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lithium carbonate

Shuoyu Li, Yuyi Liu, Peisheng Guo, Chengxin Wang
Transitionmetal oxides nanoparticles capsuled in amorphous carbon nanotubes (ACNTs) are attractive anode materials of lithium ion batteries (LIBs). Here we firstly designed a fast and universal method with a hydromechanics conception which is called Marangoni flow to fabricating transition bimetal oxides (TBOs) in ACNTs composite with a better electrochemistry performance. Maragoni flows can produce a liquid column with several centimeters high in a tube with one side immersion in the liquid. The key point to induce a Marangoni flow is to make a gradient of the surface tension between the surface and the inside of the solution...
August 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Gideon Steinbach, David M Hockenbery, Gerwin Huls, Terry Furlong, David Myerson, Keith R Loeb, Jesse R Fann, Christina Castilla-Llorente, George B McDonald, Paul J Martin
Severe intestinal graft-vs-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) causes mucosal ulceration and induces innate and adaptive immune responses that amplify and perpetuate GVHD and the associated barrier dysfunction. Pharmacological agents to target mucosal barrier dysfunction in GVHD are needed. We hypothesized that induction of Wnt signaling by lithium, an inhibitor of glycogen synthase kinase (GSK3), would potentiate intestinal crypt proliferation and mucosal repair and that inhibition of GSK3 in inflammatory cells would attenuate the deregulated inflammatory response to mucosal injury...
2017: PloS One
Yifan Dong, Bingliang Wang, Kangning Zhao, Yanhao Yu, Xudong Wang, Liqiang Mai, Song Jin
The development of inexpensive electrode materials with high volumetric capacity and long cycle-life is a central issue for large-scale lithium-ion batteries. Here, we report a nanostructured porous Fe2N anode fully encapsulated in carbon microboxes (Fe2N@C) prepared through a facile confined anion conversion method. The resulting carbon microboxes could not only protect the air-sensitive Fe2N from oxidation, but also retain thin and stable SEI layer. The appropriate internal voids in the Fe2N cubes help to release the volume expansion during lithiation/delithiation processes and Fe2N is kept inside the carbon microboxes without breaking the shell, resulting in a very low electrode volume expansion (the electrode thickness variation upon lithiation is ~9%)...
August 17, 2017: Nano Letters
Lubin Ni, Gangjin Zhao, Guang Yang, Guosheng Niu, Ming Chen, Guowang Diao
Lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries have currently excited worldwide academic and industrial interest as a next-generation high-power energy storage system (EES) because of their high energy density and low cost of sulfur. However, the commercialization application is being hindered by capacity decay, mainly attributed to the polysulfide shuttle and poor conductivity of sulfur. Here, we have designed a novel dual core-shell nanostructure of S@C@MnO2 nanosphere hybrid as the sulfur host. The S@C@MnO2 nanosphere is successfully prepared using mesoporous hollow carbon spheres (MHCS) as the template and then in situ MnO2 growth on the surface of MHCS...
August 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xijun Xu, Jun Liu, Zhengbo Liu, Jiadong Shen, Renzong Hu, Jiangwen Liu, Liuzhang Ouyang, Lei Zhang, Min Zhu
To solve the serious problems (the agglomeration of nano-Fe0, dissolution of polysulfide and low electronic conductivity of Li2S) of earth-abundant pyrite (FeS2) cathode for lithium batteries, a simple in-situ encapsulation and transformation route has been successfully developed to synthesis pitaya-structured porous carbon embedded with FeS2 nanoparticles. Due to such hierarchical architecture design, this cathode of pitaya-structured FeS2@C can effectively avoid the serious agglomeration and coarsening of small Fe nanoparticles, reduce the dissolution of polysulfide and provide superior kinetics toward lithium storage, resulting in enhanced reversibility and rate capability...
August 16, 2017: ACS Nano
Giorgia Casoni, Murat Kucukdisli, James M Fordham, Matthew Burns, Eddie L Myers, Varinder K Aggarwal
The stereoselective reagent-controlled homologation of boronic esters is one of a small number of iteratable synthetic transformations that if automated could form the basis of a veritable molecule-making machine. Recently, α-stannyl triisopropylbenzoates and α-sulfinyl chlorides have emerged as useful building blocks for the iterative homologation of boronic esters. However, α-stannyl benzoates need to be prepared using stoichiometric amounts of the (+)- or (-)-enantiomer of the scarcely available and expensive diamine sparteine; also, these building blocks, together with the byproducts that are generated during homologation, are perceived as being toxic...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Yueying Peng, Yiyong Zhang, Yunhui Wang, Xiu Shen, Feng Wang, He Li, Bing-Joe Hwang, Jinbao Zhao
Lithium sulfur battery is considered as a prospective candidate for high-energy-storage system as its high theoretical specific capacity and energy. However, the dissolution and shutter of polysulfides lead to low active material utilization and fast capacity fading. Electrospinning technology is employed to directly coat an interlayer composed of polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and nitrogen-doped carbon black (NC) fibers on the cathode. Benefited from electrospinning technology, the PAN-NC fibers possess good electrolyte infiltration for fast lithium-ion transport and great flexibility for adhering on the cathode...
