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Mark Sinyor, Jane Pirkis, André Picard, David McKeown, Margaret Vincent, Christian Cheung, Ayal Schaffer, Jan Fordham, Rosie Mishaiel, Marnin Heisel
Media reporting on suicide may have harmful and/or protective effects on deaths by suicide, depending on the nature of the coverage. Canada's first forum on this important issue was held in Toronto on November 6, 2015. Participating in the forum were public health policy-makers, mental health and suicide prevention experts and senior media representatives. This commentary summarizes the content of the forum and highlights the need for ongoing collaboration between suicide prevention experts and media professionals aimed at safe and respectful reporting that maintains the public's need to be informed...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Andrew Paul Gray, Faisca Richer, Sam Harper
OBJECTIVES: Following the onset of intensive colonial intervention and rapid social change in the lives of Inuit people, youth in Nunavik have experienced high rates of mental health problems and suicide. Inuit people describe a broad range of contextual influences on mental wellness based on lived experience, but most epidemiological studies have focused on individual risk factors and pathologies. This study aimed to assess the influence of multiple determinants of mental wellness among Inuit youth in Nunavik, including culturally meaningful activities, housing and community social characteristics...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
Paul T Menzel
VSED demands willful determination from those who do it. The requisite willfulness is an ethical strength, providing greater assurance of voluntariness. Dying by VSED has another major merit: its pace provides time for the person and loved ones to embrace death in a shared appreciation of life. Support from professional caregivers is important in making dying by VSED comfortable. If acknowledged by its providers, this need for professional support has ancillary benefits: accurate information is more likely to be communicated to patients, and professional caregivers help normalize VSED and minimize abuses...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Robert Horowitz, Bernard Sussman, Timothy Quill
In this article three palliative care physicians review narratives about the complicated experience of voluntarily stopping eating and drinking (VSED). Despite consensus about its legality, the decision to end life by VSED is emotionally and ethically challenging for patients, family members and clinicians. Each VSED story is unique, and the individual perspectives within a single story may diverge, conflict, and evolve over time. The narratives differ substantially in the range of suffering described, from acute, graphic, physical symptoms to primarily anticipatory and psychological distress...
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
Wendy Kohlhase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Narrative Inquiry in Bioethics
(no author information available yet)
People with mental health problems who are cared for by community crisis teams are far more likely to take their own life than those treated in hospital, research shows.
October 12, 2016: Nursing Standard
S A Stansfeld, C Clark, M Smuk, C Power, T Davidson, B Rodgers
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity predicts adolescent suicidal ideation but there are few studies examining whether the risk of childhood adversity extends to suicidal ideation in midlife. We hypothesized that childhood adversity predicts midlife suicidal ideation and this is partially mediated by adolescent internalizing disorders, externalizing disorders and adult exposure to life events and interpersonal difficulties. METHOD: At 45 years, 9377 women and men from the UK 1958 British Birth Cohort Study participated in a clinical survey...
October 20, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Catherine R Glenn, Elizabeth C Lanzillo, Erika C Esposito, Angela C Santee, Matthew K Nock, Randy P Auerbach
Suicidal and nonsuicidal self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs) among youth are major public health concerns. Although a growing body of research has focused on the complex association between nonsuicidal and suicidal self-injury, the temporal relationship between these two classes of behaviors is unclear. The current study addresses this empirical gap by examining the course of SITBs in adolescents receiving outpatient (N = 106; 82.1 % female) and inpatient (N = 174; 75.9 % female) treatment. SITBs (co-occurrence, age-of-onset, and time lag between SITBs) and major psychiatric disorders were assessed at a single time point with well-validated structured interviews...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
Elizabeth Marino, Christopher Wolsko, Susan G Keys, Laura Pennavaria
Suicide is a critical public health problem worldwide. In the United States (US), firearm ownership is common, and firearms account for the majority of deaths by suicide. While suicide prevention strategies may include limiting access to firearms, the contentious nature of gun regulations in the US, particularly among members of rural communities, often gives rise to constitutional concerns and political polarization that could inhibit suicidal persons from seeking the help they need. We examine potential outcomes of public health strategies in the US that encourage limiting access to firearms for populations who both value firearm ownership and are vulnerable to suicide...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
James Gilligan, Bandy X Lee, Shikha Garg, Morkeh Blay-Tofey, Audrey Luo
Many national and international institutions advocate approaching violence as a problem in public health and preventive medicine, in a manner similar to the way we address other disabling and life-threatening pathologies such as cancer, diabetes, and heart disease. Prevention by a health model requires an ecological perspective. Previous work has found evidence that economic factors, including unemployment and relative poverty, as well as political culture and values, may affect violent death rates, including homicide and suicide...
