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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374772/localised-residency-and-inter-annual-fidelity-to-coastal-foraging-areas-may-place-sea-bass-at-risk-to-local-depletion
#1
Thomas K Doyle, Damien Haberlin, Jim Clohessy, Ashley Bennison, Mark Jessopp
For many marine migratory fish, comparatively little is known about the movement of individuals rather than the population. Yet, such individual-based movement data is vitally important to understand variability in migratory strategies and fidelity to foraging locations. A case in point is the economically important European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax L.) that inhabits coastal waters during the summer months before migrating offshore to spawn and overwinter. Beyond this broad generalisation we have very limited information on the movements of individuals at coastal foraging grounds...
April 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351451/suicide-attempts-among-the-elderly-in-east-asia
#2
Guk-Hee Suh, Lina Gega
Among the one million suicide deaths worldwide each year, as many as 60% occur in Asia. The World Health Organization (WHO) found higher suicide rates among the elderly in rapidly industrialized Asian countries such as China, Hong Kong, Japan, South Korea, Malaysia, and Singapore, compared to the corresponding rates of recently industrializing Asian countries like Vietnam and Sri Lanka (WHO, 2014). As a case in point, suicide rates in South Korea have been the highest in the world since 2003 and are rising especially among older people (Hong and Knapp, 2014)...
May 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335827/management-of-acute-respiratory-diseases-in-the-pediatric-population-the-role-of-oral-corticosteroids
#3
REVIEW
Renato Cutrera, Eugenio Baraldi, Luciana Indinnimeo, Michele Miraglia Del Giudice, Giorgio Piacentini, Francesco Scaglione, Nicola Ullmann, Laura Moschino, Francesca Galdo, Marzia Duse
Respiratory diseases account for about 25% of all pediatric consultations, and 10% of these are for asthma. The other main pediatric respiratory diseases, in terms of incidence, are bronchiolitis, acute bronchitis and respiratory infections. Oral corticosteroids, in particular prednisolone, are often used to treat acute respiratory diseases given their anti-inflammatory effects. However, the efficacy of treatment with oral corticosteroids differs among the various types of pediatric respiratory diseases. Notably, also the adverse effects of corticosteroid treatment can differ depending on dosage, duration of treatment and type of corticosteroid administered - a case in point being growth retardation in long-course treatment...
March 23, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314574/apol1-a-case-in-point-for-replacing-race-with-genetics
#4
Girish N Nadkarni, Christina M Wyatt, Barbara Murphy, Michael J Ross
Ethnicity-specific differences in apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) polymorphisms are associated with racial disparities in kidney transplantation outcomes. APOL1 genotyping may better help define graft outcome risk pre-transplantation; however, more research is needed.
April 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259152/should-chemoprophylaxis-be-a-main-strategy-for-preventing-re-introduction-of-malaria-in-highly-receptive-areas-sri-lanka-a-case-in-point
#5
A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Renu Wickremasinghe, Hemantha D B Herath, S Deepika Fernando
BACKGROUND: Imported malaria cases continue to be reported in Sri Lanka, which was declared 'malaria-free' by the World Health Organization in September 2016. Chemoprophylaxis, a recommended strategy for malaria prevention for visitors travelling to malaria-endemic countries from Sri Lanka is available free of charge. The strategy of providing chemoprophylaxis to visitors to a neighbouring malaria-endemic country within the perspective of a country that has successfully eliminated malaria but is highly receptive was assessed, taking Sri Lanka as a case in point...
March 4, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251058/aspirations-and-the-subjective-future-of-migration-comparing-views-and-desires-of-the-time-ahead-through-the-narratives-of-immigrant-domestic-workers
#6
Paolo Boccagni
Migrants' aspirations are a meaningful and under-appreciated research subject. My paper investigates their development and implications over the life course, building on an archive of life stories of immigrant domestic workers in Italy. It dissects the biographical bases of aspirations as ways of cultivating open representations of the future; hence, as a window on migrants' potential to shape the future itself, given their assets, the external structure of opportunities and the relational fields in which they are embedded...
2017: Comparative Migration Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224293/health-without-care-vulnerability-medical-brain-drain-and-health-worker-responsibilities-in-underserved-contexts
#7
Yusuf Yuksekdag
There is a consensus that the effects of medical brain drain, especially in the Sub-Saharan African countries, ought to be perceived as more than a simple misfortune. Temporary restrictions on the emigration of health workers from the region is one of the already existing policy measures to tackle the issue-while such a restrictive measure brings about the need for quite a justificatory work. A recent normative contribution to the debate by Gillian Brock provides a fruitful starting point. In the first step of her defence of emigration restrictions, Brock provides three reasons why skilled workers themselves would hold responsibilities to assist with respect to vital needs of their compatriots...
