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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933469/telephone-based-mindfulness-therapy-intervention-for-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis
#1
Vasiliki Irene Aivaliotis, Yvonne Lee, Jasmine Zia, Wahid Wassef, Mark Abramson, Walter Park
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP) have substantially impaired quality of life (QOL) both physically and mentally. Mindfulness therapy is a form of treatment that has been shown to be beneficial in many medical conditions but has not been evaluated in the CP patient population. AIMS: The aims of this study were (1) to test the feasibility and usability of a novel telephone-based mindfulness therapy service for patients with CP and (2) to determine whether there was any effect on CP quality of life...
December 8, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933003/altered-insular-function-during-aberrant-salience-processing-in-relation-to-the-severity-of-psychotic-symptoms
#2
Anna Walter, Claudia Suenderhauf, Renata Smieskova, Claudia Lenz, Fabienne Harrisberger, André Schmidt, Tobias Vogel, Undine E Lang, Anita Riecher-Rössler, Anne Eckert, Stefan Borgwardt
There is strong evidence for abnormal salience processing in patients with psychotic experiences. In particular, there are indications that the degree of aberrant salience processing increases with the severity of positive symptoms. The aim of the present study was to elucidate this relationship by means of brain imaging. Functional magnetic resonance imaging was acquired to assess hemodynamic responses during the Salience Attribution Test, a paradigm for reaction time that measures aberrant salience to irrelevant stimulus features...
2016: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932784/notes-from-the-field-investigation-of-elizabethkingia-anophelis-cluster-illinois-2014-2016
#3
Livia Navon, Whitney J Clegg, Jodi Morgan, Connie Austin, John R McQuiston, David D Blaney, Maroya Spalding Walters, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Ainsley Nicholson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 9, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932057/a-scavenger-peptide-prevents-methylglyoxal-induced-pain-in-mice
#4
Sebastian Brings, Thomas Fleming, Svenja De Buhr, Barbro Beijer, Thomas Lindner, Artjom Wischnjow, Zoltan Kender, Verena Peters, Stefan Kopf, Uwe Haberkorn, Walter Mier, Peter P Nawroth
The reactive metabolite methylglyoxal (MG) has been identified as mediator of pain. Scavenging of free MG and the prevention of MG-derived post-translational modifications may provide a useful therapeutic treatment. An arginine-rich, fatty acid coupled, cyclic peptide (CycK(Myr)R4E) with high proteolytic stability and prolonged circulation was developed for the scavenging of MG. It was shown to reduce the formation of albumin-MG adducts in vitro and prevented MG-induced pain by reducing plasma MG levels through the formation of peptide-MG adducts in vivo...
December 5, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931957/imaging-in-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-axial-spondyloarthritis
#5
REVIEW
Xenophon Baraliakos, Walter P Maksymowych
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the imaging modality of choice for diagnosing axial spondyloarthritis (SpA) when the pelvic radiograph is normal or equivocal. Subchodral bone marrow edema (BME) is the primary feature of early SpA, although structural changes, particularly erosions, may also be seen at an early stage. It is unclear whether incorporation of structural lesions enhances the classification performance of a positive MRI definition based on BME alone. Neither spinal imaging nor contrast-enhanced imaging are useful for routine diagnostic evaluation...
August 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931932/susceptibility-of-rhipicephalus-boophilus-microplus-to-fluazuron-2-5mg-kg-and-a-combination-of-novaluron-2-0mg-kg-eprinomectin-0-36mg-kg-in-field-studies-in-brazil
#6
Willian Giquelin Maciel, Welber Daniel Zanetti Lopes, Lucas Vinicius Costa Gomes, Breno Cayeiro Cruz, Gustavo Felippelli, Isabella Barbosa Dos Santos, Fernando de Almeida Borges, Walter Antonio Gonçalves, Alexandre Braga Scarpa, João Eduardo Nicaretta, Thiago Souza Azeredo Bastos, Alvimar José da Costa
The present study aimed to determine the susceptibility of 32 R. (B.) microplus populations from Southeast, Midwest and South regions of Brazil, to fluazuron (2.5mg/kg), administered topically (pour-on). Additionally, five populations (Southeast and Midwest regions) of the southern cattle tick were evaluated using in vivo field studies, regarding their susceptibility to a new combination of novaluron (2.0mg/kg)+eprinomectin (0.36mg/kg), administered subcutaneously, compared with two positive controls (fluazuron 2...
