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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470607/the-relationship-between-patients-personality-traits-and-breast-reconstruction-process
#1
Sandra Faragó-Magrini, Cristina Aubá, Cristina Camargo, Carmen Laspra, Bernardo Hontanilla
BACKGROUND: Breast reconstruction after mastectomy is a part of breast cancer treatment. There is a lack of data regarding the impact of reconstruction over psychological traits and quality of life. The aim of this study is to evaluate personality changes in patients who underwent reconstructive surgery. METHODS: Thirty-seven women underwent breast reconstruction. These women took the Crown-Crisp Experiential Index before and after the different procedures. The questionnaire analyzes: (a) the satisfaction level with personal relationships before and after surgery, and the level of satisfaction with surgical results and (b) personality index...
February 22, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468978/comparing-effectiveness-of-a-combined-herbal-drug-based-on-echium-amoenum-with-citalopram-in-the-treatment-of-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Majid Anushiravani, Ali Akhondpour Manteghi, Ali Taghipur, Mahdi Eslami
BACKGROUND: According to new studies, only 60% of depressed patients respond to pharmaceutical treatment while suffering from their side effects. Natural products as adjuvant or alternative therapies should be examined to find safer and more effective ways to cope with depression. OBJECTIVE: Finding out the potential benefits of a combined herbal drug based on Echium amoenum compared with citalopram in the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. DESIGN AND SETTING: In psychiatry clinics of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, 50 patients who met the criteria for Major Depressive Disorder based on DSM-5 were studied in a parallel randomized controlled trial...
February 18, 2018: Current Drug Discovery Technologies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466531/association-of-increased-chronicity-of-depression-with-hiv-appointment-attendance-treatment-failure-and-mortality-among-hiv-infected-adults-in-the-united-states
#3
Brian W Pence, Jon C Mills, Angela M Bengtson, Bradley N Gaynes, Tiffany L Breger, Robert L Cook, Richard D Moore, David J Grelotti, Conall O'Cleirigh, Michael J Mugavero
Importance: Depression commonly affects adults with HIV and complicates the management of HIV. Depression among individuals with HIV tends to be chronic and cyclical, but the association of this chronicity with HIV outcomes (and the related potential for screening and intervention to shorten depressive episodes) has received little attention. Objective: To examine the association between increased chronicity of depression and multiple HIV care continuum indicators (HIV appointment attendance, treatment failure, and mortality)...
February 21, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466257/recurrent-cancer-is-associated-with-dissatisfaction-with-care-a-longitudinal-analysis-among-ovarian-and-endometrial-cancer-patients
#4
Belle H de Rooij, Habibe Ikiz, Dorry Boll, Johanna M A Pijnenborg, Brenda M Pijlman, Roy F P M Kruitwagen, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, M Caroline Vos, Nicole P M Ezendam
OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this study was to assess the longitudinal impact of a recurrence of gynecological cancer on satisfaction with information provision and care. The secondary aim was to assess the impact of a recurrence on illness perceptions, anxiety, and depression and health-related quality of life. METHODS: This study is a longitudinal analysis from the ROGY Care trial, conducted between 2011 and 2014, including patients with endometrial (n = 215) and ovarian (n = 149) cancer...
March 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465466/the-prevalence-of-unexplained-falls-and-syncope-in-older-adults-presenting-to-an-irish-urban-emergency-department
#5
Jaspreet Bhangu, Patricia Hall, Naomi Devaney, Kathleen Bennett, Laura Carroll, Rose-Anne Kenny, C Geraldine McMahon
AIM: There is growing evidence of an overlap between unexplained falls and syncope in older adults. Our aim was to examine the prevalence and associated resource utilization of these conditions in an urban emergency department (ED). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A single-centre, prospective, observational study was carried out over a 6-month period. Consecutive patients older than 50 years who presented to the ED because of a fall, collapse or syncope were included. Univariate analysis of demographic data is presented as percentages, mean (SD), 95% confidence intervals (CIs) and medians (interquartile range)...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the European Society for Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463457/clinical-trajectories-in-the-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-population
#6
Andrea Polari, Suzie Lavoie, Hok-Pan Yuen, Paul Amminger, Gregor Berger, Eric Chen, Lieuwe deHaan, Jessica Hartmann, Connie Markulev, Fritha Melville, Dorien Nieman, Merete Nordentoft, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Stefan Smesny, John Stratford, Swapna Verma, Alison Yung, Patrick McGorry, Barnaby Nelson
BACKGROUND: Traditionally, research in the ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis population has focused on the treatment of existing symptomatology and prevention of transition to psychosis. Recently, there has been an increase in focus on outcomes in individuals who do not transition to psychosis. However, there is a lack of standardised definitions of remission, recovery, recurrence and relapse in UHR, resulting in the inability to generalise and replicate outcomes. METHOD: The aims of the current study were to develop definitions for remission, recovery, recurrence and relapse, and apply them to a UHR cohort allowing the identification of longitudinal clinical trajectories...
