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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642676/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-protein-and-exercise
#1
REVIEW
Ralf Jäger, Chad M Kerksick, Bill I Campbell, Paul J Cribb, Shawn D Wells, Tim M Skwiat, Martin Purpura, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Arny A Ferrando, Shawn M Arent, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Jeffrey R Stout, Paul J Arciero, Michael J Ormsbee, Lem W Taylor, Colin D Wilborn, Doug S Kalman, Richard B Kreider, Darryn S Willoughby, Jay R Hoffman, Jamie L Krzykowski, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review related to the intake of protein for healthy, exercising individuals. Based on the current available literature, the position of the Society is as follows:An acute exercise stimulus, particularly resistance exercise, and protein ingestion both stimulate muscle protein synthesis (MPS) and are synergistic when protein consumption occurs before or after resistance exercise.For building muscle mass and for maintaining muscle mass through a positive muscle protein balance, an overall daily protein intake in the range of 1...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639443/relationship-between-the-handball-specific-complex-test-nonspecific-field-tests-and-the-match-performance-score-in-elite-professional-handball-players
#2
Souhail Hermassi, Mohamed S Chelly, Rainer Wollny, Birgit Hoffmeyer, Georg Fieseler, Stephan Schulze, Lars Irlenbusch, Karl-Stefan Delank, Roy J Shephard, Thomas Bartels, René Schwesig
BACKGROUND: This study assessed the validity of the handball-specific complex-test (HBCT) and two nonspecific field tests in professional elite handball athletes, using the match performance score (MPS) as the gold standard of performance. METHODS: Thirteen elite male handball players (age: 27.4 ± 4.8 years; premier German league) performed the HBCT, the Yo-Yo Intermittent Recovery Test (Yo-Yo-IR1-test) and a repeated shuttle sprint ability (RSA) test at the beginning of pre-season training...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633858/effects-of-processing-parameters-in-the-sonic-assisted-water-extraction-sawe-of-6-gingerol
#3
Syaripah Zaimah Syed Jaapar, Noor Azian Morad, Yoshio Iwai, Mariam Firdhaus Mad Nordin
The use of water in subcritical conditions for extraction has several drawbacks. These include the safety features, higher production costs and possible degradation of the bioactive compounds. To overcome these problems, sonic energy and an entrainer were used as external interventions to decrease the polarity of water at milder operating conditions. The effect of low (28kHz) and high (800kHz) frequencies of sonication in the extraction of the main ginger bioactive compound (6-gingerol) were compared. Six parameters were studied: mean particle size (MPS, mm), time of extraction, applied power, sample to solvent ratio (w/v), temperature of extraction, and the percentage of entrainer...
September 2017: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624423/2-methylpyridine-1-ium-1-sulfonate-from-allium-hirtifolium-an-anti-angiogenic-compound-which-inhibits-growth-of-mcf-7-and-mda-mb-231-cells-through-cell-cycle-arrest-and-apoptosis-induction
#4
Hamid-Reza Mohammadi-Motlagh, Yalda Shokohinia, Mahdi Mojarrab, Hassan Rasouli, Ali Mostafaie
Natural products have well been recognized as sources of drugs in cancer treatment. Some medicinal plants contain the constituents with potent anti-angiogenic and anti-cancer effects, which have offered great hopes of being used as drugs for treating various cancers. The present study aims at identifying the anti-angiogenic effects of 2-Methylpyridine-1-ium-1-sulfonate (MPS) isolated from the ethyl acetate extract (EA) of Persian shallot (Allium hirtifolium). In a concentration-dependent manner, the MPS was able to inhibit endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis in both in vivo and in vitro assays, and also significantly suppressed proliferation of MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell lines...
June 15, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623029/efficacy-of-plga-microparticle-encapsulated-formalin-killed-aeromonas-hydrophila-cells-as-a-single-shot-vaccine-against-a-hydrophila-infection
#5
Saekil Yun, Jin Woo Jun, Sib Sankar Giri, Hyoun Joong Kim, Cheng Chi, Sang Geun Kim, Sang Wha Kim, Se Chang Park
Control and prevention of disease is a high priority in aquaculture, and vaccination is important to prevent outbreaks. Here, poly(d,l-lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) microparticles (MPs) approximately 36μm in diameter were used to encapsulate and deliver Aeromonas hydrophila formalin-killed cells (FKC) as an antigen, and the innate and adaptive immune responses of cyprinid loaches and common carp were assessed following vaccination. The antigen was confirmed to be well encapsulated by scanning electron microscopy analysis of PLGA MP sections...
