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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730799/a-historical-overview-of-laryngeal-carcinoma-and-the-first-total-laryngectomies
#1
Marianna Karamanou, Kostas Markatos, Maria Lymperi, Emmanouil Agapitos, George Androutsos
Laryngeal cancer was a well known entity since antiquity and its treatment evolved through several phases. The lack of knowledge in anatomy and pathology as well as the absence of anesthesia and proper instrumentation made the treatment almost impossible. Ancient physicians were performing laryngotomy or tracheotomy in an attempt to prevent the suffocation symptoms produced by tumoral masses. In 19th century the invention of laryngoscope and the advent of pathology and anesthesiology encouraged surgeons to operate on man...
May 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719270/mycetoma-madura-foot-in-israel-recent-cases-and-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#2
Ohad Bitan, Yonit Wiener-Well, Rina Segal, Eli Schwartz
AbstractMycetoma is a chronic soft tissue infection caused by fungal or bacterial pathogens, and is endemic in tropical and subtropical regions. Cases in developed countries outside the mycetoma belt are rare and usually imported by immigrants. Sporadic cases have been reported in Israel. Unpublished cases in the participating medical centers are reported. In addition, a systematic review of the literature was performed. All published mycetoma cases diagnosed in Israel were included with relevant variables collected...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674952/a-new-genus-and-species-of%C3%A2-the-trypanorhynch-family-otobothriidae-dollfus-1942-from-the-slender-weasel-shark-paragaleus-randalli-compagno-krupp-carpenter-hemigaleidae-in-the-persian-gulf
#3
Mohammad Haseli, Zahra Malekpour Fard
A survey on the cestode fauna of Paragaleus randalli Compagno, Krupp & Carpenter in the Persian Gulf resulted in the discovery of a new trypanorhynch species of the family Otobothriidae Dollfus, 1942, the second otobothrioid species hosted by the family Hemigaleidae Hasse. The new species exhibits the closest morphological similarity to Pristiorhynchus palmi Schaeffner & Beveridge, 2013, the type- and only species of its genus. However, the new species differs from P. palmi in the position of the bothrial pits, the morphology and oncotaxy of the basal armature, the commencement of the hook files on the internal surface, a wider scolex peduncle in the pars bulbosa than in the pars vaginalis, a long neck and the presence of a lateral bothrial groove connecting the two bothrial pits to each other...
July 3, 2017: Systematic Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674156/the-botulinum-toxin-legend-of-reinhard-heydrich-s-death-the-end-of-himmler-s-brain
#4
Laurent Tatu, Wolfgang Jost, Julien Bogousslavsky
The high-ranking German Nazi Reinhard Heydrich (1904-1942) was one of the main organizers of the mass murder of Jews during the Second World War. He died on June 4, 1942, in Prague after having been wounded in Operation Anthropoid planned by the British intelligence services. Since the 1970s and 1980s, Heydrich's death has been frequently presented in British, American, and French literature as the consequence of a bacteriologic attack. Botulinum toxin would have been used in the grenades or ammunition. We discuss the botulinum toxin hypothesis using the now declassified British archives of Operation Anthropoid and of the chemical and bacteriologic warfare centers to assess this hypothesis...
July 4, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647311/a-collection-of-brain-sections-of-euthanasia-victims-the-series-h-of-julius-hallervorden
#5
Heinz Wässle
Julius Hallervorden, a distinguished German neuropathologist, admitted on several occasions that he had received some five hundred brains of "euthanasia" victims from the Nazi killing centres for the insane. He investigated the brains in the summer of 1942; however, their traces were subsequently lost. The present study shows, that the Series H, which was part of the Hallervorden collection of brain sections in the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, comprises the brain sections of the above mentioned five hundred euthanasia victims...
