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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343930/cost-effectiveness-of-different-post-retained-restorations
#1
Falk Schwendicke, Michael Stolpe
OBJECTIVES: Dentists can choose between metal and fiber post systems to provide post-retained restorations. The risk of tooth loss and other complications differs between different post systems, as do the initial treatment costs. We aimed to assess the cost-effectiveness of (1) cast metal (MC), (2) preformed metal (MP), (3) glass fiber (GF), and (4) carbon fiber (CF) post-retained restorations. METHODS: A mixed public-private payer's perspective within German healthcare was taken...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343625/the-effectiveness-of-kinesio-taping-on-pain-and-disability-in-cervical-myofascial-pain-syndrome
#2
Saime Ay, Hatice Ecem Konak, Deniz Evcik, Sibel Kibar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of Kinesio Taping and sham Kinesio Taping on pain, pressure pain threshold, cervical range of motion, and disability in cervical myofascial pain syndrome patients (MPS). METHODS: This study was designed as a randomized, double-blind placebo controlled study. Sixty-one patients with MPS were randomly assigned into two groups. Group 1 (n=31) was treated with Kinesio Taping and group 2 (n=30) was treated sham taping five times by intervals of 3 days for 15 days...
March 2017: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341051/whey-protein-derived-exosomes-increase-protein-synthesis-and-hypertrophy-in-c2-c12-myotubes
#3
C Brooks Mobley, Petey W Mumford, John J McCarthy, Michael E Miller, Kaelin C Young, Jeffrey S Martin, Darren T Beck, Christopher M Lockwood, Michael D Roberts
We sought to examine potential amino acid independent mechanisms whereby hydrolyzed whey protein (WP) affects muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and anabolism in vitro. Specifically, we tested (1) whether 3-h and 6-h treatments of WP, essential amino acids, or l-leucine (Leu) affected MPS, and whether 6-h treatments with low-, medium-, or high doses of WP versus Leu affected MPS; (2) whether knockdown of the primary Leu transporter affected WP- and Leu-mediated changes in MPS, mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling responses, or both, following 6-h treatments; (3) whether exosomes isolated from WP (WP-EXO) affected MPS, mTOR signaling responses, or both, compared with untreated (control) myotubes, following 6-h, 12-h, and 24-h treatments, and whether they affected myotube diameter following 24-h and 48-h treatments...
January 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337883/evaluation-of-tolerance-and-safety-of-conversion-from-mycophenolate-mofetil-to-enteric-coated-mycophenolic-acid-in-renal-transplant-recipients
#4
L W Qiao, Q S Qu, X Jiang
This study was designed to evaluate the curative effect of conversion from mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) to enteric-coated mycophenolate sodium tablets (EC-MPS) and its safety. One hundred and twenty renal transplant recipients who developed MMF-associated chronic diarrhea were selected as research subjects and treated with EC-MPS. The patients were followed up for 12 months to compare the improvement of gastrointestinal symptoms and the indexes such as carbon dioxide combining power (CO2CP), serum sodium, serum potassium, serum creatinine (Scr) and 24-h urine protein before and after conversion treatment...
January 2017: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335534/a-networked-sensor-system-for-the-analysis-of-plot-scale-hydrology
#5
German Villalba, Fernando Plaza, Xiaoyang Zhong, Tyler W Davis, Miguel Navarro, Yimei Li, Thomas A Slater, Yao Liang, Xu Liang
This study presents the latest updates to the Audubon Society of Western Pennsylvania (ASWP) testbed, a $50,000 USD, 104-node outdoor multi-hop wireless sensor network (WSN). The network collects environmental data from over 240 sensors, including the EC-5, MPS-1 and MPS-2 soil moisture and soil water potential sensors and self-made sap flow sensors, across a heterogeneous deployment comprised of MICAz, IRIS and TelosB wireless motes. A low-cost sensor board and software driver was developed for communicating with the analog and digital sensors...
March 20, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331357/effectiveness-of-ultrasound-therapy-for-myofascial-pain-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Peng Xia, Xiaoju Wang, Qiang Lin, Kai Cheng, Xueping Li
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to assess the therapeutic effect of ultrasound (US) on myofascial pain syndrome (MPS). DATE SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library were searched to find relevant studies from January 1966 to May 2016 using keywords. Four investigators performed the data extraction. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) investigating the outcomes of pain and physical function between MPS patients receiving and not receiving US were selected by two researchers independently...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302527/multiple-plastic-stents-versus-covered-metal-stent-for-treatment-of-anastomotic-biliary-strictures-after-liver-transplantation-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-trial
#7
Andrea Oliver Tal, Fabian Finkelmeier, Natalie Filmann, Leena Kylänpää, Marianne Udd, Ilaria Parzanese, Paolo Cantù, Alexander Dechêne, Volker Penndorf, Andreas Schnitzbauer, Mireen Friedrich-Rust, Stefan Zeuzem, Jörg G Albert
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Treatment of anastomotic biliary strictures (ABSs) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) by endoscopic insertion of multiple plastic stents (MPSs) is well-established. The use of covered self-expandable metal stents (cSEMSs) for this indication is less investigated. METHODS: In an open-label, multicenter, randomized trial, patients with confirmed ABSs were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive either an MPS or a cSEMS. Primary endpoint was the number of endoscopic interventions until ABS resolution...
