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pathology of breast disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333831/-mammary-hemangioma-in-an-infant-with-apparent-mastitis-case-report
#1
Cristina Rodríguez Jiménez, Concepción Míguez Navarro, Minia Campos Domínguez, Carmen Garrido Colino
Mammary pathology is infrequent during childhood. It is rare the probability of finding a breast mass in an infant. The most frequent possible diagnoses at this age are breast abscess, mastitis, breast engorgement due to maternal hormonal stimulation and hemangioma. Reaching the proper diagnosis is essential in order to apply a suitable treatment and avoid the potential disease complications. We present the case of a female infant having a mass in the right breast from birth. Initially the entity was treated as mastitis...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333006/rational-use-of-imaging-to-stage-breast-cancer-evidences-for-a-selective-approach
#2
S G D Gangadaran
Introduction: Staging investigations at diagnosis are customary to accurately assign a clinical stage before therapy. The practice of routine imaging in patients asymptomatic for metastasis is not recommended but widely adopted. This study was done to reexamine the basis behind guideline recommendations and to identify the factors predictive of asymptomatic metastasis. Methods: Oncology records of 200 breast cancer patients in clinical Stages I-III at diagnosis were prospectively reviewed...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329585/involvement-of-hedgehog-pathway-in-early-onset-aggressive-molecular-subtypes-and-metastatic-potential-of-breast-cancer
#3
Syeda Kiran Riaz, Jahangir Sarwar Khan, Syed Tahir Abbas Shah, Fen Wang, Lin Ye, Wen G Jiang, Muhammad Faraz Arshad Malik
BACKGROUND: Dysregulation of hedgehog pathway is observed in numerous cancers. Relevance of hedgehog pathway genes in cancer cohort and inhibition of its downstream effector (GLI1) towards metastasis in cell lines are explored in the study. METHOD: One hundred fifty fresh tumours of breast cancer patients were collected for the study. Based on differential expression, panel of 6 key regulators of the pathway (SHH, DHH, IHH, PTCH1, SMO and GLI1) in microarray datasets were identified...
January 8, 2018: Cell Communication and Signaling: CCS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328960/the-unusual-suspects-a-review-of-unusual-benign-and-malignant-male-breast-imaging-cases
#4
REVIEW
Victoria L Mango, Sarah Goodman, Kim Clarkin, Ralph T Wynn, Lauren Friedlander, Hanina Hibshoosh, Richard Ha
Male breast disease is uncommon. Men presenting with breast symptoms may represent unique diagnostic challenges for the radiologist, particularly if imaging findings are not classic for gynecomastia or carcinoma. In this paper we review 10 unusual male breast cases, 5 benign and 5 malignant, including the radiologic findings, differential diagnosis, pathology and management.
December 28, 2017: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325355/-comparison-of-prognosis-between-invasive-micropapillary-carcinoma-and-invasive-ductal-carcinoma-of-breast-a-single-center-retrospective-case-control-study
#5
B Hua, X Lu, W Z Xiao, X Yang, S R He, Z Wang
Objective: To elucidate the clinicopathological characters and prognostic factors of invasive micropapillary carcinoma of the breast (IMPC) by compared with invasive ductal carcinoma, not otherwise specified of the breast (IDC). Methods: The retrospective study was performed with female patients who had undergone curative resection for breast cancer without neoadjuvant chemotherapy from June 2008 to April 2016 in Breast Center of Beijing Hospital. Forty-seven mixed or pure IMPC patients and 93 pure IDC patients(admitted in the same center from October 2008 to January 2016 ) were matched for tumor stage, nodal status and age...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324832/differential-microrna-expression-in-breast-cancer-with-different-onset-age
#6
Hsiu-Pei Tsai, Shiang-Fu Huang, Chien-Fan Li, Huei-Tzu Chien, Shin-Cheh Chen
PURPOSE: The lower breast cancer incidence in Asian populations compared with Western populations has been speculated to be caused by environmental and genetic variation. Early-onset breast cancer occupies a considerable proportion of breast cancers in Asian populations, but the reason for this is unclear. We aimed to examine miRNA expression profiles in different age-onset groups and pathological subtypes in Asian breast cancer. METHODS: At the first stage, 10 samples (tumor: n = 6, normal tissue: n = 4) were analyzed with an Agilent microRNA 470 probe microarray...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324312/the-hypoxia-responsive-long-non-coding-rnas-may-impact-on-the-tumor-biology-and-subsequent-management-of-breast-cancer
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Kapinova, Peter Kubatka, Pavol Zubor, Olga Golubnitschaja, Zuzana Dankova, Sona Uramova, Ivana Pilchova, Martin Caprnda, Radka Opatrilova, Jan Richnavsky, Peter Kruzliak, Jan Danko
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are DNA transcripts longer than 200 nucleotides without protein-coding potential. As they are key regulators of gene expression at chromatic, transcriptional and posttranscriptional level, they play important role in various biological and pathological processes. Dysregulation of lncRNAs has been observed in several diseases including cancer. Breast cancer is heterogeneous disease with many molecular subtypes specific in different prognosis and treatment responses. Hypoxia, a common micro-environmental feature of rapidly growing tumour is associated with metastases, recurrences and resistance to therapy...
