Read by QxMD icon Read

B-cell of origin

Li Bao, Zhaoyang Qian, Maria B Lyng, Ling Wang, Yuan Yu, Ting Wang, Xiuqing Zhang, Huanming Yang, Nils Brünner, Jun Wang, Henrik J Ditzel
Single cancer cell sequencing studies currently use randomly-selected cells, limiting correlations between genomic aberrations, morphology and spatial localization. We laser-captured microdissected single cells from morphologically-distinct areas of primary breast cancer and corresponding lymph node metastasis and performed whole-exome or deep-target sequencing of greater than 100 such cells. Two major subclones co-existed in different areas of the primary tumor, and the lymph node metastasis originated from a minor subclone in the invasive front of the primary tumor with additional copy number changes including 8q gain, but no additional point mutations in driver genes...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Shelly A Cruz, Zhaohong Qin, Alexandre F R Stewart, Hsiao-Huei Chen
Ischemic brain injury triggers neuronal cell death by apoptosis via caspase activation and by necroptosis through activation of the receptor-interacting protein kinases (RIPK) associated with the tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α)/death receptor. Recent evidence shows RIPK inhibitors are neuroprotective and alleviate ischemic brain injury in a number of animal models, however, most have not yet undergone clinical trials and safety in humans remains in question. Dabrafenib, originally identified as a B-raf inhibitor that is currently used to treat melanoma, was later revealed to be a potent RIPK3 inhibitor at micromolar concentrations...
February 2018: Neural Regeneration Research
Ilaria Giusti, Marianna Di Francesco, Sandra D'Ascenzo, Paola Palumbo, Anna Rughetti, Luigi Dell'Orso, Paola Annunziata Varasano, Gabriella Lucidi Pressanti, Vincenza Dolo
The clinical use of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) containing or deprived of leukocytes remains a subject of debate and a controversial issue. It is not yet clear whether leukocyte content has a positive or negative effect on tissue healing processes. Several studies, conducted mainly in the orthopedic field, support the use of leukocyte-poor (LP) PRP, whereas other studies have not identified any significant differences between the use of LP and leukocyte-rich PRP. In the present study, the role of leukocytes contained in PRP was assessed to verify their in vitro effect on fibroblasts and endothelial cells, which have a leading role in the biological processes associated with wound healing (including angiogenesis and matrix remodeling)...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Susan Malkiel, Ashley N Barlev, Yemil Atisha-Fregoso, Jolien Suurmond, Betty Diamond
Plasma cells (PCs) are responsible for the production of protective antibodies against infectious agents but they also produce pathogenic antibodies in autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Traditionally, high affinity IgG autoantibodies are thought to arise through germinal center (GC) responses. However, class switching and somatic hypermutation can occur in extrafollicular (EF) locations, and this pathway has also been implicated in SLE. The pathway from which PCs originate may determine several characteristics, such as PC lifespan and sensitivity to therapeutics...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Martin F Flajnik
The adaptive immune system arose 500 million years ago in ectothermic (cold-blooded) vertebrates. Classically, the adaptive immune system has been defined by the presence of lymphocytes expressing recombination-activating gene (RAG)-dependent antigen receptors and the MHC. These features are found in all jawed vertebrates, including cartilaginous and bony fish, amphibians and reptiles and are most likely also found in the oldest class of jawed vertebrates, the extinct placoderms. However, with the discovery of an adaptive immune system in jawless fish based on an entirely different set of antigen receptors - the variable lymphocyte receptors - the divergence of T and B cells, and perhaps innate-like lymphocytes, goes back to the origin of all vertebrates...
March 19, 2018: Nature Reviews. Immunology
A Porzia, C Cavaliere, E Begvarfaj, S Masieri, F Mainiero
The mucosal immune system located in correspondence to the olfactory organs in adult humans is not well identifiable but has proven important in establishing an effective immune response against inhaled antigens, including the generation of Helper 1 (TH1)- and TH2-cells, cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), plasma cells (PCs) and memory B cells. It is constituted by a diffused network of cells of epithelial and immune origin, as well as organized lymphoid tissue, where each component has a role in the initiation and maintenance of a long-lasting immune response, which is evoked not only in the oral and nasal cavities but also in the respiratory, intestinal and genito-urinary tracts...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Xingchun Peng, Jun Shi, Wanqun Sun, Xuzhi Ruan, Yang Guo, Lunhua Zhao, Jue Wang, Bin Li
IL-6 is critical for tumorigenesis. However, previous studies on the association of IL-6 promoter polymorphisms with predisposition to different cancer types are somewhat contradictory. Therefore, we performed this meta-analysis regarding the relationship between IL-6 promoter single nucleotide polymorphisms and cancer susceptibility and prognosis. Up to April 2017, 97 original publications were identified covering three IL-6 promoter SNPs. Our results showed statistically significant association between IL-6 promoter and cancer risk and prognosis...
