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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069916/flight-lieutenant-peach-s-observations-on-burning-feet-syndrome-in-far-eastern-prisoners-of-war-1942-45
#1
N T Roocroft, E Mayhew, M Parkes, W A Frankland, G V Gill, D Bouhassira, A S C Rice
INTRODUCTION: 'Burning Feet Syndrome' affected up to one third of Far Eastern Prisoners of War in World War 2. Recently discovered medical records, produced by RAF Medical Officer Nowell Peach whilst in captivity, are the first to detail neurological examinations of patients with this condition. METHODS: The 54 sets of case notes produced at the time were analysed using modern diagnostic criteria to determine if the syndrome can be retrospectively classed as neuropathic pain...
November 15, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062099/the-trauma-registry-compared-to-all-patient-refined-diagnosis-groups-apr-drg
#2
Jodi Hackworth, Johanna Askegard-Giesmann, Thomas Rouse, Brian Benneyworth
BACKGROUND: Literature has shown there are significant differences between administrative databases and clinical registry data. Our objective was to compare the identification of trauma patients using All Patient Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (APR-DRG) as compared to the Trauma Registry and estimate the effects of those discrepancies on utilization. METHODS: Admitted pediatric patients from 1/2012-12/2013 were abstracted from the trauma registry. The patients were linked to corresponding administrative data using the Pediatric Health Information System database at a single children's hospital...
December 28, 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039412/cervical-neoplasia-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-nationwide-study
#3
Hjalmar Wadström, Elizabeth V Arkema, Christopher Sjöwall, Johan Askling, Julia F Simard
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to examine the risk of cervical neoplasia in women with SLE, overall and with respect to treatment, compared with women from the general population. METHODS: By linking national Swedish registers, we assembled a cohort including women with SLE (n = 4976) and matched general population comparators (n = 29 703). Two subcohorts of treated SLE patients were defined on the basis of treatment with antimalarials (n = 1942) and other immunosuppressants (AZA, CYC, ciclosporin, MTX, MMF or rituximab; n = 2175)...
December 30, 2016: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018191/hebb-and-cattell-the-genesis-of-the-theory-of-fluid-and-crystallized-intelligence
#4
REVIEW
Richard E Brown
Raymond B. Cattell is credited with the development of the theory of fluid and crystallized intelligence. The genesis of this theory is, however, vague. Cattell, in different papers, stated that it was developed in 1940, 1941 or 1942. Carroll (1984, Multivariate Behavioral Research, 19, 300-306) noted the similarity of Cattell's theory to "Hebb's notion of two types of intelligence," which was presented at the 1941 APA meeting, but the matter has been left at that. Correspondence between Cattell, Donald Hebb and George Humphrey of Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, however, indicates that Cattell adopted Hebb's ideas of intelligence A and B and renamed them...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994208/the-genus-drosophila-is-characterized-by-a-large-number-of-sibling-species-showing-evolutionary-significance
#5
Bashisth N Singh
Mayr (1942) defined sibling species as sympatric forms which are morphologically very similar or indistinguishable, but which possess specific biological characteristics and are reproductively isolated. Another term, cryptic species has also been used for such species. However, this concept changed later. Sibling species are as similar as twins. This category does not necessarily include phylogenetic siblings as members of a superspecies. Since the term sibling species was defined by Mayr, a large number of cases of sibling species pairs/groups have been reported and thus they are widespread in the animal kingdom...
December 2016: Journal of Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988701/morphological-and-molecular-data-reveal-the-cryptic-diversity-among-populations-of-i-aegla-i-i-paulensis-i-decapoda-anomura-aeglidae-with-descriptions-of-four-new-species-and-comments-on-dispersal-routes-and-conservation-status
#6
Juliana Cristina Bertacini Moraes, Mariana Terossi, Raquel Corrêa Buranelli, Marcos Tavares, Fernando L Mantelatto, Sérgio Luiz DE Siqueira Bueno
The taxonomy of the Brazilian aeglid species Aegla paulensis Schmitt, 1942 from two disjunct hydrographic basins is revised using morphological and molecular data. Results show that six disjunctive populations of Aegla paulensis form a species complex. Aegla paulensis sensu stricto is redescribed and Aegla rosanae Campos Jr., 1998 is revalidated. The four remaining populations previously assigned to Aegla paulensis are now recognized as different species, namely Aegla  vanini n. sp., Aegla japi n. sp., Aegla jaragua n...
November 15, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988541/review-and-key-to-all-known-species-of-the-genus-i-epacromius-i-uvarov-1942-orthoptera-acrididae
#7
Ying Lu, Li-Ming Wang, Bing-Zhong Ren
This paper provides a review and key to all species of the genus Epacromius Uvarov, 1942. The first description of the male of the species Epacromius fallax Wang, 2007 is given.