January 8, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315062/invasive-breast-cancer-prognostic-value-of-peritumoral-edema-identified-at-preoperative-mr-imaging
#8
Hyejin Cheon, Hye Jung Kim, Tae Hun Kim, Hun-Kyu Ryeom, Jongmin Lee, Gab Chul Kim, Jin-Sung Yuk, Won Hwa Kim
Purpose To determine the prognostic value of peritumoral edema identified at preoperative breast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for disease recurrence in patients with invasive breast cancer. Materials and Methods Between January 2011 and December 2012, 353 women (median age, 49 years; range, 27-77 years) with invasive breast cancer who had undergone preoperative MR imaging and mastectomy or breast-conserving surgery were identified. Two radiologists independently reviewed peritumoral edema on the basis of the degree of the signal intensity surrounding the tumor on T2-weighted images...
January 9, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310602/clinical-and-pathological-factors-influencing-survival-in-a-large-cohort-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Silvana Anna Maria Urru, Silvano Gallus, Cristina Bosetti, Tiziana Moi, Ricardo Medda, Elisabetta Sollai, Alma Murgia, Francesca Sanges, Giovanna Pira, Alessandra Manca, Dolores Palmas, Matteo Floris, Anna Maria Asunis, Francesco Atzori, Ciriaco Carru, Maurizio D'Incalci, Massimo Ghiani, Vincenzo Marras, Daniela Onnis, Maria Cristina Santona, Giuseppina Sarobba, Enrichetta Valle, Luisa Canu, Sergio Cossu, Alessandro Bulfone, Paolo Cossu Rocca, Maria Rosaria De Miglio, Sandra Orrù
BACKGROUND: To provide further information on the clinical and pathological prognostic factors in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC), for which limited and inconsistent data are available. METHODS: Pathological characteristics and clinical records of 841 TNBCs diagnosed between 1994 and 2015 in four major oncologic centers from Sardinia, Italy, were reviewed. Multivariate hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality and recurrence according to various clinicopathological factors were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models...
January 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310379/male-breast-cancer-and-mantle-cell-lymphoma-in-a-single-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#10
Jun Liu, Hongquan Wei, Keqing Zhu, Liqin Lai, Xiaoyu Han, Yue Yang
RATIONALE: Although still relatively rare, multiple primary malignant neoplasms (MPMNs) have been increasingly reported in recent years. PATIENT CONCERNS AND DIAGNOSES: A 65-year-old man was referred to our hospital for a painless, incidental left axillary lump. Ultrasound showed enlarged left axillary lymph nodes. An excisional biopsy was conducted on 3 lymph nodes. The pathological diagnosis was determined to be metastatic adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) in the lymph nodes...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298305/response-monitoring-of-breast-cancer-patients-receiving-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-using-quantitative-ultrasound-texture-and-molecular-features
#11
Lakshmanan Sannachi, Mehrdad Gangeh, Hadi Tadayyon, Ali Sadeghi-Naini, Sonal Gandhi, Frances C Wright, Elzbieta Slodkowska, Belinda Curpen, William Tran, Gregory J Czarnota
BACKGROUND: Pathological response of breast cancer to chemotherapy is a prognostic indicator for long-term disease free and overall survival. Responses of locally advanced breast cancer in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) settings are often variable, and the prediction of response is imperfect. The purpose of this study was to detect primary tumor responses early after the start of neoadjuvant chemotherapy using quantitative ultrasound (QUS), textural analysis and molecular features in patients with locally advanced breast cancer...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291168/metronomic-chemotherapy-for-non-metastatic-triple-negative-breast-cancer-selection-is-the-key
#12
REVIEW
Connie Rabanal, Rossana Ruiz, Silvia Neciosup, Henry Gomez
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) accounts for 15%-20% of all breast cancer, and is still defined as what it is not. Currently, TNBC is the only type of breast cancer for which there are no approved targeted therapies and maximum tolerated dose chemotherapy with taxanes and anthracycline-containing regimens is still the standard of care in both the neoadjuvant and adjuvant settings. In the last years, metronomic chemotherapy (MC) is being explored as an alternative to improve outcomes in TNBC. In the neoadjuvant setting, purely metronomic and hybrid approaches have been developed with the objective of increasing complete pathologic response (pCR) and prolonging disease free survival...
December 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290565/serum-vitamin-d-levels-affect-pathologic-complete-response-in-patients-undergoing-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for-operable-breast-cancer
#13
Akiko Chiba, Rachna Raman, Alexandra Thomas, Pierre-Jean Lamy, Marie Viala, Stephane Pouderoux, Sarah L Mott, Mary C Schroeder, Simon Thezenas, William Jacot
INTRODUCTION: There has been increasing interest in the potential benefit of vitamin D in improving breast cancer outcome. Preclinical studies suggest that vitamin D enhances chemotherapy-induced cell death. We investigated the impact of serum vitamin D levels during neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) on the rates of achieving pathologic complete response (pCR) after breast cancer NAC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from 1 of 2 Iowa registries who had serum vitamin D level measured before or during NAC were included...