February 23, 2018: Oncotarget
Lie Yao, Jichun Gu, Yishen Mao, Xinju Zhang, Xiaoyi Wang, Chen Jin, Deliang Fu, Ji Li
The main focus of the present study was to evaluate whether ABC transporter family promoter methylation predicted multidrug resistance in gemcitabine-resistant cancer cell lines (BxPC-3/Gem and PANC-1/Gem). Using low concentrations of gemcitabine, the cell lines acquired drug resistance with different initial gemcitabine concentrations. A novel technology, methylation-sensitive high-resolution melting, was used to monitor the dynamic changes of ABC transporter family promoter methylation, including ATP binding cassette subfamily B member 1 (ABCB1), ATP binding cassette subfamily C (ABCC) and ATP binding cassette subfamily G member 2 (ABCG2) mRNA expression...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Srikant Rangaraju, Syed Ali Raza, Noel Xiang'An Li, Ranjita Betarbet, Eric B Dammer, Duc Duong, James J Lah, Nicholas T Seyfried, Allan I Levey
In the central nervous system (CNS), microglia are innate immune mononuclear phagocytes (CNS MPs) that can phagocytose infectious particles, apoptotic cells, neurons, and pathological protein aggregates, such as Aβ in Alzheimer's disease (AD). While CD11b+ CD45low microglia account for the majority of CNS MPs, a small population of CD11b+ CD45high CNS MPs is also recognized in AD that surround Aβ plaques. These transcriptionally and pathologically unique CD45high cells have unclear origin and undefined phagocytic characteristics...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Katya B Rubinow
BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, parallel recognition has grown of the importance of both sex steroids and immune activity in metabolic regulation. More recently, these discrete areas have been integrated in studies examining the metabolic effects of sex steroid immunomodulation. Implicit in these studies has been a traditional, endocrine model of sex steroid delivery from the gonads to target cells, including immune cells. Thus, research to date has focused on the metabolic effects of sex steroid receptor signaling in immune cells...
March 8, 2018: Molecular Metabolism
Karen Liao, Stacy Derbyshire, Kai-Fen Wang, Cherilyn Caucci, Shuo Tang, Claire Holland, Amy Loercher, George R Gunn
Bridging immunoassays commonly used to detect and characterize immunogenicity during biologic development do not provide direct information on the presence or development of a memory anti-drug antibody (ADA) response. In this study, a B cell ELISPOT assay method was used to evaluate pre-existing ADA for anti-TNFR1 domain antibody, GSK1995057, an experimental biologic in treatment naive subjects. This assay utilized a 7-day activation of PBMCs by a combination of GSK1995057 (antigen) and polyclonal stimulator followed by GSK1995057-specific ELISPOT for the enumeration of memory B cells that have differentiated into antibody secreting cells (ASC) in vitro...
March 16, 2018: AAPS Journal
Alexander B Rosenberg, Charles M Roco, Richard A Muscat, Anna Kuchina, Paul Sample, Zizhen Yao, Lucas Gray, David J Peeler, Sumit Mukherjee, Wei Chen, Suzie H Pun, Drew L Sellers, Bosiljka Tasic, Georg Seelig
To facilitate scalable profiling of single cells, we developed split-pool ligation-based transcriptome sequencing (SPLiT-seq), a single-cell RNA-seq (scRNA-seq) method that labels the cellular origin of RNA through combinatorial barcoding. SPLiT-seq is compatible with fixed cells or nuclei, allows efficient sample multiplexing and requires no customized equipment. We used SPLiT-seq to analyze 156,049 single-nucleus transcriptomes from postnatal day 2 and 11 mouse brains and spinal cords. Over 100 cell types were identified, with gene expression patterns corresponding to cellular function, regional specificity, and stage of differentiation...
March 15, 2018: Science
A B Chetverin
Qβ replicase (RNA-directed RNA polymerase of bacteriophage Qβ) has an unsurpassed capacity to amplify polynucleotides in vitro. In 1986, the Group of Viral RNA Biochemistry was organized at the Institute of Protein Research in order to exploit this property for the synthesis of messenger RNAs to be used in cell-free translation systems. Although the task has not been implemented in full, this work has led to a number of unexpected important results including uncovering the nature of the "template-free" RNA synthesis by Qβ replicase, discovering the ability of RNA molecules for spontaneous recombination, revealing the unusual mechanism Qβ replicase uses to discriminate between its proper and improper templates, and discovering a new function of the largest ribosomal protein S1, that is also one of the replicase subunits...
