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Behavior Therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792485/telephone-assisted-parent-mediated-cbt-for-rural-latino-youth-with-anxiety-a-feasibility-trial
#1
Denise A Chavira, Cristina Bustos, Maritza Garcia, Francisco Reinosa Segovia, Afshan Baig, Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tailor a child anxiety cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) program to fit the needs of rural Latino/a Spanish-speaking families and examine the feasibility, acceptability, tolerability, and safety of this intervention using 2 modes of service delivery. METHOD: Children (n = 31; age 8-13) with anxiety disorders were recruited from primary care settings and randomized to 1 of 2 modes of parent-mediated CBT bibliotherapy: (1) telephone-delivered, therapist-assisted bibliotherapy (TTB; n = 15), and (2) a more minimal contact, self-directed, bibliotherapy condition (SB; n = 16)...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792242/testing-a-stepped-care-model-for-binge-eating-disorder-a-two-step-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Giorgio A Tasca, Diana Koszycki, Agostino Brugnera, Livia Chyurlia, Nicole Hammond, Kylie Francis, Kerri Ritchie, Iryna Ivanova, Genevieve Proulx, Brian Wilson, Julie Beaulac, Hany Bissada, Erin Beasley, Nancy Mcquaid, Renee Grenon, Benjamin Fortin-Langelier, Angelo Compare, Louise Balfour
BACKGROUND: A stepped care approach involves patients first receiving low-intensity treatment followed by higher intensity treatment. This two-step randomized controlled trial investigated the efficacy of a sequential stepped care approach for the psychological treatment of binge-eating disorder (BED). METHODS: In the first step, all participants with BED (n = 135) received unguided self-help (USH) based on a cognitive-behavioral therapy model. In the second step, participants who remained in the trial were randomized either to 16 weeks of group psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy (GPIP) (n = 39) or to a no-treatment control condition (n = 46)...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792241/efficacy-of-digital-cbt-for-insomnia-to-reduce-depression-across-demographic-groups-a-randomized-trial
#3
Philip Cheng, Annemarie I Luik, Cynthia Fellman-Couture, Edward Peterson, Christine L M Joseph, Gabriel Tallent, Kieulinh Michelle Tran, Brian K Ahmedani, Timothy Roehrs, Thomas Roth, Christopher L Drake
BACKGROUND: Insomnia and depression are highly comorbid and mutually exacerbate clinical trajectories and outcomes. Cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) effectively reduces both insomnia and depression severity, and can be delivered digitally. This could substantially increase the accessibility to CBT-I, which could reduce the health disparities related to insomnia; however, the efficacy of digital CBT-I (dCBT-I) across a range of demographic groups has not yet been adequately examined...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792052/randomized-clinical-trial-of-computerized-and-clinician-delivered-cbt-in-comparison-with-standard-outpatient-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-primary-within-treatment-and-follow-up-outcomes
#4
Brian D Kiluk, Charla Nich, Matthew B Buck, Kathleen A Devore, Tami L Frankforter, Donna M LaPaglia, Srinivas B Muvvala, Kathleen M Carroll
OBJECTIVE: Previous trials have demonstrated the efficacy and durability of computer-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT4CBT) as an add-on to standard outpatient care in a range of treatment-seeking populations. In this study, the authors evaluated the efficacy and safety of CBT4CBT as a virtual stand-alone treatment, delivered with minimal clinical monitoring, and clinician-delivered cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) compared with treatment as usual in a heterogeneous sample of treatment-seeking outpatients with substance use disorders...
May 24, 2018: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791677/multifactorial-intervention-for-diabetes-control-among-older-users-of-insulin
#5
Rafael Vaz Machry, Henrique Umpierre Pedroso, Luthiele Silva Vasconcellos, Rafaela Ramos Nunes, Cibelle de Abreu Evaldt, Eduardo Bardou Yunes Filho, Ticiana da Costa Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate if the closer follow-up with the supply of insulin pens and the measurement of capillary blood glucose improve the management of older patients with type 2 diabetes without adequate glycemic control despite extensive therapy. METHODS: This is a prospective, non-randomized, quasi-experimental study. We have included 45 patients over 60 years old, from both sexes, with glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) > 8.5% using oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin...
