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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098505/facilitating-and-hindering-factors-for-coping-with-the-experience-of-having-a-child-with-cancer-a-lebanese-perspective
#1
Myrna A A Doumit, May Naifeh Khoury
BACKGROUND: Families with a child with cancer face significant emotional and psychosocial stressors. The frequency of childhood cancer is increasing in Lebanon with more than 282 children diagnosed each year. This condition is reported to evoke a range of challenging emotions for parents, yet no studies have been conducted on the facilitating and hindering factors that affect Lebanese parents coping with a child with cancer. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to gain an in-depth understanding of factors facilitating and hindering coping methods of Lebanese parents with a child with cancer...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098483/academic-performance-on-first-year-medical-school-exams-how-well-does-it-predict-later-performance-on-knowledge-based-and-clinical-assessments
#2
Edward Krupat, Stephen R Pelletier, Jules L Dienstag
Number of appearances in the bottom quartile of 1st-year medical school exams were used to represent the extent to which students were having academic difficulties. Medical educators have long expressed a desire to have indicators of medical student performance that have strong predictive validity. Predictors traditionally used fell into 4 general categories: demographic (e.g., gender), other background factors (e.g., college major), performance/aptitude (e.g., medical college admission test scores), and noncognitive factors (e...
January 18, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098081/is-tobacco-use-increasing-among-medical-students-of-bengaluru-city-india-evidence-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#3
Prem K Mony
BACKGROUND: Studies investigating secular changes in tobacco use are rare in India. We estimated self-reported prevalence of tobacco use, across a 5-year interval, among medical students in Bengaluru, India. METHODS: We did two cross-sectional studies during 2007 and 2013 among third year undergraduate medical students of four medical colleges in Bengaluru. A self-administered questionnaire was used to elicit information on tobacco smoking and chewing. RESULTS: The participation rates were 82% (323/395) in 2007 and 78% (253/324) in 2013 (p=0...
September 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097957/if-medical-education-was-a-discipline-she-would-have-five-core-competencies
#4
Constance R Tucker
To date, many medical schools define medical educators by who they teach rather than the quality of their engagement with learners. In addition, evidence suggests that a traditional terminal degree may not satisfy the developmental needs of educators engaged in competency based medical education. Perhaps, medical educators require additional competencies. This personal view introduces five competencies that enliven the way in which medical educators engage in career paths, recruitment, performance assessment, compensation, and professional development...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097902/mistreatment-of-medical-students-in-the-third-year-may-not-be-the-problem
#5
Stuart J Slavin, John T Chibnall
Mistreatment and abuse of medical students has been recognized as a significant problem in medical schools. We believe, however, that the problem of mistreatment has been viewed incorrectly. This misperception of mistreatment exists in two primary ways. First, mistreatment has tended to be viewed as a "diagnosis" of unprofessionalism of the perpetrator when it may be more appropriately viewed as a symptom with a range of possible underlying causes. The second misconception that appears to be prevalent is the belief that the link between mistreatment and student well-being, distress, and falling empathy is clear...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097899/the-need-for-narrative-reflection-and-experiential-learning-in-medical-education-a-lesson-learned-through-an-urban-indigenous-health-elective
#6
Lindsay S Herzog
In this personal view article, I discuss a formative experience I had during an Urban Indigenous Health elective in which I participated while in my final year of medical school. The elective was developed on the foundation of an experiential learning model, which is central to Indigenous pedagogy and emphasizes learning through experience and narrative reflection. By transforming medical education into a place where such concepts are integrated and valued, I argue that we will create physicians who are self-aware, compassionate and able to provide culturally safe care to all patient populations they will serve in their future practices...
January 18, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097675/the-swamplands-of-reflection-using-conversation-analysis-to-reveal-the-architecture-of-group-reflection-sessions
#7
Mario Veen, Anne de la Croix
CONTEXT: Many medical schools include group reflection in their curriculum, and many researchers have considered both the concept and the outcomes of reflection. However, no research has been carried out on how 'reflective talk' is structured in the classroom. This paper describes how tutors and residents organise group reflection sessions in situ by describing an example of group reflection in medical education. Our aim is to provide an evidence base that can be used by medical educators to think about the way reflection should be included in their curriculum...
