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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866854/source-apportionment-of-fine-and-coarse-particles-at-a-roadside-and-urban-background-site-in-london-during-the-2012-summer-clearflo-campaign
#1
Leigh R Crilley, Franco Lucarelli, William J Bloss, Roy M Harrison, David C Beddows, Giulia Calzolai, Silvia Nava, Gianluigi Valli, Vera Bernardoni, Roberta Vecchi
London, like many major cities, has a noted air pollution problem, and a better understanding of the sources of airborne particles in the different size fractions will facilitate the implementation and effectiveness of control strategies to reduce air pollution. Thus, the trace elemental composition of the fine and coarse fraction were analysed at hourly time resolution at urban background (North Kensington, NK) and roadside (Marylebone Road, MR) sites within central London. Unlike previous work, the current study focuses on measurements during the summer providing a snapshot of contributing sources, utilising the high time resolution to improve source identification...
November 17, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863816/incidence-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-a-cohort-of-young-adults-from-13-15-years-old-to-23-25-years-old-in-castellon-spain
#2
A Arnedo-Pena, Mª A Romeu-Gracia, J B Bellido-Blasco, N Meseguer-Ferrer, E Silvestre-Silvestre, F Conde, S Fernández-González, Mª A Dubon, M Ortuño-Forcada, J Fabregat-Puerto, C Fenollosa-Amposta, L Segura-Navas, Mª R Pac-Sa, L Museros-Recatala, A Vizcaino, R Tosca-Segura
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to estimate the incidence of Allergic Rhinitis (AR) in young adults and its risk or protective factors. METHODS: A population-based prospective cohort study was carried out in 2012. The cohort participated in the International Study of Asthma and Allergy in Childhood in Castellon in 1994 and 2002. A telephone survey was conducted using the same questionnaires. A new case of AR was defined as the participants free of the disease in 2002, who self-reported suffering from AR or taking medications for AR in the period 2002-2012...
November 15, 2016: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858429/testing-hadronic-interactions-at-ultrahigh-energies-with-air-showers-measured-by-the-pierre-auger-observatory
#3
A Aab, P Abreu, M Aglietta, E J Ahn, I Al Samarai, I F M Albuquerque, I Allekotte, J D Allen, P Allison, A Almela, J Alvarez Castillo, J Alvarez-Muñiz, M Ambrosio, G A Anastasi, L Anchordoqui, B Andrada, S Andringa, C Aramo, F Arqueros, N Arsene, H Asorey, P Assis, J Aublin, G Avila, A M Badescu, C Baus, J J Beatty, K H Becker, J A Bellido, C Berat, M E Bertaina, X Bertou, P L Biermann, P Billoir, J Biteau, S G Blaess, A Blanco, J Blazek, C Bleve, H Blümer, M Boháčová, D Boncioli, C Bonifazi, N Borodai, A M Botti, J Brack, I Brancus, T Bretz, A Bridgeman, F L Briechle, P Buchholz, A Bueno, S Buitink, M Buscemi, K S Caballero-Mora, B Caccianiga, L Caccianiga, A Cancio, F Canfora, L Caramete, R Caruso, A Castellina, G Cataldi, L Cazon, R Cester, A G Chavez, A Chiavassa, J A Chinellato, J C Chirinos Diaz, J Chudoba, R W Clay, R Colalillo, A Coleman, L Collica, M R Coluccia, R Conceição, F Contreras, M J Cooper, S Coutu, C E