August 16, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sara Drvarič Talian, Joze Moskon, Robert Dominko, Miran Gaberscek
Polysulfides are central compounds in lithium-sulfur battery cells. However, the fundamental redox and diffusion properties of polysulfides are still poorly understood. We try to fill this gap by performing accurate impedance spectroscopy investigation using symmetrical cells consisting from two planar glassy carbon electrodes separated with catholyte-soaked separator. The catholyte contains a mixture of selected polysulfides with predetermined nominal concentrations. Impedance measurements reveal textbook shapes of spectra for most polysulfide compounds or their mixtures...
August 15, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Can Wu, Yuhang Zhang, Duo Dong, Haiming Xie, Jinghong Li
To promote the practical application of electrochemical energy storage and conversion systems, nonprecious electrocatalysts of low cost and with highly efficient performance in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) are highly desired. In this work, a cubic sodium chloride (NaCl) crystal-templated strategy is proposed for coupling Co9S8 nanoparticles to nitrogen- and sulfur-doped carbon nanosheets (Co9S8/N,S-CNS) by facile pyrolysis. The nitrogen and sulfur dual-doped carbon nanosheets can effectively prevent the aggregation of Co9S8 nanoparticles and greatly improve the conductivity of the hybrid structure...
August 15, 2017: Nanoscale
Peng Zhang, Furong Qin, Lei Zou, Mengran Wang, Kai Zhang, Yanqing Lai, Jie Li
Sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) show great potential as alternative energy storage devices for next generation energy storage systems due to the deficiency of lithium resources. MoS2 is a promising anode material for SIBs due to its high theoretical sodium storage capability and large interspace for accommodating sodium ions with a larger ionic radius than lithium ions. However, bulk MoS2 exhibits a sluggish kinetics for the intercalation-deintercalation of sodium ions and large volume expansion, which result in poor cyclability and rate performance...
August 14, 2017: Nanoscale
Min Li, Haoran Du, Long Kuai, Kuangfu Huang, Yuanyuan Xia, Baoyou Geng
Carbon-based transition metal oxides are considered as an appropriate anode material candidate for lithium ion batteries. Herein, a simple and scalable dry-production method is developed to produce carbon-encapsulated 3D net-like FeOx/C material. The process simply associates with pyrolysis of solid carbon source of filter paper with adsorbed ferrite nitrate. The carbon derived from filter paper induces a carbothermal reduction to form metallic Fe, the adding carbon and metal Fe increase the conductivity of this material...
August 14, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Chunhua Han, Baoxuan Zhang, Kangning Zhao, Jiashen Meng, Qiu He, Pan He, Wei Yang, Qi Li, Liqiang Mai
SnO2 nanotubes are synthesized via an oxalate-assisted "redox etching and precipitating" route between MnOOH nanowires and Sn(2+) ions. The addition of oxalate is found to be crucial to guide the formation of uniform SnO2 nanotubes. To further improve the conductivity and stability, the as-obtained SnO2 nanotubes are coated with a thin carbon layer. The resulting carbon-confined SnO2 nanotubes possess superior rate performance as an anode material for lithium-ion batteries.
August 14, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Qingqing Zhang, Kai Liu, Fei Ding, Wei Li, Xingjiang Liu, Jinli Zhang
Different contents of fluoroethylene carbonate (FEC) as co-solvent is added into succinonitrile (SN) solution to form a novel electrolyte for lithium batteries. The SN-based electrolyte with 20 wt% FEC exhibits the most favorable properties involving the good thermal stability, wide electrochemical window and high ionic conductivity. Comparing with the commercial electrolyte, the 20% FEC-SN electrolyte demonstrates the advantage of high safety and excellent interfacial compatibility with lithium due to the form of compact and smooth solid electrolyte interphase layer on the anode...
August 14, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Yunchao Li, Yongqiang Cheng, Luke L Daemen, Gabriel M Veith, Alan M Levine, Richard J Lee, Shannon M Mahurin, Sheng Dai, Amit K Naskar, Mariappan Parans Paranthaman
Sulfonated tire-derived carbons have been demonstrated to be high value-added carbon products of tire recycling in several energy storage system applications including lithium, sodium, potassium ion batteries and supercapacitors. In this communication, we compared different temperature pyrolyzed sulfonated tire-derived carbons with commercial graphite and unmodified/non-functionalized tire-derived carbon by studying the surface chemistry and properties, vibrational spectroscopy of the molecular structure, chemical bonding such as C-H bonding, and intermolecular interactions of the carbon materials...
