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AndrÉ Fonseca Antunes, Daniela Maeda Takiya, Juliana Chamorro-Rengifo
Daedalellus porteri (Bolivar, 1903) was described based on a single broken female holotype collected in an undetermined locality in Brazil. This species is herein redescribed based on two males and one female collected in Caetité, Bahia State, Brazil, including its morphology of fastigium and male terminalia. Based on comparisons to other Daedalellus species and Neotropical Copiphorini genera, the new monotypic genus Caetitus gen. nov. is herein proposed. Caetitus porteri comb. nov. differs from species of Daedalellus and other related genera, such as Panacanthus, Copiphora, Borinquenula, and Lirometopum, mainly due to differences of the fastigium and male external terminalia...
January 25, 2018: Zootaxa
Shoichiro Otake, Toshiaki Taoka, Masayuki Maeda, William Tc Yuh
For brain magnetic resonance (MR) examination, three-dimensional imaging is commonly performed. Radiologists need to know the appropriate imaging angle for viewing. We present six imaging angles for the axial images. Each angle is determined by the reference line. The landmarks on the midsagittal MR image to determine the angle of the reference lines are as follows: the supraorbito-meatal line (the center of the mammillary body and the fastigium of the fourth ventricle), the orbito-meatal (OM) line (the center of the mammillary body and the most posterior point of the cerebellar tentorium), the Talairach anterior commissure (AC)-posterior commissure (PC) line (the superior edge of the AC and the inferior edge of the PC), the Schaltenbrand AC-PC line (the center of the AC and the center of the PC), the subcallosal line (the inferior border of the genu and the inferior border of the splenium of the corpus callosum), Reid's baseline (the center of the pituitary gland and the most posterior point of the cerebellar tentorium) and the brainstem vertical line (the line perpendicular to the posterior border of the brainstem)...
January 1, 2018: Neuroradiology Journal
Satoshi Tsutsumi, Juan Carlos Fernandez-Miranda, Hisato Ishii, Hideo Ono, Yukimasa Yasumoto
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The fastigium cerebelli is an important topographical landmark for neurosurgeons and radiologists. However, few studies have characterized the morphology of the fastigium cerebelli. We aimed to investigate the fastigium cerebelli using postmortem specimens and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three cadaveric brains were midsagittally sectioned for observing the fastigium cerebelli. Additionally, 66 outpatients underwent MRI, including sagittal T1-weighted imaging, axial T2-weighted imaging, and coronal constructive interference in steady-state (CISS) sequence...
April 12, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
Maggie S Eppelheimer, James R Houston, Jayapalli R Bapuraj, Richard Labuda, Dorothy M Loth, Audrey M Braun, Natalie J Allen, Soroush Heidari Pahlavian, Dipankar Biswas, Aintzane Urbizu, Bryn A Martin, Cormac O Maher, Philip A Allen, Francis Loth
Purpose: Researchers have sought to better understand Chiari type I malformation (CMI) through morphometric measurements beyond tonsillar position (TP). Soft tissue and bone structures within the brain and craniocervical junction have been shown to be different for CMI patients compared to healthy controls. Yet, several morphological characteristics have not been consistently associated with CMI. CMI is also associated with different prevalent conditions (PCs) such as syringomyelia, pseudotumor, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), scoliosis, and craniocervical instability...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
Aintzane Urbizu, Bryn A Martin, Dulce Moncho, Alex Rovira, Maria A Poca, Juan Sahuquillo, Alfons Macaya, Malena I Español
OBJECTIVE The current diagnostic criterion for Chiari malformation Type I (CM-I), based on tonsillar herniation (TH), includes a diversity of patients with amygdalar descent that may be caused by a variety of factors. In contrast, patients presenting with an overcrowded posterior cranial fossa, a key characteristic of the disease, may remain misdiagnosed if they have little or no TH. The objective of the present study was to use machine-learning classification methods to identify morphometric measures that help discern patients with classic CM-I to improve diagnosis and treatment and provide insight into the etiology of the disease...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
I V Koning, J A Roelants, I A L Groenenberg, M J Vermeulen, S P Willemsen, I K M Reiss, P P Govaert, R P M Steegers-Theunissen, J Dudink
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most ultrasound markers for monitoring brain growth can only be used in either the prenatal or the postnatal period. We investigated whether corpus callosum length and corpus callosum-fastigium length could be used as markers for both prenatal and postnatal brain growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 3D ultrasound study embedded in the prospective Rotterdam Periconception Cohort was performed at 22, 26 and 32 weeks' gestational age in fetuses with fetal growth restriction, congenital heart defects, and controls...