February 21, 2017: Health Care Analysis: HCA: Journal of Health Philosophy and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219729/basing-assessment-and-treatment-of-problem-behavior-on-behavioral-momentum-theory-analyses-of-behavioral-persistence
#8
REVIEW
Kelly M Schieltz, David P Wacker, Joel E Ringdahl, Wendy K Berg
The connection, or bridge, between applied and basic behavior analysis has been long-established (Hake, 1982; Mace & Critchfield, 2010). In this article, we describe how clinical decisions can be based more directly on behavioral processes and how basing clinical procedures on behavioral processes can lead to improved clinical outcomes. As a case in point, we describe how applied behavior analyses of maintenance, and specifically the long-term maintenance of treatment effects related to problem behavior, can be adjusted and potentially enhanced by basing treatment on Behavioral Momentum Theory...
February 17, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218831/new-possibilities-for-magnetic-control-of-chemical-and-biochemical-reactions
#9
Anatoly Buchachenko, Ronald G Lawler
Chemistry is controlled by Coulomb energy; magnetic energy is lower by many orders of magnitude and may be confidently ignored in the energy balance of chemical reactions. The situation becomes less clear, however, when reaction rates are considered. In this case, magnetic perturbations of nearly degenerate energy surface crossings may produce observable, and sometimes even dramatic, effects on reactions rates, product yields, and spectroscopic transitions. A case in point that has been studied for nearly five decades is electron spin-selective chemistry via the intermediacy of radical pairs...
February 20, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217109/e-coli-group-1-capsular-polysaccharide-exportation-nanomachinary-as-a-plausible-antivirulence-target-in-the-perspective-of-emerging-antimicrobial-resistance
#10
REVIEW
Shivangi Sachdeva, Raghuvamsi V Palur, Karpagam U Sudhakar, Thenmalarchelvi Rathinavelan
Bacteria evolving resistance against the action of multiple drugs and its ability to disseminate the multidrug resistance trait(s) across various strains of the same bacteria or different bacterial species impose serious threat to public health. Evolution of such multidrug resistance is due to the fact that, most of the antibiotics target bacterial survival mechanisms which exert selective pressure on the bacteria and aids them to escape from the action of antibiotics. Nonetheless, targeting bacterial virulence strategies such as bacterial surface associated polysaccharides biosynthesis and their surface accumulation mechanisms may be an attractive strategy, as they impose less selective pressure on the bacteria...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215758/living-autobiographically-concepts-of-aging-and-artistic-expression-in-painting-and-modern-dance
#11
Mita Banerjee, Anita Wohlmann, Ralf Dahm
This article discusses the ways in which artists have incorporated or failed to incorporate the aging process of their bodies into their art. Using Russian ballet dancer Mikhail Baryshnikov and the French painter Claude Monet as cases in point, we explore situations in which physical changes brought about by aging compromises artists' ability to engage with their artistic medium. Connecting Monet's oeuvre and Baryshnikov's dance performances to life writing accounts, we draw on John Paul Eakin's concept of "living autobiographically": In this vein, life writing research does not only have to take into account concepts of identity as they emerge from life writing narratives, but it also needs to explore the somatic, corporeal and material dimensions of these narratives...
January 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215352/photoreceptors-in-the-dark-a-functional-white-collar-like-complex-and-other-putative-light-sensing-components-encoded-by-the-genome-of-the-subterranean-fungus-tuber-melanosporum
#12
Raffaele Gerace, Barbara Montanini, Marco Proietto, Elisabetta Levati, Cristina De Luca, Andrea Brenna, Patrizia Filetici, Annegret Kohler, Simone Ottonello, Paola Ballario
Light is perceived and transduced by fungi, where it modulates processes as diverse as growth and morphogenesis, sexual development and secondary metabolism. A special case in point is that of fungi with a subterranean, light-shielded habitat such as Tuber spp. Using as reference the genome sequence of the black truffle Tuber melanosporum, we used bioinformatic prediction tools and expression data to gain insight on the photoreceptor systems of this hypogeous ectomycorrhizal fungus. These include a chromophore-less opsin, a putative red-light-sensing phytochrome not expressed at detectable levels in any of the examined lifecycle stages, and a nearly canonical two-component (WC-1/WC-2) photoreceptor system similar to the Neurospora white collar complex (WCC)...
