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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691944/developmental-performance-of-5-year-old-bulgarian-children-an-example-of-translational-neuroscience-in-practice
#1
Ralitsa Yordanova, Ivan Ivanov
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: Developmental testing is essential for early recognition of the various developmental impairments. The tools used should be composed of items that are age specific, adapted, and standardized for the population they are applied to. The achievements of neurosciences, medicine, psychology, pedagogy, etc. are applied in the elaboration of a comprehensive examination tool that should screen all major areas of development. The key age of 5 years permits identification of almost all major developmental disabilities leaving time for therapeutic intervention before school entrance...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691715/influence-of-sewage-sludge-as-a-substrate-in-the-plasticity-of-functional-characteristics-of-plants
#2
Vicente Elício Porfiro Sales Gonçalves da Silva, Patrícia Marques Carneiro Buarque, Wanessa Nepomuceno Ferreira, Hugo Leonardo de Brito Buarque, Maria Amanda Menezes Silva
This work aimed to evaluate the effect of sewage sludge application as fertilizer on the plasticity of functional characteristics of species commonly found in the Caatinga. The research was developed in the nursery of the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceará (IFCE), Quixadá campus, located in northeastern Brazil. Three treatments were applied: raw sludge, sanitized sludge, and no manipulation. In each treatment, five species were planted, each with five individuals, totaling 75 individuals, which were tagged, and 4 months after germination, they were destroyed to obtain dry matter content (TMSF) from leaf, stem (TMSC), fine root (TMSRF), and thick root (TMSRG); leaf area; height and diameter of the seedling; and length above and below the ground...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691151/red-blood-cells-still-vital-after-all-these-years-commentary-on-canadian-blood-services-international-symposium-2017
#3
REVIEW
Syed M Qadri, David A Donkor, Matthew Yan, Shuoyan Ning, Donald R Branch, Jerard Seghatchian, William P Sheffield
Canadian Blood Services (CBS), Canada's national blood transfusion service, has for many years sponsored an annual conference, for the education and awareness of interested participants, showcasing the latest evidence-based understanding of both basic science and clinical issues in transfusion medicine and science. The 15th iteration of this symposium took place September 9, 2017 and focused on some of the vital aspects of red blood cells (RBC), in line with the" 3Rs" concept, namely the provision of the Right red blood cell (RBC) product to the Right patient at the Right time...
April 19, 2018: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690870/palliative-care-for-homeless-people-a-systematic-review-of-the-concerns-care-needs-and-preferences-and-the-barriers-and-facilitators-for-providing-palliative-care
#4
Hanna T Klop, Anke J E de Veer, Sophie I van Dongen, Anneke L Francke, Judith A C Rietjens, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen
BACKGROUND: Homeless people often suffer from complex and chronic comorbidities, have high rates of morbidity and die at much younger ages than the general population. Due to a complex combination of physical, psychosocial and addiction problems at the end of life, they often have limited access to palliative care. Both the homeless and healthcare providers experience a lot of barriers. Therefore, providing palliative care that fits the needs and concerns of the homeless is a challenge to healthcare providers...
April 24, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690577/an-analysis-of-the-relationship-between-the-learning-process-and-learning-motivation-profiles-of-japanese-pharmacy-students-using-structural-equation-modeling
#5
Shigeo Yamamura, Rieko Takehira
Pharmacy students in Japan have to maintain strong motivation to learn for six years during their education. The authors explored the students’ learning structure. All pharmacy students in their 4th through to 6th year at Josai International University participated in the survey. The revised two factor study process questionnaire and science motivation questionnaire II were used to assess their learning process and learning motivation profiles, respectively. Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine a causal relationship between the latent variables in the learning process and those in the learning motivation profile...
April 23, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687454/interventions-for-implementation-of-thromboprophylaxis-in-hospitalized-patients-at-risk-for-venous-thromboembolism
#6
REVIEW
Susan R Kahn, David R Morrison, Gisèle Diendéré, Alexandre Piché, Kristian B Filion, Adi J Klil-Drori, James D Douketis, Jessica Emed, André Roussin, Vicky Tagalakis, Martin Morris, William Geerts
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in hospitalized patients. While numerous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have shown that the appropriate use of thromboprophylaxis in hospitalized patients at risk for VTE is safe, effective, and cost-effective, thromboprophylaxis remains underused or inappropriately used. Our previous review suggested that system-wide interventions, such as education, alerts, and multifaceted interventions were more effective at improving the prescribing of thromboprophylaxis than relying on individual providers' behaviors...
April 24, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686953/prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors-of-bronchial-asthma-in-children-in-santo-domingo-dominican-republic
#7
Stephanie G Mejias, Kamleshun Ramphul
Background Bronchial asthma is an important health problem worldwide. There is insufficient data on the prevalence of bronchial asthma among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Objective The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence of asthma and its related risk factors among school children in Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Materials and methods A cross-sectional study using a modified questionnaire was conducted in Santo Domingo among 600 children aged three to 11 eleven years...
