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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626749/a-century-spent-combating-rabies-in-morocco-1911-2015-how-much-longer
#1
Sami Darkaoui, Florence Cliquet, Marine Wasniewski, Emmanuelle Robardet, Nadia Aboulfidaa, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Ouafaa Fassi-Fihri
Rabies has no known beginning in Morocco and to date, government control efforts and plans fail to eradicate the disease. A review and analysis of available epidemiological data are crucial to learn lessons from the past and to propose effective actions. Legally, animal rabies is a notifiable disease since 1913 and legislation has been updated periodically since. Dogs have always been considered as both the disease's vector and reservoir, while cattle, other herbivores, and humans are victims. Animal rabies cases evolution from 1942 to 2015 is characterized by ascending phase then decreasing one following structured rabies control plan implementation in 1980s...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609890/revision-of-the-funnel-web-spider-genus-i-novalena-i-araneae-agelenidae
#2
Julieta Maya-Morales, María Luisa Jiménez
The Western Hemisphere genus Novalena Chamberlin & Ivie 1942 (Araneae: Agelenidae) is revised. The genus now includes a total of 53 species, of which 40 are new species from USA, Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica: N. ajusco sp. nov. (♀), N. alamo sp. nov. (♂), N. alvarezi sp. nov. (♀), N. atzimbo sp. nov. (♀), N. bosencheve sp. nov. (♂), N. chamberlini sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. cieneguilla sp. nov. (♀), N. cintalapa sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. clara sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. comaltepec sp. nov. (♀), N. creel sp...
May 5, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590223/2017-amca-memorial-lecture-honoree-dr-jimmy-karl-olson-1942-2015
#3
William J Sames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585121/ultra-sensitive-troponin-i-is-an-independent-predictor-of-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-general-population
#4
Bernhard M Kaess, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Astrid Zierer, Christa Meisinger, Simone Wahl, Annette Peters, John Todd, Christian Herder, Cornelia Huth, Barbara Thorand, Wolfgang Koenig
Troponins are sensitive markers of myocardial injury and predictive of cardiovascular events, but conventional assays fail to detect slightly elevated troponins in a considerable proportion of the general population. Using a novel ultrasensitive assay, we explored the relationship of troponin levels with the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a case-cohort sample (mean age 52.5 ± 0.2 years, 51.5% women) comprising 803 CHD cases and 1942 non-cases. Ultrasensitive troponin I was detectable in 99...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574674/origins-of-the-electronic-apex-locator-achieving-success-with-strict-adherence-to-business
#5
James L Gutmann
Current history would have you believe that the evolution and development of the electronic apex locator for use during root canal procedures emanated from the work of Suzuki in 1942, which was developed as a product by Sunada in 1962. Yes, this is partly correct, however the concept of using electrical means to locate the ends of root canals was brought to the dental profession as early as 1918 by Dr. Levitt Ellsworth Custer, which was not addressed until Suzuki revisited Custer's concepts. This contribution was only one of the many that Custer proffered as he championed the use of electricity in dentistry...
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566483/the-sources-of-adaptive-variation
#6
REVIEW
Deborah Charlesworth, Nicholas H Barton, Brian Charlesworth
The role of natural selection in the evolution of adaptive phenotypes has undergone constant probing by evolutionary biologists, employing both theoretical and empirical approaches. As Darwin noted, natural selection can act together with other processes, including random changes in the frequencies of phenotypic differences that are not under strong selection, and changes in the environment, which may reflect evolutionary changes in the organisms themselves. As understanding of genetics developed after 1900, the new genetic discoveries were incorporated into evolutionary biology...
