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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214764/recurrent-falls-and-its-risk-factors-among-older-men-living-in-the-veterans-retirement-communities-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Cheng-Hao Hung, Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Liang-Yu Chen, Li-Ning Peng, Fei-Yuan Hsiao, Liang-Kung Chen
AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of recurrent falls and their risk factors among older men living in the Veterans Homes in Taiwan. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 871 residents and all participants received the comprehensive geriatric assessment, including Barthel Index, Mini-Mental Status Examination (MMSE), Geriatric Depression Scale-5 questions (GDS-5), Mini-Nutrition Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF), the status of urinary incontinence, stool incontinence, polypharmacy, past history of falls, multimorbidity, and medication history...
February 4, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213122/improvement-of-mindfulness-skills-during-mindfulness-based-cognitive-therapy-predicts-long-term-reductions-of-neuroticism-in-persons-with-recurrent-depression-in-remission
#2
Philip Spinhoven, Marloes J Huijbers, Johan Ormel, Anne E M Speckens
BACKGROUND: This study examined whether changes in mindfulness skills following Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) are predictive of long-term changes in personality traits. METHODS: Using data from the MOMENT study, we included 278 participants with recurrent depression in remission allocated to Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). Mindfulness skills were measured with the FFMQ at baseline, after treatment and at 15-month follow-up and personality traits with the NEO-PI-R at baseline and follow-up...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213121/determination-of-a-clinically-important-difference-and-definition-of-a-responder-threshold-for-the-ucsd-performance-based-skills-assessment-upsa-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#3
Philip D Harvey, William Jacobson, Wei Zhong, George G Nomikos, Christina Kurre Olsen, Elizabeth Merikle, Michael Cronquist Christensen
BACKGROUND: This article reports an evaluation of the psychometric properties and clinically important difference (CID) threshold of the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA) in major depressive disorder (MDD), using data from a large-scale study of the effects of vortioxetine on cognitive functioning and functional capacity in MDD patients. METHODS: Adults with moderate-to-severe recurrent MDD and self-reported cognitive dysfunction were randomized to 8 weeks of double-blind treatment with vortioxetine 10/20mg QD (flexible), duloxetine 60mg QD, or placebo...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211553/the-assessment-of-schizotypy-by-the-o-life-oxford-liverpool-inventory-for-feelings-and-experiences-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-affective-disorders
#4
Daria Dembińska-Krajewska, Janusz Rybakowski
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess schizotypy by using the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of Feelings and Experiences (O-LIFE), in the groups of patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder (BD) and unipolar (recurrent) depression (UD). An important element of the study was to compare - in terms of similarity - the results obtained in schizophrenia and BD, and - in terms of differences - the results obtained in BD and UD. METHODS: The study involved 58 patients with schizophrenia (35 men, 23 women, mean age = 34...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211551/eating-habits-and-the-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-in-patients-with-recurrent-depressive-disorders
#5
Ewa Stefańska, Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Urszula Cwalina, Beata Konarzewska, Napoleon Waszkiewicz, Lucyna Ostrowska
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the research was to assess the fatty acid content and atherogenicity of daily food rations in patients with recurrent depressive disorders in the aspect of risk of developing cardiovascular disease. METHODS: The study included 126 persons (62 persons with diagnosed recurrent depressive disorders and 64 healthy volunteers). A 24-hour recall was used in the quantitative assessment of the diet. Anthropometric and chemical measurements as well as body composition analysis were used to assess the nutritional status...
December 23, 2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211091/friendship-depression-and-suicide-attempts-in-adults-exploratory-analysis-of-a-longitudinal-follow-up-study
#6
Julia E Marver, Hanga C Galfalvy, Ainsley K Burke, M Elizabeth Sublette, Maria A Oquendo, J John Mann, Michael F Grunebaum
Social support is thought to protect against the risk of suicidal behavior in young people and late life, but less is known about the role of friendship in adults. We explored the effect of friendship on suicide attempt risk during 1-year follow-up of 132 adults presenting with major depressive episode (MDE). Items from the Social Adjustment Scale-Self-Report were used as an index of frequency and quality of recent friendship contacts. Survival methods tested associations of friendship with risk of suicide attempt, recurrent MDE, and related outcomes during follow-up...
