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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237909/the-relationship-between-smoking-intensity-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-injury-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#1
Mahmoud Al Rifai, Andrew P DeFillippis, John W McEvoy, Michael E Hall, Ana Navas Acien, Miranda R Jones, Rachel Keith, Hoda S Magid, Carlos J Rodriguez, Graham R Barr, Emelia J Benjamin, Rose Marie Robertson, Aruni Bhatnagar, Michael J Blaha
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Modern tobacco regulatory science requires an understanding of which biomarkers of cardiovascular injury are most sensitive to cigarette smoking exposure. METHODS: We studied self-reported current smokers from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Smoking intensity was defined by number of cigarettes/day and urinary cotinine levels. Subclinical cardiovascular injury was assessed using markers of inflammation [high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), interleukin 6 & 2 (IL-2 & IL-6), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)], thrombosis (fibrinogen, D-dimer, homocysteine), myocardial injury (troponin T; TnT), endothelial damage (albumin: creatinine ratio), and vascular function [aortic & carotid distensibility, flow-mediated dilation (FMD)]...
January 19, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224082/clinical-characteristics-of-adult-patients-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-in-spain-a-review-of-500-cases-from-university-hospitals
#2
J Pérez-López, L Ceberio-Hualde, J S García-Morillo, J M Grau-Junyent, A Hermida Ameijeiras, M López-Rodríguez, J C Milisenda, M Moltó Abad, M Morales-Conejo, J J Nava Mateos
Patients with inborn errors of metabolism (IEMs) have become an emerging and challenging group in the adult healthcare system whose needs should be known in order to implement appropriate policies and to adapt adult clinical departments. We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics of adult patients with IEMs who attend the most important Spanish hospitals caring for these conditions. A cohort study was conducted in 500 patients, categorized by metabolic subtype according to pathophysiological classification...
March 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211912/dna-methylation-map-in-circulating-leukocytes-mirrors-subcutaneous-adipose-tissue-methylation-pattern-a-genome-wide-analysis-from-non-obese-and-obese-patients
#3
A B Crujeiras, A Diaz-Lagares, J Sandoval, F I Milagro, S Navas-Carretero, M C Carreira, A Gomez, D Hervas, M P Monteiro, F F Casanueva, M Esteller, J A Martinez
The characterization of the epigenetic changes within the obesity-related adipose tissue will provide new insights to understand this metabolic disorder, but adipose tissue is not easy to sample in population-based studies. We aimed to evaluate the capacity of circulating leukocytes to reflect the adipose tissue-specific DNA methylation status of obesity susceptibility. DNA samples isolated from subcutaneous adipose tissue and circulating leukocytes were hybridized in the Infinium HumanMethylation 450 BeadChip...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172463/p158-pouchitis-in-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-a%C3%A2-multicentre-longitudinal-cohort-study-from-the-porto-ibd-working-group-of-espghan
#4
C Topf-Olivestone, E Orlanski Meyer, O Ledder, M Friedman, I Dotan, L-F Hansen, A Kindermann, A Assa, K-L Kolho, S Kolaček, E Wine, C Strisciuglio, M Aloi, R Hansen, H S Winter, V M Navas-Lόpez, L de Ridder, F Smets, D Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28172462/p278-short-and-long-term-surgical-outcomes-and-pouch-function-following-proctocolectomy-and-pouch-formation-in-paediatric-ulcerative-colitis-a-multicentre-retrospective-cohort-study-from-the-porto-ibd-working-group-of-espghan
#5
E Orlanski Meyer, C Topf-Olivestone, E Shtayer, H Tulchinsky, L-F Hansen, A Kindermann, A Assa, K-L Kolho, S Kolaček, M W Carroll, M Martinelli, M Aloi, R Hansen, H S Winter, V M Navas-Lόpez, B Weiss, N Shah, D Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130040/-admission-to-intensive-care-for-a-trauma-related-to-alcohol-or-drugs-a-teachable-moment-for-the-beginning-of-a-change
#6
S Cordovilla-Guardia, R Vilar-López, P Lardelli-Claret, J F Navas, F Guerrero-López, E Fernández-Mondéjar
OBJECTIVES: To estimate how many of the trauma patients admitted to ICU would be candidates for a secondary prevention programme for trauma related to alcohol or drug use by brief motivational intervention and to define what factors prevent that intervention being performed. METHODS: All 16-70year old trauma patients (n=242) admitted to ICU in 32 non-consecutive months (November 2011 to March 2015) were included in the study, coinciding with the implementation of a screening and brief motivational intervention programme for trauma patients related to substance consumption...
