Read by QxMD icon Read

Pathogenesis of COPD

Rachel L Clifford, Nick Fishbane, Jamie Patel, Julia L MacIsaac, Lisa M McEwen, Andrew J Fisher, Corry-Anke Brandsma, Parameswaran Nair, Michael S Kobor, Tillie-Louise Hackett, Alan J Knox
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease of the lungs that is currently the fourth leading cause of death worldwide. Genetic factors account for only a small amount of COPD risk, but epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, have the potential to mediate the interactions between an individual's genetics and environmental exposure. DNA methylation is highly cell type-specific, and individual cell type studies of DNA methylation in COPD are sparse...
2018: Clinical Epigenetics
Juan M Reséndiz-Hernández, Ramcés Falfán-Valencia
Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are widely documented diseases with an inflammatory component. Asthma is a heterogeneous disorder of the airways that involves chronic inflammation, decline of the airway function and tissue remodeling. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a preventable and treatable disease, which is characterized by persistent limited airflow, and is usually progressive with an increased inflammatory response in the airways. The inflammatory response is evoked by the stimulus of noxious particles and gases...
January 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Mingxing Yang, Maxie Kohler, Tina Heyder, Helena Forsslund, Hilde K Garberg, Reza Karimi, Johan Grunewald, Frode S Berven, Sven Nyrén, C Magnus Sköld, Åsa M Wheelock
BACKGROUND: Smoking is the main risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Women with COPD who smoke experienced a higher risk of hospitalization and worse decline of lung function. Yet the mechanisms of these gender-related differences in clinical presentations in COPD remain unknown. The aim of our study is to identify proteins and molecular pathways associated with COPD pathogenesis, with emphasis on elucidating molecular gender difference. METHOD: We employed shotgun isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation (iTRAQ) proteome analyses of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) cells from smokers with normal lung function (n = 25) and early stage COPD patients (n = 18)...
March 8, 2018: Respiratory Research
Yong Wang, Juan Liu, Jie-Sen Zhou, Hua-Qiong Huang, Zhou-Yang Li, Xu-Chen Xu, Tian-Wen Lai, Yue Hu, Hong-Bin Zhou, Hai-Pin Chen, Song-Min Ying, Wen Li, Hua-Hao Shen, Zhi-Hua Chen
Airway epithelial cell death and inflammation are pathological features of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Mechanistic target of rapamycin (MTOR) is involved in inflammation and multiple cellular processes, e.g., autophagy and apoptosis, but little is known about its function in COPD pathogenesis. In this article, we illustrate how MTOR regulates cigarette smoke (CS)-induced cell death, airway inflammation, and emphysema. Expression of MTOR was significantly decreased and its suppressive signaling protein, tuberous sclerosis 2 (TSC2), was increased in the airway epithelium of human COPD and in mouse lungs with chronic CS exposure...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Jiyoun Yeo, Diego A Morales, Tian Chen, Erin L Crawford, Xiaolu Zhang, Thomas M Blomquist, Albert M Levin, Pierre P Massion, Douglas A Arenberg, David E Midthun, Peter J Mazzone, Steven D Nathan, Ronald J Wainz, Patrick Nana-Sinkam, Paige F S Willey, Taylor J Arend, Karanbir Padda, Shuhao Qiu, Alexei Federov, Dawn-Alita R Hernandez, Jeffrey R Hammersley, Youngsook Yoon, Fadi Safi, Sadik A Khuder, James C Willey
BACKGROUND: There is a need for more powerful methods to identify low-effect SNPs that contribute to hereditary COPD pathogenesis. We hypothesized that SNPs contributing to COPD risk through cis-regulatory effects are enriched in genes comprised by bronchial epithelial cell (BEC) expression patterns associated with COPD. METHODS: To test this hypothesis, normal BEC specimens were obtained by bronchoscopy from 60 subjects: 30 subjects with COPD defined by spirometry (FEV1/FVC < 0...
