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Pre-clerkship

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900072/comparison-of-medical-students-satisfaction-with-family-medicine-clerkships-between-university-hospitals-and-community-hospitals-or-clinics
#1
Eal Whan Park
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare students' awareness of and satisfaction with clerkships in family medicine between a university hospital and a community hospital or clinic. METHODS: Thirty-eight 4th year medical students who were undergoing a clerkship in family medicine in the 1st semester of 2012 were surveyed via questionnaire. The questionnaire was administered both before and after the clerkship. RESULTS: External clerkships were completed in eight family medicine clinics and two regional hospitals...
November 2016: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878052/missing-the-mark-current-practices-in-teaching-the-male-urogenital-examination-to-canadian-undergraduate-medical-students
#2
Kristen McAlpine, Stephen Steele
INTRODUCTION: The urogenital physical examination is an important aspect of patient encounters in various clinical settings. Introductory clinical skills sessions are intended to provide support and alleviate students' anxiety when learning this sensitive exam. The techniques each Canadian medical school uses to guide their students through the initial urogenital examination has not been previously reported. METHODS: This study surveyed pre-clerkship clinical skills program directors at the main campus of English-speaking Canadian medical schools regarding the curriculum they use to teach the urogenital examination...
August 2016: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815803/advancements-in-undergraduate-medical-education-meeting-the-challenges-of-an-evolving-world-of-education-healthcare-and-technology
#3
REVIEW
P G Shelton, Irma Corral, Brandon Kyle
Restructuring of undergraduate medical education (UGME) has occurred from time to time over the past century. Many influences, including the persuasive report of Abraham Flexner in 1910, acted to reorganize medical education in the early twentieth century [1, 2]. In his report, Flexner called on American medical schools to enact higher graduation standards and to stringently adhere to the protocols of mainstream science in their teaching. Prior to this report, UGME had changed little over the previous century but over the last several decades, reform within medical education has become routine...
November 5, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778174/pre-clerkship-teaching-are-we-missing-an-opportunity
#4
Viren N Naik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778172/participation-of-canadian-anesthesiology-departments-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#5
Colin Hamlin, Kanwar Bhangu, Alexander Villafranca, Manpreet Bhangu, Robert Brown, Marshall Tenenbein, Eric Jacobsohn
PURPOSE: Historically, anesthesiology departments have played a small role in teaching the pre-clerkship component of undergraduate medical education (UGME). The purpose of this study was to measure the current participation of Canadian anesthesiologists in UGME with a focus on pre-clerkship. METHODS: Three surveys were developed in collaboration with the Association of Canadian Departments of Anesthesia. After an initial series of validation procedures, the surveys were distributed to anesthesia department heads, UGME directors, and associate deans at the 17 Canadian medical schools...
October 24, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762017/shared-team-leadership-training-through-pre-clerkship-team-based-learning
#6
Weichao Chen, Melanie McCollum, Elizabeth Bradley, Donna T Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752401/from-theory-to-practice-utilizing-competency-based-milestones-to-assess-professional-growth-and-development-in-the-foundational-science-blocks-of-a-pre-clerkship-medical-school-curriculum
#7
Cathleen C Pettepher, Kimberly D Lomis, Neil Osheroff
Physicians-in-training require skills and attitudes beyond medical knowledge in order to mature into successful clinicians. However, because assessments in pre-clerkship curricula historically have focused almost exclusively on medical knowledge, faculty contributions to early student development often have been limited. To address this challenge and enhance student progress, we re-designed our pre-clerkship curriculum to include settings in which diverse facets of student performance could be observed and fostered...
September 2016: Medical Science Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647042/interprofessional-learning-through-shadowing-insights-and-lessons-learned
#8
Anita V Kusnoor, Linda A Stelljes
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) aims to improve patient outcomes. Interprofessional shadowing improves students' knowledge of different roles and attitudes toward other professionals. AIM: This study evaluates (1) how pre-clinical medical students describe the roles of the healthcare professionals they shadowed, and (2) whether shadowing can be used to introduce medical students to the benefits of interprofessional collaboration, and if so, in what ways...
