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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054921/enhancing-diversity-in-undergraduate-science-self-efficacy-drives-performance-gains-with-active-learning
#1
Cissy J Ballen, Carl Wieman, Shima Salehi, Jeremy B Searle, Kelly R Zamudio
Efforts to retain underrepresented minority (URM) students in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) have shown only limited success in higher education, due in part to a persistent achievement gap between students from historically underrepresented and well-represented backgrounds. To test the hypothesis that active learning disproportionately benefits URM students, we quantified the effects of traditional versus active learning on student academic performance, science self-efficacy, and sense of social belonging in a large (more than 250 students) introductory STEM course...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053664/scientific-production-of-vice-chancellors-for-research-in-peruvian-universities-with-a-medical-school
#2
Percy Herrera-Añazco, Germán Valenzuela-Rodríguez, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Germán Málaga
OBJECTIVES: To determine the scientific production of Research Vice-chancellors at Peruvian universities that have medical schools, as well as their academic degrees as an indirect way to evaluate their suitability for the position they hold. METHODS: We searched all Peruvian universities that register medical schools. Of these, the scientific production of the universities registered in SCOPUS was identified in September of the 2016. The scientific production of the vice chancellors of investigation of these faculties of medicine was determined through the search of its scientific publications registered in SCOPUS and those reported in the National Registry of Researchers in Science and Technology...
October 19, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053532/using-a-complex-patient-management-scenario-to-help-bridge-the-education-practice-gap
#3
Adriane Burgess, Hannah Murphy Buc, Janice M Brennan
Preparing nursing students for transition to practice is challenging in light of the increasing complexity of today's health care environment. A clinical simulation was developed to engage senior-level bachelor of science in nursing students in the management of a critically ill patient whose deterioration warranted timely transfer to an intensive care unit. In this fast-paced, highly charged simulation, students were challenged to implement priority setting, delegation, communication methods, and teamwork...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053527/a-paradigm-shift-from-brick-and-mortar-full-time-nursing-faculty-off-campus
#4
Marlene Beck, Holly B Bradley, Linda L Cook, Joslin B Leasca, Tammy Lampley, JoAnne Gatti-Petito
The organizational structure for the Master of Science in Nursing's online program at Sacred Heart University offers a remarkably different innovative faculty model. Full-time, doctorally prepared faculty reside in several different states and teach online but are fully integrated and immersed in all aspects of the college of nursing. This untraditional model, which has proven to be successful over time using best practices for online education, is replicable and offers an innovative option for online learning...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053524/nursing-humanities-teaching-for-a-sense-of-salience
#5
Fidelindo Lim, Matthew John Marsaglia
Reports have indicated that nursing programs in the United States are not generally effective in teaching nursing science, natural science, the social sciences, and the humanities. The value of the lifelong study of humanities for nurses is the invitation for contemplation on the human experience so we can make informed moral, spiritual, and intellectual sense of the world. In essence, when we understand, we become more empathetic. This article adds to the call for teaching for a sense of salience in nursing through the meaningful synthesis of humanities in baccalaureate education...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#6
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053390/exploring-the-teaching-and-learning-of-clinical-reasoning-risks-and-benefits-of-cervical-spine-manipulation
#7
Katie Yamamoto, Luca Condotta, Chloe Haldane, Sahar Jaffrani, Victoria Johnstone, Patrick Jachyra, Barbara E Gibson, Euson Yeung
The aim of this study was to examine how risks and benefits of cervical spine manipulation (CSM) were framed and discussed in the context of mentorship and their impact on the perception of safe practice of CSM in clinical physiotherapy settings. A multi-method qualitative approach was employed, including a document analysis of established educational guidelines, observations of mentoring sessions, and individual face-to-face interviews with five mentees in the process of learning CSM, and four mentors with Orthopedic Manual Physical Therapy (OMPT) certification...
