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Maria Carmina Scala, Marina Sala, Agostina Pietrantoni, Antonia Spensiero, Simone Di Micco, Mariangela Agamennone, Alessia Bertamino, Ettore Novellino, Giuseppe Bifulco, Isabel M Gomez-Monterrey, Fabiana Superti, Pietro Campiglia
Bovine lactoferrin is a biglobular multifunctional iron binding glycoprotein that plays an important role in innate immunity against infections. We have previously demonstrated that selected peptides from bovine lactoferrin C-lobe are able to prevent both Influenza virus hemagglutination and cell infection. To deeper investigate the ability of lactoferrin derived peptides to inhibit Influenza virus infection, in this study we identified new bovine lactoferrin C-lobe derived sequences and corresponding synthetic peptides were synthesized and assayed to check their ability to prevent viral hemagglutination and infection...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yulin Lei, Jie Hou, Xiuyun Zheng
Objective Decentered flaps are rarely reported after femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis flap procedures. We present a patient with a decentered flap after preparation of a corneal flap using the Femto LDV technique. Methods The 22-year-old man required a redo operation because of a decentered corneal flap. It was performed the same day at the patient's insistence and with his consent. The new corneal flap for the redo surgery was prepared using the femtosecond laser technique and IntraLase. Results Uncorrected visual acuity for each eye was 1...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
Mohammad Ghoreishi, Zahra Naderi Beni, Afsaneh Naderi Beni, Farzan Kianersi
PURPOSE: To compare the visual and refractive outcomes after FEMTOLASIK with and without iris registration. METHODS: In this randomized, prospective, comparative, contralateral eye study, 118 eyes of 59 patients with myopia and myopic astigmatism underwent LASIK using the Femto LDV femtosecond laser (160 µm) and the MEL80 with or without iris registration. For each patient, iris registration FEMTOLASIK was performed on one eye and non-iris registration FEMTOLASIK was performed on the other eye, assigned at random...
September 5, 2017: International Ophthalmology
Kaitlin T Wozniak, Noah Elkins, Daniel R Brooks, Daniel E Savage, Scott MacRae, Jonathan D Ellis, Wayne H Knox, Krystel R Huxlin
Blue-intra-tissue refractive index shaping (Blue-IRIS) is a new approach to laser refractive correction of optical aberrations in the eye, which alters the refractive index of the cornea rather than changing its shape. Before it can be implemented in humans, it is critical to establish whether and to what extent, Blue-IRIS damages the cornea. Here, we contrasted the impact of -1.5 D cylinder refractive corrections inscribed using either Blue-IRIS or femtosecond laser in-situ keratomileusis (femto-LASIK) on corneal cell viability...
August 31, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
Maciej Dabrowski, Yanan Dai, Hrvoje Petek
Experimental methods for ultrafast microscopy are advancing rapidly. Promising methods combine ultrafast laser excitation with electron based imaging, or rely on super-resolution optical techniques to enable probing of matter on the nano-femto scale. Among several actively developed methods ultrafast time-resolved photoemission electron microscopy provides several advantages, among which the foremost are that time resolution is limited only by the laser source, and it is immediately capable for probing of coherent phenomena in solid state materials and surfaces...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Hassan Sabbah, Anthony Bonnamy, Dimitris Papanastasiou, Jose Cernicharo, Jose-Angel Martín-Gago, Christine Joblin
We developed a new analytical experimental setup called AROMA (Astrochemistry Research of Organics with Molecular Analyzer) that combines laser desorption/ionization techniques with ion trap mass spectrometry. We report here on the ability of the apparatus to detect aromatic species in complex materials of astrophysical interests and characterize their structures. A limit of detection of 100 femto-grams has been achieved using pure polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) samples, which corresponds to 2x10(8) molecules in the case of coronene (C24H12)...