September 20, 2016: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619400/md-phd-training-in-canada-results-from-a-national-trainee-and-program-director-review
#9
Andrea A Jones, Enoch Ng, Marc-Olivier Deguise, Lauren Mak, Ben Ouyang, Milani Sivapragasam, Ian A S MacNairn, Siddharth Narth, Matthew G K Benesch, Laura Forrest, Xin Wang
PURPOSE: There has been limited examination of clinician scientist training in Canada, particularly regarding training integration and funding. This study assessed program structure, funding, tuition and mentorship structures available at Canadian MD/PhD programs. METHODS: Clinician Investigator Trainee Association of Canada administered an anonymous survey to current trainees and program directors that captured program structure, trainee funding, tuition and mentorship opportunities and needs across institutions...
2016: Clinical and Investigative Medicine. Médecine Clinique et Experimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577683/the-role-of-people-living-with-hiv-as-patient-instructors-reducing-stigma-and-improving-interest-around-hiv-care-among-medical-students
#10
Denise Jaworsky, Sandra Gardner, Julie G Thorne, Malika Sharma, Nancy McNaughton, Suzanne Paddock, Derek Chew, Rick Lees, Tutsirai Makuwaza, Anne Wagner, Anita Rachlis
People living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) are increasingly recognized as experts in HIV and their own health. We developed a simulated clinical encounter (SCE) in which medical students provided HIV pre- and post-test counselling and point-of-care HIV testing for PHAs as patient instructors (PHA-PIs) under clinical preceptor supervision. The study assessed the acceptability of this teaching tool with a focus on assessing impact on HIV-related stigma among medical students. University of Toronto pre-clerkship medical students participated in a series of SCEs facilitated by 16 PHA-PIs and 22 clinical preceptors...
August 31, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27432368/pre-clerkship-clinical-skills-and-clinical-reasoning-course-performance-explaining-the-variance-in-clerkship-performance-pre-clerkship-predictors-of-clerkship-variance
#11
Jeffrey S LaRochelle, Ting Dong, Steven J Durning
INTRODUCTION: Evidence suggests that pre-clerkship courses in clinical skills and clinical reasoning positively impact student performance on the clerkship. Given the increasing emphasis on reducing diagnostic reasoning errors, it is very important to develop this critical area of medical education. An integrated approach between clinical skills and clinical reasoning courses may better predict struggling learners, and better allocate scarce resources to remediate these learners before the clerkship...
August 2016: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27121287/assessing-students-perceptions-of-the-effects-of-a-new-canadian-longitudinal-pre-clerkship-family-medicine-experience
#12
Karen A Willoughby, Charo Rodríguez, Miriam Boillat, Marion Dove, Peter Nugus, Yvonne Steinert, Leonora Lalla
BACKGROUND: Despite the implementation of longitudinal community-based pre-clerkship courses in several Canadian medical schools, there is a paucity of data assessing students' views regarding their experiences. The present study sought to measure students' perceived effects of the new Longitudinal Family Medicine Experience (LFME) course at McGill University. METHODS: A 34-item questionnaire called the 'LFME Survey (Student Version)' was created, and all first-year medical students completed it online...