2018: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791593/efficacy-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-in-children-and-adolescents-with-insomnia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Zhong-Rui Ma, Li-Jun Shi, Ming-Hong Deng
Insomnia is highly prevalent in children and adolescents. However, the efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-i) in children and adolescents remains controversial. Therefore, this systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to assess the efficacy of CBT-i in children and adolescents. We conducted a search of PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, CINAHL, and PsycINFO to select primary studies evaluating CBT-i in children and adolescents that were primarily diagnosed through standardized diagnostic criteria...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791455/national-patterns-of-physician-management-of-sleep-apnea-and-treatment-among-patients-with-hypertension
#7
Rebecca Robbins, Azizi Seixas, Girardin Jean-Louis, Sairam Parthasarathy, David M Rapoport, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Joseph A Ladapo
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep apnea is associated with hypertension, and treatment may improve outcomes. We examine national burden of sleep apnea, rates of sleep apnea treatment, and whether racial/ethnic disparities exist among patients with hypertension. METHODS: Data from the National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey/National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NAMCS/NHAMCS), 2005-2012, were analyzed (N = 417,950). We identified hypertension patient visits where sleep apnea diagnosis or complaint was recorded...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791047/cell-surface-engineering-for-advanced-cell-therapy
#8
Jung Kyu Lee, Insung S Choi, Tong In Oh, EunAh Lee
Stem cells opened great opportunity to overcome diseases that conventional therapy had only limited success. Use of scaffolds made from biomaterials not only helps handling of stem cells for delivery or transplantation but also supports enhanced cell survival. Likewise, cell encapsulation can provide stability for living animal cells even in a state of separateness. Although various chemical reactions were tried to encapsulate stolid microbial cells such as yeasts, a culture environment for the growth of animal cells allows only highly biocompatible reactions...
May 23, 2018: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790988/evaluation-of-a-music-therapy-social-skills-development-program-for-youth-with-limited-resources
#9
Varvara Pasiali, Cherie Clark
Background: Children living in low-resource communities are at risk for poorer socio-emotional development and academic performance. Emerging evidence supports use of group music therapy experiences to support social development through community afterschool programming. Objective: To examine the potential benefit of a music therapy social skills development program to improve social skills and academic performance of school-aged children with limited resources in an afterschool program...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790419/rictor-gene-amplification-is-correlated-with-metastasis-and-therapeutic-resistance-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#10
Said El Shamieh, Fatima Saleh, Salim Moussa, Joseph Kattan, Fadi Farhat
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is characterized by its aggressive behavior, metastasis and lack of targeted therapies. Herein, we discuss the clinical, histopathological and genetic profile of a woman diagnosed with TNBC. Since the patient had no durable response to chemotherapy, a genetic profiling was carried out. Next-generation sequencing analysis of 592 genes showed a missense mutation, p.E545A in PIK3CA, thus the patient was started on the mTOR inhibitor everolimus, in combination with exemestane, which controlled her pain; however, the disease progressed aggressively...
May 23, 2018: Pharmacogenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790403/the-amelioration-of-pain-related-behavior-in-mice-with-chronic-spinal-cord-injury-treated-with-neural-stem-progenitor-cell-transplantation-combined-with-treadmill-training
#11
Syoichi Tashiro, Soraya Nishimura, Munehisa Shinozaki, Morito Takano, Tsunehiko Konomi, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Yoshiaki Toyama, Meigen Liu, Hideyuki Okano, Masaya Nakamura
Progress in regenerative medicine is realizing the possibility of neural regeneration and functional recovery in spinal cord injury (SCI). Recently, rehabilitation has attracted much attention in respect to the synergistic promotion of functional recovery in combination with neural stem/progenitor cell (NS/PC) transplantation, even in the chronic refractory phase of SCI. Nevertheless, sensory disturbance is one of the most prominent sequelae, even though the effects of combination or single therapies have been investigated almost only in the context of motor recovery...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790140/-the-relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-psychological-and-behavioral-factors-in-patients-with-heart-failure-following-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy
#12
Jing Huang, Jin-Bo Fang, Yi-Heng Zhao
BACKGROUND: While cardiac resynchronization therapy improves the quality of life of patients with heart failure, some psychological and behavioral factors still affect the quality of life of these patients. However, information on the factors that affect the quality of life of these patients is limited. PURPOSE: To describe the quality of life and investigate the relationship between quality of life and behavioral and psychological factors such as depression, smoking, drinking, water and sodium restrictions, exercise, and adherence in patients with chronic heart failure following cardiac resynchronization therapy...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790134/-hiv-stigma-and-spiritual-care-in-people-living-with-hiv
#13
Chia-Hui Yu, Yi-Chi Chiu, Su-Fen Cheng, Nai-Ying Ko
HIV infection has been a manageable and chronic illness in Taiwan since the highly active antiretroviral therapy was introduced in 1997. HIV infection is a stigmatized disease due to its perceived association with risky behaviors. HIV often carries a negative image, and people living with HIV(PLWH) face discrimination on multiple fronts. Internalized HIV stigma impacts the spiritual health of people living with HIV in terms of increased levels of shame, self-blame, fear of disclosing HIV status, and isolation and decreased value and connections with God, others, the environment, and the self...