January 24, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118729/the-role-of-affect-driven-impulsivity-in-gambling-cognitions-a-convenience-sample-study-with-a-spanish-version-of-the-gambling-related-cognitions-scale
#7
Francesco Del Prete, Trevor Steward, Juan F Navas, Fernando Fernández-Aranda, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Tian P S Oei, José C Perales
Background and aims Abnormal cognitions are among the most salient domain-specific features of gambling disorder. The aims of this study were: (a) to examine and validate a Spanish version of the Gambling-Related Cognitions Scale (GRCS; Raylu & Oei, 2004) and (b) to examine associations between cognitive distortion levels, impulsivity, and gambling behavior. Methods This study first recruited a convenience sample of 500 adults who had gambled during the previous year. Participants were assessed using the Spanish version of GRCS (GRCS-S) questionnaire, the UPPS-P impulsivity questionnaire, measures of gambling behavior, and potentially relevant confounders...
January 25, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103156/antibodies-against-henipa-like-viruses-in-brazilian-bats
#8
Jansen de Araujo, Michael K Lo, Azaibi Tamin, Tatiana L Ometto, Luciano M Thomazelli, Marcello S Nardi, Renata F Hurtado, Alessandra Nava, Christina F Spiropoulou, Paul A Rota, Edison L Durigon
Bats are reservoir hosts for many paramyxoviruses, some of which cause human and zoonotic diseases of public health importance. We developed a Nipah virus nucleoprotein enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect cross-reactive antibodies in serum samples from several bat species in Brazil. Our results warrant further investigation of henipa-like virus reservoirs in the Western hemisphere.
January 19, 2017: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043039/vertical-and-lateral-distribution-of-fallout-137-cs-and-soil-properties-along-representative-toposequences-of-central-rif-morocco
#9
Haytam Mesrar, Abdelhamid Sadiki, Ali Faleh, Laura Quijano, Leticia Gaspar, Ana Navas
The purpose of this study is to understand and quantify the relationships between current (137)Cs inventories and the soil properties and the physiographic characteristics. A total of 36 cores were taken in seven transects with different slopes, lithology and land use. The analysis focused on the (137)Cs mass activity as well as inventories and its relationship with soil properties as grain size and organic matter. The mass activity of (137)Cs and the inventories varied between 3.6 and 63.7 Bq kg(-1) and between 521...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035274/the-strength-of-the-association-between-heterozygosity-and-probability-of-interannual-local-recruitment-increases-with-environmental-harshness-in-blue-tits
#10
Esperanza S Ferrer, Vicente García-Navas, Juan José Sanz, Joaquín Ortego
The extent of inbreeding depression and the magnitude of heterozygosity-fitness correlations (HFC) have been suggested to depend on the environmental context in which they are assayed, but little evidence is available for wild populations. We combine extensive molecular and capture-mark-recapture data from a blue tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) population to (1) analyze the relationship between heterozygosity and probability of interannual adult local recruitment and (2) test whether environmental stress imposed by physiologically suboptimal temperatures and rainfall influence the magnitude of HFC...
December 2016: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035155/effect-of-gelatinized-flour-fraction-on-thermal-and-rheological-properties-of-wheat-based-dough-and-bread
#11
H Carrillo-Navas, A Y Guadarrama-Lezama, E J Vernon-Carter, S García-Díaz, I Reyes, J Alvarez-Ramírez
This work considered gelatinized wheat flour fraction with properties similar to hydrocolloid to enhance the strength of dough network by improving water retention and rheological characteristics. The gelatinized (90 °C) fraction of the wheat flour was incorporated in the dough formulation at different levels (5, 10, and 20% w/w). The effects of the gelatinized flour (GF) fraction on the dough rheology and thermal properties were studied. The incorporation of GF induced a moderate increase of dough viscoelasticity and reduced the freezing and melting enthalpies...
November 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032869/obesidad-infantil-causas-consecuencias-y-soluciones
#12
S Navas-Carretero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005901/mapping-soil-transmitted-helminths-and-schistosomiasis-under-uncertainty-a-systematic-review-and-critical-appraisal-of-evidence
#13
Andrea L Araujo Navas, Nicholas A S Hamm, Ricardo J Soares Magalhães, Alfred Stein
BACKGROUND: Spatial modelling of STH and schistosomiasis epidemiology is now commonplace. Spatial epidemiological studies help inform decisions regarding the number of people at risk as well as the geographic areas that need to be targeted with mass drug administration; however, limited attention has been given to propagated uncertainties, their interpretation, and consequences for the mapped values. Using currently published literature on the spatial epidemiology of helminth infections we identified: (1) the main uncertainty sources, their definition and quantification and (2) how uncertainty is informative for STH programme managers and scientists working in this domain...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003510/racial-ethnic-differences-in-duration-of-smoking-among-former-smokers-in-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-surveys-nhanes
#14
Miranda R Jones, Corinne E Joshu, Ana Navas-Acien, Elizabeth A Platz
INTRODUCTION: The burden of tobacco-related disease is not uniformly distributed across racial/ethnic groups. Differences in smoking duration by race/ethnicity may contribute to this disparity. Previous studies have examined racial/ethnic differences in smoking duration among ever smokers (former and current smokers combined). It is unknown if racial/ethnic differences in smoking duration are evident among quitters. This study examined racial/ethnic differences in duration of smoking among former smokers in the U...