March 5, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Xue Zhang, Wuping Bao, Xia Fei, Yingying Zhang, Guoqing Zhang, Xin Zhou, Min Zhang
Airway remodeling is a vital component of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Despite the broad anti-inflammation effects of glucocorticoids, they exhibit relatively little therapeutic benefit in COPD, indicating the accelerating demands of new agents for COPD. We aim to explore the effect of progesterone on airway remodeling in a murine modeling of exposing to ozone and to further examine the potential effect of progesterone on glucocorticoid insensitivity. C57/BL6 mice were exposed to ozone for 12 times over 6 weeks, and were administered with progesterone alone or combined with budesonide (BUD) after each exposure until the 10th week...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Immunology
Khalaf Kridin, Doron Comaneshter, Erez Batat, Arnon D Cohen
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence indicates that autoimmunity may contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). COPD was observed at higher frequency in patients with several autoimmune diseases. The association between pemphigus and COPD has not been evaluated in the past. OBJECTIVES: To study the association between pemphigus and COPD using a large-scale real-life computerized database. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted comparing pemphigus patients with age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched control subjects regarding the prevalence of COPD and lung cancer...
March 2018: Respiratory Medicine
Jacelyn Emily Peabody, Ren-Jay Shei, Brent M Bermingham, Scott Edward Phillips, Brett Turner, Steven M Rowe, George Martin Solomon
The respiratory tract is lined with multi-ciliated epithelial cells that function to move mucus and trapped particles via the mucociliary transport apparatus. Genetic and acquired ciliopathies result in diminished mucociliary clearance, contributing to disease pathogenesis. Recent innovations in imaging technology has advanced our understanding of ciliary motion in health and disease states. Application of imaging modalities including transmission electron microscopy (TEM), high-speed video microscopy (HSVM), and micron-optical coherence tomography (μOCT) could improve diagnostics and be applied for precision medicine...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Francesca Polverino, Bartolome R Celli, Caroline A Owen
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by chronic expiratory airflow obstruction that is not fully reversible. COPD patients develop varying degrees of emphysema, small and large airway disease, and various co-morbidities. It has not been clear whether these co-morbidities share common underlying pathogenic processes with the pulmonary lesions. Early research into the pathogenesis of COPD focused on the contributions of injury to the extracellular matrix and pulmonary epithelial cells...
January 2018: Pulmonary Circulation
Genfa Wang, Nabijan Mohammadtursun, Jing Sun, Yubao Lv, Hualiang Jin, Jinpei Lin, Lingwen Kong, Zhengxiao Zhao, Hongying Zhang, Jingcheng Dong
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a common cause of mortality worldwide. The current lack of an animal model that can be established within a certain time frame and imitate the unique features of the disease is a major limiting factor in its study. The present study established and evaluated an animal model of COPD that represents the early and advanced stage features using short-, middle-, and long-term sidestream cigarette smoke (CS) exposure. One hundred and nine Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 10 groups for different periods of sidestream CS exposure or no exposure (i...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Kyoung-Hee Lee, Chang-Hoon Lee, Jisu Woo, Jiyeong Jeong, An-Hee Jang, Chul-Gyu Yoo
Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine mainly derived from T helper 17 cells and is known to be involved in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Cigarette smoke (CS) has been considered as a primary risk factor of COPD. However, the interaction between CS and IL-17A and the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been clarified. In the current study, we investigated the effects of cigarette smoke extract (CSE) on IL-17Ainduced IL-8 production in human bronchial epithelial cells, and sought to identify the underlying molecular mechanisms...
