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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096704/neonatal-resuscitation-advances-in-training-and-practice
#1
REVIEW
Taylor Sawyer, Rachel A Umoren, Megan M Gray
Each year in the US, some four hundred thousand newborns need help breathing when they are born. Due to the frequent need for resuscitation at birth, it is vital to have evidence-based care guidelines and to provide effective neonatal resuscitation training. Every five years, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) reviews the science of neonatal resuscitation. In the US, the American Heart Association (AHA) develops treatment guidelines based on the ILCOR science review, and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) translates the AHA guidelines into an educational curriculum...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096687/coaching-and-barriers-to-weight-loss-an-integrative-review
#2
REVIEW
Karen Fernanda Muñoz Obino, Caroline Aguiar Pereira, Rafaela Siviero Caron-Lienert
INTRODUCTION: Coaching is proposed to raise a patient's awareness and responsibility for their health behaviour change by transforming the professional-patient relationship. OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on how coaching can assist in weight loss and improve a patient's state of health. METHODOLOGY: An integrative literature search was performed using PubMed, Latin American and Caribbean Literature in Health Sciences, and Scientific Electronic Library Online...
2017: Diabetes, Metabolic Syndrome and Obesity: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096504/opportunity-for-marine-fisheries-reform-in-china
#3
Ling Cao, Yong Chen, Shuanglin Dong, Arthur Hanson, Bo Huang, Duncan Leadbitter, David C Little, Ellen K Pikitch, Yongsong Qiu, Yvonne Sadovy de Mitcheson, Ussif Rashid Sumaila, Meryl Williams, Guifang Xue, Yimin Ye, Wenbo Zhang, Yingqi Zhou, Ping Zhuang, Rosamond L Naylor
China's 13th Five-Year Plan, launched in March 2016, provides a sound policy platform for the protection of marine ecosystems and the restoration of capture fisheries within China's exclusive economic zone. What distinguishes China among many other countries striving for marine fisheries reform is its size-accounting for almost one-fifth of global catch volume-and the unique cultural context of its economic and resource management. In this paper, we trace the history of Chinese government priorities, policies, and outcomes related to marine fisheries since the 1978 Economic Reform, and examine how the current leadership's agenda for "ecological civilization" could successfully transform marine resource management in the coming years...
January 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096031/the-effect-of-nurse-led-care-on-stability-time-in-therapeutic-range-of-inr-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-receiving-warfarin
#4
Mina Amiri, Marzieh Kargar, Afshin Borhanihaghighi, Fahimeh Soltani, Najafe Zare
PURPOSE: The current study is designed in order to investigate the effect of nurse-led care (the supportive and educational measurements by nurses) on stability time in therapeutic range of INR in ischemic stroke patients receiving Warfarin. METHOD: In this quasi-experimental study, 80 ischemic stroke patients were investigated, 40 patients in experimental group and 40 in the control group referred to the nurse-based warfarin clinics affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095758/ethical-difficulties-in-healthcare
#5
Cinzia Leuter, Carmen La Cerra, Santina Calisse, Danila Dosa, Cristina Petrucci, Loreto Lancia
BACKGROUND: Advances in biomedical sciences, technologies and care practices have resulted in an increase in ethical problems and a resulting growth of difficulties encountered by health workers in their professional activity. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to analyse knowledge in the ethical field and experience with and the propensity for using ethics consultations by nurses and physicians. METHODS: Between March and June 2014, a cross-sectional observational study was conducted on a sample of 351 nurses and 128 physicians in four central Italian hospitals...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095097/facilitating-awareness-of-philosophy-of-science-ethics-and-communication-through-manual-skills-training-in-undergraduate-education
#6
Hilde Lund Kordahl, Marit Fougner
BACKGROUND: Professional health science education includes a common theoretical basis concerning the theory of science, ethics and communication. Former evaluations by first-year students of the bachelor physiotherapy program at Oslo and Akershus University College of Applied Sciences (HiOA) show that they find it hard to understand the relation between these particular topics and future professional practice. This challenge is the starting point for a pedagogical development project that aims to develop learning contexts that highlight the relevance of these theoretical concepts...
January 17, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093058/off-label-prescribing-of-psychotropic-medication-2005-2013-an-examination-of-potential-influences
#7
Peggy L O'Brien, Nicholas Cummings, Tami L Mark
OBJECTIVE: This study examined rates of psychotropic prescriptions for various on- and off-label uses in 2005 and 2013 in the context of changes in labeled indications. METHODS: The National Disease and Therapeutic Index, a survey of nationally representative office-based physicians that identifies the diagnosis attached to each prescription, was used to capture the number of psychiatric medications prescribed for a particular diagnosis in 2005 (N=4,120) and 2013 (N=4,140)...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091976/effectiveness-of-various-innovative-learning-methods-in-health-science-classrooms-a-meta-analysis
#8
Sema A Kalaian, Rafa M Kasim
This study reports the results of a meta-analysis of the available literature on the effectiveness of various forms of innovative small-group learning methods on student achievement in undergraduate college health science classrooms. The results of the analysis revealed that most of the primary studies supported the effectiveness of the small-group learning methods in improving students' academic achievement with an overall weighted average effect-size of 0.59 in standard deviation units favoring small-group learning methods...
