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Rater training

René Horsleben Petersen, Kirsten Gjeraa, Katrine Jensen, Lars Borgbjerg Møller, Henrik Jessen Hansen, Lars Konge
BACKGROUND: Competence in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy has previously been established on the basis of numbers of procedures performed, but this approach does not ensure competence. Specific assessment tools, such as the newly developed video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy assessment tool, allow for structured and objective assessment of competence. Our aim was to provide validity evidence for the video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery lobectomy assessment tool...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Stacey Kaltman, Nicholas Talisman, Susan Pennestri, Eleri Syverson, Paige Arthur, Yianna Vovides
INTRODUCTION: Effective strategies for teaching communication skills to health professions students are needed. This article describes the design and evaluation of immersive and interactive video simulations for medical students to practice basic communication skills. METHODS: Three simulations were developed, focusing on patient-centered interviewing techniques such as using open-ended questions, reflections, and empathic responses while assessing a patient's history of present illness...
May 15, 2018: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
Parul Jain, Rahul Kaul, Subrata Saha
AIM: To evaluate the reliability and validity of a newly proposed classification system for categorisation of parental behaviour (CCPB) in the dental setting. METHODS: Parents of patients aged 5-14 years were included. 127 parents were evaluated and rated on two scales: Parental Cooperation Scale (PCS; 1-4) and CCPB (0-5) by two trained examiners during the initial interaction of the parent with the examiners at their first visit in the dental setting. Kappa Score measurement of agreement was used to assess the inter-rater reliability...
May 15, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Emily R Kline, Nicole R DeTore, Kristen Keefe, Larry J Seidman, Vinod H Srihari, Matcheri S Keshavan, Margaret Guyer
Specialized treatment for first episode psychosis offers clients a menu of services coordinated within a specialized treatment team. To enhance the impact of these services, promoting engagement and preventing early treatment drop-out is critical. However, engagement is poorly tracked and typically quantified through proxy variables such as session attendance, medication adherence, or working alliance. The aim of this study is to introduce and pilot a new measure of engagement for first episode psychosis coordinated specialty care, the Client Engagement and Service Use Scale (CENSUS)...
May 12, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
Belinda Blick, Stella Nakabugo, Laura F Garabedian, Morries Seru, Birna Trap
Background: To build capacity in medicines management, the Uganda Ministry of Health introduced a nationwide supervision, performance assessment and recognition strategy (SPARS) in 2012. Medicines management supervisors (MMS) assess performance using 25 indicators to identify problems, focus supervision, and monitor improvement in medicines stock and storage management, ordering and reporting, and prescribing and dispensing. Although the indicators are well-recognized and used internationally, little was known about the reliability of these indicators...
2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Policy and Practice
Nalanda Chakraborty, Kenneth J Logan
PURPOSE: To examine the effects of measurement method and transcript availability on the accuracy, reliability, and efficiency of inexperienced raters' stuttering frequency measurements. METHOD: 44 adults, all inexperienced at evaluating stuttered speech, underwent 20 min of preliminary training in stuttering measurement and then analyzed a series of sentences, with and without access to transcripts of sentence stimuli, using either a syllable-based analysis (SBA) or an utterance-based analysis (UBA)...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
Aria Bagheri, Xue-Cheng Liu, Channing Tassone, John Thometz, Sergey Tarima
STUDY DESIGN: Three-dimensional (3D) spinal models of children with idiopathic scoliosis (IS) were created using the EOS imaging system (EOS) and sterEOS software. OBJECTIVE: To determine the inter- or intraobserver reproducibility of the 3D spinal models in children with IS of different apex locations. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: 3D spinal model measurements include the Cobb angle, kyphosis, lordosis, and axial vertebral rotation (AVR). Variation of these measurements between two investigators and two different trials by the same investigator were analyzed by inter- and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs)...
