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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426782/peste-des-petits-ruminants-ppr-a-neglected-tropical-disease-in-maghreb-region-of-north-africa-and-its-threat-to-europe
#1
Ratiba Baazizi, Mana Mahapatra, Brian Donald Clarke, Khatima Ait-Oudhia, Djamel Khelef, Satya Parida
BACKGROUND: Peste des petits ruminants (PPR) is a contagious disease listed by the World Organisation for Animal health (OIE) as being a specific hazard. It affects sheep, goats, and wild ungulates, and is prevalent throughout the developing world particularly Asia, the Middle East, and Africa. PPR has been targeted for eradication by 2030 by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the OIE, after the successful eradication of the related disease, rinderpest in cattle...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422888/18f-fdg-pet-ct-for-detection-of-the-primary-tumor-in-adults-with-extracervical-metastases-from-cancer-of-unknown-primary-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Synne Alexandra Burglin, Søren Hess, Poul Flemming Høilund-Carlsen, Oke Gerke
BACKGROUND: Cancer of unknown primary (CUP) is a heterogeneous group of cancers, so called when a biopsy from a patient reveals malignancy without giving a clue to where in the body the primary tumor is located. Whole-body 18-fluorine-fluorodeoxyglucose positron-emission-tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) is widely used for diagnosis and staging of most cancers. We hypothesized that 18F-FDG PET/CT-especially if used early-is suitable for the detection of the primary tumor in patients with CUP...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405215/the-american-psychosomatic-society-integrating-mind-brain-body-and-social-context-in-medicine-since-1942
#3
REVIEW
Christoph Herrmann-Lingen
BACKGROUND: The American Psychosomatic Society is one of the oldest and probably the most influential scientific society in psychosomatic/biopsychosocial research worldwide. The current article delineates the historical development and current strategic orientation of the society. METHOD: Review of published literature, archived materials and current documents of the society. RESULTS: The American Psychosomatic Society (APS) was founded in 1942, originally named the "American Society for Research in Psychosomatic Problems "...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403312/nursing-throughout-war-times-political-propaganda-and-professional-valorization-1942-1945
#4
Thais da Silva Kneodler, Graciele Oroski Paes, Fernando Rocha Porto, Pedro Ruiz Barbosa Nassar, Alexandre Barbosa de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: to discuss the symbolic effects of the publication on written press of institutional rites related to the courses promoted by the Brazilian Federal District's Schools of Nursing during the Second World War. METHOD: exploratory and documentary study, whose sources were treated by historical method. RESULTS: one noticed, in the news reports analyzed, that the Brazilian Estado Novo has used nurses images to divulge within the society the woman's acting altruistic model in service to the country, through the systematic diffusion by the press of her honorable acting during the war, what assured the amplification of the visibility and acknowledgment of the Nursing profession in that context...
April 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392651/degos-like-lesions-associated-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#5
Min Soo Jang, Jong Bin Park, Myeong Hyeon Yang, Ji Yun Jang, Joon Hee Kim, Kang Hoon Lee, Geun Tae Kim, Hyun Hwangbo, Kee Suck Suh
Degos disease, also referred to as malignant atrophic papulosis, was first described in 1941 by Köhlmeier and was independently described by Degos in 1942. Degos disease is characterized by diffuse, papular skin eruptions with porcelain-white centers and slightly raised erythematous telangiectatic rims associated with bowel infarction. Although the etiology of Degos disease is unknown, autoimmune diseases, coagulation disorders, and vasculitis have all been considered as underlying pathogenic mechanisms. Approximately 15% of Degos disease have a benign course limited to the skin and no history of gastrointestinal or central nervous system (CNS) involvement...
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384641/inception-and-development-of-the-papanicolaou-stain-method
#6
Nikolaos Chantziantoniou, Amber D Donnelly, Maheswari Mukherjee, Mathilde E Boon, R Marshall Austin
OBJECTIVE: Cytodiagnoses of specific malignancies are enabled through analyses of abnormal nuclear chromatin and cytoplasmic features in stained cells. AIM: The objective of this work was to explore the inception, development, and chemistry of the Pap stain method introduced in 1942 by Dr. G.N. Papanicolaou. STUDY DESIGN: To achieve this, we carried out a review of the English literature. RESULTS: Between 1914 and 1933, Papanicolaou first analyzed vaginal squamous cells in guinea pigs and later in human vaginal fluid samples using hematoxylin and eosin with limited color reactions, correlating the cell-type morphology with endocrinology and histology...
