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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375572/dental-students-knowledge-regarding-the-indications-for-antibiotics-in-the-management-of-endodontic-infections
#1
M Martín-Jiménez, B Martín-Biedma, J López-López, O Alonso-Ezpeleta, E Velasco-Ortega, M C Jiménez-Sánchez, J J Segura-Egea
AIM: To determine the knowledge of undergraduate Spanish dental students regarding the indications of systemic antibiotics in the management of endodontic infections. METHODOLOGY: The final year dental students from four Spanish Dental Schools were requested to answer a one-page questionnaire on the indications for systemic antibiotics in the treatment of endodontic infections. One hundred and seventy-five students were asked to participate in this research. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics and chi square test...
April 4, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342246/hypohidrosis-and-metal-allergy-trigger-factors-for-unilateral-lichen-planus
#2
Takeshi Fukumoto, Shinji Tsuchiyama, Atsushi Fukunaga, Chikako Nishigori
Unilateral lichen planus (LP) is a rare clinical variant of LP. The etiology of unilateral LP has not been clarified, although various causes have been reported because of the characteristic distribution. We focused on the contribution of metal allergy and sweating in the development of unilateral LP in this case. To confirm the presence of metal allergy, patch tests with metal allergens were performed. To investigate the cause of the unilateral distribution in unilateral LP, the function of sweating and sweat leaking in the dermis was assessed by a thermoregulatory sweat test and immunohistochemical staining of dermcidin...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174143/contact-allergy-caused-by-isothiazolinone-derivatives-an-overview-of-non-cosmetic-and-unusual-cosmetic-sources
#3
Olivier Aerts, An Goossens, Julien Lambert, Jean-Pierre Lepoittevin
The isothiazolinone derivatives, methylchloroisothiazolinone (MCI), methylisothiazolinone (MI), benzisothiazolinone (BIT), and octylisothiazolinone (OIT), owing to their strong bactericide, fungicide and algicide properties, are widely used in non-cosmetic products, such as chemical (industrial) products, household detergents, and water-based paints, and the former two derivatives are also used in cosmetic products. However, given their inherent sensitization potential (with MCI > MI > BIT > OIT), allergic contact dermatitis is frequently observed, both in consumers as well as workers in various industries...
February 3, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160767/investigation-and-diagnosis-of-an-immediate-allergy-to-amide-local-anaesthetic-in-a-paediatric-dental-patient
#4
Gabrielle Allen, Damien Chan, Sam Gue
Local anaesthetics remain the most common prescription medication utilised in dental practice. Adverse reactions following administration of local anaesthetic are somewhat common and are frequently reported as 'allergies'. However, of these events, it is estimated that only 1% are confirmed allergies to the local anaesthetic. This case presents the process of referral for investigation and testing to confirm an amide local anaesthetic allergy in a paediatric patient. Testing for a safe alternative was also completed to identify local anaesthetic agents also of the amide variety that can be utilised safely on this individual...
February 4, 2017: Australian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150339/retrospective-analysis-of-the-clinical-response-of-palmoplantar-pustulosis-after-dental-infection-control-and-dental-metal-removal
#5
Michiyoshi Kouno, Akihiro Nishiyama, Masaki Minabe, Naohiko Iguchi, Kenichiro Ukichi, Takeshi Nomura, Akira Katakura, Shinichi Takahashi
Both metal allergy and dental focal infection have been considered as causative factors for palmoplantar pustulosis, and several case reports described that the skin lesions were ameliorated after dental metal removal or dental infection control. However, limited data are available to evaluate the association of these factors with disease severity of palmoplantar pustulosis. This study is designed to analyze the clinical outcome of 85 palmoplantar pustulosis patients after dental infection control (n = 70), tonsillectomy (n = 6) and dental metal removal (n = 9)...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134970/allergen-getriggerte-lichenoide-mundschleimhautl%C3%A3-sionen-diagnose-und-therapie-anhand-eines-fallbeispiels
#6
Constanze Olms, Torsten W Remmerbach
Allergen-triggered lichenoid oral mucosa lesions may occur both in oral lichen planus (OLP) and oral lichenoid lesions (OLL). Clinically, OLP and OLL are difficult to distinguish from each other. An OLP should be checked by histological examination. Therefore all patients with OLP should be included into a close control interval due to the the potential malignant transformation, whereas in the literature a higher risk of malignancy is attributed to OLL in comparison with OLP. Based on a clinical case, it is demonstrated that an interdisciplinary approach in allergy and mucous diagnosis is necessary to verify the correaltion between a contact allergy to amalgam and the lichenoid mucosal lesions...
2017: Swiss Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127315/relationship-between-different-types-and-forms-of-anti-asthmatic-medications-and-dental-caries-in-three-to-12-year-olds
#7
Alireza Heidari, Bahman Seraj, Mahdi Shahrabi, Hamideh Maghsoodi, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard, Tara Zarabian
OBJECTIVES: Asthma is a common chronic disease. Asthma and anti-asthmatic medications have been suggested as risk factors for increased susceptibility to caries. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of different types and forms of antihistaminic medications and the duration of drug consumption on the severity of dental caries in asthmatic children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in Asthma and Allergy Department of Children's Medical Center in Tehran, Iran...
