keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1942

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225542/historical-overview-of-leprosy-control-in-cuba
#1
Enrique Beldarraín-Chaple
INTRODUCTION Leprosy, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affects the nervous system, skin, internal organs, extremities and mucous membranes. Biological, social and environmental factors influence its occurrence and transmission. The first effective treatments appeared in 1930 with the development of dapsone, a sulfone. The main components of a control and elimination strategy are early case detection and timely administration of multidrug therapy. OBJECTIVES Review the history of leprosy control in Cuba, emphasizing particularly results of the National Leprosy Control Program, its modifications and influence on leprosy control...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222857/liver-fibrosis-assessed-with-transient-elastography-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-ischemic-stroke
#2
Seung Up Kim, Dongbeom Song, Ji Hoe Heo, Joonsang Yoo, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Joon Kim, Kwang-Hyub Han, Young Dae Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between liver fibrosis and the occurrence of ischemic stroke is unknown. We investigated the correlation between liver fibrosis assessed with transient elastography (TE) and the risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Between April 2013 and August 2014, patients with acute ischemic stroke and subjects who underwent a health check-up were included in the study. Liver fibrotic burden was assessed with TE in all participants. The degree of liver fibrosis was compared between groups by using various multiple logistic regression models and propensity-score matched analyses...
February 12, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219473/needham-at-the-crossroads-history-politics-and-international-science-in-wartime-china-1942-1946
#3
Thomas Mougey
In 1946, the British biochemist Joseph Needham returned from a four-year stay in China. Needham scholars have considered this visit as a revelatory period that paved the way for his famous book series Science and Civilization in China (SCC). Surprisingly, however, Needham's actual time in China has remained largely unstudied over the last seventy years. As director of the Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, Needham travelled throughout Free China to promote cooperation between British and Chinese scientists to contain the Japanese invasion during the Second World War...
February 21, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#4
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187664/-i-uroptychus-i-i-nitidus-i-a-milne-edwards-1880-and-related-species-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-chirostylidae-from-the-western-atlantic
#5
Keiji Baba, Mary K Wicksten
Eight species of squat lobsters of the genus Uroptychus are reported from the western Atlantic based on the collections of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, the Smithsonian Institution and Texas A&M University. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is reviewed and redescribed, with a syntype taken at Blake Station 200 off Martinique designated as the lectotype. Uroptychus alphonsei n. sp. is named for U. nitidus variety C Chace, 1942, U. fenneri n. sp. for U. nitidus variety A Chace, 1942, and U...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177974/optimizing-radiotherapy-for-keloids-a-meta-analysis-systematic-review-comparing-recurrence-rates-between-different-radiation-modalities
#6
Peter Mankowski, Jonathan Kanevsky, Jared Tomlinson, Alina Dyachenko, Mario Luc
BACKGROUND: The high recurrence rate of keloids has lead to the use of multiple treatment adjuncts to improve cosmetic outcomes after surgery. To date, there has been no single, standardized modality agreed upon to produce the best results. The purpose of this study was to review the radiation-based treatments (brachytherapy, electron beam and X-ray) used for keloid management and compare their outcomes. METHODS: A literature review was performed from 1942 to October 2014 using the databases: PubMed database of the National Center of Biotechnology Information, MEDLINE, Biosis, Embase, Google scholar, and Cochrane database...