April 7, 2017: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348369/novel-molecular-approach-to-define-pest-species-status-and-tritrophic-interactions-from-historical-bemisia-specimens
#7
W T Tay, S Elfekih, A Polaszek, L N Court, G A Evans, K H J Gordon, P J De Barro
Museum specimens represent valuable genomic resources for understanding host-endosymbiont/parasitoid evolutionary relationships, resolving species complexes and nomenclatural problems. However, museum collections suffer DNA degradation, making them challenging for molecular-based studies. Here, the mitogenomes of a single 1912 Sri Lankan Bemisia emiliae cotype puparium, and of a 1942 Japanese Bemisia puparium are characterised using a Next-Generation Sequencing approach. Whiteflies are small sap-sucking insects including B...
March 27, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329522/multiple-miliary-osteoma-cutis-of-the-face-associated-with-albright-hereditary-osteodystrophy-in-the-setting-of-acne-vulgaris-a-case-report
#8
Joseph V Caravaglio, Rema Gupta, David Weinstein
Osteoma cutis is a condition characterized by theformation of bone within the skin. Such aberrantossification of the skin and subcutaneous tissue isconsidered primary when it arises in the absence ofunderlying tissue damage or a preceding cutaneouslesion. Conversely, secondary osteoma cutis occurswhen skin ossification is the result of a pre-existingskin lesion, trauma, or inflammatory process [1,2].Although rare, primary osteoma cutis has beenassociated with a number of different geneticdisorders. Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (AHO),a condition first described in 1942 by Fuller Albright,is an autosomal dominant metabolic disorder causedby a mutation in the GNAS1 gene [3]...
March 15, 2017: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264352/the-jumping-plant-lice-of-the-neotropical-genus-i-tainarys-i-hemiptera-psylloidea-associated-with-anacardiaceae
#9
Daniel Burckhardt, Dalva L Queiroz
The Neotropical psyllid genus Tainarys Brèthes, 1920 is revised to include 14 extant and one fossil species from Dominican amber. Eight species are described as new, viz. Tainarys aroeira sp. nov., T. atra sp. nov., T. hapla sp. nov., T. myracrodrui sp. nov., T. nigricornis sp. nov., T. didyma sp. nov. and T. orientalis sp. nov. from Brazil, the last two also from Uruguay, as well as T. lozadai sp. nov. from Peru. The fifth instar immatures are described for nine species. †Vicinilura Klimaszewski, 1996, erected for the fossil †V...
February 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264308/description-of-the-newly-hatched-juvenile-of-i-aegla-i-i-castro-i-schmitt-1942-crustacea-anomura-aeglidae
#10
Luane Samara Alves E Silva, Cecilia Margarita Guerrero-Ocampo, Maria Lucia Negreiros-Fransozo, Gustavo Monteiro Teixeira
This study describes and illustrates the morphology of the first juvenile stage of Aegla castro Schmitt, 1942. Ovigerous females were collected from May to July 2013, in Couro River (Mauá da Serra, Paraná, Brazil). These females were kept individually under controlled feeding, aeration, water temperature and quality and checked daily for hatching of juveniles. The newly-hatched juveniles were fixed in alcohol series and kept in 70% alcohol with glycerin in a 2:1 ratio prior to study under light microscopy...
February 26, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248665/douglas-doug-dorset-1942-2016
#11
Lisa Baugh, Mark Disko, William Lamberti, Karl Strohmaier, William Duax, John Fryer, Sven Hovmöller, Xiaodong Zou, Laurence Marks, Stavros Nicolopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section A, Foundations and Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230130/stephen-e-fienberg-1942-2016
#12
Robin Mejia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 22, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225542/historical-overview-of-leprosy-control-in-cuba
#13
Enrique Beldarraín-Chaple
INTRODUCTION Leprosy, an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae, affects the nervous system, skin, internal organs, extremities and mucous membranes. Biological, social and environmental factors influence its occurrence and transmission. The first effective treatments appeared in 1930 with the development of dapsone, a sulfone. The main components of a control and elimination strategy are early case detection and timely administration of multidrug therapy. OBJECTIVES Review the history of leprosy control in Cuba, emphasizing particularly results of the National Leprosy Control Program, its modifications and influence on leprosy control...