July 1, 2017: Astrophysical Journal
Meng Zhou, Chenjie Zeng, Matthew Y Sfeir, Mircea Cotlet, Kenji Iida, Katsuyuki Nobusada, Rongchao Jin
Understanding the correlation between the atomic structure and optical properties of gold nanoclusters is essential for exploration of their functionalities and applications involving light harvesting and electron transfer. We report the femto-nanosecond excited state dynamics of a periodic series of face-centered cubic (FCC) gold nanoclusters (including Au28, Au36, Au44, and Au52), which exhibit a set of unique features compared with other similar sized clusters. Molecular-like ultrafast Sn → S1 internal conversions (i...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Mohamed Hosny, Fayrouz Aboalazayem, Hoda El Shiwy, Mohsen Salem
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to determine the accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) and ocular response analyzer (ORA). METHODS: This is a prospective clinical study that was conducted on 30 eyes in the interval between February 2016 and September 2016. The age of the patients ranged between 19 and 40 years. The patients underwent SMILE surgery using the femto laser...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
Maximilian Wolf, Astrid Herrmann, Andreas Hirsch, Dirk M Guldi
Porphyrin arrays consisting of three peripheral Zinc porphyrins (ZnPs) and a central free base porphyrin (H2P)-all rigidly linked to each other-serve as light-harvesting antennas as well as electron donors and are flexibly coupled to an electron-accepting C60 to realize the unidirectional flow of (i) excited-state energy from the ZnPs at the periphery to the H2P, (ii) electrons to C60, and (iii) holes to H2P and, subsequently, to ZnP. Dynamics following photoexcitation are elucidated by time-resolved transient absorption measurements on the femto-, pico-, nano-, and microsecond time scales and are examined by multiwavelength as well as target analyses...
August 15, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Weiwei Xu, Ye Tao, Liqiang Wang, Yifei Huang
BACKGROUND Some myopia patients with unsatisfactory corneas consider corneal refractive surgery for different reasons. Accelerated corneal collagen crosslinking (ACXL) is an effective method to enhance the resistance of the cornea. The present investigation was designed to evaluate the changes of biomechanical properties in patients with myopia and thin corneas after femtosecond-laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) concurrent with ACXL. MATERIAL AND METHODS A prospective study was designed. A total of 22 eyes of 11 myopia astigmatism patients with unsatisfactory corneas were enrolled...
July 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Majdi Hochlaf
Investigations of the spectroscopy and dynamics of small- and medium-sized molecules and clusters represent a hot topic in atmospheric chemistry, biology, physics, atto- and femto-chemistry and astrophysics. Nowadays, outstanding developments, both theoretical and experimental, have been achieved. The most recent results of these achievements are reviewed here. These molecular systems are studied by means of high-resolution spectroscopic techniques in either the frequency or the time domains. However, they still represent complex molecular systems since they may undergo processes that are still not fully understood in sufficient details...
August 16, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Sri Ganesh, Sheetal Brar, Archana Pawar
PURPOSE: To compare toric implantable collamer lens (T-ICL), femto-LASIK, and ReLEx SMILE for the treatment of low to moderate myopic astigmatism in terms of long-term visual and refractive outcomes and predictability of astigmatic correction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 30 eyes from 30 patients between the age groups of 21 and 40 years, undergoing bilateral surgery with any of the three procedures - T-ICL, femto-LASIK, or ReLEx SMILE - for correction of myopic astigmatism within the range of -3 to -8 D spherical equivalent (SE), with a minimum astigmatism of -0...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
Vadim Kovalyuk, Simone Ferrari, Oliver Kahl, Alexander Semenov, Michael Shcherbatenko, Yury Lobanov, Roman Ozhegov, Alexander Korneev, Nataliya Kaurova, Boris Voronov, Wolfram Pernice, Gregory Gol'tsman
While single photon detectors provide superior intensity sensitivity, spectral resolution is usually lost after the detection event. Yet for applications in low signal infrared spectroscopy recovering information about the photon's frequency contributions is essential. Here we use highly efficient waveguide integrated superconducting single-photon detectors for on-chip coherent detection. In a single nanophotonic device, we demonstrate both single-photon counting with up to 86% on-chip detection efficiency, as well as heterodyne coherent detection with spectral resolution f/∆f exceeding 10(11)...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
D J Aschaffenburg, X Chen, T Cuk
During photocatalytic water oxidation, n-SrTiO3(100) demonstrated near 100% Faradaic efficiency for O2 evolution with nano- (30 ns) and femto- (150 fs) second pulsed laser excitation of the band gap, despite surface rearrangements attributed to the high peak power (300 MW cm(-2)). Therefore, these results establish a methodology for tracking intermediates of the water oxidation cycle at the n-SrTiO3(100) surface from the picosecond time scales of charge transfer through to the millisecond time scales of O2 evolution...
