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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224241/cost-effectiveness-of-bariatric-surgery-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-in-the-uk
#1
M Panca, R M Viner, B White, T Pandya, H Melo, M Adamo, R Batterham, D Christie, S Kinra, S Morris
Evidence shows that surgery for severe obesity in adults improves health and psychological functioning, and is cost-effective. Data on bariatric surgery for adolescents with severe obesity are extremely limited, with no evidence on cost-effectiveness. We evaluated the lifetime cost-effectiveness of bariatric surgery compared with no surgery in adolescents with severe obesity from the UK's National Health Service perspective. Eighteen adolescents with body mass index ≥40 kg m-2 who underwent bariatric surgery (laparoscopic Roux en Y Gastric Bypass [RYGB] [N = 9], and laparoscopic Sleeve Gastrectomy [SG] [N = 9]) at University College London Hospitals between January 2008 and December 2013 were included...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216093/140%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m-single-polarization-passive-fully-aperiodic-large-pitch-fibers-operating-near-2%C3%A2-%C3%AE-m
#2
Dia Darwich, Mostafa Sabra, Remi du Jeu, Marie-Alicia Malleville, Romain Dauliat, Raphaël Jamier, Aurélien Benoit, Kay Schuster, Philippe Roy
In this paper, we demonstrate a single-polarization feature out of passive very-large-mode-area fully aperiodic large-pitch fibers. It has been previously shown theoretically that one of the two polarizations of the fundamental mode is selectively coupled to a cladding mode. This coupling does not require fiber bending, which permits us to avoid any decrease in mode effective area. The coupling is achieved owing to boron-doped silica inclusions implemented into the microstructured cladding and acting as stress-applying parts...
November 20, 2017: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206010/regulation-circulation-and-distribution-of-penicillin-in-portugal-1944-1954
#3
Victoria Bell, João Rui Pita, Ana Leonor Pereira
Portugal did not participate in World War II but was one of the first countries in the world to receive penicillin for civilian use. The Portuguese Red Cross began to import the antibiotic from the United States of America in 1944 and appointed a controlling committee to oversee its distribution, due to the small amount available. In 1945, as world production increased, penicillin began to be distributed through the normal channels. An important role in its regulation was played by the official department responsible for controlling pharmaceutical and chemical products in Portugal, the Comissão Reguladora dos Produtos Químicos e Farmacêuticos (Regulatory Committee for Chemical and Pharmaceutical Products)...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206006/the-beginning-of-francoist-psychiatry-the-national-neurology-and-psychiatry-conference-barcelona-1942
#4
Rafael Huertas
While there has been some research into Francoist psychiatry, much work still needs to be done on the reorganization of the mental health profession within the new state. Held in Barcelona on 12, 13 and 14th January 1942, the National Neurology and Psychiatry Conference undoubtedly played a major role in the attempt to overthrow the dominant ideas in the field of Spanish psychiatry and displace its most influential figures. This article seeks to analyse the Conference's main organizational features and examine its most significant content, with the aim of evaluating its strategic importance in the context of both the psychiatrists' professional and scientific interests and their ideological and political concerns...
2017: Dynamis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192560/in-memoriam-richard-j-traystman-1942-2017
#5
Patricia D Hurn, Paco S Herson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161361/trajectories-of-frailty-among-chinese-older-people-in-hong-kong-between-2001-and-2012-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#6
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, K C Chong, Billy Chang, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
Background: there is little evidence to suggest that older people today are living in better health than their predecessors did at the same age. Only a few studies have evaluated whether there are birth cohort effects on frailty, an indicator of health in older people, encompassing physical, functional and mental health dimensions. Objectives: this study examined longitudinal trajectories of frailty among Chinese older people in Hong Kong. Methods: this study utilised data from the 18 Elderly Health Centres of the Department of Health comprising a total of 417,949 observations from 94,550 community-dwelling Chinese people aged ≥65 years in one early birth cohort (1901-23) and four later birth cohorts (1924-29, 1930-35, 1936-41, 1942-47) collected between 2001 and 2012, to examine trajectories of the frailty index and how birth cohorts may have contributed to the trends using an age-period-cohort analysis...