Covault, J Cronin, R Dallier, S D'Amico, B Daniel, S Dasso, K Daumiller, B R Dawson, R M de Almeida, S J de Jong, G De Mauro, J R T de Mello Neto, I De Mitri, J de Oliveira, V de Souza, J Debatin, L Del Peral, O Deligny, N Dhital, C Di Giulio, A Di Matteo, M L Díaz Castro, F Diogo, C Dobrigkeit, J C D'Olivo, A Dorofeev, R C Dos Anjos, M T Dova, A Dundovic, J Ebr, R Engel, M Erdmann, M Erfani, C O Escobar, J Espadanal, A Etchegoyen, H Falcke, K Fang, G R Farrar, A C Fauth, N Fazzini, A P Ferguson, B Fick, J M Figueira, A Filevich, A Filipčič, O Fratu, M M Freire, T Fujii, A Fuster, F Gallo, B García, D Garcia-Pinto, F Gate, H Gemmeke, A Gherghel-Lascu, P L Ghia, U Giaccari, M Giammarchi, M Giller, D Głas, C Glaser, H Glass, G Golup, M Gómez Berisso, P F Gómez Vitale, N González, B Gookin, J Gordon, A Gorgi, P Gorham, P Gouffon, N Griffith, A F Grillo, T D Grubb, F Guarino, G P Guedes, M R Hampel, P Hansen, D Harari, T A Harrison, J L Harton, Q Hasankiadeh, A Haungs, T Hebbeker, D Heck, P Heimann, A E Herve, G C Hill, C Hojvat, N Hollon, E Holt, P Homola, J R Hörandel, P Horvath, M Hrabovský, T Huege, J Hulsman, A Insolia, P G Isar, I Jandt, S Jansen, C Jarne, J A Johnsen, M Josebachuili, A Kääpä, O Kambeitz, K H Kampert, P Kasper, I Katkov, B Keilhauer, E Kemp, R M Kieckhafer, H O Klages, M Kleifges, J Kleinfeller, R Krause, N Krohm, D Kuempel, G Kukec Mezek, N Kunka, A Kuotb Awad, D LaHurd, L Latronico, M Lauscher, P Lautridou, P Lebrun, R Legumina, M A Leigui de Oliveira, A Letessier-Selvon, I Lhenry-Yvon, K Link, L Lopes, R López, A López Casado, A Lucero, M Malacari, M Mallamaci, D Mandat, P Mantsch, A G Mariazzi, V Marin, I C Mariş, G Marsella, D Martello, H Martinez, O Martínez Bravo, J J Masías Meza, H J Mathes, S Mathys, J Matthews, J A J Matthews, G Matthiae, D Maurizio, E Mayotte, P O Mazur, C Medina, G Medina-Tanco, V B B Mello, D Melo, A Menshikov, S Messina, M I Micheletti, L Middendorf, I A Minaya, L Miramonti, B Mitrica, L Molina-Bueno, S Mollerach, F Montanet, C Morello, M Mostafá, C A Moura, G Müller, M A Muller, S Müller, I Naranjo, S Navas, P Necesal, L Nellen, A Nelles, J Neuser, P H Nguyen, M Niculescu-Oglinzanu, M Niechciol, L Niemietz, T Niggemann, D Nitz, D Nosek, V Novotny, H Nožka, L A Núñez, L Ochilo, F Oikonomou, A Olinto, D Pakk Selmi-Dei, M Palatka, J Pallotta, P Papenbreer, G Parente, A Parra, T Paul, M Pech, F Pedreira, J Pękala, R Pelayo, J Peña-Rodriguez, I M Pepe, L A S Pereira, L Perrone, E Petermann, C Peters, S Petrera, J Phuntsok, R Piegaia, T Pierog, P Pieroni, M Pimenta, V Pirronello, M Platino, M Plum, C Porowski, R R Prado, P Privitera, M Prouza, E J Quel, S Querchfeld, S Quinn, J Rautenberg, O Ravel, D Ravignani, B Revenu, J Ridky, M Risse, P Ristori, V Rizi, W Rodrigues de Carvalho, J Rodriguez Rojo, M D Rodríguez-Frías, D Rogozin, J Rosado, M Roth, E Roulet, A C Rovero, S J Saffi, A Saftoiu, H Salazar, A Saleh, F Salesa Greus, G Salina, J D Sanabria Gomez, F Sánchez, P Sanchez-Lucas, E M Santos, E Santos, F Sarazin, B Sarkar, R Sarmento, C Sarmiento-Cano, R Sato, C Scarso, M Schauer, V Scherini, H Schieler, D Schmidt, O Scholten, H Schoorlemmer, P Schovánek, F G Schröder, A Schulz, J Schulz, J Schumacher, S J Sciutto, A Segreto, M Settimo, A Shadkam, R C Shellard, G Sigl, O Sima, A Śmiałkowski, R Šmída, G R Snow, P