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journal of sexual medicine

M Barone, A Cogliandro, N Di Stefano, V Tambone, P Persichetti
BACKGROUND: The aims of our study were to identify studies that evaluated patient satisfaction after transsexual surgery, analyze existing questionnaires, and summarize their development, psychometric properties, and content. METHODS: A systematic review of the English-language literature was performed. Patient-reported outcome measures designed to assess patient satisfaction and quality of life following transsexual surgery were identified. Qualifying instruments were assessed for content and adherence to international guidelines for development and validation...
February 15, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Giulia Lo Russo, Sara Tanini, Marco Innocenti
BACKGROUND: Chest-wall contouring surgery is one of the first steps in sexual reassignment in female-to-male (FtM) transsexuals that contributes to strengthening of the self-image and facilitates living in the new gender role. The main goal is to masculinize the chest by removing the female contour. Chest contour, scar placement, scar shape, scar length, nipple-areola position, nipple size and the areola size are the key points. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2016, 25 FtM transgender patients underwent surgical procedures to create a masculine chest-wall contour...
February 7, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Nimisha Sarah Mathew, Pradeep Singh Negi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Musa acuminata, the wild species of banana is a plant of the tropical and subtropical regions. Over the past few decades, the health benefits of M. acuminata have received much attention. All parts of the plant including fruits, peel, pseudostem, corm, flowers, leaves, sap and roots have found their use in the treatment of many diseases in traditional medicine. Literature review have indicated use of M. acuminata in the treatment of various diseases such as fever, cough, bronchitis, dysentery, allergic infections, sexually transmitted infections, and some of the non-communicable diseases...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Amanda J Mason-Jones, David Sinclair, Catherine Mathews, Ashraf Kagee, Alex Hillman, Carl Lombard
BACKGROUND: School-based sexual and reproductive health programmes are widely accepted as an approach to reducing high-risk sexual behaviour among adolescents. Many studies and systematic reviews have concentrated on measuring effects on knowledge or self-reported behaviour rather than biological outcomes, such as pregnancy or prevalence of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of school-based sexual and reproductive health programmes on sexually transmitted infections (such as HIV, herpes simplex virus, and syphilis), and pregnancy among adolescents...
November 8, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes, Sarah E Edwards
The data described in this article is related to the review article "Medicinal plants used in the traditional management of diabetes and its sequelae in Central America: a review" (Giovannini et al., 2016) [1]. We searched publications on the useful plants of Central America in databases and journals by using selected relevant keywords. We then extracted reported uses of medicinal plants within the disease categories: diabetes mellitus, kidney disease, urinary problems, skin diseases and infections, cardiovascular disease, sexual dysfunction, vision loss, and nerve damage...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Rachel Heslop, Helen Roberts, Deralie Flower, Vanessa Jordan
BACKGROUND: Genital herpes is incurable, and is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). First-episode genital herpes is the first clinical presentation of herpes that a person experiences. Current treatment is based around viral suppression in order to decrease the length and severity of the episode. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and safety of the different existing treatments for first-episode genital herpes on the duration of symptoms and time to recurrence...
August 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
S Iacob, B Hersant, M SidAhmed Mezi, J P Meningaud
INTRODUCTION: After surgery, the plastic surgeon is very often questioned about how to maintain the result and more frequently how to slow down the aging process. However, this type of knowledge is not commonly delivered during medical education or at least needs an update. This review could be used as a guide to help plastic surgeons to manage these frequent postoperative consultations. The aim of this literature review was to focus discussion on specific positive factors, identified to have a significant impact on human longevity...
August 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Gia Elise Barboza, Silvia Dominguez
The Human Papilloma Virus ("HPV") is a common sexually transmitted disease that has infected approximately 79 million men and women in the United States alone. A vaccination is available but in order to be effective it must be received prior to becoming sexually active and recipients must complete a three-dose sequence. In this article we explore the predisposing, enabling and need-based factors associated with parents' or guardians' decision to have their child initiate, continue and complete the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine...
June 2016: Data in Brief
Ben Mathews, Delphine Collin-Vézina
Child sexual abuse is a major global public health concern, affecting one in eight children and causing massive costs including depression, unwanted pregnancy, and HIV. The gravity of this global issue is reflected by the United Nations' new effort to respond to sexual abuse in the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. The fundamental policy aims are to improve prevention, identification, and optimal responses to sexual abuse. As shown in our literature review, policymakers face difficult challenges because child sexual abuse is hidden, psychologically complex, and socially sensitive...
May 12, 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
Marita P McCabe, Ira D Sharlip, Elham Atalla, Richard Balon, Alessandra D Fisher, Edward Laumann, Sun Won Lee, Ron Lewis, Robert T Segraves
INTRODUCTION: Definitions of sexual dysfunctions in women and men are critical in facilitating research and enabling clinicians to communicate accurately. AIMS: To present the new set of definitions of all forms of sexual dysfunction in women and men adopted by the Fourth International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM) held in 2015. METHODS: Classification systems, including the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, and systems that focus on only specific types of sexual dysfunctions (e...
