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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818564/validity-of-a-smartphone-protractor-to-measure-sagittal-parameters-in-adult-spinal-deformity
#1
William Aaron Kunkle, Michael Madden, Shannon Potts, Jeremy Fogelson, Stuart Hershman
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Smartphones have become an integral tool in the daily life of healthcare professionals (Franko 2011). Their ease of use and wide availability often make smartphones the first tool surgeons use to perform measurements. This technique has been validated for certain orthopaedic pathologies (Shaw 2012, Quek 2014, Milanese 2014, Milani 2014), but never to assess sagittal parameters in adult spinal deformity. This study was designed to assess the validity, reproducibility, precision and efficiency of using a smartphone protractor application to measure sagittal parameters commonly measured in adult spinal deformity assessment and surgical planning...
August 14, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817649/point-of-care-wound-visioning-technology-reproducibility-and-accuracy-of-a-wound-measurement-app
#2
Sheila C Wang, John A E Anderson, Robyn Evans, Kevin Woo, Benjamin Beland, Denis Sasseville, Linda Moreau
BACKGROUND: Current wound assessment practices are lacking on several measures. For example, the most common method for measuring wound size is using a ruler, which has been demonstrated to be crude and inaccurate. An increase in periwound temperature is a classic sign of infection but skin temperature is not always measured during wound assessments. To address this, we have developed a smartphone application that enables non-contact wound surface area and temperature measurements. Here we evaluate the inter-rater reliability and accuracy of this novel point-of-care wound assessment tool...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817571/automated-segmentation-of-mouse-oct-volumes-asimov-validation-clinical-study-of-a-light-damage-model
#3
Bhavna Josephine Antony, Byung-Jin Kim, Andrew Lang, Aaron Carass, Jerry L Prince, Donald J Zack
The use of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is becoming commonplace for the in vivo longitudinal study of murine models of ophthalmic disease. Longitudinal studies, however, generate large quantities of data, the manual analysis of which is very challenging due to the time-consuming nature of generating delineations. Thus, it is of importance that automated algorithms be developed to facilitate accurate and timely analysis of these large datasets. Furthermore, as the models target a variety of diseases, the associated structural changes can also be extremely disparate...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815515/assessing-communication-skills-in-real-medical-encounters-in-oncology-development-and-validation-of-the-comon-coaching-rating-scales
#4
Marcelo Niglio de Figueiredo, Lorena Krippeit, Johanna Freund, Gabriele Ihorst, Andreas Joos, Juergen Bengel, Alexander Wuensch
One of the challenges in research on teaching physician-patient communication is how to assess communication, necessary for evaluating training, the learning process, and for feedback. Few instruments have been validated for real physician-patient consultations. Real consultations involve unique contexts, different persons, and topics, and are difficult to compare. The aim of this study is to develop and validate a rating scale for assessment of such consultations. For the evaluation study of a communication skills training for physicians in oncology, real consultations were recorded in three assessment points...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809994/the-static-physician-s-global-assessment-of-genitalia-a-clinical-outcome-measure-for-the-severity-of-genital-psoriasis
#5
Joseph F Merola, Alison Potts Bleakman, Alice B Gottlieb, Alan Menter, April N Naegeli, Robert Bissonnette, Lyn Guenther, John Sullivan, Kim Meeuwis, Kyoungah See, Kristina Callis Duffin
<p>Introduction: Genital psoriasis is a common but frequently overlooked manifestation of psoriasis with a considerable impact on patients' quality of life. Currently no validated clinical trial outcome measures exist to assess genital psoriasis severity that meet regulatory agency requirements.</p> <p>Methods: This study describes the development of the static Physician's Global Assessment of Genitalia (sPGA-G) scale, a clinical outcome measure for the assessment of genital psoriasis severity that accounts for the erythematous clinical presentation of genital psoriasis...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808091/inter-rater-reliability-and-downstream-financial-implications-of-electrocardiography-screening-in-young-athletes
#6
Harshil Dhutia, Aneil Malhotra, Tee Joo Yeo, Irina Chis Ster, Vincent Gabus, Alexandros Steriotis, Helder Dores, Greg Mellor, Carmen García-Corrales, Bode Ensam, Viknesh Jayalapan, Vivienne Anne Ezzat, Gherardo Finocchiaro, Sabiha Gati, Michael Papadakis, Maria Tome-Esteban, Sanjay Sharma
BACKGROUND: Preparticipation screening for cardiovascular disease in young athletes with electrocardiography is endorsed by the European Society of Cardiology and several major sporting organizations. One of the concerns of the ECG as a screening test in young athletes relates to the potential for variation in interpretation. We investigated the degree of variation in ECG interpretation in athletes and its financial impact among cardiologists of differing experience. METHODS AND RESULTS: Eight cardiologists (4 with experience in screening athletes) each reported 400 ECGs of consecutively screened young athletes according to the 2010 European Society of Cardiology recommendations, Seattle criteria, and refined criteria...
