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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753310/roles-of-the-right-temporo-parietal-and-premotor-cortices-in-self-location-and-body-ownership
#1
Silvia Convento, Daniele Romano, Angelo Maravita, Nadia Bolognini
In the rubber hand illusion (RHI), the feeling that a fake hand belongs to oneself can be induced by the simultaneous, congruent touch of the fake visible hand and one's own hidden hand. This condition is also associated with a recalibration of the perceived location of the real hand. A cortical network, including premotor and temporo-parietal areas, has been proposed as the basis of the RHI. However, the causal contribution of these areas to the discrete illusory components remains unclear. We used transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to assess the contribution of the right premotor cortex (rPMc) and the right temporo-parietal junction (rTPJ) to the RHI and explored the role of these areas in modulating the subjective experience of embodiment and the misperception of the hand position...
May 12, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733674/correlation-of-individual-differences-in-audiovisual-asynchrony-across-stimuli-and-tasks-new-constraints-on-temporal-renormalization-theory
#2
Alberta Ipser, Maayan Karlinski, Elliot D Freeman
Sight and sound are out of synch in different people by different amounts for different tasks. But surprisingly, different concurrent measures of perceptual asynchrony correlate negatively (Freeman et al., 2013). Thus, if vision subjectively leads audition in one individual, the same individual might show a visual lag in other measures of audiovisual integration (e.g., McGurk illusion, Stream-Bounce illusion). This curious negative correlation was first observed between explicit temporal order judgments and implicit phoneme identification tasks, performed concurrently as a dual task, using incongruent McGurk stimuli...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675714/normal-temporal-binding-window-but-no-sound-induced-flash-illusion-in-people-with-one-eye
#3
Stefania S Moro, Jennifer K E Steeves
Integrating vision and hearing is an important way in which we process our rich sensory environment. Partial deprivation of the visual system from the loss of one eye early in life results in adaptive changes in the remaining senses (e.g., Hoover et al. in Exp Brain Res 216:565-74, 2012). The current study investigates whether losing one eye early in life impacts the temporal window in which audiovisual events are integrated and whether there is vulnerability to the sound-induced flash illusion. In Experiment 1, we measured the temporal binding window with a simultaneity judgement task where low-level auditory and visual stimuli were presented at different stimulus onset asynchronies...
April 19, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671680/the-dark-side-of-context-context-reinstatement-can-distort-memory
#4
Manoj K Doss, Jamila K Picart, David A Gallo
It is widely assumed that context reinstatement benefits memory, but our experiments revealed that context reinstatement can systematically distort memory. Participants viewed pictures of objects superimposed over scenes, and we later tested their ability to differentiate these old objects from similar new objects. Context reinstatement was manipulated by presenting objects on the reinstated or switched scene at test. Not only did context reinstatement increase correct recognition of old objects, but it also consistently increased incorrect recognition of similar objects as old ones...
April 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556734/neural-correlates-of-binocular-depth-inversion-illusion-in-antipsychotic-na%C3%A3-ve-first-episode-schizophrenia-patients
#5
Cathrin Rohleder, Dagmar Koethe, Stefan Fritze, Cristina E Topor, F Markus Leweke, Dusan Hirjak
OBJECTIVES: Binocular depth inversion illusion (BDII), a visual, 'top-down'-driven information process, is impaired in schizophrenia and particularly in its early stages. BDII is a sensitive measure of impaired visual information processing and represents a valid diagnostic tool for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. However, neurobiological underpinnings of aberrant BDII in first-episode schizophrenia are largely unknown at present. METHODS: In this study, 22 right-handed, first-episode, antipsychotic-naïve schizophrenia patients underwent BDII assessment and MRI scanning at 1...
March 19, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556183/fronto-parietal-brain-responses-to-visuotactile-congruence-in-an-anatomical-reference-frame
#6
Jakub Limanowski, Felix Blankenburg
Spatially and temporally congruent visuotactile stimulation of a fake hand together with one's real hand may result in an illusory self-attribution of the fake hand. Although this illusion relies on a representation of the two touched body parts in external space, there is tentative evidence that, for the illusion to occur, the seen and felt touches also need to be congruent in an anatomical reference frame. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging and a somatotopical, virtual reality-based setup to isolate the neuronal basis of such a comparison...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551704/spatial-and-temporal-clonal-evolution-of-intrahepatic-cholangiocarcinoma
#7
Liang-Qing Dong, Yang Shi, Li-Jie Ma, Liu-Xiao Yang, Xiao-Ying Wang, Shu Zhang, Zhi-Chao Wang, Meng Duan, Zhao Zhang, Long-Zi Liu, Bo-Hao Zheng, Zhen-Bin Ding, Ai-Wu Ke, Da-Ming Gao, Ke Yuan, Jian Zhou, Jia Fan, Ruibin Xi, Qiang Gao
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second-most lethal primary liver cancer. Little is known about intratumoral heterogeneity (ITH) and its impact on ICC progression. We aim to investigate its ITH in hope of helping develop new therapeutic strategies. METHODS: We obtained 69 spatially distinct regions from 6 operable ICCs. Patient-derived primary cancer cells (PDPCs) were established for each region, followed by whole-exome sequencing(WES) and multi-level validation...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546651/multisensory-temporal-processing-in-own-body-contexts-plausibility-of-hand-ownership-does-not-improve-visuo-tactile-asynchrony-detection
#8
Robert T Keys, Anina N Rich, Regine Zopf
Tracking one's own body is essential for environmental interaction, and involves integrating multisensory cues with stored information about the body's typical features. Exactly how multisensory information is integrated in own-body perception is still unclear. For example, Ide and Hidaka (Exp Brain Res 228:43-50, 2013) found that participants made less precise visuo-tactile temporal order judgments (TOJ) when viewing hands in a plausible orientation (upright; typical for one's own hand) compared to an implausible orientation (rotated 180°)...
