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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640124/comparison-of-the-temperature-and-humidity-in-the-anesthetic-breathing-circuit-among-different-anesthetic-workstations-updated-guidelines-for-reporting-parallel-group-randomized-trials
#1
Yoon Ji Choi, Sam Hong Min, Jeong Jun Park, Jang Eun Cho, Seung Zhoo Yoon, Suk Min Yoon
BACKGROUND: For patients undergoing general anesthesia, adequate warming and humidification of the inspired gases is very important. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differences in the heat and moisture content of the inspired gases with low-flow anesthesia using 4 different anesthesia machines. METHODS: The patients were divided into 11 groups according to the anesthesia machine used (Ohmeda, Excel; Avance; Dräger, Cato; and Primus) and the fresh gas flow (FGF) rate (0...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632532/postpartum-tubal-sterilization-making-the-case-for-urgency
#2
Michael G Richardson, Sarah J Hall, Lisa C Zuckerwise
The parturient who requests postpartum sterilization has given consideration to and has made decisions regarding this aspect of her medical care long before her delivery. She arrives at parturition expecting the postpartum procedure to be performed as intended. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has reaffirmed its opinion that postpartum sterilization is an urgent procedure, owing to the safety and superior effectiveness of tubal sterilization via minilaparotomy in the immediate postpartum period, and the adverse consequences for mothers, babies, and society when the procedure is not actualized as desired and intended...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631089/targeted-temperature-management-in-the-icu-guidelines-from-a-french-expert-panel
#3
REVIEW
Alain Cariou, Jean-François Payen, Karim Asehnoune, Gerard Audibert, Astrid Botte, Olivier Brissaud, Guillaume Debaty, Sandrine Deltour, Nicolas Deye, Nicolas Engrand, Gilles Francony, Stéphane Legriel, Bruno Levy, Philippe Meyer, Jean-Christophe Orban, Sylvain Renolleau, Bernard Vigue, Laure De Saint Blanquat, Cyrille Mathien, Lionel Velly
Over the recent period, the use of induced hypothermia has gained an increasing interest for critically ill patients, in particular in brain-injured patients. The term "targeted temperature management" (TTM) has now emerged as the most appropriate when referring to interventions used to reach and maintain a specific level temperature for each individual. TTM may be used to prevent fever, to maintain normothermia, or to lower core temperature. This treatment is widely used in intensive care units, mostly as a primary neuroprotective method...
December 2017: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628578/neuraxial-anesthesia-in-obstetric-patients-receiving-thromboprophylaxis-with-unfractionated-or-low-molecular-weight-heparin-a-systematic-review-of-spinal-epidural-hematoma
#4
Lisa R Leffert, Heloise M Dubois, Alexander J Butwick, Brendan Carvalho, Timothy T Houle, Ruth Landau
Venous thromboembolism remains a major source of morbidity and mortality in obstetrics with an incidence of 29.8/100,000 vaginal delivery hospitalizations; cesarean delivery confers a 4-fold increased risk of thromboembolism when compared with vaginal delivery. Revised national guidelines now stipulate that the majority of women delivering via cesarean and women at risk for ante- or postpartum venous thromboembolism receive mechanical or pharmacological thromboprophylaxis. This practice change has important implications for obstetric anesthesiologists concerned about the risk of spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) among anticoagulated women receiving neuraxial anesthesia...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621182/-non-intubated-uniportal-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-vats-lobectomy-as-a-new-procedure-in-our-department
#5
József Furák, Zsolt Szabó, Theodor Horváth, Tibor Géczi, Balázs Pécsy, Tibor Németh, Aurél Ottlakán, Zsolt Molnár, György Lázár
AIM: Due to the emerging experience in VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) lobectomies, in some centers the so called "non-intubated" VATS lobectomies (NITS - non-intubated thoracic surgery) gained increased authority, during which endotracheal intubation and muscle relaxation of the patient is not carried out, thus surgery is being performed with the patient breathing spontaneously. The recent study deals with our initial experience gained during uniportal NITS VATS lobectomies. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Between 24...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593682/interactive-pediatric-emergency-checklists-to-the-palm-of-your-hand-how-the-pedi-crisis-app-traveled-around-the-world
#6
Jorge A Gálvez, Justin L Lockman, Laura E Schleelein, Allan F Simpao, Luis M Ahumada, Bryan A Wolf, Maully J Shah, Eugenie Heitmiller, Mohamed Rehman
BACKGROUND: Cognitive aids help clinicians manage critical events and have been shown to improve outcomes by providing critical information at the point of care. Critical event guidelines, such as the Society of Pediatric Anesthesia's Critical Events Checklists described in this article, can be distributed globally via interactive smartphone apps. From October 1, 2013 to January 1, 2014, we performed an observational study to determine the global distribution and utilization patterns of the Pedi Crisis cognitive aid app that the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia developed...