August 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805087/preliminary-investigation-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-birt-independent-living-scale
#7
Sara D S Ramos, Michael Oddy, Lorraine Haye, Anna Goodson
PURPOSE: Neurorehabilitation aims to increase independence and participation in ordinary life. It is argued that the fundamental indices of this are independent living and engagement in occupational or productive activity. The Brain Injury Rehabilitation Trust Independent Living Scale was designed to capture change in levels of participation and independence following neurorehabilitation. With greater use of outcome measures in health care, it becomes necessary to develop tools which are simple to use and that capture the holistic impact of rehabilitation...
August 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802538/what-is-the-reliability-of-clinical-measurement-tests-for-humeral-head-position-a-systematic-review
#8
Christine Konieczka, Christine Gibson, Leeann Russett, Leah Dlot, Joy MacDermid, Lyn Watson, Jackie Sadi
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. INTRODUCTION: Physiotherapists routinely assess the position of the humeral head (HH) in patients with shoulder pain. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To conduct a systematic review to determine the quality and content of studies that evaluated the reliability of clinical measurement methods for assessing the HH position. METHODS: Five databases and gray literature were searched for studies fitting the eligibility criteria...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795904/evaluation-of-fourth-year-veterinary-students-client-communication-skills-recommendations-for-scaffolded-instruction-and-practice
#9
Brenda J Stevens, April A Kedrowicz
Effective client communication is important for success in veterinary practice. The purpose of this project was to describe one approach to communication training and explore fourth-year veterinary students' communication skills through an evaluation of their interactions with clients during a general practice rotation. Two raters coded 20 random videotaped interactions simultaneously to assess students' communication, including their ability to initiate the session, incorporate open-ended questions, listen reflectively, express empathy, incorporate appropriate nonverbal communication, and attend to organization and sequencing...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777248/inter-and-intra-rater-reliability-of-the-athletic-ability-assessment-in-sub-elite-australian-rules-football-players
#10
Daniel K Rogers, Ian McKeown, Gaynor Parfitt, Darren Burgess, Roger G Eston
The aim of this study was to determine the inter- and intra-rater rater reliability of the Athletic Ability Assessment (AAA) in sub-elite Australian Rules football (ARF) players. Eighteen male ARF players completed the AAA movement assessment (overhead squat, double lunge [left and right], single leg Romanian deadlift [left and right], chin-up and push-up), on two occasions separated by one week. During the first movement assessment players were filmed in the frontal and sagittal planes. Ten raters took part in the study (one experienced rater and nine novices) and were assigned in a quasi-random manner, to complete either (a) real-time assessment on two occasions, (b) real-time assessment on one occasion or (c) video-based assessment on two occasions...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771938/changes-in-symptom-content-from-a-clinical-high-risk-state-to-conversion-to-psychosis
#11
Catherine Marshall, Yun Lu, Kristina Lyngberg, Stephanie Deighton, Kristin S Cadenhead, Tyrone D Cannon, Barbara A Cornblatt, Thomas H McGlashan, Diana O Perkins, Larry J Seidman, Ming T Tsuang, Elaine F Walker, Scott W Woods, Carrie E Bearden, Daniel Mathalon, Jean Addington
AIM: There is an interest in the transition to psychosis for those at clinical high risk of developing psychosis. This transition is typically determined by a change in severity of the attenuated symptoms as they reach a psychotic level. However, any concomitant change in the content of such symptoms has not been examined. The current study aimed to examine potential qualitative changes in the symptom content from a clinical high-risk state to a first episode of psychosis. METHODS: Sixty-seven individuals, who had been identified as meeting the attenuated psychotic syndrome based on the Structured Interview of Psychosis-Risk Syndromes and who later developed a full-blown psychosis were included in the study...
