keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

nava s

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590417/strategies-for-establishing-a-rearing-technique-for-the-fruit-fly-parasitoid-doryctobracon-brasiliensis-hymenoptera-braconidae
#1
S Poncio, A M Nunes, R D S Gonçalves, H Lisboa, R Manica-Berto, M S Garcia, D E Nava
Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is the most important pest in South American orchards. When control measures are not adopted, this pest can cause losses of up to 100%. Doryctobracon brasiliensis (Szépligeti) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is a larval-pupal endoparasitoid that can be used as a native biological control agent against A. fraterculus. This study aimed to develop a rearing technique for D. brasiliensis in larvae of A. fraterculus. Trials were carried out to: 1) determine the optimal instar for parasitism, 2) define the exposure time of larvae to parasitoids, 3) determine the density requirements of A...
March 26, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579867/multicentric-study-of-the-andalusian-experience-in-polycystic-liver-disease-as-indication-for-liver-transplantation
#2
S Dios-Barbeito, M Domínguez-Bastante, A Moreno-Navas, F J León-Díaz, Y Fundora-Suárez, F J Briceño-Delgado, M Pitarch-Martínez, M Á Gómez-Bravo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the morbidity and survival in patients with polycystic liver disease (PLD) undergoing liver transplantation (LT) in 4 Spanish hospitals. METHODS: A multicentric retrospective study using a prospective database was designed including 19 LTs after PLD diagnosis performed from January 1, 1990, to December 31, 2016. Pediatric patients were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: Of the included patients, 63...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579798/approach-of-social-groups-with-little-sensitization-to-organ-donation-pilot-study-in-the-gypsy-population-to-assess-the-best-approach-to-determine-the-attitude-toward-organ-donation-for-transplantation
#3
A Ríos, S López-Gómez, A I López-Navas, J Belmonte, Á Sánchez, L Martínez-Alarcón, A M Hernández, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
BACKGROUND: There are social groups with very low donation rates, and action is needed to try to reverse this situation. The goal of this study was to determine which approach is the best to use with the gypsy population in Spain to determine their attitude toward organ donation. METHODS: The study population screened was the adult gypsy population resident in Spain. An attitude questionnaire regarding organ donation for transplant ("PCID-DTO Ríos: Questionnaire of "Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante" about Organ Donation and Transplant [developed by Dr...
March 2018: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574747/wiedemann-steiner-syndrome-as-a-major-cause-of-syndromic-intellectual-disability-a-study-of-33-french-cases
#4
S Baer, A Afenjar, T Smol, A Piton, B Gérard, Y Alembik, T Bienvenu, G Boursier, O Boute, C Colson, M-P Cordier, V Cormier-Daire, B Delobel, M Doco-Fenzy, B Duban-Bedu, M Fradin, D Geneviève, A Goldenberg, M Grelet, D Haye, D Heron, B Isidor, B Keren, D Lacombe, A-S Lèbre, G Lesca, A Masurel, M Mathieu-Dramard, C Nava, L Pasquier, A Petit, N Philip, J Piard, S Rondeau, P Saugier-Veber, S Sukno, J Thevenon, J Van-Gils, C Vincent-Delorme, M Willems, E Schaefer, G Morin
Wiedemann-Steiner syndrome (WSS) is a rare syndromic condition in which ID is associated with hypertrichosis cubiti, short stature, and characteristic facies. Following the identification of the causative gene (KMT2A) in 2012, only 31 cases of WSS have been described precisely in the literature. We report on 33 French individuals with a KMT2A mutation confirmed by targeted gene sequencing, high-throughput sequencing or exome sequencing. Patients' molecular and clinical features were recorded and compared with the literature data...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555663/targeting-bromodomain-and-extra-terminal-bet-family-proteins-in-castration-resistant-prostate-cancer-crpc
#5
Jonathan Welti, Adam Sharp, Wei Yuan, David I Dolling, Daniel Nava Rodrigues, Ines Figueiredo, Veronica Gil, Antje Neeb, Matthew Clarke, George Seed, Mateus Crespo, Semini Sumanasuriya, Jian Ning, Eleanor Knight, Jeffrey C Francis, Ashley Hughes, Wendy S Halsey, Alec Paschalis, Ram S Mani, Ganesh V Raj, Steve Plymate, Suzanne Carreira, Gunther Boysen, Arul M Chinnaiyan, Amanda Swain, Johann S de Bono
PURPOSE:  Persistent androgen receptor (AR) signaling drives castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and confers resistance to AR targeting therapies. Novel therapeutic strategies to overcome this are urgently required. We evaluated how bromodomain and extra-terminal (BET) protein inhibitors (BETi) abrogate aberrant AR signaling in CRPC. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN:  We determined associations between BET expression, AR driven transcription and patient outcome; and the effect and mechanism by which chemical BETi (JQ1 and GSK1210151A; I-BET151) and BET family protein knockdown regulates AR-V7 expression and AR signaling in prostate cancer (PC) models...