December 14, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979837/trends-in-activities-of-daily-living-disability-in-a-large-sample-of-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults-in-hong-kong-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#8
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, Billy Chang, Xin Lai, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Kelvin Tsoi, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: To examine the trends in activities of daily living (ADL) disability in older Chinese adults in Hong Kong between 2001 and 2012. METHODS: Using data from the Elderly Health Centres (EHCs) of the Department of Health comprising a total of 54 808 community-dwelling Chinese adults aged ≥65 years in 1 early cohort (1904-1917) and 10 3-year birth cohorts (1918-1920, 1921-1923, 1924-1926, 1927-1929, 1930-1932, 1933-1935, 1936-1938, 1939-1941, 1942-1944, 1945-1947), we examined trends in ADL disability by using age-period-cohort (APC) models...
December 15, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27970233/tct-84-outcomes-of-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-without-predilation-of-the-aortic-valve-insights-from-1942-patients-included-in-the-source-3-registry
#9
Nicolas Dumonteil, Thomas Walther, Frederic Pinaud, Christian Terkelsen, Christian Frerker, Frederic Collart, Jochen Wöhrle, Stephan Windecker, Christian Butter, Leo Ihlberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968842/quality-of-life-and-health-utility-scores-for-common-cancers-in-china-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-survey
#10
Ju-Fang Shi, Hui-Yao Huang, Lan-Wei Guo, Dian Shi, Xiu-Ying Gu, Han Liang, Le Wang, Jian-Song Ren, Ya-Na Bai, A-Yan Mao, Guo-Xiang Liu, Xian-Zhen Liao, Kai Zhang, Jie He, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: The measurement of quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs) forms a key component of cost-utility evaluation in cancer intervention; however, detailed data for utility weights by cancer type and health status are still scarce both in China and other regions. The aim of this study was to systematically evaluate utility scores in relation to the most common six cancers in China in 2012 (lung, breast, colorectal, oesophageal, liver, and stomach cancer). METHODS: As a part of a Screening Program in Urban China (CanSPUC) supported by the central government of China, we undertook a cross-sectional survey in 13 provinces across China from 2013 to 2014...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956012/a-pioneer-in-marine-sediment-risk-assessment-a-tribute-to-ed-long-1942-2016
#11
EDITORIAL
Michael Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 15, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931270/a-powerful-protector-of-the-japanese-people-the-history-of-the-japanese-hospital-in-steveston-british-columbia-canada-18961942
#12
Helen Vandenberg
From 1896 to 1942, a Japanese hospital operated in the village of Steveston, British Columbia, Canada. For the first 4 years, Japanese Methodist missionaries utilized a small mission building as a makeshift hospital, until a larger institution was constructed by the local Japanese Fishermen's Association in 1900. The hospital operated until the Japanese internment, after the attack on Pearl Harbor during World War II. This study offers important commentary about the relationships between health, hospitals, and race in British Columbia during a period of increased immigration and economic upheaval...
January 2017: Nursing History Review: Official Journal of the American Association for the History of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917194/a-network-approach-of-gene-co-expression-in-the-zea-mays-aspergillus-flavus-pathosystem-to-map-host-pathogen-interaction-pathways
#13
Bryan M Musungu, Deepak Bhatnagar, Robert L Brown, Gary A Payne, Greg OBrian, Ahmad M Fakhoury, Matt Geisler
A gene co-expression network (GEN) was generated using a dual RNA-seq study with the fungal pathogen Aspergillus flavus and its plant host Zea mays during the initial 3 days of infection. The analysis deciphered novel pathways and mapped genes of interest in both organisms during the infection. This network revealed a high degree of connectivity in many of the previously recognized pathways in Z. mays such as jasmonic acid, ethylene, and reactive oxygen species (ROS). For the pathogen A. flavus, a link between aflatoxin production and vesicular transport was identified within the network...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917038/revised-classification-and-catalogue-of-global-nepticulidae-and-opostegidae-lepidoptera-nepticuloidea
#14
Erik J van Nieukerken, Camiel Doorenweerd, Robert J B Hoare, Donald R Davis
A catalogue of all named Nepticulidae and Opostegidae is presented, including fossil species. The catalogue is simultaneously published online in the scratchpad http://nepticuloidea.info/ and in Catalogue of Life (http://www.catalogueoflife.org/col/details/database/id/172). We provide a historical overview of taxonomic research on Nepticuloidea and a brief 'state of the art'. A DNA barcode dataset with 3205 barcodes is made public at the same time, providing DNA barcodes of ca. 779 species, of which 2563 are identified as belonging to 444 validly published species...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913842/alfonso-luis-herrera-and-the-beginnings-of-evolutionism-and-studies-in-the-origin-of-life-in-mexico
#15
Ismael Ledesma-Mateos, H James Cleaves
Alfonso Luis Herrera (1868-1942) was a Mexican biologist, and significant as the principal promoter of Darwinian thought in that country. However, Herrera's thinking went beyond the evolution of living beings, and extended to the question of the origin of life itself and the place of living phenomena in the larger context of the cosmos. Perhaps more significantly, though now largely forgotten, Herrera was among the first to embark on an experimental program to understand the origin of life, one which may be seen as foundational for later workers, most notably Sidney Fox and Alexander Oparin, and which has been resuscitated recently...
