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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161687/obesity-knowledge-among-final-year-medical-students-in-norway
#1
Catia Martins, Anette Norsett-Carr
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of obesity knowledge in final-year medical students in Norway and to compare it to an expert group and first-year medical students. METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was specifically designed for this purpose (18 knowledge-based questions and 2 subjective questions looking at attitudes and self-perceived proficiency). All medical schools in Norway were included (n = 226). For comparison purposes, an expert group (n = 13) and first-year medical students (n = 96) were included...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161275/hiv-prevalence-and-behavioral-risk-factors-in-the-sudan-people-s-liberation-army-data-from-south-sudan
#2
Lauren P Courtney, Norman Goco, John Woja, Tonya Farris, Chris Cummiskey, Emily Smith, Lia Makuach, Helen M Chun
OVERVIEW: After two decades of civil war, South Sudan has limited published data on HIV prevalence and behavioral determinants of HIV infection risk. A surge in HIV/AIDS prevalence is a real concern for this new country with limited access to medical or HIV preventive services, and low education and literacy levels. We present findings from the first bio-behavioral surveillance survey conducted within the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of 1,149 randomly selected soldiers from thirteen SPLA bases was conducted in two phases: July to August 2010 and April to May 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160408/cognitive-performance-of-stunted-pre-school-children-undergoing-nutritional-recovery-treatment
#3
Thaíse Morais Silva, Nassib Bezerra Bueno, Maria de Lourdes da Silva Gomes de Azevedo, Ana Paula Grotti Clemente, Telma Maria de Menezes Toledo Florêncio
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the treatment of stunted children offered at a specialized center influences their cognitive performance. METHODS: Two groups of children from vulnerable families were selected, one consisting of stunted children being treated at the Nutrition Education and Recovery Center (CREN), and the other group of eutrophic children from a local, public day care center. At CREN, children are treated in a day-hospital system (9 hours/day, 5 days/week), receiving medical, nutritional and psycho-pedagogical support...
November 13, 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160334/prevalence-of-speech-and-language-disorders-in-children-in-the-western-region-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo
#4
Isadora Altero Longo, Gabriella Gonçalves Tupinelli, Caroline Hermógenes, Laís Vignati Ferreira, Daniela Regina Molini-Avejonas
PURPOSE: To establish the speech-language disorders in children living in the western region of São Paulo; to assess associations between diagnosis hypotheses (DH) and the age, gender and origin of referral; and to investigate the degree of agreement between the complaint and the DH at the moment of speech-language screening. METHODS: Observational epidemiological study conducted at a laboratory of Primary Health Care. A survey of 525 medical records of children between 2002 and 2011 was conducted...
November 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160167/an-innovative-long-final-year-assistantship-in-general-practice-description-and-evaluation
#5
Robert K McKinley, M Bartlett, S P Gay, S Gibson, A Panesar, M Webb
We describe and evaluate an innovative immersive 15 week final year assistantship in general practice. Evaluation data was taken from five years of routinely collected School data and available national comparative data. The assistantship aims to enable students to consolidate knowledge and hone their skills through central participation in the care of large numbers of patients with acute and long term conditions. We estimate that most students consulted with over 450 patients during the assistantship. Students report that they became useful to their practice teams, had multiple episodes of feedback on their performance which they found useful and, in the school exit survey, reported that they were highly prepared for practice...
November 21, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159857/methylphenidate-for-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Nancy Sturman, Laura Deckx, Mieke L van Driel
BACKGROUND: Children with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD) frequently present with inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity, which are the cardinal symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The effectiveness of methylphenidate, a commonly used ADHD treatment, is therefore of interest in these children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of methylphenidate for symptoms of ADHD (inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity) and ASD (impairments in social interaction and communication, and repetitive, restricted or stereotypical behaviours) in children and adolescents aged 6 to 18 years with ASD...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159788/the-fight-against-tuberculosis-in-the-mid-nineteenth-century-the-pivotal-contribution-of-edoardo-maragliano-1849-1940
#7
Mariano Martini, Ilaria Barberis, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Filippo Paluan
The second half of the nineteenth century saw the development of new medical "specialties", which, like the idea of constitutional disease, had a profound influence on medical practice. Against this lively "backdrop", Edoardo Maragliano played a central role in medicine's "renaissance" in Italy. Having graduated in medicine in 1870 at the University of Naples, he worked as an assistant in the University Medical Clinic. After beginning his academic career as professor of pathology at the Faculty of Medicine in Genoa in 1877, he became full professor of internal medicine in 1881...
