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Linea alba

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707608/intestinal-perforation-after-surgical-treatment-for-incisional-hernia-iatrogenic-or-idiopathic
#1
V Amorosi, B Longo, M Sorotos, G Firmani, F D'Angelo, F Santanelli di Pompeo
Intestinal perforation (IP) is a life-threatening gastroenterological condition requiring urgent surgical care, which may present itself as an uncommon complication following incisional hernia repair surgery, most often because of iatrogenic traumatism occurring during the procedure. However, we report a case where a spontaneous onset can be hypothesised. A 60-years-old patient underwent repair of an abdominal laparocele, through rectus abdominis muscle plasty, 5 years after development of an incisional hernia due to exploratory laparotomy for the treatment of acute appendicitis...
2018: Case Reports in Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626348/clinical-outcomes-after-colopexy-through-left-ventral-paramedian-incision-in-156-thoroughbred-broodmares-with-large-colon-disorders-1999-2015
#2
Alecsya H Broyles, Scott A Hopper, J Brett Woodie, Alan J Ruggles
OBJECTIVE: To describe a technique for colopexy via a left ventral paramedian incision and report postoperative clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: One hundred fifty-six thoroughbred broodmares treated with a colopexy through a left ventral paramedian incision between 1999 and 2015. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for postoperative complications and survival to discharge. The survival rate at 1 year after surgery was based on the medical record, progeny record, or client telephone conversation...
April 6, 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620963/minimal-invasive-linea-alba-reconstruction-for-the-treatment-of-umbilical-and-epigastric-hernias-with-coexisting-rectus-abdominis-diastasis
#3
Gernot Köhler, Ines Fischer, Richard Kaltenböck, Rudolf Schrittwieser
INTRODUCTION: Patients with umbilical or epigastric hernias benefit from mesh- based repairs, and even more so if a concomitant rectus diastasis (RD) is present. The ideal technique is, however, still under debate. In this study we introduce the minimal invasive linea alba reconstruction (MILAR) with the supraaponeurotic placement of a fully absorbable synthetic mesh. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Midline reconstruction with anterior rectus sheath repair and mesh augmentation by an open approach is a well-known surgical technique for ventral hernia repair...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573185/epigastric-hernia-contiguous-with-the-laparoscopic-port-site-after-endoscopic-robotic-total-prostatectomy
#4
Yoshihiro Moriwaki, Jun Otani, Junzo Okuda, Ryo Maemoto
Both laparoscopic and endoscopic robotic surgery are widely accepted for many abdominal surgeries. However, the port site for the laparoscope cannot be easily sutured without defect, particularly in the cranial end; this can result in a port-site incisional hernia and trigger the progressive thinning and stretching of the linea alba, leading to epigastric hernia. In the present case, we encountered an epigastric hernia contiguous with an incisional scar at the port site from a previous endoscopic robotic total prostatectomy...
March 23, 2018: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567529/characterization-of-the-anisotropic-mechanical-behavior-of-human-abdominal-wall-connective-tissues
#5
Laure Astruc, Maurice De Meulaere, Jean-François Witz, Vit Nováček, Frédéric Turquier, Thierry Hoc, Mathias Brieu
Abdominal wall sheathing tissues are commonly involved in hernia formation. However, there is very limited work studying mechanics of all tissues from the same donor which prevents a complete understanding of the abdominal wall behavior and the differences in these tissues. The aim of this study was to investigate the differences between the mechanical properties of the linea alba and the anterior and posterior rectus sheaths from a macroscopic point of view. Eight full-thickness human anterior abdominal walls of both genders were collected and longitudinal and transverse samples were harvested from the three sheathing connective tissues...
March 13, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512814/diastasis-recti-abdominis-a-review-of-treatment-methods
#6
Agata Michalska, Wojciech Rokita, Daniel Wolder, Justyna Pogorzelska, Krzysztof Kaczmarczyk
Diastasis recti abdominis is a condition in which both rectus abdominis muscles disintegrate to the sides, this being ac-companied by the extension of the linea alba tissue and bulging of the abdominal wall. DRA may result in the herniation of the abdominal viscera, but it is not a hernia per se. DRA is common in the female population during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. There is a scant knowledge on the prevalence, risk factors, prevention or management of the abovemen-tioned condition. The aim of this paper is to present the methods of DRA treatment based on the results of recent studies...
2018: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494833/normal-width-of-the-inter-recti-distance-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-primiparous-women
#7
Patrícia Mota, Augusto Gil Pascoal, Ana Isabel Carita, Kari Bø
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal descriptive exploratory study. OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the normal width of the linea alba in first-time pregnant women during pregnancy and postpartum. BACKGROUND: There are normative values on the width of the linea alba for nulliparous women, but limited knowledge about the normal width of the inter-rectus distance (IRD) in pregnant and postpartum women. METHODS: Ultrasound images were recorded in 84 primiparous women, at 3 locations on the linea alba (2 cm below the umbilicus, and 2 and 5 cm above the umbilicus) and at 4 time points (gestational weeks 35-41 and 6th to 8th, 12th to 14th, and 24th to 26th weeks postpartum)...
