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Diabetes hypertension obesity cancer

J Faber, A Wingerter, M A Neu, N Henninger, S Eckerle, T Münzel, K J Lackner, M E Beutel, M Blettner, W Rathmann, A Peters, C Meisinger, B Linkohr, H Neuhauser, P Kaatsch, C Spix, A Schneider, H Merzenich, M Panova-Noeva, J H Prochaska, P S Wild
Aims: The cardiac and vascular late sequelae in long-term survivors of childhood cancer (CVSS)-study aimed to quantify the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in German childhood cancer survivors (CCS). Methods and results: In the CVSS-study (NCT02181049), 1002 CCS (age range 23-48 years) diagnosed with neoplasia prior to 15 years of age between 1980 and 1990 prospectively underwent a systematic, standardized clinical and laboratory cardiovascular screening, identical to the population-based Gutenberg Health Study (GHS) cohort...
March 9, 2018: European Heart Journal
Xiaolin Xu, Gita D Mishra, Annette J Dobson, Mark Jones
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity (co-occurrence of two or three of these conditions) has increased rapidly. Little is known about how the three conditions progress from one to another sequentially through the life course. We aimed to delineate this progression in middle-aged women and to determine the roles of common risk factors in the accumulation of diabetes, heart disease, and stroke multimorbidity. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We used data from 13,714 women aged 45-50 years without a history of any of the three conditions...
March 2018: PLoS Medicine
Elif Guler, Nilgun Col, Mithat Buyukcelik, Ayse Balat
AIM: In recent years, survival rates of childhood cancers have significantly increased, and occurrence of long-term adverse late effects (eg, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, metabolic syndrome, hypertension) has become increasingly important. Early diagnosis of obesity/hypertension in childhood is essential to avoid morbidity in the adulthood. Therefore, this study was aimed to determine the blood pressure (BP) profile by ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM) method, and prevalence of hypertension, obesity, abdominal obesity among childhood cancer survivors...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
Mohammad Abu Zaid, Wambui G Gathirua-Mwangi, Chunkit Fung, Patrick O Monahan, Omar El-Charif, Annalynn M Williams, Darren R Feldman, Robert J Hamilton, David J Vaughn, Clair J Beard, Ryan Cook, Sandra K Althouse, Shirin Ardeshir-Rouhani-Fard, Paul C Dinh, Howard D Sesso, Lawrence H Einhorn, Sophie D Fossa, Lois B Travis
Background: Testicular cancer survivors (TCS) are at significantly increased risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD), with metabolic syndrome (MetS) an established risk factor. No study has addressed clinical and genetic MetS risk factors in North American TCS. Patients and Methods: TCS were aged <55 years at diagnosis and received first-line chemotherapy. Patients underwent physical examination, and had lipid panels, testosterone, and soluble cell adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) evaluated. A single nucleotide polymorphism in rs523349 (5-α-reductase gene, SRD5A2 ), recently implicated in MetS risk, was genotyped...
March 2018: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
Shih-Han Hung, Li-Ting Kao, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Herng-Ching Lin
Although it is known that inflammatory processes elevate the risk of cancer, to date the association between chronic tonsillitis and tonsil cancer remains unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the association of chronic tonsillitis with tonsil cancer based on a population-based database in Taiwan. We retrieved data for this study from the Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. This case-control study included 489 patients with tonsil cancer and 2445 matched controls. We used conditional logistic regression analyses to calculate the odds ratio (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) for having been previously diagnosed with chronic tonsillitis between patients with tonsil cancer and the controls...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
Herng-Ching Lin, Li-Ting Kao, Shiu-Dong Chung, Chung-Chien Huang, Ben-Chang Shia, Chao-Yuan Huang
Alzheimer's disease and cancer are increasingly prevalent with advancing age. However, the association between Alzheimer's disease and prostate cancer remains unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between prior Alzheimer's disease and subsequent prostate cancer using a population-based dataset in Taiwan. Data for this study were sourced from the Taiwan Longitudinal Health Insurance Database 2005. This case-control study included 2101 prostate cancer patients as cases and 6303 matched controls...