June 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622824/toxicological-assessment-of-nano-and-micron-sized-tungsten-oxide-after-28days-repeated-oral-administration-to-wistar-rats
#6
Srinivas Chinde, Paramjit Grover
Tungsten oxide (WO3) nanoparticles (NPs) are being used in various applications. However, the health consequences of WO3 NPs exposure have not been explored extensively. Hence, the goal of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of WO3 NPs and their microparticles (MPs) after 28days repeated oral administration in Wistar rats. The particles were characterised by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), laser Doppler velocimetry (LDV), Brunner-Emmett-Teller (BET), X- ray diffraction (XRD), and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometer (ICP-OES)...
July 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621974/continuous-matrix-product-states-for-quantum-fields-an-energy-minimization-algorithm
#7
Martin Ganahl, Julián Rincón, Guifre Vidal
The generalization of matrix product states (MPS) to continuous systems, as proposed in the breakthrough Letter of Verstraete and Cirac [Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 190405 (2010).PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.104.190405], provides a powerful variational ansatz for the ground state of strongly interacting quantum field theories in one spatial dimension. A continuous MPS (cMPS) approximation to the ground state can be obtained by simulating a Euclidean time evolution. In this Letter we propose a cMPS optimization algorithm based instead on energy minimization by gradient methods and demonstrate its performance by applying it to the Lieb-Liniger model (an integrable model of an interacting bosonic field) directly in the thermodynamic limit...
June 2, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619065/open-issues-in-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-hurler
#8
REVIEW
Rossella Parini, Federica Deodato, Maja Di Rocco, Edoardo Lanino, Franco Locatelli, Chiara Messina, Attilio Rovelli, Maurizio Scarpa
Mucopolysaccharidosis I-Hurler (MPS I-H) is the most severe form of a metabolic genetic disease caused by mutations of IDUA gene encoding the lysosomal α-L-iduronidase enzyme. MPS I-H is a rare, life-threatening disease, evolving in multisystem morbidity including progressive neurological disease, upper airway obstruction, skeletal deformity and cardiomyopathy. Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the gold standard for the treatment of MPS I-H in patients diagnosed and treated before 2-2...
June 15, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616557/dipyridamole-induced-adverse-effects-in-myocardial-perfusion-scans-dynamic-evaluation
#9
Sin-Di Lee, Wei-Chun Huang, Nan-Jing Peng, Chin Hu
AIM AND BACKGROUND: Dipyridamole-induced stress myocardial perfusion scans (MPS) has been widely used for management of coronary artery disease. The adverse effects of dipyridamole and other stress agents have been evaluated. The aim of this research is to confirm the dynamic data on dipyridamole side effects during MPS. METHODS: We collected data of 183 patients who underwent dipyridamole-induced stress MPS by retrospectively reviewing their clinical records, which included the severity of dipyridamole side effects in 3 min, 10 min, and 20 min after infusion...
March 2017: IJC Heart & Vasculature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613038/investigation-of-the-str-loci-noise-distributions-of-powerseq%C3%A2-auto-system
#10
Xiangpei Zeng, Jonathan L King, Bruce Budowle
AIM: To characterize the noise and stutter distribution of 23 short tandem repeats (STRs) included in the PowerSeqTM Auto System. METHODS: Raw FASTQ files were analyzed using STRait Razor v2s to display alleles and coverage. The sequence noise was divided into several categories: noise at allele position, noise at -1 repeat position, and artifact. The average relative percentages of locus coverage for each noise, stutter, and allele were calculated from the samples used for this locus noise analysis...