November 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142036/effect-of-glucocorticoids-on-the-clinical-and-radiographic-efficacy-of-tofacitinib-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-posthoc-analysis-of-data-from-6-phase-iii-studies
#7
Christina Charles-Schoeman, Désirée van der Heijde, Gerd R Burmester, Peter Nash, Cristiano A F Zerbini, Carol A Connell, Haiyun Fan, Kenneth Kwok, Eustratios Bananis, Roy Fleischmann
OBJECTIVE: Tofacitinib has been investigated for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in phase III studies in which concomitant glucocorticoids (GC) were allowed. We analyzed the effect of GC use on efficacy outcomes in patients with RA receiving tofacitinib and/or methotrexate (MTX) or conventional synthetic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (csDMARD) in these studies. METHODS: Our posthoc analysis included data from 6 phase III studies (NCT01039688; NCT00814307; NCT00847613; NCT00853385; NCT00856544; NCT00960440)...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137813/reasons-for-seagrass-optimism-local-ecological-knowledge-confirms-presence-of-dugongs
#8
Leanne C Cullen-Unsworth, Benjamin L Jones, Rachel Seary, Rhian Newman, Richard K F Unsworth
Dugongs (Dugong dugon) depend on seagrass meadows for food. As such seagrass and dugong conservation should go hand in hand. Assessing dugong populations is notoriously challenging. In the most resource dependent communities Local Ecological Knowledge (LEK) is generally high and can provide an alternative to the use of expensive ecological surveys to understand dugong populations and support associated resource management decisions. Residents of the Wakatobi National Park (WNP), SE Sulawesi, Indonesia are highly dependent on marine resources for livelihoods and correspondingly LEK is high...
November 11, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118608/a-revision-of-the-family-ameroseiidae-acari-mesostigmata-with-some-data-on-slovak-fauna
#9
Peter Mašán
The family Ameroseiidae Evans, 1961 (Acari: Mesostigmata) includes a total of 12 valid and adequately described genera, namely Afrocypholaelaps Elsen, 1972, Ameroseiella Bregetova, 1977, Ameroseius Berlese, 1904, Asperolaelaps Womersley, 1956, Brontispalaelaps Womersley, 1956, Epicriopsis Berlese, 1916, Hattena Domrow, 1963, Kleemannia Oudemans, 1930, Neocypholaelaps Vitzthum, 1942, Pseudoameroseiusgen. n., Sertitympanum Elsen & Whitaker, 1985 and Sinoseius Bai & Gu, 1995. One of these genera includes subgenera, namely Kleemannia (Primoseius) Womersley, 1956...
2017: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083073/dental-hygienist-attendance-and-its-covariates-in-an-ageing-swedish-cohort
#10
Anne N Åstrøm, Gunnar Ekbäck, Sven Ordell, Stein A Lie, Ferda Gulcan
Delegation of tasks between professional groups is important to make health-care services accessible and effective for ageing people. Focussing on a Swedish 1942 birth cohort and guided by Andersen's Behavioral Model, this study assessed dental hygienist attendance from age 50 to age 70 and identified covariates at the population-averaged and person-specific levels. In 1992, a census of 50-yr-old subjects was invited to participate in a questionnaire survey. Of the 6,346 respondents, 3,585 completed follow-ups in 1997, 2002, 2007, and 2012...
October 30, 2017: European Journal of Oral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081316/conditions-of-life-and-death-of-psychiatric-patients-in-france-during-world-war-ii-euthanasia-or-collateral-casualties
#11
Patrick Lemoine, Stephen M Stahl
Between 1940 and 1944, an estimated 48,588 patients resident in French psychiatric hospitals died of starvation. Standard prisons, while facing similar problems, did not experience the same number of deaths by starvation, partly due to their ability to develop a black market for food and rations. Patients in psychiatric hospitals, on the other hand, were completely at the mercy of their doctors and the personnel in charge. At Hôpital du Vinatier, a psychiatric facility in Lyon, the mortality rate increased sharply from 1940 to 1944...
October 30, 2017: CNS Spectrums
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076250/obituary-duncan-stephen-pepper-1942-2017
#12
A Farrugia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Transfusion Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072342/use-of-long-term-data-to-evaluate-loss-and-endangerment-status-of-natura-2000-habitats-and-effects-of-protected-areas
#13
Marianna Biró, János Bölöni, Zsolt Molnár
Habitat loss is a key driver of biodiversity loss. However, hardly any long-term time series analyses of habitat loss are available above the local scale for finer-level habitat categories. In this paper we analyse, from a long-term perspective, the habitat specificity of habitat area loss, the change in trends since the fall of communism and the impact of protected areas on habitat loss. We studied twenty semi-natural habitat types in 5000 randomly selected localities over seven time periods between 1783 and 2013, using historical maps, archival and recent aerial/satellite imagery, botanical descriptions and field data...