March 19, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543696/global-variation-in-use-of-enteral-nutrition-for-pediatric-crohn-disease
#6
Morgan Lawley, Jessica W Wu, Victor M Navas-López, Hien Q Huynh, Matthew W Carroll, Min Chen, Pavel Medvedev, Andrew S Day, Séamus Hussey, Rotem Sigall-Boneh, Arie Levine, Eytan Wine
OBJECTIVES: Exclusive enteral nutrition (EEN) is an effective induction treatment for pediatric Crohn disease. Given the center-based variation in use and diversity in practice we constructed a survey aimed at sharing experience and strategies in administering EEN, stimulating further research, and optimizing therapy. METHODS: This survey was constructed after consultation with experts and designed to address key knowledge gaps. The survey was disseminated through the Paediatric IBD Porto Group of ESPGHAN, Canadian Children IBD Network, selective experts, and was sent twice through the PEDGI-BB...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514072/nicotinamide-improves-aspects-of-healthspan-but-not-lifespan-in-mice
#7
Sarah J Mitchell, Michel Bernier, Miguel A Aon, Sonia Cortassa, Eun Young Kim, Evandro F Fang, Hector H Palacios, Ahmed Ali, Ignacio Navas-Enamorado, Andrea Di Francesco, Tamzin A Kaiser, Tyler B Waltz, Ning Zhang, James L Ellis, Peter J Elliott, David W Frederick, Vilhelm A Bohr, Mark S Schmidt, Charles Brenner, David A Sinclair, Anthony A Sauve, Joseph A Baur, Rafael de Cabo
The role in longevity and healthspan of nicotinamide (NAM), the physiological precursor of NAD+ , is elusive. Here, we report that chronic NAM supplementation improves healthspan measures in mice without extending lifespan. Untargeted metabolite profiling of the liver and metabolic flux analysis of liver-derived cells revealed NAM-mediated improvement in glucose homeostasis in mice on a high-fat diet (HFD) that was associated with reduced hepatic steatosis and inflammation concomitant with increased glycogen deposition and flux through the pentose phosphate and glycolytic pathways...
