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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237045/are-the-kids-alright-review-books-and-the-internet-as-the-most-common-study-resources-for-the-general-surgery-clerkship
#1
Janice A Taylor, Christiana M Shaw, Sanda A Tan, John L Falcone
BACKGROUND: To define resources deemed most important to medical students on their general surgery clerkship, we evaluated their material utilization. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted amongst third-year medical students using a 20-item survey. Descriptive statistics were performed on the demographics. Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney analyses were performed on the Likert responses (α = 0.05). RESULTS: Survey response was 69.2%...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229478/students-experiences-of-role-relationships-and-learning-in-two-clerkship-models
#2
D Jill Konkin, Carol Suddards
CONTEXT: An increasing number of medical schools around the world are implementing longitudinal integrated clerkships (LICs). The University of Alberta's third-year LIC admits a small group of each class. Those not in the LIC undertake a rotation-based clerkship (RBC). All students have a fourth-year RBC. Meaningful participation in patient care and guidance have been identified as affordances for work-based learning. METHODS: This qualitative study is part of an ongoing research programme conducted in a hermeneutic phenomenological frame...
February 22, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225461/faculty-development-for-medical-school-community-based-faculty-a-council-of-academic-family-medicine-educational-research-alliance-study-exploring-institutional-requirements-and-challenges
#3
Joanna Drowos, Suzanne Baker, Suzanne Leonard Harrison, Suzanne Minor, Alexander W Chessman, Dennis Baker
PURPOSE: Community-based faculty play a large role in training medical students nationwide and require faculty development. The authors hypothesized that positive relationships exist between clerkships paying preceptors and requiring faculty development, and between protected clerkship directors' time and delivering face-to-face preceptor training, as well as with the number or length of community-based preceptor visits. Through under standing the quantity, delivery methods, barriers, and institutional support for faculty development provided to community-based preceptors teaching in family medicine clerkships, best practices can be developed...
February 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209501/comparing-surgical-clerkship-performance-of-medical-and-physician-assistant-students
#4
Nasser N Alamiri, Charles Miles Maliska, Heather Chancellor-McIntosh, Guido Sclabas
OBJECTIVE: Third-year medical students (MS-III) and second-year physician assistant students (PA-S) have similar core clinical rotations during their education. Uniquely at our institution, both groups rotate together and are assessed by the same evaluation and grading standards. This study compares the performance of MS-III and PA-S during their combined surgical clerkship rotation. DESIGN: A retrospective analysis on students' final clerkship grades, individual grades for clinical performance evaluation, objective structured clinical examination, faculty tutorials, and National Board of Medical Education (NBME) general surgery examination for academic years 2013 and 2014...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196948/medical-students-opportunities-to-participate-and-learn-from-activities-at-an-internal-medicine-ward-an-ethnographic-study
#5
A Hägg-Martinell, H Hult, P Henriksson, A Kiessling
OBJECTIVES: To optimise medical students' early clerkship is a complex task since it is conducted in a context primarily organised to take care of patients. Previous studies have explored medical students' perceptions of facilitation and hindrance of learning. However, the opportunities for medical student to learn within the culture of acute medicine care have not been fully investigated. This study aimed to explore how medical students approach, interact and socialise in an acute internal medicine ward context, and how spaces for learning are created and used in such a culture...
February 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188946/integration-of-cognitive-skills-as-a-cross-cutting-theme-into-the-undergraduate-medical-curriculum-at-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences
#6
Akbar Soltani, Maryam Allaa, Hamideh Moosapour, Azadeh Aletaha, Farzaneh Shahrtash, Alireza Monajemi, Tohid Arastoo, Maryam Ahmadinejad, Azim Mirzazadeh, Mahboobeh Khabaz Mafinejad
Nowadays, improvement of thinking skills of students is one of the universally supported aims in the majority of medical schools. This study aims to design longitudinal theme of reasoning, problem-solving and decision-making into the undergraduate medical curriculum at Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS). A participatory approach was applied to design the curriculum during 2009-2011. The project was conducted by the contribution of representatives of both basic and clinical faculty members, students and graduates at Tehran University of Medical Sciences...