August 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054040/systematic-review-on-highly-viscous-glass-ionomer-cement-resin-coating-restorations-part-ii-%C3%A2-do-they-merge-minamata-convention-and-minimum-intervention-dentistry
#8
Andrej M Kielbassa, Georg Glockner, Michael Wolgin, Karl Glockner
BACKGROUND: With the Minamata Convention the use of mercury will be phased down, and this undoubtedly will have an effect on dental treatment regimens and economic resources. Composite resin restorations are considered viable alternatives to amalgam fillings; however, these will not be covered completely by health insurance systems in many countries. Recently, a high-viscosity glass-ionomer cement (hvGIC) processed with a resinous coating (RC) has been introduced, and has been marketed as a restorative material in load-bearing Class I cavities (and in Class II cavities with limited size), thus serving as a possible alternative to amalgam fillings...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029082/probiotics-in-curing-allergic-and-inflammatory-conditions-research-progress-and-futuristic-vision
#9
Kuldeep Dhama, Shyma K Latheef, Ashok Kumar Munjal, Rekha Khandia, Hari Abdul Samad, Hafiz M N Iqbal, Sunil K Joshi
BACKGROUND: Probiotics constitute the viable and beneficial microbes, which offer a dietary means to sustain the balance of gastro-intestinal (GI) microflora. Owing to their multiple health benefits, these have recently gained wide attention among researchers for exploring their potential in safeguarding the health of humans and animals. Probiotics could also modulate host-immune responses, thereby help in counteracting the immunological dysfunctions. Probiotics can inhibit the systemic invasion of pathogens entering through the GI mucosa/ oral cavity and have been found to possess effective prophylactic and therapeutic utilities against various infectious pathogens as well as non-infectious diseases and disorders...
December 26, 2016: Recent Patents on Inflammation & Allergy Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005295/antibiotics-in-endodontics-a-review
#10
REVIEW
J J Segura-Egea, K Gould, B Hakan Şen, P Jonasson, E Cotti, A Mazzoni, H Sunay, L Tjäderhane, P M H Dummer
The overuse of antibiotics and the emergence of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains is a global concern. This concern is also of importance in terms of the oral microbiota and the use of antibiotics to deal with oral and dental infections. The aim of this paper is to review the current literature on the indications and use of antibiotics and to make recommendations for their prescription in endodontic patients. Odontogenic infections, including endodontic infections, are polymicrobial, and in most cases, the prescription of antibiotics is empirical...
December 22, 2016: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000266/zirconia-dental-implants-where-are-we-now-and-where-are-we-heading
#11
REVIEW
Norbert Cionca, Dena Hashim, Andrea Mombelli
Despite decades of titanium as the gold standard in oral implantology, the search for alternatives has been growing. High esthetic standards and increasing incidence of titanium allergies, along with a rising demand for metal-free reconstructions, have led to the proposal of ceramics as potential surrogates. Following numerous experimental studies, zirconium dioxide (zirconia) has earned its place as a potential substitute for titanium in implantology. Yet, despite zirconia's excellent biocompatibility and tissue integration, low affinity to plaque and favorable biomechanical properties, early failures were significantly higher for zirconia implants than for titanium implants...
February 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987018/-osteosynthesis-of-distal-fibular-fractures-with-illuminoss-video-article
#12
M Zyskowski, M Crönlein, E Heidt, P Biberthaler, C Kirchhoff
OBJECTIVE: The aim was minimally invasive osteosynthesis of a distal fibular fracture under the premises of poor soft tissue conditions and existing chronic comorbidities to enable rapid recovery and to reduce soft tissue stress in order to avoid postoperative infections and achieve early weight bearing. INDICATIONS: This involved a distal fibula fracture, classified as 44 B1.1, B1.2, B1.3 according to the working group for osteosynthesis (AO) or a B fracture after Danis and Weber with indications for surgery (cortical disruption and shaft offset > 5 mm), age > 65 years, poor soft tissue conditions and a Charlson score ≥ 1...
January 2017: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881318/clinical-characteristics-of-an-allergic-reaction-to-a-polyether-dental-impression-material
#13
Caroline Freitas Rafael, Anja Liebermann
Allergic and hypersensitivity reactions to dental impression materials may occur throughout dental treatment, with diverse manifestations from slight redness to severe pain and a burning mouth with total stomatitis. Patients are often unaware of these allergic reactions, which makes early identification of the cause almost impossible. In addition, symptoms usually begin after 24 hours and mostly in patients with a preexisting history of allergic responses. This report describes a patient with a suspected allergic reaction to a polyether dental impression material during prosthetic rehabilitation associated with a mandibular telescopic denture...