November 21, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159602/competitive-advantage-of-mba-for-physician-executives-a-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Anthony D Turner, Stanislaw P Stawicki, Weidun Alan Guo
In response to systemic challenges facing the US healthcare system, many medical students, residents and practicing physicians are pursuing a Master in Business Administration (MBA) degree. The value of such proposition remains poorly defined. The aim of this review is to analyze current literature pertaining to the added value of MBA training for physician executives (PEs). We hypothesized that physicians who supplement their clinical expertise with business education gain a significant competitive advantage...
November 20, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159184/acute-asthma-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department-infections-are-the-main-triggers-of-exacerbations
#9
Arianna Dondi, Elisabetta Calamelli, Valentina Piccinno, Giampaolo Ricci, Ilaria Corsini, Carlotta Biagi, Marcello Lanari
Background: Asthma exacerbations are a common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits in children. Aim: To analyze differences among age groups in terms of triggering factors and seasonality and to identify those with higher risk of severe exacerbations. Methods: We retrospectively revised the files of children admitted for acute asthma in 2016 in our Pediatric ED. Results: Visits for acute asthma were 603/23197 (2...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158709/relationship-between-health-literacy-and-body-mass-index-among-arab-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#10
Yazed Sulaiman Al-Ruthia, Bander Balkhi, Sultan AlGhadeer, Wael Mansy, Hisham AlSanawi, Reem AlGasem, Lama AlMutairi, Ibrahim Sales
Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) puts patients at higher risk for obesity and diabetes. Poor health literacy is also associated with these conditions. Notably, weight loss is associated with improved ovulation and pregnancy rates for women with PCOS. In this study the association between health literacy and body mass index (BMI) among women with PCOS was examined. Methods: The health literacy of women with PCOS was measured using the Arabic version of the single item literacy screener (SILS) at a university medical center...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158228/stigma-experienced-by-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity
#11
Stephen J Pont, Rebecca Puhl, Stephen R Cook, Wendelin Slusser
The stigmatization of people with obesity is widespread and causes harm. Weight stigma is often propagated and tolerated in society because of beliefs that stigma and shame will motivate people to lose weight. However, rather than motivating positive change, this stigma contributes to behaviors such as binge eating, social isolation, avoidance of health care services, decreased physical activity, and increased weight gain, which worsen obesity and create additional barriers to healthy behavior change. Furthermore, experiences of weight stigma also dramatically impair quality of life, especially for youth...
November 20, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157893/a-surgical-residency-preparatory-course-for-senior-medical-students-leads-to-earlier-independence-in-acgme-competencies
#12
Joshua A Wunder, Christopher P Brandt, Jeremy M Lipman
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether surgery residency preparatory courses lead to earlier independent practice. METHODS: A four-week surgical residency preparatory course was offered to graduating medical students. Upon entering residency, participants reported supervised and unsupervised performance of patient management and procedural competencies. Those who participated in the course (Group A) were compared with graduates from our institution who did not participate but entered surgery residency (Group B) and with residents from other medical schools in the same program as Group A (Group C)...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157890/surgical-clerkship-or-medical-clerkship-first-does-it-make-a-difference
#13
Andrew Adelsheimer, Russell S Berman, H Leon Pachter, Mark S Hochberg
INTRODUCTION: This study compares NBME surgical clerkship scores of students who completed their medicine clerkship before their surgical clerkship with the performance of those who had not previously completed their medical clerkship. METHODS: The study included 815 New York University School of Medicine students from the years 2014-2018 (571 students took medicine first, while 244 took surgery first). Performance on the surgical clerkship was assessed using the NBME SHELF examination...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157702/academic-departments-of-emergency-medicine%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-medical-schools
#14
EDITORIAL
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157643/creating-regional-consensus-for-starting-school-later-a-physician-driven-approach-in-southern-maine
#15
Tracey Ann Collins, Christopher Indorf, Thomas Klak
In April 2016, several contiguous school districts and an independent high school academy in southern Maine voted simultaneously to start school later, beginning with the 2016-17 academic year. They became Maine's first school districts to implement the American Academy of Pediatrics'(1) and the American Medical Association's(2) health policy recommendations that middle and high schools should not start before 8:30 AM. Local physicians' presentations to school staff and parents on the medical evidence of the health benefits of a later start solidified early consensus...
