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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819998/reliability-and-validity-of-the-script-concordance-test-for-postgraduate-students-of-general-practice
#1
Julie Subra, Bruno Chicoulaa, André Stillmunkès, Pierre Mesthé, Stéphane Oustric, Marie-Eve Rougé Bugat
BACKGROUND: The script concordance test (SCT) is a validated method of examining students' clinical reasoning. Medical students' professional skills are assessed during their postgraduate years as they study for a specialist qualification in general practice. However, no specific provision is made for assessing their clinical reasoning during their postgraduate study. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to demonstrate the reliability and validity of the SCT in general practice and to determine if this tool could be used to assess medical students' progress in acquiring clinical reasoning...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819897/teachers-and-parents-perspectives-on-a-curricular-subject-of-religion-and-spirituality-for-indian-schools-a-pilot-study-toward-school-mental-health-program
#2
Parameshwaran Ramakrishnan, Andrew Baccari, Uma Ramachandran, Syed Faiz Ahmed, Harold G Koenig
Religious-spiritual (R/S) education helps medical students cope with caregiving stress and gain skills in interpersonal empathy needed for clinical care. Such R/S education has been introduced into K-12 and college curricula in some developed nations and has been found to positively impact student's mental health. Such a move has not yet been seen in the Indian education system. This paper aimed to examine perspectives of teachers and parents in India on appropriateness, benefits, and challenges of including R/S education into the school curriculum and also to gather their impressions on how a R/S curriculum might promote students' health...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819803/if-at-first-you-don-t-succeed%C3%A2-%C3%A2-adoption-of-ipad-marking-for-high-stakes-assessments
#3
Terry Judd, Anna Ryan, Eleanor Flynn, Geoff McColl
Large-scale interview and simulation-based assessments such as objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs) and multiple mini interviews (MMIs) are logistically complex to administer, generate large volumes of assessment data, and are strong candidates for the adoption of computer-based marking systems. Adoption of new technologies can be challenging, and technical failures, which are relatively commonplace, can delay and/or create resistance to ongoing implementation.This paper reports on the adoption process of an electronic marking system for OSCEs and MMIs following an unsuccessful initial trial...
August 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819513/strengthening-and-expanding-the-capacity-of-health-worker-education-in-zambia
#4
Charles Michelo, Joseph Mumba Zulu, Moses Simuyemba, Benjamin Andrews, Max Katubulushi, Benjamin Chi, Evariste Njelesani, Bellington Vwalika, Kasonde Bowa, Margaret Maimbolwa, James Chipeta, Fastone Goma, Selestine Nzala, Sekelani Banda, John Mudenda, Yusuf Ahmed, Lotti Hachambwa, Craig Wilson, Sten Vermund, Yakub Mulla
INTRODUCTION: Zambia is facing a chronic shortage of health care workers. The paper aimed at understanding how the Medical Education Partnership Initiative (MEPI) program facilitated strengthening and expanding of the national capacity and quality of medical education as well as processes for retaining faculty in Zambia. METHODS: Data generated through documentary review, key informant interviews and observations were analyzed using a thematic approach. RESULTS: The MEPI program triggered the development of new postgraduate programs thereby increasing student enrollment...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818568/reasons-for-non-vaccination-parental-vaccine-hesitancy-and-the-childhood-influenza-vaccination-school-pilot-programme-in-england
#5
Pauline Paterson, Tracey Chantler, Heidi J Larson
INTRODUCTION: In 2013, the annual influenza immunisation programme in England was extended to children to reduce the burden of influenza, but uptake was sub-optimal at 53.2%. AIM: To explore the reasons some parents decided not to vaccinate their child against influenza as part of the pilot programme offered in schools. METHODS: Cross-sectional qualitative study conducted between February and July 2015. 913 parents whose children were not vaccinated against influenza in the school pilots in West Yorkshire and Greater Manchester, England, were asked to comment on their reasons for non-vaccination and invited to take part in a semi-structured interview...