January 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186057/adding-live-streaming-to-recorded-lectures-in-a-non-distributed-pre-clerkship-medical-education-model
#7
Amanjot Sandhu, Aviva Fliker, Darren Leitao, Jodi Jones, Adrian Gooi
BACKGROUND: Live-streaming video has had increasing uses in medical education, especially in distributed education models. The literature on the impact of live-streaming in non-distributed education models, however, is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To determine the attitudes towards live-streaming and recorded lectures as a resource to pre-clerkship medical students in a non-distributed medical education model. METHODS: First and second year medical students were sent a voluntary cross-sectional survey by email, and were asked questions on live-streaming, recorded lectures and in person lectures using a 5-point Likert and open answers...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182806/student-perceptions-of-high-value-care-education-in-internal-medicine-clerkships
#8
Amit Pahwa, Danelle Cayea, Amanda Bertram, Ariella Apfel, Chad Miller, Nick Van Wagoner, James Willig, Reena Karani, Bimal Ashar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173937/student-use-and-perceptions-of-mobile-technology-in-clinical-clerkships-guidance-for-curriculum-design
#9
Joanna K Law, Parker A Thome, Brenessa Lindeman, Daren C Jackson, Anne O Lidor
BACKGROUND: We examined the types of technology used by medical students in clinical clerkships, and the perception of technology implementation into the curriculum. METHODS: An online survey about technology use was completed prior to general surgery clinical clerkship. Types of devices and frequency/comfort of use were recorded. Perceptions of the benefits and barriers to technology use in clerkship learning were elicited. RESULTS: 125/131 (95...
January 30, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167494/practising-evidence-based-medicine-ebm-a-descriptive-analysis-of-medical-students-whole-task-ebm-assignments
#10
Lauren A Maggio, Nicole Capdarest-Arest
Researchers have suggested whole-task learning activities to practice and teach evidence-based medicine (EBM); however, limited description exists of their use in EBM curricula. This article describes medical students' execution of a whole-task EBM assignment and characterises themes emerging from assignment submissions. Between 2013 and 2015, Stanford University's paediatric clerkship students completed a whole-task EBM assignment based on a patient encounter. The assignment captured students' efforts to perform all EBM steps and describe their patient scenario and future knowledge needs strategies...
February 6, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166582/patient-centered-care-challenges-and-surprises-through-the-clerkship-students-eyes
#11
Victoria L Boggiano, Yufan Wu, Janine S Bruce, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Erika Schillinger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The patient-centered care model for health care delivery encourages medical providers to respect patients' preferences and give patients more autonomy over their health care decisions. This approach has gained importance within US medical school curricula. Yet, little is known about student perspectives on both patient-centered care and the benefits and challenges that lie therein. This manuscript explores the greatest impediments to, as well as the benefits from, student engagement in patient-centered care from the perspectives of students participating in their family medicine outpatient clerkship...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164429/rethinking-empathy-decline-results-from-an-osce
#12
Valerie Chan Teng, Cathina Nguyen, Karen Thomson Hall, Tracy Rydel, Amelia Sattler, Erika Schillinger, Eva Weinlander, Steven Lin
BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of empathy decline among medical students during training is widely accepted, with evidence based largely on studies using self-administered instruments. Recently, researchers have called into question this phenomenon, in light of new findings that suggest a discrepancy between self-administered empathy scores and observed empathic behaviours: for example, during objective structured clinical examinations (OSCEs). Our objective was to compare observed empathy among medical students in different clerkship years using an OSCE...
February 6, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161006/choosing-surgery-as-a-career-early-results-of-a-longitudinal-study-of-medical-students
#13
Anthony P Berger, Joseph C Giacalone, Patrick Barlow, Muneera R Kapadia, Jerrod N Keith
BACKGROUND: Few studies have explored the factors associated with the preference of medical students to pursue a specific specialty, and even fewer have observed how these preferences and factors change over time. METHODS: A longitudinal survey of medical students was administered at the beginning of first year, second year, and clerkships from 2013-2016. Surveys included demographics and factors associated with their choice of specialty. RESULTS: Response rates were 78-94%...