October 20, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052107/aspects-of-morality-and-law-enforcement-in-today-s-science-in-post-soviet-countries
#8
Jana Kliestikova, Tomas Kliestik, Maria Misankova, Tatiana Corejova, Anna Krizanova
Many reports independently confirm that even more than a quarter of a century after the collapse of the Soviet Union, the results of research and development in those countries that were under its influence are insufficient in comparison to the rest of the world. Given that human intelligence is not distributed unevenly and that science is a powerful driving force for the future of an economy, there is a hidden problem, which, if it can be resolved, may release great economic potential. The first generation of researchers from Armenia, Czech Republic, Georgia, Slovakia and Ukraine, who successfully completed their education after the political revolution, were surveyed...
October 20, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051721/a-comparison-of-medical-education-in-germany-and-the-united-states-from-applying-to-medical-school-to-the-beginnings-of-residency
#9
REVIEW
Dmitry Zavlin, Kevin T Jubbal, Jonas G Noé, Bernd Gansbacher
Both Germany and the United States of America have a long tradition of science and medical excellence reaching back as far as the nineteenth century. The same tribute must be paid to the medical educational system in both countries. Despite significant initial similarities and cross-inspiration, the paths from enrolling in a medical university to graduating as a medical doctor in Germany and the US seem to have become much different. To fill a void in literature, the authors' objective therefore is to delineate both structures of medical education in an up-to-date review and examine their current differences and similarities...
2017: German Medical Science: GMS E-journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049421/complementary-religious-and-spiritual-interventions-in-physical-health-and-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-clinical-trials
#10
Juliane Piasseschi de Bernardin Gonçalves, Giancarlo Lucchetti, Paulo Rossi Menezes, Homero Vallada
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether religious and spiritual interventions (RSIs) can promote physical health and quality of life in individuals. METHODS: The following databases were used to conduct a systematic review: PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Cochrane, and Scielo. Randomized controlled trials that evaluated RSIs regarding physical health outcomes and/or quality of life in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. RSI protocols performed at a distance (i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049416/musicians-have-better-memory-than-nonmusicians-a-meta-analysis
#11
Francesca Talamini, Gianmarco Altoè, Barbara Carretti, Massimo Grassi
BACKGROUND: Several studies have found that musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks, but this is not always the case, and the strength of this apparent advantage is unknown. Here, we conducted a meta-analysis with the aim of clarifying whether musicians perform better than nonmusicians in memory tasks. METHODS: Education Source; PEP (WEB)-Psychoanalytic Electronic Publishing; Psychology and Behavioral Science (EBSCO); PsycINFO (Ovid); PubMed; ScienceDirect-AllBooks Content (Elsevier API); SCOPUS (Elsevier API); SocINDEX with Full Text (EBSCO) and Google Scholar were searched for eligible studies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048453/bologna-process-and-basic-nursing-education-in-21-european-countries
#12
L Humar, J Sansoni
BACKGROUND: The Bologna Process and the Directives of the European Union have had a profound impact on nursing education in Europe. The aim of this study was to identify the similarities and differences within nursing education framework at entry level in 2014 in European countries. METHODS: A questionnaire was devised by the researchers and distributed via e-mail to the nursing associations/nursing regulatory bodies of 30 European countries. Data were collected from January to May 2014...
November 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048253/the-intersections-of-science-and-practice-examples-from-fitnessgram%C3%A2-programming
#13
Gregory J Welk
The FitnessGram® program has provided teachers with practical tools to enhance physical education programming. A key to the success of the program has been the systematic application of science to practice. Strong research methods have been used to develop assessments and standards for use in physical education, but consideration has also been given to ensure that programming meets the needs of teachers, students, parents, and other stakeholders. This essay summarizes some of these complex and nuanced intersections between science and practice with the FitnessGram® program...
October 19, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045273/oneflorida-clinical-research-consortium-linking-a-clinical-and-translational-science-institute-with-a-community-based-distributive-medical-education-model
#14
Elizabeth Shenkman, Myra Hurt, William Hogan, Olveen Carrasquillo, Steven Smith, Andrew Brickman, David Nelson
PROBLEM: Developing a national pragmatic clinical trial infrastructure is central to understanding the effectiveness of interventions applied under usual conditions and where people receive health care. To address this challenge, three Florida universities- the University of Florida Clinical and Translational Science Institute, Florida State University (with its community-based distributive medical education model), and the University of Miami-created (2010-2013) a statewide consortium, the OneFlorida Clinical Research Consortium, to support the conduct of pragmatic clinical trials and provide mentored research experiences for medical and graduate students in real-world practice settings...
