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science education

Yohali Burrola-Mendez, Mary Goldberg, Rachel Gartz, Jon Pearlman
INTRODUCTION: Wheelchair users worldwide are at high risk of developing secondary health conditions and premature death due to inappropriate wheelchair provision by untrained providers. The International Society of Wheelchair Professionals (ISWP) has developed a Hybrid Course based on the World Health Organization's Wheelchair Service Training Package-Basic Level. The Hybrid Course leverages online modules designed for low-bandwidth internet access that reduces the in-person training exposure from five to three and a half days, making it less expensive and more convenient for both trainees and trainers...
2018: PloS One
Amy Nb Johnston, Matthew J Barton, Grant A Williams-Pritchard, Michael Todorovic
Undergraduate nursing programs typically include students with limited 'on-campus' time who need learning resources that are flexible, technologically appropriate, remotely-accessible (mobile smart devices), and above all, engaging. This has presented academics with challenges surrounding institutional security firewalls, password-access requirements, intellectual property/ownership and staff/student privacy. To overcome these challenges a collection of evidence-based YouTube videos, posted on the Biological Sciences YouTube Channel, supported by the Biosciences in Nurse Education, and underpinned by Benner's pedagogical framework, were developed with the intention of moving students from novice to competent clinical bioscience users...
June 9, 2018: Nurse Education in Practice
Beth Polidoro, Cassandra Clement
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Bekbergenova Zh Umbetzhanova A, V Koikov, G Derbissalina, G Tuleshova
A good research environment is an environment that effectively stimulates research, attracts productive scientists and ensures the result in the form of scientific knowledge transferred to practical application. The formation of a good research environment depends on a large number of factors. The aim of the study was to identify factors, which influence on the medical universities research performance and on the basis of this forming the model of proper research environment in the medical education organizations...
May 2018: Georgian Medical News
Margaret Smith, Miriam Segura-Totten, Kelly West
The impact of the Internet on education has been recognized for decades, and as technology advances, the ways in which students can access Internet content is ever increasing. Most students have some kind of portable smart device with which they access Internet content without the locational constraints of a desktop computer. This mobility has prompted abundant literature suggesting ways that Quick Response Codes (QR codes), a kind of two dimensional barcode, could be used to advance student learning. However, very few studies have tested the usefulness of QR codes in undergraduate science classes...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Verónica A Segarra, Barbara Natalizio, Cibele V Falkenberg, Stephanie Pulford, Raquell M Holmes
While the demand for a strong STEM workforce continues to grow, there are challenges that threaten our ability to recruit, train, and retain such a workforce in a way that is effective and sustainable and fosters innovation. One way in which we are meeting this challenge is through the use of the arts in the training of scientists. In this Perspectives article, we review the use of the arts in science education and its benefits in both K-12 and postsecondary education. We also review the use of STEAM (science, technology, engineering, arts, and mathematics) programs in science outreach and the development of professional scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Sally G Hoskins, Alan J Gottesman
Many science educators agree that 21st century students need to develop mature scientific thinking skills. Unsurprisingly, students' and experts' perceptions about the nature of scientific knowledge differ. Moreover, students' naïve and entrenched epistemologies can preclude their development toward "thinking like scientists." Novel teaching approaches that guide students toward more mature perceptions may be needed to support their development of scientific thinking skills. To address such issues, physics educators developed the Colorado Learning Attitudes About Science Survey (CLASS), subsequently adapted for chemistry and biology...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Beth Beason-Abmayr, Jennifer Shade Wilson
Although abundant evidence in STEM education literature emphasizes the incorporation of both primary literature analysis and communication of science into the undergraduate classroom, biology educators are rarely given the necessary support to teach students how to present scientific data from primary literature. Consequently, students often receive limited training in this valuable skill. We report on a collaboration between a biosciences instructor and communication center director who together designed a workshop to teach undergraduate students in a laboratory course to present material from primary literature sources...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Christopher T Parker, Debbie Cockerham, Ann W Foss
The need for science education and outreach is great. However, despite the ever-growing body of available scientific information, facts are often misrepresented to or misunderstood by the general public. This can result in uninformed decisions that negatively impact society at both individual and community levels. One solution to this problem is to make scientific information more available to the public through outreach programs. Most outreach programs, however, focus on health initiatives, STEM programs, or young audiences exclusively...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Susan Rowland, James Hardy, Kay Colthorpe, Rhianna Pedwell, Louise Kuchel
The ability to communicate is a crucial graduate outcome for science students; however, crowded curricula and large class sizes make it difficult to find time to explicitly teach foundational communication skills. In response to these challenges, we developed an online resource called Communication Learning in Practice for Scientists, or CLIPS. CLIPS provides a multi-point mentoring model that has allowed us to successfully integrate the teaching and learning of a complex set of tacitly-understood skills across multiple scientific disciplines...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Katharina Richter, Nicky Thomas
