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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545168/reliability-of-the-triple-timed-up-and-go-3tug-test
#1
Donald B Sanders, Jeffrey T Guptill, Kathy L Aleš, Lisa D Hobson-Webb, David P Jacobus, Riaz Mahmood, Janice M Massey, Melissa M Pittman, Kristi Prather, Shruti M Raja, Eric Yow, Vern C Juel
INTRODUCTION: We report the reliability of a new measure, the Triple Timed-Up-and-Go (3TUG) test, for assessing clinical function in patients with Lambert-Eaton myasthenia (LEM). METHODS: Intra-rater reproducibility and inter-rater agreement of the 3TUG were assessed in 25 control subjects, 24 patients with non-LEM neuromuscular disease and 12 LEM patients. The coverage probability (CP) method was the primary measure of reproducibility and agreement. The a priori acceptable range was <20% difference in 3TUG times and a CP ≥0...
May 25, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537754/development-of-a-standardized-kalamazoo-communication-skills-assessment-tool-for-radiologists-validation-multisource-reliability-and-lessons-learned
#2
Stephen D Brown, Elizabeth A Rider, Katherine Jamieson, Elaine C Meyer, Michael J Callahan, Carolynn M DeBenedectis, Sarah D Bixby, Michele Walters, Sara F Forman, Pamela H Varrin, Peter Forbes, Christopher J Roussin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a standardized communication skills assessment instrument for radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Delphi method was used to validate the Kalamazoo Communication Skills Assessment instrument for radiology by revising and achieving consensus on the 43 items of the preexisting instrument among an interdisciplinary team of experts consisting of five radiologists and four nonradiologists (two men, seven women)...
May 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535320/effectiveness-of-a-labor-cervical-exam-model-in-family-medicine-and-ob-gyn-residents
#3
Joshua F Nitsche, Nora F Fino, Jose M Palomo, Abraham Portillo Perdomo, Brian C Brost
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Labor cervical exam accuracy is an essential skill for family medicine and OB-GYN residents to master. To determine the effectiveness of simulation on labor cervical exam training, family medicine and OB-GYN residents were trained using a self-constructed PVC pipe-based cervical exam model during a short and intensive simulation workshop or "boot camp." METHODS: A task trainer was constructed that allows for the blind examination of cervical dilation and effacement...
May 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534169/-capacity-to-consent-to-treatment-in-dementia-patients-interdisciplinary-perspectives
#4
REVIEW
Julia Haberstroh, Tanja Müller
BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no concrete, evidence-based default procedures to adequately assess the capacity to consent to medical treatment. This explains why different raters use individual heuristics, differing both within and between disciplines. The lack of a procedure that is standardized, validated, and equally accepted across disciplines to assess the capacity to consent to treatment has led to an uncertainty in legal and medical practice regarding appropriate action and decision making...
May 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533184/multi-institutional-development-of-a-mastoidectomy-performance-evaluation-instrument
#5
Thomas Kerwin, Brad Hittle, Don Stredney, Paul De Boeck, Gregory Wiet
OBJECTIVE: A method for rating surgical performance of a mastoidectomy procedure that is shown to apply universally across teaching institutions has not yet been devised. This work describes the development of a rating instrument created from a multi-institutional consortium. DESIGN: Using a participatory design and a modified Delphi approach, a multi-institutional group of expert otologists constructed a 15-element task-based checklist for evaluating mastoidectomy performance...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532985/upper-limb-and-hand-patterns-in-cerebral-palsy-reliability-of-two-new-classifications
#6
E Chaleat-Valayer, R Bard-Pondarre, J C Bernard, F Roumenoff, A Lucet, A Denis, P Occelli, S Touzet
AIM: To evaluate the inter- and intra-rater reliability of two previously developed classifications of upper limb and hand patterns. METHOD: Two hundred and twelve films of patients with CP (118 of UL postures and 94 of hand tasks; median age 14, 3-46 years) were viewed by 18 examiners from 2 different rehabilitation centers, and one expert who had participated in the design of the classifications. They classed upper limb (3 patterns with sub-types) and hand patterns (2 patterns with subtypes) twice, at 2 months' interval...
May 10, 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532491/evaluation-of-an-automated-thresholding-algorithm-for-the-quantification-of-paraspinal-muscle-composition-from-mri-images
#7
Maryse Fortin, Mona Omidyeganeh, Michele Crites Battié, Omair Ahmad, Hassan Rivaz
BACKGROUND: The imaging assessment of paraspinal muscle morphology and fatty infiltration has gained considerable attention in the past decades, with reports suggesting an association between muscle degenerative changes and low back pain (LBP). To date, qualitative and quantitative approaches have been used to assess paraspinal muscle composition. Though highly reliable, manual thresholding techniques are time consuming and not always feasible in a clinical setting. The tedious and rater-dependent nature of such manual thresholding techniques provides the impetus for the development of automated or semi-automated segmentation methods...
