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Mariana Mena Barreto Bastos, Aida Rene Assayag Hanan, Ana Mena Barreto Bastos, André Augusto Franco Marques, Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia, Emílio Carlos Sponchiado
This study aimed at evaluating the changes in surface characteristics and NiTi content of reciprocating and rotary instruments after continuous use. Thirty brand-new instruments were assigned to 3 groups (n=10): PNX1 Group - ProTaper Next system - instrument X1; PNX2 Group - ProTaper Next system - instrument X2 and WO Group - WaveOne system - Primary instrument 25.08. The instruments were used to prepare 60 simulated root canals. Analysis of surface characteristics by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and chemical analysis of Ni and Ti content by energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) were performed before and after the first and third use of the instruments...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Lídia Regina da Costa Hidalgo, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva, Graziela Bianchi Leoni, Jardel Francisco Mazzi-Chaves, Emily Eduardo da Silva Carvalho, Alberto Consolaro, Manoel Damião Sousa-Neto
The aim of the study was to evaluate canal preparation in primary molars with hand files, ProTaper Next and Self-Adjusting File (SAF) by 2D and 3D micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) analysis. Canals of 24 primary molars were prepared with hand files (HF), ProTaper Next (PTN) and SAF (n=8/group). The teeth were scanned before and after root canal preparation and the pre- and postoperative micro-CT images were reconstructed. Changes in 2D (area, perimeter, roundness, minor and major diameter) and 3D [volume, surface area, structure model index (SMI)] morphological parameters, as well as canal transportation and lateral perforations were evaluated (Kruskal-Wallis and ANOVA; a=0...
July 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
Taha Özyürek, Vildan Tek, Koray Yılmaz, Gülşah Uslu
Objectives: To determine the incidence of crack formation and propagation in apical root dentin after retreatment procedures performed using ProTaper Universal Retreatment (PTR), Mtwo-R, ProTaper Next (PTN), and Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) systems. Materials and Methods: The study consisted of 120 extracted mandibular premolars. One millimeter from the apex of each tooth was ground perpendicular to the long axis of the tooth, and the apical surface was polished...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Taha Özyürek, Koray Yılmaz, Gülşah Uslu
Objectives: It was aimed to compare the cyclic fatigue resistances of ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper Next (PTN), and ProTaper Gold (PTG) and the effects of sterilization by autoclave on the cyclic fatigue life of nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments. Materials and Methods: Eighty PTU, 80 PTN, and 80 PTG were included to the present study. Files were tested in a simulated canal. Each brand of the NiTi files were divided into 4 subgroups: group 1, as received condition; group 2, pre-sterilized instruments exposed to 10 times sterilization by autoclave; group 3, instruments tested were sterilized after being exposed to 25%, 50%, and 75% of the mean cycles to failure, then cycled fatigue test was performed; group 4, instruments exposed to the same experiment with group 3 without sterilization...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Su-Jin Jeon, Young-Mi Moon, Min-Seock Seo
Objectives: The aims of this study were to quantify tug-back by measuring the pulling force and investigate the correlation of clinical tug-back pulling force with in vitro gutta-percha (GP) cone adaptation score using micro-computed tomography (µCT). Materials and Methods: Twenty-eight roots from human single-rooted teeth were divided into 2 groups. In the ProTaper Next (PTN) group, root canals were prepared with PTN, and in the ProFile (PF) group, root canals were prepared using PF (n = 14)...
November 2017: Restorative Dentistry & Endodontics
Ayca Yilmaz, Dilek Helvacioglu-Yigit, Cansu Gur, Handan Ersev, Gullu Kiziltas Sendur, Egemen Avcu, Canan Baydemir, Paul Vincent Abbott
The purpose of this study was to compare the incidence and longitudinal propagation of dentin defects after gutta-percha removal with hand and rotary instruments using microcomputed tomography. Twenty mandibular incisors were prepared using the balanced-force technique and scanned in a 19.9 μm resolution. Following filling with the lateral compaction technique, gutta-percha was removed with ProTaper Universal Retreatment (PTUR) or hand instruments. After rescanning, a total of 24,120 cross-sectional images were analyzed...