June 7, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#7
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577552/determining-the-amount-of-training-needed-for-competency-of-anesthesia-trainees-in-ultrasonographic-identification-of-the-cricothyroid-membrane
#8
Katia F Oliveira, Cristian Arzola, Xiang Y Ye, Jefferson Clivatti, Naveed Siddiqui, Kong E You-Ten
BACKGROUND: Airway guidelines recommend the use of ultrasound to localize the cricothyroid membrane prior to airway manipulation in difficult airways. In this study, we aimed to determine the amount of training anesthesia trainees would need to achieve competence in bedside ultrasound to identify the cricothyroid membrane. METHODS: This is a prospective non-randomized cohort study in the Department of Anesthesia at Mount Sinai Hospital (Toronto, Ontario, Canada)...
June 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574957/-attention-everyone-time-out-safety-attitudes-and-checklist-practices-in-anesthesiology-in-germany-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Christopher Neuhaus, Aline Spies, Henryk Wilk, Markus A Weigand, Christoph Lichtenstern
BACKGROUND: The use of perioperative checklists has generated a growing body of evidence pointing toward reduction of mortality and morbidity, improved compliance with guidelines, reduction of adverse events, and improvements in human factor-related areas. Usual quality management metrics generally fall short in assessing compliance with their perioperative application. Our study assessed application attitudes and compliance with safety measures centered around the World Health Organization (WHO) "Safe Surgery Saves Lives" campaign as perceived by anesthesia professionals in Germany...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557817/accuracy-of-capillary-and-arterial-whole-blood-glucose-measurements-using-a-glucose-meter-in-patients-under-general-anesthesia-in-the-operating-room
#10
Brad S Karon, Leslie J Donato, Chelsie M Larsen, Lindsay K Siebenaler, Amy E Wells, Christina M Wood-Wentz, Mary E Shirk-Marienau, Timothy B Curry
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of a glucose meter with surgical patients under general anesthesia in the operating room. METHODS: Glucose measurements were performed intraoperatively on 368 paired capillary and arterial whole blood samples using a Nova StatStrip (Nova Biomedical, USA) glucose meter and compared with 368 reference arterial whole blood glucose measurements by blood gas analyzer in 196 patients. Primary outcomes were median bias (meter minus reference), percentage of glucose meter samples meeting accuracy criteria for subcutaneous insulin dosing as defined by Parkes error grid analysis for type 1 diabetes mellitus, and accuracy criteria for intravenous insulin infusion as defined by Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute guidelines...
May 30, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556997/response-to-early-repeat-celiotomy-in-horses-after-a-surgical-treatment-of-jejunal-strangulation
#11
Anje G Bauck, Jeremiah T Easley, Orlaith B Cleary, Sarah Graham, Alison J Morton, Anna K Rötting, David J Schaeffer, Andrew D Smith, David E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the outcome after early repeat celiotomy in horses operated for jejunal strangulation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Horses (n = 22) that underwent repeat celiotomy for postoperative reflux (POR) and/or postoperative colic (POC) that did not improve within 48 hours from onset after initial surgical treatment of strangulating jejunal lesions by jejunojejunostomy (n = 14) or no resection (n = 8)...
May 29, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532673/-neuraxial-anesthesia-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review
#12
Helmar Bornemann-Cimenti, Nikki Sivro, Frederike Toft, Larissa Halb, Andreas Sandner-Kiesling
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines for neuraxial analgesia in patients with multiple sclerosis are ambiguous and offer the clinician only a limited basis for decision making. This systematic review examines the number of cases in which multiple sclerosis has been exacerbated after central neuraxial analgesia in order to rationally evaluate the safety of these procedures. METHODS: A systematic literature search with the keywords "anesthesia or analgesia" and "epidural, peridural, caudal, spinal, subarachnoid or intrathecal" in combination with "multiple sclerosis" was performed in the databases PubMed and Embase, looking for clinical data on the effect of central neuraxial analgesia on the course of multiple sclerosis...
May 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529003/determination-of-the-appropriate-oropharyngeal-airway-size-in-adults-assessment-using-ventilation-and-an-endoscopic-view
#13
Hyun Joo Kim, Shin Hyung Kim, Ji Young Min, Wyun Kon Park
INTRODUCTION: Size 9 and 8 airways for men and women, respectively, have been proposed as most appropriate based on endoscopy. However, a limitation of this guideline is that ventilation was not assessed. METHODS: In this retrospective review of prospectively collected data, 149 patients requiring tracheal intubation for general anesthesia were included. The adequacy for manual and pressure-controlled mechanical ventilation and views at the distal end of each airway was assessed using a fiber-optic bronchoscope with various airway sizes (7, 8, 9, 10, and 11)...