June 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488649/optimized-wound-closure-using-a-biomechanical-abdominal-model
#8
G M Cooney, A Kiernan, D C Winter, C K Simms
BACKGROUND: Suturing techniques for midline abdominal wall incisions vary between surgeons. This study uses a biomechanical abdominal model to assess tissue stretch using different suturing techniques for midline laparotomy closure. METHODS: Deformation tests were performed on the linea alba of 48 porcine abdominal walls. Each pattern was tested three times at pressures ranging from 0 to 20 kPa using different continuous suturing techniques and a control. RESULTS: There was a sevenfold improvement when the best performing bite separation and bite width ([5, 16] mm) was compared with the most poorly performing combination ([15, 4] mm)...
March 2018: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483378/single-incision-laparoscopic-approach-for-linea-alba-hernia-in-children
#9
Zhang Jun, Jia Na, Chen Zhen, Yang Xuan, Wei Yan-Dong, Liu Shu-Li, Li Long
Objective: The aim of this study is to describe the technique and to evaluate the outcome of single-incision laparoscopic (SILC) approach for linea alba hernia in children. Materials and Methods: A 2 cm vertical umbilical incision was made and stretched horizontally. A 5-mm trocar was inserted through middle port for the telescope. Another extra-long 5-mm 30° trocar was inserted through the lateral port, 5 mm beside the middle port. The extraperitoneal fat was removed, and the defect of linea alba was repaired after hernial sac was excised...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434413/influence-of-ultrasound-transducer-tilt-in-the-cranial-and-caudal-directions-on-measurements-of-inter-rectus-distance-in-parous-women
#10
Nicole F Hills, Nadia Keshwani, Linda McLean
Purpose: An increased inter-rectus distance (IRD) can persist after a pregnancy and may be associated with lumbopelvic dysfunction. Ultrasound imaging (USI) is currently the gold standard for measuring IRD; however, no study has explored the need to standardize the transducer angle during these evaluations. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the angle of the ultrasound transducer relative to the underlying abdominal wall has an effect on measurements of IRD in parous women. Method: Ultrasound images of the linea alba (LA) were captured from 15 women, at rest and during a head lift, beginning with images acquired perpendicular to the LA at the midline, then tilted in 5° increments to 15° in both the cranial and the caudal directions...
2018: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386761/ischiopubic-osteotomy-a-simple-and-effective-technique-for-pelvic-ring-closure-in-repair-of-classic-exstrophy-bladder
#11
Kanoujia Sunil, Shiv Narain Kureel, Archika Gupta, Anand Pandey, Ashish Wakhlu, JileDar Rawat
Aim: The aim of this study is to report the technique and outcome of ischiopubic (IP) osteotomy for pelvic ring closure in classic exstrophy bladder. Methods: A total of 85 male classic exstrophies were selected based on trapezoid-shaped space between IP ramus on three-dimensional computed tomography pelvis. Using midline scroto-perineal approach, after bladder plate mobilization and radical corporal detachment; the pelvic surface of superior pubic ramus (SPR) was exposed...
January 2018: Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386678/comparison-of-incisional-bursting-strength-of-2-strand-continuous-crossing-and-simple-continuous-patterns-for-closure-of-the-equine-linea-alba
#12
Camila R S Souza, Kelly D Farnsworth, Claude A Ragle
The objective of this study was to assess and compare the bursting pressure and mode of failure of a 2-strand continuous crossing suture pattern and a simple continuous suture pattern for closure of the equine linea alba. No difference in bursting strength or mode of failure was found between the 2 suture patterns.
February 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287163/comparison-of-tensile-strength-and-time-to-closure-between-an-intermittent-aberdeen-suture-pattern-and-conventional-methods-of-closure-for-the-body-wall-of-dogs
#13
Edyta Bula, David A Upchurch, Yuheng Wang, Sheng Chen, Sara Roccabianca
OBJECTIVE To compare tensile strength and time to completion of body wall closure among 3 suture patterns. SAMPLE Eighteen 5 × 5-cm leather specimens and sixty-eight 5 × 5-cm full-thickness tissue specimens from the ventral portion of the abdominal body wall of 17 canine cadavers. PROCEDURES During experiment 1 of a 2-experiment study, each leather specimen was cut in half and sutured with a simple interrupted or simple continuous pattern or continuous pattern with intermittent Aberdeen knots (intermittent Aberdeen pattern)...