September 2017: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Rongtao Cui, Lin Zhou, Zuohong Li, Qing Li, Zhiming Qi, Junyong Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship among age, sex, body mass index (BMI), serum lipid profiles, blood glucose (BG), and bone mineral density (BMD), making an assessment of the risk of osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,035 male and 3,953 female healthy volunteers (aged 41-95 years) were recruited by an open invitation. The basic information, including age, sex, height, weight, waistline, hipline, menstrual cycle, and medical history, were collected by a questionnaire survey and physical examination...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
J A Roelants, I V Koning, M M A Raets, S P Willemsen, M H Lequin, R P M Steegers-Theunissen, I K M Reiss, M J Vermeulen, P Govaert, J Dudink
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Preterm neonates are at risk for neurodevelopmental impairment, but reliable, bedside-available markers to monitor preterm brain growth during hospital stay are still lacking. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of corpus callosum-fastigium length as a new cranial sonography marker for monitoring of preterm brain growth. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this longitudinal prospective cohort study, cranial ultrasound was planned on the day of birth, days 1, 2, 3, and 7 of life; and then weekly until discharge in preterm infants born before 29 weeks of gestational age...
August 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
Vannessa Leung, John S Magnussen, Marcus A Stoodley, Lynne E Bilston
OBJECTIVE: The pathogenesis of syringomyelia associated with Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) is unclear. Theories of pathogenesis suggest the cerebellar tonsils may obstruct CSF flow or alter pressure gradients, or their motion might act as a piston to increase CSF pressure in the spinal subarachnoid space. This study was performed to measure cerebellar tonsillar and hindbrain motion in CM-I and assess the potential contributions to syrinx formation. METHODS: Sixty-four CM-I patients and 25 controls were retrospectively selected from a clinical database, and all subjects had undergone cardiac-gated cine balanced fast-field echo MRI...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Alejandro Vera Sánchez
A new species of the genus Platydecticus is described based on adult male and female specimens and the egg. The new species, Platydecticus diaguita, inhabits the Andes Range at 27º S latitude, above 3000 m elevation. Both sexes are easily identifiable by genital morphology characters and by the external characters of the fastigium of the vertex and the reduced number of spines in the hind tibia. It is also the smallest species described for the genus.
2015: Zootaxa
Sergey Yu Storozhenko
The monotypic genus Cleostratoides gen. nov. (type species Cleostratoides exoticus sp. nov. from Vietnam) is described in the subfamily Metrodorinae. New genus is closely related to the genera Mazarredia Bolívar, 1887, Xistrella Bolívar, 1909, Pseudoxistrella Liang, 1991, Orthotettixoides Zheng, 1998 and Bermania Storozhenko, 2012, but easily distinguished from all of them by the lateral ocelli situated just under fastigium of vertex and by the antennal sockets placed distinctly above the lower margin of eyes...
2013: Zootaxa
Ortrud Monika Barth, Cynthia Fernandes Pinto Da Luz
Tropical Vochysiaceae includes mainly trees, and also shrubs and subshrubs. Three genera and seven species are present in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. The pollen morphology of six species of trees, belonging to three genera of the Vochysiaceae A. St-Hil. family, was studied. Herbaria samples were obtained, processed and treated by standard methods. The pollen grain morphology of Callisthene, Qualea and Vochysia is distinct. Medium sized pollen grains occur in Vochysia species, and small ones in Callisthene and Qualea...
September 2014: Revista de Biología Tropical
Asem Salma, Esmiralda Yeremeyeva, Nishanta B Baidya, Martin Peter Sayers, Mario Ammirati
We performed endoscopic dissections of the roof of the fourth ventricle in eight fresh human cadaveric heads to characterize the endoscopic anatomy of the roof of the fourth ventricle and the anatomical configuration of the structures forming its roof. We also made three-dimensional (3D) silicone casts of the fourth ventricle in seven formalin-fixed specimens to evaluate the 3D configuration of the structures that create the roof of the fourth ventricle. The roof of the fourth ventricle can be divided into three zones...