April 14, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527780/-youtube-as-a-source-of-spinal-anesthesia-epidural-anesthesia-and-combined-spinal-and-epidural-anesthesia
#14
Serkan Tulgar, Onur Selvi, Talat Ercan Serifsoy, Ozgur Senturk, Zeliha Ozer
INTRODUCTION: Social media as YouTube have become a part of daily life and many studies evaluated health-related YouTube videos. Our aim was to evaluate videos available on YouTube for the conformity to textbook information and their sufficiency as a source for patient information. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A search of the YouTube website was performed using the keywords "spinal anesthesia, epidural anesthesia, combined spinal epidural anesthesia". Firstly, 180 videos were evaluated and the characteristics of the video were noted, and the features of the video too were noted if the video was regarding neuraxial anesthesia...
May 17, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527544/a-prospective-study-of-nausea-and-vomiting-after-breast-cancer-surgery
#15
Susan W Wesmiller, Catherine M Bender, Yvette P Conley, Dana H Bovbjerg, Gretchen Ahrendt, Marguerite Bonaventura, Susan M Sereika
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) and post-discharge nausea and vomiting (PDNV) continue to be common and disturbing complications experienced after surgery, particularly in women and especially in women undergoing breast cancer surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence and risk factors associated with PONV and PDNV from preoperative to 48 hours postoperatively in 97 women scheduled for breast cancer surgery. DESIGN: Prospective, comparative design...
June 2017: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526159/anticoagulation-and-neuraxial-peripheral-anesthesia
#16
REVIEW
Mudit Kaushal, Ryan E Rubin, Alan D Kaye, Karina Gritsenko
Novel anticoagulants (NAGs) have emerged as the preferred alternatives to vitamin K antagonists. In patients being considered for regional anesthesia, these drugs present a layer of complexity in the preprocedure evaluation. There are no established tests to monitor anticoagulant activity and our experience is short with these drugs. These authors believe it is important to review the relevant hematology, orthopedics, and anesthesiology literature to provide a valuable reference for the clinician who is met with these challenges...
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526151/novel-anticoagulant-agents-in-the-perioperative-setting
#17
REVIEW
Allyson Lemay, Alan D Kaye, Richard D Urman
An increasing number of oral anticoagulants have become available over the past decade. Each of these agents has differing implications on both regional and neuraxial anesthetic techniques. This article describes the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of the most commonly used novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs). It also outlines recent guidelines for the use of NOACs in the perioperative setting, especially with regard to neuraxial anesthesia.
June 2017: Anesthesiology Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525663/management-of-male-and-female-neurogenic-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-spinal-cord-injured-sci-patients-using-adjustable-continence-therapy
#18
Enrico Ammirati, Alberto Manassero, Alessandro Giammò, Roberto Carone
INTRODUCTION: Artificial urinary sphincter (AUS) is an option for the treatment of neurogenic stress urinary incontinence (nSUI), but complications and re-operation rates are high, and there is no clear indication from guidelines (1). The aim of our study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a less invasive continence device in neurogenic population: Adjustable Continence Therapy ProACT/ACT®. METHODS: We retrospectively includedpatients with spinal cord injuries in this study, complaining of nSUI and treated at our Institution with Pro-ACT/ACT® implantation...
May 16, 2017: Urologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525510/zika-virus-obstetric-and-pediatric-anesthesia-considerations
#19
Jacqueline L Tutiven, Benjamin T Pruden, James S Banks, Mario Stevenson, David J Birnbach
As of November 2016, the Florida Department of Health (FDH) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention have confirmed more than 4000 travel-related Zika virus (ZIKV) infections in the United States with >700 of those in Florida. There have been 139 cases of locally acquired infection, all occurring in Miami, Florida. Within the US territories (eg, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands), >30,000 cases of ZIKV infection have been reported. The projected number of individuals at risk for ZIKV infection in the Caribbean and Latin America approximates 5 million...
June 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504992/trends-in-perioperative-practice-and-resource-utilization-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-undergoing-joint-arthroplasty
#20
Crispiana Cozowicz, Jashvant Poeran, Ashley Olson, Madhu Mazumdar, Eva E Mörwald, Stavros G Memtsoudis
BACKGROUND: Emerging evidence associating obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) with adverse perioperative outcomes has recently heightened the level of awareness among perioperative physicians. In particular, estimates projecting the high prevalence of this condition in the surgical population highlight the necessity of the development and adherence to "best clinical practices." In this context, a number of expert panels have generated recommendations in an effort to provide guidance for perioperative decision-making...
July 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
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