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Viren N Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Colin Hamlin, Kanwar Bhangu, Alexander Villafranca, Manpreet Bhangu, Robert Brown, Marshall Tenenbein, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Historically, anesthesiology departments have played a small role in teaching the pre-clerkship component of undergraduate medical education (UGME). The purpose of this study was to measure the current participation of Canadian anesthesiologists in UGME with a focus on pre-clerkship. METHODS: Three surveys were developed in collaboration with the Association of Canadian Departments of Anesthesia. After an initial series of validation procedures, the surveys were distributed to anesthesia department heads, UGME directors, and associate deans at the 17 Canadian medical schools...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Weichao Chen, Melanie McCollum, Elizabeth Bradley, Donna T Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
Cathleen C Pettepher, Kimberly D Lomis, Neil Osheroff
Physicians-in-training require skills and attitudes beyond medical knowledge in order to mature into successful clinicians. However, because assessments in pre-clerkship curricula historically have focused almost exclusively on medical knowledge, faculty contributions to early student development often have been limited. To address this challenge and enhance student progress, we re-designed our pre-clerkship curriculum to include settings in which diverse facets of student performance could be observed and fostered...
September 2016: Medical Science Educator
Anita V Kusnoor, Linda A Stelljes
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) aims to improve patient outcomes. Interprofessional shadowing improves students' knowledge of different roles and attitudes toward other professionals. AIM: This study evaluates (1) how pre-clinical medical students describe the roles of the healthcare professionals they shadowed, and (2) whether shadowing can be used to introduce medical students to the benefits of interprofessional collaboration, and if so, in what ways...
September 20, 2016: Medical Teacher
Andrea A Jones, Enoch Ng, Marc-Olivier Deguise, Lauren Mak, Ben Ouyang, Milani Sivapragasam, Ian A S MacNairn, Siddharth Narth, Matthew G K Benesch, Laura Forrest, Xin Wang
PURPOSE: There has been limited examination of clinician scientist training in Canada, particularly regarding training integration and funding. This study assessed program structure, funding, tuition and mentorship structures available at Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada administered an anonymous survey to current trainees and program directors that captured program structure, trainee funding, tuition and mentorship opportunities and needs across institutions...
2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
Denise Jaworsky, Sandra Gardner, Julie G Thorne, Malika Sharma, Nancy McNaughton, Suzanne Paddock, Derek Chew, Rick Lees, Tutsirai Makuwaza, Anne Wagner, Anita Rachlis
People living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) are increasingly recognized as experts in HIV and their own health. We developed a simulated clinical encounter (SCE) in which medical students provided HIV pre- and post-test counselling and point-of-care HIV testing for PHAs as patient instructors (PHA-PIs) under clinical preceptor supervision. The study assessed the acceptability of this teaching tool with a focus on assessing impact on HIV-related stigma among medical students. University of Toronto pre-clerkship medical students participated in a series of SCEs facilitated by 16 PHA-PIs and 22 clinical preceptors...
August 31, 2016: AIDS Care
Jeffrey S LaRochelle, Ting Dong, Steven J Durning
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that pre-clerkship courses in clinical skills and clinical reasoning positively impact student performance on the clerkship. Given the increasing emphasis on reducing diagnostic reasoning errors, it is very important to develop this critical area of medical education. An integrated approach between clinical skills and clinical reasoning courses may better predict struggling learners, and better allocate scarce resources to remediate these learners before the clerkship...
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
Karen A Willoughby, Charo Rodríguez, Miriam Boillat, Marion Dove, Peter Nugus, Yvonne Steinert, Leonora Lalla
BACKGROUND: Despite the implementation of longitudinal community-based pre-clerkship courses in several Canadian medical schools, there is a paucity of data assessing students' views regarding their experiences. The present study sought to measure students' perceived effects of the new Longitudinal Family Medicine Experience (LFME) course at McGill University. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire called the 'LFME Survey (Student Version)' was created, and all first-year medical students completed it online...
May 2016: Education for Primary Care
Emily Milford, Kristin Morrison, Carol Teutsch, Bergen B Nelson, Ariella Herman, Mernell King, Nathan Beucke
BACKGROUND: Medical schools need to teach future physicians about health literacy and patient-doctor communication, especially when working with vulnerable communities, but many fall short. In this article, we present a community-based, service learning experience over one academic year during the pre-clerkship portion of medical school as an innovative and successful model for medical students to learn about health literacy and practice effective communication strategies. "Eat Healthy, Stay Active!" (EHSA) is a 5-month pediatric obesity intervention designed for Head Start children, their parent (s), and staff...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Marlon Danilewitz, Jacques Bradwejn, Diana Koszycki
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation has gained momentum in medical circles for bolstering wellbeing and other facets of professionalism. This study evaluated the feasibility and benefits of a peer-led mindfulness meditation program (MMP) on medical student wellness and professionalism. METHOD: Pre-clerkship students were recruited and randomized to the 8-week MMP or wait-list. Feasibility outcomes included ease of recruitment, program attendance and homework compliance...