December 1, 2016: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931376/food-processing-wastes
#7
Val S Frenkel, Gregg A Cummings, K Y Maillacheruvu, Walter Z Tang
Literature published in 2015 and early 2016 related to food processing wastes treatment for industrial applications are reviewed. This review is a subsection of the Treatment Systems section of the annual Water Environment Federation literature review and covers the following food processing industries and applications: general, meat and poultry, fruits and vegetables, dairy and beverage, and miscellaneous treatment of food wastes.
October 2016: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931239/mcl-1-inhibition-provides-a-new-way-to-suppress-breast-cancer-metastasis-and-increase-sensitivity-to-dasatinib
#8
Adelaide I J Young, Andrew M K Law, Lesley Castillo, Sabrina Chong, Hayley D Cullen, Martin Koehler, Sebastian Herzog, Tilman Brummer, Erinna F Lee, Walter D Fairlie, Morghan C Lucas, David Herrmann, Amr Allam, Paul Timpson, D Neil Watkins, Ewan K A Millar, Sandra A O'Toole, David Gallego-Ortega, Christopher J Ormandy, Samantha R Oakes
BACKGROUND: Metastatic disease is largely resistant to therapy and accounts for almost all cancer deaths. Myeloid cell leukemia-1 (MCL-1) is an important regulator of cell survival and chemo-resistance in a wide range of malignancies, and thus its inhibition may prove to be therapeutically useful. METHODS: To examine whether targeting MCL-1 may provide an effective treatment for breast cancer, we constructed inducible models of BIMs2A expression (a specific MCL-1 inhibitor) in MDA-MB-468 (MDA-MB-468-2A) and MDA-MB-231 (MDA-MB-231-2A) cells...
December 8, 2016: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#9
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931054/-tb-screening-of-pregnant-women-in-accordance-with-the-german-protection-against-infection-act
#10
(no author information available yet)
Pregnant women should be tested with immune tests for tuberculosis when they undergo TB screening according to the German Infectious Diseases Protection Act. Interferon Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs) should be the priority tests used for pregnant refugees and asylum seekers, especially when migrating from high incidence countries (> 20 cases/100.000 population according to the ECDC) or when they fled from crisis regions; positive tuberculin skin tests should be veryfied with IGRA. Once immunological tests are suggesting a latent tuberculosis infection it should be considered that pregnant women have an increased risk of developing active tuberculosis with potential health threats for the unborn child...
December 2016: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930388/should-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-and-measurable-residual-disease-be-transplanted-in-first-complete-remission
#11
Francesco Buccisano, Roland B Walter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Measurable ('minimal') residual disease in acute myeloid leukemia during first complete morphologic remission (MRD CR1) identifies patients with particularly high relapse risk and short survival. Here, we examine the evidence regarding optimal postremission treatment strategy for such patients. RECENT FINDINGS: With chemotherapy alone or chemotherapy/autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), disease recurrence appears inevitable in patients with MRD CR1...
December 7, 2016: Current Opinion in Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929395/deficiency-in-the-ubiquitin-conjugating-enzyme-ube2a-in-alzheimer-s-disease-ad-is-linked-to-deficits-in-a-natural-circular-mirna-7-sponge-circrna-cirs-7
#12
Yuhai Zhao, Peter N Alexandrov, Vivian Jaber, Walter J Lukiw
Our understanding of the highly specialized functions for small non-coding single-stranded RNA (ssRNA) in the transcriptome of the human central nervous system (CNS) continues to evolve. Circular RNAs (circRNAs), a recently discovered class of ssRNA enriched in the brain and retina, are extremely stable and intrinsically resilient to degradation by exonuclease. Conventional methods of ssRNA, microRNA (miRNA), or messenger RNA (mRNA) detection and quantitation requiring free ribonucleotide ends may have considerably underestimated the quantity and significance of CNS circRNA in the CNS...