May 31, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545149/persistence-of-lineage-iv-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-within-israel-since-1993-an-evolutionary-perspective
#7
Brian Clarke, Mana Mahapatra, Orly Friedgut, Velizar Bumbarov, Satya Parida
Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is one of the most important infectious diseases of domesticated small ruminants. From the initial identification in 1942 in West Africa, PPR virus (PPRV) has spread throughout much of the developing world. PPRV is now considered endemic throughout Africa, with the notable exception of South Africa, the Middle-East and Israel, as well as South-, East-, and Central Asia. Despite this widespread dispersal, the evolution and transmission of PPRV in endemic populations is not well understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497312/phenytoin-neuroprotection-or-neurotoxicity
#8
REVIEW
Jan M Keppel Hesselink, David J Kopsky
Phenytoin is an 80-year young molecule and new indications are still emerging. The neuroprotective potential of phenytoin has been evaluated for decades. Recently, a positive phase II trial supported its further development in the treatment of optic neuritis in multiple sclerosis. In 1942, however, peripheral neuritis was first reported to be an adverse event of phenytoin, and since then a small but steady stream of publications discussed peripheral polyneuropathy as being a possible adverse event of phenytoin...
June 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495480/-fabien-arcelin-1876-1942-or-how-to-become-a-radiation-oncologist-when-born-an-archeologist
#9
N Foray
Fabien Arcelin, physician working in Lyon, pioneer of radiology and radiotherapy, was both mentored by Destot (one of the fathers of the French radiology for his thesis of medicine) and by his own father Adrien Arcelin (one of the two codiscoverers of the prehistorical site of the Roche-de-Solutré in Burgundy) for archeological works. Hence, radiologist in Lyon during the week and archeologist during the weekend, Fabien Arcelin made significant advances in both radiation research and archeology. He was notably the discoverer of the first tombs of Aurignacian men...
May 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492447/the-yellow-fever-vaccine-misadventure-of-1942
#10
John S Marr, John T Cathey
In 1942, a hepatitis B outbreak occurred in the US Army after vaccination with contaminated lots of 17D yellow fever vaccine; long-term sequelae were surprisingly limited, and retrospective studies of carrier rates, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma were found to be minimal. Later studies identified the contaminant as hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the human serum component of the vaccine. Other than 2 follow-up studies of long-term sequelae and reports within US Military archives, the event has never been fully elucidated in its proper historical context in the medical literature available through MEDLINE (PubMed)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490663/quantitative-estimated-exposure-to-vinyl-chloride-and-risk-of-angiosarcoma-of-the-liver-and-hepatocellular-cancer-in-the-us-industry-wide-vinyl-chloride-cohort-mortality-update-through-2013
#11
Kenneth A Mundt, Linda D Dell, Lori Crawford, Alexa E Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mortality risks of angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL), primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other cancers among 9951 men employed between 1942 and 1972 at 35 US vinyl chloride (VC) or polyvinyl chloride plants followed for mortality through 31 December 2013. METHODS: SMR and time-dependent Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to evaluate mortality risks by cumulative VC exposure. RESULTS: Liver cancer mortality was elevated (SMR=2...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466454/renal-osteodystrophy-time-for-common-nomenclature
#12
REVIEW
Susan M Ott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The term renal osteodystrophy has been used to describe a wide variety of bone problems facing patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here, we review the history of the use of this term. RECENT FINDINGS: Bone disease resulting from CKD was first noticed in 1890. The term "renal osteodystrophy" was used to define the bone disease in 1942. Since then, important discoveries have increased our knowledge of the complexities of bone physiology in these patients...
May 2, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463010/behavioral-patterns-and-associations-with-glucose-control-during-12-week-randomized-free-living-clinical-trial-of-day-and-night-hybrid-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Ali Emami, Malgorzata E Willinska, Hood Thabit, Lalantha Leelarathna, Sara Hartnell, Sibylle Dellweg, Carsten Benesch, Julia K Mader, Manuel Holzer, Harald Kojzar, Thomas R Pieber, Sabine Arnolds, Mark L Evans, Roman Hovorka
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated patterns of meal intake, insulin bolus delivery, and fingerstick glucose measurements during hybrid closed-loop and sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy, including associations with glucose control. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from pump-treated adults with type 1 diabetes who underwent, in random order, 12 weeks free-living closed-loop (n = 32) and 12 weeks SAP (n = 33) periods. We quantified daily patterns of main meals, snacks, prandial insulin boluses, correction boluses, and fingerstick glucose measurements by analyzing data recorded on the study glucometer and on study insulin pump...