February 17, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207753/analysis-of-diagnoses-extracted-from-electronic-health-records-in-a-large-mental-health-case-register
#7
Yevgeniya Kovalchuk, Robert Stewart, Matthew Broadbent, Tim J P Hubbard, Richard J B Dobson
The UK government has recently recognised the need to improve mental health services in the country. Electronic health records provide a rich source of patient data which could help policymakers to better understand needs of the service users. The main objective of this study is to unveil statistics of diagnoses recorded in the Case Register of the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, one of the largest mental health providers in the UK and Europe serving a source population of over 1.2 million people residing in south London...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203201/modulation-of-synaptic-plasticity-in-the-cortex-needs-to-understand-all-the-players
#8
REVIEW
Claire N J Meunier, Pascal Chameau, Philippe M Fossier
The prefrontal cortex (PFC) is involved in cognitive tasks such as working memory, decision making, risk assessment and regulation of attention. These functions performed by the PFC are supposed to rely on rhythmic electrical activity generated by neuronal network oscillations determined by a precise balance between excitation and inhibition balance (E/I balance) resulting from the coordinated activities of recurrent excitation and feedback and feedforward inhibition. Functional alterations in PFC functions have been associated with cognitive deficits in several pathologies such as major depression, anxiety and schizophrenia...
2017: Frontiers in Synaptic Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197859/imaging-the-up-s-and-down-s-of-emotion-regulation-in-lifetime-depression
#9
Sina Radke, Felix Hoffstaedter, Leonie Löffler, Lydia Kogler, Frank Schneider, Jens Blechert, Birgit Derntl
Reappraisal is a particularly effective strategy for influencing emotional experiences, specifically for reducing the impact of negative stimuli. Although depression has repeatedly been linked to dysfunctional behavioral and neural emotion regulation, prefrontal and amygdala engagement seems to vary with clinical characteristics and the specific regulation strategy used. Whereas previous neuroimaging research has focused on down-regulating reactions to emotionally evocative scenes, the current study compared up- and down-regulation in response to angry facial expressions in patients with depression and healthy individuals...
February 14, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195501/psychological-mediators-related-to-clinical-outcome-in-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-coronary-heart-disease-a-sub-analysis-from-the-suprim-trial
#10
Fredrika Norlund, Erik Mg Olsson, Ronnie Pingel, Claes Held, Kurt Svärdsudd, Mats Gulliksson, Gunilla Burell
Background The Secondary Prevention in Uppsala Primary Healthcare Project (SUPRIM) was a randomized controlled trial of a group-based cognitive behavioural therapy stress management programme for patients with coronary heart disease. The project was successful in reducing the risk of fatal or non-fatal first recurrent cardiovascular events. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of cognitive behavioural therapy on self-rated stress, somatic anxiety, vital exhaustion and depression and to study the associations of these factors with the reduction in cardiovascular events...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193311/voluntary-and-involuntary-imagery-in-social-anxiety
#11
Sophie R Homer, Catherine Deeprose
BACKGROUND: Negative mental imagery is ubiquitous in cognitive models of social anxiety and in the social anxiety literature. Previous research has shown that it is causal of increased anxiety, lower social performance ratings and lower implicit self-esteem. Despite its prevalence, few studies have investigated this imagery directly. AIMS: This study aimed to provide an in-depth analysis of the phenomenology of negative imagery experienced by socially anxious individuals, and to compare recurrent and intrusive images with images deliberately generated by participants during the study...
February 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191605/integrating-palliative-care-into-routine-care-of-patients-with-heart-failure-models-for-clinical-collaboration
#12
REVIEW
Warren H Lewin, Kristen G Schaefer
Heart failure (HF) affects nearly 5.7 million Americans and is described as a chronic incurable illness carrying a poor prognosis. Patients living with HF experience significant symptoms including dyspnea, pain, anxiety, fatigue, and depression. As the illness advances into later stages, symptoms become more intense and refractory to standard treatments, leading to recurrent acute-care utilization and contributing to poor quality of life. Advanced HF symptoms have been described to be as burdensome, if not more than, those in cancer populations...
February 13, 2017: Heart Failure Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187293/assessing-the-contributions-of-childhood-maltreatment-subtypes-and-depression-case-control-status-on-telomere-length-reveals-a-specific-role-of-physical-neglect
#13
John Vincent, Iiris Hovatta, Souci Frissa, Laura Goodwin, Matthew Hotopf, Stephani L Hatch, Gerome Breen, Timothy R Powell
BACKGROUND: Studies have provided evidence that both childhood maltreatment and depressive disorders are associated with shortened telomere lengths. However, as childhood maltreatment is a risk factor for depression, it remains unclear whether this may be driving shortened telomere lengths observed amongst depressed patients. Furthermore, it's unclear if the effects of maltreatment on telomere length shortening are more pervasive amongst depressed patients relative to controls, and consequently whether biological ageing may contribute to depression's pathophysiology...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183297/the-relationship-between-pain-with-walking-and-self-rated-health-12%C3%A2-months-following-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Maren Falch Lindberg, Tone Rustøen, Christine Miaskowski, Leiv Arne Rosseland, Anners Lerdal
BACKGROUND: A subgroup of patients continue to report pain with walking 12 months after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The association between walking pain and self-rated health (SRH) after TKA is not known. This prospective longitudinal study aimed to investigate the association between a comprehensive list of preoperative factors, postoperative pain with walking, and SRH 12 months after TKA. METHODS: Patients (N = 156) scheduled for TKA completed questionnaires that evaluated demographic and clinical characteristics, symptoms, psychological factors, and SRH...