December 11, 2017: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286493/twenty-five-years-of-the-national-academy-of-medical-sciences-of-ukraine-progress-and-priorities-for-future-of-radiation-medicine-and-biology
#14
D Bazyka
After the creation of the Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine in 1993 the Research Center for Radiation Medicine was among the first institutions to join the Academy (fig. 1). Estab lishing the Academy was among the first steps of the independent Ukrainian government and aimed to provide a high level health care for population. It was extremely needed for the minimization of Chornobyl medical consequences. This choice was related to a growing recognition of the scientific research in fulfilling the Сenter's mission - study of the effects of low dose radiation on human body and radiation protection of the exposed population...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285241/golph3-a-novel-biomarker-that-correlates-with-poor-survival-and-resistance-to-chemotherapy-in-breast-cancer
#15
Shicong Tang, Hong Pan, Wei Wei, Huawei Yang, Jianlun Liu, Rirong Yang
The association between Golgi phosphoprotein 3 (GOLPH3) and clinical pathological characteristics, as well as the clinical outcomes of both neoadjuvant and adjuvant chemotherapies in breast cancer, remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated the biological role and clinical significance of GOLPH3 in breast cancer. We found that GOLPH3 expression in tumor tissue was higher than that in adjacent noncancerous tissue (ANT) and fibroadenoma. GOLPH3 silencing reduced the migration, invasion, and proliferation of breast cancer cells and promoted apoptosis of the cells...
December 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285047/ectopic-male-breast-cancer-in-the-perineum-a-case-report
#16
Hye-Joung Eom, Beom Seok Ko, In Hye Song, Gyungyub Gong, Hak Hee Kim
Ectopic breast tissue and male breast cancer are both very rare diseases with only a few reports in the literature. Here, we present the first case of ectopic male breast cancer in the perineum. The patient was a 70-year-old man with a palpable mass in the perineum. A wide local excision and inguinal lymph node dissection revealed invasive breast carcinoma of no special type involving the skin and subcutis, and inguinal lymph node metastases. Immunohistochemical staining showed that the tumor cells were strongly positive for estrogen and progesterone receptors and negative for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2...
December 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285038/a-multicenter-phase-ii-trial-of-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-with-docetaxel-and-gemcitabine-in-locally-advanced-breast-cancer
#17
Ye Won Jeon, Tae Hyun Kim, Hyun Jo Youn, Sehwan Han, Yongsik Jung, Geumhee Gwak, Young Sam Park, Jeong Soo Kim, Young Jin Suh
Purpose: The current multicenter phase II study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the combination of docetaxel and gemcitabine as neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) for locally advanced breast cancer. Methods: A total of 98 patients with stage II-III breast cancer were enrolled. The primary endpoint was pathological complete response (pCR) rate of invasive cancer after the completion of the fourth cycle of NAC. The secondary endpoints included response rate (RR), rate of breast-conserving surgery, toxicity, and disease-free survival (DFS)...
December 2017: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284236/attitudes-of-women-after-the-age-of-50-towards-preventive-screening
#18
Hanna Skórzyńska, Marlena Krawczyk-Suszek, Teresa B Kulik, Anna Pacian, Agata Stefanowicz, Anna Skowronek
INTRODUCTION: Prevention is one of the major branches of the health sector. The National Health Programme encompasses main risk factors, elimination of which may lead to a reduced incidence of illnesses in the society. At the same time, the criteria of selecting people eligible for preventive screening are established according to risk groups determined by sex, as well as age in the population of women. The perimenopausal and menopausal period contributes to occurrence of numerous systemic diseases and to an increased risk of illnesses, especially cancers...
December 23, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283437/analytic-survey-of-57-cases-of-oral-metastases
#19
Yingci Liu, Richard J Vargo, Elizabeth A Bilodeau
BACKGROUND: Oral lesions have been reported among the first signs of an undiagnosed metastatic disease. Accurate diagnosis of an occult metastasis remains critical in determining the treatment course. Previous studies regarding oral metastatic tumors present varied data regarding the most frequent metastases to the oral cavity. These discrepancies echo the changes in incidence rates for certain malignancies over time and demonstrate the need for periodic updates in oral metastasis studies...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280449/postmastectomy-radiation-in-breast-cancer-patients-with-pathologically-positive-lymph-nodes-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-usage-rates-and-survival-trends
#20
Nisha Ohri, Erin Moshier, Alice Ho, Sheryl Green, Ryan Rhome, Madhu Mazumdar, Simon Powell, Chiaojung Jillian Tsai
PURPOSE: To analyze postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT) usage and its association with overall survival (OS) in breast cancer patients with pathologically positive lymph nodes after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). METHODS AND MATERIALS: Using the National Cancer Database, we identified women with nonmetastatic breast cancer diagnosed from 2004 to 2013 who had received NAC and undergone mastectomy with macroscopic pathologically positive lymph nodes. Joinpoint regression models were used to assess temporal trends in annual PMRT usage...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
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