January 2018: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246755/the-significance-of-age-group-gender-and-skin-complexion-in-relation-to-the-clinical-distribution-of-developmental-oral-mucosal-alterations-in-5-13-year-old-children
#14
R A Safadi, A I Shaweesh, A A Hamasha, R Azzam, M F Alazzam, D Devang Divakar
INTRODUCTION: To describe the relationship and impact of age group, gender and skin complexion on the prevalence and clinical distribution of oral mucosal alterations of developmental origin (OMA-DO) among school children aged 5-13 years. METHODS: A randomized representative national survey of Jordanian school children including all Country geographic areas was performed. Cut-off age that significantly correlated with presence and distribution of OMA-DO was identified (ROC curve)...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198627/analytic-morphomics-predict-outcomes-after-lung-transplantation
#15
Michael J Pienta, Peng Zhang, Brian A Derstine, Binu Enchakalody, William B Weir, Tyler Grenda, Rebecca Goulson, Rishindra M Reddy, Andrew C Chang, Stewart C Wang, Jules Lin
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify morphomic factors on standard, pretransplantation computed tomography (CT) scans associated with outcomes after lung transplantation. METHODS: A retrospective review of 200 patients undergoing lung transplantation at a single institution from 2003 to 2014 was performed. CT scans obtained within 1 year before transplantation underwent morphomic analysis. Morphomic characteristics included lung, dorsal muscle group, bone, and subcutaneous and visceral fat area and density...
February 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195217/effects-of-posture-and-anatomical-location-on-inter-recti-distance-measured-using-ultrasound-imaging-in-parous-women
#16
S Gillard, C G Ryan, M Stokes, M Warner, J Dixon
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional repeated measures. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of posture and measurement site on the inter-recti distance (IRD) and investigate the reliability of IRD measurement using ultrasound imaging in different postures. BACKGROUND: The linea alba connects the rectus abdominis muscles anteriorly and the width is known as the IRD. The IRD is usually measured in crook-lying and is the primary outcome measure to assess for a divarication of recti abdominis (DRA)...
April 2018: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164131/continuous-laparoscopic-closure-of-the-linea-alba-with-barbed-sutures-combined-with-laparoscopic-mesh-implantation-ipom-plus-repair-as-a-new-technique-for-treatment-of-abdominal-hernias
#17
Reiko Wiessner, Thomas Vorwerk, Claudia Tolla-Jensen, Alexander Gehring
Despite extensive experience and significant reduction of complications in recent years, laparoscopic treatment of complex abdominal hernias is a challenge even for the experienced endoscopic surgeon. Patients with severe incisional hernias or symptomatic rectus diastasis benefit from the closure of the linea alba as a morphological and physiological reconstruction of the abdominal wall followed by mesh implantation. Occasionally, an additional component separation is necessary. In open surgery, this is associated with very large wound areas, postoperative seromas, poor wound healing and, in the worst case, mesh infections...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150929/biomechanical-properties-of-feline-ventral-abdominal-wall-and-celiotomy-closure-techniques
#18
Fernando S Reina Rodriguez, Conor T Buckley, Joshua Milgram, Barbara M Kirby
OBJECTIVE: To compare biomechanical properties and mechanism of failure of 3 regions of ventral abdominal wall in cats by using 2 suture materials, 2 suture bite-to-stitch intervals (SBSI), and full-thickness versus fascia-only closure. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, cadaveric, ex vivo mechanical testing. SAMPLE POPULATION: 16 adult cat cadavers, 3 samples per cat. METHODS: Three regions of ventral abdominal wall were mechanically tested (N = 48 samples)...
February 2018: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090424/spontaneous-external-biliary-fistula-arising-from-an-intrahepatic-duct
#19
Naoto Mizumura, Satoshi Okumura, Hiroshi Tsuchihashi, Masao Ogawa, Masayasu Kawasaki
A spontaneous external biliary fistula is most commonly a cholecystocutaneous fistula secondary to acute cholecystitis. A fistula arising from an intrahepatic duct is extremely rare. An 87-year-old man presented with swelling of the epigastric region and right upper quadrant abdomen. He had a history of cholecystectomy and endoscopic sphincterotomy. After antibiotic treatment and surgical opening of both lesions, abdominal computed tomography demonstrated a soft tissue mass cephalad to the umbilicus. We excised the mass, and found it to be associated with a fistula through the linea alba...
February 2018: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043711/the-many-guises-of-endometriosis-giant-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-masquerading-as-an-incisional-hernia
#20
Chiara Petrosellini, Sala Abdalla, Tayo Oke
Endometriosis is defined by the presence of ectopic endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. Although it is a leading cause of chronic pelvic pain and infertility, its clinical presentation can vary, resulting in diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. Extrapelvic endometriosis is particularly difficult to diagnose owing to its ability to mimic other conditions. Endometrial tissue in a surgical scar is uncommon and often misdiagnosed as a granuloma, abscess, or malignancy. Cyclical hemorrhagic ascites due to peritoneal endometriosis is exceptionally rare...
January 2018: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
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