December 2016: Journal of Molecular Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903008/brightness-in-human-rod-vision-depends-on-slow-neural-adaptation-to-quantum-statistics-of-light
#16
Michael E Rudd, Fred Rieke
In human rod-mediated vision, threshold for small, brief flashes rises in proportion to the square root of adapting luminance at all but the lowest and highest adapting intensities. A classical signal detection theory from Rose (1942, 1948) and de Vries (1943) attributed this rise to the perceptual masking of weak flashes by Poisson fluctuations in photon absorptions from the adapting field. However, previous work by Brown and Rudd (1998) demonstrated that the square-root law also holds for suprathreshold brightness judgments, a finding that supports an alternative explanation of the square-root sensitivity changes as a consequence of physiological adaptation (i...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898592/the-hepatitis-c-virus-nonstructural-protein-3-q80k-polymorphism-is-frequently-detected-and-transmitted-among-hiv-infected-msm-in-the-netherlands
#17
Astrid M Newsum, Cynthia K Y Ho, Faydra I Lieveld, Thijs J W van de Laar, Sylvie M Koekkoek, Sjoerd P Rebers, Jan T M van der Meer, Anne M J Wensing, Greet J Boland, Joop E Arends, Karel J van Erpecum, Maria Prins, Richard Molenkamp, Janke Schinkel
OBJECTIVES: The Q80K polymorphism is a naturally occurring resistance-associated variant in the hepatitis C virus (HCV) nonstructural protein 3 (NS3) region and is likely transmissible between hosts. This study describes the Q80K origin and prevalence among HCV risk groups in the Netherlands and examines whether Q80K is linked to specific transmission networks. DESIGN AND METHODS: Stored blood samples from HCV genotype 1a-infected patients were used for PCR and sequencing to reconstruct the NS3 maximum likelihood phylogeny...
January 2, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898163/the-puerto-rico-journal-of-public-health-and-tropical-medicine-1925-1950-from-a-health-department-bulletin-to-a-upr-school-of-tropical-medicine-scientific-journal
#18
Raúl Mayo-Santana
This essay presents a history of the scientific journal of the University of Puerto Rico, School of Tropical Medicine (STM) under the auspices of Columbia University: The Puerto Rico Journal of Public Health and Tropical Medicine. This is the third article in a historical series about the STM, and includes supporting information relevant to the forthcoming articles on the school's scientific endeavors. This article is conceived as a history from the perspective of the literature of journal genre in the field of tropical medicine...
December 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875450/student-nurse-in-the-war-zone
#19
(no author information available yet)
: Editor's note: From its first issue in 1900 through to the present day, AJN has unparalleled archives detailing nurses' work and lives over more than a century. These articles not only chronicle nursing's growth as a profession within the context of the events of the day, but they also reveal prevailing societal attitudes about women, health care, and human rights. Today's nursing school curricula rarely include nursing's history, but it's a history worth knowing. To this end, From the AJN Archives highlights articles selected to fit today's topics and times...
December 2016: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857384/tunable-noise-like-pulse-generation-in-mode-locked-tm-fiber-laser-with-a-sesam
#20
Yutaka Mashiko, Eisuke Fujita, Masaki Tokurakawa
We report on a tunable noise-like pulse (NLP) generation in a mode-locked Tm fiber laser with a SESAM. A tuning range of 1895-1942 nm, while keeping the spectral bandwidth of 10-19 nm under NLP mode-locked operation, was obtained by a tunable filter based on chromatic dispersion of telescope lenses. At the center wavelength of 1928 nm, the maximum output power of 195 mW with the spectral bandwidth of 18.9 nm was obtained. The repetition rate was 20.5 MHz and the corresponding pulse energy was 9.5 nJ. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a tunable NLP mode-locked laser based on chromatic dispersion of a lens system...
November 14, 2016: Optics Express
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