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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786958/variability-in-student-perceptions-of-mistreatment
#1
Samantha Ellis, Joel Purkiss, Emily Abdoler, Amanda Opaskar, Rajesh S Mangrulkar, Joseph C Kolars, Sally A Santen
BACKGROUND: As medical schools strive to improve the learning environment, it is important to understand medical students' perceptions of mistreatment. The purpose of this study was to explore student interpretations of previously reported mistreatment incidents to better understand how they conceptualise the interactions. METHODS: Medical students were presented with case scenarios of previously reported instances of mistreatment and asked to indicate their agreement as to whether the scenarios demonstrated mistreatment, using a five-point Likert scale (1, strongly disagree; 5, strongly agree)...
May 22, 2018: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786589/bacterial-factors-of-cariogenicity-literature-review
#2
Mariia O Faustova, Maiia M Ananieva, Yaroslav O Basarab, Oksana V Dobrobolska, Iryna M Vovk, Galina A Loban'
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: According to the 2003 WHO report, dental caries affects from 60% to 90% of school-age children and adults that makes it one of the most common diseases worldwide. The aim was to systematize data about the modern conception of plaque formation and role of microorganisms in its development. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: Biblosemantic, 50 medical literature sources were systematically reviewed as the material for the research...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786030/women-deans-perceptions-of-the-gender-gap-in-american-medical-deanships
#3
Elizabeth Humberstone
Background: : Women account for 16% of deans of American medical schools. To investigate this gender gap, female deans were interviewed about the barriers facing women advancing toward deanships. Methods: The author conducted semi-structured interviews with eight women deans. Interviews were analyzed using provisional coding and sub coding techniques. Results: Four main themes emerged during the interviews: (1) the role of relationships in personal and career development, (2) leadership challenges, (3) barriers between women and leadership advancement, and (4) recommendations for improvement...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786029/academics-anonymous-a-medical-student-s-12-step-guide-to-scholarly-productivity
#4
Nissi Wei, James A Bourgeois, Ana Hategan, Amin Azzam
An important aspect of academic medicine is publication in peer-reviewed journals and other media. Early scholarly productivity in medical school may jump-start a successful academic career. Topic choice, search methodology, writing strategies, mentorship, and collaboration are all fundamental to successful academic productivity. The authors reviewed the importance of instituting the germinal stages of scholarly productivity during medical training and created 12 steps for facilitating productive academic writing by students...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786026/sources-of-medical-student-stress
#5
Krishna Subhash Vyas, Terry D Stratton, Neelkamal S Soares
Background: Key elements in the clinical practice of prevention, health and wellness are best cultivated in medical professionals during undergraduate medical training. This study explores students' self-assessed stress relative to gender, academic expectations, and level of medical training to guide development of targeted wellness interventions. Methods: In early 2012, undergraduate (M1-M4) students in four Southeastern U.S. allopathic medical schools were surveyed about health-related attitudes and behaviors...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786020/use-of-international-foundations-of-medicine-clinical-sciences-examination-to-evaluate-students-performance-in-the-local-examination-at-the-university-of-sharjah-united-arab-emirates
#6
Nihar Ranjan Dash, Mohamed Elhassan Abdalla, Amal Hussein
Background: Several medical schools around the world are moving away from isolated, locally developed in-house assessments to the introduction of external examinations into their curriculum. Although the objective varies, it is typically done to evaluate, audit, and compare students' performance to international standards. Similarly, the International Foundations of Medicine-Clinical Sciences Examination (IFOM-CSE) was introduced in the College of Medicine at the University of Sharjah as an external assessment criterion in addition to the existing in-house assessments...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785710/insomnia-in-community-living-persons-with-advanced-age
#7
Brienne Miner, Thomas M Gill, H Klar Yaggi, Nancy S Redeker, Peter H Van Ness, Ling Han, Carlos A Vaz Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the epidemiology of insomnia, including demographic and clinical correlates, in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Yale Precipitating Events Project participants (N=379; mean age 84.3; 67.8% female; 11.9% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), with scores of 8 and higher indicating insomnia, which was further stratified according to ISI score as mild (8-14), moderate (15-21), or severe (22-28)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785147/selection-as-a-learning-experience-an-exploratory-study
#8
Marieke de Visser, Roland F Laan, Rik Engbers, Janke Cohen-Schotanus, Cornelia Fluit
Introduction: Research on selection for medical school does not explore selection as a learning experience, despite growing attention for the learning effects of assessment in general. Insight in the learning effects allows us to take advantage of selection as an inclusive part of medical students' learning process to become competent professionals. The aims of this study at Radboud University Medical Center, the Netherlands, were 1) to determine whether students have learning experiences in the selection process, and, if so, what experiences; and 2) to understand what students need in order to utilize the learning effects of the selection process at the start of the formal curriculum...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785092/patient-satisfaction-with-care-in-an-urban-tertiary-referral-academic-glaucoma-clinic-in-the-us
#9
Kristen M Peterson, Carrie E Huisingh, Christopher Girkin, Cynthia Owsley, Lindsay A Rhodes
Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the factors associated with glaucoma patients' satisfaction with their medical care by fellowship-trained glaucoma specialists in an urban tertiary referral clinic in the US. Methods: A total of 110 established patients aged ≥60 years with a diagnosis of either primary open angle glaucoma, glaucoma suspect, or ocular hypertension monitored by an ophthalmologist with fellowship training in glaucoma were enrolled at an academic, urban, tertiary referral eye clinic...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784473/tailbone-pain-from-coccyx-injuries-on-water-slides-a-case-series
#10
Patrick M Foye, Dena M Abdelshahed, Evish Kamrava, Renee Enriquez, Gerard J D'Onofrio
BACKGROUND: Water slides and rides are increasingly popular attractions at amusement parks. There has been some documentation of various patterns of injury associated with these rides, most notably vaginal injuries caused by water jets. But we find no previous medical publications reporting the association between water slides/rides with coccydynia (coccyx pain) and tailbone injuries. CASE REPORT: Our purpose in this case report was to assess for an association between water slides/rides with injuries to the coccyx causing coccyx pain...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783281/remembrances-of-ulf-svante-von-euler
#11
EDITORIAL
Rajko Igić
I first met Ulf Svante von Euler when he came to Belgrade, in 1968, to attend an international symposium on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the Medical Faculty. I was at that time a graduate student at the Medical Faculty in Sarajevo, and a new researcher. I had finished medical school in Belgrade and had worked for two years as a physician in the northern part of Serbia. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
May 21, 2018: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#12
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782615/feasibility-study-applying-a-parametric-model-as-the-design-generator-for-3d-printed-orthosis-for-fracture-immobilization
#13
Jianyou Li, Hiroya Tanaka
Background: Applying 3D printing technology for the fabrication of custom-made orthoses provides significant advantages, including increased ventilation and lighter weights. Currently, the design of such orthoses is most often performed in the CAD environment, but creating the orthosis model is a time-consuming process that requires significant CAD experience. This skill gap limits clinicians from applying this technology in fracture treatment. The purpose of this study is to develop a parametric model as the design generator for 3D-printed orthoses for an inexperienced CAD user and to evaluate its feasibility and ease of use via a training and design exercise...
