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Pre-clerkship

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485102/a-web-based-peer-feedback-tool-for-physical-examination
#1
Ryan Luther, Lisa Richardson
BACKGROUND: Medical students do not have many formal opportunities to practise physical examinations during their pre-clerkship years. Consequently, they often practise their examination skills with peers outside of formal teaching sessions. There are also few opportunities for observation and feedback on their skills in this area. CONTEXT: The undergraduate medical programme at the University of Toronto is a 4-year programme where students learn clinical skills in the first 2 years prior to beginning clinical rotations...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395598/improving-clerkship-preparedness-a-hospital-medicine-elective-for-pre-clerkship-students
#2
Denise M Connor, Paul J Conlon, Bridget C O'Brien, Calvin L Chou
BACKGROUND: Medical students often struggle to apply their nascent clinical skills in clerkships. While transitional clerkships can orient students to new roles and logistics, students may benefit from developing clinical skills in inpatient environments earlier in their curriculum to improve readiness for clerkships. INTERVENTION: Our four- to six-session elective provides pre-clerkship students with individualized learning in the inpatient setting with the aim of improving clerkship preparedness...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390032/a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-undergraduate-clerkships-in-the-intensive-care-unit-it-s-a%C3%A2-brand-new-world
#3
Enda O'Connor, Michael Moore, Walter Cullen, Peter Cantillon
INTRODUCTION: While ICU clerkships are commonplace in undergraduate medical education, little is known about how students learn there. This study aimed to explore students' perceptions of the ICU as a learning environment, the factors influencing their learning and any perceived differences between learning in the ICU and non-ICU settings. METHODS: We used interpretivist methodology, a social cognitive theoretical framework and a qualitative descriptive strategy...
June 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375898/virtual-reality-compared-with-bench-top-simulation-in-the-acquisition-of-arthroscopic-skill-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daniel Banaszek, Daniel You, Justues Chang, Michael Pickell, Daniel Hesse, Wilma M Hopman, Daniel Borschneck, Davide Bardana
BACKGROUND: Work-hour restrictions as set forth by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) and other governing bodies have forced training programs to seek out new learning tools to accelerate acquisition of both medical skills and knowledge. As a result, competency-based training has become an important part of residency training. The purpose of this study was to directly compare arthroscopic skill acquisition in both high-fidelity and low-fidelity simulator models and to assess skill transfer from either modality to a cadaveric specimen, simulating intraoperative conditions...
April 5, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344717/a-digital-peer-to-peer-learning-platform-for-clinical-skills-development
#5
Jesse Basnak, Jennifer Ortynski, Meghan Chow, Emeka Nzekwu
BACKGROUND: Due to constraints in time and resources, medical curricula may not provide adequate opportunities for pre-clerkship students to practice clinical skills. To address this, medical students at the University of Alberta developed a digital peer-to-peer learning initiative. The initiative assessed if students can learn clinical skills from their peers in co-curricular practice objective structured clinical exams (OSCEs). METHODS: A total of 144 first-year medical students participated...
February 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186057/adding-live-streaming-to-recorded-lectures-in-a-non-distributed-pre-clerkship-medical-education-model
#6
Amanjot Sandhu, Aviva Fliker, Darren Leitao, Jodi Jones, Adrian Gooi
BACKGROUND: Live-streaming video has had increasing uses in medical education, especially in distributed education models. The literature on the impact of live-streaming in non-distributed education models, however, is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To determine the attitudes towards live-streaming and recorded lectures as a resource to pre-clerkship medical students in a non-distributed medical education model. METHODS: First and second year medical students were sent a voluntary cross-sectional survey by email, and were asked questions on live-streaming, recorded lectures and in person lectures using a 5-point Likert and open answers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018764/specialty-preferences-and-the-factors-influencing-them-among-pre-clerkship-medical-students-the-first-study-from-alfaisal-university-college-of-medicine-saudi-arabia
#7
Nouf Alsubaie, Hadeel S Aldhofaian, Lamya Alhuwaimel, Noorah Ruxshan, Fatimah Alghamdi, Ahmad Shamia, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
AIM: To explore the specialty preferences and the factors influencing them among pre-clerkship (second-year and third-year) medical students at Alfaisal University-College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: An online, anonymous, cross-sectional, self-rating survey was administered. The survey explored socio-demographical data, specialty preferences and the factors influencing such preferences. A gender-wise statistical analysis was performed. RESULTS: Two hundred fifty-two students participated in the survey (n=252/308; response rate: 81...
November 23, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900072/comparison-of-medical-students-satisfaction-with-family-medicine-clerkships-between-university-hospitals-and-community-hospitals-or-clinics
#8
Eal Whan Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare students' awareness of and satisfaction with clerkships in family medicine between a university hospital and a community hospital or clinic. METHODS: Thirty-eight 4th year medical students who were undergoing a clerkship in family medicine in the 1st semester of 2012 were surveyed via questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered both before and after the clerkship. RESULTS: External clerkships were completed in eight family medicine clinics and two regional hospitals...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#9
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815803/advancements-in-undergraduate-medical-education-meeting-the-challenges-of-an-evolving-world-of-education-healthcare-and-technology
#10
REVIEW
P G Shelton, Irma Corral, Brandon Kyle
Restructuring of undergraduate medical education (UGME) has occurred from time to time over the past century. Many influences, including the persuasive report of Abraham Flexner in 1910, acted to reorganize medical education in the early twentieth century [1, 2]. In his report, Flexner called on American medical schools to enact higher graduation standards and to stringently adhere to the protocols of mainstream science in their teaching. Prior to this report, UGME had changed little over the previous century but over the last several decades, reform within medical education has become routine...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778174/pre-clerkship-teaching-are-we-missing-an-opportunity
#11
EDITORIAL
Viren N Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778172/participation-of-canadian-anesthesiology-departments-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#12
Colin Hamlin, Kanwar Bhangu, Alexander Villafranca, Manpreet Bhangu, Robert Brown, Marshall Tenenbein, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Historically, anesthesiology departments have played a small role in teaching the pre-clerkship component of undergraduate medical education (UGME). The purpose of this study was to measure the current participation of Canadian anesthesiologists in UGME with a focus on pre-clerkship. METHODS: Three surveys were developed in collaboration with the Association of Canadian Departments of Anesthesia. After an initial series of validation procedures, the surveys were distributed to anesthesia department heads, UGME directors, and associate deans at the 17 Canadian medical schools...
