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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222973/utilisation-of-academic-nursing-competence-in-europe-a-survey-among-members-of-the-european-academy-of-nursing-science
#1
Tove Aminda Hanssen, Pia Riis Olsen
BACKGROUND: In line with national and international strategies in Europe, the number of nurses with a doctoral degree has increased. The European Academy of Nursing Science (EANS) has for 18years delivered a three-year doctoral summer school for nurses. Questions have been raised in terms of how academic nurses' competencies are used and in what positions. AIM: To understand the progression of nurses' academic careers following completion of the EANS Summer School and to picture how research and academic skills of the nurses are being used for research and/or other fields in nursing...
November 23, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222712/categorization-and-association-analysis-of-risk-factors-for-adverse-drug-events
#2
REVIEW
Lina Zhou, Anamika Paul Rupa
PURPOSE: Adverse drug events (ADE) are among the leading causes of morbidity and hospitalization. This review analyzes risk factors for ADE, particularly their categorizations and association patterns, the prevalence, severity, and preventability of ADE, and method characteristics of reviewed studies. METHODS: Literature search was conducted via PubMed, Science Direct, CINAHL, and MEDLINE. A review was conducted of research articles that reported original data about specific risk factors for ADE since 2000...
December 8, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222630/-there-s-so-much-to-it-the-ways-physiotherapy-students-and-recent-graduates-experience-practice
#3
S Barradell, T Peseta, S Barrie
Health science courses aim to prepare students for the demands of their chosen profession by learning ways appropriate to that profession and the contexts they will work and live in. Expectations of what students should learn become re-contextualised and translated into entry-level curriculum, with students operating as a connection between what is intended and enacted in curriculum, and required in the real world. Drawing on phenomenology, this paper explores how students understand practice-the collective, purposeful knowing, doing and being of a community-in entry-level physiotherapy programs...
December 8, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221543/community-health-workers-in-diabetes-prevention-and-management-in-developing-countries
#4
REVIEW
Halimatou Alaofè, Ibitola Asaolu, Jennifer Ehiri, Hayley Moretz, Chisom Asuzu, Mobolanle Balogun, Olayinka Abosede, John Ehiri
BACKGROUND: There is limited evidence regarding the effect of community health worker (CHW) interventions for prevention and management of the burgeoning epidemic of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The objective of this review was to critically appraise evidence regarding the effectiveness of CHW interventions for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in LMICs. METHODS: To identify studies that reported the effect of CHW interventions for prevention and management of T2DM in LMICs, Medline/PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science (Science and Social Science Citation Indices), EBSCO (PsycINFO and CINAHL), POPLINE, the Cochrane Metabolic and Endocrine Disorders Group's Specialized Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, the Grey literature (Google, Google Scholar), and reference lists of identified articles were searched from inception to May 31, 2017...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221535/outcomes-of-global-public-health-training-program-for-us-minority-students-a-case-report
#5
Noa Krawczyk, Luz Claudio
The numbers and success of minority students in science and the health fields remain relatively low. This study presents the outcomes of a research training program as an illustrative case study. The Short-Term Training Program for Minority Students (STPMS) recruits underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students for immersion in research training. A total of 69 students participated in the STPMS between 1995 and 2012, and 59 of these completed our survey to determine the perceived impact of the program on the students' motivations and professional development...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221454/must-we-remain-blind-to-undergraduate-medical-ethics-education-in-africa-a-cross-sectional-study-of-nigerian-medical-students
#6
Onochie Okoye, Daniel Nwachukwu, Ferdinand C Maduka-Okafor
BACKGROUND: As the practice of medicine inevitably raises both ethical and legal issues, it had been recommended since 1999 that medical ethics and human rights be taught at every medical school. Most Nigerian medical schools still lack a formal undergraduate medical ethics curriculum. Medical education remains largely focused on traditional medical science components, leaving the medical students to develop medical ethical decision-making skills and moral attitudes passively within institutions noted for relatively strong paternalistic traditions...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220063/preventive-care-screening-in-the-puerto-rican-geriatric-population-a-formative-evaluation-of-patient-knowledge
#7
Vanessa Sepúlveda-Rivera, Christian Donato-Santana, Gil Diaz-Vega
OBJECTIVE: This study was meant to be the first step in bridging a gap in the literature concerning Puerto Rican geriatric patients' levels of knowledge concerning 4 preventive care screening tests: mammography, bone densitometry, colonoscopy, and lipid panels. METHODS: Patients 65 years old and older were interviewed at the University of Puerto Rico (UPR), Medical Sciences Campus, primary care clinics. Fisher's exact test was used to assess knowledge status for each screening test...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219027/effectiveness-of-psycho-educational-interventions-with-telecommunication-technologies-on-emotional-distress-and-quality-of-life-of-adult-cancer-patients-a-systematic-review
#8
Ana Bártolo, Emelda Pacheco, Fabiana Rodrigues, Anabela Pereira, Sara Monteiro, Isabel M Santos
PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive review of psycho-educational interventions using telecommunication technologies developed for adult cancer patients, assessing their effectiveness in reducing emotional distress and improving quality of life (QoL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A narrative approach was used for extraction and synthesis of the data. Relevant studies were identified through the electronic databases PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, ProQuest, Psychology & Behavioral Sciences Collection (through EBSCOhost), and CENTRAL...