December 2017: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157568/providing-primary-care-using-an-interprofessional-collaborative-practice-model-what-clinicians-have-learned
#16
Cynthia S Selleck, Matthew Fifolt, Heidi Burkart, Jennifer Sandson Frank, William A Curry, Lisle S Hites
This article details a nurse-led, interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) model that was developed to provide primary care to a medically indigent population in Birmingham, Alabama. Funding to develop and implement this project came from a federal Nurse Education, Practice, Quality and Retention award to the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) School of Nursing, with additional support coming from the UAB Hospital and Health System. The clinic is housed within a local community-based, non-profit organization and all services, including supplies and pharmaceuticals, are provided free of charge to this vulnerable population...
November 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153453/face-to-face-instruction-combined-with-online-resources-improves-retention-of-clinical-skills-among-undergraduate-nursing-students
#17
Victoria R Terry, Peter C Terry, Clint Moloney, Les Bowtell
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence that online resources used to develop clinical skills among students in the healthcare professions can produce equivalent learning outcomes to traditional face-to-face training methods. Whether clinical competence is retained equally well for online and face-to-face training methods is not yet established. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to compare retention of competence in using an IV infusion pump among nursing students trained in its use using three different protocols...
November 9, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153249/accurate-surgical-skills-evaluation-does-it-mandate-raters-have-a-medical-background
#18
Muhammad Zeb, Apram Jyot, Eduardo Abbott, Miguel Gomez, Mohamed Baloul, David Farley
BACKGROUND: Surgeons rarely have time to assess/rate trainee performance. From a 10 year-experience of implementing OSCE style assessments, we hypothesize that the accurate scoring of interns in selected tests is not affected by the rater's medical background. METHODS: A prospective collection of quantitative scoring data by both medical school graduates and college students was compared. Each rater underwent training and then watched three videos of actors performing in each of two OSCE stations and individually scored them...
November 11, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152863/using-an-acculturation-stress-resilience-framework-to-explore-latent-profiles-of-latina-o-language-brokers
#19
Jennifer A Kam, Katerina M Marcoulides, Andy J Merolla
With survey data from 243 Latina/o early adolescent language brokers, latent profile analyses were conducted to identify different types (i.e., profiles) of brokers. Profiles were based on how often Latina/o early adolescents brokered for family members, as well as their levels of family-based acculturation stress, negative brokering beliefs, parentification, and positive brokering beliefs. Three brokering profiles emerged: (1) infrequent-ambivalents, (2) occasional-moderates, and (3) parentified-endorsers...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148565/tobacco-cessation-interventions-for-young-people
#20
REVIEW
Thomas R Fanshawe, William Halliwell, Nicola Lindson, Paul Aveyard, Jonathan Livingstone-Banks, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce
BACKGROUND: Most tobacco control programmes for adolescents are based around prevention of uptake, but teenage smoking is still common. It is unclear if interventions that are effective for adults can also help adolescents to quit. This is the update of a Cochrane Review first published in 2006. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of strategies that help young people to stop smoking tobacco. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's Specialized Register in June 2017...
November 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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