August 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817433/class-wide-access-to-a-commercial-step-1-question-bank-during-preclinical-organ-based-modules-a-pilot-project
#6
James H Baños, Mark E Pepin, Nicholas Van Wagoner
PURPOSE: The authors examined the usefulness of a commercially available Step 1 question bank as a formative academic support tool throughout organ-based modules in an integrated preclinical medical curriculum. The authors also determined the extent to which correlation between question bank utilization and academic metrics varied with Medical College Admission Test (MCAT) scores. METHOD: In 2015, a cohort of 185 first-year medical students at University of Alabama School of Medicine were provided with 18-month full access to a commercially available Step 1 question bank of over 2,100 items throughout organ-based modules, although there were no requirements for use...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817429/the-rising-challenge-of-training-physician-scientists-recommendations-from-a-canadian-national-consensus-conference
#7
Michael J Strong, Nick Busing, Danika L Goosney, Ken A Harris, Tanya Horsley, Alexandra Kuzyk, Lorelei Lingard, Wendy V Norman, Norman D Rosenblum, Tina Saryeddine, Xin Wang
Physician-scientists are individuals who actively participate in patient care, have undergone additional research training, and devote the majority of their time to research. Physician-scientists are traditionally the primary catalysts in bridging the translational gap-that is, the failure to link fundamental new knowledge in the pathobiology of disease with advances in health care and health policy in a timely manner. However, there has been a shift away from training physician-scientists, and financial support for the physician-scientist is diminishing globally, causing the translational gap to grow...
August 16, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817380/perceptions-of-preclinical-medical-students-towards-extracurricular-activities
#8
Mazen Almasry, Zeina Kayali, Rakan Alsaad, Ghada Alhayaza, Mohammad Sharique Ahmad, Akef Obeidat, Ahmed Abu-Zaid
Objectives: To determine the percentage of students involved in extracurricular activities (EAs), explore relationships between participation in EAs and students' characteristics, and investigate students' perceptions (i.e., motives and barriers) towards participation in EAs. Methods: An online, anonymous, random, cross-sectional, self-rating survey was administered during spring 2015-2016 to second-year and third-year students (n=340). Chi-square test was used to explore relationships between participation in EAs and students' characteristics...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817304/medical-education-and-leadership-in-breastfeeding-medicine
#9
Julie Scott Taylor, Esther Bell
Physicians' experience with high quality training in breastfeeding during their medical education is historically varied. The process of becoming a board-certified physician entails more than 20 years of education, and although medical school and residency training timelines and courses are relatively standardized across the United States and even internationally, breastfeeding education varies greatly across schools and programs. The Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (ABM) exists, in part, because historically, physicians have received too little clinical training in breastfeeding and infant nutrition...
August 17, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#10
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817229/performance-equivalency-between-computer-based-and-traditional-pen-and-paper-assessment-a-case-study-in-clinical-anatomy
#11
Bruno Guimarães, José Ribeiro, Bernardo Cruz, André Ferreira, Hélio Alves, Ricardo Cruz-Correia, Maria Dulce Madeira, Maria Amélia Ferreira
The time, material, and staff-consuming nature of anatomy's traditional pen-and-paper assessment system, the increase in the number of students enrolling in medical schools and the ever-escalating workload of academic staff have made the use of computer-based assessment (CBA) an attractive proposition. To understand the impact of such shift in the assessment method, an experimental study evaluating its effect on students' performance was designed. Additionally, students' opinions toward CBA were gathered. Second-year medical students attending a Clinical Anatomy course were randomized by clusters in two groups...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816993/parental-guidance-required-how-parents-could-help-reduce-the-shortage-of-minority-physician-assistants
#12
Amanda W Scarbrough, Yue Xie, Steve R Shelton
Physician assistants (PAs) are essential to the health care system, and there are not nearly enough of them to meet the needs of our ethnically diverse population. Factors contributing to a lack of minorities in PA schools are related to academic performance, commitments outside work/school, and social and economic deprivation. From 2014 to 2016, the Texas Area Health Education Center East worked with the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston to implement Physician Assistant Learner Support programming...
September 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816916/developmental-screening-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-disease-related-risk-and-screening-outcomes-in-4-year-olds
#13
Jeffrey Schatz, Alyssa Schlenz, Laura Reinman, Kelsey Smith, Carla W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Studies of early child development in sickle cell disease (SCD) have found modest associations between disease-related risks and developmental status in infants and toddlers, but such associations are evident by early elementary school. We screened 4-year-old children with SCD using 2 screening strategies to assess if biomedical risk factors for neurologic disease are related to developmental screening outcomes at this intermediate age. METHODS: Seventy-seven 4-year-old children with SCD (M = 4...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816835/acute-worsening-of-tics-on-varenicline
#14
Shivam Om Mittal, Bryan T Klassen, Anhar Hassan, James H Bower, Elizabeth A Coon
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report worsening of Tourette syndrome (TS) in 2 patients treated with varenicline. BACKGROUND: Abnormal dopaminergic signaling is likely involved in the pathophysiology of TS. Varenicline is a partial α4β2 nicotinic acetylcholine agonist that enhances dopamine release. Therefore, the use of varenicline may influence tics in patients with TS. METHOD: We analyzed and described 2 case studies on patients with significant worsening of tics after treatment with varenicline...