June 2018: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789364/bacterial-quorum-sensing-and-microbial-community-interactions
#14
REVIEW
Rhea G Abisado, Saida Benomar, Jennifer R Klaus, Ajai A Dandekar, Josephine R Chandler
Many bacteria use a cell-cell communication system called quorum sensing to coordinate population density-dependent changes in behavior. Quorum sensing involves production of and response to diffusible or secreted signals, which can vary substantially across different types of bacteria. In many species, quorum sensing modulates virulence functions and is important for pathogenesis. Over the past half-century, there has been a significant accumulation of knowledge of the molecular mechanisms, signal structures, gene regulons, and behavioral responses associated with quorum-sensing systems in diverse bacteria...
May 22, 2018: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789049/the-impact-of-cholinesterase-inhibitors-with-or-without-memantine-on-antipsychotic-prescribing
#15
Amie Taggart Blaszczyk, Belinda Hong Mang, Hennie Garza, Monica Mathys
Background Alzheimer's disease (AD) medications have been suggested to positively affect behavior, though not universally in all studies. Their impact on antipsychotic use is not well-defined. Methods This cross-sectional, retrospective study evaluated residents with AD on cholinesterase inhibitors, memantine, both, or neither throughout multiple long-term care facilities during July 2014. Patients were included if they: were between 65 and 89 years of age, had a diagnosis of AD, and had a cognitive assessment within three months of the study period...
May 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789017/leveraging-routine-clinical-materials-and-mobile-technology-to-assess-cbt-fidelity-the-innovative-methods-to-assess-psychotherapy-practices-imapp-study
#16
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A Creed, Cassidy A Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos, Heidi La Bash
BACKGROUND: Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are often labor intensive, and less burdensome strategies may not reflect actual clinical practice. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) provide clinicians with a set of effective core elements to help treat a multitude of disorders, which, evidence suggests, need to be delivered with fidelity to maximize potential client impact...
May 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788961/relationships-among-medication-adherence-lifestyle-modification-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Yu-Mi Lee, Rock Bum Kim, Hey Jean Lee, Keonyeop Kim, Min-Ho Shin, Hyeung-Keun Park, Soon-Ki Ahn, So Young Kim, Young-Hoon Lee, Byoung-Gwon Kim, Heeyoung Lee, Won Kyung Lee, Kun Sei Lee, Mi-Ji Kim, Ki-Soo Park
BACKGROUND: The healthy adherer effect is a phenomenon in which patients who adhere to medical therapies tend to pursue health-seeking behaviors. Although the healthy adherer effect is supposed to affect health outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease, evaluation of its presence and extent is not easy. This study aimed to assess the relationship between medication adherence and lifestyle modifications and health-related quality of life among post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients...
May 22, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788728/clinical-characteristics-and-treatments-of-patients-with-alpha-fetoprotein-producing-gastric-carcinoma
#18
W Gong, Y Su, A Liu, J Liu, D Sun, T Jiang, J Xiang, C Chi, P Sun
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a well-known tumor marker of hepatic carcinoma and yolk sac tumor. Alpha-fetoprotein producing gastric carcinoma (AFPGC) is a rare type of gastric cancer with high malignancy and poor prognosis, which make it different from other types of gastric cancer. This rare gastric cancer patient subgroup is likely frequently misdiagnosed which may be related to lack of knowledge of the disease. The purpose of this article is to summarize the mechanism of AFP positive gastric cancer, classification, biological behavior and treatment, in order to assist clinical practitioners to detect AFPGC earlier and treat it better...
March 14, 2018: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788552/an-analytical-dose-averaged-let-calculation-algorithm-considering-the-off-axis-let-enhancement-by-secondary-protons-for-spot-scanning-proton-therapy
#19
Shusuke Hirayama, Taeko Matsuura, Ueda Hideaki, Yusuke Fujii, Takaaki Fujii, Seishin Takao, Naoki Miyamoto, Shinichi Shimizu, Rintaro Fujimoto, Kikuo Umegaki, Hiroki Shirato
PURPOSE: To evaluate the biological effects of proton beams as part of daily clinical routine, fast and accurate calculation of dose-averaged linear energy transfer (LETd ) is required. In this study, we have developed the analytical LETd calculation method based on the pencil-beam algorithm (PBA) considering the off-axis enhancement by secondary protons. This algorithm (PBA-dLET) was then validated using Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) results. METHODS: In PBA-dLET, LET values were assigned separately for each individual dose kernel based on the PBA...
May 22, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788253/effectiveness-of-a-blended-physical-therapist-intervention-in-people-with-hip-osteoarthritis-knee-osteoarthritis-or-both-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Corelien J J Kloek, Daniël Bossen, Peter M Spreeuwenberg, Joost Dekker, Dinny H de Bakker, Cindy Veenhof
Background: Integrating physical therapy sessions and an online application (e-Exercise) might support people with hip osteoarthritis (OA), knee OA, or both (hip/knee OA) in taking an active role in the management of their chronic condition and may reduce the number of physical therapy sessions. Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the short- and long-term effectiveness of e-Exercise compared to usual physical therapy in people with hip/knee OA...
May 17, 2018: Physical Therapy
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