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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926528/ketamine-rapidly-relieves-acute-suicidal-ideation-in-cancer-patients-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Wei Fan, HaiKou Yang, Yong Sun, Jun Zhang, Guangming Li, Ying Zheng, Yi Liu
This study was designed to examine the rapid antidepressant effects of single dose ketamine on suicidal ideation and overall depression level in patients with newly-diagnosed cancer. Forty-two patients were enrolled into the controlled trial and randomized into two groups: ketamine group and midazolam group. Patients from the two groups received a sub-anesthetic dose of racemic ketamine hydrochloride or midazolam. Suicidal ideation score, measured with the Beck Scale and suicidal part of the Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale, significantly decreased on day 1 and day 3 in ketamine-treated patients when compared to those treated with midazolam...
December 1, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925354/detecting-mental-health-problems-and-suicidal-motives-among-terrorists-and-mass-shooters
#2
Adam Lankford
BACKGROUND: For years, many scholars dismissed the possibility that terrorists - including suicide attackers - could be mentally ill or primarily suicidal. However, that view is gradually changing. AIM: Researchers continue to face significant challenges when attempting to detect mental health problems and suicidal motives among terrorists and mass shooters, because many offenders cannot easily be psychologically assessed. This article offers several specific recommendations for how researchers can better understand offenders' mental state by studying their life histories and behaviour...
December 2016: Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health: CBMH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924693/-suicidal-ideation-hopelessness-and-loneliness-in-the-elderly-general-population
#3
Thomas Gunzelmann, Manfred Beutel, Sören Kliem, Elmar Brähler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Zeitschrift Für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924143/-live-chat-clients-at-kids-help-phone-individual-characteristics-and-problem-topics
#4
Dilys Haner, Debra Pepler
OBJECTIVE: Young people in Canada prefer to use the Internet over face-to-face contact when seeking help for problems of daily living and mental health problems. Kids Help Phone (KHP) provides on-demand, anonymous help to young people via telephone and Live Chat technologies. METHODS: Two hundred thirty-two phone clients and 230 Live Chat clients responded to a questionnaire at this otherwise anonymous service, providing previously inaccessible data about their individual characteristics and characterizations of the problems for which they sought help...
2016: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923888/annals-express-attempted-suicide-by-ingestion-of-hair-dye-containing-p-phenylenediamine-a-case-report
#5
Lamis Beshir, Babiker Kaballo, Donald Young
Para-phenylenediamine (PPD) is widely used as a chemical in hair dyes and in combination with Henna. This dye is used to paint the body for decorative reasons, to speed the processing time of henna and intensify the results. PPD is quite used in the Middle East, North Africa and areas like India. Several reports have been published of fatal ingestion of hair dye containing para-phenylenediamine. Here we describe the case of a 14 year-old girl who ingested the compound but whose prompt treatment prevented her death...
December 5, 2016: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923730/are-neurocognitive-factors-associated-with-repetition-of-self-harm-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Angharad N de Cates, Karen Rees, Fabrice Jollant, Benjamin Perry, Karina Bennett, Katie Joyce, Eimear Leyden, Catherine Harmer, Keith Hawton, Kees van Heeringen, Matthew R Broome
BACKGROUND: Prediction of self-harm is limited clinically. Early identification of individuals likely to repeat self-harm could improve outcomes and reduce suicide risk. Various neurocognitive deficits have been found in people who self-harm, but the ability of these to predict repetition has yet to be established AIMS: Identify neurocognitive factors that may predict repetition of self-harm. METHODS: Systematic narrative review of English language publications assessing neurocognitive functioning and self-harm repetition, searching multiple databases from inception to March 2015...
December 3, 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923628/association-between-total-serum-cholesterol-and-suicide-attempts-in-subjects-with-major-depressive-disorder-exploring-the-role-of-clinical-and-biochemical-confounding-factors
#7
Francesco Bartoli, Cristina Crocamo, Antonios Dakanalis, Ilaria Riboldi, Alessio Miotto, Enrico Brosio, Massimo Clerici, Giuseppe Carrà
OBJECTIVES: We tested whether serum total cholesterol levels might be associated with recent suicide attempts in subjects with major depressive disorder, after controlling for relevant individual characteristics. DESIGN AND METHODS: We conducted a comparative cross-sectional study including consecutive inpatients with major depressive disorder. We differentiated subjects admitted for a recent serious (violent or non-violent) suicide attempt and those without such recent history...
