Structured interviews of healthcare professionals were conducted at eight district hospitals located throughout the Ashanti district of Ghana, four with and four without a full-time OB/GYN on staff. Individuals interviewed include: medical superintendents, medical officers, district hospital administrators, OB/GYNs (where applicable), and nurse-midwives...
March 8, 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Caroline Crehan, Tim Colbourn, Michelle Heys, Elizabeth Molyneux
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive respiratory support using bubble continuous positive airway pressure (bCPAP) is useful in treating babies with respiratory distress syndrome. Despite its proven clinical and cost-effectiveness, implementation is hampered by the inappropriate administration of bCPAP in low-resource settings. A clinical algorithm-'TRY' (based on Tone: good; Respiratory distress; Yes, heart rate above 100 beats/min)-has been developed to correctly identify which newborns would benefit most from bCPAP in a teaching hospital in Malawi...
March 7, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
May-Lill Johansen, Bente Ervik
BACKGROUND: Generalists such as general practitioners and district nurses have been the main actors in community palliative care in Norway. Specialised oncology nurses with postgraduate palliative training are increasingly becoming involved. There is little research on their contribution. This study explores how general practitioners (GPs) and oncology nurses (ONs) experience their collaboration in primary palliative care. METHODS: A qualitative focus group and interview study in rural Northern Norway, involving 52 health professionals...
March 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Medard Beyanga, Benson R Kidenya, Lisa Gerwing-Adima, Eleanor Ochodo, Stephen E Mshana, Christa Kasang
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) contact tracing is a key strategy for containing TB and provides addition to the passive case finding approach. However, this practice has not been implemented in Tanzania, where there is unacceptably high treatment gap of 62.1% between cases estimated and cases detected. Therefore calls for more aggressive case finding for TB to close this gap. We aimed to determine the magnitude and predictors of bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary TB among household contacts of bacteriologically-confirmed pulmonary TB index cases in the city of Mwanza, Tanzania...
March 6, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Kristine M L'Ecuyer, Shelley von der Lancken, Diane Malloy, Geralyn Meyer, Matthew J Hyde
BACKGROUND: The clinical education of undergraduate nursing students relies heavily on the use of staff nurses who assume the preceptor role. The best and most efficient utilization of preceptors is unknown. METHOD: This study reviewed Board of Nursing rules and regulations for all 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the U.S. territories for their published requirements regarding preceptors. Specifically, this review focused on preceptor-student and faculty-student ratios, role responsibilities, and requirements of preceptors and faculty in undergraduate precepted clinical experiences...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Education
Kayoko Ohnishi, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Jun Nakahara, Maritta Välimäki, Raija Kontio, Minna Anttila
BACKGROUND: Moral distress occurs when one knows the right thing to do, but institutional constraints make it nearly impossible to pursue the right course of action. Moral distress was found to cause negative feelings, burnout, and/or resignation. Not only external factors such as lack of staff but also internal ones affect moral distress. Moral sensitivity, which is thought of as an advantage of nurses, could effect moral distress, as nurses being unaware of existing ethical problems must feel little distress...
January 1, 2018: Nursing Ethics
Michelle Giles, Vicki Parker, Jane Conway, Rebecca Mitchell
BACKGROUND: Clinical Leaders drive healthcare performance in the provision of safe high quality patient care by influencing others and augmenting change. Clinical leadership features strongly in Nurse Consultant (NC) roles and holds potential to strengthen the NC's place in healthcare teams, making their contribution as clinical leaders more recognisable. This study explores how clinical leadership is enacted through the NC role, providing understanding of the elements that influence their effectiveness as clinical leaders...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Mel Lienert-Brown, Peta Taylor, John Withington, Evelyn Lefebvre
BACKGROUND: The core of pre-registration nursing education is the learning that takes place during the clinical placement. However, despite the fact that registered nurse preceptors are key players in supporting students during their placements there is a lack of literature examining the views of preceptors working with nursing students in mental health settings. OBJECTIVES: To explore mental health nurses' views and experiences of working with undergraduate nursing students and determine what factors influence this experience...
February 26, 2018: Nurse Education Today
Richard Griffith
In this article the author discusses the Court of Appeal decision in R v Rose [2017] that redefines the threshold for prosecution for gross negligence manslaughter. The impact on district nurses will be that they are unlikely to face prosecution where a careless error contributed to a patient's death unless there was a serious and obvious risk of death at the time the error was made.