February 1, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152112/on-becoming-a-physician
#14
EDITORIAL
Kenneth G Swan
Ken Swan practiced surgery for 46 years, serving with the US Army Medical Corps in both Vietnam and Desert Storm. After his army service, he joined the faculty of Rutgers Medical School, where he was director of the clinical clerkships at the time of his sudden death in 2014. Among his papers after his death, his son, Kenneth Jr. ("K. G."), found this address to incoming third-year medical students. At a symposium and gala honoring his dad in Newark on May 15, 2015, K. G. read it as a tribute to his father.
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143821/the-effectiveness-of-tbl-with-real-patients-in-neurology-education-in-terms-of-knowledge-retention-in-class-engagement-and-learner-reactions
#15
Mustafa Kemal Alimoglu, Selda Yardım, Hilmi Uysal
In our medical school, we changed from a lecture-based method to a team-based learning (TBL) method to teach "polyneuropathies" in the neurology clerkship starting from the 2014 to 2015 academic year. Real patients were used instead of written scenarios in TBL sessions. This study aimed to compare former lecture-based and the current TBL methods in terms of knowledge retention, in-class learner engagement, and learner reactions. First, we determined in-class engagement and satisfaction of the students for the lectures given in the 2013-2014 academic year...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138873/describing-failure-in-a-clinical-clerkship-implications-for-identification-assessment-and-remediation-for-struggling-learners
#16
L James Nixon, Sophia P Gladding, Briar L Duffy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131325/mistreatment-and-the-learning-environment-for-medical-students-on-general-surgery-clerkship-rotations-what-do-key-stakeholders-think
#17
Manuel Castillo-Angeles, Ammara A Watkins, Danilo Acosta, Julia L Frydman, Lydia Flier, Alejandro Garces-Descovich, Michael J Cahalane, Sidharta P Gangadharan, Katharyn M Atkins, Tara S Kent
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment has potential downstream effects on students. General surgery rotations tend to have a higher incidence of mistreatment reports. This study was undertaken to identify dominant themes contributing to a negative learning environment. METHODS: A qualitative study was performed using Delphi consensus technique to develop a discussion guide. Four focus groups were performed (n = 30 participants) with medical students, residents, nurses, and attending surgeons...
February 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127127/factors-associated-with-performance-in-an-internal-medicine-clerkship
#18
Colleen Colbert, Tresa McNeal, Maybelline Lezama, Martha Chandler, Lisa Forrester, Austin Metting, Curtis Mirkes, Holly Van Cleave, Sonny Win, John D Myers
The purpose of this retrospective study was to examine the relationship between demographic and educational variables and student performance on an internal medicine (IM) clerkship in order to target areas for educational intervention and potential early remediation. This study examined data associated with third-year medical student performance (N = 505) during the IM clerkship at Baylor Scott & White, Temple/Texas A&M Health Science Center College of Medicine from 2005 to 2011. Multiple regression analysis (N = 341) showed that a model containing the following variables was significantly associated with scores on the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) subject exam, accounting for 46...
January 2017: Proceedings of the Baylor University Medical Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121657/a-mixed-methods-analysis-of-a-novel-mistreatment-program-for-the-surgery-core-clerkship
#19
James N Lau, Laura M Mazer, Cara A Liebert, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Dana T Lin, Ilene Harris
PURPOSE: To review mistreatment reports from before and after implementation of a mistreatment program, and student ratings of and qualitative responses to the program to evaluate the short-term impact on students. METHOD: In January 2014, a video- and discussion-based mistreatment program was implemented for the surgery clerkship at the Stanford University School of Medicine. The program aims to help students establish expectations for the learning environment; create a shared and personal definition of mistreatment; and promote advocacy and empowerment to address mistreatment...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121650/effects-of-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-on-the-mental-health-of-clinical-clerkship-students-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Inge van Dijk, Peter L B J Lucassen, Reinier P Akkermans, Baziel G M van Engelen, Chris van Weel, Anne E M Speckens
PURPOSE: To examine the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction training (MBSR) on the mental health of medical students during clinical clerkships. METHOD: Between February 2011 and May 2014, the authors conducted a cluster-randomized controlled trial of clerkships as usual (CAU) and clerkships with additional MBSR in medical students during their first year of clinical clerkships at a Dutch university medical center. MBSR consisted of eight weekly two-hour sessions, comprising didactic teaching, meditation exercises, and group dialogues...
January 24, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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