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Pediatric king airway

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863622/objective-characterization-of-airway-dimensions-using-image-processing
#1
Victoria K Pepper, Christian Francom, Cameron A Best, Ekene Onwuka, Nakesha King, Eric Heuer, Nathan Mahler, Jonathan Grischkan, Christopher K Breuer, Tendy Chiang
OBJECTIVES: With the evolution of medical and surgical management for pediatric airway disorders, the development of easily translated techniques of measuring airway dimensions can improve the quantification of outcomes of these interventions. We have developed a technique that improves the ability to characterize endoscopic airway dimensions using common bronchoscopic equipment and an open-source image-processing platform. METHODS: We validated our technique of Endoscopic Airway Measurement (EAM) using optical instruments in simulation tracheas...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690714/can-ems-providers-provide-appropriate-tidal-volumes-in-a-simulated-adult-sized-patient-with-a-pediatric-sized-bag-valve-mask
#2
Jeffrey Siegler, Melissa Kroll, Susan Wojcik, Hawnwan Philip Moy
INTRODUCTION: In the prehospital setting, Emergency Medical Services (EMS) professionals rely on providing positive pressure ventilation with a bag-valve-mask (BVM). Multiple emergency medicine and critical care studies have shown that lung-protective ventilation protocols reduce morbidity and mortality. Our primary objective was to determine if a group of EMS professionals could provide ventilations with a smaller BVM that would be sufficient to ventilate patients. Secondary objectives included 1) if the pediatric bag provided volumes similar to lung-protective ventilation in the hospital setting and 2) compare volumes provided to the patient depending on the type of airway (mask, King tube, and intubation)...
October 3, 2016: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26320522/pediatric-intubation-by-paramedics-in-a-large-emergency-medical-services-system-process-challenges-and-outcomes
#3
Matthew E Prekker, Fernanda Delgado, Jenny Shin, Heemun Kwok, Nicholas J Johnson, David Carlbom, Andreas Grabinsky, Thomas V Brogan, Mary A King, Thomas D Rea
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Pediatric intubation is a core paramedic skill in some emergency medical services (EMS) systems. The literature lacks a detailed examination of the challenges and subsequent adjustments made by paramedics when intubating children in the out-of-hospital setting. We undertake a descriptive evaluation of the process of out-of-hospital pediatric intubation, focusing on challenges, adjustments, and outcomes. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of EMS responses between 2006 and 2012 that involved attempted intubation of children younger than 13 years by paramedics in a large, metropolitan EMS system...
January 2016: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25725298/out-of-hospital-pediatric-airway-management-in-the-united-states
#4
Matthew Hansen, William Lambert, Jeanne-Marie Guise, Craig R Warden, N Clay Mann, Henry Wang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to characterize pediatric out-of-hospital airway management interventions, success rates, and complications in the United States using the 2012 National Emergency Medical Services Information System (NEMSIS) dataset. METHODS: In 2012, NEMSIS collected data from Emergency Medical Services (EMS) encounters in 40 states. We included all patients less than 18 years of age and identified all patients who had airway interventions including endotracheal intubation (ETI), bag-valve-mask ventilation (BVM), continuous positive airway pressure/bilevel positive airway pressure (CPAP/BiPAP) and alternate airways (Combitube, King LT, Laryngeal Mask Airway (LMA), esophageal obturator airway, and cricothyroidotomy)...
May 2015: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24391058/residence-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-and-moraxella-catarrhalis-within-polymicrobial-biofilm-promotes-antibiotic-resistance-and-bacterial-persistence-in-vivo
#5
Antonia C Perez, Bing Pang, Lauren B King, Li Tan, Kyle A Murrah, Jennifer L Reimche, John T Wren, Stephen H Richardson, Uma Ghandi, W Edward Swords
Otitis media (OM) is an extremely common pediatric ailment caused by opportunists that reside within the nasopharynx. Inflammation within the upper airway can promote ascension of these opportunists into the middle ear chamber. OM can be chronic/recurrent in nature, and a wealth of data indicates that in these cases, the bacteria persist within biofilms. Epidemiological data demonstrate that most cases of OM are polymicrobial, which may have significant impact on antibiotic resistance. In this study, we used in vitro biofilm assays and rodent infection models to examine the impact of polymicrobial infection with Moraxella catarrhalis and Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) on biofilm resistance to antibiotic treatment and persistence in vivo...