March 6, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511999/med13l-related-intellectual-disability-involvement-of-missense-variants-and-delineation-of-the-phenotype
#8
T Smol, F Petit, A Piton, B Keren, D Sanlaville, A Afenjar, S Baker, E C Bedoukian, E J Bhoj, D Bonneau, E Boudry-Labis, S Bouquillon, O Boute-Benejean, R Caumes, N Chatron, C Colson, C Coubes, C Coutton, F Devillard, A Dieux-Coeslier, M Doco-Fenzy, L J Ewans, L Faivre, E Fassi, M Field, C Fournier, C Francannet, D Genevieve, I Giurgea, A Goldenberg, A K Green, A M Guerrot, D Heron, B Isidor, B A Keena, B L Krock, P Kuentz, E Lapi, N Le Meur, G Lesca, D Li, I Marey, C Mignot, C Nava, A Nesbitt, G Nicolas, C Roche-Lestienne, T Roscioli, V Satre, A Santani, M Stefanova, S Steinwall Larsen, P Saugier-Veber, S Picker-Minh, C Thuillier, A Verloes, G Vieville, M Wenzel, M Willems, S Whalen, Y A Zarate, A Ziegler, S Manouvrier-Hanu, V M Kalscheuer, B Gerard, Jamal Ghoumid
Molecular anomalies in MED13L, leading to haploinsufficiency, have been reported in patients with moderate to severe intellectual disability (ID) and distinct facial features, with or without congenital heart defects. Phenotype of the patients was referred to "MED13L haploinsufficiency syndrome." Missense variants in MED13L were already previously described to cause the MED13L-related syndrome, but only in a limited number of patients. Here we report 36 patients with MED13L molecular anomaly, recruited through an international collaboration between centers of expertise for developmental anomalies...
March 6, 2018: Neurogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487435/thermodynamic-sorption-analysis-and-glass-transition-temperature-of-faba-bean-vicia-faba-l-protein
#9
E Alpizar-Reyes, J Castaño, H Carrillo-Navas, J Alvarez-Ramírez, R Gallardo-Rivera, C Pérez-Alonso, A Y Guadarrama-Lezama
Freeze-dried faba bean ( Vicia faba L.) protein adsorption isotherms were determined at 25, 35 and 40 °C and fitted with the Guggenheim-Anderson-de Boer model. The pore radius of protein was in the range of 0.87-6.44 nm, so that they were considered as micropores and mesopores. The minimum integral entropy ranged between 4.33 and 4.44 kg H2 O/100 kg d.s., was regarded as the point of maximum of stability. The glass transition temperature of the protein equilibrated at the different conditions of storage was determined, showing that the protein remained in glassy state for all cases...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486463/genetic-variation-in-genes-underlying-diverse-dementias-may-explain-a-small-proportion-of-cases-in-the-alzheimer-s-disease-sequencing-project
#10
Elizabeth E Blue, Joshua C Bis, Michael O Dorschner, Debby W Tsuang, Sandra M Barral, Gary Beecham, Jennifer E Below, William S Bush, Mariusz Butkiewicz, Carlos Cruchaga, Anita DeStefano, Lindsay A Farrer, Alison Goate, Jonathan Haines, Jim Jaworski, Gyungah Jun, Brian Kunkle, Amanda Kuzma, Jenny J Lee, Kathryn L Lunetta, Yiyi Ma, Eden Martin, Adam Naj, Alejandro Q Nato, Patrick Navas, Hiep Nguyen, Christiane Reitz, Dolly Reyes, William Salerno, Gerard D Schellenberg, Sudha Seshadri, Harkirat Sohi, Timothy A Thornton, Otto Valadares, Cornelia van Duijn, Badri N Vardarajan, Li-San Wang, Eric Boerwinkle, Josée Dupuis, Margaret A Pericak-Vance, Richard Mayeux, Ellen M Wijsman
BACKGROUND/AIMS: The Alzheimer's Disease Sequencing Project (ADSP) aims to identify novel genes influencing Alzheimer's disease (AD). Variants within genes known to cause dementias other than AD have previously been associated with AD risk. We describe evidence of co-segregation and associations between variants in dementia genes and clinically diagnosed AD within the ADSP. METHODS: We summarize the properties of known pathogenic variants within dementia genes, describe the co-segregation of variants annotated as "pathogenic" in ClinVar and new candidates observed in ADSP families, and test for associations between rare variants in dementia genes in the ADSP case-control study...