June 14, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604952/-idua-gene-mutation-analysis-and-prenatal-diagnosis-of-two-families-affected-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i
#11
Xinyu Yang, Shiyue Mei, Xiangdong Kong, Zhenhua Zhao, Aojie Cai, Jiameng Yao, Yiying Li, Zhi Qin
OBJECTIVE: To analyze mutations of IDUA gene in two pedigrees affected with mucopolysaccharidosis type I and provide prenatal diagnosis for them. METHODS: The 14 exons of the IDUA gene were subjected to PCR amplification and Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: For pedigree 1, the proband was found to harbor compound heterozygous mutations c.46-57delTCGCTCCTGGCC (p.Ser16_Ala19del) of exon 1 and c.1147delC (p.Arg383Alafs*57) of exon 8 of the IDUA gene, which were inherited from his father and mother, respectively...
June 10, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Yixue Yichuanxue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601604/axonal-dystrophy-in-the-brain-of-mice-with-sanfilippo-syndrome
#12
Helen Beard, Sofia Hassiotis, Wei-Ping Gai, Emma Parkinson-Lawrence, John J Hopwood, Kim M Hemsley
Axonal dystrophy has been described as an early pathological feature of neurodegenerative disorders including Alzheimer's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Axonal inclusions have also been reported to occur in several neurodegenerative lysosomal storage disorders including Mucopolysaccharidosis type IIIA (MPS IIIA; Sanfilippo syndrome). This disorder results from a mutation in the gene encoding the lysosomal sulphatase sulphamidase, and as a consequence heparan sulphate accumulates, accompanied by secondarily-stored gangliosides...
June 7, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595941/epidemiology-of-mucopolysaccharidoses
#13
Shaukat A Khan, Hira Peracha, Diana Ballhausen, Alfred Wiesbauer, Marianne Rohrbach, Matthias Gautschi, Robert W Mason, Roberto Giugliani, Yasuyuki Suzuki, Kenji E Orii, Tadao Orii, Shunji Tomatsu
The aim of this study was to obtain data about the epidemiology of the different types of mucopolysaccharidoses in Japan and Switzerland and to compare with similar data from other countries. Data for Japan was collected between 1982 and 2009, and 467 cases with MPS were identified. The combined birth prevalence was 1.53 per 100,000 live births. The highest birth prevalence was 0.84 for MPS II, accounting for 55% of all MPS. MPS I, III, and IV accounted for 15, 16, and 10%, respectively. MPS VI and VII were more rare and accounted for 1...
May 26, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595620/transcranial-pulsed-ultrasound-facilitates-brain-uptake-of-laronidase-in-enzyme-replacement-therapy-for-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-disease
#14
Yu-Hone Hsu, Ren-Shyan Liu, Win-Li Lin, Yeong-Seng Yuh, Shuan-Pei Lin, Tai-Tong Wong
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS I) is a debilitating hereditary disease characterized by alpha-L-iduronidase (IDUA) deficiency and consequent inability to degrade glycosaminoglycans. The pathological accumulation of glycosaminoglycans systemically results in severe mental retardation and multiple organ dysfunction. Enzyme replacement therapy with recombinant human alpha-L-iduronidase (rhIDU) improves the function of some organs but not neurological deficits owing to its exclusion from the brain by the blood-brain barrier (BBB)...
June 8, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590232/anesthesia-for-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidoses-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature-with-emphasis-on-airway-management
#15
REVIEW
Brittney M Clark, Juraj Sprung, Toby N Weingarten, Mary E Warner
Mucopolysaccharidoses (MPS) are rare, inherited, lysosomal storage diseases that cause accumulation of glycosaminoglycans, resulting in anatomic abnormalities and organ dysfunction that can increase the risk of anesthesia complications. We conducted a systematic review of the literature in order to describe the anesthetic management and perioperative outcomes in patients with MPS. We reviewed English-language literature search using an OVID-based search strategy of the following databases: 1) PubMed (1946-present), 2) Medline (1946-present), 3) EMBASE (1946-present), and 4) Web of Science (1946-present) using the following search terms: mucopolysaccharidosis, Hurler, Scheie, Sanfilippo, Morquio, Maroteaux, anesthesia, perioperative, intubation, respiratory insufficiency, and airway...
