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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865886/posterior-hypospadias-evaluation-of-a-paradigm-shift-from-single-to-staged-repair
#1
H Badawy, S Orabi, A Hanno, H Abdelhamid
INTRODUCTION: Repair of posterior hypospadias is a current dilemma. Single versus staged repair is the main question to answer. The answer is not easily reached due to lack of comparative studies. Hence such studies are not available, the reports of a change from one approach to the other one are important to point out the results of each procedure in the same hands and in the same center. Herein, we report our results of the repair of posterior hypospadias shifting from single stage to staged repair...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864341/techniques-used-to-create-continent-catheterizable-channels-a-comparison-of-long-term-results-in-children
#2
Pepijn D Polm, Laetitia M O de Kort, Tom P V M de Jong, Pieter Dik
PURPOSE: To compare long-term results of three different techniques used to create continent catheterizable channels (CCCs) in children in a single institution. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 112 children who had a CCC [appendicovesicostomy (APV), tubularized bladder flap (TBF) or Monti] created between December 1995 and December 2013. Primary outcome was revision-free survival. Secondary outcomes were channel stenosis, incontinence, and false channel requiring revision...
August 29, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625592/a-critical-analysis-of-stented-and-unstented-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-through-a-prospective-randomized-study-and-assessment-of-factors-influencing-the-functional-and-cosmetic-outcomes
#3
Tarek M El-Karamany, Ahmed M Al-Adl, Rabea G Omar, Ashraf M Abdel Aal, Amr S Eldakhakhny, Shabieb A Abdelbaki
OBJECTIVE: To compare, functionally and aesthetically, stented and unstented tubularized incised plate urethroplasty (TIPU). In addition, predictors of repair success were investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred ten children with distal hypospadias were included in this study. The length and width of the urethral plate (UP) and transverse glans diameter (TGD) were measured. Patients were randomized into two groups: stented and unstented TIPU. Postoperative assessment of pain was done using Face, Legs, Activity, Cry, Consolability (FLACC) scale, and cosmetic outcome was evaluated using hypospadias objective scoring evaluation...
June 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623142/complication-of-newborn-circumcision-meatal-stenosis-or-meatal-web
#4
Mehmet Ali Özen, Gökhan Gündoğdu, Mehmet Taşdemir, Egemen Eroğlu
INTRODUCTION: Meatal stenosis (MS) is a known complication of newborn circumcision. Symptoms are usually masked in young kids with a diaper. Deflation of urinary stream, dysuria, urinary frequency, and incontinence are the most common reported symptoms. Diagnosis of MS is still controversial. A narrow pinpoint urethral meatus is the current accepted diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: In our practice, we observed that our cases do not overlap to the classic definition and presentation of MS...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#5
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434634/hypospadias-surgery-in-england-higher-volume-centres-have-lower-complication-rates
#6
David J Wilkinson, Patrick A Green, Shanthi Beglinger, Jessica Myers, Rachel Hudson, David Edgar, Simon E Kenny
INTRODUCTION: Hypospadias surgery has progressed steadily over recent years. There remains considerable variation in the operative management of boys with hypospadias in the UK, and it is therefore difficult to identify acceptable standards with regards to reoperation rates. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of reoperations and complications from all centres performing hypospadias surgery in England and to identify variables that influence outcome. METHODS: All children undergoing NHS hypospadias surgery in England between 1999 and 2009 were identified using the Hospital Episode Statistics database...
February 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415139/primary-nocturnal-enuresis-assessment-and-treatment-at-a-single-referral-center
#7
Salvatore Arena, Mario Patricolo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of primary monosymptomatic and non-monosymptomatic nocturnal enuresis (PMNE and PNMNE) and associated factors in a major referral center for NE in Abu Dhabi. METHODS: Children referred to the Paediatric Continence Clinic, between 2014 and 2016, for PNE were included in the study. Exclusion criteria were neuropathic bladder, abnormality of the bladder and bowel, urethral stenosis, neurological and psychiatric problems, non-completion of the diagnostic protocol, and follow up <6 months...
July 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413307/laparoscopic-assisted-anorectoplasty-a-single-center-experience
#8
Rajamani Gurusamy, S Vijay Raj, Raghul Maniam, S R Regunandan
AIM: To assess the modifications in the technique of laparoscopic-assisted anorectal pull-through (LAARP) practiced at our institute and to analyze the postoperative outcome and associated complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was done to analyze the results for LAARP procedure done for high anorectal malformations (ARMs) from January 2001 to May 2016. A total of 68 patients had undergone LAARP, with 62 male and 6 female children. Staged procedure was done in 55 patients and one child with rectovestibular fistula of 5 months of age had a single-stage procedure...