August 11, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Hua Zhang, Juntan Yang, Haoqing Hou, Shuiliang Chen, Haimin Yao
In this paper, a novel nitrogen-doped carbon paper (NCP) with both highly dense three-dimensional cellular structure and excellent bending flexibility is fabricated by pyrolyzing a melamine foam under compression. When serving as a free-standing anode for lithium-ion batteries, the NCP electrode delivers a reversible capacity up to 329.8 mA h g(-1) after 200 cycles at 0.5 A g(-1) (1.34 C) and 126.5 mA h g(-1) after 500 cycles at 8.0 A g(-1) (21.5 C). Such electrochemical performance is much higher than those of the counterparts prepared by pyrolysis without compression and can be mainly attributed to (a) the 3D highly dense interconnected carbon network with numerous junctions which can facilitate the efficient electron transfer and provide short transportation paths for lithium ions; and (b) the excellent mechanical flexibility and self-standing capability which exempt the use of binder, conductive additive and current collector...
August 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yohei Komaru, Ryota Inokuchi, Yoshihiro Ueda, Masaomi Nangaku, Kent Doi
A 35-year-old woman intentionally took 40,000 mg of lithium carbonate, and she was transferred to our hospital with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. She was diagnosed as having bipolar disorder 10 years ago and was receiving oral lithium therapy. Blood test results on arrival were remarkable for a negative anion gap of -2.1 and later, the serum lithium level turned out to be as high as 15.4 mEq/L. Intubation was required because of disrupted consciousness, and continuous hemodiafiltration (CHDF) was immediately started in the intensive care unit to obtain constant removal of lithium...
August 10, 2017: Hemodialysis International
Man Gao, Kaixiang Zou, Yuanfu Deng, Zhenxia Zhao, Yingwei Li, Guohua Chen
A nanocomposite of ultra-fine anatase nanoparticles (< 5 nm) embedded N-doped carbon (TiO2-NPs/NC) with a relatively low specific surface area was successfully synthesized by in-situ pyrolysis of a new and cheap single source precursor of (H2en)3[Ti4(O2)4(Hcit)2(cit)2]∙12H2O (en = ethylenediamine and H4cit = citric acid) under 550 oC and inert atmosphere. The precursor in crystalline state was isolated from an aqueous solution containing of titanium butoxide, citric acid, hydrogen peroxide and ethylenediamine and was characterized...
August 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Mao-Xiang Jing, Jing-Quan Li, Chong Han, Shan-Shan Yao, Ji Zhang, Hong-Ai Zhai, Li-Li Chen, Xiang-Qian Shen, Ke-Song Xiao
Improving the specific capacity and electronic conductivity of TiO2 can boost its practical application as a promising anode material for lithium ion batteries. In this work, a three-dimensional networking oxygen-deficient nano TiO2-x/carbon fibre membrane was achieved by combining the electrospinning process with a hot-press sintering method and directly used as a self-standing anode. With the synergistic effects of three-dimensional conductive networks, surface oxygen deficiency, high specific surface area and high porosity, binder-free and self-standing structure, etc...
July 2017: Royal Society Open Science
João Coelho, Anuj Pokle, Sang-Hoon Park, Niall McEvoy, Nina C Berner, Georg S Duesberg, Valeria Nicolosi
In this work, lithium titanate nanoparticles (nLTO)/single wall carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) composite electrodes are prepared by the combination of an ultrasound irradiation and ultrasonic spray deposition methods. It was found that a mass fraction of 15% carbon nanotubes optimizes the electrochemical performance of nLTO electrodes. These present capacities as high as 173, 130, 110 and 70 mAh.g(-1) at 0.1C, 1C, 10C and 100C, respectively. Moreover, after 1000 cycles at 1C, the nLTO/SWCNT composites present a capacity loss of just 9% and a Coulombic efficiency of 99...
August 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
Yuzi Zhang, Yue Pan, Yingnan Dong, Brett L Lucht, Arijit Bose
Tin (Sn) is a useful anode material for lithium ion batteries (LIBs) because of its high theoretical capacity. We fabricated oil-in-water emulsion-templated tin nanoparticle/carbon black (SnNP/CB) anodes with octane, hexadecane, 1-chlorohexadecane and 1-bromohexadecane as the oil phases. Emulsion creaming, the oil vapor pressure and the emulsion droplet size distribution all affect drying and thus the morphology of the dried emulsion. This morphology has a direct impact on the electrochemical performance of the anode...
August 7, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
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