Sommers, S Sonntag, J Sorokin, R Squartini, D Stanca, S Stanič, J Stapleton, J Stasielak, F Strafella, A Stutz, F Suarez, M Suarez Durán, T Sudholz, T Suomijärvi, A D Supanitsky, M S Sutherland, J Swain, Z Szadkowski, O A Taborda, A Tapia, A Tepe, V M Theodoro, C Timmermans, C J Todero Peixoto, L Tomankova, B Tomé, A Tonachini, G Torralba Elipe, D Torres Machado, P Travnicek, M Trini, R Ulrich, M Unger, M Urban, A Valbuena-Delgado, J F Valdés Galicia, I Valiño, L Valore, G van Aar, P van Bodegom, A M van den Berg, A van Vliet, E Varela, B Vargas Cárdenas, G Varner, J R Vázquez, R A Vázquez, D Veberič, V Verzi, J Vicha, M Videla, L Villaseñor, S Vorobiov, H Wahlberg, O Wainberg, D Walz, A A Watson, M Weber, A Weindl, L Wiencke, H Wilczyński, T Winchen, D Wittkowski, B Wundheiler, S Wykes, L Yang, T Yapici, D Yelos, E Zas, D Zavrtanik, M Zavrtanik, A Zepeda, B Zimmermann, M Ziolkowski, Z Zong, F Zuccarello
Ultrahigh energy cosmic ray air showers probe particle physics at energies beyond the reach of accelerators. Here we introduce a new method to test hadronic interaction models without relying on the absolute energy calibration, and apply it to events with primary energy 6-16 EeV (E_{CM}=110-170  TeV), whose longitudinal development and lateral distribution were simultaneously measured by the Pierre Auger Observatory. The average hadronic shower is 1.33±0.16 (1.61±0.21) times larger than predicted using the leading LHC-tuned models EPOS-LHC (QGSJetII-04), with a corresponding excess of muons...
November 4, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829048/remarkable-diversity-and-prevalence-of-dagger-nematodes-of-the-genus-xiphinema-cobb-1913-nematoda-longidoridae-in-olives-revealed-by-integrative-approaches
#4
Antonio Archidona-Yuste, Juan A Navas-Cortés, Carolina Cantalapiedra-Navarrete, Juan E Palomares-Rius, Pablo Castillo
The genus Xiphinema includes a remarkable group of invertebrates of the phylum Nematoda comprising ectoparasitic animals of many wild and cultivated plants. Damage is caused by direct feeding on root cells and by vectoring nepoviruses that cause diseases on several crops. Precise identification of Xiphinema species is critical for launching appropriate control measures. We make available the first detailed information on the diversity and distribution of Xiphinema species infesting wild and cultivated olive in a wide-region in southern Spain that included 211 locations from which 453 sampling sites were analyzed...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812828/bacteria-of-the-genera-ehrlichia-and-rickettsia-in-ticks-of-the-family-ixodidae-with-medical-importance-in-argentina
#5
Patrick S Sebastian, Evelina L Tarragona, María N Saracho Bottero, Atilio J Mangold, Ute Mackenstedt, Santiago Nava
The aim of this study was to get an overview about the occurrence of bacteria from the genus Ehrlichia and Rickettsia in ixodid ticks with medical importance in Argentina. Therefore, in 2013 and 2014, free-living ticks were collected in different provinces of northern Argentina. These ticks were determined as Amblyomma sculptum, Amblyomma neumanni, Amblyomma parvum, Amblyomma triste, Amblyomma ovale, Amblyomma tonelliae and Haemaphysalis juxtakochi. All samples were tested to determine the infection with Ehrlichia spp...