April 2014: Pathogens and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23960693/ultrasonography-assessment-of-vocal-cords-mobility-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#6
Ghassan A Shaath, Abdulraouf Jijeh, Ahmad Alkurdi, Sameh Ismail, Mahmoud Elbarbary, Mohamed S Kabbani
OBJECTIVES: Upper airway obstruction after pediatric cardiac surgery is not uncommon. In the cardiac surgical population, an important etiology is vocal cord paresis or paralysis following extubation. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the feasibility and accuracy of ultrasonography (US) assessment of the vocal cords mobility and compare it to fiber-optic laryngoscope (FL). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective pilot study has been conducted in Pediatric Cardiac ICU (PCICU) at King Abdulaziz Cardiac Center (KACC) from the 1st of June 2009 till the end of July 2010...
July 2012: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22858748/comparison-of-direct-laryngoscopy-to-pediatric-king-lt-d-in-simulated-airways
#7
Donald V Byars, Richard A Brodsky, David Evans, Bruce Lo, Theresa Guins, Amy M Perkins
OBJECTIVES: Previous reports have shown a high rate of ventilation failure via direct laryngoscopy as compared with the King LT-D airway. This difference is further divergent in the pediatric population. The goal of this study was to compare the difference in efficacy of ventilation by prehospital providers in a simulated environment between direct laryngoscopy and Pedi-King LT-D. METHODS: In this study, 37 paramedics were exposed to 2 identical 5-minute clinical scenarios in a simulation center using a pediatric simulation tool...
August 2012: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22229954/paramedic-king-laryngeal-tube-airway-insertion-versus-endotracheal-intubation-in-simulated-pediatric-respiratory-arrest
#8
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Michael S Mitchell, Marjorie Lee White, William D King, Henry E Wang
INTRODUCTION: Pediatric endotracheal intubation (ETI) is difficult and can have serious adverse events when performed by paramedics in the prehospital setting. Paramedics may use the King Laryngeal Tube airway (KLT) in difficult adult airways, but only limited data describe their application in pediatric patients. OBJECTIVE: To compare paramedic airway insertion speed and complications between KLT and ETI in a simulated model of pediatric respiratory arrest. METHODS: This prospective, randomized trial included paramedics and senior paramedic students with limited prior KLT experience...
April 2012: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22038839/discrepancies-between-pediatric-laboratories-in-pulmonary-function-results-from-healthy-children
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
James Paton, Caroline Beardsmore, Aidan Laverty, Caroline King, Cara Oliver, David Young, Janet Stocks
BACKGROUND: Multi-center research studies that include pulmonary function as an objective outcome are increasingly important in pediatric respiratory medicine. The need for local controls rather than depending on published normative data for lung function remains debatable. AIM: To compare pulmonary function in childhood controls with no respiratory symptoms from three centers in the United Kingdom and ascertain the extent to which current reference equations are appropriate for this population...
June 2012: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21480773/prehospital-pediatric-king-lt-d-use-a-pilot-study
#10
Seth C Ritter, Francis X Guyette
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether prehospital providers can successfully place a pediatric King laryngeal tube (LT-D) and ventilate a Laerdal SimBaby pediatric simulator during a respiratory arrest simulation. METHODS: We studied the ability of 45 paramedics and flight nurses to place the pediatric King LT-D in a SimBaby manikin. For the purposes of this study, paramedics and flight nurses were considered equivalent, because in this air medical system they have the same scope of practice in regard to airway skills...
July 2011: Prehospital Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20409630/evaluation-of-telephone-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-advice-for-paediatric-cardiac-arrest
#11
Charles D Deakin, Siân Evans, Philip King
INTRODUCTION: Telephone-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) advice aims to increase the quality and quantity of bystander CPR, one of the few interventions shown to improve outcome in cardiac arrest. We evaluated a current paediatric telephone protocol (AMPDS v11.1) to assess the effectiveness of verbal CPR instructions in paediatric cardiac arrest. METHODS: Consecutive emergency calls classified by the AMPDS as cardiac arrests in children <8 years old, over an 11 month period, were compared with their corresponding patient report forms (PRFs) to confirm the diagnosis...
July 2010: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20337953/total-intravenous-anesthesia-and-spontaneous-respiration-for-airway-endoscopy-in-children-a-prospective-evaluation
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Stephan Malherbe, Simon Whyte, Permendra Singh, Erica Amari, Ashlee King, J Mark Ansermino
INTRODUCTION: Inhalational anesthesia with spontaneous respiration is traditionally used to facilitate airway endoscopy in children. The potential difficulties in maintaining adequate depth of anesthesia using inhalational anesthesia and the anesthetic pollution of the surgical environment are significant disadvantages of this technique. We report our institutional experience using total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) and spontaneous respiration. METHODS: We prospectively studied 41 pediatric patients undergoing 52 airway endoscopies and airway surgeries...