October 26, 2017: Conservation Biology: the Journal of the Society for Conservation Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044147/qtl-analysis-of-four-main-stem-bark-traits-using-a-gbs-snp-based-high-density-genetic-map-in-ramie
#14
Chan Liu, Siyuan Zhu, Shouwei Tang, Hongwu Wang, Xia Zheng, Xiaorong Chen, Qiuzhong Dai, Touming Liu
Ramie fiber extracted from ramie stem bark (RSB) is a highly important natural fiber, and therefore, RSB is an economically important plant organ. The genetic basis of RSB traits is poorly understood. In the present study, fiber yield and three RSB traits (bark thickness, bark weight, and fiber output ratio) were subject to quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis using an F2 agamous line population derived from two ramie varieties (Qingdaye and Zhongzhu 1). A total of 4338 high-quality single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified using the genotyping-by-sequencing technique and were subsequently used to construct a high-density genetic map spanning 1942...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029319/new-records-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-diptera-psychodidae-from-the-state-of-alagoas-northeast-of-brazil
#15
Moises Thiago de Souza Freitas, Carlos Fernando Rocha Dos Santos, Edilberto Marinho de Andrade, Carlos Brisola Marcondes, Valdir de Queiroz Balbino, Felipe Arley Costa Pessoa
Phlebotomine sand flies are small insects of great medical importance. This study presents new records of phlebotomine sand flies, which augment the list of species, recorded in the state of Alagoas, Brazil. Sand flies were collected using CDC miniature light traps. Collections were made between November 2008 and April 2016, in 47 municipalities within the state of Alagoas. Twenty-seven thousand two-hundred forty-four sand flies were collected, representing 18 species in seven genera. Lutzomyia longipalpis was the predominant species (85...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024603/exercise-tolerance-during-muscle-contractions-below-and-above-the-critical-torque-in-different-muscle-groups
#16
Leonardo Henrique Perinotto Abdalla, Benedito Sérgio Denadai, Natalia Menezes Bassan, Camila Coelho Greco
The objective of this study was to test the hypotheses that end-test torque (ET) (expressed as % maximal voluntary contraction - MVC) is higher for plantar flexors (PF) than knee extensors (KE) muscles, whereas impulse above ET (IET) is higher for KE than PF. Thus, we expected that exercise tolerance would be longer for KE than PF only during the exercise performed above ET. After the determination of MVC, forty men performed two 5-min all-out tests to determine ET and IET. Eleven participants performed a further four intermittent isometric tests, to exhaustion, at ET + 5% and ET - 5%, and one test for KE at the exercise intensity (%MVC) corresponding to ET + 5% of PF...
October 12, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023929/friendship-in-war-camaraderie-and-prevention-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-prevention
#17
Michael D Nevarez, Hannah M Yee, Robert J Waldinger
Aspects of social support during combat deployment, such as unit cohesion, have been shown to affect later posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) development among veterans. We utilized a longitudinal database to assess how relationship quality with fellow soldiers in World War II (WWII) might be linked with postwar PTSD symptoms. Data were available on 101 men who experienced combat exposure in WWII, documented through postwar assessment. Upon study entry (1939 to 1942), data were collected on the quality of participants' early childhood relationships and their emotional adjustment during college...
October 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977668/sleep-duration-mortality-and-heredity-a-prospective-twin-study
#18
Torbjörn Åkerstedt, Jurgita Narusyte, Kristina Alexanderson, Pia Svedberg
Introduction: A number of studies have shown a U-shaped association between sleep duration and mortality. Since sleep duration is partly genetically determined, it seems likely that its association with mortality is also genetically influenced. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the influence on heredity on the association between sleep duration and mortality. Methods: We used a cohort of 14267 twins from the Swedish Twin Registry. Results: A Cox proportional hazards regression analysis, adjusted for a number of covariates, confirmed a clear U shape with a hazard ratio (HR) = 1...
July 29, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973591/war-medicine-and-cultural-diplomacy-in-the-americas-frank-wilson-and-brazilian-cardiology
#19
Simone P Kropf, Joel D Howell
American cultural diplomacy played a key role in the institutionalization of Brazilian cardiology. In 1942, Frank Wilson, an internationally recognized pioneer in electrocardiography, made an extended wartime visit to Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. The visit was sponsored by the United States Department of State as part of Roosevelt's Good Neighbor Policy and brought Wilson together with a group of physicians who would establish the specialty of cardiology in Brazil. This US cultural and diplomatic initiative strengthened an academic network that was already evolving and would eventually prove to be of benefit to both sides...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972356/-in-search-for-the-grave-of-100-poles-executed-on-march-20-1942-in-zgierz-poland-research-by-sigo-network-for-genetic-identification-of-victims
#20
Renata Jacewicz, Andrzej Ossowski, Olgierd Ławrynowicz, Maciej Jędrzejczyk, Adam Prośniak, Katarzyna Bąbol-Pokora, Marta Diepenbroek, Maria Szargut, Grażyna Zielińska, Jarosław Berent
It can be reasonably assumed that remains exhumed in 2012 and 2013 during archaeological explorations conducted in the Lućmierz Forest, an important area on the map of the German Nazi terror in the region of Lodz (Poland), are in fact the remains of a hundred Poles murdered by the Nazis in Zgierz on March 20, 1942. By virtue of a decision of the Polish Institute of National Remembrance's Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes Against the Polish Nation, the verification of this research hypothesis was entrusted to SIGO (Network for Genetic Identification of Victims) Consortium appointed by virtue of an agreement of December 11, 2015...
2017: Archiwum Medycyny Sa̧dowej i Kryminologii
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