January 13, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079725/new-medicine-for-the-u-s-health-care-system-training-physicians-for-structural-interventions
#9
Helena Hansen, Jonathan M Metzl
Structural competency provides a language and theoretical framework to promote institutional-level interventions by clinical practitioners working with community organizations, non-health-sector institutions, and policy makers. The special collection of articles on structural competency in this issue of Academic Medicine addresses the need to move from theory to an appraisal of core educational interventions that operationalize the goals of and foster structural competency. In this Commentary, the authors review the role of clinical practitioners in enhancing population-level health outcomes through collaborations with professionals in fields outside medicine, including the social sciences and law...
January 10, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079529/leveraging-the-skills-of-nurses-and-the-power-of-language-nutrition-to-ensure-a-better-future-for-children
#10
Ashley Darcy Mahoney, Lauren Head Zauche, Sunny Hallowell, Arianne Weldon, Jennifer Stapel-Wax
BACKGROUND: Early language exposure is critical for language acquisition and significantly influences a child's literacy skills. However, preterm infants may experience language deprivation in the neonatal intensive care unit. Nurses are vital to helping parents understand their critical role in early language development. PURPOSE: To discuss the impact of language-rich interactions and interventions that promote early language exposure, or Language Nutrition, by parents and caregivers on the long-term developmental, language, and educational outcomes of high-risk infants...
January 11, 2017: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077910/the-first-mediterranean-seminar-on-science-writing-editing-and-publishing-sarajevo-december-2-3-2016
#11
REVIEW
Izet Masic, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanovic, Miro Jakovljevic, Enver Zerem, Dejan B Milosevic, Srecko Gajovic, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Sekib Sokolovic, Nermin Salkic, Selma Uzunovic, Silva Dobric, Floreta Kurti, Edin Begic, Admir Kurtcehajic
The First Mediterranean Seminar on Science Writing, Editing & Publishing (SWEP 2016) was held in Sarajevo, Bosnia & Herzegovina from 2nd to 3rd December 2016. It was organized by Academy of Medical Sciences of Bosnia and Herzegovina, running concurrent sessions as part of its Annual Meeting titled " "Days of AMNuBiH - Theory and Practice in Science Communication and Scientometrics". Hotel Bosnia in the city centre was the chosen venue. On the first day, nineteen presentations on various issues of science writing and publication ethics were delivered by speakers from Croatia, Serbia, Macedonia, Albania, Bosnia & Herzegovina and the UK (Asim Kurjak, Milivoj Boranić, Doncho Donev, Osman Sinanović, Miro Jakovljević, Enver Zerem, Dejan Milošević, Silva Dobrić, Srećko Gajović, Izet Mašić, Armen Yuri Gasparyan, Šekib Sokolović, Nermin Salkić, Selma Uzunović, Admir Kurtčehajić, Edin Begić and Floreta Kurti)...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077906/how-to-improve-visibility-of-scientific-biomedical-sources
#12
REVIEW
Asim Kurjak
With the rapid development of information and communications technologies, industrial nations are transforming into societies in which knowledge is the most contested and valuable good. The increased speed at which we have to acquire new knowledge, insights, and abilities is forcing us to divide up learning into novel, shorter phases. The traditional choreography of learning with its long, rigid defined school, job, and university educational periods is already obsolete today. Self-organized, lifelong learning is becoming a must...
December 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077893/the-prediction-of-the-risk-level-of-pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-through-artificial-neural-network
#13
Laleh Agharezaei, Zhila Agharezaei, Ali Nemati, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy, Farshid Keynia, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Abedin Iranpour, Moslem Agharezaei
BACKGROUND: Venous thromboembolism is a common cause of mortality among hospitalized patients and yet it is preventable through detecting the precipitating factors and a prompt diagnosis by specialists. The present study has been carried out in order to assist specialists in the diagnosis and prediction of the risk level of pulmonary embolism in patients, by means of artificial neural network. METHOD: A number of 31 risk factors have been used in this study in order to evaluate the conditions of 294 patients hospitalized in 3 educational hospitals affiliated with Kerman University of Medical Sciences...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077211/the-effect-of-socio-economic-status-on-non-fatal-outcome-after-injury-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
N Kruithof, M A C de Jongh, L de Munter, K W W Lansink, S Polinder
BACKGROUND: Over the past decades, the number of survivors of injuries has rapidly grown. It has become important to focus more on the determinants of non-fatal outcome. Although socio-economic status (SES) is considered to be a fundamental determinant of health in general, the role of SES as a determinant of non-fatal outcome after injury is largely unknown. METHODS: An online search was conducted in November 2015 using Embase, Medline, Web of Science, Cinahl, Cochrane, Google scholar and PubMed...