January 26, 2018: Oncotarget
James H O'Keefe, James J DiNicolantonio, Carl J Lavie
Coffee, a complex brew containing hundreds of biologically active compounds, exerts potent effects on long-term human health. Recently, a plethora of studies have been published focusing on health outcomes associated with coffee intake. An inverse association between coffee consumption and all-cause mortality has been seen consistently in large prospective studies. Habitual coffee consumption is also associated with lower risks for cardiovascular (CV) death and a variety of adverse CV outcomes, including coronary heart disease (CHD), congestive heart failure (HF), and stroke; coffee's effects on arrhythmias and hypertension are neutral...
February 20, 2018: Progress in Cardiovascular Diseases
Lizandra M Paravidine Sasaki, Keitty R C Andrade, Ana Claudia Morais Godoy Figueiredo, Miriam da S Wanderley, Maurício G Pereira
The objective of our study was to estimate the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and to evaluate associated clinical and demographic factors. A literature search was performed in major databases and the gray literature using the terms polyps OR endometrial polyp AND endometrial neoplasms OR endometrial cancer OR endometrial hyperplasia OR malignan*. Studies describing the frequency of pre-malignant and malignant lesions in endometrial polyps and any clinical or demographic factors associated with malignant lesions extracted using hysteroscopy were considered eligible...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
J R Pharr, C A Coughenour, T J Bungum
OBJECTIVE: Obesity and physical inactivity are associated with increased rates of chronic diseases and conditions. However, the 'fit but fat' theory posits that cardiopulmonary fitness (or physical activity) can mitigate risks to health associated with obesity. The purpose of this study was to compare chronic diseases and conditions of highly active/obese women with inactive/normal weight women. STUDY DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study of the 2015 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data...
March 2018: Public Health
Ann Wells, William T Barrington, Stephen Dearth, Amanda May, David W Threadgill, Shawn R Campagna, Brynn H Voy
Dietary intervention is commonly used for weight loss or to improve health, as diet-induced obesity increases risk of developing type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, stroke, osteoarthritis, and certain cancers. Various dietary patterns are associated with effects on health, yet little is known about the effects of diet at the tissue level. Using untargeted metabolomics, this study aimed to identify changes in water-soluble metabolites in C57BL/6J males and females, fed one of five diets (Japanese, ketogenic, Mediterranean, American, and standard mouse chow) for seven months...
January 26, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
Jung Hyun Kwak, Garam Jo, Hye-Kyung Chung, Min-Jeong Shin
PURPOSE: Epidemiological information on the association between sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the risk for hypertension (HTN) in Koreans is very limited. We tested the hypothesis that increased SSB consumption is related to a higher risk of HTN among middle-aged Korean adults in a Korean community-based cohort. METHODS: From participants of the cohort from 2001 to 2010, we selected 5775 subjects without HTN, diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer and who had no information on dietary assessment at baseline...
January 25, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Mijin Kim, Hee-Sook Lim, Hae-Hyeog Lee, Tae-Hee Kim
Some species of traditional herbal medicine has a history of use, most traditional natural herbs have been used for various diseases such as diabetes, hypertension, and obesity. Among them, Passiflora incarnata L. is a traditional natural medicine, flowers as well as berries, roots, and leaves have been used as a medicine. It has been used as a natural medicine for the treatment of insomnia and anxiety for a longtime in Europe, and it has been used primarily for sedation tea in North America. Moreover, Passiflora incarnata L...
December 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Ellen Kemler, Vincent Gouttebarge
BACKGROUND: Being active in sports has many positive health effects. The direct effects of engaging in regular physical activity are particularly apparent in the prevention of several chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer, hypertension, obesity, depression, and osteoporosis. Besides the beneficial health effects of being active, sports participation is unfortunately also associated with a risk of injuries. In the case of many sports injuries (eg, winter sports) preventive measures are not compulsory, which means that a behavioral change in sports participants is necessary to increase the use of effective measures, and subsequently prevent or reduce injuries in sports...
