keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Pediatric burn

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907353/determinants-of-skeletal-muscle-protein-turnover-following-severe-burn-trauma-in-children
#1
Ioannis Malagaris, David N Herndon, Efstathia Polychronopoulou, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Clark R Andersen, Oscar E Suman, Craig Porter, Labros S Sidossis
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Burns remain the fifth cause of non-fatal pediatric injuries globally, with muscle cachexia being a hallmark of the stress response to burns. Burn-induced muscle wasting is associated with morbidity, yet the determinants of muscle protein catabolism in response to burn trauma remains unclear. Our objective was to determine the effect of patient and injury characteristics on muscle protein kinetics in burn patients. METHODS: This retrospective, observational study was performed using protein kinetic data from pediatric patients who had severe burns (>30% of the total body surface area burned) and underwent cross-limb stable isotope infusions between 1999 and 2008 as part of prospective clinical trials...
June 4, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907215/abnormal-lymphocyte-response-after-pediatric-thermal-injury-is-associated-with-adverse-outcomes
#2
Rajan K Thakkar, Zachary Diltz, Joseph D Drews, Krista K Wheeler, Junxin Shi, Racheal Devine, Renata Fabia, Mark Hall
BACKGROUND: Burns are a leading cause of morbidity in children, with infections representing the most common group of complications. Severe thermal injuries are associated with a profound inflammatory response, but the utility of laboratory values to predict infections in pediatric burn patients is poorly understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our institutional burn database was queried for patients aged 18 y and younger with at least 10% total body surface area burns...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905842/opioid-prescribing-and-polypharmacy-in-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain
#3
Sabrina Gmuca, Rui Xiao, Pamela F Weiss, David D Sherry, Andrea M Knight, Jeffrey S Gerber
Objective: Thirty percent of adults with fibromyalgia receive an opioid, but the prevalence of opioid prescribing in pediatric chronic musculoskeletal pain is unknown. The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with opioid exposure and polypharmacy among children with chronic musculoskeletal pain. Methods: In this retrospective cohort study using health care claims data from 2000 to 2013, the index date was the first ICD-9 code 729...
June 13, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905133/a-model-to-improve-detection-of-nonaccidental-pediatric-burns
#4
Lauren C Nigro, Michael J Feldman, Robin L Foster, Andrea L Pozez
Context: Pediatric burn patients warrant thorough evaluation because a sizeable proportion of pediatric burns are nonaccidental. Design: A multidisciplinary method involving an internal child protection team (CPT) was developed and used to identify suspected nonaccidental pediatric burns in all pediatric burn patients 5 years of age or younger who were evaluated by the CPT and social workers at our institution over a 55-month period. Results: We identified 343 cases for review that fit our age criteria, 6 of which we identified as cases of suspected abuse or neglect...
June 1, 2018: AMA Journal of Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901794/accuracy-of-prehospital-care-providers-in-determining-total-body-surface-area-burned-in-severe-pediatric-thermal-injury
#5
Christopher McCulloh, Andrew Nordin, Lindsay J Talbot, Junxin Shi, Renata Fabia, Rajan K Thakkar
Accurate measurement of total body surface area (TBSA) burned is a key factor in the care of pediatric patients with burn, especially those with large thermal injuries. There is a paucity of data on the accuracy of these measurements by prehospital, nonburn center, and emergency department (ED) providers, which can have drastic implications for patient management and outcomes. We sought to determine the accuracy of these estimates for large pediatric burns. A retrospective chart review was conducted of patients with TBSA ≥10% admitted to an American Burn Association (ABA)-verified pediatric burn center from 2007 to 2015...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900144/retrospective-epidemiological-study-of-burn-injuries-in-1717-pediatric-patients-10-years-analysis-of-hospital-data-in-iran
#6
Jafar Kazemzadeh, Reza Vaghardoost, Mostafa Dahmardehei, Soheila Rabiepoor, Ramyar Farzan, Ali Asghar Kheiri, Rahman Khosravy
Background: Burn injuries are considered an important preventable cause of injuries in children, and it still produces significant death in Iran. This study investigated the causes and severity of burns in patients. Methods: This study was retrospective descriptive study of children-burn injury in a referral Burn Care Center in Tehran, Iran during a ten-year period since 2005 to 2014. Data collection have been facilitated by using a specially designed checklist...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897540/laser-therapy-for-pediatric-burn-scars-focusing-on-a-combined-treatment-approach
#7
Jennifer Zuccaro, Inga Muser, Manni Singh, Janelle Yu, Charis Kelly, Joel Fish
Treatment with laser therapy has the potential to greatly improve hypertrophic scarring in individuals who have sustained burn injuries. More specifically, recent research has demonstrated the success of using pulsed dye laser therapy to help reduce redness and postburn pruritus and using ablative fractional CO2 laser therapy to improve scar texture and thickness. This study describes our early experience using laser therapy in our pediatric burn program and details our specific treatment approach when using each laser individually and in combination during the same procedure...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876160/development-of-a-new-patient-reported-outcome-instrument-to-evaluate-treatments-for-scars-the-scar-q
#8
Anne F Klassen, Natalia Ziolkowski, Lily R Mundy, H Catherine Miller, Alison McIlvride, Allison DiLaura, Joel Fish, Andrea L Pusic
Background: Every year millions of individuals acquire scars. A literature review of patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments identified content limitations in existing scar-specific measures. The aim of this study was to develop a new PRO instrument called SCAR-Q for children and adults with surgical, traumatic, and burn scars. Methods: We performed a secondary analysis of the qualitative datasets used in the development of PRO instruments for plastic and reconstructive surgery, that is, BREAST-Q, FACE-Q, BODY-Q, and CLEFT-Q...