May 2010: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19730263/vocal-cord-paralysis-in-children
#13
REVIEW
Ericka F King, Joel H Blumin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vocal fold paralysis (VFP) is an increasingly commonly identified problem in the pediatric patient. Diagnostic and management techniques honed in adult laryngologic practice have been successfully applied to children. RECENT FINDINGS: Iatrogenic causes, including cardiothoracic procedures, remain a common cause of unilateral VFP. Neurologic disorders predominate in the cause of bilateral VFP. Diagnosis with electromyography is currently being evaluated in children...
December 2009: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19633586/the-efficacy-of-pediatric-advanced-life-support-training-in-emergency-medical-service-providers
#14
Troy W Baker, Wilson King, Wendy Soto, Cindy Asher, Adrienne Stolfi, Mark E Rowin
Pediatric advanced life support (PALS) teaches skills unique to pediatric resuscitation. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of PALS training among emergency medical service (EMS) providers in out-of-hospital trauma and medical resuscitations. A physician panel evaluated all EMS run sheets of pediatric traumas and medical resuscitations brought to a tertiary children's hospital/regional trauma center over a 3-year period. In 183 responses, EMS personnel were the sole providers of medical stabilization...
August 2009: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15786440/randomized-controlled-trial-of-salbutamol-aerosol-therapy-via-metered-dose-inhaler-spacer-vs-jet-nebulizer-in-young-children-with-wheezing
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
J Deerojanawong, W Manuyakorn, N Prapphal, C Harnruthakorn, S Sritippayawan, R Samransamruajkit
The jet nebulizer is a common device used for administering aerosol medication in young children. However, compared to a metered dose inhaler-spacer (MDI-spacer), it takes more time and personnel. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of salbutamol aerosol therapy given via these two devices in young wheezing children. A prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed in children up to 5 years old who had acute wheezing and were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics, King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital...
May 2005: Pediatric Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12911181/comparison-of-two-forms-of-albuterol-for-treatment-of-acute-bronchospasm-in-pediatric-patients
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kathy W Monroe, Michele H Nichols, William D King, Kenya Tucker, Randall Tomlinson
BACKGROUND: The Circulaire nebulizer (C-Neb) is marketed as superior to low-dose albuterol for acute bronchospasm. METHODS: This clinical trial design compared clinical and fiscal outcomes of patients treated with C-Neb and high-dose albuterol (HDA). Eligibility criteria included reactive airway disease, age >5 years, and asthma score (AS) of 2 to 10. Patients with odd medical record numbers received HDA, and those with even numbers received C-Neb. Treatment was concluded if AS was 0, peak flow was >70% predicted, or after three treatments...
May 2003: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11753197/procedural-training-for-pediatric-and-neonatal-transport-nurses-part-1-training-methods-and-airway-training
#17
B R King, G A Woodward
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2001: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10892677/pediatric-tracheotomies-changing-indications-and-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
J D Carron, C S Derkay, G L Strope, J E Nosonchuk, D H Darrow
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS: To study the outcomes and complications associated with pediatric tracheotomy, as well as the changing trend in indications and outcomes since 1970. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at a major tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: On children who underwent tracheotomy at Children's Hospital of the King's Daughters (Norfolk, VA) between 1988 and 1998, inpatient and outpatient records were reviewed. Of 218 tracheotomies, sufficient data were available on 204...
July 2000: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10661844/congenital-cystic-disease-of-the-lung-in-infants-and-children-experience-with-57-cases
#19
A Al-Bassam, A Al-Rabeeah, S Al-Nassar, K Al-Mobaireek, A Al-Rawaf, H Banjer, I Al-Mogari
A retrospective analysis of 57 consecutive cases with congenital cystic disease of the lung admitted to King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center and King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, between 1985-1995 is presented. There were 37 congenital lobar emphysema (CLE), 7 cystic adenomatoid malformation (CAM), 8 bronchogenic cyst (BC) and 5 pulmonary sequestrations (PS). There were 39 males and 18 females with ages ranging from 1 day to 5 years. All patients were symptomatic except three. Respiratory distress, repeated chest infections, and cystic changes noted in chest x-ray were the commonest presentation...
December 1999: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9811074/effects-of-sputum-oscillations-and-rhdnase-in-vitro-a-combined-approach-to-treat-cystic-fibrosis-lung-disease
#20
B Dasgupta, N E Brown, M King
Mucolytic treatment with rhDNase is part of the current therapy for cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease. The Flutter valve, a device for enhancing airway mucus clearance, has recently been approved for use in CF patients. Exhalation through the Flutter valve leads to oscillations of expiratory airflow, improving mucus viscoelasticity and stimulating clearance. The goal of our in vitro study was to evaluate the individual and combined effects of Flutter valve oscillations and rhDNase treatment on the viscoelastic (rheological) properties of CF sputum...
October 1998: Pediatric Pulmonology
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