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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138642/observation-of-blood-donor-recipient-malaria-parasitaemia-patterns-in-a-malaria-endemic-region
#1
Jamilu Abdullahi Faruk, Gboye Olufemi Ogunrinde, Aisha Indo Mamman
Background: Asymptomatic malaria parasitaemia has been documented in donor blood in West Africa. However, donated blood is not routinely screened for malaria parasites (MPs). The present study therefore aimed to document the frequency of blood transfusion-induced donor-recipient malaria parasitaemia patterns, in children receiving blood transfusion in a tertiary health-centre. Methodology: A cross-sectional, observational study involving 140 children receiving blood transfusion was carried out...
2017: Journal of Tropical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136892/green-synthesis-of-monolithic-column-incorporated-with-graphene-oxide-using-room-temperature-ionic-liquid-and-eutectic-solvents-for-capillary-electrochromatography
#2
Xin-Xin Li, Li-Shun Zhang, Chao Wang, Yan-Ping Huang, Zhao-Sheng Liu
In this work, a hybrid monolith incorporated with graphene oxide (GO) was prepared in the first time with binary green porogens of deep eutectic solvents (DESs) and room temperature ionic liquids (RTILs). GO was modified with 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propylmethacrylate (γ-MPS), and the resultant GO-MPS can be incorporated into poly (methacrylic acid-co-butylmethacrylate-co-ethylene glycol dimethacrylate) monoliths covalently. A hybrid monolithic column with high permeability and homogeneity can be achieved due to good dispersion of GO-MPS in the green solvents...
February 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126485/a-highly-sensitive-fluorescent-turn-on-biosensor-for-glycoproteins-based-on-boronic-acid-functional-polymer-capped-mn-doped-zns-quantum-dots
#3
Lifang Chang, Haocheng Wu, Xiwen He, Langxing Chen, Yukui Zhang
A simple fluorescence turn-on sensor has been designed for the highly sensitive detection of glycoproteins on the basis of boronic acid functional polymer capped Mn-doped ZnS quantum dots (QDs@MPS@AAPBA). In the absence of glycoproteins, the fluorescence emission intensity of the QDs@MPS@AAPBA was relatively weaker due to the effective electronic transfer from the QDs to the boron moieties on its surface. While the glycoproteins were introduced into the system, an obvious fluorescence enhancement was observed...
December 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125954/going-deeper-into-phosphorus-adsorbents-for-lake-restoration-combined-effects-of-magnetic-particles-intraspecific-competition-and-habitat-heterogeneity-pressure-on-daphnia-magna
#4
Ana Del Arco, Gema Parra, Inmaculada de Vicente
Aquatic population responses to chemical exposure may be exacerbated by intraspecific competition pressures, being also shaped by habitat heterogeneity. Magnetic particles (MPs) have been recently proposed as promising phosphorus (P) adsorbents for lake restoration. This study focuses on assessing the effects of MPs on the abundance of the crustacean Daphnia magna under different levels of both intraspecific competition pressure and habitat heterogeneity. The experimental design consisted of two experiments (in homogeneous and heterogeneous habitats) done in glass jars with four concentrations of MPs: controls of 0g MPsL(-1), and treatments of 1, 1...
November 7, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125465/decoding-kinematics-using-task-independent-movement-phase-specific-encoding-models
#5
Stefan L Sumsky, Marc H Schieber, Nitish V Thakor, Sridevi V Sarma, Sabato Santaniello
Neural decoders of kinematic variables have largely relied on task-dependent (TD) encoding models of the neural activity. TD decoders, though, require prior knowledge of the tasks, which may be unavailable, lack scalability as the number of tasks grows, and require a large number of trials per task to reduce the effects of neuronal variability. The execution of movements involves a sequence of phases (e.g., idle, planning, and so on) whose progression contributes to the neuronal variability. We hypothesize that information about the movement phase facilitates the decoding of kinematics and compensates for the lack of prior knowledge about the task...