February 20, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686498/innovating-to-educate-paediatric-consultant-generalists-for-the-new-canadian-health-care
#8
Gary Tithecott, Simon Levin, Guido Filler
Responsibility for training general paediatricians in Canada lies primarily with the 17 paediatric academic health sciences centres with more programmatic emphasis on subspecialty training and less on preparing residents for general paediatrics. However, the greatest unmet demand in the paediatric workforce will be for consulting paediatric generalists. Here, we define the need for paediatric generalists and list deficiencies in current models to promote more consulting community general paediatricians. The limited presence of general paediatricians as role models reduces the potential for learners to better understand the role of generalists in our specialty...
April 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685869/web-based-patient-education-in-orthopedics-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Tessa Dekkers, Marijke Melles, Bob Sander Groeneveld, Huib de Ridder
BACKGROUND: Patients with orthopedic conditions frequently use the internet to find health information. Patient education that is distributed online may form an easily accessible, time- and cost-effective alternative to education delivered through traditional channels such as one-on-one consultations or booklets. However, no systematic evidence for the comparative effectiveness of Web-based educational interventions exists. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to examine the effects of Web-based patient education interventions for adult orthopedic patients and to compare its effectiveness with generic health information websites and traditional forms of patient education...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685619/a-mediation-analysis-on-the-relationship-of-physical-fitness-components-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-children
#10
Adrià Muntaner-Mas, Palou Pere, Josep Vidal-Conti, Irene Esteban-Cornejo
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between a battery of obesity indicators and physical fitness components with academic performance in children and to explore the combined and mediation role of the physical fitness components in the relationship between obesity and academic performance in children. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study including data from 250 Spanish schoolchildren (Balearic Islands) between 10 and 12 years of age (mean age, 10.98 ± 0...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684833/antecedents-mediators-and-outcomes-of-authentic-leadership-in-healthcare-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Bayan Alilyyani, Carol A Wong, Greta Cummings
BACKGROUND: Leaders are essential in every organization to achieve patient safety and healthy work environments. Authentic leadership is a relational leadership style purported to promote healthy work environments that influence staff performance and organizational outcomes. Given recent growth in authentic leadership research in healthcare and the importance of new knowledge to inform leadership development, there is an obligation to determine what is known about the antecedents and outcomes of authentic leadership in healthcare settings and clarify mechanisms by which authentic leadership affects healthcare staff and patient outcomes...
April 7, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684180/benchmarking-the-physical-therapist-academic-environment-to-understand-the-student-experience
#12
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski, Kelly J Sass, Marcie Becker
Background: Identifying excellence in physical therapist academic environments is complicated by the lack of nationally available benchmarking data. Objective: The objective of this study was to compare a physical therapist academic environment to another health care profession (medicine) academic environment using the Association of American Medical Colleges Graduation Questionnaire (GQ) survey. Design: The design consisted of longitudinal benchmarking...
April 19, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682302/impact-of-an-educational-video-as-a-consent-tool-on-knowledge-about-cure-research-among-patients-and-caregivers-at-hiv-clinics-in-south-africa
#13
EDITORIAL
Melany Hendricks, Gonasagrie Nair, Ciara Staunton, Michael Pather, Nigel Garrett, Dianno Baadjies, Martin Kidd, Keymanthri Moodley
Background: Despite increasing access to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, only 54% of eligible individuals were receiving treatment in Africa by 2015. Recent developments in HIV cure research have been encouraging. However, the complex science and procedures of cure research render the informed consent process challenging. Objective: This study evaluates the impact of a video tool on educating participants about HIV cure. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the content of the video was administered to adults recruited from two clinics in South Africa...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682301/ethical-challenges-in-developing-an-educational-video-to-empower-potential-participants-during-consent-processes-in-hiv-cure-research-in-south-africa
#14
EDITORIAL
Ciara Staunton, Malcolm de Roubaix, Dianno Baatjies, Gill Black, Melany Hendricks, Theresa Rossouw, Keymanthri Moodley
Obtaining consent for HIV research is complex, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Low levels of education, complexity of science and research processes, confusion about basic elements of research, and socio-economic conditions that make access to medical care difficult have collectively led to concerns about the adequacy of the consent process. Given the exponential growth of HIV prevention and treatment research in South Africa, HIV researchers are increasingly facing challenges obtaining authentic informed consent from potential participants...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682245/caustic-ingestion-in-children-in-south-of-iran-a-two-year-single-center-study
#15
Seyed Mohsen Dehghani, Maryam Bahmanyar, Hazhir Javaherizadeh
BACKGROUND Caustic ingestion is one of the most important injuries during childhood, which leads to serious sequel. In this study, we evaluated the clinical manifestations, endoscopic appearance, complications, and treatment results in patients with caustic ingestion in our hospital. METHODS Hospital chart of patients with caustic ingestion who admitted to Nemazee Teaching Hospital affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences during a 2-year period (2015-2016) were reviewed retrospectively. The age, sex, nature of the caustic agent, clinical presentations, grade of injury in endoscopy, degree of parents' education, site of ingestion, accidental or intentional attempts, complications, and outcomes were reviewed...