April 2017: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161405/neo-yoke-repair-for-severe-hypospadias-a-simple-modification-for-better-outcome
#9
Hamed M Seleim, Hani Morsi, Mohamed M Elbarbary
BACKGROUND: Although staged repair for reconstructing severe hypospadias is more popular, various one-stage repairs have been attempted. Koyanagi repair (parameatal-based and fully extended circumferential foreskin flap urethroplasty) has enabled correction of severe hypospadias in one stage. However, its un-acceptably high incidence of complications has initiated a series of technical modifications, including the "yoke" repair. OBJECTIVES: To retrospectively analyze the outcome of a proposed modification of the originally described yoke repair, for patients with severe hypospadias...
June 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089291/repair-of-stenosed-neourethra-using-the-proximal-neourethral-diverticulum-a-technique-in-redo-hypospadias-surgery
#10
Cenita J Sam, Sudipta Sen, Pavai A Arunachalam
Neourethral diverticulum secondary to distal neourethral stenosis is not uncommon after proximal hypospadias repair. We describe a technique using the neo urethral diverticular roof and overlying skin as a composite flap to reconstruct the urethral stenosis distal to the diverticulum. The composite flap is advanced distally for reconstruction of the stenosed urethra either as a tube or as an onlay. Urethra at the diverticular bed is tubularized to reduce its caliber. This technique has yielded excellent results in three children...
February 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000197/-efficacy-evaluation-of-laparoscopic-surgery-for-children-with-persistent-cloaca
#11
Chen Wang, Shuli Liu, Zhen Chen, Long Li, Wei Zheng
OBJECTIVE: To explore the feasibility and efficacy of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of children with persistent cloaca. METHODS: Clinical data of 26 female children with high type persistent cloaca undergoing operation in the Capital Pediatric Institution between November 2005 and February 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. Mean age of these children was (1.4±1.6) years old. Distal end of rectum locating in the superior border of pubis was the standard of diagnosis...
December 25, 2016: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933278/a-simple-method-for-closure-of-urethrocutaneous-fistula-after-tubularized-incised-plate-repair-preliminary-results
#12
Mehdi Shirazi, Ali Ariafar, Amir Hossein Babaei, Abdosamad Ashrafzadeh, Ali Adib
BACKGROUND: Urethrocutaneous fistula (UCF) is the most prevalent complication after hypospadias repair surgery. Many methods have been developed for UCF correction, and the best technique for UCF repair is determined based on the size, location, and number of fistulas, as well as the status of the surrounding skin. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we introduced and evaluated a simple method for UCF correction after tubularized incised plate (TIP) repair. METHODS: This clinical study was conducted on children with UCFs ≤ 4 mm that developed after TIP surgery for hypospadias repair...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707652/bladder-continent-catheterizable-conduit-the-mitrofanoff-procedure-long-term-issues-that-should-not-be-underestimated
#13
Alice Faure, Rebecca Cooksey, Aurore Bouty, Alan Woodward, John Hutson, Mike O'Brien, Yves Heloury
BACKGROUND: Effective bladder emptying by clean intermittent catheterization for children with severe bladder dysfunction is critical for renal preservation and social integration. Use of a continent catheterizable conduit (CCC) as urethral alternative procedure provides effective bladder drainage. However, it brings a substantive maintenance. METHODS: Retrospective review of the indications and long-term outcomes of 54 patients with a Mitrofanoff procedure in a single center over a 20-year period (1995-2015)...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695207/scrotal-abscess-varied-etiology-associations-and-management
#14
Raghu S Ramareddy, Anand Alladi
AIM: To report a series of scrotal abscess, a rare problem, their etiology, and management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study of children who presented with scrotal abscess between January 2010 and March 2015, analyzed with respect to clinical features, pathophysiology of spread and management. RESULTS: Eight infants and a 3-year-old phenotypically male child presented with scrotal abscess as a result of abdominal pathologies which included mixed gonadal dysgenesis (MGD) [1]; three anorectal malformations with ectopic ureter [1], urethral stricture [1], and neurogenic bladder [1]; meconium peritonitis with meconium periorchitis [2], ileal atresia [1], and intra-abdominal abscess [1]; posturethroplasty for Y urethral duplication with metal stenosis [1] and idiopathic pyocele [1]...