August 14, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816218/continuing-professional-development-of-doctors
#15
Tejinder Singh
After graduating from medical school, all doctors need to undertake some training activities lifelong to maintain, update or develop their knowledge, skills and attitudes towards their professional practice. Continuing professional development (CPD) refers to continuing development of medical and non- medical competencies including professionalism, and interpersonal, managerial and communication skills. There is no single correct way of doing CPD. Most learning in CPD is self-directed and based on one's own learning needs...
March 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815479/validation-of-the-internet-addiction-test-in-students-at-a-pakistani-medical-and-dental-school
#16
Ahmed Waqas, Faisal Farooq, Mohsin Raza, Saamia Tahir Javed, Spogmai Khan, Mahrukh Elahi Ghumman, Sadiq Naveed, Mark Haddad
Despite growing concerns over pathological internet usage, studies based on validated psychometric instruments are still lacking in Pakistan. This study aimed to examine the psychometric properties of the Internet Addiction Test (IAT) in a sample of Pakistani students. A total of 522 students of medicine and dentistry completed the questionnaire, which consisted of four sections: (a) demographics, (b) number of hours spent on the Internet per day, (c) English version of the IAT, and (d) the Defense Style Questionnaire-40...
August 17, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815204/pathology-competencies-for-medical-education-and-educational-cases
#17
Barbara E C Knollmann-Ritschel, Donald P Regula, Michael J Borowitz, Richard Conran, Michael B Prystowsky
Current medical school curricula predominantly facilitate early integration of basic science principles into clinical practice to strengthen diagnostic skills and the ability to make treatment decisions. In addition, they promote life-long learning and understanding of the principles of medical practice. The Pathology Competencies for Medical Education (PCME) were developed in response to a call to action by pathology course directors nationwide to teach medical students pathology principles necessary for the practice of medicine...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814909/increasing-medical-student-exposure-to-musculoskeletal-medicine-the-initial-impact-of-the-orthopaedic-surgery-and-sports-medicine-interest-group
#18
Dayne T Mickelson, Philip K Louie, Kenneth R Gundle, Alex W Farnand, Douglas P Hanel
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Interest Group (OSSMIG) on medical student interest and confidence in core musculoskeletal (MSK) concepts through supplemental education and experiences at a single tertiary, academic institution. METHODS: Medical student OSSMIG members at various levels of training were anonymously surveyed at the beginning and end of the 2014-2015 academic year. RESULTS: Eighteen (N=18) medical student interest group members completed the survey...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814701/-byoin-in-modern-japan-focusing-on-the-terminological-introduction-of-hospital-and-the-complex-formation-of-its-concept
#19
Youngsoo Kim
This paper aims to clarify when the term of Byoin (hospital) was introduced and how its concept was developed in modern Japan. The word "Byoin" was introduced in Japan in 1787 for the first time, but it had not been in use until early 1860s. Instead, various medical institutions performing the functions of modern medical facilities, such as Yojosho (A place for preserving health), Shijuku (private school), called by traditional names as ever. Japanese intellectuals already adopted the word Byoin and the concept of western hospital in early 1860s when their national delegates were dispatched to Europe to revise the treaties forged with western powers...
April 2017: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814263/acute-pain-management-in-hospitalized-children
#20
Ria Dancel, Edmund Allen Liles, Darren Fiore
BACKGROUND: Acute pain in hospitalized pediatric patients is prevalent. Recent shifts in the paradigm of pediatric acute pain management focus less on reliance on opioids, due to their adverse side effects and risk of dependence, and more on multimodal pain management. OBJECTIVE: We sought to review the most recent studies on acute pain management in hospitalized pediatric patients. METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Database and PubMed for articles published in the past five years regarding the treatment of acute pain in pediatric patients focusing on large randomized or quasi-randomized control trials, cohort trials, and meta-analyses...
August 16, 2017: Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials
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