January 2017: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222857/liver-fibrosis-assessed-with-transient-elastography-is-an-independent-risk-factor-for-ischemic-stroke
#14
Seung Up Kim, Dongbeom Song, Ji Hoe Heo, Joonsang Yoo, Beom Kyung Kim, Jun Yong Park, Do Young Kim, Sang Hoon Ahn, Kwang Joon Kim, Kwang-Hyub Han, Young Dae Kim
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The relationship between liver fibrosis and the occurrence of ischemic stroke is unknown. We investigated the correlation between liver fibrosis assessed with transient elastography (TE) and the risk of ischemic stroke. METHODS: Between April 2013 and August 2014, patients with acute ischemic stroke and subjects who underwent a health check-up were included in the study. Liver fibrotic burden was assessed with TE in all participants. The degree of liver fibrosis was compared between groups by using various multiple logistic regression models and propensity-score matched analyses...
February 12, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219473/needham-at-the-crossroads-history-politics-and-international-science-in-wartime-china-1942-1946
#15
Thomas Mougey
In 1946, the British biochemist Joseph Needham returned from a four-year stay in China. Needham scholars have considered this visit as a revelatory period that paved the way for his famous book series Science and Civilization in China (SCC). Surprisingly, however, Needham's actual time in China has remained largely unstudied over the last seventy years. As director of the Sino-British Scientific Cooperation Office, Needham travelled throughout Free China to promote cooperation between British and Chinese scientists to contain the Japanese invasion during the Second World War...
February 21, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219086/first-report-of-awake-craniotomy-of-a-famous-musician-suprasellar-tumor-surgery-of-pianist-clara-haskil-in-1942
#16
Elena Romana Gasenzer, Ayhan Kanat, Edmund A M Neugebauer
Clara Haskil (January 7, 1895-December 7, 1960) was one of the most famous female pianists of the 20th century. In her life and work she set new standards in piano playing. However, her career was beset by poor health and the adversities of two world wars. In her lifetime Haskil had three major disorders: juvenile scoliosis requiring treatment in her adolescence, a tumor of the sellar region requiring surgery at age 47 years, and a traumatic brain injury causing her death at the age of 65. Her medical history illustrates the development of surgical methods and rehabilitation in medicine before and after World War II...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187664/-i-uroptychus-i-i-nitidus-i-a-milne-edwards-1880-and-related-species-crustacea-decapoda-anomura-chirostylidae-from-the-western-atlantic
#17
Keiji Baba, Mary K Wicksten
Eight species of squat lobsters of the genus Uroptychus are reported from the western Atlantic based on the collections of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard, the Smithsonian Institution and Texas A&M University. Uroptychus nitidus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1880) is reviewed and redescribed, with a syntype taken at Blake Station 200 off Martinique designated as the lectotype. Uroptychus alphonsei n. sp. is named for U. nitidus variety C Chace, 1942, U. fenneri n. sp. for U. nitidus variety A Chace, 1942, and U...
January 17, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177974/optimizing-radiotherapy-for-keloids-a-meta-analysis-systematic-review-comparing-recurrence-rates-between-different-radiation-modalities
#18
Peter Mankowski, Jonathan Kanevsky, Jared Tomlinson, Alina Dyachenko, Mario Luc
BACKGROUND: The high recurrence rate of keloids has lead to the use of multiple treatment adjuncts to improve cosmetic outcomes after surgery. To date, there has been no single, standardized modality agreed upon to produce the best results. The purpose of this study was to review the radiation-based treatments (brachytherapy, electron beam and X-ray) used for keloid management and compare their outcomes. METHODS: A literature review was performed from 1942 to October 2014 using the databases: PubMed database of the National Center of Biotechnology Information, MEDLINE, Biosis, Embase, Google scholar, and Cochrane database...
April 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164611/serum-level-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-9-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#19
Adina E Stanciu, Adina Zamfir-Chiru-Anton, Marcel M Stanciu, Cristian R Popescu, Dan C Gheorghe
BACKGROUND: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is characterized by the upregulation of a large number of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs). The aim of the study was to investigate the level of MMP-9 in the sera of HNSCC patients and its relationship to clinicopathological features. METHODS: Serum samples from sixty-five patients (56M/9F, 59.11 ± 9.02 years) with HNSCC were quantitatively measured by ELISA assay, before and two days after surgery. Forty healthy volunteers served as controls (29M/ 11F, 56...
August 1, 2016: Clinical Laboratory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164063/pathological-fracture-of-calcaneum-a-case-report
#20
K Salauddin Arif, S Anoop, Sandeep Ravindran
INTRODUCTION: Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are blood filled fibrous tumor-like cysts that expand the bone giving it a blown out appearance. It is usually seen in the second decade. ABCs were first described by Jaffe and Litchensen in 1942. The exact etiology is unknown. One of the most widely accepted ideas was that aneurysmal bone cyst was a consequence of increased venous pressure and subsequent dilatation and rupture of the local vascular network. However, studies by Panoutsakopoulus et al...
September 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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