August 3, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767209/preventive-effects-of-suvorexant-on-delirium-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#12
Kotaro Hatta, Yasuhiro Kishi, Ken Wada, Takashi Takeuchi, Shigeo Ito, Akiko Kurata, Kazunori Murakami, Manabu Sugita, Chie Usui, Hiroyuki Nakamura
OBJECTIVE: No highly effective pharmacologic interventions to prevent delirium have been identified. We examined whether suvorexant, a potent and selective orexin receptor antagonist, is effective for the prevention of delirium. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, rater-blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial in intensive care units and regular acute wards between April 2015 and March 2016. Eligible patients were 65 to 89 years old, newly admitted due to emergency, and able to take medicine orally and had an expected stay or life expectancy of 48 hours or more...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766306/interpretation-of-brain-ct-scans-in-the-field-by-critical-care-physicians-in-a-mobile-stroke-unit
#13
Maren Ranhoff Hov, Erik Zakariassen, Thomas Lindner, Terje Nome, Kristi G Bache, Jo Røislien, Jostein Gleditsch, Volker Solyga, David Russell, Christian G Lund
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In acute stroke, thromboembolism or spontaneous hemorrhage abruptly reduces blood flow to a part of the brain. To limit necrosis, rapid radiological identification of the pathological mechanism must be conducted to allow the initiation of targeted treatment. The aim of the Norwegian Acute Stroke Prehospital Project is to determine if anesthesiologists, trained in prehospital critical care, may accurately assess cerebral computed tomography (CT) scans in a mobile stroke unit (MSU)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765067/development-and-validation-of-objective-performance-metrics-for-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-pilot-study
#14
Andrew J Hung, Jian Chen, Anthony Jarc, David Hatcher, Hooman Djaladat, Inderbir S Gill
PURPOSE: We explore and validate objective surgeon performance metrics using a novel recorder ("dVLogger") to directly capture surgeon manipulations on the da Vinci robot. We present the initial construct and concurrent validation study of objective metrics during pre-selected steps of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: Kinematic and events data were recorded for expert (≥100 cases) and novice (<100 cases) surgeons performing bladder mobilization (BM), seminal-vesicle dissection (SVD), anterior vesicourethral anastomosis (AA) and right pelvic lymphadenectomy (RLD)...
July 29, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762305/promoting-community-conversations-about-research-to-end-suicide-learning-and-behavioural-outcomes-of-a-training-of-trainers-model-to-facilitate-grassroots-community-health-education-to-address-indigenous-youth-suicide-prevention
#15
Lisa Wexler, Lucas Trout, Suzanne Rataj, Tanya Kirk, Roberta Moto, Diane McEachern
Alaska Native (AN) youth suicide remains a substantial and recalcitrant health disparity, especially in rural/remote communities. Promoting Community Conversations About Research to End Suicide (PC CARES) is a community health intervention that responds to the need for culturally responsive and evidence-supported prevention practice, using a grassroots approach to spark multilevel and community-based efforts for suicide prevention. This paper describes theoretical and practical considerations of the approach, and assesses the feasibility and preliminary learning and behavioural outcomes of the training-of-trainers model...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760409/development-and-reliability-of-a-user-friendly-multicenter-phenotyping-application-for-hemorrhagic-and-ischemic-stroke
#16
Mayowa Owolabi, Godwin Ogbole, Rufus Akinyemi, Kehinde Salaam, Onoja Akpa, Pattanasak Mongkolwat, Adeleye Omisore, Atinuke Agunloye, Richard Efidi, Joseph Odo, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Albert Akpalu, Fred Sarfo, Lukman Owolabi, Reginald Obiako, Kolawole Wahab, Emmanuel Sanya, Philip Adebayo, Morenikeji Komolafe, Abiodun Moshood Adeoye, Joshua Akinyemi, Godwin Osaigbovo, Taofiki Sunmonu, Paul Olowoyo, Innocent Chukwuonye, Yahaya Obiabo, Philip Ibinaiye, Abdul Dambatta, Yaw Mensah, Salaam Abdul, Eunice Olabinri, Joyce Ikubor, Olalekan Oyinloye, Femi Odunlami, Ezinne Melikam, Raelle Saulson, Philip Kolo, Adesola Ogunniyi, Bruce Ovbiagele