March 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167648/natalizumab-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-case-in-point-for-the-impact-of-translational-neuroimmunology
#13
Afsaneh Shirani, Olaf Stüve
Advances in translational neuroimmunology over the last two decades have revolutionized the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis. A pathological hallmark of multiple sclerosis is the presence of leukocytes in the areas of disease activity in the CNS. Natalizumab inhibits the trafficking of lymphocytes from the blood into the brain and spinal cord by blocking the adhesion molecule α4-integrin. Representing the enormous success of a molecular targeted approach, natalizumab was the first mAb approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081159/osmoregulation-in-the-halophilic-bacterium-halomonas-elongata-a-case-study-for-integrative-systems-biology
#14
Viktoria Kindzierski, Silvia Raschke, Nicole Knabe, Frank Siedler, Beatrix Scheffer, Katharina Pflüger-Grau, Friedhelm Pfeiffer, Dieter Oesterhelt, Alberto Marin-Sanguino, Hans-Jörg Kunte
Halophilic bacteria use a variety of osmoregulatory methods, such as the accumulation of one or more compatible solutes. The wide diversity of compounds that can act as compatible solute complicates the task of understanding the different strategies that halophilic bacteria use to cope with salt. This is specially challenging when attempting to go beyond the pathway that produces a certain compatible solute towards an understanding of how the metabolic network as a whole addresses the problem. Metabolic reconstruction based on genomic data together with Flux Balance Analysis (FBA) is a promising tool to gain insight into this problem...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062580/hidden-female-physiological-resistance-to-male-accessory-gland-substances-in-a-simultaneous-hermaphrodite
#15
Monica Lodi, Joris M Koene
To increase fertilization chances compared with rivals, males are favoured to transfer accessory gland proteins to females during mating. These substances, by influencing female physiology, cause alteration of her sperm usage and remating rate. Simultaneously hermaphroditic land snails with love-darts are a case in point. During courtship, a love-dart is pierced through the partner's body wall, thereby introducing accessory mucous gland products. This mucus physiologically increases paternity by inhibiting the digestion of donated sperm...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934566/the-legal-ethical-backbone-of-conscientious-refusal
#16
Christian Munthe, Morten Ebbe Juul Nielsen
This article analyzes the idea of a legal right to conscientious refusal for healthcare professionals from a basic legal ethical standpoint, using refusal to perform tasks related to legal abortion (in cases of voluntary employment) as a case in point. The idea of a legal right to conscientious refusal is distinguished from ideas regarding moral rights or reasons related to conscientious refusal, and none of the latter are found to support the notion of a legal right. Reasons for allowing some sort of room for conscientious refusal for healthcare professionals based on the importance of cultural identity and the fostering of a critical atmosphere might provide some support, if no countervailing factors apply...
January 2017: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785557/-contrast-vision-definitions-conversions-and-equivalence-tables
#17
REVIEW
M Bach, M B Hoffmann, H Jägle, S P Heinrich, U Schiefer, W Wesemann
Human contrast vision and its quantitative assessment are gaining more attention. Publications on this topic can be confusing due to the overabundance of differing definitions and quantification of contrast vision. As a case in point, in Germany, contrast ratios as required for certain driving licenses and the DIN-defined contrast ratio are reciprocal. In this article, the five most important definitions of luminance contrast and contrast vision (Michelson, Weber, contrast ratios, logCS) are presented. We detail the specific domains for them, give formulae to convert between all of them and provide a table with equivalent values...
October 26, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709510/where-does-the-electron-go-stable-and-metastable-peptide-cation-radicals-formed-by-electron-transfer
#18
Robert Pepin, Erik D Layton, Yang Liu, Carlos Afonso, František Tureček
Electron transfer to doubly and triply charged heptapeptide ions containing polar residues Arg, Lys, and Asp in combination with nonpolar Gly, Ala, and Pro or Leu generates stable and metastable charge-reduced ions, (M + 2H)(+●), in addition to standard electron-transfer dissociation (ETD) fragment ions. The metastable (M + 2H)(+●) ions spontaneously dissociate upon resonant ejection from the linear ion trap, giving irregularly shaped peaks with offset m/z values. The fractions of stable and metastable (M + 2H)(+●) ions and their mass shifts depend on the presence of Pro-4 and Leu-4 residues in the peptides, with the Pro-4 sequences giving larger fractions of the stable ions while showing smaller mass shifts for the metastables...
January 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27660821/analysis-of-cystic-fibrosis-associated-p67l-cftr-illustrates-barriers-to-personalized-therapeutics-for-orphan-diseases
#19
Carleen M Sabusap, Wei Wang, Carmel M McNicholas, W Joon Chung, Lianwu Fu, Hui Wen, Marina Mazur, Kevin L Kirk, James F Collawn, Jeong S Hong, Eric J Sorscher
Emerging knowledge indicates the difficulty in categorizing unusual cystic fibrosis (CF) mutations, with regard to both pathogenic mechanism and theratype. As case in point, we present data concerning P67L mutation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR), a defect carried by a small number of individuals with CF and sometimes attributed to a channel conductance abnormality. Findings from our laboratory and others establish that P67L causes protein misfolding, disrupts maturation, confers gating defects, is thermally stable, and exhibits near normal conductance...
September 8, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648235/top-down-network-analysis-characterizes-hidden-termite-termite-interactions
#20
Colin Campbell, Laura Russo, Alessandra Marins, Og DeSouza, Karsten Schönrogge, David Mortensen, John Tooker, Réka Albert, Katriona Shea
The analysis of ecological networks is generally bottom-up, where networks are established by observing interactions between individuals. Emergent network properties have been indicated to reflect the dominant mode of interactions in communities that might be mutualistic (e.g., pollination) or antagonistic (e.g., host-parasitoid communities). Many ecological communities, however, comprise species interactions that are difficult to observe directly. Here, we propose that a comparison of the emergent properties from detail-rich reference communities with known modes of interaction can inform our understanding of detail-sparse focal communities...
September 2016: Ecology and Evolution
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