December 7, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218958/factors-contributing-to-nursing-team-work-in-an-acute-care-tertiary-hospital
#9
Suzanne Polis, Megan Higgs, Vicki Manning, Gayle Netto, Ritin Fernandez
Background: Effective nursing teamwork is an essential component of quality health care and patient safety. Understanding which factors foster team work ensures teamwork qualities are cultivated and sustained. Objective: This study aims to investigate which factors are associated with team work in an Australian acute care tertiary hospital across all inpatient and outpatient settings. Methods: All nurses and midwives rostered to inpatient and outpatient wards in an acute care 600 bed hospital in Sydney Australia were invited to participate in a cross sectional survey between September to October 2013...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218890/democratizing-data-science-through-data-science-training
#10
John Darrell Van Horn, Lily Fierro, Jeana Kamdar, Jonathan Gordon, Crystal Stewart, Avnish Bhattrai, Sumiko Abe, Xiaoxiao Lei, Caroline O'Driscoll, Aakanchha Sinha, Priyambada Jain, Gully Burns, Kristina Lerman, José Luis Ambite
The biomedical sciences have experienced an explosion of data which promises to overwhelm many current practitioners. Without easy access to data science training resources, biomedical researchers may find themselves unable to wrangle their own datasets. In 2014, to address the challenges posed such a data onslaught, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the Big Data to Knowledge (BD2K) initiative. To this end, the BD2K Training Coordinating Center (TCC; bigdatau.org) was funded to facilitate both in-person and online learning, and open up the concepts of data science to the widest possible audience...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218359/-significance-of-the-doctorate-in-scientific-medical-education
#11
Matthias Frosch
According to European and German law, the medical education of physicians must take place in a scientific degree program at a university or under the supervision of a university. To keep up the ideal of a scientific degree program, various organizations and associations, such as the German Research Foundation, the German Council of Science and Humanities and the German Medical Faculty Association, see the need for an even stronger anchoring of academic learning content in the course of study. Traditionally, a scientific project, which is carried out during the studies, provides the basis for the Doctor of Medicine (Dr...
December 7, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215390/does-podcast-use-enhance-critical-thinking-in-nursing-education
#12
Cynthia A Blum
The purpose of this pilot interventional study was to examine relationships between adjunctive podcast viewing and nursing students' critical thinking (CT) abilities. Participants were last semester/preceptorship nursing students. The intervention group was given unrestricted access to a CT podcast. There was no statistical significance between Health Sciences Reasoning Test pretest and posttest scores, the number of times the podcast was viewed, and specific demographic factors. The results suggest that CT podcast viewing did not improve CT abilities...
December 5, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215127/midwives-in-england-and-in-italy-two-realities-compared
#13
C Dell'Omodarme, G Bocci, G Troiano, S Rossi, L Kundisova, N Nante, L Alaimo
BACKGROUND: Midwives have the responsibility to provide assistance to pregnant women for non-complicated deliveries. The aim of this study was to identify the distinctive features of midwives in Italy and in England in order to provide interesting comparisons. METHODS: From September to October 2015 we administered an online questionnaire to groups of Italian and English midwives. The questionnaire was composed by a part trying to collect the sociodemographic information and a second part to define the attitudes of care and the type of approach to birth and degree of attained professional autonomy...