June 29, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Bojan Pajic, Zeljka Cvejic, Brigitte Pajic-Eggspuehler
BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to investigate the safety and efficacy of the LDV Z8 femtosecond laser in cataract surgery compared to the conventional procedure. METHODS: This prospective study was performed at the Swiss Eye Research Foundation, Eye Clinic ORASIS, Reinach, Switzerland. The study included 130 eyes from 130 patients: 68 treated with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using the FEMTO LDV Z8 and 62 treated with conventional phacoemulsification...
June 18, 2017: Sensors
A Blériot, E Martin, P Lebranchu, K Zimmerman, L Libeau, M Weber, B Vabres, I Orignac
The management of severe keratoconus requires corneal transplantation, for which the gold standard is deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK), preserving the healthy Descemet's membrane and endothelium. The safety and reproducibility of corneal cuts have been improved by the evolution of femtosecond lasers in refractive surgery, and femtosecond laser in DALK would seem to provide the same advantages over the manual method. In our retrospective study, we compare functional and anatomical results of femtosecond-assisted DALK versus manual trephination DALK in patients with keratoconus in stage 4 of the Krumeich classification...
June 7, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Sharif Hashmani, Nauman Hashmani, Hina Rajani, Priyanka Ramesh, Junaid Ahmed Soomro, Syed Rashid Hussain Shah, Jaish Kumar, Sayed Mustafa Mahmood Shah
PURPOSE: To compare refractive outcomes, visual acuities, and satisfaction of patients between those treated with laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) using a Hansatome microkeratome (HM) and femto-assisted laser (FAL). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of 1,366 eyes in 687 patients who underwent LASIK with an HM (n=1,137) and an FAL (n=229) at the two centers of Hashmanis Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan. Refractive outcomes, including sphere, cylinder, and spherical equivalent in diopters (D), and visual acuities were assessed both preoperatively and at 1 month follow-up...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
Lisa Lautner, Kristyna Pluhackova, Nicolai K H Barth, Tilo Seydel, Wiebke Lohstroh, Rainer A Böckmann, Tobias Unruh
Neutron scattering is a powerful tool to study relaxation processes in biological membrane mimics in space and time. Combining different inelastic and quasielastic neutron scattering techniques, a large dynamic range can be covered: from atomic to mesoscopic lengths and from femto- to some hundreds of nanoseconds in time. This allows studies on e.g. the diffusion of lipids, the membrane undulation motions, the dispersion of sound waves in membranes as well as the mutual interactions of membrane constituents such as lipids, proteins, and additives...
August 2017: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Avishek Saha, Alicia Moya, Axel Kahnt, Daniel Iglesias, Silvia Marchesan, Reinhold Wannemacher, Maurizio Prato, Juan J Vilatela, Dirk M Guldi
A new insight into photoinduced charge transfer processes across carbon nanotube@TiO2 interfaces has been gained based on experimental details from transient absorption spectroscopy. We show that photoinduced, interfacial hole transfer to carboxylic acid-functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotubes (oxMWCNTs) from TiO2 results in hole-doped oxMWCNTs and reduced TiO2. The latter is inferred from femto- and nanosecond transient absorption spectroscopy performed with oxMWCNT@TiO2 dispersions and complemented with investigations using methyl viologen and N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine as an electron scavenger and a hole scavenger, respectively...
June 1, 2017: Nanoscale
Martina Ebner, Siegfried Mariacher, Kai Januschowski, Katrin Boden, Anna-Maria Seuthe, Peter Szurman, Karl Thomas Boden
BACKGROUND: To evaluate intraocular pressure (IOP) using the application of a novel liquid patient interface for femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with the FEMTO LDV Z8. METHODS: IOP was evaluated in enucleated porcine eyes prior, during and after the application of the Femto LDV Z8 liquid patient interface (Ziemer Ophthalmic Systems, Switzerland) using intracameral cannulation (n=20), intravitreal cannulation (n=20), rebound tonometry (n=20) and indentation tonometry (n=20)...
August 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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