March 15, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515620/impairment-of-the-missing-fundamental-phenomenon-in-individuals-with-alzheimer-s-disease-a-neuropsychological-and-voxel-based-morphometric-study
#9
Makiko Abe, Ken-Ichi Tabei, Masayuki Satoh, Mari Fukuda, Hironobu Daikuhara, Mariko Shiga, Hirotaka Kida, Hidekazu Tomimoto
Background/Aims: The missing fundamental phenomenon (MFP) is a universal pitch perception illusion that occurs in animals and humans. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the MFP is impaired in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) using an auditory pitch perception experiment. We further examined anatomical correlates of the MFP in patients with AD by measuring gray matter volume (GMV) on magnetic resonance images via voxel-based morphometric analysis. Methods: We prospectively enrolled 29 patients with AD and 20 healthy older adults...
January 2018: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460981/non-invasive-brain-stimulation-of-motor-cortex-induces-embodiment-when-integrated-with-virtual-reality-feedback
#10
M Bassolino, M Franza, J Bello Ruiz, M Pinardi, T Schmidlin, M A Stephan, M Solcà, A Serino, O Blanke
Previous evidence highlighted the multisensory-motor origin of embodiment - that is, the experience of having a body and of being in control of it - and the possibility of experimentally manipulating it. For instance, an illusory feeling of embodiment towards a fake hand can be triggered by providing synchronous visuo-tactile stimulation to the hand of participants and to a fake hand or by asking participants to move their hand and observe a fake hand moving accordingly (rubber hand illusion). Here, we tested whether it is possible to manipulate embodiment not through stimulation of the participant's hand, but by directly tapping into the brain's hand representation via non-invasive brain stimulation...
April 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391522/cultural-effects-on-computational-metrics-of-spatial-and-temporal-context
#11
Nicholas D Wright, Jan Grohn, Chen Song, Geraint Rees, Rebecca P Lawson
The concept of "prediction error" - the difference between what occurred and was expected - is key to understanding the cognitive processes of human decision making. Expectations have to be learned so the concept of prediction error critically depends on context, specifically the temporal context of probabilistically related events and their changes across time (i.e. volatility). While past research suggests context differently affects some cognitive processes in East Asian and Western individuals, it is currently unknown whether this extends to computationally-grounded measures of learning and prediction error...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344909/flash-induced-forward-and-reverse-illusory-line-motion-in-offset-bars
#12
Sihang Han, Jeff P Hamm
Illusory line motion (ILM) refers to perception of motion in a bar that onsets or offsets all at once. When the bar onsets or offsets between two boxes after one of the boxes flashes, the bar appears to shoot out of the flashed box (flashILM). If the bar offsets during the flash, it appears to contract into the flashed box (reverse ILM; rILM). Onset bars do not show rILM. Moreover, rILM and flashILM are not correlated, indicating they are two different illusions. To date, rILM has only been studied using a 50-ms flash where the bar offsets 16...
January 17, 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289094/musical-and-linguistic-listening-modes-in-the-speech-to-song-illusion-bias-timing-perception-and-absolute-pitch-memory
#13
Emily Graber, Rhimmon Simchy-Gross, Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis
The speech-to-song (STS) illusion is a phenomenon in which some spoken utterances perceptually transform to song after repetition [Deutsch, Henthorn, and Lapidis (2011). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 129, 2245-2252]. Tierney, Dick, Deutsch, and Sereno [(2013). Cereb. Cortex. 23, 249-254] developed a set of stimuli where half tend to transform to perceived song with repetition and half do not. Those that transform and those that do not can be understood to induce a musical or linguistic mode of listening, respectively...