May 22, 2017: Biomedical Engineering Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528329/the-interrater-reliability-of-the-autism-diagnostic-interview-revised-adi-r-in-clinical-settings
#8
Eric Zander, Charlotte Willfors, Steve Berggren, Christina Coco, Anette Holm, Ida Jifält, Renata Kosieradzki, Jenny Linder, Viviann Nordin, Karin Olafsdottir, Sven Bölte
BACKGROUND: The Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) is considered a first choice assessment tool in autism spectrum disorder. Nevertheless, despite its wide use in psychiatric practice and recommendations by various clinical guidelines, its interrater reliability has predominantly been confirmed in research settings by specially trained, research reliability interviewers. The reliability of ADI-R assessments among clinicians has not yet been established. Therefore, this study examined the spontaneous interrater reliability of the ADI-R in a naturalistic clinical multicenter setting...
May 20, 2017: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526401/a-prospective-study-of-the-reliability-and-validity-of-the-live-donor-assessment-tool
#9
Brian M Iacoviello, Akhil Shenoy, Julia Hunt, Zorica Filipovic-Jewell, Brandy Haydel, Dianne LaPointe Rudow
BACKGROUND: The psychosocial evaluation is an important part of the live organ donor evaluation process, yet this is not standardized across institutions. OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to prospectively test the reliability and validity of a semistructured psychosocial evaluation tool that was recently developed and reported in the literature (the Live Donor Assessment Tool [LDAT]). METHODS: A total of 248 live donor candidates who presented for evaluation were invited to participate in a study that involved the LDAT being scored as part of the standard psychosocial evaluation process; 222 provided informed consent...
March 16, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515973/intra-rater-reliability-of-the-multiple-single-leg-hop-stabilization-test-and-relationships-with-age-leg-dominance-and-training
#10
Leanne Sawle, Jennifer Freeman, Jonathan Marsden
BACKGROUND: Balance is a complex construct, affected by multiple components such as strength and co-ordination. However, whilst assessing an athlete's dynamic balance is an important part of clinical examination, there is no gold standard measure. The multiple single-leg hop-stabilization test is a functional test which may offer a method of evaluating the dynamic attributes of balance, but it needs to show adequate intra-tester reliability. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the intra-rater reliability of a dynamic balance test, the multiple single-leg hop-stabilization test on the dominant and non-dominant legs...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504068/psychometric-properties-of-the-deep-muscle-contraction-scale-for-assessment-of-the-drawing-in-maneuver-in-patients-with-chronic-nonspecific-low-back-pain
#11
Crystian B Oliveira, Ruben F Negrão Filho, Márcia R Franco, Priscila K Morelhão, Amanda C Araujo, Rafael Z Pinto
Study Design A prospective cohort study. Background Motor control dysfunctions have been commonly reported in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain (LBP). Physiotherapists need clinical tools with adequate psychometric properties to assess such patients in clinical practice. The deep muscle contraction (DMC) scale is a clinical rating scale for assessing patients' ability to voluntarily contract deep abdominal muscles. Objectives To investigate the intra-rater reliability, floor and ceiling effects, internal and external responsiveness and correlation analysis (with ultrasound measures) of the DMC scale in patients with chronic non-specific LBP undergoing a lumbar stabilization exercise program...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501594/the-safe-t-assessment-tool-derivation-and-validation-of-a-web-based-application-for-point-of-care-evaluation-of-gastroenterology-fellow-performance-in-colonoscopy
#12
Navin L Kumar, Guillaume Kugener, Molly L Perencevich, John R Saltzman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Attending assessment is a critical part of endoscopic education for gastroenterology fellows. The aim of this study was to develop and validate a concise assessment tool to evaluate real-time fellow performance in colonoscopy administered via a web-based application. METHODS: The Skill Assessment in Fellow Endoscopy Training (SAFE-T) tool was derived as a novel 5-question evaluation tool that captures both summative and formative feedback and adapted into a web-based application...
May 10, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494438/assessment-of-intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-three-methods-for-measuring-atopic-dermatitis-severity-easi-objective-scorad-and-iga
#13
Agnieszka Bożek, Adam Reich
BACKGROUND: Numerous different scoring systems have been proposed for assessing the severity of atopic dermatitis (AD). Many of these methods did not undergo proper validation and reliability testing. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to compare the reliability and reproducibility of the Eczema Area and Severity Index (EASI), objective Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (oSCORAD), and Investigator Global Assessment (IGA). METHODS: On the scoring day, 10 trained dermatologists evaluated 10 adult patients with AD using the EASI, oSCORAD, and IGA...