June 21, 2017: Endeavour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626749/a-century-spent-combating-rabies-in-morocco-1911-2015-how-much-longer
#6
Sami Darkaoui, Florence Cliquet, Marine Wasniewski, Emmanuelle Robardet, Nadia Aboulfidaa, Mohammed Bouslikhane, Ouafaa Fassi-Fihri
Rabies has no known beginning in Morocco and to date, government control efforts and plans fail to eradicate the disease. A review and analysis of available epidemiological data are crucial to learn lessons from the past and to propose effective actions. Legally, animal rabies is a notifiable disease since 1913 and legislation has been updated periodically since. Dogs have always been considered as both the disease's vector and reservoir, while cattle, other herbivores, and humans are victims. Animal rabies cases evolution from 1942 to 2015 is characterized by ascending phase then decreasing one following structured rabies control plan implementation in 1980s...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609890/revision-of-the-funnel-web-spider-genus-i-novalena-i-araneae-agelenidae
#7
Julieta Maya-Morales, María Luisa Jiménez
The Western Hemisphere genus Novalena Chamberlin & Ivie 1942 (Araneae: Agelenidae) is revised. The genus now includes a total of 53 species, of which 40 are new species from USA, Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica: N. ajusco sp. nov. (♀), N. alamo sp. nov. (♂), N. alvarezi sp. nov. (♀), N. atzimbo sp. nov. (♀), N. bosencheve sp. nov. (♂), N. chamberlini sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. cieneguilla sp. nov. (♀), N. cintalapa sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. clara sp. nov. (♂ ♀), N. comaltepec sp. nov. (♀), N. creel sp...
May 5, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590223/2017-amca-memorial-lecture-honoree-dr-jimmy-karl-olson-1942-2015
#8
William J Sames
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585121/ultra-sensitive-troponin-i-is-an-independent-predictor-of-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-the-general-population
#9
Bernhard M Kaess, Tonia de Las Heras Gala, Astrid Zierer, Christa Meisinger, Simone Wahl, Annette Peters, John Todd, Christian Herder, Cornelia Huth, Barbara Thorand, Wolfgang Koenig
Troponins are sensitive markers of myocardial injury and predictive of cardiovascular events, but conventional assays fail to detect slightly elevated troponins in a considerable proportion of the general population. Using a novel ultrasensitive assay, we explored the relationship of troponin levels with the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in a case-cohort sample (mean age 52.5 ± 0.2 years, 51.5% women) comprising 803 CHD cases and 1942 non-cases. Ultrasensitive troponin I was detectable in 99...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574674/origins-of-the-electronic-apex-locator-achieving-success-with-strict-adherence-to-business
#10
James L Gutmann
Current history would have you believe that the evolution and development of the electronic apex locator for use during root canal procedures emanated from the work of Suzuki in 1942, which was developed as a product by Sunada in 1962. Yes, this is partly correct, however the concept of using electrical means to locate the ends of root canals was brought to the dental profession as early as 1918 by Dr. Levitt Ellsworth Custer, which was not addressed until Suzuki revisited Custer's concepts. This contribution was only one of the many that Custer proffered as he championed the use of electricity in dentistry...
2017: Journal of the History of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566483/the-sources-of-adaptive-variation
#11
REVIEW
Deborah Charlesworth, Nicholas H Barton, Brian Charlesworth
The role of natural selection in the evolution of adaptive phenotypes has undergone constant probing by evolutionary biologists, employing both theoretical and empirical approaches. As Darwin noted, natural selection can act together with other processes, including random changes in the frequencies of phenotypic differences that are not under strong selection, and changes in the environment, which may reflect evolutionary changes in the organisms themselves. As understanding of genetics developed after 1900, the new genetic discoveries were incorporated into evolutionary biology...
May 31, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545149/persistence-of-lineage-iv-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-within-israel-since-1993-an-evolutionary-perspective
#12
Brian Clarke, Mana Mahapatra, Orly Friedgut, Velizar Bumbarov, Satya Parida
Peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) is one of the most important infectious diseases of domesticated small ruminants. From the initial identification in 1942 in West Africa, PPR virus (PPRV) has spread throughout much of the developing world. PPRV is now considered endemic throughout Africa, with the notable exception of South Africa, the Middle-East and Israel, as well as South-, East-, and Central Asia. Despite this widespread dispersal, the evolution and transmission of PPRV in endemic populations is not well understood...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497312/phenytoin-neuroprotection-or-neurotoxicity
#13
REVIEW
Jan M Keppel Hesselink, David J Kopsky
Phenytoin is an 80-year young molecule and new indications are still emerging. The neuroprotective potential of phenytoin has been evaluated for decades. Recently, a positive phase II trial supported its further development in the treatment of optic neuritis in multiple sclerosis. In 1942, however, peripheral neuritis was first reported to be an adverse event of phenytoin, and since then a small but steady stream of publications discussed peripheral polyneuropathy as being a possible adverse event of phenytoin...
