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Vahid Mirshafiee, Bingbing Sun, Chong Hyun Chang, Yu-Pei Liao, Wen Jiang, Jinhong Jiang, Xiangsheng Liu, Xiang Wang, Tian Xia, Andre E Nel
The liver and the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) is a frequent target for engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), either as a result of particle uptake and spread from primary exposure sites or systemic administration of therapeutic and imaging nanoparticles. In this study, we performed a comparative analysis of the toxicological impact of 29 metal oxide (MOx) nanoparticles (NPs), some commonly used in consumer products, in transformed or primary Kupffer cells (KCs) and hepatocytes. Not only did we observe differences between KC and hepatocytes, but also differences in the toxicological profiles of transition metal oxides (TMOs, e...
March 15, 2018: ACS Nano
Collin D Edington, Wen Li Kelly Chen, Emily Geishecker, Timothy Kassis, Luis R Soenksen, Brij M Bhushan, Duncan Freake, Jared Kirschner, Christian Maass, Nikolaos Tsamandouras, Jorge Valdez, Christi D Cook, Tom Parent, Stephen Snyder, Jiajie Yu, Emily Suter, Michael Shockley, Jason Velazquez, Jeremy J Velazquez, Linda Stockdale, Julia P Papps, Iris Lee, Nicholas Vann, Mario Gamboa, Matthew E LaBarge, Zhe Zhong, Xin Wang, Laurie A Boyer, Douglas A Lauffenburger, Rebecca L Carrier, Catherine Communal, Steven R Tannenbaum, Cynthia L Stokes, David J Hughes, Gaurav Rohatgi, David L Trumper, Murat Cirit, Linda G Griffith
Microphysiological systems (MPSs) are in vitro models that capture facets of in vivo organ function through use of specialized culture microenvironments, including 3D matrices and microperfusion. Here, we report an approach to co-culture multiple different MPSs linked together physiologically on re-useable, open-system microfluidic platforms that are compatible with the quantitative study of a range of compounds, including lipophilic drugs. We describe three different platform designs - "4-way", "7-way", and "10-way" - each accommodating a mixing chamber and up to 4, 7, or 10 MPSs...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hari R Desu, Laura A Thoma, George C Wood
PURPOSE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a fatal syndrome in critically ill patients. It is characterized by lung edema and inflammation. Numerous pro-inflammatory mediators are released into alveoli. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) causes an increase in solute permeability across the alveolar-capillary barrier leading to edema. It activates key effector cells (alveolar epithelial and endothelial cells) releasing inflammatory chemokines and cytokines. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate that nebulized liposomes inhibit ALI in vivo...
March 13, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Jiannan Ding, Shanshan Zhang, Roger Mamitiana Razanajatovo, Hua Zou, Wenbin Zhu
While the presence of microplastics (MPs) in marine environments has been detected worldwide, the importance of MPs pollution in freshwater environments has also been emphasized in recent years. However, the body of knowledge regarding the biological effects of MPs on freshwater organisms is still much more limited than on marine organisms. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the accumulation and tissue distribution of MPs in the freshwater fish red tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), as well as the biochemical effects of MPs on O...
March 9, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Tatiane Garcia Stancker, Stella Souza Vieira, Andrey Jorge Serra, Rafael do Nascimento Lima, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, José Antônio Silva, Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maíra Cecília Brandão Simões, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
This study aimed to determine whether photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) could improve the bioavailability and chondroprotective benefits of mesenchymal stem cells injected into the knees of rats used as an experimental model of osteoarthritis (OA) as well as reduce the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and degradation of type II collagen (COL2-1) in the cartilage. Adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ADSCs) were collected from three male Fischer 344 rats and characterized by flow cytometry. Fifty female Fischer 344 rats were distributed into five groups of 10 animals each...