November 2017: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122965/the-impact-of-dairy-protein-during-limb-immobilization-and-recovery-on-muscle-size-and-protein-synthesis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Cameron J Mitchell, Randall F D'Souza, Sarah M Mitchell, Vandre Casagrande Figueiredo, Benjamin F Miller, Karyn L Hamilton, Frederick F Peelor, Marcelli Coronet, Chantal A Pileggi, Brenan Durainayagam, Aaron C Fanning, Sally D Poppitt, David Cameron-Smith
Muscle disuse results in the loss of muscular strength and size, due to an imbalance between protein synthesis (MPS) and breakdown (MPB). Protein ingestion stimulates MPS, although it is not established if protein is able to attenuate muscle loss with immobilization (IM) or influence the recovery consisting of ambulatory movement followed by resistance training (RT). Thirty men (49.9±0.6 years) underwent 14 days of unilateral leg IM, 14 days of ambulatory recovery (AR) and a further 6 RT sessions over 14 days...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110472/enzymatic-purification-of-microplastics-in-environmental-samples
#7
Martin G J Löder, Hannes Klaus Imhof, Maike Ladehoff, Lena A Löschel, Claudia Lorenz, Svenja Mintenig, Sarah Piehl, Sebastian Primpke, Isabella Schrank, Christian Laforsch, Gunnar Gerdts
Micro-Fourier transform infrared (micro-FTIR) spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy enable the reliable identification and quantification of microplastics (MPs) in the lower micron range. Since concentrations of MPs in the environment are usually low, the large sample volumes required for these techniques lead to an excess of co-enriched organic or inorganic materials. While inorganic materials can be separated from MPs using density separation, the organic fraction impedes the ability to conduct reliable analyses...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102761/a-rapid-scoring-tool-to-assess-mutation-probability-in-patients-with-inherited-cardiac-disorders
#8
Dominica Zentner, Tina Thompson, Jessica Taylor, Michael Bogwitz, Alison Trainer, Jitendra Vohra, Ingrid Winship, Paul A James
AIMS: To explore clinical features and relationship with positive mutation ascertainment in inherited heart diseases in order to develop a clinical tool to assist identification of individuals in whom to offer genetic testing. A clinical tool that increases pre test probability of mutation detection would have the benefits of improving patient counselling, prioritising cases for MPS and allowing equity in decision making. METHODS AND RESULTS: Consecutive MPS mutation detection testing cases were identified (September 2014 - December 2015, n = 126)...
November 1, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100283/circulating-microparticles-are-prognostic-biomarkers-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-patients
#9
Chin-Chou Wang, Chia-Cheng Tseng, Huang-Chih Chang, Kuo-Tung Huang, Wen-Feng Fang, Yu-Mu Chen, Cheng-Ta Yang, Chang-Chun Hsiao, Meng-Chih Lin, Chi-Kung Ho, Hon-Kan Yip
We investigated whether circulating microparticles (MPs) could serve as prognostic biomarkers in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. We enrolled 25 control subjects and 136 NSCLC patients categorized into disease-progression (DP, n=42) and disease-control (DC, n=94) groups. Flow cytometric analysis showed that levels of four types of circulating microparticles (EDAc-MPs, EDAp-MPs, PDAc-MPs and PDAp-MPs) were higher in the study patients than the control subjects (P < 0.04). DP patients showed poor initially performance status and more non-adenocarcinomas than DC patients...
September 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099523/a-potential-strategy-for-counteracting-age-related-sarcopenia-preliminary-evidence-of-combined-exercise-training-and-leucine-supplementation
#10
Z Xia, J M Cholewa, Y Zhao, Y Yang, H Shang, H Jiang, Q Su, N E Zanchi
Previous research has demonstrated the positive effects of concurrent/combined aerobic and resistance exercise or leucine supplementation on skeletal muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and hypertrophy in aging organisms. However, the effects of a multimodal intervention which combines both aerobic and resistance exercise and leucine supplementation has not been fully elucidated. Eighteen month old and 2 month old C57BL/6 mice were assigned to aging control (AC, n = 8), aging and multimodal intervention (AMI, n = 8) and young control (YC, n = 8)...