March 13, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296942/co-ingestion-of-carbohydrate-and-whey-protein-increases-fasted-rates-of-muscle-protein-synthesis-immediately-after-resistance-exercise-in-rats
#8
Wanyi Wang, Zhenping Ding, Geoffrey J Solares, Soon-Mi Choi, Bo Wang, Aram Yoon, Roger P Farrar, John L Ivy
The objective of the study was to investigate whether co-ingestion of carbohydrate and protein as compared with protein alone augments muscle protein synthesis (MPS) during early exercise recovery. Two months old rats performed 10 repetitions of ladder climbing with 75% of body weight attached to their tails. Placebo (PLA), whey protein (WP), or whey protein plus carbohydrate (CP) was then given to rats by gavage. An additional group of sedentary rats (SED) was used as controls. Blood samples were collected immediately and at either 1 or 2 h after exercise...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295384/noninvasive-fetal-genotyping-of-paternally-inherited-alleles-using-targeted-massively-parallel-sequencing-in-parentage-testing-cases
#9
Donggui Yang, Hao Liang, Yu Gao, Shaobin Lin, Zhiming He, Jun Gao, Hongyu Sun, Qing Li, Xiaoyan Ma, Xueling Ou
BACKGROUND: Researchers have sought to develop a noninvasive protocol for paternity analysis that uses fetal cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in maternal plasma. Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) is expected to overcome this challenge because it enables the analysis of millions of DNA molecules at a single-base resolution. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Seven women were involved in prenatal paternity testing cases. Before conventional invasive procedures, cfDNA was isolated from maternal plasma...
March 10, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294991/the-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-arterial-stiffness-of-pediatric-mucopolysaccharidosis-patients-are-increased-compared-to-both-pediatric-and-adult-controls
#10
Raymond Y Wang, Kyle D Rudser, Donald R Dengel, Elizabeth A Braunlin, Julia Steinberger, David R Jacobs, Alan R Sinaiko, Aaron S Kelly
Treatments for mucopolysaccharidoses (MPSs) have increased longevity, but cardiovascular disease causes mortality in a significant percentage of survivors. Markers must be developed to predict MPS cardiac risk and monitor efficacy of investigational therapies.MPS patients underwent carotid artery ultrasonography from which carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and three measures of arterial stiffness were calculated: carotid artery distensibility (cCSD), compliance (cCSC), and incremental elastic modulus (cIEM)...
March 15, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292727/analysis-of-dna-from-post-blast-pipe-bomb-fragments-for-identification-and-determination-of-ancestry
#11
Esiri Tasker, Bobby LaRue, Charity Beherec, David Gangitano, Sheree Hughes-Stamm
Improvised explosive devices (IEDs) such as pipe bombs are weapons used to detrimentally affect people and communities. A readily accessible brand of exploding targets called Tannerite® has been identified as a potential material for abuse as an explosive in pipe bombs. The ability to recover and genotype DNA from such weapons may be vital in the effort to identify suspects associated with these devices. While it is possible to recover DNA from post-blast fragments using short tandem repeat markers (STRs), genotyping success can be negatively affected by low quantities of DNA, degradation, and/or PCR inhibitors...
March 1, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288918/increased-carbon-dioxide-levels-stimulate-neutrophils-to-produce-microparticles-and-activate-the-nucleotide-binding-domain-like-receptor-3-inflammasome
#12
Stephen R Thom, Veena M Bhopale, JingPing Hu, Ming Yang
We hypothesized that elevations of carbon dioxide (CO2) commonly found in modern buildings will stimulate leukocytes to produce microparticles (MPs) and activate the nucleotide-binding domain-like receptor 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome due to mitochondrial oxidative stress. Human and murine neutrophils generate MPs with high interleukin-1β (IL-1β) content when incubated ex vivo in buffer equilibrated with 0.1-0.4% additional CO2. Enhanced MPs production requires mitochondrial reactive oxygen species production, which is mediated by activities of pyruvate carboxylase and phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase...
March 10, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285200/enhanced-photocurrent-production-by-the-synergy-of-hematite-nanowire-arrayed-photoanode-and-bioengineered-shewanella-oneidensis-mr-1
#13
Gaolong Zhu, Yun Yang, Juan Liu, Feng Liu, Anhuai Lu, Weidong He
Coupling the light-harvesting capabilities of semiconductors with the catalytic power of bacteria is a promising way to increase the efficiency of bioelectrochemical systems. Here, we reported the enhanced photocurrents produced by the synergy of hematite nanowire-arrayed photoanode and the bio-engineered Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 in a solar-assisted microbial photoelectrochemical system (solar MPS) under the visible light. To increase the supply of bioelectrons, the D-lactate transporter, SO1522, was overexpressed in the recombinant S...
