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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453665/klaus-apel-1942-2017-a-pioneer-of-photosynthesis-research
#1
Jean-David Rochaix, Chanhong Kim, Wiebke Apel
We present here a Tribute to Klaus Apel (1942-2017), a photosynthesis pioneer-an authority on plant molecular genetics-in five parts. The first section is a prologue. The second section deals with a chronological discussion of Apel's research life, prepared by the editor Govindjee; it is based on a website article at the Boyce Thompson Institute (BTI) by Patricia Waldron ( https://btiscience.org/explore-bti/news/post/bti-says-goodbye-klaus-apel/ ), as approved for use here by Keith C. Hannon and David Stern of BTI...
February 16, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447338/exposure-lag-response-in-longitudinal-studies-application-of-distributed-lag-non-linear-models-in-an-occupational-cohort
#2
Andreas M Neophytou, Sally Picciotto, Daniel M Brown, Lisa E Gallagher, Harvey Checkoway, Ellen A Eisen, Sadie Costello
Prolonged exposures can have complex relationships with health outcomes, as timing, duration, and intensity of exposure are all potentially relevant. Summary measures such as cumulative exposure or average intensity of exposure may not fully capture these relationships. We applied penalized and unpenalized distributed lag non-linear models (DLNMs) with flexible exposure-response and lag-response functions in order to examine the association between crystalline silica exposure and mortality from lung cancer and non-malignant respiratory disease in a cohort study of 2,342 California diatomaceous earth workers, followed 1942-2011...
February 13, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447213/delineating-and-identifying-long-term-changes-in-the-whooping-crane-grus-americana-migration-corridor
#3
Aaron T Pearse, Matt Rabbe, Lara M Juliusson, Mark T Bidwell, Lea Craig-Moore, David A Brandt, Wade Harrell
Defining and identifying changes to seasonal ranges of migratory species is required for effective conservation. Historic sightings of migrating whooping cranes (Grus americana) have served as sole source of information to define a migration corridor in the Great Plains of North America (i.e., Canadian Prairies and United States Great Plains) for this endangered species. We updated this effort using past opportunistic sightings from 1942-2016 (n = 5,055) and more recent (2010-2016) location data from 58 telemetered birds (n = 4,423) to delineate migration corridors that included 50%, 75%, and 95% core areas...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417834/helping-adolescents-to-better-support-their-peers-with-a-mental-health-problem-a-cluster-randomised-crossover-trial-of-teen-mental-health-first-aid
#4
Laura M Hart, Amy J Morgan, Alyssia Rossetto, Claire M Kelly, Andrew Mackinnon, Anthony F Jorm
BACKGROUND: teen Mental Health First Aid (tMHFA) is a classroom-based training programme for students aged 15-18 years to improve supportive behaviours towards peers, increase mental health literacy and reduce stigma. This research evaluated tMHFA by comparing it to a matched emergency Physical First Aid (PFA) training programme. METHODS: A cluster-randomised crossover trial matched four public schools in two pairs and then randomised each to first receive tMHFA or PFA for all Year 10 students...
February 1, 2018: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412258/the-black-scourge-race-and-the-rockefeller-foundation-s-tuberculosis-commission-in-interwar-jamaica
#5
Henrice Altink
From 1927 to 1942, the Rockefeller Foundation ran a tuberculosis commission in Jamaica that researched the epidemiology of the disease, examined the efficacy of a vaccine with heat-killed tubercle bacilli, and offered basic treatment to tuberculosis sufferers. Drawing upon diaries and scientific writings by the staff employed by the commission, among other sources, this article explores the role that race played in the tuberculosis commission. It assesses how race shaped the research conducted by the commission, how it informed staff interactions and staff/patient relations, and the clash and/or confluence of "imported" and local racial ideas in the commission's work...
October 2017: História, Ciências, Saúde—Manguinhos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407000/the-arteriolar-injury-in-hypertension
#6
Qian Ru Gu, Yang Yang Li, Guo Rong Chen, M J Quinn
In 1937, Drs. Moritz and Oldt described arteriolar injuries in the kidneys (and other viscera) in hypertension, across the age range, in both sexes, and, in different races. This hypothesis proposes that injuries to vasomotor nerves cause the arteriolar injury in the kidney in hypertension, (as well as that in the uterus in preeclampsia). Different patterns of perivascular hyalinisation in different viscera are clues to the varying causes and consequences of arteriolar injury. In the uterus there is a symmetrical, perivascular "halo of hyalinisation" that marks the lines of extension of regenerating, injured nerves to the placental bed, whereas in the kidney there is a disordered and asymmetrical "halo of hyalinisation" where persistent, and recurrent, increases in intravascular pressures interrupt development of regenerating nerves...