2017: Scanning
Bhagyashree Thakur, Ajinkya M Pawar, Anda Kfir, Prasanna Neelakantan
INTRODUCTION: To assess the amount of debris extruded apically during instrumentation of distal canals of extracted primary molars by three instrument systems [ProTaper Universal (PTU), ProTaper NEXT (PTN), and self-adjusting file (SAF)] compared with conventional stainless steel hand K-files (HF, control). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Primary mandibular molars (n = 120) with a single distal canal were selected and randomly divided into four groups (n = 30) for root canal instrumentation using group I, HF (to size 0...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Hagay Shemesh, Tom Lindtner, Carlos Aznar Portoles, Paul Zaslansky
INTRODUCTION: Water loss strongly affects the mechanical behavior of dentin. Micro-computed tomography (μCT) studies exploring the influence of endodontic procedures on root cracking often lack information on the hydration state of the scanned samples. This study explores the relationship between dehydration and crack formation in root dentin with and without endodontic instrumentation. METHODS: Fifty-three extracted teeth were used. Thirty canals were not instrumented, and 23 canals were instrumented with ProTaper files until F3...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Layla Reginna Silva Munhoz de Vasconcelos, Raquel Zanin Midena, Paloma Gagliardi Minotti, Thais Cristina Pereira, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte, Flaviana Bombarda de Andrade
New technical and scientific developments have been advocated to promote the success of the endodontic treatment. In addition to rotary and reciprocating systems, irrigating solution agitation has been suggested and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) is the most used. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, in vitro, the effect of ultrasound streaming (US) in the disinfection of flattened root canal systems prepared by the ProTaper, BioRaCe and Reciproc systems, utilizing the microbiological culture...
September 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
Beau Knight, Robert M Love, Roy George
This study evaluated the effect of time and concentrations of sodium hypochlorite on the bond strength of a glass fibre post cemented in a root canal with resin cement. A total of 45 single-rooted extracted human teeth were prepared with Protaper(®) universal files, randomly allocated into nine groups and then subjected to 1% or 4% NaOCl for a period of 1 min or 2 min. Fibre posts were then bonded into the root canal, sectioned and the bond strength tested using a push-out test. A longer irrigation time resulted in a significant reduction (P < 0...
October 24, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
Janhavi Balasaheb Jagzap, Sanjay S Patil, Vandana Jaykumar Gade, Deepika J Chandhok, Madhura A Upagade, Deepa A Thakur
BACKGROUND: Removal of smear layer from the root canal walls is important for long-standing endodontic success. AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate and compare smear layer removing ability among 17% ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), Q-MIX, and phytic acid by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This in-vitro experimental study assessed smear layer removal using three different irrigants. Thirty single-rooted freshly extracted human permanent premolars were collected, disinfected, and decoronated to a standardized root length of 13 mm...
July 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Carolina Pessoa Stringheta, Rina Andréa Pelegrine, Augusto Shoji Kato, Laila Gonzales Freire, Elaine Faga Iglecias, Giulio Gavini, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to compare the methods of micro-computed tomography (micro-CT) and cross-sectioning followed by stereomicroscopy in assessing dentinal defects after instrumentation with different mechanized systems. METHODS: Forty mesial roots of mandibular molars were scanned and divided into 4 groups (n = 10): Group R, Reciproc; Group PTN, ProTaper Next; Group WOG, WaveOne Gold; Group PDL, ProDesign Logic. After instrumentation, the roots were once again submitted to a micro-CT scan, and then sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex, and assessed for the presence of complete and incomplete dentinal defects under a stereomicroscope...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Ayca Yilmaz, Isil Karagoz-Kucukay
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of different obturation techniques in root canals instrumented either by hand or rotary instruments with regard to the percentage of gutta- percha-filled area (PGFA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty extracted mandibular premolars with single, straight root canals were studied. Root canals were prepared to an apical size of 30 by hand with a modified crown-down technique or the ProTaper and HEROShaper systems. Teeth were divided into eight groups (n=20) according to the following instrumentation and obturation techniques: G1: Hand files+lateral condensation (LC), G2: Hand files+Thermafil, G3: ProTaper+LC, G4: ProTaper+single-cone, G5: ProTaper+ProTaper-Obturator, G6: HEROShaper+LC, G7: HEROShaper+single-cone, G8: HEROShaper+HEROfill...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
Taha Ozyurek, Ebru Ozsezer-Demiryurek
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the cleanliness of root canal walls after retreatment using ProTaper Next (PTN), ProTaper Universal Retreatment (PTR) nickel-titanium (NiTi) systems and Hedström hand files in curved mesial canals of mandibular molar teeth and the time required for gutta-percha and sealer removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety mandibular molar teeth with curved mesial roots were instrumented up to #35.04 with Mtwo NiTi rotary instruments and obturated using the continuous wave of condensation technique...