January 17, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Brianna Croft, Melissa Reed, Caitlyn Patrick, Natalie Kovacevich, Ioannis A Voutsadakis
BACKGROUND: Attempts to introduce prognostic factors for survival outcomes in localized colorectal cancer patients receiving surgical treatment with or without adjuvant therapies, beyond the classic staging parameters, have been met with limited success. Obesity and diabetes mellitus are among the conditions that predispose to colorectal cancer but their value as prognostic markers once the disease is diagnosed is controversial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study examines the prognostic value of the components of metabolic syndrome in a retrospective series of colorectal cancer patients with stages I to III disease followed in a single center...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer
Y-H Kim, K-H Cho, K H Kim, E J Ryu, K D Han, J-S Kim
Hypertension is the most common comorbidity among cancer survivors, although there is no model for predicting hypertension in this population. Therefore, we developed a model for predicting hypertension using data from 6,480 Korean cancer survivors who were ≥20 years old. The odds ratios (ORs) for hypertension were calculated using stepwise logistic regression analyses, and a nomogram was generated to predict hypertension. Hypertension was independently associated with an age of ≥65 years (OR: 3.058), male gender (OR: 1...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Cancer Care
Darline Garibay, Bethany P Cummings
Bariatric surgery, such as vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG), is a surgery of the gastrointestinal tract that is performed for the purpose of weight loss. Bariatric surgery is currently the most effective long-term treatment for obesity. In addition to weight loss, bariatric surgery produces additional health benefits such as remission of type 2 diabetes, remission of hypertension, and decreased risk of developing certain types of cancer. The mechanisms beyond weight loss for these benefits remain incompletely defined...
December 18, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Gabriel Verdeş, Ciprian Constantin DuŢă, Roxana Popescu, Mihai MituleŢu, Sorin Ursoniu, Octavian Fulger Lazăr
Morbid obesity is a metabolic disease characterized by an excessive accumulation of adipose tissue (=40%). This disorder is commonly associated with cardiovascular disease, arteriosclerosis, type 2 diabetes, hypothyroidism and some types of cancer. The most common metabolic signals associated with the disease are leptin, ghrelin, with antagonic effects. Our study aimed at highlighting leptin and ghrelin expression levels, as well as establishing correlations between them and clinical-biological parameters in obese patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
Tuan T Nguyen, Minh V Hoang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This review manuscript examines the burden and national response to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), food and nutrition security in Vietnam from 1975 to 2015. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: We extracted data from peer-reviewed manuscripts and reports of nationally representative surveys and related policies in Vietnam. RESULTS: In 2010, NCDs accounted for 318,000 deaths (72% of total deaths), 6.7 million years of life lost, and 14 million disability-adjusted life years in Vietnam...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Marilena Gregorini, Eleonora Francesca Pattonieri, Gianluca Fasoli, Mauro Valente, Edoardo La Porta, Michele Canevari, Fulvia Erasmi, Teresa Rampino
This review is intended to be a guide for the physician to evaluate and prepare a donor / recipient couple for living kidney transplantation. Although it is intended to be exhaustive, it will not be able to respond at all possible and different cases, but it may apply at most of them. Renal transplantation is considered the choice treatment for patients with chronic renal failure and if the kidney transplant is performed pre-emptive it is associated with better organ and patient survival. The main aim of the program is to evaluate the risks of donor and recipient and to ensure the donor safety and well-being...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Gema Frühbeck, Victoria Catalán, Amaia Rodríguez, Javier Gómez-Ambrosi
Obesity is currently the most extended metabolic disturbance worldwide favoring the development of cardiometabolic alterations such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. Obesity and the metabolic syndrome (MS) are characterized by an increase in circulating leptin concentrations, in parallel to a decrease in blood levels of adiponectin. Consequently, the adiponectin/leptin ratio has been suggested as a maker of adipose tissue dysfunction. This emerging biomarker correlates with insulin resistance better than adiponectin or leptin alone, or even HOMA and is decreased with increasing number of metabolic risk factors having been proposed as a predictive marker for the MS...
December 5, 2017: Adipocyte
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