December 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282487/temporal-ventriloquism-along-the-path-of-apparent-motion-speed-perception-under-different-spatial-grouping-principles
#14
Cansu Ogulmus, Merve Karacaoglu, Hulusi Kafaligonul
The coordination of intramodal perceptual grouping and crossmodal interactions plays a critical role in constructing coherent multisensory percepts. However, the basic principles underlying such coordinating mechanisms still remain unclear. By taking advantage of an illusion called temporal ventriloquism and its influences on perceived speed, we investigated how audiovisual interactions in time are modulated by the spatial grouping principles of vision. In our experiments, we manipulated the spatial grouping principles of proximity, uniform connectedness, and similarity/common fate in apparent motion displays...
March 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157413/incorporation-of-prosthetic-limbs-into-the-body-representation-of-amputees-evidence-from-the-crossed-hands-temporal-order-illusion
#15
Yuki Sato, Toshihiro Kawase, Kouji Takano, Charles Spence, Kenji Kansaku
Understanding how we consciously experience our bodies is a fundamental issue in both psychology and neuroscience. To date, the incorporation of nonbody objects into the body representation has been investigated extensively, and the incorporation of prosthetic arms in amputees has been demonstrated using the rubber hand illusion. In this study, we investigated the incorporation of prosthetic arms in amputees using the crossed hands illusion, in which successive somatosensory stimuli are delivered, one to each arm, at intervals of 300ms or less, and where arm crossing often causes inversion of perceived tactile temporal order...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100659/the-sander-parallelogram-illusion-dissociates-action-and-perception-despite-control-for-the-litany-of-past-confounds
#16
Robert L Whitwell, Melvyn A Goodale, Kate E Merritt, James T Enns
The two visual systems hypothesis proposes that human vision is supported by an occipito-temporal network for the conscious visual perception of the world and a fronto-parietal network for visually-guided, object-directed actions. Two specific claims about the fronto-parietal network's role in sensorimotor control have generated much data and controversy: (1) the network relies primarily on the absolute metrics of target objects, which it rapidly transforms into effector-specific frames of reference to guide the fingers, hands, and limbs, and (2) the network is largely unaffected by scene-based information extracted by the occipito-temporal network for those same targets...
January 2018: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094146/dynamic-tilt-illusion-induced-by-continuous-contextual-orientation-alternations
#17
Xiangyong Yuan, Xilei Zhang, Yi Jiang
In the classic tilt illusion, the perceived orientation of a center patch is shifted away from its oriented context. Additionally, a stronger illusion effect is yielded when the center patch is simultaneously rather than asynchronously presented with a constant context for a shorter duration. However, little is known about the temporal characteristic of the tilt illusion in a reverse situation in which a constant center patch is presented throughout while the contexts change. Therefore, we continuously alternated two opposite-oriented contexts and manipulated alternate speeds to examine how the tilt illusion would build up as a function of dynamic contextual alternation...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090370/expectation-information-processing-and-subjective-duration
#18
Rhimmon Simchy-Gross, Elizabeth Hellmuth Margulis
In research on psychological time, it is important to examine the subjective duration of entire stimulus sequences, such as those produced by music (Teki, Frontiers in Neuroscience, 10, 2016). Yet research on the temporal oddball illusion (according to which oddball stimuli seem longer than standard stimuli of the same duration) has examined only the subjective duration of single events contained within sequences, not the subjective duration of sequences themselves. Does the finding that oddballs seem longer than standards translate to entire sequences, such that entire sequences that contain oddballs seem longer than those that do not? Is this potential translation influenced by the mode of information processing-whether people are engaged in direct or indirect temporal processing? Two experiments aimed to answer both questions using different manipulations of information processing...
January 2018: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084214/a-systems-level-approach-to-temporal-expression-dynamics-in-drosophila-reveals-clusters-of-long-term-memory-genes
#19
Julianna Bozler, Balint Z Kacsoh, Hao Chen, William E Theurkauf, Zhiping Weng, Giovanni Bosco
The ability to integrate experiential information and recall it in the form of memory is observed in a wide range of taxa, and is a hallmark of highly derived nervous systems. Storage of past experiences is critical for adaptive behaviors that anticipate both adverse and positive environmental factors. The process of memory formation and consolidation involve many synchronized biological events including gene transcription, protein modification, and intracellular trafficking: However, many of these molecular mechanisms remain illusive...
October 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082527/time-touch-and-temperature-affect-perceived-finger-position-and-ownership-in-the-grasp-illusion
#20
Martin E Héroux, Nicolas Bayle, Annie A Butler, Simon C Gandevia
KEY POINTS: The brain's internal model of the body and the sense of body ownership are fundamental to interaction with the world. It is thought that temporally congruent, repetitive multisensory stimuli are required to elicit a sense of body ownership. Here we investigate the ability of static cutaneous stimuli - passively grasping an artificial finger - to induce body ownership and alter perceived body position; we also investigate how physical characteristics of grasped objects alter these senses...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
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