April 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850818/evaluation-of-syrian-refugees-who-received-inpatient-treatment-in-a-tertiary-pediatric-hospital-in-turkey-between-january-2016-and-august-2017
#9
Ali Güngör, Arif Ismet Çatak, Bahar Çuhaci Çakir, Alkim Öden Akman, Cüneyt Karagöl, Tülin Köksal, Halil Ibrahim Yakut
Background: Turkey is the leading country among those that accept Syrian refugees. This study aimed to determine the density of Syrian refugees who received inpatient treatment at Ankara Child Health and Diseases Hematology Oncology Training and Research Hospital between January 2016 and August 2017. Methods: Syrian refugees' gender, age, place of birth, duration of hospitalization, admission diagnosis and services required as an inpatient were recorded from the registration system...
May 30, 2018: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849279/urinary-catheterization-in-infants-when-it-s-knot-so-simple
#10
David C Sheridan, Beech Burns, Megan Mickley
Pediatric fever is one of the most common presenting complaints to emergency departments (ED). While often due to a viral illness, in young children without a source the most common bacterial infection is pyelonephritis. For this reason, when no focal source can be identified a urinary specimen is recommended. In young children who are unable to urinate on demand, a straight catheter is required to obtain a sterile specimen. This is generally a benign procedure and is performed frequently in EDs. We report a case of a young girl who underwent straight bladder catheterization and was subsequently found to have a retained catheter that had become knotted in the bladder...
February 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846345/treatment-of-pediatric-treadmill-burn-contractures-with-ablative-fractional-laser-and-topical-triamcinolone-suspension
#11
Joanna H Tu, Jeremy A Udkoff, Lawrence F Eichenfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2018: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802007/estimation-of-blood-loss-during-adult-burn-surgery
#12
B Farny, M Fontaine, J Latarjet, J C Poupelin, D Voulliaume, F Ravat
INTRODUCTION: Large burns excision and graft can produce major blood loss. The main objective of this study is to evaluate the blood loss in relation with the excision size in square centimeters (cm2 ) in adults. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a monocentric, observational, prospective and open study in a burn intensive care unit. Patients aged-over 18 with burn wounds excision and autografting covering at least 5% of total body surface area (TBS) were enrolled...
May 22, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794277/low-dose-ketamine-versus-morphine-for-acute-severe-vaso-occlusive-pain-in-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Felix Anthony Lubega, Mithrika S DeSilva, Deogratias Munube, Rita Nkwine, Janat Tumukunde, Peter K Agaba, Mary T Nabukenya, Fred Bulamba, Tonny S Luggya
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute pain episodes associated with sickle cell disease (SCD) are very difficult to manage effectively. Opioid tolerance and side effects have been major roadblocks in our ability to provide these patients with adequate pain relief. Ketamine is cheap, widely safe, readily available drug, with analgesic effects at sub-anesthetic doses and has been used in wide range of surgeries, pediatric burns dressing change and cancer related pain however, literature concerning its use in sickle cell crises is still limited in our setting...
