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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789083/low-baseline-sympathetic-tone-correlates-to-a-greater-blood-pressure-change-in-the-cold-pressor-test
#1
Marylen Youssef, Azadeh Ghassemi, Catalina Marysol Carvajal Gonczi, Thiffya Arabi Kugathasan, Robert D Kilgour, Peter J Darlington
BACKGROUND: The cold pressor test (CPT) involves acute hand or foot exposure to cold water. CPT hyper-responders have unique traits, including risk of hypertension and a greater vasoconstrictor reserve and g force tolerance compared to hypo-responders. The purpose of this study was to uncover differences in cardiovascular and sympathetic biomarkers between responder types. METHODS: Healthy volunteers (N = 30) submerged one hand into cold water (3.3 ± 0.8°C) for 5 min...
June 1, 2018: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784698/aspects-of-multicomponent-integrated-care-promote-sustained-improvement-in-surrogate-clinical-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
Lee Ling Lim, Eric S H Lau, Alice P S Kong, Melanie J Davies, Naomi S Levitt, Björn Eliasson, Carlos A Aguilar-Salinas, Guang Ning, Yutaka Seino, Wing Yee So, Margaret McGill, Graham D Ogle, Trevor J Orchard, Philip Clarke, Rury R Holman, Edward W Gregg, Juan José Gagliardino, Juliana C N Chan
OBJECTIVE: The implementation of the Chronic Care Model (CCM) improves health care quality. We examined the sustained effectiveness of multicomponent integrated care in type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We searched PubMed and Ovid MEDLINE (January 2000-August 2016) and identified randomized controlled trials comprising two or more quality improvement strategies from two or more domains (health system, health care providers, or patients) lasting ≥12 months with one or more clinical outcomes...
June 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784125/catheter-directed-thrombolysis-for-pulmonary-embolism-the-state-of-practice
#3
Xi Xue, Akhilesh K Sista
Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a major public health problem. It is the third most common cause of death in hospitalized patients. In the United States, there are up to 600,000 cases diagnosed per year with 100,000-180,000 acute PE-related deaths. Common risk factors include underlying genetic conditions, acquired conditions, and acquired hypercoagulable states. Acute PE increases the pulmonary vascular resistance and the load on the right ventricle (RV). Increased RV loading causes compensatory RV dilation, impaired contractility, tachycardia, and sympathetic activation...
June 2018: Techniques in Vascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779782/the-association-of-neck-circumference-with-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-and-its-components-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
N Namazi, B Larijani, P J Surkan, L Azadbakht
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several prior studies suggested that neck circumference (NC) is a reliable diagnostic tool for risk of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its features. However, not all studies support this view. Therefore, we aimed to perform a meta-analysis to summarize the association between NC with MetS and its components in adult populations. METHODS AND RESULTS: PubMed/Medline, Web of Knowledge, and Scopus electronic databases were searched until May 31, 2017 to find relevant English-language papers...
March 21, 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776647/-effect-of-green-alga-ulva-lactuca-polysaccharides-supplementation-on-blood-pressure-and-on-atherogenic-risk-factors-in-rats-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#5
Z I Tair, F Bensalah, F Boukortt
AIM OF THE STUDY: To highlight the benefits of green alga Ulva lactuca polysaccharides supplementation on blood pressure and atherogenic risk factors in rats fed a high fat diet. METHODS: Wistar male rats were fed a high fat diet (30% sheep fat) for 3 months. At an average body weight (BW) of 360g, the rats (n=18) were divided into 3 groups and consumed, for 28 days, either a high fat diet (HFD) or a high fat diet enriched with 1% of whole green algae (WGA) powder or with 1% of its polysaccharides (PLS)...