January 18, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097606/colorado-medical-students-attitudes-and-beliefs-about-marijuana
#8
Michael H Chan, Christopher E Knoepke, Madeline L Cole, James McKinnon, Daniel D Matlock
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, state and local governments across the U.S. have been increasingly reforming marijuana laws. Despite growing support for marijuana as a medical treatment, little is known about medical students' perceptions of marijuana use. OBJECTIVE: To assess Colorado medical students' personal and professional opinions on current and future marijuana use in a healthcare setting. DESIGN: A voluntary, anonymous, online cross-sectional survey...
January 17, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097529/sleep-knowledge-and-behaviors-in-medical-students-results-of-a-single-center-survey
#9
Navid Ahmed, Mohammad Sadat, Daniel Cukor
OBJECTIVE: There is little known about the demands of medical school on students' sleep behavior. The study's main goal was to examine the interplay between medical students' sleep knowledge, personal attitudes towards sleep, and their sleep habits. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was created and emailed to all students enrolled at a large metropolitan medical school. Data on demographics, sleep perception, and habits in addition to self-reported measures of students' sleep knowledge, beliefs, and sleepiness were collected...
January 17, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097181/social-well-being-and-related-factors-in-students-of-school-of-nursing-and-midwifery
#10
Alireza Salehi, Maryam Marzban, Maryam Sourosh, Farkhondeh Sharif, Mahmoud Nejabat, Mohammad Hadi Imanieh
BACKGROUND: According to the World Health Organization viewpoint, social well-being is an important dimension of health along with physical and mental aspects. Evaluation of social well-being is necessary in students, especially in medical sciences students due to future responsibility as health care professionals. The present study attempted to investigate the level of social well-being, five domains of it (like actualization, integration, contribution), and some related factors in the school of nursing and midwifery students...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096742/collection-based-analysis-of-selected-medical-libraries-in-the-philippines-using-doody-s-core-titles
#11
Efren Torres
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the book collection of five selected medical libraries in the Philippines, based on Doodys' Essential Purchase List for basic sciences and clinical medicine, to compare the match and non-match titles among libraries, to determine the strong and weak disciplines of each library, and to explore the factors that contributed to the percentage of match and non-match titles. METHOD: List checking was employed as the method of research. RESULTS: Among the medical libraries, De La Salle Health Sciences Institute and University of Santo Tomas had the highest percentage of match titles, whereas Ateneo School of Medicine and Public Health had the lowest percentage of match titles...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096741/a-day-in-the-life-of-third-year-medical-students-using-an-ethnographic-method-to-understand-information-seeking-and-use
#12
Andrea B Twiss-Brooks, Ricardo Andrade, Michelle B Bass, Barbara Kern, Jonna Peterson, Debra A Werner
OBJECTIVE: The authors undertook this project to learn how third-year medical students seek and use information in the course of daily activities, especially activities conducted in clinical settings in a variety of institutions. METHODS: We recruited sixty-eight third-year undergraduate medical school students to create a mapping diary of a day that included clinical activities. We conducted semi-structured interviews based on the mapping diaries. Using content and thematic analyses of the resulting interview transcripts, we developed an ethnographic case study for each participant...