February 21, 2018: Molecules and Cells
Kei Yamasaki, Stephan F van Eeden
Lung macrophages (LMs) are essential immune effector cells that are pivotal in both innate and adaptive immune responses to inhaled foreign matter. They either reside within the airways and lung tissues (from early life) or are derived from blood monocytes. Similar to macrophages in other organs and tissues, LMs have natural plasticity and can change phenotype and function depending largely on the microenvironment they reside in. Phenotype changes in lung tissue macrophages have been implicated in chronic inflammatory responses and disease progression of various chronic lung diseases, including Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Isaac K Sundar, Kahkashan Rashid, Janice Gerloff, Dongmei Li, Irfan Rahman
Cigarette smoke (CS) affects DNA damage and cellular senescence signaling pathways in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). p16(INK4a) (p16: a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor) is a key marker of cellular senescence, which is induced by CS in lung cells. It is thought that removal of p16 attenuates premature aging by removing senesced cells. However, the role of p16 in CS-induced stress induce premature senescence (SIPS) and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP during the development of COPD/emphysema is not known...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
Yong Wang, Jie-Sen Zhou, Xu-Chen Xu, Zhou-Yang Li, Hai-Pin Chen, Song-Min Ying, Wen Li, Hua-Hao Shen, Zhi-Hua Chen
Introduction: Bronchial epithelial cell death and airway inflammation induced by cigarette smoke (CS) have been involved in the pathogenesis of COPD. GRP78, belonging to heat shock protein 70 family, has been implicated in cell death and inflammation, while little is known about its roles in COPD. Here, we demonstrate that GRP78 regulates CS-induced necroptosis and injury in bronchial epithelial cells. Materials and methods: GRP78 and necroptosis markers were examined in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cell line, primary mouse tracheal epithelial cells, and mouse lungs...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Sonia Molina-Pinelo, Ana Salinas, Nicolás Moreno-Mata, Irene Ferrer, Rocío Suarez, Eduardo Andrés-León, Manuel Rodríguez-Paredes, Julian Gutekunst, Eloisa Jantus-Lewintre, Carlos Camps, Amancio Carnero, Luis Paz-Ares
DNA methylation is important for gene expression and genome stability, and its disruption is thought to play a key role in the initiation and progression of cancer and other diseases. The DLK1-DIO3 cluster has been shown to be imprinted in humans, and some of its components are relevant to diverse pathological processes. The purpose of this study was to assess the methylation patterns of the DLK1-DIO3 cluster in patients with lung cancer to study its relevance in the pathogenesis of this disease. We found a characteristic methylation pattern of this cluster in smoking associated lung cancer, as compared to normal lung tissue...
January 12, 2018: Oncotarget
Lifang Wen, Susanne Krauss-Etschmann, Frank Petersen, Xinhua Yu
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death worldwide, is characterized by irreversible airflow limitation based on obstructive bronchiolitis, emphysema, and chronic pulmonary inflammation. Inhaled toxic gases and particles, e.g., cigarette smoke, are major etiologic factors for COPD, while the pathogenesis of the disease is only partially understood. Over the past decade, an increasing body of evidence has been accumulated for a link between COPD and autoimmunity. Studies with clinical samples have demonstrated that autoantibodies are present in sera of COPD patients and some of these antibodies correlate with specific disease phenotypes...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Ming Zhang, Jingjing Tang, Jiafeng Yin, Xiaoying Wang, Xiangli Feng, Xia Yang, Hu Shan, Qiuhong Zhang, Jie Zhang, Yali Li
Background: Cyclophilin A (CyPA) is a secreted molecule that is regulated by inflammatory stimuli. Although inflammation has an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), little is known regarding the relationship between serum CyPA and COPD. Methods: Ninety-three COPD patients with acute exacerbation were enrolled in the study and were reassessed during the convalescence phase. Eighty-eight controls were matched for age, gender, body mass index, smoking index and comorbidity...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Ying-Jiao Long, Xiao-Peng Liu, Shan-Shan Chen, Dan-Dan Zong, Yan Chen, Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: Abnormal apoptosis of lung endothelial cells has been observed in emphysematous lung tissue and has been suggested to be an important upstream event in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Studies have shown that microRNAs (miRNAs) contribute to the pathogenesis of pulmonary diseases by regulating cell apoptosis. The present study was designed to investigate the expression of microRNA-34a (miR-34a) in human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMECs) exposed to cigarette smoke extract (CSE), and the potential regulatory role of miR-34a in endothelial cell apoptosis...
January 26, 2018: Respiratory Research
Vivek Dharwal, Amarjit S Naura
COPD is associated with high morbidity and mortality and no effective treatment is available till date. We have previously reported that PARP-1 plays an important role in the establishment of airway inflammation associated with asthma and ALI. In the present work, we have evaluated the beneficial effects of PARP-1 inhibition on COPD pathogenesis utilizing elastase induced mouse model of the disease. Our data show that PARP-1 inhibition by olaparib significantly reduced the elastase-induced recruitment of inflammatory cells particularly neutrophils in the lungs of mice when administered at a dose of 5 mg/kg b...
January 30, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Louise Hecker
The rapid expansion of the elderly population has led to the recent epidemic of age-related diseases, including increased incidence and mortality of chronic and acute lung diseases. Numerous studies have implicated aging and oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of various pulmonary diseases; however, despite recent advances in these fields, the specific contributions of aging and oxidative stress remain elusive. This review will discuss the consequences of aging on lung morphology and physiology, and how redox imbalance with aging contributes to lung disease susceptibility...
December 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"