May 2018: Spine Deformity
M Barr, T Beaver, D Turczyn, S Cornish
Global Positioning System (GPS) units have recently become popular for monitoring and assessing the workloads of football players. Currently there is a lack of studies examining the validity and reliability of these systems for that purpose, so the aim of the current study was to determine if 15 Hz units (SPI HPU, GPSports, Canberra, Australia) could accurately be used to describe the physical demands of football. A series of cohort studies were carried out with Canadian university football players (n=28). In order to assess the accuracy of the units' ability to measure high velocity sprinting, 12 players performed multiple electronically timed 36...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Anthony G Gallagher, Richard K N Ryu, Robert A Pedowitz, Patrick Henn, Richard L Angelo
PURPOSE: To determine the inter-rater reliability (IRR) of a procedure-specific checklist scored in a binary fashion for the evaluation of surgical skill and whether it meets a minimum level of agreement (≥0.8 between 2 raters) required for high-stakes assessment. METHODS: In a prospective randomized and blinded fashion, and after detailed assessment training, 10 Arthroscopy Association of North America Master/Associate Master faculty arthroscopic surgeons (in 5 pairs) with an average of 21 years of surgical experience assessed the video-recorded 3-anchor arthroscopic Bankart repair performance of 44 postgraduate year 4 or 5 residents from 21 Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education orthopaedic residency training programs from across the United States...
May 2, 2018: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
S Malfait, K Eeckloo, W Van Biesen, M Deryckere, E Lust, A Van Hecke
BACKGROUND: Bedside handover is the delivery of the nurse-to-nurse shift handover at the patient's bedside. The method is increasingly used in nursing, but the evidence concerning the implementation process and compliance to the method is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the compliance with a structured bedside handover protocol following ISBARR and if there were differences in compliance between wards. DESIGN: A multicentred observational study with unannounced and non-participatory observations (n = 638) one month after the implementation of a structured bedside handover protocol...
April 24, 2018: International Journal of Nursing Studies
Diego Passuni, Elisa Dalzotto, Christian F Gath, Eliana Buffetti, Milagros Elizalde, Verónica Jarmoluk, Maria J Russo, Silvia Intruvini, Lisandro E Olmos, Orestes Freixes
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVES: The majority of people with a spinal cord injury (SCI) are dependent on wheelchair for their mobility. Approximately, 36% of wheelchair users reported that obstacles such as curbs, uneven terrain, flooring surfaces and thresholds were barriers to mobility. Several studies have shown that assessment and training of wheelchair skills leads to improvements in those skills. The purpose of our study was to translate the Wheelchair Skill Test (4...
May 3, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
Pablo Besa, Julio Urrutia, Mauricio Campos, Sebastián Mobarec, Juan Pablo Cruz, Pablo Cikutovic, Gonzalo Diaz
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Differentiating osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVF) from metastatic vertebral fractures (MVF) is an important clinical challenge. A novel magnetic resonance imaging- (MRI) based score (the META score) was described, aiming to differentiate OVF and MVF. This score showed an almost perfect agreement by the group developing it, but an independent agreement evaluation is pending. PURPOSE: To perform an independent inter- and intra-observer agreement evaluation of the META score...
April 27, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Peter Fowler, Haydn Bellardie, Bill Shaw, Phil Eyres, Gunvor Semb, John Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To assess reliability of scoring plaster models and their 3D digital copy of children with complete unilateral cleft lip and palate (CUCLP) using a continuous scale (10-cm visual analog scale [VAS]) and a categorical scale (GOSLON Yardstick). DESIGN: Reliability observational study involving 3 trained GOSLON Yardstick assessors blinded to the origin of the models. PATIENTS: Models from 35 New Zealand (NZ) and 35 Oslo CUCLP patients were standardized and randomly ordered before rating...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Heather D Hadjistavropoulos, Luke H Schneider, Kristen Klassen, Blake F Dear, Nickolai Titov
Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (ICBT) is often accompanied by therapist emails, but there is limited research on the quality of this therapist-assistance. In this study, an ICBT Therapist Rating Scale (ICBT-TRS) was developed and evaluated to assess whether therapist emails showed fidelity to specific therapist behaviours. Using data from a previous ICBT trial for depression and anxiety, the ICBT-TRS was used to rate 706 emails sent by 39 therapists to 91 randomly selected patients. Emails were rated for adherence (absent/present) and quality (inadequate/competent) on the following behaviours: Builds Rapport, Seeks Feedback, Provides Symptom Feedback, Provides Psychoeducation, Facilitates Understanding, Praises Effort, Encourages Practice, Clarifies Administrative Procedures, and Communicates Effectively...