February 18, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462159/factors-associated-with-occasional-and-recurrent-falls-in-mexican-community-dwelling-older-people
#7
Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Liliana Giraldo-Rodríguez, Juana Catalina Murillo-González, Dolores Mino-León, Esteban Cruz-Arenas
Falls are a frequent event among older adults that can cause wounds, disability, psychological disorders, and premature death. Although the large number of existing studies on the issue, few have been conducted in middle- and low-income countries. The objective of the present study is to identify the sociodemographic, medical, and functional performance factors associated with occasional and recurrent falls in Mexican older adults dwelling in community. Cross-sectional analysis of 9 598 adults ≥60 years old who participated in the fourth round (2015) of the Mexican Health and Aging Study...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460469/further-delineation-of-an-entity-caused-by-crebbp-and-ep300-mutations-but-not-resembling-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#8
Leonie A Menke, Thatjana Gardeitchik, Peter Hammond, Ketil R Heimdal, Gunnar Houge, Sophia B Hufnagel, Jianling Ji, Stefan Johansson, Sarina G Kant, Esther Kinning, Eyby L Leon, Ruth Newbury-Ecob, Stefano Paolacci, Rolph Pfundt, Nicola K Ragge, Tuula Rinne, Claudia Ruivenkamp, Sulagna C Saitta, Yu Sun, Marco Tartaglia, Paulien A Terhal, Anthony J van Essen, Magnus D Vigeland, Bing Xiao, Raoul C Hennekam
In 2016, we described that missense variants in parts of exons 30 and 31 of CREBBP can cause a phenotype that differs from Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RSTS). Here we report on another 11 patients with variants in this region of CREBBP (between bp 5,128 and 5,614) and two with variants in the homologous region of EP300. None of the patients show characteristics typical for RSTS. The variants were detected by exome sequencing using a panel for intellectual disability in all but one individual, in whom Sanger sequencing was performed upon clinical recognition of the entity...
February 20, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455442/in-search-of-executive-impairment-in-pathological-gambling-a-neuropsychological-study-on-non-treatment-seeking-gamblers
#9
Alexandros Kapsomenakis, Panagiotis G Simos, Georgios Konstantakopoulos, Dimitrios S Kasselimis
Pathological gambling is characterized by a persisting maladaptive and recurrent behavior with severe social and psychological consequences. There is evidence of strong comorbidity with psychiatric manifestations as well as cognitive mainly involving executive functions. This study aimed to investigate impairment in executive functions and working memory, and personality traits in a sample of Greek gamblers. Twenty-four men involved in various gambling activities were recruited from ecological settings as probable pathological gamblers...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454606/psychosocial-outcome-in-epilepsy-after-extratemporal-surgery
#10
Katrin Walther, Müjgan Dogan Onugoren, Michael Buchfelder, Stephanie Gollwitzer, Wolfgang Graf, Burkhard S Kasper, Peter Kriwy, Katrin Kurzbuch, Johannes Lang, Karl Rössler, Stefan Schwab, Michael Schwarz, Hermann Stefan, Hajo M Hamer
OBJECTIVE: Only limited data exist on psychosocial long-term outcome after epilepsy surgery in patients with extratemporal epilepsy. The aim of this study was to investigate psychosocial outcome after extratemporal epilepsy surgery and to assess factors predicting favorable outcome. METHOD: Sixty-five out of 104 eligible patients who had undergone extratemporal epilepsy surgery at our epilepsy center between 1990 and 2015 (mean age: 42.2. years; 75% of the resections in the frontal lobe) completed a questionnaire asking about seizure status, employment status, marital and living situation, driving status, depressive symptoms, and quality of life (QOL)...
February 14, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453208/parent-reported-prevalence-and-persistence-of-19-common-child-health-conditions
#11
Tracy Liu, Raghu Lingam, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Joshua Muller, Harriet Hiscock, Md Hamidul Huque, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14-15 years. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0-1 and 4-5 years to 10-11 and 14-15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447051/targeting-crosstalk-between-nuclear-factor-erythroid-derived-2-like-2-and-nuclear-factor-kappa-beta-pathway-by-nrf2-activator-dimethyl-fumarate-in-epileptogenesis
#12
Neha Singh, Sheekha Vijayanti, Lekha Saha
Epilepsy is a complex, chronic neurological disorder characterized by increased and abnormal synchronization of neuronal electrical activity, which is manifested as seizures. It is associated with many comorbid conditions such as depression, anxiety, sleep disorder, psychiatric disorder etc. which consequently causes higher mortality rate. The understanding of its cellular and molecular mechanism is partial, because of which it remains an ongoing health problem, despite the increasing availability of newer antiepileptic drugs...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442558/progression-of-convulsive-and-nonconvulsive-seizures-during-epileptogenesis-after-pilocarpine-induced-status-epilepticus
#13
Zachariah Z Smith, Alexander M Benison, Florencia M Bercum, F Edward Dudek, Daniel S Barth
Although convulsive seizures occurring during pilocarpine-induced epileptogenesis have received considerable attention, nonconvulsive seizures have not been closely examined, even though they may reflect the earliest signs of epileptogenesis and potentially guide research on antiepileptogenic interventions. The definition of nonconvulsive seizures based on brain electrical activity alone has been controversial. Here, we define and quantify electrographic properties of convulsive and nonconvulsive seizures in the context of the acquired epileptogenesis that occurs after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE)...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432568/cellulite-a-surgical-treatment-approach
#14
Carlos Oscar Uebel, Pedro Salomao Piccinini, Alessandra Martinelli, Daniela Feijó Aguiar, Renato Franz Matta Ramos
Background: Cellulite is one of the most common skin and subcutaneous tissue conditions, affecting predominantly the thighs and hips in post-adolescent women. Its etiology is not well defined, and multiple available treatments show variable efficacy. Objective: To describe a technique for treatment of cellulite of the gluteal region, thighs, and hips through superficial liposuction utilizing a special cannula, combined with subcutaneous autologous fat grafting. Methods: A retrospective review was performed of patients treated over 26 years at the Hospital São Lucas, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil...