October 17, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045004/wound-care-evidence-knowledge-and-education-amongst-nurses-a-semi-systematic-literature-review
#15
Lynn Welsh
The aims of this study were to determine the knowledge and skills of nurses involved in wound care, to provide a critical overview of the current evidence base underpinning wound care and to determine the extent of utilisation of existing evidence by nurses involved in the management of wounds in practice. A semi-systematic review of the literature was undertaken on Cinahl, Medline Science Direct and Cochrane using the search terms: wound, tissue viability, education, nurse, with limitations set for dates between 2009 and 2017 and English language...
October 17, 2017: International Wound Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043943/creating-a-role-for-embedded-librarians-within-an-active-learning-environment
#16
Dawn E Hackman, Marcia J Francis, Erika Johnson, Annie Nickum, Kelly Thormodson
In 2013, the librarians at a small academic health sciences library reevaluated their mission, vision, and strategic plan to expand their roles. The school was transitioning to a new pedagogical culture and a new building designed to emphasize interprofessional education and active learning methodologies. Subsequent efforts to implement the new strategic plan resulted in the librarians joining curriculum committees and other institutional initiatives, such as an Active Learning Task Force, and participating in faculty development workshops...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043942/the-librarian-s-contribution-to-continuing-medical-education
#17
Andrew L Gerber
At many hospitals, including Robert Wood Johnson (RWJ) University Hospital Rahway, librarians facilitate continuing medical education (CME) programs, sometimes working in that capacity as much as in their traditional librarian functions such as reference, research, cataloging, and bibliographic instruction. This column traces the relationship between the two aspects of the RWJ Rahway's CME coordinator and health sciences librarian's job to demonstrate that, because of their duties and skills, medical librarians can meaningfully contribute to hospitals' CME programs...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043095/applied-anatomy-today-s-requirement-for-clinical-medicine-courses
#18
Ahmad Farrokhi, Masoume Soleymaninejad, Mehrdad Ghorbanlou, Ramazan Fallah, Reza Nejatbakhsh
Anatomy as an indispensable part of the medical curricula, offering impeccable knowledge, prepares the students to enter the practical atmosphere. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical application of anatomy courses of the medical students in Zanjan University of Medical Sciences. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015 with census sampling on all clinical students (trainees and interns). To collect feedback from students, the questionnaire designed by researchers was used. The Likert rating scale of very high, high, medium, low, and very low was considered and scores of 5 (very high) to 1 (very low) were applied...
September 2017: Anatomy & Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043042/feedr-and-animalnexus-ca-a-paired-r-package-and-user-friendly-web-application-for-transforming-and-visualizing-animal-movement-data-from-static-stations
#19
Stefanie E LaZerte, Matthew W Reudink, Ken A Otter, Jackson Kusack, Jacob M Bailey, Austin Woolverton, Mark Paetkau, Adriaan de Jong, David J Hill
Radio frequency identification (RFID) provides a simple and inexpensive approach for examining the movements of tagged animals, which can provide information on species behavior and ecology, such as habitat/resource use and social interactions. In addition, tracking animal movements is appealing to naturalists, citizen scientists, and the general public and thus represents a tool for public engagement in science and science education. Although a useful tool, the large amount of data collected using RFID may quickly become overwhelming...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042383/health-education-for-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-umbrella-review-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses
#20
Xian-Liang Liu, Yan Shi, Karen Willis, Chiung-Jung Jo Wu, Maree Johnson
OBJECTIVES: This umbrella review aimed to identify the current evidence on health education-related interventions for patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM); identify the educational content, delivery methods, intensity, duration and setting required. The purpose was to provide recommendations for educational interventions for high-risk patients with both ACS and T2DM. DESIGN: Umbrella review of systematic reviews and meta-analyses...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
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