December 3, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923371/type-of-sexual-intercourse-experience-and-suicidal-ideation-plans-and-attempts-among-youths-a-cross-sectional-study-in-south-korea
#8
Geum Hee Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant theoretical evidence of higher rates of suicide among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths, little is known about the relationship between suicide and types of sexual intercourse experience in youths. This study examines the association between the type of intercourse experience and suicide risk outcomes (SROs: suicidal ideation, plans for suicide, suicidal attempts) from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. METHODS: We analyzed cross-sectional data from 146,621 students aged 12-17 years for the years 2012 and 2013...
December 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923088/prevalence-of-depression-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-medical-students-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Lisa S Rotenstein, Marco A Ramos, Matthew Torre, J Bradley Segal, Michael J Peluso, Constance Guille, Srijan Sen, Douglas A Mata
Importance: Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students. Data Sources and Study Selection: Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016...
December 6, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922921/the-effects-of-muscle-relaxation-and-therapeutic-walking-on-depression-suicidal-ideation-and-quality-of-life-in-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-chemotherapy
#10
Fan-Ko Sun, Chao-Ming Hung, YuChun Yao, Chu-Yun Lu, Chun-Ying Chiang
BACKGROUND: The suicide rate of cancer patients is high in Taiwan. Breast cancer has a high incidence rate and is the leading cause of cancer in women. There is a lack of research examining breast cancer-related depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the effects of muscle relaxation and therapeutic walking on depression, suicidal ideation, and quality of life in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: An experimental approach was adopted...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922764/comparison-of-abuse-suspected-suicidal-intent-and-fatalities-related-to-the-7-day-buprenorphine-transdermal-patch-versus-other-opioid-analgesics-in-the-national-poison-data-system
#11
Paul M Coplan, Nelson E Sessler, Venkatesh Harikrishnan, Richa Singh, Charles Perkel
OBJECTIVE: Prescription opioid related abuse, suicide and death are significant public health problems. This study compares rates of poison center calls categorized as intentional abuse, suspected suicidal intent or fatality for the 7-day buprenorphine transdermal system/patch (BTDS) with other extended-release and long-acting (ER/LA) opioids indicated for chronic pain. DESIGN: Retrospective 24-month cohort study using National Poison Data System data from July 2012 through June 2014...
December 6, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922635/increased-plasma-levels-of-circulating-cell-free-mitochondrial-dna-in-suicide-attempters-associations-with-hpa-axis-hyperactivity
#12
D Lindqvist, J Fernström, C Grudet, L Ljunggren, L Träskman-Bendz, L Ohlsson, Å Westrin
Preclinical data suggest that chronic stress may cause cellular damage and mitochondrial dysfunction, potentially leading to the release of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) into the bloodstream. Major depressive disorder has been associated with an increased amount of mtDNA in leukocytes from saliva samples and blood; however, no previous studies have measured plasma levels of free-circulating mtDNA in a clinical psychiatric sample. In this study, free circulating mtDNA was quantified in plasma samples from 37 suicide attempters, who had undergone a dexamethasone suppression test (DST), and 37 healthy controls...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922239/predictors-of-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-a-psychiatric-referral
#13
Devrim Akdemir, Tuna Çak, Cihan Aslan, Büşra Sultan Aydos, Kevser Nalbant, Füsun Çuhadaroğlu-Çetin
In the literature self-esteem is found to be lower in clinically referred adolescents compared to adolescents without any psychiatric disorder. The aim of this study is to examine self-esteem and associated socio-demographical and psychological factors in clinically referred adolescents in Turkey. Three hundred forty-nine adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years admitted to the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry with a psychiatric complaint were enrolled. Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), Parenting Style Scale (PSS) and Sense of Identity Assessment Form (SIAF) were used for the evaluation...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919695/metabolomics-identifies-perturbations-in-amino-acid-metabolism-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-of-the-learned-helplessness-rat-model-of-depression
#14
Xinyu Zhou, Lanxiang Liu, Yuqing Zhang, Juncai Pu, Lining Yang, Chanjuan Zhou, Shuai Yuan, Hanping Zhang, Peng Xie
Major depressive disorder is a serious psychiatric condition associated with high rates of suicide and is a leading cause of health burden worldwide. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of major depression are still essentially unclear. In our study, a non-targeted gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-based metabolomics approach was used to investigate metabolic changes in the prefrontal cortex of the learned helplessness rat model of depression. Body-weight measurements and behavioral tests including the active escape test, sucrose preference test, forced swimming test, elevated plus-maze and open field test were used to assess changes in the behavioral spectrum after inescapable footshock stress...