May 15, 2018: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774373/cardiovascular-system-changes-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-with-continued-low-disease-activity
#6
Małgorzata Biskup, Wojciech Biskup, Maria Majdan, Bożena Targońska-Stępniak
Systemic inflammation and disease activity seem to contribute to excessive prevalence of cardiovascular (CV) diseases (CVDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The objective of the study was to assess chosen CV parameters in RA patients who have continuous low disease activity. The study group consisted of 70 RA patients without known CVD and 33 healthy controls, of a comparable age. All RA patients had continued low disease activity (DAS28 ≤ 3.2) from 2 to 7 years. The groups were assessed for: blood pressure, serum amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), carotid intima media thickness (cIMT), electrocardiography (ECG), ejection fraction (EJ) and diastolic dysfunction (E/A ratio) in echocardiography...
May 17, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770745/2706-km-cycling-in-two-weeks-effects-on-cardiac-function-in-six-elderly-male-athletes
#7
Thomas Morville, Mads Rosenkilde, Nick Mattsson, Flemming Dela, Jørn W Helge, Hanne K Rasmusen
INTRODUCTION: Physiological effects of exercise on trained and untrained individuals have been studied extensively. Typically, young or middle-aged individuals are examined before and after short periods of vigorous exertion. METHODS: We studied six elderly male athletes (61±8 years (mean ± SD); baseline VO2 max 48±5 ml·kg-1 · min-1 ) with focus on cardiac function and biomarkers following 14 consecutive days of moderate intensity exercise. Cardiac dimensions, function, biomarkers, and other measures of cardiovascular health were examined at baseline and 2 and 28 h after the last day of cycling a total of 2706 km...
May 17, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770358/association-of-central-obesity-with-sex-hormonebinding-globulin-a-cross-sectional-study-of-1166-chinese-men
#8
Fangwei Liu, Xubo Shen, Ruifeng Wang, Na Yu, Yongjun Shi, Shimin Xiong, Chengliang Xiong, Yuanzhong Zhou
Background Both sex hormone-binding globulin and central obesity have been found to be associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases. However, the direct relation between sex hormone-binding globulin and central obesity has not been demonstrated. Methodology We performed a cross-sectional study of 1166 male participants from Zunyi, Guizhou, western China, in 2013. Each participant completed a questionnaire and had a brief clinical exam with a fasting blood sample taken. All blood samples underwent standard laboratory testing for sex hormone-binding globulin...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768597/anthropometric-changes-and-their-effects-on-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-rural-populations-in-brazil
#9
Tatiane Géa-Horta, Mark Anthony Beinner, Andrea Gazzinelli, Mariana Santos Felisbino Mendes, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
This article aims to evaluate associations between anthropometric changes in five years with lipid and blood pressure levels in Brazilian rural population. This longitudinal study evaluated 387 individuals aged 18 to 75 residents of two rural communities. Demographic, lifestyle, anthropometric, biochemical and hemodynamic characteristics were assessed in 2004 and repeated in 2009. Multivariate linear regression was used. Positive change in BMI was associated with increased diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (β = 0...
May 2018: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768511/12-year-trends-in-cardiovascular-risk-factors-2002-2005-through-2011-2014-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-diseases-tehran-lipid-and-glucose-study
#10
SeyedHossein Rabani, Mahsa Sardarinia, Samaneh Akbarpour, Fereidoun Azizi, Davood Khalili, Farzad Hadaegh
BACKGROUND: To examine the trend of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) risk factors among a Middle Eastern population with prevalent CVD during a median follow up of 12 years. METHODS: Patients with prevalent CVD (n = 282, men = 167), with a mean age of 60.76 years were evaluated in four study phases of the TLGS (Tehran lipid glucose study), 2002-2005, 2005-2008, 2008-2011, and 2011-2014. Trends of CVD risk factors were estimated using generalized estimation equation (GEE) models, by adjusting for gender, age and propensity scores...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766490/emotional-hyper-reactivity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-in-remitted-bipolar-patients-a-machine-learning-approach
#11
A A Dargél, F Roussel, S Volant, B Etain, R Grant, J-M Azorin, K M'Bailara, F Bellivier, T Bougerol, J-P Kahn, P Roux, V Aubin, P Courtet, M Leboyer, F Kapczinski, C Henry
OBJECTIVE: Remitted bipolar disorder (BD) patients frequently present with chronic mood instability and emotional hyper-reactivity, associated with poor psychosocial functioning and low-grade inflammation. We investigated emotional hyper-reactivity as a dimension for characterization of remitted BD patients, and clinical and biological factors for identifying those with and without emotional hyper-reactivity. METHOD: A total of 635 adult remitted BD patients, evaluated in the French Network of Bipolar Expert Centers from 2010-2015, were assessed for emotional reactivity using the Multidimensional Assessment of Thymic States...