2018: 3D printing in medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782309/in-memoriam-assistant-professor-kre%C3%A5-imir-kostovi%C3%A4-md-phd-16-october-1969-15-october-2017
#14
Branka Marinović
On a Sunday afternoon almost six months ago, we were deeply moved by the news that our Krešimir is no longer with us. The sad news spread from Sarajevo with the speed only most horrible and saddest news can achieve. And everybody who was reached by these news wondered whether it was possible and whether it was true. Because our professor Kostović left us a day before his 48th birthday. Krešimir Kostović was born on the 16th October 1969 in Zagreb, where he completed primary and secondary education. He enrolled at the University of Zagreb School of Medicine in 1988, and got his medical degree in 1995...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#15
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781697/the-roles-training-and-knowledge-of-community-health-workers-about-diabetes-and-hypertension-in-khayelitsha-cape-town
#16
Lungiswa P Tsolekile, Helen Schneider, Thandi Puoane
BACKGROUND:  The current roles and capacity of community health workers (CHWs) in the management and control of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) remain poorly understood. OBJECTIVES:  To assess CHWs' current roles, training and knowledge about diabetes and hypertension in Khayelitsha, Cape Town. METHODS:  A cross-sectional study of 150 CHWs from two non-governmental organisations contracted to provide NCD care as part of a comprehensive package of services was conducted...
March 26, 2018: Curationis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781379/innovative-curriculum-integrating-the-bio-behavioral-and-social-science-principles-across-the-lifestages-in-basic-science-years
#17
Anuradha Lele Mookerjee, Bradford D Fischer, Susan Cavanaugh, Vijay Rajput
Behavioral and social science integration in clinical practice improves health outcomes across the life stages. The medical school curriculum requires an integration of the behavioral and social science principles in early medical education. We developed and delivered a four-week course entitled "LifeStages" to the first year medical students. The learning objectives of the bio-behavioral and social science principles along with the cultural, economic, political, and ethical parameters were integrated across the lifespan in the curriculum matrix...
May 20, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781286/medical-therapy-versus-balloon-sinus-dilation-in-adults-with-chronic-rhinosinusitis-merlot-12-month-follow-up
#18
J Pablo Stolovitzky, Neelesh Mehendale, Keith E Matheny, William J Brown, Anthony A Rieder, Douglas R Liepert, Ewen Tseng, Andrew Gould
Background Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a devastating disease affecting nearly 30 million people in the United States. An interim analysis of data from the present study suggested that, in patients who had previously failed medical therapy, balloon sinus dilation (BSD) plus medical management (MM) provides a significant improvement in the quality of life (QOL) at 24 weeks postprocedure compared to MM alone. Objective The primary objective of this final analysis was to evaluate the durability of treatment effects through the 52-week follow-up...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780888/empathy-in-internal-medicine-residents-at-community-based-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Jami Foreback, Halina Kusz, Brenda Lovegrove Lepisto, Barbara Pawlaczyk
Introduction: Many research reports revealed declining empathy in medical schools that continues in postgraduate years of training. Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the self-reported empathy levels of internal medicine (IM) residents in 3 community-based teaching hospitals. Methods: The Jefferson Scale of Physician Empathy, Health Professionals version, is an online, self-administered, questionnaire that was offered to 129 current and incoming residents at 1 osteopathic and 2 allopathic, IM training programs in Flint, Michigan...
January 2018: Journal of Medical Education and Curricular Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780844/outcomes-and-return-to-sport-after-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-in-adolescent-baseball-players
#20
Michael Saper, Joseph Shung, Stephanie Pearce, Viviana Bompadre, James R Andrews
Background: The number of ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) reconstructions in adolescent athletes has increased over the past 2 decades. Clinical results in this population have not been well studied. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and return to sport after UCL reconstruction in a large group of adolescent baseball players. We hypothesized that excellent clinical outcomes and high rates of return to sport would be observed in this population at a minimum 2-year follow-up...
April 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
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