January 2018: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#14
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214054/lifestyle-modification-practice-and-associated-factors-among-diagnosed-hypertensive-patients-in-selected-hospitals-south-ethiopia
#15
Eyasu Siyum Buda, Lolemo Kelbiso Hanfore, Robera Olana Fite, Alula Seyum Buda
Background: Hypertension is one of the leading causes of disability and death in both developed and developing countries that need urgent strategies to implement interventions that control it. Appropriate lifestyle changes often called non-pharmacological approaches that often overlooked are the corner stone of the prevention and control of hypertension. The aim of this study is to assess the practice of lifestyle modifications and associated factors among diagnosed hypertensive patients in Durame and Nigist Elleni Mohamed Memorial General Hospitals in southern Ethiopia...
2017: Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212475/implementation-of-shared-decision-making-in-oncology-development-and-pilot-study-of-a-nurse-led-decision-coaching-programme-for-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#16
Birte Berger-Höger, Katrin Liethmann, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Anke Steckelberg
BACKGROUND: To implement informed shared decision-making (ISDM) in breast care centres, we developed and piloted an inter-professional complex intervention. METHODS: We developed an intervention consisting of three components: an evidence-based patient decision aid (DA) for women with ductal carcinoma in situ, a decision-coaching led by specialised nurses (breast care nurses and oncology nurses) and structured physician encounters. In order to enable professionals to gain ISDM competencies, we developed and tested a curriculum-based training programme for specialised nurses and a workshop for physicians...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211842/maternal-age-at-birth-and-daughters-subsequent-childlessness
#17
O Basso, C R Weinberg, A A D'Aloisio, D P Sandler
STUDY QUESTION: Does maternal age at a daughter's birth predict her subsequent probability of lifelong childlessness? SUMMARY ANSWER: In this study population, women born to older mothers were more likely to be childless. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Although maternal age at childbearing is increasing in many countries, there is limited evidence on whether being born to older parents may influence offspring fertility. STUDY DESIGN SIZE AND DURATION: This analysis included 43 135 women from the US-based Sister Study, a cohort study of 50 884 sisters of women with breast cancer recruited between 2003 and 2009...
December 4, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209255/potential-for-assessing-dynamic-problem-solving-at-the-beginning-of-higher-education-studies
#18
Benő Csapó, Gyöngyvér Molnár
There is a growing demand for assessment instruments which can be used in higher education, which cover a broader area of competencies than the traditional tests for disciplinary knowledge and domain-specific skills, and which measure students' most important general cognitive capabilities. Around the age of the transition from secondary to tertiary education, such assessments may serve several functions, including selecting the best-prepared candidates for certain fields of study. Dynamic problem-solving (DPS) is a good candidate for such a role, as tasks that assess it involve knowledge acquisition and knowledge utilization as well...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208718/an-inclusive-research-education-community-irec-impact-of-the-sea-phages-program-on-research-outcomes-and-student-learning
#19
David I Hanauer, Mark J Graham, Laura Betancur, Aiyana Bobrownicki, Steven G Cresawn, Rebecca A Garlena, Deborah Jacobs-Sera, Nancy Kaufmann, Welkin H Pope, Daniel A Russell, William R Jacobs, Viknesh Sivanathan, David J Asai, Graham F Hatfull
Engaging undergraduate students in scientific research promises substantial benefits, but it is not accessible to all students and is rarely implemented early in college education, when it will have the greatest impact. An inclusive Research Education Community (iREC) provides a centralized scientific and administrative infrastructure enabling engagement of large numbers of students at different types of institutions. The Science Education Alliance-Phage Hunters Advancing Genomics and Evolutionary Science (SEA-PHAGES) is an iREC that promotes engagement and continued involvement in science among beginning undergraduate students...
December 5, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207955/classification-schemes-for-knowledge-translation-interventions-a-practical-resource-for-researchers
#20
Susan E Slaughter, Gabrielle L Zimmermann, Megan Nuspl, Heather M Hanson, Lauren Albrecht, Rosmin Esmail, Khara Sauro, Amanda S Newton, Maoliosa Donald, Michele P Dyson, Denise Thomson, Lisa Hartling
BACKGROUND: As implementation science advances, the number of interventions to promote the translation of evidence into healthcare, health systems, or health policy is growing. Accordingly, classification schemes for these knowledge translation (KT) interventions have emerged. A recent scoping review identified 51 classification schemes of KT interventions to integrate evidence into healthcare practice; however, the review did not evaluate the quality of the classification schemes or provide detailed information to assist researchers in selecting a scheme for their context and purpose...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Research Methodology
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