January 26, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789855/how-does-scorten-score
#14
Sarah Zavala, Megan O'Mahony, Cara Joyce, Anthony J Baldea
The Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis-specific severity of illness score (SCORTEN) was developed to predict mortality in patients with Stevens Johnson syndrome/toxic epidermal necrolysis (SJS/TEN). Several studies have attempted to assess the accuracy of SCORTEN with mixed results. The objective of this study is to compare the predicted and actual mortality for patients with SJS/TEN admitted to a single high-volume burn center.This retrospective study included adult and pediatric patients admitted to our burn center with biopsy-confirmed SJS/TEN between February 2008 and February 2016...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776863/vitamin-d-in-burn-injured-patients
#15
REVIEW
Megan A Rech, Daniel Colon Hidalgo, Jennifer Larson, Sarah Zavala, Michael Mosier
Recently, many studies have demonstrated pleotropic effects of vitamin D, including immune modulation and cardiovascular system activity. Sufficient vitamin D concentrations and supplementation of vitamin D may be of benefit in burn-injured patients. Low 25(OH)D has been observed in nearly all pediatric and most adult burn patients. Vitamin D has primarily been studied in pediatric burn patients, focusing on bone marker measurements and the incidence of fractures. The preferred vitamin D dose, formulation, and route of administration remain unknown, and there is limited data on the impact of vitamin D status on clinical outcomes...
May 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771374/our-inner-city-children-inflicted-with-burns-a-retrospective-analysis-of-pediatric-burn-admissions-at-harlem-hospital-ny
#16
Anant Dinesh, Thais Polanco, Khurram Khan, Alexius Ramcharan, Ryan Engdahl
Pediatric burns in the urban environment present special problems. Inner-city communities may be unique with hardships due to various socioeconomic factors. There is lack of literature analyzing pediatric burns in the inner-city, and there has been no report to date reviewing Harlem New York City, one of the most challenged areas in the nation. The aim of this study is to understand the pre-hospital circumstances, socioeconomic factors and management of pediatric burns admitted to our hospital. A retrospective review was performed including all patients aged 0-18 years admitted to the burn care unit from January 2006-May 2017...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760022/burnout-and-scope-of-practice-in-new-family-physicians
#17
Amanda K H Weidner, Robert L Phillips, Bo Fang, Lars E Peterson
PURPOSE: Family physicians report some of the highest levels of burnout, but no published work has considered whether burnout is correlated with the broad scope of care that family physicians may provide. We examined the associations between family physician scope of practice and self-reported burnout. METHODS: Secondary analysis of the 2016 National Family Medicine Graduate Survey respondents who provided outpatient continuity care (N = 1,617). We used bivariate analyses and logistic regression to compare self-report of burnout and measures of scope of practice including: inpatient medicine, obstetrics, pediatric ambulatory care, number of procedures and/or clinical content areas, and providing care outside the principal practice site...
May 2018: Annals of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757441/the-safety-and-efficacy-of-propranolol-in-reducing-the-hypermetabolic-response-in-the-pediatric-burn-population
#18
Sylvia Ojeda, Emily Blumenthal, Pamela Stevens, Clark R Andersen, Lucy Robles, David N Herndon, Walter J Meyer
Pediatric burn patients often have hypertension and tachycardia for several years post-injury. Propranolol has shown to be effective in treating the hypermetabolic state secondary to a major burn injury. This study was conducted to document a safe and effective dosing regimen for three different age groups. One hundred four burn-injured children with a 30% to 92% total body surface area burn were treated for 1 to 2 years with propranolol in the outpatient setting. Guardians of the patients were instructed on how to take and monitor the systolic blood pressure and heart rate, and document their vital signs several times a day...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747938/mental-health-after-unintentional-injury-in-a-pediatric-managed-medicaid-population
#19
Kylie M Bushroe, Erinn M Hade, Tara A McCarthy, Jeffrey A Bridge, Julie C Leonard
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare the rates of mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions pre- and posthospitalization for injury in a managed-Medicaid population. We hypothesized that children have increased rates of mental health diagnoses and psychotropic prescriptions after injury. STUDY DESIGN: We investigated children (n = 2208) ≤18 years of age treated at a pediatric trauma center from 2005 to 2015 who were enrolled in a managed-Medicaid program at hospital admission and for at least 1 healthcare visit in the preceding year...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742212/accidental-strangulation-in-children-by-the-automatic-closing-of-a-car-window
#20
Kailene Serena, Jefferson Pedro Piva, Cinara Andreolio, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho, Tais Sica da Rocha
Among the main causes of death in our country are car accidents, drowning and accidental burns. Strangulation is a potentially fatal injury and an important cause of homicide and suicide among adults and adolescents. In children, its occurrence is usually accidental. However, in recent years, several cases of accidental strangulation in children around the world have been reported. A 2-year-old male patient was strangled in a car window. The patient was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 8 and presented with progressive worsening of respiratory dysfunction and torpor...
March 2018: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
keyword
keyword
106382
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"