May 2016: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27107965/out-of-the-classroom-and-into-the-community-medical-students-consolidate-learning-about-health-literacy-through-collaboration-with-head-start
#13
Emily Milford, Kristin Morrison, Carol Teutsch, Bergen B Nelson, Ariella Herman, Mernell King, Nathan Beucke
BACKGROUND: Medical schools need to teach future physicians about health literacy and patient-doctor communication, especially when working with vulnerable communities, but many fall short. In this article, we present a community-based, service learning experience over one academic year during the pre-clerkship portion of medical school as an innovative and successful model for medical students to learn about health literacy and practice effective communication strategies. "Eat Healthy, Stay Active!" (EHSA) is a 5-month pediatric obesity intervention designed for Head Start children, their parent (s), and staff...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27103950/a-pilot-feasibility-study-of-a-peer-led-mindfulness-program-for-medical-students
#14
Marlon Danilewitz, Jacques Bradwejn, Diana Koszycki
BACKGROUND: Mindfulness meditation has gained momentum in medical circles for bolstering wellbeing and other facets of professionalism. This study evaluated the feasibility and benefits of a peer-led mindfulness meditation program (MMP) on medical student wellness and professionalism. METHOD: Pre-clerkship students were recruited and randomized to the 8-week MMP or wait-list. Feasibility outcomes included ease of recruitment, program attendance and homework compliance...
2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27072468/innovative-pre-clerkship-clinical-experience-clinex
#15
William Kelly, Brian Neubauer, Brian Hemann, Jeffrey LaRochelle, J Timothy O'Neill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950912/the-one-minute-learner-evaluation-of-a-new-tool-to-promote-discussion-of-medical-student-goals-and-expectations-in-clinical-learning-environments
#16
Miriam Hoffman, Molly Cohen-Osher
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The transition from pre-clerkship to clerkship curriculum in medical school presents many challenges to students. Student roles and supervising physicians' expectations vary widely. Efforts to ease this transition have included third-year orientations, skills sessions, field- specific training, and peer-to-peer communication/support. We developed a new tool, called The One Minute Learner (OML), to promote and structure discussion of student goals and expectations and empower student ownership of learning...
March 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26950666/long-term-effects-of-a-health-literacy-curriculum-for-medical-students
#17
Clifford A Coleman, Sylvia Peterson-Perry, Tracy Bumsted
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there are reports of short-term benefits of health literacy curricula for improving health care professionals' communication with patients, no studies have included long-term follow-up. We sought to determine (1) whether a pre-clerkship health literacy training can improve medical students' perceived knowledge and intended behaviors vis-á-vis communication with patients who have low health literacy, (2) the longevity of any such impact at 12 months, and (3) the impact of a follow-up training 1 year later...
January 2016: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918209/medical-school-hotline-liaison-committee-on-medical-education-accreditation-part-iv-pre-clerkship-education
#18
Sheri F T Fong, Damon H Sakai, Richard T Kasuya, Kenton Kramer, Vanessa S Wong, William Haning, Ivy Asano, Jane H Uyehara-Lock, Karen Thompson, Jill S M Omori, Shannon M Hirose-Wong, David T Horio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812999/students-goal-orientations-perceptions-of-early-clinical-experiences-and-learning-outcomes
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
H Carrie Chen, Olle ten Cate, Patricia O'Sullivan, Christy Boscardin, W Suzanne Eidson-Ton, Preetha Basaviah, Theresa Woehrle, Arianne Teherani
CONTEXT: Workplace learning is optimised when learners engage in the activities of the workplace; learner engagement is influenced by workplace affordances and learner agency. Learner agency can be operationalised through achievement goal theory, which explains that students can have different goal orientations as they enter learning situations: mastery (learn and improve), performance approach (demonstrate competence) or performance-avoid (avoid demonstrating incompetence). Mastery-orientated, compared with performance-orientated, students approach curricular experiences as opportunities for developing rather than demonstrating competence...
February 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26807049/evaluating-the-appropriateness-of-electronic-information-resources-for-learning
#20
Dinara Saparova, Nathanial S Nolan
OBJECTIVES: Current US medical students have begun to rely on electronic information repositories-such as UpToDate, AccessMedicine, and Wikipedia-for their pre-clerkship medical education. However, it is unclear whether these resources are appropriate for this level of learning due to factors involving information quality, level of evidence, and the requisite knowledgebase. This study evaluated appropriateness of electronic information resources from a novel perspective: amount of mental effort learners invest in interactions with these resources and effects of the experienced mental effort on learning...
January 2016: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
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