April 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776505/health-seeking-behaviours-of-older-black-women-living-with-non-communicable-diseases-in-an-urban-township-in-south-africa
#14
O M Aboyade, R Beauclair, O N Mbamalu, T R Puoane, G D Hughes
BACKGROUND: Various studies have shown that non-communicable diseases (NCDs) especially diabetes and hypertension are prevalent among older women living in South African urban areas, placing a heavy burden on the healthcare system. This study aimed to understand the health-seeking behaviour, healthcare practices and prevalence of traditional herbal medicine (THM) use among older women self-reporting NCDs from the Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology study (PURE). METHOD: A homogenous purposive sampling of PURE participants was used to recruit women who were 50 years or older (n = 250)...
October 24, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688429/medical-emergencies-in-pediatric-dentistry
#15
REVIEW
Dubravka Negovetić Vranić, Josipa Jurković, Jesenka Jeličić, Antonija Balenović, Gordana Stipančić, Ivana Čuković-Bagić
Medical emergencies that are life threatening can occur in dental practice. Complications may arise because of an underlying disease or a reaction to medication. Reactions to medications may be allergic and toxic. The most common reactions are toxic reactions to local anesthetics, whereas allergies occur mainly as a consequence of the application of antibiotics, usually penicillin. In response to stress, vasovagal syncope typically occurs. Other causes may be related to an underlying disease-specific pathology (such as acute asthma attack, diabetic ketoacidosis, hypoglycemia, or seizures) or accidents (aspiration of a foreign body causing obstruction of the respiratory system)...
March 2016: Acta Stomatologica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669722/clinical-retrospective-study-of-self-reported-penicillin-allergy-on-dental-implant-failures-and-infections
#16
David French, Mehdi Noroozi, Batoul Shariati, Hannu Larjava
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate whether self-reported allergy to penicillin may contribute to a higher rate of postsurgical infection and implant failure. METHOD AND MATERIALS: This retrospective, non-interventional, open cohort study reports on implant survival and infection complications of 5,576 implants placed in private practice by one periodontist, and includes 4,132 implants that were followed for at least 1 year. Logistic regression was applied to examine the relationship between self-reported allergy to penicillin and implant survival, while controlling for potential confounders such as smoking, implant site, bone augmentation, loading protocol, immediate implantation, and bone level at baseline...
2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587983/unmet-diagnostic-needs-in-contact-oral-mucosal-allergies
#17
REVIEW
Paola Lucia Minciullo, Giovanni Paolino, Maddalena Vacca, Sebastiano Gangemi, Eustachio Nettis
The oral mucosa including the lips is constantly exposed to several noxious stimuli, irritants and allergens. However, oral contact pathologies are not frequently seen because of the relative resistance of the oral mucosa to irritant agents and allergens due to anatomical and physiological factors. The spectrum of signs and symptoms of oral contact allergies (OCA) is broad and a large number of condition can be the clinical expression of OCA such as allergic contact stomatitis, allergic contact cheilitis, geographic tongue, oral lichenoid reactions, burning mouth syndrome...
2016: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27585778/release-of-monomers-from-orthodontic-adhesives
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Raoul Bationo, Fabienne Jordana, Marie-José Boileau, Jacques Colat-Parros
INTRODUCTION: Most composite resins release both bisphenol A (BPA), which disrupts the endocrine balance, and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA), which has high risks for human health: eg, allergies and cytotoxicity. The aim of this study was to characterize monomers released from orthodontic adhesives. METHODS: We studied samples of orthodontic adhesives by associating 2 techniques: gas phase chromatography and mass spectrometry. RESULTS: The in-vitro analysis detected significant quantities of BPA, TEGDMA, and other monomers in orthodontic adhesives used in daily practice: Transbond XT, Transbond Supreme LV (both, 3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif), Blugloo (Ormco, Orange, Calif), and MonoLok 2 (Rocky Mountain Orthodontics, Denver, Colo)...
September 2016: American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580724/-mucosal-diseases-from-an-allergological-perspective
#19
REVIEW
I Schwarz, D Bokanovic, W Aberer
The oral allergy syndrome is one of the most common form of food allergy and manifests as contact urticaria of the oral mucosa after consumption of cross reacting foods. Whereas allergic contact stomatitis often occurs due to dental materials, allergic contact cheilitis is usually a reaction due to topical therapeutics like herpes ointments or lip care products. As late type reactions are more frequent than immediate type reactions in the anogenital mucosa, contact dermatitis in this area should be identified via epicutaneous testing...
October 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27484601/assessment-of-oral-status-in-pediatric-patients-with-special-health-care-needs-receiving-dental-rehabilitation-procedures-under-general-anesthesia-a-retrospective-analysis
#20
Neeraj Solanki, Anuj Kumar, Neha Awasthi, Anjali Kundu, Suveet Mathur, Suresh Bidhumadhav
INTRODUCTION: Dental problems serve as additional burden on the children with special health care needs (CSHCN) because of additional hospitalization pressure, they face for the treatment of various serious medical problems. These patients have higher incidence of dental caries due to increased quantity of sugar involved in the drug therapies and lower salivary flow in the oral cavity. Such patients are difficult to treat with local anesthesia or inhaled sedatives. Single-sitting dental treatment is possible in these patients with general anesthesia...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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