March 2, 2018: British Journal of Community Nursing
Stuart Evan Bond, Shelley P Crowther, Suman Adhikari, Adriana J Chubaty, Ping Yu, Jay P Borchard, Craig Steven Boutlis, Wilfred Winston Yeo, Spiros Miyakis
BACKGROUND: Internet-based learning for health professional education is increasing. It offers advantages over traditional learning approaches, as it enables learning to be completed at a time convenient to the user and improves access where facilities are geographically disparate. We developed and implemented the Vancomycin Interactive (VI) e-learning tool to improve knowledge on the clinical use of the antibiotic vancomycin, which is commonly used for treatment of infections caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
February 26, 2018: JMIR Medical Education
Juan Manuel Vélez, Rosa García, Enrique Pina, Cristóbal Morales, Carmen Escalera, Antonio Ortega, Blas Poyatos, Dolores Carrasco, Jesús Prieto, M Ángeles Eslava, J Antonio Corrales, María O Barón, Mercedes Llano, Francisco Ruiz, Romualdo Sánchez, Manuel Victorino Pino, M Luisa Redondo, Antonio Castellanos, Eduardo Mayoral
INTRODUCTION: The assessment of the Diabetes Mellitus 2 Care Process (PAI-DM2) through the assessment tool for the chronic illness' care models (IEMAC-Diabetes) allows the design of health interventions for the improvement of medical care. OBJECTIVE: Analysing the quality of healthcare provided to DM2 patients. DESIGN: Quasiexperimental study before and after intervention with a not randomised control group. LOCATION: Health care district of primary care Sevilla...
February 21, 2018: Atencion Primaria
Anatole Manzi, Laetitia Nyirazinyoye, Joseph Ntaganira, Hema Magge, Evariste Bigirimana, Leoncie Mukanzabikeshimana, Lisa R Hirschhorn, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier
BACKGROUND: Inadequate antenatal care (ANC) can lead to missed diagnosis of danger signs or delayed referral to emergency obstetrical care, contributing to maternal mortality. In developing countries, ANC quality is often limited by skill and knowledge gaps of the health workforce. In 2011, the Mentorship, Enhanced Supervision for Healthcare and Quality Improvement (MESH-QI) program was implemented to strengthen providers' ANC performance at 21 rural health centers in Rwanda. We evaluated the effect of MESH-QI on the completeness of danger sign assessments...
February 23, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Robin Chatters, Louise Newbould, Kirsty Sprange, Daniel Hind, Gail Mountain, Katy Shortland, Lauren Powell, Rebecca Gossage-Worrall, Tim Chater, Anju Keetharuth, Ellen Lee, Bob Woods
BACKGROUND: Recruiting isolated older adults to clinical trials is complex, time-consuming and difficult. Previous studies have suggested querying existing databases to identify appropriate potential participants. We aim to compare recruitment techniques (general practitioner (GP) mail-outs, community engagement and clinician referrals) used in three randomised controlled trial (RCT) studies assessing the feasibility or effectiveness of two preventative interventions in isolated older adults (the Lifestyle Matters and Putting Life In Years interventions)...
February 20, 2018: Trials
Matilda E Laar, Grace S Marquis, Anna Lartey, Katherine Gray-Donald
BACKGROUND: Length measurements are important in growth, monitoring and promotion (GMP) for the surveillance of a child's weight-for-length and length-for-age. These two indices provide an indication of a child's risk of becoming wasted or stunted, and are more informative about a child's growth than the widely used weight-for-age index (underweight). Although the introduction of length measurements in GMP is recommended by the World Health Organization, concerns about the reliability of length measurements collected in rural outreach settings have been expressed by stakeholders...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
Hakime Mustafaei Najaf-Abadi, Behrooz Rezaei
AIM: To assess the prevalence of health-promoting behaviours (HPBs) and their associations with some occupational factors among nurses. BACKGROUND: Health-promoting behaviours are significant indicators of health status. Nurses' HPBs may have a direct impact on patients' care and safety. METHODS: A descriptive, questionnaire design was conducted among nursing staff (n = 136) in a district hospital in Iran during 2015. Data was collected using a two-part questionnaire, which included the Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Management
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