January 5, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074749/students-use-stamp-out-program-to-advance-seniors-knowledge-of-drug-misuse
#15
Gabrielle Cozzi, Elisa Torres, Robert G Wahler
: This program assessed the impact of student presentations on 30 seniors and sought to improve their knowledge of prescription drug misuse and abuse. The six pharmacy students used the ASCP Foundation's "STAMP Out Prescription Drug Misuse and Abuse Tool Kit." Information presented to senior audiences included descriptions of drug misuse and abuse and preventive measures to uphold medication safety. Students assessed seniors' prior knowledge about the topics through audience participation...
December 1, 2016: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073306/the-gap-in-scientific-knowledge-and-role-of-science-communication-in-south-korea
#16
Jeong-Heon Chang, Sei-Hill Kim, Myung-Hyun Kang, Jae Chul Shim, Dong Hoon Ma
Using data from a national survey of South Koreans, this study explores the role of science communication in enhancing three different forms of scientific knowledge ( factual, procedural, and subjective). We first assess learning effects, looking at the extent to which citizens learn science from different channels of communication (interpersonal discussions, traditional newspapers, television, online newspapers, and social media). We then look into the knowledge gap hypothesis, investigating how different communication channels can either widen or narrow the gap in knowledge between social classes...
January 1, 2017: Public Understanding of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070529/low-prevalence-of-aeromonas-hydrophilain-infectious-diarrhea-samples-of-pediatric-patients-in-arak-iran
#17
Abbasi Elnaz, Khansari-Nejad Behzad, Abtahi Hamid, Akbari Majid, Ghaznavi-Rad Ehsanollah
BACKGROUND: Aeromonashydrophila (A. hydrophila) is an aquatic bacterium that can cause a spectrum of infectious diseases, including both gastrointestinal and extraintestinal infections. Due to the high rate of diarrheal infections in pediatric patients in central Iran, this study was designed to determine the frequency of A. hydrophila in diarrhea samples from children in this region. METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, diarrheal stool specimens were collected from 200 children admitted between February and October of 2015 to educational and medical centers affiliated with the Arak University of Medical Sciences...
October 2016: Reports of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070261/the-effect-of-utilizing-organizational-culture-improvement-model-of-patient-education-on-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-patients-anxiety-and-satisfaction-theory-testing
#18
Mansoureh Ashghali Farahani, Fatemeh Ghaffari, Faezeh Norouzinezhad, Roohangiz Jamshidi Orak
INTRODUCTION: Due to the increasing prevalence of arteriosclerosis and the mortality caused by this disease, Coronary Artery Bypass Graft (CABG) has become one of the most common surgical procedures. Utilization of patient education is approved as an effective solution for increasing patient survival and outcomes of treatment. However, failure to consider different aspects of patient education has turned this goal into an unattainable one. The objective of this research was to determine the effect of utilizing the organizational culture improvement model of patient education on CABG patients' anxiety and satisfaction...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070252/study-of-functional-vulnerability-status-of-tehran-hospitals-in-dealing-with-natural-disasters
#19
Batol Ahmadi, Abbas Rahimi Foroushani, Narjes Tanha, Amjad Mohamadi Bolban Abad, Heshmatollah Asadi
INTRODUCTION: At the time of disasters, hospitals are considered as one of the most important facilities which should provide emergency services continuously. The purpose of this study was to determine the functional vulnerability of Tehran hospitals in dealing with natural disasters. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in educational hospitals of Tehran University of Medical Science (TUMS), in 2013. Of all 26 hospitals, 12 hospitals were selected through single-stage cluster sampling, including six general (Shariati, Amiralam, Sina, Imam, Hazrat Rasoul, Baharlou) and six specialized (Bahrami, Hazrat-e Aliasghar, Shahid rajaie, Roozbeh, Moheb yas, Children Medical Center) hospitals...
November 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067083/-examination-of-psychomotor-development-in-relation-to-social-environmental-factors-in-preterm-children-at-2-years-old
#20
Flóra Kenyhercz, Beáta Nagy
INTRODUCTION: The development of children born prematurely is an important aspect in public health, because preterm birth rates are not decreasing with the development of medical sciences. AIM: Description of psychomotor development of preterm children related to potentially influencing environmental factors. METHOD: Children born below 2.500 grams at the age of two (n = 75). Psychomotor development, quality of home environment, socio-demographic background were measured...
January 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
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