May 2, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458793/osteosarcoma-of-the-larynx-treatment-outcomes-and-patterns-of-failure-analysis
#14
Nathan R Bennion, Michael J Baine, Timothy Malouff, Weining Zhen
The incidence of laryngeal sarcoma is exceedingly low with osteosarcomas of the larynx being rarer still, comprising less than 1% of all associated malignancies. To date, only 32 cases have been reported since this pathologic entity was first described in 1942. In this article, we discuss the most recent case of laryngeal osteosarcoma in a patient presenting with respiratory distress found to be due to a tumor mass arising from her cricoid cartilage. We further summarize current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of this uncommon disease...
March 24, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#15
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422888/18f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-the-primary-tumor-in-adults-with-extracervical-metastases-from-cancer-of-unknown-primary-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Synne Alexandra Burglin, Søren Hess, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Oke Gerke
BACKGROUND: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a heterogeneous group of cancers, so called when a biopsy from a patient reveals malignancy without giving a clue to where in the body the primary tumor is located. Whole-body 18-fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission-tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is widely used for diagnosis and staging of most cancers. We hypothesized that 18F-FDG PET/CT-especially if used early-is suitable for the detection of the primary tumor in patients with CUP...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#17
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403312/nursing-throughout-war-times-political-propaganda-and-professional-valorization-1942-1945
#18
Thais da Silva Kneodler, Graciele Oroski Paes, Fernando Rocha Porto, Pedro Ruiz Barbosa Nassar, Alexandre Barbosa de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to discuss the symbolic effects of the publication on written press of institutional rites related to the courses promoted by the Brazilian Federal District's Schools of Nursing during the Second World War. METHOD: exploratory and documentary study, whose sources were treated by historical method. RESULTS: one noticed, in the news reports analyzed, that the Brazilian Estado Novo has used nurses images to divulge within the society the woman's acting altruistic model in service to the country, through the systematic diffusion by the press of her honorable acting during the war, what assured the amplification of the visibility and acknowledgment of the Nursing profession in that context...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392651/degos-like-lesions-associated-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#19
Min Soo Jang, Jong Bin Park, Myeong Hyeon Yang, Ji Yun Jang, Joon Hee Kim, Kang Hoon Lee, Geun Tae Kim, Hyun Hwangbo, Kee Suck Suh
Degos disease, also referred to as malignant atrophic papulosis, was first described in 1941 by Köhlmeier and was independently described by Degos in 1942. Degos disease is characterized by diffuse, papular skin eruptions with porcelain-white centers and slightly raised erythematous telangiectatic rims associated with bowel infarction. Although the etiology of Degos disease is unknown, autoimmune diseases, coagulation disorders, and vasculitis have all been considered as underlying pathogenic mechanisms. Approximately 15% of Degos disease have a benign course limited to the skin and no history of gastrointestinal or central nervous system (CNS) involvement...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384641/inception-and-development-of-the-papanicolaou-stain-method
#20
Nikolaos Chantziantoniou, Amber D Donnelly, Maheswari Mukherjee, Mathilde E Boon, R Marshall Austin
OBJECTIVE: Cytodiagnoses of specific malignancies are enabled through analyses of abnormal nuclear chromatin and cytoplasmic features in stained cells. AIM: The objective of this work was to explore the inception, development, and chemistry of the Pap stain method introduced in 1942 by Dr. G.N. Papanicolaou. STUDY DESIGN: To achieve this, we carried out a review of the English literature. RESULTS: Between 1914 and 1933, Papanicolaou first analyzed vaginal squamous cells in guinea pigs and later in human vaginal fluid samples using hematoxylin and eosin with limited color reactions, correlating the cell-type morphology with endocrinology and histology...
April 7, 2017: Acta Cytologica
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