February 8, 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164611/serum-level-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#7
Adina E Stanciu, Adina Zamfir-Chiru-Anton, Marcel M Stanciu, Cristian R Popescu, Dan C Gheorghe
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is characterized by the upregulation of a large number of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of the study was to investigate the level of MMP-9 in the sera of HNSCC patients and its relationship to clinicopathological features. METHODS: Serum samples from sixty-five patients (56M/9F, 59.11 ± 9.02 years) with HNSCC were quantitatively measured by ELISA assay, before and two days after surgery. Forty healthy volunteers served as controls (29M/ 11F, 56...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164063/pathological-fracture-of-calcaneum-a-case-report
#8
K Salauddin Arif, S Anoop, Sandeep Ravindran
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are blood filled fibrous tumor-like cysts that expand the bone giving it a blown out appearance. It is usually seen in the second decade. ABCs were first described by Jaffe and Litchensen in 1942. The exact etiology is unknown. One of the most widely accepted ideas was that aneurysmal bone cyst was a consequence of increased venous pressure and subsequent dilatation and rupture of the local vascular network. However, studies by Panoutsakopoulus et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145102/long-term-tree-inventory-data-from-mountain-forest-plots-in-france
#9
Marc Fuhr, Thomas Cordonnier, Benoît Courbaud, Georges Kunstler, Eric Mermin, Catherine Riond, Pascal Tardif
We present repeated tree measurement data from 63 permanent plots in mountain forests in France. Plot elevations range from 800 (lower limit of the montane belt) to 1942 m a.s.l (subalpine belt). Forests mainly consist of pure or mixed stands dominated by European beech (Fagus sylvatica), Silver fir (Abies alba) and Norway spruce (Picea abies), in association with various broadleaved species at low elevation and with Arolla pine (Pinus cembra) at high elevation. The plot network includes 23 plots in stands that have not been managed for the last 40 years (at least) and 40 plots in plots managed according to an uneven-aged system with single-tree or small-group selection cutting...
January 31, 2017: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138835/is-place-value-processing-in-four-digit-numbers-fully-automatic-yes-but-not-always
#10
Javier García-Orza, Alejandro J Estudillo, Marina Calleja, José Miguel Rodríguez
Knowing the place-value of digits in multi-digit numbers allows us to identify, understand and distinguish between numbers with the same digits (e.g., 1492 vs. 1942). Research using the size congruency task has shown that the place-value in a string of three zeros and a non-zero digit (e.g., 0090) is processed automatically. In the present study, we explored whether place-value is also automatically activated when more complex numbers (e.g., 2795) are presented. Twenty-five participants were exposed to pairs of four-digit numbers that differed regarding the position of some digits and their physical size...
January 30, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112088/the-national-health-insurance-the-decentralised-clinical-training-platform-and-specialist-outreach
#11
R I Caldwell, C Aldous
According to the Constitution of South Africa (SA), citizens living in remote areas are entitled to the same level of healthcare as those with access to tertiary hospitals. Specialist outreach has been shown to achieve this. When SA's National Health Services Commission convened (1942 - 1944), Gluckman summarised: 'Where the need is greatest the supply of hospitals is least.' Primary healthcare (PHC) characterised the Kark's Pholela Health Centre and was highly regarded. Although PHC underpins National Health Insurance (NHI) planning, both preventive and curative healthcare are needed...
December 21, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069916/flight-lieutenant-peach-s-observations-on-burning-feet-syndrome-in-far-eastern-prisoners-of-war-1942-45
#12
N T Roocroft, E Mayhew, M Parkes, W A Frankland, G V Gill, D Bouhassira, A S C Rice
INTRODUCTION: 'Burning Feet Syndrome' affected up to one third of Far Eastern Prisoners of War in World War 2. Recently discovered medical records, produced by RAF Medical Officer Nowell Peach whilst in captivity, are the first to detail neurological examinations of patients with this condition. METHODS: The 54 sets of case notes produced at the time were analysed using modern diagnostic criteria to determine if the syndrome can be retrospectively classed as neuropathic pain...
November 15, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062099/the-trauma-registry-compared-to-all-patient-refined-diagnosis-groups-apr-drg
#13
Jodi Hackworth, Johanna Askegard-Giesmann, Thomas Rouse, Brian Benneyworth
BACKGROUND: Literature has shown there are significant differences between administrative databases and clinical registry data. Our objective was to compare the identification of trauma patients using All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (APR-DRG) as compared to the Trauma Registry and estimate the effects of those discrepancies on utilization. METHODS: Admitted pediatric patients from 1/2012-12/2013 were abstracted from the trauma registry. The patients were linked to corresponding administrative data using the Pediatric Health Information System database at a single children's hospital...