2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
William Kelly, Brian Neubauer, Brian Hemann, Jeffrey LaRochelle, J Timothy O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medical Education
Miriam Hoffman, Molly Cohen-Osher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition from pre-clerkship to clerkship curriculum in medical school presents many challenges to students. Student roles and supervising physicians' expectations vary widely. Efforts to ease this transition have included third-year orientations, skills sessions, field- specific training, and peer-to-peer communication/support. We developed a new tool, called The One Minute Learner (OML), to promote and structure discussion of student goals and expectations and empower student ownership of learning...
March 2016: Family Medicine
Clifford A Coleman, Sylvia Peterson-Perry, Tracy Bumsted
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there are reports of short-term benefits of health literacy curricula for improving health care professionals' communication with patients, no studies have included long-term follow-up. We sought to determine (1) whether a pre-clerkship health literacy training can improve medical students' perceived knowledge and intended behaviors vis-á-vis communication with patients who have low health literacy, (2) the longevity of any such impact at 12 months, and (3) the impact of a follow-up training 1 year later...
January 2016: Family Medicine
Sheri F T Fong, Damon H Sakai, Richard T Kasuya, Kenton Kramer, Vanessa S Wong, William Haning, Ivy Asano, Jane H Uyehara-Lock, Karen Thompson, Jill S M Omori, Shannon M Hirose-Wong, David T Horio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
H Carrie Chen, Olle ten Cate, Patricia O'Sullivan, Christy Boscardin, W Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Preetha Basaviah, Theresa Woehrle, Arianne Teherani
CONTEXT: Workplace learning is optimised when learners engage in the activities of the workplace; learner engagement is influenced by workplace affordances and learner agency. Learner agency can be operationalised through achievement goal theory, which explains that students can have different goal orientations as they enter learning situations: mastery (learn and improve), performance approach (demonstrate competence) or performance-avoid (avoid demonstrating incompetence). Mastery-orientated, compared with performance-orientated, students approach curricular experiences as opportunities for developing rather than demonstrating competence...
February 2016: Medical Education
Dinara Saparova, Nathanial S Nolan
OBJECTIVES: Current US medical students have begun to rely on electronic information repositories-such as UpToDate, AccessMedicine, and Wikipedia-for their pre-clerkship medical education. However, it is unclear whether these resources are appropriate for this level of learning due to factors involving information quality, level of evidence, and the requisite knowledgebase. This study evaluated appropriateness of electronic information resources from a novel perspective: amount of mental effort learners invest in interactions with these resources and effects of the experienced mental effort on learning...
January 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
Peng You, Marie Leung, Victoria Y Y Xu, Alexander Astell, Sudeep S Gill, Michelle Gibson, Christopher Frank
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: To foster interest in geriatric care, the Queen's Geriatrics Interest Group (QGIG) collaborated with the Division of Geriatric Medicine to arrange a Geriatrics Pre-Clerkship Observership Program. METHODS: Forty-two pre-clerkship medical students participated in the program between October 2013 and May 2014. Participants were paired with a resident and/or attending physician for a four-hour weekend observership on an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation unit...
December 2015: Canadian Geriatrics Journal: CGJ
Marcela Bitran, Oslando Padilla, Denisse Zúñiga, Isabel Leiva, Maribel Calderón, Arnoldo Riquelme
BACKGROUND: Upon the beginning of pre-clerkship years, medical students must develop strategies to learn from experience and to improve their relational skills to communicate with patients. AIM: To develop an instrument to identify the strategies used by medical students to learn in clinical contexts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using a Delfi technique to reach consensus, a national panel of students and clinical teachers from 15 Chilean medical schools analyzed an 80-item questionnaire built from perceptions of Chilean students and teachers from one medical school...
October 2015: Revista Médica de Chile
Lama AlFakhri, Jumana Sarraj, Shouq Kherallah, Khulood Kuhail, Akef Obeidat, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
BACKGROUND: The medical student population is believed to be at an increased risk for sleep deprivation. Little is known about students' perceptions towards sleep deprivation and its relationship to academic performance. The aim of study is to explore the perceptions of medical students and their academic advisors about sleep deprivation and its relationship to academic performance. METHODS: The study took place at Alfaisal University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2015: BMC Research Notes
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