"Pint of Science" is an outreach activity bringing the latest scientific discoveries to the community in the relaxed atmosphere of a pub. Founded in the United Kingdom in 2012, this three-night festival in May is now held annually in cities around the world. Today, Pint of Science contributes to science education and engages peers and the public alike, demystifying science at a pub near you. This article gives advice about how to organize a Pint of Science festival, as exemplified by the Adelaide/South Australia chapter's 2017 experience...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
April Killikelly
Traditional modes of communication within the scientific community, including presentation of data at conferences and in peer-reviewed publications, use technical jargon that limits public engagement. While altering word choice is an important method for increasing public engagement, the data itself may not be enough. For example, communicating the lack of evidence that vaccines cause autism did not convince many reluctant parents to vaccinate their kids (Nyhan, Reifler, Richey, Freed, Pediatrics 133:e835-e842, 2014)...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Katie Todd, Gretchen Haupt, Elizabeth Kunz Kollmann, Sarah Pfeifle
Public engagement with science (PES) is an emerging outreach method that builds trust between scientists and public audiences by encouraging two-way conversations and mutual learning about science content and societal values. Building with Biology, a PES initiative focused on synthetic biology, distributed 182 kits with two types of products to informal science education institutions across the United States: 1) hands-on activities for public events, and 2) materials to run public dialogue programs, called forums...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Jack T H Wang, Cheryl J Power, Charlene M Kahler, Dena Lyras, Paul R Young, Jonathan Iredell, Roy Robins-Browne
Science communication is a skill set to be developed through ongoing interactions with different stakeholders across a variety of platforms. Opportunities to engage the general public are typically reserved for senior scientists, but the use of social media in science communication allows all scientists to instantaneously disseminate their findings and interact with online users. The Communication Ambassador program is a social media initiative launched by the Australian Society for Microbiology to expand the online presence and science communication portfolios of early-career scientists...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Melissa McCartney, Chazman Childers, Rachael R Baiduc, Kitch Barnicle
Formal training in communicating science to a general audience is not traditionally included in graduate and postdoctoral-level training programs. However, the ability to effectively communicate science is increasingly recognized as a responsibility of professional scientists. We describe a science communication professional development opportunity in which scientists at the graduate-level and above annotate primary scientific literature, effectively translating complex research into an accessible educational tool for undergraduate students...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Nicholas M Ponzio, Janet Alder, Mary Nucci, David Dannenfelser, Holly Hilton, Nikolaos Linardopoulos, Carol Lutz
Doctoral students in science disciplines spend countless hours learning how to conduct cutting-edge research but very little time learning to communicate the nature and significance of their science to people outside their field. To narrow this disparity, we created an unusual course titled Communicating Science for doctoral science trainees at Rutgers University. Our goal was to help students develop an advanced ability to communicate their research clearly and accurately and to emphasize its value and significance to diverse audiences...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Thomas Edison E Dela Cruz, Jeane V Aril-Dela Cruz
The use of graphical illustration in lecture presentations can make a seemingly boring lesson more attractive and enticing to students. Creating science-themed illustrations and science-based narratives can also lead to creative and critical thinking among students. We used writing editorials and creating editorial cartoons as a learning activity to promote critical thinking and creative skills that are essential in communicating scientific information. This activity can be used with a range of audiences, at various educational levels and in basic to advanced courses...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
Joanne Spetz
BACKGROUND: In 2011, the Institute of Medicine recommended that 80% of RNs have a bachelor's degree or higher by 2020. Progress toward this recommendation has been slow. PURPOSE: This paper presents a model that projects whether the 80% recommendation can be met within a 10-year period and estimates the impact of education changes that might accelerate progress. METHODS: A projection model for 2016 to 2026 was created using a "stock-and-flow" approach...
May 3, 2018: Nursing Outlook
Huy P Phan, Bing H Ngu, Hui-Wen Wang, Jen-Hwa Shih, Sheng-Ying Shi, Ruey-Yih Lin
Recent research has explored the nature of the theoretical concept of optimal best practice, which emphasizes the importance of personal resolve, inner strength, and the maximization of a person's development, whether it is mental, cognitive, social, or physical. In the context of academia, the study of optimal functioning places emphasis on a student's effort expenditure, positive outlook, and determination to strive for educational success and enriched subjective well-being. One major inquiry closely associated with optimal functioning is the process of optimization...
2018: PloS One
Manuela Meraner, Oliver Musshoff, Robert Finger
The data presented here contains information on risk preferences, risk literacy and personal characteristics collected from 244 German agricultural sciences students in an online survey in 2015. Two different risk preference elicitation methods have been used. First, we used an iterative multiple price list (iMPL). Second, a simple self-assessment of risk preferences was used. Moreover, we used two different frames of the iMPL (general and context specific). Inconsistent behavior within the iMPL has been documented...
June 2018: Data in Brief
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