February 27, 2018: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485903/metabolic-and-molecular-framework-for-the-enhancement-of-endurance-by-intermittent-food-deprivation
#11
Krisztina Marosi, Keelin Moehl, Ignacio Navas-Enamorado, Sarah J Mitchell, Yongqing Zhang, Elin Lehrmann, Miguel A Aon, Sonia Cortassa, Kevin G Becker, Mark P Mattson
Evolutionary considerations suggest that the body has been optimized to perform at a high level in the food-deprived state when fatty acids and their ketone metabolites are a major fuel source for muscle cells. Because controlled food deprivation in laboratory animals and intermittent energy restriction in humans is a potent physiologic stimulus for ketosis, we designed a study to determine the impact of intermittent food deprivation during endurance training on performance and to elucidate the underlying cellular and molecular mechanisms...
February 27, 2018: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471620/augmented-reality-for-breast-imaging
#12
Alberto Rancati, Claudio Angrigiani, Maurizio B Nava, Giuseppe Catanuto, Nicola Rocco, Fernando Ventrice, Julio Dorr
BACKGROUND: Augmented reality (AR) enables the superimposition of virtual reality reconstructions onto clinical images of a real patient, in real time. This allows visualization of internal structures through overlying tissues, thereby providing a virtual transparency vision of surgical anatomy. AR has been applied to neurosurgery, which utilizes a relatively fixed space, frames, and bony references; the application of AR facilitates the relationship between virtual and real data. Augmented Breast imaging (ABI) is described...
February 21, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29469189/incorporation-of-gsta1-genetic-variations-into-a-population-pharmacokinetic-model-for-iv-busulfan-in-paediatric-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#13
T Nava, N Kassir, M A Rezgui, C R S Uppugunduri, P Huezo-Diaz Curtis, M Duval, Y Théoret Y, L E Daudt, C Litalien, M Ansari, M Krajinovic, H Bittencourt
AIMS: To develop a population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model for intravenous busulfan in children that incorporates variants of GSTA1, gene coding for the main enzyme in busulfan imetabolism. METHODS: Busulfan concentration-time data was collected from 112 children and adolescents (median 5.4 years old, range: 0.1 to 20) who received intravenous busulfan during the conditioning regimen prior to stem cell transplantation. Weight, sex, baseline disease (malignant vs...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399824/atlantic-mammal-traits-a-data-set-of-morphological-traits-of-mammals-in-the-atlantic-forest-of-south-america
#14
Fernando Gonçalves, Ricardo S Bovendorp, Gabrielle Beca, Carolina Bello, Raul Costa-Pereira, Renata L Muylaert, Raisa R Rodarte, Nacho Villar, Rafael Souza, Maurício E Graipel, Jorge J Cherem, Deborah Faria, Julio Baumgarten, Martín R Alvarez, Emerson M Vieira, Nilton Cáceres, Renata Pardini, Yuri L R Leite, Leonora P Costa, Marco A R Mello, Erich Fischer, Fernando C Passos, Luiz H Varzinczak, Jayme A Prevedello, Ariovaldo P Cruz-Neto, Fernando Carvalho, Alexandre R Percequillo, Agustin Paviolo, Alessandra Nava, José M B Duarte, Noé U de la Sancha, Enrico Bernard, Ronaldo G Morato, Juliana F Ribeiro, Rafael G Becker, Gabriela Paise, Paulo S Tomasi, Felipe Vélez-Garcia, Geruza L Melo, Jonas Sponchiado, Felipe Cerezer, Marília A S Barros, Albérico Q S de Souza, Cinthya C Dos Santos, Gastón A F Giné, Patricia Kerches-Rogeri, Marcelo M Weber, Guilherme Ambar, Lucía V Cabrera-Martinez, Alan Eriksson, Maurício Silveira, Carolina F Santos, Lucas Alves, Eder Barbier, Gabriela C Rezende, Guilherme S T Garbino, Élson O Rios, Adna Silva, Alexandre Túlio A Nascimento, Rodrigo S de Carvalho, Anderson Feijó, Juan Arrabal, Ilaria Agostini, Daniela Lamattina, Sebastian Costa, Ezequiel Vanderhoeven, Fabiano R de Melo, Plautino de Oliveira Laroque, Leandro Jerusalinsky, Mônica M Valença-Montenegro, Amely B Martins, Gabriela Ludwig, Renata B de Azevedo, Agustin Anzóategui, Marina X da Silva, Marcela Figuerêdo Duarte Moraes, Alexandre Vogliotti, Andressa Gatti, Thomas Püttker, Camila S Barros, Thais K Martins, Alexine Keuroghlian, Donald P Eaton, Carolina L Neves, Marcelo S Nardi, Caryne Braga, Pablo R Gonçalves, Ana Carolina Srbek-Araujo, Poliana Mendes, João A de Oliveira, Fábio A M Soares, Patrício A Rocha, Peter Crawshaw, Milton C Ribeiro, Mauro Galetti