November 3, 2016: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769763/fast-and-automatic-identification-of-particle-tilt-pairs-based-on-delaunay-triangulation
#6
J L Vilas, J Navas, J Gómez-Blanco, J M de la Rosa-Trevín, R Melero, I Peschiera, I Ferlenghi, J Cuenca, R Marabini, J M Carazo, J Vargas, C O S Sorzano
Random conical tilt (RCT) and orthogonal tilt reconstruction (OTR) are two remarkable methods for reconstructing the three-dimensional structure of macromolecules at low resolution. These techniques use two images at two different sample tilts. One of the most demanding steps in these methods at the image processing level is to identify corresponding particles on both micrographs, and manual or semiautomatic matching methods are usually used. Here we present an approach to solve this bottleneck with a fully automatic method for assigning particle tilt pairs...
December 2016: Journal of Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747901/population-dynamics-of-the-cattle-tick-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-in-a-subtropical-subhumid-region-of-argentina-for-use-in-the-design-of-control-strategies
#7
J T Canevari, A J Mangold, A A Guglielmone, S Nava
The population dynamics of Rhipicephalus microplus (Ixodida: Ixodidae) in northwest Argentina was analysed to support the design of strategic methods for its control. Both parasitic and non-parasitic phases were studied. The seasonal activity of R. microplus in its parasitic phase was characterized by three peaks in abundance: the first in mid-late spring; the second in summer, and the third in autumn. The non-parasitic phase of R. microplus was characterized by a long total non-parasitic period observed after exposures of females from mid-summer to early autumn, a short total non-parasitic period observed after exposures of females from late winter to late spring, a short period of larval longevity in early and mid-summer, and no hatch of the eggs produced by females exposed in mid- and late autumn and winter...
October 16, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738630/the-174g-c-interleukin-6-gene-promoter-polymorphism-as-a-genetic-marker-of-differences-in-therapeutic-response-to-methotrexate-and-leflunomide-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#8
A J Ruiz-Padilla, J I Gamez-Nava, A M Saldaña-Cruz, J D Murillo-Vazquez, M L Vazquez-Villegas, S A Zavaleta-Muñiz, B T Martín-Márquez, J M Ponce-Guarneros, N A Rodriguez Jimenez, A Flores-Chavez, F Sandoval-Garcia, J C Vasquez-Jimenez, E G Cardona-Muñoz, S E Totsuka-Sutto, L Gonzalez-Lopez
Objective. To evaluate the association of -174G/C IL-6 polymorphism with failure in therapeutic response to methotrexate (MTX) or leflunomide (LEF). This prospective, observational cohort included 96 Mexican-Mestizo patients with moderate or severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA), initiating MTX or LEF, genotyped for IL-6 -174G/C polymorphism by PCR-RFLP. Therapeutic response was strictly defined: only if patients achieved remission or low disease activity (DAS-28 < 3.2). Results. Patients with MTX or LEF had significant decrement in DAS-28 (p < 0...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738055/a-novel-calcium-dependent-kinase-inhibitor-1517-cures-cryptosporidiosis-in-immunosuppressed-mice
#9
A Castellanos-Gonzalez, H Sparks, S Nava, W Huang, Z Zhang, K Rivas, M Hulverson, L Barrett, K K Ojo, E Fan, W C Van Voorhis, A C White
Cryptosporidium is recognized as one of the main causes of childhood diarrhea worldwide. However, the current treatment for cryptosporidiosis is suboptimal. Calcium flux is essential for entry in apicomplexan parasites. Calcium dependent protein kinases (CDPKs) are distinct from protein kinases of mammals, and the CDPK1 of the apicomplexan Cryptosporidium lack side-chains that typically block a hydrophobic pocket in protein kinases. We exploited this to develop bumped kinase inhibitors (BKI) that selectively target CDPK1...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735790/poultry-consumption-and-arsenic-exposure-in-the-u-s-population
#10
Anne E Nigra, Keeve E Nachman, David C Love, Maria Grau-Perez, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Arsenicals (roxarsone and nitarsone) used in poultry production likely increase inorganic arsenic (iAs), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), dimethylarsinic acid (DMA), and roxarsone or nitarsone concentrations in poultry meat. The association between poultry intake and exposure to these arsenic species, as reflected in elevated urinary arsenic concentrations, however, is unknown. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the association between 24-hour dietary recall of poultry consumption and arsenic exposure in the U...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735789/nitarsone-inorganic-arsenic-and-other-arsenic-species-in-turkey-meat-exposure-and-risk-assessment-based-on-a-2014-u-s-market-basket-sample
#11
Keeve E Nachman, David C Love, Patrick A Baron, Anne E Nigra, Manuela Murko, Georg Raber, Kevin A Francesconi, Ana Navas-Acien
BACKGROUND: Use of nitarsone, an arsenic-based poultry drug, may result in dietary exposures to inorganic arsenic (iAs) and other arsenic species. Nitarsone was withdrawn from the US market in 2015, but use in other countries may continue. OBJECTIVES: Characterize the impact of nitarsone use on arsenic species in turkey meat and arsenic exposures among turkey consumers, and estimate cancer risk increases from consuming turkey treated with nitarsone prior to its 2015 US withdrawal...