January 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
Ming Ma, Xingxiao Yang, Lianmei Zhao, Xuexiao Wang, Lihua Liu, Wenjing Jiao, Yuanyuan Wei, Baoen Shan
Celecoxib is a newly-identified nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, which has been used to treat fever in clinical practice. Celecoxib has been demonstrated to suppress the viability of various human tumor cells. However, the effect of celecoxib on response of T-cell lymphoma to chemotherapy agents remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of celecoxib on chemosensitivity of human T-cell lymphoma, and to address the underlying mechanism of action. The cytotoxicity of CDDP, epirubicin and VCR on Jurkat and Hut-78 cells treated with celecoxib was assessed by MTT assay, and the half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50 ) value was calculated by Origin 75 software...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Peter van Balen, Boris van der Zouwen, Alwine B Kruisselbrink, Matthijs Eefting, Karoly Szuhai, Ekaterina S Jordanova, J H F Falkenburg, Inge Jedema
Introduction: Conditioning regimens preceding allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) can cause tissue damage and acceleration of the development of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). T-cell-depleted alloSCT with postponed donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) may reduce GVHD, because tissue injury can be restored at the time of DLI. In this study, we investigated the presence of tissue injury and inflammation in skin during the period of hematologic recovery and immune reconstitution after alloSCT...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
Gaomei Chang, Jiayi Zheng, Wenqin Xiao, Shuaikang Chang, Qing Wei, Huiqun Wu, Yi Tao, Guang Yang, Bingqian Xie, Xiucai Lan, Yingcong Wang, Dandan Yu, Liangning Hu, Yongsheng Xie, Wenxuan Bu, Yuanyuan Kong, Bojie Dai, Jun Hou, Jumei Shi
MCT-1 (multiple copies in T-cell lymphoma-1), a novel oncogene, was originally identified in T-cell lymphoma. A recent study has demonstrated that MCT-1 is highly expressed in 85% of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL). PKC (protein kinase C) plays an essential role in signal transduction for multiple biologically active substances for activating cellular functions and proliferation. In this study, we found that the mRNA and protein expression levels of MCT-1 were visibly decreased after knocking down PKC by siRNA in SUDHL-4 and OCI-LY8 DLBCL cell lines...
March 9, 2018: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
Rebecca L King, Grzegorz S Nowakowski, Thomas E Witzig, David W Scott, Richard F Little, Fangxin Hong, Randy D Gascoyne, Brad S Kahl, William R Macon
ECOG/ACRIN 1412 (E1412) is a randomized, phase II open-label study of lenalidomide/RCHOP vs. RCHOP alone in adults with newly diagnosed de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and requires NanoString gene expression profiling (GEP) for cell-of-origin testing. Because of high ineligibility rate on retrospective expert central pathology review (ECPR), real-time (RT) ECPR was instituted to confirm diagnosis and ensure adequate tissue for GEP prior to study enrollment. Goal was notification of eligibility within 2 working days (WD)...
February 28, 2018: Blood Cancer Journal
Kok Fei Chan, Benjamin S Gully, Stephanie Gras, Dennis X Beringer, Lars Kjer-Nielsen, Jonathan Cebon, James McCluskey, Weisan Chen, Jamie Rossjohn
Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-I molecules generally bind short peptides (8-10 amino acids), although extended HLA-I restricted peptides (>10 amino acids) can be presented to T cells. However, the function of such extended HLA-I epitopes in tumour immunity, and how they would be recognised by T-cell receptors (TCR) remains unclear. Here we show that the structures of two distinct TCRs (TRAV4+ TRAJ21+ -TRBV28+ TRBJ2-3+ and TRAV4+ TRAJ8+ -TRBV9+ TRBJ2-1+ ), originating from a polyclonal T-cell repertoire, bind to HLA-B*07:02, presenting a 13-amino-acid-long tumour-associated peptide, NY-ESO-160-72 ...
March 12, 2018: Nature Communications
Łukasz Sędek, Prisca Theunissen, Elaine Sobral da Costa, Alita van der Sluijs-Gelling, Ester Mejstrikova, Giuseppe Gaipa, Alicja Sonsala, Magdalena Twardoch, Elen Oliveira, Michaela Novakova, Chiara Buracchi, Jacques J M van Dongen, Alberto Orfao, Vincent H J van der Velden, Tomasz Szczepański
BACKGROUND: Optimal discrimination between leukemic blasts and normal B-cell precursors (BCP) is critical for treatment monitoring in BCP acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL); thus identification of markers differentially expressed on normal BCP and leukemic blasts is required. METHODS: Multicenter analysis of CD73, CD86 and CD304 expression levels was performed in 282 pediatric BCP-ALL patients vs. normal bone marrow BCP, using normalized median fluorescence intensity (nMFI) values...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Immunological Methods
Hideaki Komiyama, Takahiro To, Seiichi Furukawa, Yu Hidaka, Woong Shin, Takahiro Ichikawa, Ryota Arai, Takuma Yasuda
Solution-processed organic solar cells (OSCs) based on narrow-bandgap small molecules hold great promise as next-generation energy-converting devices. In this paper, we focus on a family of A-π-D-π-A-type small molecules, namely, BDT-nT-ID (n = 1-4) oligomers, consisting of benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b']dithiophene (BDT) as the central electron-donating (D) core, 1,3-indandione (ID) as the terminal electron-accepting (A) units, and two regioregular oligo(3-hexylthiophene)s (nT) with different numbers of thiophene rings as the π-bridging units, and elucidate their structure-property-function relationships...
March 12, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"