January 2018: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682227/on-the-use-of-the-p300-as-a-tool-for-cognitive-processing-assessment-in-healthy-aging-a-review
#16
Sofia Cristina Iost Pavarini, Allan Gustavo Brigola, Bruna Moretti Luchesi, Érica Nestor Souza, Estefani Serafim Rossetti, Francisco José Fraga, Letícia Pimenta Costa Guarisco, Marélli Terassi, Nathalia Alves Oliveira, Priscilla Hortense, Renata Valle Pedroso, Ana Carolina Ottaviani
Changes in patterns of performance for the cognitive functions of memory, processing speed, and focused attention are expected in old age. Objective: The main goal of this systematic review was to analyze the use of ERP in healthy elderly in studies evaluating the P300 components. Methods: A systematic review was carried out based on recommendations for nursing research on the databases LILACS, PsycINFO, PubMed, SCOPUS and Web of Science . Results: 26 studies involving 940 healthy elderly were identified, most of which sought to identify and determine the influence of age on the P300...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680811/does-the-age-of-acute-care-physicians-impact-their-1-crisis-management-performance-and-2-learning-after-simulation-based-education-a-protocol-for-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study-in-toronto-and-ottawa-canada
#17
Fahad Alam, Vicki R LeBlanc, Alan Baxter, Jordan Tarshis, Dominique Piquette, Yuqi Gu, Caroline Filipkowska, Ashley Krywenky, Nicole Kester-Greene, Pierre Cardinal, Shelly Au, Sandy Lam, Sylvain Boet, Perioperative Anesthesia Clinical Trials Group
INTRODUCTION: The proportion of older acute care physicians (ACPs) has been steadily increasing. Ageing is associated with physiological changes and prospective research investigating how such age-related physiological changes affect clinical performance, including crisis resource management (CRM) skills, is lacking. There is a gap in the literature on whether physician's age influences baseline CRM performance and also learning from simulation. We aim to investigate whether ageing is associated with baseline CRM skills of ACPs (emergency, critical care and anaesthesia) using simulated crisis scenarios and to assess whether ageing influences learning from simulation-based education...
April 21, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677980/a-method-for-developing-standard-patient-education-program
#18
Carolina Bryne Lura, Sophie Misser Pallesgaard Hauch, Kirstine Rosenbeck Gøeg, Louise Pape-Haugaard
In Denmark, patients being treated on Haematology Outpatients Departments get instructed to self-manage their blood sample collection from Central Venous Catheter (CVC). However, this is a complex and risky procedure, which can jeopardize patient safety. The aim of the study was to suggest a method for developing standard digital patient education programs for patients in self-administration of blood samples drawn from CVC. The Design Science Research Paradigm was used to develop a digital patient education program, called PAVIOSY, to increase patient safety during execution of the blood sample collection procedure by using videos for teaching as well as procedural support...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677972/reflection-on-mobile-applications-for-blood-pressure-management-a-systematic-review-on-potential-effects-and-initiatives
#19
Reyhaneh Mohammadi, Movahhedeh Ayatolahi Tafti, Soodabeh Hoveidamanesh, Reza Ghanavati, Omid Pournik
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic heart disease and stroke have been considered as the first global leading cause of death in last decades [1]. Blood pressure (BP) management is one of the easiest ways suggested for preventing and controlling cardiovascular diseases before the patient develops complications and death-following outcomes. Appearance of technology advancements in the health system has motivated researchers and health providers to study its different aspects and applications in order to improve disease prevention and management...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677579/factors-underlying-perceptions-of-community-care-and-other-healthcare-areas-in-first-year-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-focus-group-study
#20
Margriet van Iersel, Corine H M Latour, Marjon van Rijn, Rien de Vos, Paul A Kirschner, Wilma J M Scholte Op Reimer
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing labour market shortage of well-educated community nurses, few baccalaureate nursing students choose for a career in community care. Obtaining knowledge of how students perceive healthcare areas early in their education is important to take meaningful steps in counteracting any existing misconceptions with targeted curriculum redesign. OBJECTIVE: Determination of factors underlying perceptions of healthcare areas in first-year baccalaureate nursing students...
April 13, 2018: Nurse Education Today
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