February 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402215/adaptive-genomic-evolution-of-opsins-reveals-that-early-mammals-flourished-in-nocturnal-environments
#7
Rui Borges, Warren E Johnson, Stephen J O'Brien, Cidália Gomes, Christopher P Heesy, Agostinho Antunes
BACKGROUND: Based on evolutionary patterns of the vertebrate eye, Walls (1942) hypothesized that early placental mammals evolved primarily in nocturnal habitats. However, not only Eutheria, but all mammals show photic characteristics (i.e. dichromatic vision, rod-dominated retina) suggestive of a scotopic eye design. RESULTS: Here, we used integrative comparative genomic and phylogenetic methodologies employing the photoreceptive opsin gene family in 154 mammals to test the likelihood of a nocturnal period in the emergence of all mammals...
February 5, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385923/high-intensity-focused-ultrasound-past-present-and-future-in-neurosurgery
#8
Syed A Quadri, Muhammad Waqas, Inamullah Khan, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Sajid S Suriya, Mudassir Farooqui, Brian Fiani
Since Lynn and colleagues first described the use of focused ultrasound (FUS) waves for intracranial ablation in 1942, many strides have been made toward the treatment of several brain pathologies using this novel technology. In the modern era of minimal invasiveness, high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) promises therapeutic utility for multiple neurosurgical applications, including treatment of tumors, stroke, epilepsy, and functional disorders. Although the use of HIFU as a potential therapeutic modality in the brain has been under study for several decades, relatively few neuroscientists, neurologists, or even neurosurgeons are familiar with it...
February 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385202/historical-trends-in-modifiable-indicators-of-cardiovascular-health-and-self-rated-health-among-older-adults-cohort-differences-over-20-years-between-the-berlin-aging-study-base-and-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#9
Maximilian König, Johanna Drewelies, Kristina Norman, Dominik Spira, Nikolaus Buchmann, Gizem Hülür, Peter Eibich, Gert G Wagner, Ulman Lindenberger, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Denis Gerstorf, Ilja Demuth
BACKGROUND: The last decades have seen great advances in the understanding, treatment, and prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Although mortality rates due to CVD have declined significantly in the last decades, the burden of CVD is still high, particularly in older adults. This raises the question whether contemporary populations of older adults are experiencing better or worse objective as well as subjective health than earlier-born cohorts. The aim of this study was to examine differences in modifiable indicators of cardiovascular health (CVH), comparing data obtained 20 years apart in the Berlin Aging Study (BASE, 1990-93) and the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II, 2009-2014)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383326/protection-of-children-s-human-rights-and-health-a-legacy-of-julian-kramsztyk-janusz-korczak-and-ludwik-rajchman
#10
Piotr Woltanowski, Andrzej Wincewicz, Stanisław Sulkowski
Tutor of generations of Warsaw medical doctors, Julian Kramsztyk (1851-1926) was son of Rabbi Izaak Kramsztyk, Polish patriot and fighter for independent Poland. Julian Kramsztyk graduated in medicine from Warsaw University in 1873 to soon work as a supervisor of the Internal Diseases Department of Bersohns and Baumans Children's Hospital from 1878 to 1910, and despite of refusing professorship from Imperial Warsaw University, he worked as a lecturer of pediatric disorders from 1880 with strong association of his medical practice with scientific and editorial tasks as well as engaging in charity...
2018: Global Pediatric Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357101/a-new-genus-and-species-of-turtle-blood-fluke-digenea-schistosomatoidea-from-the-mekong-snail-eating-turtle-malayemys-subtrijuga-schlegel-m%C3%A3-ller-testudines-geoemydidae-in-vietnam-with-a-reassessment-of-related-asiatic-turtle-blood-flukes-and-molecular-phylogeny
#11
Jackson R Roberts, Cova R Arias, Kenneth M Halanych, Binh T Dang, Stephen A Bullard
Platt sinuosus Roberts & Bullard n. g., n. sp. (type-species) infects the kidney and mesenteric blood vessels of Mekong snail-eating turtles, Malayemys subtrijuga (Schlegel & Müller), in the Mekong River Basin. Species of Platt Roberts & Bullard n. g. are unique by the combination of having a papillate ventral sucker, vasa efferentia that are dorsal to the gonads, a massive cirrus-sac that is directed anteriad or laterad, and a vitellarium that surrounds the intestinal caeca. The new species resembles Platt ocadiae (Takeuti, 1942) Roberts & Bullard n...