May 12, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491937/longitudinal-multiple-sclerosis-lesion-segmentation-data-resource
#14
Aaron Carass, Snehashis Roy, Amod Jog, Jennifer L Cuzzocreo, Elizabeth Magrath, Adrian Gherman, Julia Button, James Nguyen, Pierre-Louis Bazin, Peter A Calabresi, Ciprian M Crainiceanu, Lotta M Ellingsen, Daniel S Reich, Jerry L Prince, Dzung L Pham
The data presented in this article is related to the research article entitled "Longitudinal multiple sclerosis lesion segmentation: Resource and challenge" (Carass et al., 2017) [1]. In conjunction with the 2015 International Symposium on Biomedical Imaging, we organized a longitudinal multiple sclerosis (MS) lesion segmentation challenge providing training and test data to registered participants. The training data consists of five subjects with a mean of 4.4 (±0.55) time-points, and test data of fourteen subjects with a mean of 4...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490255/developing-a-taxonomy-of-coordination-behaviors-in-nuclear-power-plant-control-rooms-during-emergencies
#15
Dunxing Wang, Qin Gao, Zhizhong Li, Fei Song, Liang Ma
This study aims to develop a taxonomy of coordination behaviors during emergencies in nuclear power plants (NPPs). We summarized basic coordination behaviors from literature in aviation, healthcare, and nuclear field and identified coordination behaviors specific to the nuclear domain by interviewing and surveying control crew operators. The established taxonomy includes seven workflow stages and 24 basic coordination behaviors. To evaluate the reliability and feasibility of the taxonomy, we analyzed 12 videos of operators' training sessions by coding coordination behaviors with the taxonomy and the inter-rater reliability was acceptable...
May 10, 2017: Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485038/a-cross-sectional-evaluation-of-the-validity-of-a-smartphone-otoscopy-device-in-screening-for-ear-disease-in-nepal
#16
R Mandavia, T Lapa, M Smith, M F Bhutta
OBJECTIVES: Hearing loss is a neglected international health problem. The greatest burden of ear disease is in low-income countries where there is also a lack of resources. In this context, screening for otological disease may be worthwhile. Cupris© has developed an otoscopy device that offers the possibility of low-cost mass screening in remote communities. We evaluated the validity of this device in diagnosing ear disease, and in determining whether referral to an ENT centre is warranted...
May 9, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476323/the-malnutrition-screening-tool-in-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-comparison-of-validity-when-completed-by-health-professionals-with-and-without-malnutrition-screening-training-has-implications-for-practice
#17
Skye Marshall, Adrienne Young, Elizabeth Isenring
BACKGROUND: The validity of the Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST) in geriatric rehabilitation has been evaluated in a research environment but not in professional practice. OBJECTIVE: In older adults admitted to rehabilitation, this study was undertaken to compare the MST scoring agreement (inter-rater reliability) between health professionals with and without malnutrition risk and screening training; to evaluate the concurrent validity of the MST completed by the trained and untrained health professionals compared to the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Australian Modification using different MST score cutoffs; and to determine whether patient characteristics were associated with MST scoring accuracy when completed by health professionals without malnutrition risk and screening training...
May 2, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476278/reliability-and-validity-of-the-treatment-outcome-profile-among-patients-attending-methadone-maintenance-treatment-programs-in-kunming-china
#18
Mei Wang, Jiucheng Shen, Xianling Liu, Yuan Deng, Jiahua Li, Emily Finch, Kim Wolff
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Substance misuse has been a major health and social issue worldwide and has become an important public health issue in China over the past two decades. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) has been proved worldwide by large bodies of research to be one of the most effective practices for illicit drug users. The Treatment Outcome Profile (TOP) was developed in 2007 by the UK National Treatment Agency (NTA). It has been proved to be a reliable instrument for outcome measure...
June 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461272/does-one-size-fit-all-examining-the-application-of-neurosurgery-residency-milestones-developed-in-the-usa-to-a-taiwanese-culture
#19
Ching-Yi Lee, Hung-Yi Lai, Ching-Hsin Lee, Shih-Tseng Lee
BACKGROUND: The Milestone Project was launched in 2009, charging specialties to develop specific educational accomplishments required to establish clinical competency. The milestone assessment method was first introduced to Taiwan in 2013 and prior to applying milestone assessments to our medical education system, the validity and reliability of these questionnaires needed to be evaluated. METHOD: Twenty neurosurgical faculty members representing 3 clinical divisions and all 4 branch institutes completed milestone questionnaires for 26 residents semiannually resulting in 435 resident assessments being collected and analyzed...
April 28, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460602/an-automated-quiet-sleep-detection-approach-in-preterm-infants-as-a-gateway-to-assess-brain-maturation
#20
Anneleen Dereymaeker, Kirubin Pillay, Jan Vervisch, Sabine Van Huffel, Gunnar Naulaers, Katrien Jansen, Maarten De Vos
Sleep state development in preterm neonates can provide crucial information regarding functional brain maturation and give insight into neurological well being. However, visual labeling of sleep stages from EEG requires expertise and is very time consuming, prompting the need for an automated procedure. We present a robust method for automated detection of preterm sleep from EEG, over a wide postmenstrual age ([Formula: see text] age) range, focusing first on Quiet Sleep (QS) as an initial marker for sleep assessment...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
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