October 2016: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623810/a-novel-technique-for-repair-of-mid-penile-hypospadias-using-a-preputial-skin-flap-results-of-110-patients
#15
Hazem Elmoghazy, Mohamed M Hussein, Elnisr Mohamed, Abdelbasset Badawy, Gamal Alsagheer, Ahmed Mamdouh Abd Elhamed
BACKGROUND: Several techniques have been used to repair mid-penile hypospadias; however, high failure rates and major complications have been reported. In this study, we describe a novel technique using a well-vascularized flap of the inner and outer preputial skin. METHODS: A total of 110 male children with hypospadias underwent repair by our technique between 2008 and 2015. The inclusion criteria were children with mid-penile or slightly more proximal hypospadias, with or without ventral chordae, and an intact prepuce of the cobra eyes variety...
December 2016: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27317623/results-of-distal-hypospadias-repair-after-pediatric-urology-fellowship-training-a-comparison-of-junior-surgeons-with-their-mentor
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
N C Bush, T D Barber, D Dajusta, J C Prieto, A Ziada, W Snodgrass
BACKGROUND: Teaching and learning hypospadias repair is a major component of pediatric urology fellowship training. Educators must transfer skills to fellows, without increasing patient complications. Nevertheless, few studies report results of surgeons during their first years of independent practice. PURPOSE: To review outcomes of distal hypospadias repairs performed during the same 2-year period by consecutive, recently matriculated, surgeons in independent practice, and to compare them to results by their mentor (with >20 years of experience)...
June 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27259652/the-effect-of-staged-transverse-preputial-island-flap-urethroplasty-for-proximal-hypospadias-with-severe-chordee
#17
Chao Chen, Ti-Quan Yang, Jia-Bo Chen, Ning Sun, Wei-Ping Zhang
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of staged tranverse preputial island flap(TPIF) urethroplasty and Byars two-stage procedure for proximal hypospadias with severe chordee. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 87 consecutive children of proximal hypospadias with severe chordee were included in the study from March 2011 to March 2014. While 42 children were repaired with stged TPIF (group 1), 45 children were treated with two-stage Byars urethroplasty (group 2). Mean age at first stage surgery were 26...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27020542/two-stage-graft-urethroplasty-for-proximal-and-complicated-hypospadias-in-children-a-retrospective-study
#18
Alice Faure, Aurore Bouty, Yoke Lin Nyo, Mike O'Brien, Yves Heloury
INTRODUCTION: Although two-stage graft urethroplasty is widely used, the literature regarding the complication rates and functional characteristics of reconstructed neourethra is relatively modest. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to analyze the complication rates and uroflow data of boys who have previously undergone a two-stage graft urethroplasty procedure for proximal and complicated hypospadias. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical outcomes of 52 boys with proximal (n = 44) and complicated (n = 8) hypospadias who underwent two-stage graft urethroplasty repair (median age of 15 months and 3 years respectively) between 2004 and 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26778183/comparison-of-variables-affecting-the-surgical-outcomes-of-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-in-adult-and-pediatric-hypospadias
#19
A Bhat, M Bhat, V Kumar, R Kumar, R Mittal, G Saksena
INTRODUCTION: The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends operating on hypospadias between the ages of 6-12 months. Since most births in developed countries are conducted in a hospital, parents are likely to be well informed and counseled about the hypospadias. However, significant numbers of births in developing countries are still conducted at home, with illiteracy, poverty and ignorance often leading to late presentation at the hospital. Reported hypospadias-repair complication rates are higher in adults compared with those having surgery in childhood...
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26729995/modified-tubularized-incised-plate-urethroplasty-repair-frenuloplasty-and-long-term-results-in-155-patients
#20
Süleyman Cüneyt Karakuş, Naim Koku
To describe a modification of tubularized incised plate (TIP) urethroplasty which we refer to as "frenuloplasty". We retrospectively reviewed 155 children who underwent TIP urethroplasty between June 2008 and August 2011 in our institution. In our technique, the circumcision incision went on through the mucocutaneous junction obliquely in order to form frenular wings instead of linear circumscribing incision joined the urethral plate vertically. The little triangle-shaped skin flaps between the oblique mucocutaneous incisions and urethral plate incisions were excised...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
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