May 15, 2018: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766465/effects-of-fenoldopam-on-renal-blood-flow-in-hypertensive-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
Valentina Rovella, Michele Ferrannini, Manfredi Tesauro, Giulia Marrone, Andrea Busca, Roberto Sorge, Simone Manca di Villahermosa, Maurizio Casasco, Nicola Di Daniele, Annalisa Noce
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The synthetic drug fenoldopam mesylate (FM) may have a renoprotective role, and a "renal dose" of 0.1 µg/kg/min intravenous (IV) infusion of FM has been reported as able to increase renal blood flow without affecting systemic blood pressure. But conclusive data are still lacking. We aimed to investigate by color-Doppler ultrasonography the effects of IV administration of FM at this dosage in hypertensive chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients, and verify whether it may induce any systemic hemodynamic alteration...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761310/characteristics-of-patients-with-a-relatively-greater-minimum-ve-vco-2-against-peak-vo-2-and-impaired-exercise-tolerance
#13
Taisuke Nakade, Hitoshi Adachi, Makoto Murata, Shigeru Oshima
PURPOSE: Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is used to evaluate functional capacity and assess prognosis in cardiac patients. Ventilatory efficiency (VE/VCO2 ) reflects ventilation-perfusion mismatch; the minimum VE/VCO2 value (minVE/VCO2 ) is representative of pulmonary arterial blood flow in individuals without pulmonary disease. Usually, minVE/VCO2 has a strong relationship with the peak oxygen uptake (VO2 ), but dissociation can occur. Therefore, we investigated the relationship between minVE/VCO2 and predicted peak VO2 (peak VO2 %) and evaluated the parameters associated with a discrepancy between these two parameters...
May 14, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760461/arterial-stiffness-not-systolic-blood-pressure-increases-with-age-in-native-papuan-populations
#14
Akio Ishida, Michiko Fujisawa, Eva Garcia Del Saz, Kiyohito Okumiya, Yumi Kimura, Indrajaya Ida Bagus Manuaba, Marthen Ferry Kareth, Andreas Lallo Rantetampang, Yusuke Ohya, Kozo Matsubayashi
Systolic blood pressure (SBP) and arterial stiffness are closely related and may behave reciprocally as cause or effect, interacting in a vicious cycle. Both SBP and arterial stiffness increase with age in populations in most developed countries. However, the age-related increase in SBP appears to be absent in indigenous populations, partially because of their lifelong low-sodium and high-potassium diets, whereas age-related arterial stiffening in these populations remains to be determined. We performed a field survey of the indigenous population of Soroba, a small village located in the central highlands of Papua, Indonesia...