June 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495480/-fabien-arcelin-1876-1942-or-how-to-become-a-radiation-oncologist-when-born-an-archeologist
#14
N Foray
Fabien Arcelin, physician working in Lyon, pioneer of radiology and radiotherapy, was both mentored by Destot (one of the fathers of the French radiology for his thesis of medicine) and by his own father Adrien Arcelin (one of the two codiscoverers of the prehistorical site of the Roche-de-Solutré in Burgundy) for archeological works. Hence, radiologist in Lyon during the week and archeologist during the weekend, Fabien Arcelin made significant advances in both radiation research and archeology. He was notably the discoverer of the first tombs of Aurignacian men...
May 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492447/the-yellow-fever-vaccine-misadventure-of-1942
#15
John S Marr, John T Cathey
In 1942, a hepatitis B outbreak occurred in the US Army after vaccination with contaminated lots of 17D yellow fever vaccine; long-term sequelae were surprisingly limited, and retrospective studies of carrier rates, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma were found to be minimal. Later studies identified the contaminant as hepatitis B virus (HBV) in the human serum component of the vaccine. Other than 2 follow-up studies of long-term sequelae and reports within US Military archives, the event has never been fully elucidated in its proper historical context in the medical literature available through MEDLINE (PubMed)...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490663/quantitative-estimated-exposure-to-vinyl-chloride-and-risk-of-angiosarcoma-of-the-liver-and-hepatocellular-cancer-in-the-us-industry-wide-vinyl-chloride-cohort-mortality-update-through-2013
#16
Kenneth A Mundt, Linda D Dell, Lori Crawford, Alexa E Gallagher
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate mortality risks of angiosarcoma of the liver (ASL), primary hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and other cancers among 9951 men employed between 1942 and 1972 at 35 US vinyl chloride (VC) or polyvinyl chloride plants followed for mortality through 31 December 2013. METHODS: SMR and time-dependent Cox proportional hazards analyses were used to evaluate mortality risks by cumulative VC exposure. RESULTS: Liver cancer mortality was elevated (SMR=2...
May 10, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466454/renal-osteodystrophy-time-for-common-nomenclature
#17
REVIEW
Susan M Ott
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The term renal osteodystrophy has been used to describe a wide variety of bone problems facing patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Here, we review the history of the use of this term. RECENT FINDINGS: Bone disease resulting from CKD was first noticed in 1890. The term "renal osteodystrophy" was used to define the bone disease in 1942. Since then, important discoveries have increased our knowledge of the complexities of bone physiology in these patients...
May 2, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463010/behavioral-patterns-and-associations-with-glucose-control-during-12-week-randomized-free-living-clinical-trial-of-day-and-night-hybrid-closed-loop-insulin-delivery-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Ali Emami, Malgorzata E Willinska, Hood Thabit, Lalantha Leelarathna, Sara Hartnell, Sibylle Dellweg, Carsten Benesch, Julia K Mader, Manuel Holzer, Harald Kojzar, Thomas R Pieber, Sabine Arnolds, Mark L Evans, Roman Hovorka
OBJECTIVES: We evaluated patterns of meal intake, insulin bolus delivery, and fingerstick glucose measurements during hybrid closed-loop and sensor-augmented pump (SAP) therapy, including associations with glucose control. METHODS: Data were retrospectively analyzed from pump-treated adults with type 1 diabetes who underwent, in random order, 12 weeks free-living closed-loop (n = 32) and 12 weeks SAP (n = 33) periods. We quantified daily patterns of main meals, snacks, prandial insulin boluses, correction boluses, and fingerstick glucose measurements by analyzing data recorded on the study glucometer and on study insulin pump...
July 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458793/osteosarcoma-of-the-larynx-treatment-outcomes-and-patterns-of-failure-analysis
#19
Nathan R Bennion, Michael J Baine, Timothy Malouff, Weining Zhen
The incidence of laryngeal sarcoma is exceedingly low with osteosarcomas of the larynx being rarer still, comprising less than 1% of all associated malignancies. To date, only 32 cases have been reported since this pathologic entity was first described in 1942. In this article, we discuss the most recent case of laryngeal osteosarcoma in a patient presenting with respiratory distress found to be due to a tumor mass arising from her cricoid cartilage. We further summarize current knowledge regarding the epidemiology, presentation, and diagnosis of this uncommon disease...
March 24, 2017: Rare Tumors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#20
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
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