December 5, 2016: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928935/taking-the-stock-of-granule-cargo-platelet-releasate-proteomics
#13
Oliver Pagel, Elena Walter, Kerstin Jurk, René P Zahedi
Human platelets are key players in a multitude of physiological and pathological processes. Upon activation they release cargo from different types of granules as well as microparticles in an apparently well-regulated and orchestrated manner. The resulting specific platelet releasates create microenvironments of biologically active compounds and proteins during platelet aggregation and thrombus formation, allowing efficient delivery of growth factors and immune modulators to their sites of effect and enhancing the coagulative response in a positive feedback loop...
December 8, 2016: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928888/self-care-tools-to-treat-depressive-symptoms-in-patients-with-age-related-eye-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#14
Hortence Kamga, Jane McCusker, Mark Yaffe, Maida Sewitch, Tamara Sussman, Erin Strumpf, Sébastien Olivier, Walter Wittich, Solmaz Moghadaszadeh, Ellen E Freeman
BACKGROUND: Depression is very common in people with age-related eye disease. Our goal was to determine if self-care tools plus limited telephone support could reduce depressive symptoms in patients with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or diabetic retinopathy (DR). DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at Maisonneuve-Rosemont Hospital in Montreal, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty participants were recruited METHODS: To be eligible, participants must have had either late stage AMD or DR, at least mild depressive symptoms, and visual acuity better than 20/200...
December 7, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928753/comparison-of-in-vitro-test-systems-using-bacterial-and-mammalian-cells-for-genotoxicity-assessment-within-the-health-related-indication-value-hriv-concept
#15
Prantl Eva-Maria, Kramer Meike, K Schmidt Carsten, Knauer Martina, Gartiser Stefan, Shuliakevich Aliaksandra, Milas Julia, Glatt Hansruedi, Meinl Walter, Hollert Henner
In numerous cases, the German health-related indication value (HRIV) concept has proved its practicability for the assessment of drinking water relevant trace substances (Umweltbundesamt 2003). The HRIV is based on the toxicological profile of a substance. An open point of the HRIV concept has been the assignment of standardized test procedures to be used for the assessment. The level of the HRIV is at its lowest as soon as the genotoxicity of the substance is detected. As a single test on its own, it is not sufficient enough to assess the human toxicological relevance of a genotoxic effect or exclude it in the case of a negative result; a reasonable test battery was required, technically oriented towards the already harmonized international, hierarchical evaluation for toxicological assessment of chemicals...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928386/current-perspectives-of-bioptic-driving-in-low-vision
#16
REVIEW
Robert Chun, Maria Cucuras, Walter M Jay
In this review, the authors discuss the current perspectives of spectacle-mounted telescopes (bioptics) used for driving among patients with vision impairments. The history, design, driving laws surrounding bioptic use, and developing programs in The Netherlands and Canada are discussed. Patients who have certain visual requirements and stable disease status may be eligible candidates to consider using a bioptic aid for driving. Given the high prevalence of depression among visually impaired patients, low vision specialists can work with neuro-ophthalmologists to maximise the independence and visual function of patients who have permanent vision impairments but capable of maintaining driving privileges...