March 8, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282939/oral-health-status-of-patients-with-lysosomal-storage-diseases-in-poland
#14
Damian Drążewski, Małgorzata Grzymisławska, Katarzyna Korybalska, Natasza Czepulis, Marian Grzymisławski, Janusz Witowski, Anna Surdacka
Patients with lysosomal storage diseases (LSDs) suffer from physical and mental disabilities, which together with poor access to professional care may lead to impaired oral health. This cross-sectional case-control study characterized the status of oral health in patients with LSDs in Poland. Thirty-six children and young adults with various forms of LSDs were examined. The data were compared with those from age- and sex-matched healthy controls. Exemplary cases were presented to highlight typical problems in oral care associated with LSDs...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279502/circulating-microparticle-subpopulations-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-are-affected-by-disease-activity
#15
Patricia López, Javier Rodríguez-Carrio, Aleida Martínez-Zapico, Luis Caminal-Montero, Ana Suárez
BACKGROUND: Immune cells under chronic inflammation shed microparticles (MPs) that could fuel the inflammatory responses and atherosclerosis typically presented in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). This study analyzes total and subset-specific MPs from SLE patients and their possible influence on clinical features, leukocyte activation and serum cytokines. METHODS: Total MPs and those derived from platelets, endothelial cells, monocytes, granulocytes and T-cells were quantified in plasma of 106 SLE patients and 33 healthy controls by flow cytometry...
March 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273507/flanking-region-variation-of-forenseq%C3%A2-dna-signature-prep-kit-str-and-snp-loci-in-yavapai-native-americans
#16
Frank R Wendt, Jonathan L King, Nicole M M Novroski, Jennifer D Churchill, Jillian Ng, Robert F Oldt, Kelly L McCulloh, Jessica A Weise, David Glenn Smith, Sreetharan Kanthaswamy, Bruce Budowle
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) offers advantages over current capillary electrophoresis-based analysis of short tandem repeat (STR) loci for human identification testing. In particular STR repeat motif sequence information can be obtained, thereby increasing the discrimination power of some loci. While sequence variation within the repeat region is observed relatively frequently in some of the commonly used STRs, there is an additional degree of variation found in the flanking regions adjacent to the repeat motif...
February 27, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269743/kinetic-modelling-of-cytochrome-c-adsorption-on-sba-15
#17
Yoshiyuki Yokogawa, Rie Yamauchi, Akira Saito, Yuta Yamato, Takeshi Toma
The adsorption capacity of mesoporous silicate (MPS) materials as an adsorbent for protein adsorption from the aqueous phase and the mechanism of the adsorption processes by comparative analyses of the applicability of five kinetic transfer models, pseudo-first-order model, pseudo-second-order model, Elovich kinetic model, Bangham's equation model, and intraparticle diffusion model, were investigated. A mixture of tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) and triblock copolymer as a template was stirred, hydrothermally treated to form the mesoporous SBA-15 structure, and heat-treated at 550°C to form the MPS material, SBA-15...
2017: Bio-medical Materials and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266863/microcurrent-point-stimulation-applied-to-lower-back-acupuncture-points-for-the-treatment-of-nonspecific-neck-pain
#18
Kelly Armstrong, Raman Gokal, Antoine Chevalier, William Todorsky, Mike Lim
OBJECTIVES: Although acupuncture and microcurrent are widely used for chronic pain, there remains considerable controversy as to their therapeutic value for neck pain. We aimed to determine the effect size of microcurrent applied to lower back acupuncture points to assess the impact on the neck pain. DESIGN: This was a cohort analysis of treatment outcomes pre- and postmicrocurrent stimulation, involving 34 patients with a history of nonspecific chronic neck pain...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264742/differential-surface-glycoprofile-of-buffalo-bull-spermatozoa-during-mating-and-non-mating-periods
#19
G Accogli, G M Lacalandra, G Aiudi, S N Cox, S Desantis
The buffalo has a seasonal reproduction activity with mating and non-mating periods occurring from late autumn to winter and from late spring to beginning of autumn, respectively. Sperm glycocalyx plays an important role in reproduction as it is the first interface between sperm and environment. Semen quality is poorer during non-mating periods, so we aimed to evaluate if there were also seasonal differences in the surface glycosylation pattern of mating period spermatozoa (MPS) compared with non-mating period spermatozoa (NMPS)...
March 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263073/investigation-into-the-biological-impact-of-block-size-on-cathepsin-s-degradable-hpma-copolymers
#20
Wei Fan, Wenting Zhang, Yinnong Jia, Susan K Brusnahan, Jered C Garrison
N-(2-Hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA) copolymers have been studied as an efficient carrier for drug delivery and tumor imaging. However, as with many macromolecular platforms, the substantial accumulation of HPMA copolymer by the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS)-associated tissues, such as the blood, liver, and spleen, has inhibited its clinical translation. Our laboratory is pursuing approaches to improve the diagnostic and radiotherapeutic effectiveness of HPMA copolymers by reducing the nontarget accumulation...
March 21, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
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