February 8, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432506/eating-habits-and-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-affective-disorders-and-schizophrenia
#15
Ewa Stefańska, Magdalena Lech, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess the nutritional value of the food intake in the group of men and women suffering from recurrent affective disorders and schizophrenia, and also to determine the relation between selected nutritional parameters with anthropometric indices defining the nutritional status of the subjects. METHODS: 219 persons participated in the study (61 patients with recurrent depressive disorders, 60 patients with schizophrenia and 98 healthy volunteers)...
December 30, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431910/lipomatoses
#16
Philipp Al Ghazal, Lisa-Lena Grönemeyer, Michael P Schön
Lipomatoses are benign proliferations of adipose tissue, often with typical distribution patterns, which usually occur without clear causes. In contrast to circumscribed lipomas, they develop diffusely and symmetrically and are not surrounded by a fibrous pseudocapsule. The most common form is benign symmetric lipomatosis (BSL; Launois-Bensaude syndrome), of which four types are distinguished based on the distribution pattern of hyperplastic adipose tissue. The etiology and pathogenesis of the disease are still largely unknown, although some forms appear to have a hereditary basis or to be associated with increased alcohol consumption...
February 12, 2018: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428124/bipolar-disorder-and-heart-transplantation-a-case-report
#17
Ana María Ramírez-Giraldo, Diana Restrepo
INTRODUCTION: Bipolar disorder is a chronic and recurrent mood disease that includes symptoms that fluctuate from euphoria to depression. As a mood disorder, itis one of the main contraindications for transplantation procedures. The case is presented of a patient with bipolar disorder who had a heart transplant after a cardiac arrest. Heart transplantation is the treatment of choice in patients with heart failure and arrhythmias that do not respond to conventional treatment. METHODS: Case report and narrative review of literature...
January 2018: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426606/symptomatic-and-functional-recovery-from-major-depressive-disorder-in-the-ibadan-study-of-ageing
#18
Akin Ojagbemi, Taiwo Abiona, Zhehui Luo, Oye Gureje
OBJECTIVES: Very little is known about the association between symptomatic and functional recovery from late-life major depressive disorder (MDD) in sub-Saharan Africa. We investigated factors associated with sustained symptomatic remission (SR) from MDD and the 5-year trajectory of post-MDD physical functioning. DESIGN: 5-year prospective study with three follow-up waves in 2007, 2008, and 2009. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Household multistage probability sample of 2,149 Nigerians who were aged 65 years or older...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421266/neural-correlates-of-working-memory-in-first-episode-and-recurrent-depression-an-fmri-study
#19
Dilara Yüksel, Bruno Dietsche, Carsten Konrad, Udo Dannlowski, Tilo Kircher, Axel Krug
BACKGROUND: Patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD) show deficits in working memory (WM) performance accompanied by bilateral fronto-parietal signal changes. It is unclear whether patients with a first depressive episode (FDE) exhibit the same BOLD signal changes as patients with recurrent depressive episodes (RDE). METHODS: We investigated seventy-four MDD inpatients (48 RDE, 26 FDE) and 74 healthy control (HC) subjects performing an n-back WM task (0-back, 2-back, 3-back condition) in a 3T-fMRI...
February 5, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417228/comparison-of-long-term-clinical-outcomes-between-endoscopic-and-surgical-resection-for-early-stage-adenocarcinoma-of-the-esophagogastric-junction
#20
Hyun Ju Kim, Hyunsoo Chung, Sung Kwan Shin, Hyoung-Il Kim, Jun Chul Park, Sang Kil Lee, Woo Jin Hyung, Yong Chan Lee, Sung Hoon Noh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to analyze long-term clinical and oncologic outcomes in patients with early-stage adenocarcinoma of the esophagogastric junction (AEG) managed with either endoscopic resection (ER) or surgery. METHODS: The inclusion criteria were AEG, meeting classic or expanded indications for ER of early gastric cancer, and complete resection. A total of 66 patients with Siewert type II AEG were included (ER group, n = 38; vs. surgery group, n = 28)...
February 7, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
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