November 3, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097038/impact-of-the-calcium-form-of-%C3%AE-hydroxy-%C3%AE-methylbutyrate-upon-human-skeletal-muscle-protein-metabolism
#11
D J Wilkinson, T Hossain, M C Limb, B E Phillips, J Lund, J P Williams, M S Brook, J Cegielski, A Philp, S Ashcroft, J A Rathmacher, N J Szewczyk, K Smith, P J Atherton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) is purported as a key nutritional supplement for the preservation of muscle mass in health, disease and as an ergogenic aid in exercise. Of the two available forms of HMB (calcium (Ca-HMB) salt or free acid (FA-HMB)) - differences in plasma bioavailability have been reported. We previously reported that ∼3 g oral FA-HMB increased muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and reduced muscle protein breakdown (MPB). The objective of the present study was to quantify muscle protein metabolism responses to oral Ca-HMB...
October 6, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095118/screening-and-quantification-of-18-glucocorticoid-adulterants-from-herbal-pharmaceuticals-and-health-foods-by-hplc-and-confirmed-by-lc-q-tof-ms-ms
#12
Pengfei Jin, Xiaoli Liang, Xuejun Wu, Xiaorong He, Yongmei Kuang, Xin Hu
A procedure for the screening and quantification of 18 glucocorticoids, i.e. hydrocortisone sodium succinate (HSS), prednisolone (PDL), prednisone (PDS), hydrocortisone (HCS), methylprednisolone (MPS), betamethasone (BTM), dexamethasone (DXM), triamcinolone acetonide (TA), prednisolone acetate (PLA), hydrocortisone acetate (HA), fludrocortisone acetate (FA), prednisone acetate (PA), cortisone acetate (CA), dexamethasone acetate (DA), hydrocortisone butyrate (HB), triamcinolone acetonide acetate (TAA), fluocinonide (FN) and halcinonide (HC) from herbal pharmaceuticals and health foods was established and fully validated...
November 14, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090502/endoscopic-treatment-of-anastomotic-biliary-stricture-after-adult-deceased-donor-liver-transplantation-with-multiple-plastic-stents-versus-self-expandable-metal-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Filippo Landi, Nicola de'Angelis, Ailton Sepulveda, Aleix Martínez-Pérez, Iradj Sobhani, Alexis Laurent, Olivier Soubrane
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) occur in up to 15% of patients after liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy and safety of self-expandable metal stents (SEMS) versus multiple plastic stents (MPS). METHODS: Databases were searched through April 2017. The outcome measures were technical success, stricture resolution, recurrence and complications. We synthesized the findings descriptively and performed a meta-analysis...
November 1, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074726/outcomes-following-polypectomy-for-malignant-colorectal-polyps-are-similar-to-those-following-surgery-in-the-general-population
#14
Anthony Lopez, Anne-Marie Bouvier, Valérie Jooste, Vanessa Cottet, Gaëlle Romain, Jean Faivre, Sylvain Manfredi, Come Lepage
OBJECTIVE: Population-based studies on colorectal malignant polyps (MPs) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe time trends in the incidence of colorectal MPs before and after the introduction of a colorectal mass-screening programmein 2003 and to assess outcomes (survival and recurrence) after endoscopic or surgical resection in patients with MPs. DESIGN: We included 411 patients with MPs diagnosed between 1982 and 2011 in a well-defined population. Age-standardised incidence rates were calculated...
October 26, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066042/hydrogen-peroxide-and-silicone-hydrogel-contact-lenses-worsening-of-external-eye-condition-and-tear-film-instability
#15
A Moro, M Fagnola, S Picarazzi, A Di Dio, V Pastori, M Lecchi, S Tavazzi
PURPOSE: The aim is discussing the origins of worsening of external eye condition (EEC) and of tear film (TF) instability after wear of silicone-hydrogel contact lenses (CLs) with hydrogen-peroxide (H2O2) care system. METHODS: EEC and TF stability were evaluated before and after 15days of wear combined with different care systems: (1) H2O2, (2) detergent solution and H2O2, (3) multipurpose solution (MPS), (4) H2O2 and artificial tears. In-vitro cell mortality tests were performed after 24h cell incubation with CLs treated with H2O2...