January 22, 2018: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333731/william-g-bradley-jr-md-phd-facr-1942-2017
#12
Michael B Zlatkin, Deerfield Beach, Mark E Schweitzer, Stony Brook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324802/prognostic-value-of-liver-stiffness-measurement-for-the-liver-related-surgical-outcomes-of-patients-under-hepatic-resection-a-meta-analysis
#13
Zitong Huang, Jingjing Huang, Tianran Zhou, Hongying Cao, Bo Tan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have discussed the liver stiffness measurement (LSM) performance on predicting liver-related surgical outcomes for patients of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) under hepatic resection, yet there is much variation in reporting and consistency of findings. Therefore, we report a meta-analysis on this issue. METHODS: We comprehensively searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of science to find the eligible cohort studies. The pooled Odds Ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to evaluate effect...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290054/kazimierz-orzechowski-1878-1942
#14
Anita Maria Magowska, Michał K Owecki, Halina Bogusz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281057/detection-of-leishmania-dna-and-blood-meal-identification-in-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-from-len%C3%A3-ois-maranhenses-national-park-region-brazil
#15
Raquel Silva Fonteles, Adalberto Alves Pereira Filho, Jorge Luiz Pinto Moraes, Silma Regina Ferreira Pereira, Bruno Leite Rodrigues, José Manuel Macário Rebêlo
To elucidate portions of the transmission cycles of American tegumentary leishmaniasis (TL) and visceral leishmaniasis (VL) occurring in the region surrounding the Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, an important tourist center in Brazil, the present study objectives were to determine the rate of natural infection by Leishmania spp. and the blood meal in caught sand flies species in the region. Sand flies were captured over 36 mo in 62 locations of the municipality of Barreirinhas, Maranhão with notifications of disease incidence...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280743/current-nomenclature-of-pseudohypoparathyroidism-inactivating-parathyroid-hormone-parathyroid-hormone-related-protein-signaling-disorder
#16
Serap Turan
Disorders related to parathyroid hormone (PTH) resistance and PTH signaling pathway impairment are historically classified under the term of pseudohypoparathyroidism (PHP). The disease was first described and named by Fuller Albright and colleagues in 1942. Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO) is described as an associated clinical entity with PHP, characterized by brachydactyly, subcutaneous ossifications, round face, short stature and a stocky build. The classification of PHP is further divided into PHP-Ia, pseudo-PHP (pPHP), PHP-Ib, PHP-Ic and PHP-II according to the presence or absence of AHO, together with an in vivo response to exogenous PTH and the measurement of Gsα protein activity in peripheral erythrocyte membranes in vitro...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275369/regional-call-911-emergency-department-protocol-to-reduce-interfacility-transfer-delay-for-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#17
Nichole Bosson, Terrence Baruch, William J French, Andrea Fang, Amy H Kaji, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Alisa Rock, David Shavelle, Joseph L Thomas, James T Niemann
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the first-medical-contact-to-balloon (FMC2B) time after implementation of a "Call 911" protocol for ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) interfacility transfers in a regional system. METHODS AND RESULTS: This is a retrospective cohort study of consecutive patients with STEMI requiring interfacility transfer from a STEMI referring hospital, to one of 35 percutaneous coronary intervention-capable STEMI receiving centers (SRCs)...
December 23, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245479/revision-of-the-megaperidae-manter-1934-n-comb-syn-apocreadiidae-skrjabin-1942-including-a-reorganization-of-the-schistorchiinae-yamaguti-1942
#18
Charles K Blend, Yasser F M Karar, Norman O Dronen
Modified and/or new keys to the four subfamilies now recognized within the Megaperidae Manter, 1934 n. comb. (Syn. Apocreadiidae Skrjabin, 1942) as well as the genera within each subfamily are presented. Two new genera, Paraschistorchis n. gen. and Plesioschistorchis n. gen., both within the Schistorchiinae Yamaguti, 1942, are erected and keys are provided to the species considered in both new genera-distinguished by possessing caeca that end either in separate ani or blindly. Plesioschistorchis callyodontis (Yamaguti, 1942) n...
November 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245421/four-new-species-of-i-phyllophaga-i-harris%C3%A2-coleoptera-scarabaeidae-melolonthinae-from-western-cuba
#19
Annery Serrano, Miguel Ángel Morón
Four new species in the genus Phyllophaga Harris 1827, subgenus Cnemarachis Saylor 1942 (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) from Cuba are described: Phyllophaga barroi new species, Phyllophaga guanahacabibensis new species, Phyllophaga pauli new species, and Phyllophaga sabanalamarensis new species. Each species is illustrated using photographs of the habitus, diagnostic features, and male aedeagi. A map is provided showing the geographical distributions of the new species.
December 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224241/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-in-the-uk
#20
M Panca, R M Viner, B White, T Pandya, H Melo, M Adamo, R Batterham, D Christie, S Kinra, S Morris
Evidence shows that surgery for severe obesity in adults improves health and psychological functioning, and is cost-effective. Data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity are extremely limited, with no evidence on cost-effectiveness. We evaluated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery compared with no surgery in adolescents with severe obesity from the UK's National Health Service perspective. Eighteen adolescents with body mass index ≥40 kg m-2 who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass [RYGB] [N = 9], and laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy [SG] [N = 9]) at University College London Hospitals between January 2008 and December 2013 were included...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
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