December 28, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039412/cervical-neoplasia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-nationwide-study
#14
Hjalmar Wadström, Elizabeth V Arkema, Christopher Sjöwall, Johan Askling, Julia F Simard
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the risk of cervical neoplasia in women with SLE, overall and with respect to treatment, compared with women from the general population. METHODS: By linking national Swedish registers, we assembled a cohort including women with SLE (n = 4976) and matched general population comparators (n = 29 703). Two subcohorts of treated SLE patients were defined on the basis of treatment with antimalarials (n = 1942) and other immunosuppressants (AZA, CYC, ciclosporin, MTX, MMF or rituximab; n = 2175)...
December 30, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018191/hebb-and-cattell-the-genesis-of-the-theory-of-fluid-and-crystallized-intelligence
#15
REVIEW
Richard E Brown
Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is, however, vague. Cattell, in different papers, stated that it was developed in 1940, 1941 or 1942. Carroll (1984, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 19, 300-306) noted the similarity of Cattell's theory to "Hebb's notion of two types of intelligence," which was presented at the 1941 APA meeting, but the matter has been left at that. Correspondence between Cattell, Donald Hebb and George Humphrey of Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, however, indicates that Cattell adopted Hebb's ideas of intelligence A and B and renamed them...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994208/the-genus-drosophila-is-characterized-by-a-large-number-of-sibling-species-showing-evolutionary-significance
#16
Bashisth N Singh
Mayr (1942) defined sibling species as sympatric forms which are morphologically very similar or indistinguishable, but which possess specific biological characteristics and are reproductively isolated. Another term, cryptic species has also been used for such species. However, this concept changed later. Sibling species are as similar as twins. This category does not necessarily include phylogenetic siblings as members of a superspecies. Since the term sibling species was defined by Mayr, a large number of cases of sibling species pairs/groups have been reported and thus they are widespread in the animal kingdom...
December 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988701/morphological-and-molecular-data-reveal-the-cryptic-diversity-among-populations-of-i-aegla-i-i-paulensis-i-decapoda-anomura-aeglidae-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species-and-comments-on-dispersal-routes-and-conservation-status
#17
Juliana Cristina Bertacini Moraes, Mariana Terossi, Raquel Corrêa Buranelli, Marcos Tavares, Fernando L Mantelatto, Sérgio Luiz DE Siqueira Bueno
The taxonomy of the Brazilian aeglid species Aegla paulensis Schmitt, 1942 from two disjunct hydrographic basins is revised using morphological and molecular data. Results show that six disjunctive populations of Aegla paulensis form a species complex. Aegla paulensis sensu stricto is redescribed and Aegla rosanae Campos Jr., 1998 is revalidated. The four remaining populations previously assigned to Aegla paulensis are now recognized as different species, namely Aegla  vanini n. sp., Aegla japi n. sp., Aegla jaragua n...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988541/review-and-key-to-all-known-species-of-the-genus-i-epacromius-i-uvarov-1942-orthoptera-acrididae
#18
Ying Lu, Li-Ming Wang, Bing-Zhong Ren
This paper provides a review and key to all species of the genus Epacromius Uvarov, 1942. The first description of the male of the species Epacromius fallax Wang, 2007 is given.
December 14, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979837/trends-in-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-a-large-sample-of-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-in-hong-kong-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#19
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, Billy Chang, Xin Lai, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Kelvin Tsoi, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: To examine the trends in activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Chinese adults in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2012. METHODS: Using data from the Elderly Health Centres (EHCs) of the Department of Health comprising a total of 54 808 community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years in 1 early cohort (1904-1917) and 10 3-year birth cohorts (1918-1920, 1921-1923, 1924-1926, 1927-1929, 1930-1932, 1933-1935, 1936-1938, 1939-1941, 1942-1944, 1945-1947), we examined trends in ADL disability by using age-period-cohort (APC) models...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970233/tct-84-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-without-predilation-of-the-aortic-valve-insights-from-1942-patients-included-in-the-source-3-registry
#20
Nicolas Dumonteil, Thomas Walther, Frederic Pinaud, Christian Terkelsen, Christian Frerker, Frederic Collart, Jochen Wöhrle, Stephan Windecker, Christian Butter, Leo Ihlberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
keyword
keyword
106363
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"