Measures of traits are the basis of functional biological diversity. Numerous works consider mean species-level measures of traits while ignoring individual variance within species. However, there is a large amount of variation within species and it is increasingly apparent that it is important to consider trait variation not only between species, but also within species. Mammals are an interesting group for investigating trait-based approaches because they play diverse and important ecological functions (e...
February 2018: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380169/ticks-infesting-cattle-and-humans-in-the-yungas-biogeographic-province-of-argentina-with-notes-on-the-presence-of-tick-borne-bacteria
#15
María N Saracho-Bottero, Evelina L Tarragona, Patrick S Sebastian, José M Venzal, Atilio J Mangold, Alberto A Guglielmone, Santiago Nava
This study was performed to determine the tick species that infest cattle and humans throughout an altitudinal gradient in the Yungas Biogeographic Province of Argentina. The presence of tick-borne bacteria of the genera Rickettsia, Ehrlichia and Borrelia in the collected ticks was also evaluated. Samples of ticks parasitizing cattle and humans were carried out in different seasons. Questing ticks (adults and nymphs) were collected from vegetation and analyzed to detect the presence of Rickettsia, Ehrlichia and Borrelia by a battery of different PCRs...
January 27, 2018: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368343/ecological-characterization-of-a-tick-community-across-a-landscape-gradient-exhibiting-differential-anthropogenic-disturbance-in-the-atlantic-forest-ecoregion-in-argentina
#16
D Lamattina, J M Venzal, S A Costa, J P Arrabal, S Flores, P E Berrozpe, D González-Acuña, A A Guglielmone, S Nava
An ecological analysis of a tick (Ixodida: Ixodidae) community across a landscape gradient presenting differential anthropogenic disturbance in the Atlantic Forest ecoregion in Argentina was performed. Ticks were collected from vegetation and hosts between September 2014 and August 2016. A total of 12 697 free-living ticks and 3347 specimens from hosts were collected, including 317 ticks infesting humans. The values obtained show considerable species diversity in the forest environment accompanied by low equitability...
January 25, 2018: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352964/c24-hydroxylated-stigmastane-derivatives-as-liver-x-receptor-agonists
#17
Francisco Fermin Castro Navas, Gianluca Giorgi, Daniela Maggioni, Manuela Pacciarini, Vincenzo Russo, Maura Marinozzi
Phytosterols are stucturally correlated to the endogenous ligands of Liver X Receptor (LXR), a ligand-activated nuclear receptor that has emerged as an attractive drug target due to its ability to integrate metabolic and inflammatory signaling. Natural and semi-synthetic phytosterol derivatives characterized by the presence of side-chain oxygenated functions have shown to be able to modulate LXR activity. Here, we describe the efficient synthesis of four stigmastane derivatives, endowed with a hydroxyl group at C24 position, namely (24R)- and (24S)-stigmasta-5,28-diene-3β,24-ols (also referred to as saringosterols, 10a and 10b) and (24R)- and (24S)-stigmasta-5-ene-3β,24-ols (11a and 11b), starting from the readily available stigmasterol...