October 13, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718503/immunohistochemical-analysis-of-t-type-calcium-channels-in-acquired-melanocytic-nevi-and-melanoma
#12
O Maiques, A Macià, S Moreno, C Barceló, M Santacana, A Vea, J Herreros, S Gatius, E Ortega, J Valls, B J Chen, D Llobet-Navas, X Matias-Guiu, C Cantí, R M Marti
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cutaneous malignant melanoma arises from transformed melanocytes de novo or from congenital or acquired melanocytic nevi. We have recently reported that T-type Ca(2+) channels (TTCs) are upregulated in human melanoma and play an important role on cell proliferation. The aim of this study was to describe for the first time in formalin-fixed-paraffin-embedded tissue the immunoexpression of TT-Cs in biopsies of normal skin, acquired melanocytic nevi and melanoma, in order to evaluate their role in melanomagenesis and/or tumor progression, their utility as prognostic markers and their possible use in targeted therapies...
October 8, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27711178/tobacco-smoke-exposure-and-eustachian-tube-disorders-in-us-children-and-adolescents
#13
Mira A Patel, David J Mener, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Ana Navas-Acien, Yuri Agrawal, Sandra Y Lin
OBJECTIVES: To describe the association between active, environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and the prevalence of eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) in the U.S. pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: U.S. representative demographic and audiometric data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES);2005-2010. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 2,977 children aged 12-19 years...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702745/estimation-of-inorganic-arsenic-exposure-in-populations-with-frequent-seafood-intake-evidence-from-mesa-and-nhanes
#14
Miranda R Jones, Maria Tellez-Plaza, Dhananjay Vaidya, Maria Grau, Kevin A Francesconi, Walter Goessler, Eliseo Guallar, Wendy S Post, Joel D Kaufman, Ana Navas-Acien
The sum of urinary inorganic arsenic (iAs) and methylated arsenic (monomethylarsonate and dimethylarsinate (DMA)) species is the main biomarker of iAs exposure. Assessing iAs exposure, however, is difficult in populations with moderate-to-high seafood intakes. In the present study, we used subsamples from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (2000-2002) (n = 310) and the 2003-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (n = 1,175). We calibrated urinary concentrations of non-seafood-derived iAs, DMA, and methylarsonate, as well as the sum of inorganic and methylated arsenic species, in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and of DMA in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey by regressing their original concentrations by arsenobetaine and extracting model residuals...
October 15, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27691379/the-connecticut-mental-health-center-celebrating-50-years-of-a-successful-partnership-between-the-state-and-yale-university
#15
Jeanne L Steiner, Luis Anez-Nava, Madelon Baranoski, Robert Cole, Larry Davidson, Miriam Delphin-Rittmon, Charles Dike, Paul J DiLeo, Ronald S Duman, Thomas Kirk, John Krystal, Robert T Malison, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Michael J Sernyak, Vinod Srihari, Thomas Styron, Jacob K Tebes, Scott Woods, Howard Zonana, Selby C Jacobs
September 28, 2016, marked the 50th anniversary of the Connecticut Mental Health Center, a state-owned and state-operated joint venture between the state and Yale University built and sustained with federal, state, and university funds. Collaboration across these entities has produced a wide array of clinical, educational, and research initiatives, a few of which are described in this column. The missions of clinical care, research, and education remain the foundation for an organization that serves 5,000 individuals each year who are poor and who experience serious mental illnesses and substance use disorders...