December 21, 2016: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002590/association-between-174g-c-and-572g-c-interleukin-6-gene-polymorphisms-and-severe-radiographic-damage-to-the-hands-of-mexican-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-preliminary-report
#15
S A Zavaleta-Muñiz, L Gonzalez-Lopez, J D Murillo-Vazquez, A M Saldaña-Cruz, M L Vazquez-Villegas, B T Martín-Márquez, J C Vasquez-Jimenez, F Sandoval-Garcia, A J Ruiz-Padilla, N S Fajardo-Robledo, J M Ponce-Guarneros, A D Rocha-Muñoz, M F Alcaraz-Lopez, D Cardona-Müller, S E Totsuka-Sutto, E D Rubio-Arellano, J I Gamez-Nava
Several interleukin 6 gene (IL6) polymorphisms are implicated in susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis (RA). It has not yet been established with certainty if these polymorphisms are associated with the severe radiographic damage observed in some RA patients, particularly those with the development of joint bone ankylosis (JBA). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association between severe radiographic damage in hands and the -174G/C and -572G/C IL6 polymorphisms in Mexican Mestizo people with RA...
December 19, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000989/circulating-biomarkers-of-neuroendocrine-prostate-cancer-an-unmet-challenge
#16
EDITORIAL
Pasquale Rescigno, Daniel Nava Rodrigues, Johann S de Bono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993830/secondhand-smoke-exposure-and-subclinical-cardiovascular-disease-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#17
Miranda R Jones, Hoda S Magid, Mahmoud Al-Rifai, John W McEvoy, Joel D Kaufman, Karen D Hinckley Stukovsky, Moyses Szklo, Joseph Polak, Gregory L Burke, Wendy S Post, Michael J Blaha, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the association between secondhand smoke (SHS) and subclinical cardiovascular disease among ethnically diverse populations. This study assesses the impact of SHS on inflammation and atherosclerosis (carotid intima-media thickness, coronary artery calcification, and peripheral arterial disease). METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 5032 nonsmoking adults aged 45 to 84 years without prior cardiovascular disease participating in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) from 2000 to 2002...
December 19, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970785/cost-of-dengue-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-dengue-vaccine-in-panama
#18
L N Garcia, L Cerezo, A Blas, S Alvarez, N Quiroz, A G Caicedo Navas, J G Lopez, C Vandeputte
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866854/source-apportionment-of-fine-and-coarse-particles-at-a-roadside-and-urban-background-site-in-london-during-the-2012-summer-clearflo-campaign
#19
Leigh R Crilley, Franco Lucarelli, William J Bloss, Roy M Harrison, David C Beddows, Giulia Calzolai, Silvia Nava, Gianluigi Valli, Vera Bernardoni, Roberta Vecchi
London, like many major cities, has a noted air pollution problem, and a better understanding of the sources of airborne particles in the different size fractions will facilitate the implementation and effectiveness of control strategies to reduce air pollution. Thus, the trace elemental composition of the fine and coarse fraction were analysed at hourly time resolution at urban background (North Kensington, NK) and roadside (Marylebone Road, MR) sites within central London. Unlike previous work, the current study focuses on measurements during the summer providing a snapshot of contributing sources, utilising the high time resolution to improve source identification...
January 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863816/incidence-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-a-cohort-of-young-adults-from-13-15-years-old-to-23-25-years-old-in-castellon-spain
#20
A Arnedo-Pena, Mª A Romeu-Gracia, J B Bellido-Blasco, N Meseguer-Ferrer, E Silvestre-Silvestre, F Conde, S Fernández-González, Mª A Dubon, M Ortuño-Forcada, J Fabregat-Puerto, C Fenollosa-Amposta, L Segura-Navas, Mª R Pac-Sa, L Museros-Recatala, A Vizcaino, R Tosca-Segura
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of Allergic Rhinitis (AR) in young adults and its risk or protective factors. METHODS: A population-based prospective cohort study was carried out in 2012. The cohort participated in the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood in Castellon in 1994 and 2002. A telephone survey was conducted using the same questionnaires. A new case of AR was defined as the participants free of the disease in 2002, who self-reported suffering from AR or taking medications for AR in the period 2002-2012...
November 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
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