January 2017: Journal of the Medical Library Association: JMLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096709/communication-pitfalls-of-traditional-history-and-physical-write-up-documentation
#13
Jeffrey L Brown
BACKGROUND: An unofficial standardized "write-up" outline is commonly used for documenting history and physical examinations, giving oral presentations, and teaching clinical skills. Despite general acceptance, there is an apparent discrepancy between the way clinical encounters are conducted and how they are documented. METHODS: Fifteen medical school websites were randomly selected from search-engine generated lists. One example of a history and physical write-up from each of six sites, one teaching outline from each of nine additional sites, and recommendations for documentation made in two commonly used textbooks were compared for similarities and differences...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096036/a-guide-to-the-anti-innovation-pharmaphobia-narrative-for-the-aspiring-innovator
#14
Thomas P Stossel
Thomas P. Stossel is an American Cancer Society Professor of Medicine Emeritus at Harvard Medical School, Honorary Physician in the Hematology Division of Brigham & Women's Hospital, founding scientist of BioAegis Therapeutics, Visiting Scholar of The American Enterprise Institute and cofounder of Options for Children in Zambia.
February 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095706/translation-and-pilot-testing-of-a-measure-to-assess-hypertension-self-care-activities-among-hispanics
#15
Jan Warren-Findlow, Maren J Coffman, Celia A Karp
OBJECTIVE: Hispanics in the US have high rates of uncontrolled hypertension in comparison to non-Hispanic whites. This pilot study reports on the translation of a validated measure, the Hypertension Self-Care Activity Level Effects (H-SCALE), for use with Spanish speakers. The H-SCALE assesses Hispanics' adherence to lifestyle activities that contribute to primary and secondary risk reduction of high blood pressure. DESIGN: Cross-sectional data were collected from Hispanic primary care patients attending a free health clinic in Charlotte, NC...
January 17, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094645/boarding-school-rules
#16
Matt Griffiths
Ofsted inspects and regulates services that care for children and young people, including boarding facilities. Medication management is an integral part of caring for children in boarding schools, and robust systems must be in place to pass inspection. These systems must cover how medicines are dispensed, administered and stored at the facility, risk assessments, identifying which pupils can manage their own medicines and the individual health needs of boarders, so that care plans can be put in place for children with specific needs...
January 4, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094427/minimalism-in-art-medical-science-and-neurosurgery
#17
Ali İhsan Ökten
The word ''minimalism'' is a word derived from French the word ''minimum''. Whereas the lexical meaning of minimum is ''the least or the smallest quantity necessary for something'', its expression in mathematics can be described as ''the lowest step a variable number can descend, least, minimal''. Minimalism, which advocates an extreme simplicity of the artistic form, is a current in modern art and music whose origins go to 1960s and which features simplicity and objectivity. Although art, science and philosophy are different disciplines, they support each other from time to time, sometimes they intertwine and sometimes they copy each other...
December 21, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093195/health-and-functioning-of-adolescents-conceived-by-assisted-reproductive-technology
#18
Eyal Fruchter, Ronit Beck-Fruchter, Ariel Hourvitz, Mark Weiser, Shira Goldberg, Daphna Fenchel, Liat Lerner-Geva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the general health, mental health, and cognitive ability of assisted reproductive technology (ART)-conceived adolescents. DESIGN: A nested case-control study within a historic cohort. SETTING: Not applicable. PATIENT(S): A total of 253 ART-conceived adolescents born between 1982 and 1993 and 253 matched references according to birth year, gender, and the high-school they attended. INTERVENTION(S): None...
January 5, 2017: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091977/a-cross-sectional-snapshot-of-sleep-quality-and-quantity-among-us-medical-students
#19
Erin E Ayala, Rani Berry, Jeffrey S Winseman, Hyacinth Rc Mason
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is a well-known risk factor for mood disturbances, decreased cognitive acuity, and impaired judgment. Sleep research in medical students typically focuses on sleep quantity, but less is known about the quality of a student's sleep. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the subjective sleep quality and quantity of US medical students and to identify differences in sleep characteristics across demographic groups. METHODS: Medical students (N = 860) representing 49 medical colleges completed the Medical Outcomes Study Sleep Scale and a demographic questionnaire between December 2015 and March 2016...
January 13, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090400/medical-school-hotline-pacific-center-for-emerging-infectious-diseases-research
#20
Richard Yanagihara, Vivek R Nerurkar, George Hui, Gwen A Jacobs
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
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