February 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Alfred Maroyi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Ximenia caffra Sond. (Ximeniaceae), commonly known as "sour plum" is traditionally used, both topically and orally to treat a wide range of human diseases and ailments such as wounds, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), infertility, stomach ache, fever, eye problems, diarrhoea, bilharzia, menorrhagia, malaria, intestinal worms, impotence and coughs. The bark and fruits are used by small-scale farmers as ethnoveterinary medicine to treat dermatophilosis, foot rot, saddle sores and control ectoparasites...
May 26, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Robert C J Kanhai
BACKGROUND: The cosmetic and functional results of vaginoplasty by inversion of penile and scrotal skin in male-to-female transsexuals are, in general, satisfactory. The sexual arousal function of the neo-female genitalia depends mainly on the clitoris. Due to the lack of a sexual arousal organ within the neo-vagina, patients are denied sexual arousal during penetration of the neo-vagina. This necessitated improvement of sexual innervation within the neo-vagina. METHODS: A new technique to create a sexual arousal organ in the anterior wall of the neo-vagina by creation of a sensate pedicled-spot, in combination with the neo-clitoroplasty...
April 2016: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Vladimir Neychev, Vanyo Mitev
ETHNO-PHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Historically, aphrodisiacs have had a reputation for making sex more achievable and satisfying. It has been long believed that Tribulus terrestris L. (TT), an annual plant of the family Zygophyllaceae, possesses aphrodisiac properties purportedly attributed to its ability to influence levels or mimic function of sex hormones. Due to this appealing beliefs, the popularity of medicinal products from TT is expanding at a remarkable pace among consumers who are attempting to enhance their sexual health...
February 17, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Paulo Afonso Monteiro Pacheco Guimarães, Vanessa Contato Lopes Resende, Miguel Sabino Neto, Caroline Lumy Seito, Maria José Azevedo de Brito, Luiz Eduardo Felipe Abla, Daniela Francescato Veiga, Lydia Masako Ferreira
BACKGROUND: The breasts are important for a woman's psychological well-being, which may be negatively affected by distortions of breast size and shape. Improvements in self-esteem and sexuality are important psychological factors associated with motivation for cosmetic surgery. Mammaplasty is among the most sought-after and performed cosmetic procedures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of aesthetic breast surgery on a woman's sexuality. METHODS: This study was conducted in a plastic surgery clinic of a hospital university in Brazil, between 2009 and 2012...
December 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Alexandre Grangeiro, Márcia Thereza Couto, Maria Fernanda Peres, Olinda Luiz, Eliana Miura Zucchi, Euclides Ayres de Castilho, Denize Lotufo Estevam, Rosa Alencar, Karina Wolffenbüttel, Maria Mercedes Escuder, Gabriela Calazans, Dulce Ferraz, Érico Arruda, Maria da Gloria Corrêa, Fabiana Rezende Amaral, Juliane Cardoso Villela Santos, Vivian Salles Alvarez, Tiago Kietzmann
INTRODUCTION: Few results from programmes based on combination prevention methods are available. We propose to analyse the degree of protection provided by postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) for consensual sexual activity at healthcare clinics, its compensatory effects on sexual behaviour; and the effectiveness of combination prevention methods and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), compared with exclusively using traditional methods. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A total of 3200 individuals aged 16 years or older presenting for PEP at 5 sexually transmitted disease (STD)/HIV clinics in 3 regions of Brazil will be allocated to one of two groups: the PEP group-individuals who come to the clinic within 72 h after a sexual exposure and start PEP; and the non-PEP group-individuals who come after 72 h but within 30 days of exposure and do not start PEP...
2015: BMJ Open
Harold M Reed, Rafael E Yanes, Joan C Delto, Yumna Omarzai, Kailee Imperatore
INTRODUCTION: Neovaginal atresia especially following male-to-female transgender vaginoplasty is a distressing concern. A pelvic space must be re-created. Traditionally, an epithelial or mucosal lining is employed to cover the space. However, in our series of 18 patients, a non-grafted approach has been equally efficacious, as previously described by others. AIM: To follow the outcome of male-to-female transsexuals undergoing secondary depth enhancement without use of graft or flap...
October 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Thorakkal Shamim
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of information about the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology. This study aimed to find the relationship of forensic odontology with various dental specialties in the articles published in the Journal of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology from 2005 to 2012 over an 8-year period. METHODS: Bibliometric analysis was performed using web-based search during December 2013...
April 2015: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Xingjiang Xiong, Pengqian Wang, Xiaoke Li, Yuqing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Shenqi pill, a traditional Chinese herbal formula, is widely prescribed for hypertensive patients with kidney yang deficiency syndrome in China. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of Shenqi pill for the treatment of hypertension. METHODS: A systematic search of the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, PubMed, EMBASE, the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, the Chinese Scientific Journal Database, the Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and the Wanfang Database was conducted from their inception up to October 7, 2014...
June 2015: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
Daniele Gibelli, Marina Codari, Riccardo Rosati, Claudia Dolci, Gianluca Martino Tartaglia, Cristina Cattaneo, Chiarella Sforza
INTRODUCTION: The quantitative analysis of sexual dimorphism of facial structures may valuably support reconstructive and feminization surgery, thanks to the estimation of metrical thresholds useful for distinguishing male and female traits. This study aims at verifying the metrical characteristics of female and male lips, to provide indications for aesthetic surgery. METHODS: Thirty healthy Caucasian volunteers (20 men and 20 women) were divided into two groups according to age: 21-34 years and 45-65 years...
October 2015: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
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