April 2016: Neuro-ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928080/burden-of-diarrhea-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2013-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2013
#17
Ibrahim Khalil, Danny V Colombara, Mohammad Hossein Forouzanfar, Christopher Troeger, Farah Daoud, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Puja C Rao, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Kalkidan Hassen Abate, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Foad Abd-Allah, Remon Abu-Elyazeed, Aliasghar Ahmad Kiadaliri, Ali Shafqat Akanda, Nadia Akseer, Khurshid Alam, Deena Alasfoor, Raghib Ali, Mohammad A AlMazroa, Mahmoud A Alomari, Rajaa Mohammad Salem Al-Raddadi, Ubai Alsharif, Shirina Alsowaidi, Khalid A Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Walid Ammar, Carl Abelardo T Antonio, Hamid Asayesh, Rana Jawad Asghar, Suleman Atique, Ashish Awasthi, Umar Bacha, Alaa Badawi, Aleksandra Barac, Neeraj Bedi, Tolesa Bekele, Isabela M Bensenor, Balem Demtsu Betsu, Zulfiqar Bhutta, Aref A Bin Abdulhak, Zahid A Butt, Hadi Danawi, Manisha Dubey, Aman Yesuf Endries, Imad D A Faghmous, Talha Farid, Maryam S Farvid, Farshad Farzadfar, Seyed-Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Joseph Robert Anderson Fitchett, Katherine B Gibney, Ibrahim Abdelmageem Mohamed Ginawi, Melkamu Dedefo Gishu, Harish Chander Gugnani, Rahul Gupta, Gessessew Bugssa Hailu, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Hilda L Harb, Mohammad T Hedayati, Mohamed Hsairi, Abdullatif Husseini, Nader Jahanmehr, Mehdi Javanbakht, Tariku Jibat, Jost B Jonas, Amir Kasaeian, Yousef Saleh Khader, Abdur Rahman Khan, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Gulfaraz Khan, Tawfik Ahmed Muthafer Khoja, Yohannes Kinfu, Niranjan Kissoon, Ai Koyanagi, Aparna Lal, Asma Abdul Abdul Latif, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Azeem Majeed, Reza Malekzadeh, Alem Mehari, Alemayehu B Mekonnen, Yohannes Adama Melaku, Ziad A Memish, Walter Mendoza, Awoke Misganaw, Layla Abdalla Ibrahim Mohamed, Jean B Nachega, Quyen Le Nguyen, Muhammad Imran Nisar, Emmanuel Kwame Peprah, James A Platts-Mills, Farshad Pourmalek, Mostafa Qorbani, Anwar Rafay, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Sajjad Ur Rahman, Rajesh Kumar Rai, Saleem M Rana, Chhabi L Ranabhat, Sowmya R Rao, Amany H Refaat, Mark Riddle, Gholamreza Roshandel, George Mugambage Ruhago, Muhammad Muhammad Saleh, Juan R Sanabria, Monika Sawhney, Sadaf G Sepanlou, Tesfaye Setegn, Karen Sliwa, Chandrashekhar T Sreeramareddy, Bryan L Sykes, Mohammad Tavakkoli, Bemnet Amare Tedla, Abdullah S Terkawi, Kingsley Ukwaja, Olalekan A Uthman, Ronny Westerman, Mamo Wubshet, Muluken A Yenesew, Naohiro Yonemoto, Mustafa Z Younis, Zoubida Zaidi, Maysaa El Sayed Zaki, Abdullah A Al Rabeeah, Haidong Wang, Mohsen Naghavi, Theo Vos, Alan D Lopez, Christopher J L Murray, Ali H Mokdad
Diarrheal diseases (DD) are leading causes of disease burden, death, and disability, especially in children in low-income settings. DD can also impact a child's potential livelihood through stunted physical growth, cognitive impairment, and other sequelae. As part of the Global Burden of Disease Study, we estimated DD burden, and the burden attributable to specific risk factors and particular etiologies, in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) between 1990 and 2013. For both sexes and all ages, we calculated disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), which are the sum of years of life lost and years lived with disability...
December 7, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927798/rio-2017-is-shaping-up-as-a-great-world-congress
#18
EDITORIAL
Denis Noble, Julie Chan, Penny Hansen, Walter Boron, Peter Wagner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926727/interactive-and-scalable-biology-cloud-experimentation-for-scientific-inquiry-and-education
#19
Zahid Hossain, Engin W Bumbacher, Alice M Chung, Honesty Kim, Casey Litton, Ashley D Walter, Sachin N Pradhan, Kemi Jona, Paulo Blikstein, Ingmar H Riedel-Kruse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926652/hysteroscopic-sterilization-with-essure-summary-of-the-u-s-food-and-drug-administration-actions-and-policy-implications-for-postmarketing-surveillance
#20
Jessica R Walter, Comeron W Ghobadi, Emily Hayman, Shuai Xu
In September 2015, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) convened a meeting of the Obstetrics and Gynecology Advisory Board Committee to address the sudden increase of patient-reported adverse events surrounding Essure, a Class III device offering a less invasive method for permanent female sterilization. After a review of the premarketing and postmarketing data and existing scientific literature, the FDA concluded there was insufficient evidence to remove the device from the market. However, the FDA did release a new guidance document requiring a black box warning for the device and ordered a new postmarketing study comparing Essure's safety and efficacy with laparoscopic tubal sterilization...
December 2, 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
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