February 10, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183076/meta-analysis-of-the-risk-of-subsequent-mood-episodes-in-bipolar-disorder
#15
Joaquim Radua, Heinz Grunze, Benedikt L Amann
BACKGROUND: Reported relapse and recurrence rates in bipolar disorder (BD) differ significantly between studies. Most data originate from highly selective patients participating in sponsored randomized controlled trials with narrow inclusion criteria. To estimate the true risk of a subsequent mood episode (SME) under real-world conditions, we conducted a meta-analysis of rates of SME as reported in naturalistic BD studies. METHODS: PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, and Web of Knowledge were searched until July 2015...
February 10, 2017: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183073/melkersson-rosenthal-syndrome-a-case-report-with-a-psychosomatic-perspective
#16
Patrick Alves, Orlando von Doellinger, Maria Luísa Quintela, Aníbal Fonte, Rui Coelho
Context • The Melkersson-Rosenthal syndrome (MRS) is a rare condition characterized by a triad of symptoms: (1) recurrent and/or persistent orofacial swelling, (2) recurrent facial paralysis, and (3) a fissured tongue. Although various contributing factors have been suggested, the etiology and mechanisms of the syndrome have not been fully elucidated. Objective • The aim of the current study was to examine for the first time some psychosomatic aspects of the syndrome and to evaluate the benefits of a brief psychotherapeutic process in which the research team worked to reintegrate the complex bio-psycho-social functioning of the patient...
January 2017: Advances in Mind-body Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181875/on-the-dynamical-interplay-of-positive-and-negative-affects
#17
Jonathan Touboul, Alberto Romagnoni, Robert Schwartz
Emotional disorders and psychological flourishing are the result of complex interactions between positive and negative affects that depend on external events and the subject's internal representations. Based on psychological data, we mathematically model the dynamical balance between positive and negative affects as a function of the response to external positive and negative events. This modeling allows the investigation of the relative impact of two leading forms of therapy on affect balance. The model uses a delay differential equation to analytically study the bifurcation diagram of the system...
February 9, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181702/cerebrovascular-burden-and-depressive-symptomatology-interrelate-over-18%C3%A2-years-support-for-the-vascular-depression-hypothesis
#18
Rosanna Scott, Daniel Paulson
OBJECTIVE: Potentially incongruent research literatures suggest three divergent hypotheses about depressive symptomatology: (1) symptoms are recurrent; (2) later-life depression results from high cerebrovascular burden (CVB); and (3) depressive symptoms contribute to comorbidities causing vascular burden. Past vascular depression research assumes that later-life depressive symptoms relate uniquely to high CVB and not to prior, recurrent depression. This study examines these divergent hypotheses...
February 9, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181675/a-placebo-controlled-double-blinded-randomized-pilot-study-of-combination-phytotherapy-in-biochemically-recurrent-prostate-cancer
#19
M Diana van Die, Scott G Williams, Jon Emery, Kerry M Bone, Jeremy M G Taylor, Elizabeth Lusk, Marie V Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Men with biochemical recurrence of prostate cancer following local therapies often use natural supplements in an attempt to delay metastases and/or avoid the need for more aggressive treatments with undesirable side-effects. While there is a growing body of research into phytotherapeutic agents in this cohort, with some promising results, as yet no definitive recommendations can be made. This pilot study was undertaken to assess the feasibility of a fully-powered study to examine the effects of this phytotherapeutic intervention (containing turmeric, resveratrol, green tea and broccoli sprouts) on PSA doubling time in men with biochemical recurrence with a moderate PSA rise rate...
February 9, 2017: Prostate
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179129/cooccurrence-and-bidirectional-prediction-of-sleep-disturbances-and-depression-in-older-adults-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Yan-Ping Bao, Ying Han, Jun Ma, Ru-Jia Wang, Le Shi, Tong-Yu Wang, Jia He, Jing-Li Yue, Jie Shi, Xiang-Dong Tang, Lin Lu
The present study pooled the prevalence of sleep disturbances and depression in community-dwelling older adults (mean age≥60years) and quantified the strength of evidence of the relationship between these two problems. From 23 cross-sectional studies and five sets of baseline data, a high pooled prevalence of sleep disturbances (30.5%), depressive symptoms (18.1%) and coexisting disorders (10.6%) were found. In the 23 cohort studies, self-reported sleep disturbances increased the risk of the onset of depression (relative risk [RR]=1...
February 5, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
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