October 20, 2017: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039531/prognostic-implications-and-procoagulant-activity-of-phosphatidylserine-exposure-of-blood-cells-and-microparticles-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-treated-with-pulmonary-vein-isolation
#16
Huan Meng, Junjie Kou, Ruishuang Ma, Wenbo Ding, Yan Kou, Muhua Cao, Zengxiang Dong, Yayan Bi, Hemant S Thatte, Jialan Shi
The present study aimed to evaluate the procoagulant effects of phosphatidylserine (PS) exposure on blood cells and microparticles (MPs), and examine its role in predicting early recurrence atrial fibrillation (ERAF) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). Blood samples were obtained from 40 healthy controls and 56 patients with AF at baseline (prior to PVI), and 0, 1 h, 1 day, 3 days and 7 days following PVI. The exposure of PS (PS+) to blood cells (platelets, erythrocytes and leukocytes) and MPs was detected using flow cytometry...
December 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032163/massively-parallel-sequencing-on-human-cleavage-stage-embryos-to-detect-chromosomal-abnormality
#17
Zhi Zhou, Yanlin Ma, Qi Li, Yu Zhang, Yuanhua Huang, Zhihua Tu, Ning Ma, Minghong Li, Jun Wang, Jian Li, Weiying Lu
PURPOSE: Next-generation sequencing technology like MPS has recently been introduced to perform comprehensive chromosome screening on human trophectoderm samples for preimplantation embryo assessment. However, the potential of MPS in chromosome analysis of single cell from blastomeres has not yet been investigated. METHODS: In this study, 12 couples underwent MPS analysis, including 9 balanced translocation carriers and 3 carriers of numerical chromosomal abnormalities...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018481/comparative-study-between-plastic-and-metallic-stents-for-biliary-decompression-in-patients-with-distal-biliary-obstruction
#18
João Guilherme G Cabral, Eloy Taglieri, Adriane Pelosof, Daniel Rosendo, José Celso Ardengh
This paper presents a retrospective comparison of plastic versus metallic stents in the drainage of malignant distal biliary obstructions. We compared single plastic stents (SPS), multiple plastic stents (MPS), and metallic stents (SEMS) regarding clinical decrease of TB < 2.0 mg/dL, long-term patency, and adverse event. 58 patients (38 women) with MDBO were included. Diagnoses were 44 pancreatic adenocarcinoma (74.6%), 9 metastasis (15.5%), 3 pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (5.1%), and 2 adenocarcinoma in the major papilla (3...
2017: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988413/oral-health-of-children-and-adolescents-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-and-mother-s-sense-of-coherence
#19
Natália Cristina Ruy Carneiro, Tahyná Duda Deps, Esdras Campos França, Eugênia Ribeiro Valadares, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Ana Cristina Borges-Oliveira
AIMS: The purpose of this study is assess the association between mother's Sense of Coherence (SOC) and the oral health status of children with and without mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out with 29 children/adolescents with MPS and 29 children/adolescents without MPS, and their mothers in Brazil. Mothers completed the Antonovsky's SOC instrument (SOC-13) and their children's oral cavity had been examined for developmental defects of enamel (DDE), occlusal problems, dental caries (DMFT/dmft) and oral hygiene...
October 8, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983456/enzyme-replacement-therapy-attenuates-disease-progression-in-two-japanese-siblings-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-vi-10-year-follow-up
#20
Mahoko Furujo, Motomichi Kosuga, Torayuki Okuyama
Early initiation of enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) has demonstrated clinical benefit in patients with mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI), a progressive, multisystem autosomal recessive lysosomal disorder caused by N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulphatase (ASB) deficiency and the consequent accumulation of glycosaminoglycan. A previous case report highlighted that 3 years of ERT with recombinant human ASB (galsulfase) was well tolerated and effective in two Japanese siblings with MPS VI who initiated ERT at 5...
December 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
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