March 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Ji Hoon Kang, Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim, Han Deok Kwak, Jae Kyun Ju, Young Jin Kim
Purpose: The feasibility of reduced-port laparoscopic surgery (RPS) in colon cancer remains uncertain. This study aimed to compare the short-term outcomes of RPS and multiport surgery (MPS) in colon cancer using propensity score matching analysis. Methods: A total of 302 patients with colon cancer who underwent laparoscopic anterior resection (AR) (n = 184) or right hemicolectomy (RHC) (n = 118) by a single surgeon between January 2011 and January 2017 were included...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Li Cong, Shuting Yang, Yong Zhang, Jianguo Cao, Xiaohua Fu
7‑difluoromethoxy‑5,4'‑dimethoxy‑genistein (DFMG) is a novel active chemical entity, which modulates the function and signal transduction of endothelial cells and macrophages (MPs), and is essential in the prevention of atherosclerosis. In the present study, the activity and molecular mechanism of DFMG on MPs was investigated using a Transwell assay to construct a non‑contact co‑culture model. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE‑12), which were incubated with lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), were seeded in the upper chambers, whereas PMA‑induced MPs were grown in the lower chambers...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Thomas Melchardt, Teresa Magnes, Clemens Hufnagl, Aaron R Thorner, Matthew Ducar, Daniel Neureiter, Wolfgang Tränkenschuh, Eckhard Klieser, Alexander Gaggl, Sebastian Rösch, Gerd Rasp, Tanja N Hartmann, Lisa Pleyer, Gabriel Rinnerthaler, Lukas Weiss, Richard Greil, Alexander Egle
BACKGROUND: Tumour heterogeneity and clonal evolution within a cancer patient are deemed responsible for relapse in malignancies and present challenges to the principles of targeted therapy, for which treatment modality is often decided based on the molecular pathology of the primary tumour. Nevertheless, the clonal architecture in distant relapse of head and neck cancer is fairly unknown. PATIENTS AND METHODS: For this project, we analysed a cohort of 386 patients within the Austrian Registry of head and neck cancer...
February 22, 2018: European Journal of Cancer
Ana Maria Wintergerst, Filiberto Hernández-Sánchez
Objective To develop reference data for young men/women on the variability of parameters used for the evaluation of masticatory function with an artificial test food. Methods Subjects included were 200 18-25-year olds with complete dentition and "normal" occlusion. An artificial test food was chewed in two tests (20 cycles and swallowing threshold), during which sequences/cycles were counted and timed. Medium-particle-size (MPS) and broadness of particle distribution were calculated evaluating the chewed material...
February 22, 2018: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Silvana Gjoseva, Nikola Geskovski, Simona Dimchevska Sazdovska, Riste Popeski-Dimovski, Gjorgji Petruševski, Kristina Mladenovska, Katerina Goracinova
The aim of this study was to develop chitosan (CS) microparticulated mucoadhesive drug delivery system (DDS) with improved therapeutic performance and biological responce. Ionotropic gelation/spray drying process was used for preparation of doxycycline hyclate (DOXY) loaded low and medium molecular weight (LMw and MMw) CS/sodium tripolyphosphate microparticles (CS/TPP MPs), further coated with ethyl cellulose (EC) using coacervation/solvent displacement technique. The relevant physico-chemical and biopharmaceutical properties were optimized using experimental design approach...
April 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Sung-Min Kwon, Bong Ki Min, Jun Sik Son, Tae-Yub Kwon
Self-assembled monolayers of thiols have been used to link a range of materials to planar gold surfaces or gold nanoparticles in nanoscience and nanotechnology. Novel mercapto silane systems are a promising alternative to dental noble metal alloys for enhanced resin bonding durability Goldbased alloys for full-cast restorations contain various base metal elements, which may bond to acidic functional monomers chemically, in addition to noble metal elements. This study examined how the additional incorporation of a phosphate monomer (di-2-hydroxyethyl methacryl hydrogenphosphate, DHP) into novel mercapto silane primer systems affected the resin bond strength to a type IV gold alloy pretreated with the primers...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Jonathan Soldera, Fábio Camazzola, Santiago Rodríguez, Ajacio Brandão
The impact of coronary artery disease on the clinical course of patients enrolled for liver transplantation (LT) has changed over the years as these patients become older and sicker. The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the value of dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE), myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS), and invasive coronary angiography (ICA) in predicting cardiac events post-LT in cirrhotic patients. A literature search was conducted using Scopus, Web of Science, EMBASE, MEDLINE (via PubMed), BIREME (regional medical library of the Pan American Health Organization), LILACS (Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature), Cochrane Library for Systematic Reviews, and OpenGrey Repository (www...
February 12, 2018: Clinical Transplantation
Mi Sun Kim, Dong Hee Choi, Hwang Kwon, Eunhee Ahn, Hee Young Cho, Min Jung Baek, Ji Eun Shin, Myoung Jin Moon
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have compared embryo reduction (ER) and fetal reduction (FR) for multifetal pregnancy reduction (MPR). This study investigated the procedure-related adverse events and the obstetrical outcomes in women with multifetal pregnancies (MPs) in whom MPRs to twins or a single fetus were performed at different gestational ages. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data from MPs on which transvaginal ER (n = 181) at a mean gestational age of 7...