2017: J Istanb Univ Fac Dent
Hye-Jin Goo, Sang Won Kwak, Jung-Hong Ha, Eugenio Pedullà, Hyeon-Cheol Kim
AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare the bending stiffness, cyclic fatigue, and torsional fracture resistances of heat-treated and conventional nickel-titanium rotary instruments. METHODS: V-Taper 2 (VT2; #25/.08), V-Taper 2H (V2H; #25/.06), Hyflex CM (HCM; #25/.06), HyFlex EDM (HDM; #25/variable taper), and ProTaper Next X2 (PTN; #25/variable taper) were tested. The bending stiffness was measured with the customized device (AEndoS), and the files (n = 15) were fixed at 3 mm from the tip and bent at 45° with respect to their long axis...
November 2017: Journal of Endodontics
Rosa Maria Vianna Lopes, Fernanda Cunha Marins, Felipe Gonçalves Belladonna, Erick Miranda Souza, Gustavo De-Deus, Ricardo Tadeu Lopes, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva
This study assessed the percentage of untouched canal areas and the amount of debris accumulation after canal preparation with ProTaper Next (PTN) and Twisted File Adaptive (TFA) systems using micro-computed tomographic (micro-CT) imaging. Twenty isthmus-containing mesial roots of mandibular molars were anatomically matched through micro-CT evaluation and randomly assigned to one of the two experimental groups (n = 10), according to the system used for canal preparation: PTN (X1 and X2 files using rotary motion) and TFA (SM1 and SM2 files using adaptive motion)...
September 20, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
Sanghamitra Suman, Promila Verma, Aseem Prakash-Tikku, Rhythm Bains, Vijay Kumar-Shakya
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the smear layer removing efficacy of the EndoActivator, EndoVac and Er:YAG laser in extracted mandibular premolars, at the apical, middle and coronal third of root canal, through scanning electron microscopy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 extracted mandibular premolars were decoronated to a standardized length of 12 mm. Specimens were shaped to ProTaper F4 size and irrigated with 5.25% sodium hypochlorite at 370C between instrumentation...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Elham Khoshbin, Abbas Shokri, Zakieh Donyavi, Shahriar Shahriari, Golsa Salehimehr, Maryam Farhadian, Zeinab Kavandi
BACKGROUND: This study sought to compare the root canal debridement ability of Neolix, Reciproc and ProTaper rotary systems in long oval-shaped root canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty five extracted single-rooted human teeth with long oval-shaped single root canals were selected and divided into three experimental groups(n=25) and one control group (n= 10). Root canals were filled with Vitapex radiopaque contrast medium and prepared with Neolix, Reciproc or ProTaper systems...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
Lavanya Govindaraju, Ganesh Jeevanandan, E M G Subramanian
OBJECTIVE: In permanent dentition, different rotary systems are used for canal cleaning and shaping. Rotary instrumentation in pediatric dentistry is an emerging concept. A very few studies have compared the efficiency of rotary instrumentation for canal preparation in primary teeth. Hence, this study was performed to compare the obturation quality and instrumentation time of two rotary files systems - Protaper, Mtwo with hand files in primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five primary mandibular molars were randomly allotted to one of the three groups...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
Mateja Suk, Ivona Bago, Marko Katić, Damir Šnjarić, Marija Šimundić Munitić, Ivica Anić
The aim of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) in the removal of filling remnants from root canals after rotary phase of retreatment and to examine the difference in the amount of residual material considering the type of sealer. Thirty-six extracted single-rooted human teeth were instrumented and randomly divided into three groups according to the filling material used: group 1: EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brassler, USA), group 2: MTA Fillapex (Angelus Solucoes Odontologicas, Londrina, Brasil), and group 3: AH Plus sealer (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany)...
December 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
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