January 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762017/shared-team-leadership-training-through-pre-clerkship-team-based-learning
#13
Weichao Chen, Melanie McCollum, Elizabeth Bradley, Donna T Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752401/from-theory-to-practice-utilizing-competency-based-milestones-to-assess-professional-growth-and-development-in-the-foundational-science-blocks-of-a-pre-clerkship-medical-school-curriculum
#14
Cathleen C Pettepher, Kimberly D Lomis, Neil Osheroff
Physicians-in-training require skills and attitudes beyond medical knowledge in order to mature into successful clinicians. However, because assessments in pre-clerkship curricula historically have focused almost exclusively on medical knowledge, faculty contributions to early student development often have been limited. To address this challenge and enhance student progress, we re-designed our pre-clerkship curriculum to include settings in which diverse facets of student performance could be observed and fostered...
September 2016: Medical Science Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647042/interprofessional-learning-through-shadowing-insights-and-lessons-learned
#15
Anita V Kusnoor, Linda A Stelljes
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) aims to improve patient outcomes. Interprofessional shadowing improves students' knowledge of different roles and attitudes toward other professionals. AIM: This study evaluates (1) how pre-clinical medical students describe the roles of the healthcare professionals they shadowed, and (2) whether shadowing can be used to introduce medical students to the benefits of interprofessional collaboration, and if so, in what ways...
December 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619400/md-phd-training-in-canada-results-from-a-national-trainee-and-program-director-review
#16
Andrea A Jones, Enoch Ng, Marc-Olivier Deguise, Lauren Mak, Ben Ouyang, Milani Sivapragasam, Ian A S MacNairn, Siddharth Narth, Matthew G K Benesch, Laura Forrest, Xin Wang
PURPOSE: There has been limited examination of clinician scientist training in Canada, particularly regarding training integration and funding. This study assessed program structure, funding, tuition and mentorship structures available at Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada administered an anonymous survey to current trainees and program directors that captured program structure, trainee funding, tuition and mentorship opportunities and needs across institutions...
September 11, 2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577683/the-role-of-people-living-with-hiv-as-patient-instructors-reducing-stigma-and-improving-interest-around-hiv-care-among-medical-students
#17
Denise Jaworsky, Sandra Gardner, Julie G Thorne, Malika Sharma, Nancy McNaughton, Suzanne Paddock, Derek Chew, Rick Lees, Tutsirai Makuwaza, Anne Wagner, Anita Rachlis
People living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) are increasingly recognized as experts in HIV and their own health. We developed a simulated clinical encounter (SCE) in which medical students provided HIV pre- and post-test counselling and point-of-care HIV testing for PHAs as patient instructors (PHA-PIs) under clinical preceptor supervision. The study assessed the acceptability of this teaching tool with a focus on assessing impact on HIV-related stigma among medical students. University of Toronto pre-clerkship medical students participated in a series of SCEs facilitated by 16 PHA-PIs and 22 clinical preceptors...
April 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432368/pre-clerkship-clinical-skills-and-clinical-reasoning-course-performance-explaining-the-variance-in-clerkship-performance-pre-clerkship-predictors-of-clerkship-variance
#18
Jeffrey S LaRochelle, Ting Dong, Steven J Durning
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that pre-clerkship courses in clinical skills and clinical reasoning positively impact student performance on the clerkship. Given the increasing emphasis on reducing diagnostic reasoning errors, it is very important to develop this critical area of medical education. An integrated approach between clinical skills and clinical reasoning courses may better predict struggling learners, and better allocate scarce resources to remediate these learners before the clerkship...
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121287/assessing-students-perceptions-of-the-effects-of-a-new-canadian-longitudinal-pre-clerkship-family-medicine-experience
#19
Karen A Willoughby, Charo Rodríguez, Miriam Boillat, Marion Dove, Peter Nugus, Yvonne Steinert, Leonora Lalla
BACKGROUND: Despite the implementation of longitudinal community-based pre-clerkship courses in several Canadian medical schools, there is a paucity of data assessing students' views regarding their experiences. The present study sought to measure students' perceived effects of the new Longitudinal Family Medicine Experience (LFME) course at McGill University. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire called the 'LFME Survey (Student Version)' was created, and all first-year medical students completed it online...
May 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107965/out-of-the-classroom-and-into-the-community-medical-students-consolidate-learning-about-health-literacy-through-collaboration-with-head-start
#20
Emily Milford, Kristin Morrison, Carol Teutsch, Bergen B Nelson, Ariella Herman, Mernell King, Nathan Beucke
BACKGROUND: Medical schools need to teach future physicians about health literacy and patient-doctor communication, especially when working with vulnerable communities, but many fall short. In this article, we present a community-based, service learning experience over one academic year during the pre-clerkship portion of medical school as an innovative and successful model for medical students to learn about health literacy and practice effective communication strategies. "Eat Healthy, Stay Active!" (EHSA) is a 5-month pediatric obesity intervention designed for Head Start children, their parent (s), and staff...
April 23, 2016: BMC Medical Education
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