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Yong-Jun Lin, Shinsuke Shimojo
The brain constantly adjusts perceived duration based on the recent event history. One such lab phenomenon is subjective time expansion induced in an oddball paradigm ("oddball chronostasis"), where the duration of a distinct item (oddball) appears subjectively longer when embedded in a series of other repeated items (standards). Three hypotheses have been separately proposed but it remains unresolved which or all of them are true: 1) attention prolongs oddball duration, 2) repetition suppression reduces standards duration, and 3) accumulative temporal preparation (anticipation) expedites the perceived item onset so as to lengthen its duration...
2017: PloS One
Tomomitsu Herai, Ken Mogi
Sensorimotor contingency is one of the main factors to warp time perception. Voluntary actions such as saccades and hand movements affect the subjective perception of temporal duration. Although the perceived timings of action and stimulus are affected by whether an action was automatic or controlled, its effect on the subjective perception of duration has not been studied except in the case of saccade (chronostasis), which has been shown to be unaffected by the context of action initiation. Here we investigate the effect of the context of action initiation on duration estimation in the case of finger movement...
October 2014: Consciousness and Cognition
Jonas Knöll, M Concetta Morrone, Frank Bremmer
Rapid eye movements (saccades) induce visual misperceptions. A number of studies in recent years have investigated the spatio-temporal profiles of effects like saccadic suppression or perisaccadic mislocalization and revealed substantial functional similarities. Saccade induced chronostasis describes the subjective overestimation of stimulus duration when the stimulus onset falls within a saccade. In this study we aimed to functionally characterize saccade induced chronostasis in greater detail. Specifically we tested if chronostasis is influenced by or functionally related to saccadic suppression...
May 3, 2013: Vision Research
Amelia R Hunt, Craig S Chapman, Alan Kingstone
Everyone has probably experienced chronostasis, an illusion of time that can cause a clock's second hand to appear to stand still during an eye movement. Though the illusion was initially thought to reflect a mechanism for preserving perceptual continuity during eye movements, an alternative hypothesis has been advanced that overestimation of time might be a general effect of any action. Contrary to both of these hypotheses, the experiments reported here suggest that distortions of time perception related to an eye movement are not distinct from temporal distortions for other kinds of responses...
February 2008: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
Karsten Georg, Markus Lappe
During fast, saccadic eye movements visual perception is suppressed. This saccadic suppression prevents erroneous and distracting motion percepts resulting from saccade induced retinal slip. Although saccadic suppression occurs over a substantial time interval around the saccade, there is no "perceptual gap" during saccades. The mechanisms underlying this temporal perceptual filling-in are unknown. When subjects are asked to perform temporal interval judgements of stimuli presented at the time of saccades, the time interval following the termination of the saccade appears longer than subsequent intervals of identical length...
July 2007: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Iona Alexander, Kai V Thilo, Alan Cowey, Vincent Walsh
In a previous study we explored auditory chronostasis and suggested an arousal account of this temporal illusion rather than one dependent on backdating actions to the onset of a motor event. Here we present three experiments designed to distinguish between two competing accounts of the mechanisms underlying the illusion. Experiment 1 investigated whether voluntary movements are necessary for the illusion to occur. Experiment 2 sought to clarify whether auditory chronostasis occurs when the intervals to be judged are continuous (temporally contiguous) rather than separate events...
February 2005: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Kielan Yarrow, Helen Johnson, Patrick Haggard, John C Rothwell
Saccadic chronostasis refers to the subjective temporal lengthening of the first visual stimulus perceived after an eye movement, and is most commonly experienced as the "stopped clock" illusion. Other temporal illusions arising in the context of movement (e.g., "intentional binding") appear to depend upon the volitional nature of the preceding motor act. Here we assess chronostasis across different saccade types, ranging from highly volitional (self-timed saccades, antisaccades) to highly reflexive (peripherally cued saccades, express saccades)...
June 2004: Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience
Kielan Yarrow, Patrick Haggard, John C Rothwell
Saccadic chronostasis refers to the subjective temporal lengthening of the first visual stimulus perceived after an eye movement. It has been quantified using a duration discrimination task. Most models of human duration discrimination hypothesise an internal clock. These models could explain chronostasis as a transient increase in internal clock speed due to arousal following a saccade, leading to temporal overestimation. Two experiments are described which addressed this hypothesis by parametrically varying the duration of the stimuli that are being judged...
June 2004: Consciousness and Cognition
Kielan Yarrow, John C Rothwell
When saccading to a silent clock, observers sometimes think that the second hand has paused momentarily. This effect has been termed chronostasis and occurs because observers overestimate the time that they have seen the object of an eye movement. They seem to extrapolate its appearance back to just prior to the onset of the saccade rather than the time that it is actually fixated on the retina. Here, we describe a similar effect following an arm movement: subjects overestimate the time that their hand has been in contact with a newly touched object...
July 1, 2003: Current Biology: CB
Junghyun Park, Madeleine Schlag-Rey, John Schlag
When we look at a clock with a hand showing seconds, the hand sometimes appears to stay longer at its first-seen position than at the following positions, evoking an illusion of chronostasis. This illusory extension of perceived duration has been shown to be coupled to saccadic eye movement and it has been suggested to serve as a mechanism of maintaining spatial stability across the saccade. Here, we examined the effects of three kinds of voluntary movements on the illusion of chronostasis: key press, voice command, and saccadic eye movement...
April 2003: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Iona Hodinott-Hill, Kai V Thilo, Alan Cowey, Vincent Walsh
The perception of time can be illusory: we have all waited anxiously for important seconds to tick away slowly at the end of a football game and have experienced the truth of the adage "time flies when you're having fun." One illusion of time experience that has recently been investigated, the apparent slowing of the movement of the second hand on the clock when one first looks at it, has been termed "chronostasis," and it has been suggested that the effect is unique to vision and is dependent on eye movements...
October 15, 2002: Current Biology: CB
Kai V Thilo, Vincent Walsh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2002: Current Biology: CB
Kai V Thilo, Vincent Walsh
Eye movements produce a temporary loss of visual sensitivity known as saccadic suppression, and a distortion of space perception known as saccadic compression. A new study has reported a seemingly related phenomenon --chronostasis---in which one's perception of time also undergoes an illusory distortion during rapid movements of the eyes.
February 19, 2002: Current Biology: CB
K Yarrow, P Haggard, R Heal, P Brown, J C Rothwell
When voluntary saccadic eye movements are made to a silently ticking clock, observers sometimes think that the second hand takes longer than normal to move to its next position. For a short period, the clock appears to have stopped (chronostasis). Here we show that the illusion occurs because the brain extends the percept of the saccadic target backwards in time to just before the onset of the saccade. This occurs every time we move the eyes but it is only perceived when an external time reference alerts us to the phenomenon...
November 15, 2001: Nature
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