May 14, 2018: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759108/a-western-dietary-pattern-is-prospectively-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#15
Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Peter Wallström, Marju Orho-Melander
The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns associated with cardio-metabolic traits and to examine whether these predict prospective changes in these traits and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (iMetS). Subjects from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort without cardio-metabolic disease and related drug treatments at baseline (n 4071; aged 45-67 years, 40 % men) were included. We applied reduced rank regression on thirty-eight foods to derive patterns that explain variation in response variables measured at baseline (waist circumference, TAG, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756966/-may-pregestational-body-mass-index-be-related-to-mother-s-psychological-and-physical-condition-during-pregnancy
#16
Borja Romero-González, Rafael Arcangel Caparrós-González, Helen Strivens Vilchez, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
INTRODUCTION: pregestational Body Mass Index (BMI) affects mother's health during and after pregnancy and is related to negative outcomes such as low birth weight and preterm birth. Higher pregestational BMI may increase anxiety, stress and depression. OBJECTIVES: to assess potential differences on stress, psychopathological symptoms and physiological variables during pregnancy, among pregnant women with normal pregestational BMI rates and high pregestational BMI rates...
March 1, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755228/effect-of-1-week-yoga-based-residential-program-on-cardiovascular-variables-of-hypertensive-patients-a-comparative-study
#17
Kashinath G Metri, Balaram Pradhan, Amit Singh, H R Nagendra
Introduction: Hypertension (HTN) is an important public health concern and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Yoga is a form of mind-body medicine shown to be effective in controlling blood pressure (BP) and reduces cardiac risk factors in HTN. Integrated approach of Yoga therapy (IAYT) is a residential yoga-based lifestyle intervention proven to be beneficial in several health conditions. Aim: To study the efficacy of 1 week of residential IAYT intervention on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients...
May 2018: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754649/telemedicine-cardiovascular-risk-reduction-in-veterans-the-cities-trial
#18
Hayden B Bosworth, Maren K Olsen, Felicia McCant, Karen M Stechuchak, Susanne Danus, Matthew J Crowley, Karen M Goldstein, Leah L Zullig, Eugene Z Oddone
BACKGROUND: Comprehensive programs addressing tailored patient self-management and pharmacotherapy may reduce barriers to cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction. METHODS: This is a 2-arm (clinical pharmacist specialist-delivered, telehealth intervention and education control) randomized controlled trial including Veterans with poorly controlled hypertension and/or hypercholesterolemia. Primary outcome was Framingham CVD risk score at 6 and 12 months, with systolic blood pressure; diastolic blood pressure; total cholesterol; low-density lipoprotein; high-density lipoprotein; body mass index; and, for those with diabetes, HbA1c as secondary outcomes...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751781/full-normalization-of-severe-hypertension-after-parathryoidectomy-a-case-report-and-systematic-review
#19
Andreea Corina Sofronie, Isabelle Kooij, Claude Bursot, Giulia Santagati, Jean-Philippe Coindre, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship between hyperparathyroidism and hypertension has been described for decades, the role of hyperparathyroidism in hypertension in dialysis is still unclear. Following the case of a severely hypertensive dialysis patient, in which parathyroidectomy (PTX) corrected the metabolic imbalance and normalized blood pressure (BP), we tried to contextualize our observation with a systematic review of the recent literature on the effect of PTX on BP. CASE PRESENTATION: A dialysis patient, aged 19 years at the time of this report, with chronic kidney disease (CKD) from childhood; he was an early-preterm baby with very low birth weight (910 g), and is affected by a so-far unidentified familial nephropathy...
May 11, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751056/sex-and-trait-anxiety-differences-in-psychological-stress-are-modified-by-environment
#20
James Liu, John Scira, Simone Donaldson, Nina Kajiji, Gordon H Dash, S Tiffany Donaldson
Evidence-based research has revealed how physiological and emotional responses to acute stress are adaptive. However, under conditions of unpredictable or protracted stress, health and drug vulnerability can be compromised. In this study, we examined anxiety-like behavioral responses of 4th generation adolescent male and female Long Evans rats selectively bred for high (HAn) and low (LAn) anxiety-like behavior when housed in an isolated environment (IE) versus a social environment (SE). After 35 days in IE or SE, animals were tested in the elevated plus maze (EPM), injected with amphetamine (AMPH: 0...
May 8, 2018: Neuroscience
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