December 1, 2016: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686347/neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-as-an-alternative-to-pressure-support-ventilation-in-adults-a-french-multicentre-randomized-trial
#16
A Demoule, M Clavel, C Rolland-Debord, S Perbet, N Terzi, A Kouatchet, F Wallet, H Roze, F Vargas, C Guerin, J Dellamonica, S Jaber, L Brochard, T Similowski
PURPOSE: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a ventilatory mode that tailors the level of assistance delivered by the ventilator to the electromyographic activity of the diaphragm. The objective of this study was to compare NAVA and pressure support ventilation (PSV) in the early phase of weaning from mechanical ventilation. METHODS: A multicentre randomized controlled trial of 128 intubated adults recovering from acute respiratory failure was conducted in 11 intensive care units...
November 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677425/vectorial-competence-of-amblyomma-tonelliae-to-transmit-rickettsia-rickettsii
#17
E L Tarragona, J F Soares, F B Costa, M B Labruna, S Nava
The aim of this work was to test the vectorial competence of Amblyomma tonelliae (Ixodida: Ixodidae) to transmit Rickettsia rickettsii (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae), the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF). All parasitic stages of A. tonelliae were exposed to R. rickettsii by allowing each stage to feed on hosts inoculated with this pathogen. Thereafter, ticks were fed on uninfected hosts. All stages of A. tonelliae were able to acquire the R. rickettsii infection and maintain it by transstadial and transovarial transmission...
September 28, 2016: Medical and Veterinary Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677372/semiconductor-polymer-top-electrode-interface-generated-by-two-deposition-methods-and-its-influence-on-organic-solar-cell-performance
#18
Enrique Pérez-Gutiérrez, Denisse Barreiro-Argüelles, José-Luis Maldonado, Marco-Antonio Meneses-Nava, Oracio Barbosa-García, Gabriel Ramos-Ortíz, Mario Rodríguez, Canek Fuentes-Hernández
In this Research Article, the effect of two techniques for top-electrode deposition in organic photovoltaics (OPVs) cells with the configuration ITO/PEDOT:PSS/PTB7-Th:PC71BM/PFN/top-electrode is analyzed. One deposition was made by evaporation under high vacuum, meanwhile the other was carried out at normal room atmosphere; for the former, a double layer of Ca and the eutectic alloy Field's metal (FM) was thermally evaporated, while for the latter FM was deposited just by melting and dropping it on top of the delimited active area at temperatures about 90 °C...
October 12, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638954/biology-of-fopius-arisanus-hymenoptera-braconidae-in-two-species-of-fruit-flies
#19
M Z Groth, A E Loeck, S D Nörnberg, D Bernardi, D E Nava
Fopius arisanus (Sonan, 1932) (Hymenoptera: Braconidae) is an egg-larval parasitoid used in control programs of Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann). In Brazil, C. capitata and Anastrepha fraterculus (Wiedemann) are considered the main tephritid pests of exotic and indigenous fruits. The objective of this study was to study the biology of F. arisanus in C. capitata and A. fraterculus Eggs of the two fruit fly species were used to determine the parasitism rate, number of offspring, emergence rate, sex ratio, adult weight and longevity of male and female F...
2016: Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629375/comparing-changing-neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-nava-levels-in-intubated-and-recently-extubated-neonates
#20
B LoVerde, K S Firestone, H M Stein
OBJECTIVE: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) is a mode of mechanical ventilation that delivers ventilatory support in synchrony to the patient's respiratory needs using NAVA level, a proportionality constant that converts the electrical activity of the diaphragm (Edi) into a peak pressure (PIP). Recent published studies suggest that neonates can control the delivered ventilatory support through neural feedback. Systematically increasing the NAVA level initially increases the PIP while maintaining a constant Edi until an inflection point or breakpoint (BrP) is reached, at which time the PIP plateaus and the Edi signal decreases...
December 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
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