February 8, 2018: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Xue Liu, Zengyao Wang, Chengji Zhao, Wenhuan Bu, Hui Na
A series of fluorinated dental resin composites were prepared with two kinds of SiO2 particles. Bis-GMA (bisphenol A-glycerolate dimethacrylate)/4-TF-PQEA (fluorinated acrylate monomer)/TEGDMA (triethylene glycol dimethacrylate) (40/30/30, wt/wt/wt) was introduced as resin matrix. SiO2 nanopartices (30nm) and SiO2 microparticles (0.3µm) were silanized with 3-methacryloxypropyl trimethoxysilane (γ-MPS) and used as fillers. After mixing the resin matrix with 0%, 10%, 20%, 30% SiO2 nanopartices and 0%, 10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, 50% SiO2 microparticles, respectively, the fluorinated resin composites were obtained...
January 10, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Qian-Qian Ouyang, Zhang Hu, Zhen-Peng Lin, Yi-Feng Deng, Wei-Yan Quan, Si-Dong Li, Peng-Zhi Hong, Pu-Wang Li, Cheng-Peng Li, Yu Chen, Ting-Ting Yan, Qing-Kun Zhong
The purpose of this study was to develop a promising burns dressing. Chiosan (CS) has been widely used as biomaterials, in combination with marine peptides (MPs) extracted from seawater cultured Tilapia, the newly developed material in this study (coded as CSMP) showed antibacterial activity, pro-cell proliferation and migration, well burning healing. Pathological examinations by HE staining demonstrated that CSMP had pronounced wound healing efficiencies. In burn wounds treated with CSMP, reepithelialization and collagen fiber deposition were observed on day 7, the epithelium was completely regenerated by day 14, and the wounds were completely healed by day 21...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jiancong Liu, Yang Yu, Suiyi Zhu, Jiakuan Yang, Jian Song, Wei Fan, Hongbin Yu, Dejun Bian, Mingxin Huo
With increasing awareness of reduction of energy and CO2 footprint, more waste is considered recyclable for generating value-added products. Here we reported the negatively-valued iron mud, a waste from groundwater treatment plant, was successfully converted into magnetic adsorbent. Comparing with the conventional calcination method under the high temperature and pressure, the synthesis of the magnetic particles (MPs) by Fe2+/Fe3+ coprecipitation was conducted at environment-friendly condition using ascorbic acid (H2A) as reduction reagent and nitric acid (or acid wastewater) as leaching solution...
2018: PloS One
Rong-Rong Zhao, Matthew Ackers-Johnson, Justus Stenzig, Chen Chen, Tao Ding, Yue Zhou, Peipei Wang, Shi Ling Ng, Peter Y Li, Gavin Teo, Pauline M Rudd, James W Fawcett, Roger S Y Foo
Background -Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity, and the search for novel therapeutic approaches continues. In the monogenic disease mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) VI, loss of function mutations in arylsulfatase B (ASB) leads to myocardial accumulation of chondroitin sulfate (CS) glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), manifesting as a myriad of cardiac symptoms. Here, we studied changes in myocardial CS in non-MPS failing hearts, and assessed its generic role in pathological cardiac remodeling...
January 25, 2018: Circulation
Pablo S Corona, Matias Vicente, Mireia Lalanza, Carles Amat, Luis Carrera
BACKGROUND: Bone loss is a common problem in periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) scenarios. Modular megaprosthesis (MP) could offer a limb salvage solution in such situations. Concerns about risk of infection relapse, reinfection and implant longevity exist regarding MP use in cases of chronic PJI, rather than standard implants. We therefore sought to analyze our results with MP use in chronic PJI cases. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 29 MP patients...
January 24, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jeffrey R Budd, Cas Weykamp, Robert Rej, Finlay MacKenzie, Ferruccio Ceriotti, Neil Greenberg, Johanna E Camara, Heinz Schimmel, Hubert W Vesper, Thomas Keller, Vincent Delatour, Mauro Panteghini, Chris Burns, W Greg Miller
A process is described to assess the commutability of a reference material (RM) intended for use as a calibrator based on its ability to fulfill its intended use in a calibration traceability scheme to produce equivalent clinical sample (CS) results among different measurement procedures (MPs) for the same measurand. Three sources of systematic error are elucidated in the context of creating the calibration model for translating MP signals to measurand amounts: calibration fit, calibrator level trueness, and commutability...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Ryuichi Mashima, Mari Ohira, Torayuki Okuyama, Akiya Tatsumi
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) is a genetic disorder characterized by the accumulation of glycosaminoglycans in the body. Of the multiple MPS disease subtypes, several are caused by defects in sulfatases. Specifically, a defect in iduronate-2-sulfatase (ID2S) leads to MPS II, whereas N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfatase (GALN) and N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase (ARSB) defects relate to MPS IVA and MPS VI, respectively. A previous study reported a combined assay for these three disorders in a 96-well plate using a liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)-based technique (Kumar et al...
March 2018: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
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