May 2013: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
Zheng-Guo Wang, Kai Xiao
Since 1980s, the rapid development of tissue engineering and stem cell research has pushed regenerative medicine to a new fastigium, and regenerative medicine has become a noticeable research field in the international biology and medicine. In China, about 100 million patients need repair and regeneration treatment every year, while the number is much larger in the world. Regenerative medicine could provide effective salvation for these patients. Both Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering have made roadmaps of 2010-2050 and 2011-2030 for regenerative medicine...
2012: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
Jun Li, Weijia Kong, Xueyan Zhao, Yang Yang, Yujuan Hu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of overexpression of manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) of stria marginal cells (MCs) of the rat cochlea by the recombinant adeno-associated viruses of the serotypes 2 (AAV2) mediated gene-delivery for hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidative stress in vitro. METHOD: Primary cultures of MCs were infected using rAAV2-MnSOD-EGFP at dosage of multiplicity of infection (MOI) 10(1)v x /cell and using rAAV2-EGFP as control. The expression of MnSOD in MCs was examined using western blot and the activity of MnSOD was determinated by colorimetric assays...
May 2011: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Yan-ting Li, Yi-Yi Zhu, Bi-hong Jin
OBJECTIVES: To understand the epidemiological characteristics of Japanese Encephalitis in Shanghai and to provide evidence for preventing JE. METHODS: Epidemic characteristics, JEV antibody in healthy population and swine infection rate in Shanghai were analyzed by methods of field survey, serology and molecular biology. RESULTS: JE incident rate in Shanghai was 0.077/100,000 in 2006; and 0.129/100,000 in 2007. Antibody positive rate before JE epidemic fastigium was 60...
December 2009: Zhongguo Yi Miao He Mian Yi
Xiaoguang Chen, Xiaohua Hou, Wenpeng Gao, Minwei Zhu, Yuehua Wang, Haiyang Wang, Xiaofeng Wang, Zhiguo Lin
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Anterior/posterior commissure reference system (AC/PC reference system) and the fastigium/ventricular floor plane reference system (FFL/VFL reference system) are two reference systems used in the stereotactic localization of the invisible nuclei of the brainstem in magnetic resonance (MR) images. This study investigated the variation of the midsagittal brainstem in relation to the AC/PC and VFL/FFL reference systems with respect to age and gender. MATERIALS AND METHODS: High-resolution T1-weighted structural MR images were acquired from 64 adults (age range 21-60 years, 32 males and 32 females)...
June 2010: Academic Radiology
Cheng-jin Cao, Bing-hui Zheng, Jia-lei Zhang, Min-sheng Huang, Zhen-lou Chen
According to the survey conducted from winter and spring algal blooms, the changes of water quality and characteristics of Daning River of Three Gorges Reservoir (TGR) were studied. The results suggested that during the period of winter algal blooms centered on Tangjia bay in Daning river, chlorophyll a (Chl-a) had a wide range (the rates of (Chl-a)max and (Chl-a)min is 260). The contents of total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and potassium permanganate index were at very high levels because of bioaccumulation from algal blooms, but the values of dissolved oxygen (DO) and pH were very low...
December 2009: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Ronnie Tepper, Devora Kidron, Reli Hershkovitz
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to establish a new reference angle chart for fastigial biometric measurements throughout gestation in normal singleton pregnancies. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was designed. A total of 505 pregnant women between 20 and 40 weeks' gestation were included in the study. Excluded were those with multiple pregnancies, congenital anomalies, abnormal karyotypes, and polyhydramnios or oligohydramnios. Transvaginal or transabdominal sonography was performed in the midsagittal plane of the brain...
December 2009: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
W H Harris, C W Duval
The dengue cases studied during this epidemic were, as a whole, typical examples of the disease. The onset was sudden, often of a violent character, ushered in with severe headache and backache, vague pains throughout the body, and fever ranging from 101-105 degrees F. On the 2nd or 3rd day a maculopapular eruption appeared, generally on the neck, chest, and arms, but sometimes more widely disseminated. In most instances the fever remained for 3 or 4 days, after which it dropped to normal to rise again in 24 to 48 hours...
November 30, 1924: Journal of Experimental Medicine
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