January 17, 2018: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342184/species-delimitation-in-the-stenocereus-griseus-cactaceae-species-complex-reveals-a-new-species-s-huastecorum
#18
Hernán Alvarado-Sizzo, Alejandro Casas, Fabiola Parra, Hilda Julieta Arreola-Nava, Teresa Terrazas, Cristian Sánchez
The Stenocereus griseus species complex (SGSC) has long been considered taxonomically challenging because the number of taxa belonging to the complex and their geographical boundaries remain poorly understood. Bayesian clustering and genetic distance-based methods were used based on nine microsatellite loci in 377 individuals of three main putative species of the complex. The resulting genetic clusters were assessed for ecological niche divergence and areolar morphology, particularly spination patterns. We based our species boundaries on concordance between genetic, ecological, and morphological data, and were able to resolve four species, three of them corresponding to S...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323933/cardioventilatory-control-in-preterm-born-children-and-the-risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Keren Armoni Domany, Md Monir Hossain, Leonardo Nava-Guerra, Michael C Khoo, Keith McConnell, John L Carroll, Yuanfang Xu, Mark DiFrancesco, Raouf S Amin
Rationale The contribution of ventilatory control to the pathogenesis of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in preterm born children is unknown. Objectives To characterize phenotypes of ventilatory control that are associated with the presence of OSA in preterm born children during early childhood. Methods Preterm and term born children without comorbid conditions were enrolled. They were categorized into OSA group and non-OSA group based on polysomnography. Measurements Loop gain, controller gain and plant gain, reflecting ventilatory instability, chemoreceptor sensitivity and blood gas response to a change in ventilation, respectively, were estimated from spontaneous sighs identified during polysomnography...
January 11, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315614/defining-the-phenotypic-spectrum-of-slc6a1-mutations
#20
Katrine M Johannesen, Elena Gardella, Tarja Linnankivi, Carolina Courage, Anne de Saint Martin, Anna-Elina Lehesjoki, Cyril Mignot, Alexandra Afenjar, Gaetan Lesca, Marie-Thérèse Abi-Warde, Jamel Chelly, Amélie Piton, J Lawrence Merritt, Lance H Rodan, Wen-Hann Tan, Lynne M Bird, Mark Nespeca, Joseph G Gleeson, Yongjin Yoo, Murim Choi, Jong-Hee Chae, Desiree Czapansky-Beilman, Sara Chadwick Reichert, Manuela Pendziwiat, Judith S Verhoeven, Helenius J Schelhaas, Orrin Devinsky, Jakob Christensen, Nicola Specchio, Marina Trivisano, Yvonne G Weber, Caroline Nava, Boris Keren, Diane Doummar, Elise Schaefer, Sarah Hopkins, Holly Dubbs, Jessica E Shaw, Laura Pisani, Candace T Myers, Sha Tang, Shan Tang, Deb K Pal, John J Millichap, Gemma L Carvill, Kathrine L Helbig, Oriano Mecarelli, Pasquale Striano, Ingo Helbig, Guido Rubboli, Heather C Mefford, Rikke S Møller
OBJECTIVE: Pathogenic SLC6A1 variants were recently described in patients with myoclonic atonic epilepsy (MAE) and intellectual disability (ID). We set out to define the phenotypic spectrum in a larger cohort of SCL6A1-mutated patients. METHODS: We collected 24 SLC6A1 probands and 6 affected family members. Four previously published cases were included for further electroclinical description. In total, we reviewed the electroclinical data of 34 subjects. RESULTS: Cognitive development was impaired in 33/34 (97%) subjects; 28/34 had mild to moderate ID, with language impairment being the most common feature...
February 2018: Epilepsia
keyword
keyword
106373
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"