BACKGROUND: Annotation and Image Markup on ClearCanvas Enriched Stroke-phenotyping Software (ACCESS) is a novel stand-alone computer software application that allows the creation of simple standardized annotations for reporting brain images of all stroke types. We developed the ACCESS application and determined its inter-rater and intra-rater reliability in the Stroke Investigative Research and Educational Network (SIREN) study to assess its suitability for multicenter studies. METHODS: One hundred randomly selected stroke imaging reports from 5 SIREN sites were re-evaluated by 4 trained independent raters to determine the inter-rater reliability of the ACCESS (version 12...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758883/application-of-the-dsm-5-level-of-personality-functioning-scale-by-lay-raters
#17
Leslie C Morey
One concern that has been expressed with the Alternative Model for Personality Disorders (AMPD) presented in DSM-5 is that the description of characteristic impairments in personality function uses concepts requiring considerable experience and clinical inference to apply. To examine this question, the individual indicators included in the AMPD's Level of Personality Functioning Scale (LPFS) that describes these core impairments were abstracted as individual items, and then rated on a target acquaintance by 194 undergraduate college students with minimal training in personality disorder and no training in the AMPD...
July 31, 2017: Journal of Personality Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758370/validity-of-the-remote-food-photography-method-against-doubly-labeled-water-among-minority-preschoolers
#18
Theresa Nicklas, Rabab Saab, Noemi G Islam, William Wong, Nancy Butte, Rebecca Schulin, Yan Liu, John W Apolzan, Candice A Myers, Corby K Martin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the validity of energy intake (EI) estimations made using the remote food photography method (RFPM) compared to the doubly labeled water (DLW) method in minority preschool children in a free-living environment. METHODS: Seven days of food intake and spot urine samples excluding first void collections for DLW analysis were obtained on thirty-nine 3- to 5-year-old Hispanic and African American children. Using an iPhone, caregivers captured before and after pictures of each child's intake, pictures were wirelessly transmitted to trained raters who estimated portion size using existing visual estimation procedures, and energy and macronutrients were calculated...
July 31, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749970/effectiveness-of-physical-activity-on-patients-with-depression-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#19
Pei-Ling Wu, Megan Lee, Tzu-Ting Huang
AIM: In this paper we aimed to systematically review the literature on physical activity's effect on depressive symptoms in Parkinson disease. BACKGROUND: Depression is a common symptom of Parkinson's disease and is associated with increased disability, rapid progression of motor symptoms, mortality, and adverse effects on Quality of Life. DESIGN: A systematic review of primary research was undertaken and conducted according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749966/intrarater-and-interrater-reliability-of-three-classifications-for-scapular-dyskinesis-in-athletes
#20
Denise Martineli Rossi, Cristiane Rodrigues Pedroni, Jaqueline Martins, Anamaria Siriani de Oliveira
Clinical evaluation of scapular dyskinesis (SD) aims to identify abnormal scapulothoracic movement, underlying causal factors, and the potential relationship with shoulder symptoms. The literature proposes different methods of dynamic clinical evaluation of SD, but improved reliability and agreement values are needed. The present study aimed to evaluate the intrarater and interrater agreement and reliability of three SD classifications: 1) 4-type classification, 2) Yes/No classification, and 3) scapular dyskinesis test (SDT)...
2017: PloS One
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