December 2, 2016: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919307/patterns-and-correlates-of-major-depression-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-study-of-0-5-million-men-and-women
#15
Y Chen, D Bennett, R Clarke, Y Guo, C Yu, Z Bian, L Ma, Y Huang, Q Sun, N Zhang, X Zheng, J Chen, R Peto, K S Kendler, L Li, Z Chen
BACKGROUND: Worldwide 350 million people suffer from major depression, with the majority of cases occurring in low- and middle-income countries. We examined the patterns, correlates and care-seeking behaviour of adults suffering from major depressive episode (MDE) in China. METHOD: A nationwide study recruited 512 891 adults aged 30-79 years from 10 provinces across China during 2004-2008. The 12-month prevalence of MDE was assessed by the Modified Composite International Diagnostic Interview-short form...
December 6, 2016: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919303/mental-illness-stigma-and-suicidality-the-role-of-public-and-individual-stigma
#16
N Oexle, T Waldmann, T Staiger, Z Xu, N Rüsch
AIMS: Suicide rates are increased among unemployed individuals and mental illness stigma can contribute to both unemployment and suicidality. Persons with mental illness perceive negative attitudes among the general public and experience discrimination in their everyday life (=public stigma components) potentially leading to self-stigma and anticipated discrimination (=individual stigma components). Previous research found evidence for an association between aspects of mental illness stigma and suicidality, but has not yet clarified the underlying pathways explaining how different stigma components interact and contribute to suicidal ideation...
December 6, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919064/working-conditions-as-modifiable-risk-factors-for-suicidal-thoughts-and-behaviours
#17
Anthony D LaMontagne, Allison Milner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 21, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918969/isolating-effects-of-moral-injury-and-low-post-deployment-support-within-the-u-s-military
#18
Claire Houtsma, Lauren R Khazem, Bradley A Green, Michael D Anestis
Suicide rates within U.S. military components, particularly the National Guard, are significantly higher than the general population suicide rate. To better understand and prevent suicide within this population, we must identify mechanisms of risk contributing to these discrepancies. One risk factor relevant to military service is moral injury, a term for experiences that violate one's moral beliefs. Using a series of hierarchical multiple regressions, the current study examined the moderating role of post-deployment social support on the association between moral injury (self-transgressions, other-transgressions, and betrayal) and thwarted belongingness among military personnel...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918322/social-psychological-factors-and-suicidal-intent-among-suicide-attempters-in-rural-china-a-path-analysis
#19
Jin-Yu Wang, Jie Chu, Shi-Hua Sun, Jie Zhang, Xiao-Lei Guo, Cun-Xian Jia
This study explores the effects of social psychological factors on suicidal intent among suicide attempters in rural China. Suicide attempters were identified by the county-level Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDCs) and interviewed by the research team. A path analysis was conducted with physical illness, social support, and negative life events as exogenous variables, and life satisfaction, depressive emotions, and suicidal intent as endogenous variables. Beginning with a saturation model, a best model was obtained after removing the paths that were not significant...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917848/depression-and-intimate-relationships-of-adolescents-from-divorced-families
#20
Halima Hadžikapetanović, Tajib Babić, Edin Bjelošević
Aim To determine an impact of parental divorce to depression and intimate relationships of young people during adolescence, and prevalence of symptoms of depression and the level of intimacy in relations to adolescents living in intact families and those from divorced families. Methods This prospective descriptive research was conducted on a sample of 168 examinees of which 64 (38.1%) were students of the University Zenica, and 104 (61.9%) high students schools from Zenica and Maglaj cities during May and June 2011...
February 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
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