September 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Paul L Plener, Marc Allroggen, Nestor D Kapusta, Elmar Brähler, Jörg M Fegert, Rebecca C Groschwitz
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a proposed new "condition for further study" in the DSM-5. To date no prevalence data has been available on this diagnostic entity from a representative sample of the general population. METHODS: A representative sample of the German population (N = 2509, mean age = 48.8 years, SD = 18.1, female 55.4 %) completed the NSSI section of the German version of the Self-Injurious Thoughts and Behaviors Interview (SITBI-G)...
October 19, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
A M Shaw, K A Arditte Hall, E Rosenfield, K R Timpano
Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) is associated with elevated suicidality. Little is known about why BDD patients are at increased risk. The interpersonal-psychological theory of suicide (IPTS) could clarify suicidality in BDD, and theorizes that perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness lead to suicidal desire, while an acquired capability for suicide is necessary to attempt suicide. No study has investigated how BDD symptoms relate to IPTS constructs or mediators of the relationship between BDD and suicidality...
October 16, 2016: Body Image
Keiji Tasaka, Kousaku Matsubara, Shizuo Takamiya, Shin-Ichi Ishikawa, Aya Iwata, Hiroyuki Nigami
BACKGROUND: Information on long-term follow-up of childhood-onset anorexia nervosa is scarce. This study aimed to show long-term (>10 years) course, outcome and prognostic factors for hospitalized childhood-onset anorexia nervosa-restricting type (ANR). METHODS: Forty-one ANR girls admitted to a single regional center participated. Median age at first admission was 13.3 (range: 8.6-15.6) years. The longitudinal clinical course was retrospectively determined for a median follow-up period of 17...
October 19, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
O P Jatav, D Tiwari, Deepankar Lahariya, Jijo Varghese, Sangeeth Kumar, Jeby Jacob
Very few cases have been reported with Amitraz as a suicidal agent from India. Here we present such a case treated successfully with atropine sulphate.
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
David Hemenway, Elizabeth P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: No one has systematically collected the views of firearm researchers to determine if and where agreement exists on the scientific evidence about firearms and firearm violence. METHODS: We send a short monthly on-line survey to firearm researchers. Each survey asks respondents their level of agreement with a statement about firearms, their rating of the quality of the scientific evidence on the specific issue, their familiarity with that literature and their area of expertise...
October 6, 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Sarah M Belcher, Emilie A Hausmann, Susan M Cohen, Heidi S Donovan, Elizabeth A Schlenk
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of multiple primary cancers (MPC) is increasing, but little is known about psychological distress in this population. The purpose of this study is to review and synthesize the literature regarding what is known about psychological distress in adults who have experienced MPC diagnoses. METHODS: All potentially eligible studies identified in PubMed and CINAHL were reviewed by two independent evaluators, and each relevant article was assessed for methodological quality...
October 18, 2016: Psycho-oncology
Su Yeon Lee-Tauler, Seung Hee Lee-Kwan, Haera Han, Hochang B Lee, Joseph J Gallo, Jin Hui Joo
OBJECTIVE: Korean American Elderly (KAE) have high rates of depression but underuse mental health services. The purpose of this study was to assess the meaning of depression and help seeking among KAE residing in the United States who have clinically significant depressive symptoms. METHODS: As a follow up to the Memory and Aging Study of Koreans (MASK; n=1,118), a descriptive epidemiological study which showed that only one in four of KAE with clinically significant depressive symptoms (Patient Health Questionnaire-9≥10) used mental health services, we conducted a qualitative study using semi-structured interviews with participants with clinically significant depressive symptoms regarding the meaning of depression and beliefs about help seeking...
September 2016: Psychiatry Investigation
Ezekiel J Emanuel, Bregje D Onwuteaka-Philipsen, Joachim Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Daniel P Sulmasy, E Wesley Ely, Charles L Sprung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Kenneth R Stevens, William L Toffler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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