June 6, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588666/molecular-analysis-of-the-novel-ids-allele-in-a-thai-family-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-ii-the-c-928c-t-p-gln310-transcript-is-sensitive-to-nonsense-mediated-mrna-decay
#16
Lukana Ngiwsara, Kitiwan Rojnueangnit, Duangrurdee Wattanasirichaigoon, Thipwimol Tim-Aroon, Phannee Sawangareetrakul, Voraratt Champattanachai, James R Ketudat-Cairns, Jisnuson Svasti
Hunter syndrome (or mucopolysaccharidosis type II, MPS II) is an X-linked recessive disorder induced by a deficiency of the iduronate 2-sulfatase (IDS) enzyme, resulting in the accumulation of glycosaminoglycan substrates, heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate, in the lysosomes. The progressive accumulation of undegraded metabolites induces cell and tissue dysfunction, leading to multi-systemic pathology. The heterogeneity of clinical phenotypes, ranging from mild to severe forms, results from different mutations in the IDS gene...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588573/bovine-wc1-and-wc1-neg-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-lymphocytes-influence-monocyte-differentiation-and-monocyte-derived-dendritic-cell-maturation-during-in-vitro-mycobacterium-avium-subspecies-paratuberculosis-infection
#17
Monica M Baquero, Brandon L Plattner
During early Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (Map) infection, complex interactions occur between the bacteria, cells from the mononuclear phagocyte system (MPS) including both resident (macrophages and dendritic cells) and recruited (monocytes) cells, and other mucosal sentinel cells such as γδ T lymphocytes. Though the details of early host-pathogen interactions in cattle remain largely underexplored, our hypothesis is that these significantly influence development of host immunity and ultimate success or failure of the host to respond to Map infection...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577407/time-resolved-immunoassay-based-on-magnetic-particles-for-the-detection-of-diethyl-phthalate-in-environmental-water-samples
#18
Fang Zhu, Chaoming Mao, Daolin Du
Diethyl phthalate (DEP) is an extensively used phthalic acid diester (PAEs) with estrogenic activity and the potential for carcinogenic and teratogenic effects. To monitor trace DEP in environmental waters, a sensitive direct competitive time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay based on magnetic particles (MPs) as solid support was established. For the assay system, the anti-DEP antibody was oriented on the surface of the MPs using goat anti-rabbit antibody as linkers, and DEP-OVA was labeled using Eu(3+). Several physicochemical factors that potentially influence the assay performance of the proposed method were investigated in detail, including concentration of MPs, dilution of DEP-OVA-Eu(3+) and incubation time...
May 31, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570974/photodegradation-of-micropollutants-using-v-uv-uv-c-processes-triclosan-as-a-model-compound
#19
Alfiya Yuval, Friedler Eran, Westphal Janin, Olsson Oliver, Dubowski Yael
Non-potable reuse of treated wastewater is becoming widespread as means to address growing water scarcity. Removal of micropollutants (MPs) from such water often requires advanced oxidation processes using OH radicals. OH can be generated in-situ via water photolysis under vacuum-UV (λ<200nm) irradiation. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential of unmasking V-UV radiation from low pressure Hg lamps (emitting at 185 and 254nm), commonly used in decentralized treatment systems, for enhancing MPs removal efficiency...
May 29, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561199/efficacy-of-self-expandable-metal-stents-in-management-of-benign-biliary-strictures-and-comparison-with-multiple-plastic-stents-a-meta-analysis
#20
Muhammad Ali Khan, Todd H Baron, Faisal Kamal, Bilal Ali, Richard Nollan, Mohammad Kashif Ismail, Claudio Tombazzi, Everson L A Artifon, Alessandro Repici, Mouen A Khashab
Background and study aims There is burgeoning interest in the utilization of covered self-expandable metal stents (CSEMSs) for managing benign biliary stricture (BBS). This systematic review and meta-analysis evaluated cumulative stricture resolution and recurrence rates using CSEMSs and compared performance of CSEMSs and multiple plastic stents (MPS) in BBS management. Method Searches in several databases identified studies including ≥ 10 patients that utilized CSEMSs for BBS treatment. Weighted pooled rates were calculated for stricture resolution and recurrence...
May 24, 2017: Endoscopy
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