April 25, 2018: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Mattia Di Segni, Valeria de Soccio, Vito Cantisani, Giacomo Bonito, Antonello Rubini, Gabriele Di Segni, Sveva Lamorte, Valentina Magri, Corrado De Vito, Giuseppe Migliara, Tommaso Vincenzo Bartolotta, Alessio Metere, Laura Giacomelli, Carlo de Felice, Ferdinando D'Ambrosio
PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance and the potential as a teaching tool of S-detect in the assessment of focal breast lesions. METHODS: 61 patients (age 21-84 years) with benign breast lesions in follow-up or candidate to pathological sampling or with suspicious lesions candidate to biopsy were enrolled. The study was based on a prospective and on a retrospective phase. In the prospective phase, after completion of baseline US by an experienced breast radiologist and S-detect assessment, 5 operators with different experience and dedication to breast radiology performed elastographic exams...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound
Meredith G Harris, Claudia Sparti, Roman Scheurer, Tim Coombs, Jane Pirkis, Torleif Ruud, Steve Kisely, Ketil Hanssen-Bauer, Johan Siqveland, Philip M Burgess
INTRODUCTION: The Health of the Nation Outcome Scales (HoNOS) for adults, and equivalent measures for children and adolescents and older people, are widely used in clinical practice and research contexts to measure mental health and functional outcomes. Additional HoNOS measures have been developed for special populations and applications. Stakeholders require synthesised information about the measurement properties of these measures to assess whether they are fit for use with intended service settings and populations and to establish performance benchmarks...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
Markus A de Jong, Atilla Gül, Jan Pieter de Gijt, Maarten J Koudstaal, Manfred Kayser, Eppo B Wolvius, Stefan Böhringer
Landmarking of CT scans is an important step in the alignment of skulls that is key in surgery planning, pre-/post-surgery comparisons, and morphometric studies. We present a novel method for automatically locating anatomical landmarks on the surface of cone beam CT-based image models of human skulls using 2D Gabor wavelets and ensemble learning. The algorithm is validated via human inter- and intra-rater comparisons on a set of 39 scans and a skull superimposition experiment with an established surgery planning software (Maxilim)...
April 20, 2018: Physics in Medicine and Biology
Tayla Brown, Elizabeth Murray, Patricia McCabe
Syllable segregation is among the core diagnostic features of both childhood apraxia of speech and acquired apraxia of speech; however, little is known about the limen of perception of syllable segregation. The purpose of this research was therefore to explore adult listeners' auditory perception of within-word syllable segregation in trained and untrained adult listeners. Two experimental design studies, each with two phases, were conducted. Study one included 40 untrained listeners (aged 18-28 years), and study two included 5 trained listeners (10-25 years of experience)...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
Ivan Simko, Ryan J Hayes
Visual assessments are used for evaluating the quality of food products, such as fresh-cut lettuce packaged in bags with modified atmosphere. We have compared the accuracy and the reliability of visual evaluations of decay on fresh-cut lettuce performed with experienced and inexperienced raters. In addition, we have analyzed decay data from over 4.5 thousand bags to determine the optimum timing for evaluations to detect differences among accessions. Lin's concordance coefficient (ρc) that takes into consideration both the closeness of the data and the conformance to the identity line showed high repeatability (intra-rater reliability, ρc = 0...
2018: PloS One
Stephen M Plachta, Heidi Israel, Jennifer Brechbuhler, Ann Hayes, Stephen Huebner, Howard M Place
STUDY DESIGN: Reliability Analysis. OBJECTIVE: To assess intra- and inter-observer agreement of the T1 Pelvic Angle (T1PA), a novel radiographic measure of spinal sagittal alignment. Orthopaedic surgeons of various levels of experience measured the T1PA in a series of healthy adult volunteers. The relationship of the TIPA to pelvic position was also assessed. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Recent literature suggests that the T1PA is a more reliable measure of global sagittal alignment than traditional measurements (ie SVA)...
April 13, 2018: Spine
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