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Sabina Ziemian, Norbert Löwa, Olaf Kosch, Daniel Bajj, Frank Wiekhorst, Gunnar Schütz
The optimization of iron oxide nanoparticles as tracers for magnetic particle imaging (MPI) alongside the development of data acquisition equipment and image reconstruction techniques is crucial for the required improvements in image resolution and sensitivity of MPI scanners. We present a large-scale water-based synthesis of multicore superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles stabilized with dextran (MC-SPIONs). We also demonstrate the preparation of single core superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in organic media, subsequently coated with a poly(ethylene glycol) gallic acid polymer and phase transferred to water (SC-SPIONs)...
March 21, 2018: Nanomaterials
Kallol Mukherjee, Majji Shankar, Koushik Ghosh, Akhila K Sahoo
A nontrivial Ru-catalyzed one-pot sequential oxidative coupling of a (hetero)arene/vinylic/chromene system with alkyne and quinone is presented; the methyl phenyl sulfoximine (MPS) directing group is vital. This cyclization forms four (two C-C and two C-N) bonds in a single operation and produces unusual spiro-fused-isoquinolones with a broad scope. The release of phenyl methyl sulfoxide makes the MPS group transformable. A deuterium scrambling study sheds light on the reaction path.
March 21, 2018: Organic Letters
Nathan McClane, Walter Jeske, Jeanine M Walenga, Vicki Escalante, Debra Hoppensteadt, Jeffrey Schwartz, Mamdouh Bakhos
Heart failure affects over 5 million people in the United States. Its rising prevalence and the limited supply of donor hearts is increasing the use of mechanical cardiac support with the implantation of continuous-flow ventricular assist devices (CF-VAD). Patients with CF-VAD implants are at risk of complications, specifically adverse hemostatic events such as nonsurgical bleeding and thrombosis. Development of a pump thrombus requires clinical intervention and/or surgical replacement significantly increasing the risk of patient morbidity and mortality...
January 1, 2018: Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/hemostasis
Galia Spectre, Fariborz Mobarrez, Ragnhild Stålesen, Claes-Göran Östenson, David Varon, Håkan Wallen, Paul Hjemdahl
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is associated with prothrombotic alterations, and postprandial hyperglycemia is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular complications. We therefore investigated whether a standardized mixed meal alters circulating microparticles (MPs) and their procoagulant activity in DM patients. Patients with DM type 1 (T1DM, n = 11) and type 2 (T2DM; n = 9) were studied before and 90 min after a standardized meal (without premeal insulin). MPs in plasma derived from platelets (PMPs), endothelial cells (EMPs), or monocytes (MMPs) were measured by flow cytometry...
March 16, 2018: Platelets
Stefano Magni, François Gagné, Chantale André, Camilla Della Torre, Joëlle Auclair, Houda Hanana, Camilla Carla Parenti, Francesco Bonasoro, Andrea Binelli
Microplastics (MPs), plastic debris smaller than 5mm, are widely found in both marine and freshwater ecosystems. However, few studies regarding their hazardous effects on inland water organisms, have been conducted. For this reason, the aim of our research was the evaluation of uptake and chronic toxicity of two mixtures (MIXs) of virgin polystyrene microbeads (PMs) of 10μm and 1μm in size (MIX 1, with 5×105 of 1μmsizePMs/L and 5×105 of 10μmsizePMs/L, and MIX 2 with 2×106 of 1μmsizePMs/L and 2×106 of 10μmsizePMs/L) on freshwater zebra mussel Dreissena polymorpha (Mollusca: Bivalvia) during 6 exposure days...
March 12, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Collin D Edington, Wen Li Kelly Chen, Emily Geishecker, Timothy Kassis, Luis R Soenksen, Brij M Bhushan, Duncan Freake, Jared Kirschner, Christian Maass, Nikolaos Tsamandouras, Jorge Valdez, Christi D Cook, Tom Parent, Stephen Snyder, Jiajie Yu, Emily Suter, Michael Shockley, Jason Velazquez, Jeremy J Velazquez, Linda Stockdale, Julia P Papps, Iris Lee, Nicholas Vann, Mario Gamboa, Matthew E LaBarge, Zhe Zhong, Xin Wang, Laurie A Boyer, Douglas A Lauffenburger, Rebecca L Carrier, Catherine Communal, Steven R Tannenbaum, Cynthia L Stokes, David J Hughes, Gaurav Rohatgi, David L Trumper, Murat Cirit, Linda G Griffith
Microphysiological systems (MPSs) are in vitro models that capture facets of in vivo organ function through use of specialized culture microenvironments, including 3D matrices and microperfusion. Here, we report an approach to co-culture multiple different MPSs linked together physiologically on re-useable, open-system microfluidic platforms that are compatible with the quantitative study of a range of compounds, including lipophilic drugs. We describe three different platform designs - "4-way", "7-way", and "10-way" - each accommodating a mixing chamber and up to 4, 7, or 10 MPSs...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hari R Desu, Laura A Thoma, George C Wood
PURPOSE: Acute lung injury (ALI) is a fatal syndrome in critically ill patients. It is characterized by lung edema and inflammation. Numerous pro-inflammatory mediators are released into alveoli. Among them, interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) causes an increase in solute permeability across the alveolar-capillary barrier leading to edema. It activates key effector cells (alveolar epithelial and endothelial cells) releasing inflammatory chemokines and cytokines. The purpose of the study was to demonstrate that nebulized liposomes inhibit ALI in vivo...
March 13, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
Se-Ho Park, Sung-Hee Cho, Ji-Young Han
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the modified plaque score (MPS) for assessing the oral hygiene status of periodontitis patients. Methods: A total of 116 patients were included in this study. After evaluation of the Löe and Silness gingival index (GI), Silness and Löe plaque index (PlI), O'Leary plaque control record (PCR), and MPS, patients were randomly assigned to either a conventional tooth brushing instruction (C-TBI) group (n=56) or a professional intraoral tooth brushing instruction (P-TBI) group (n=60)...
February 2018: Journal of Periodontal & Implant Science
Joshua A Hammons, Fan Zhang, Jan Ilavsky
HYPOTHESIS: Many applications of deep eutectic solvents (DES) rely on exploitation of their unique yet complex liquid structures. Due to the ionic nature of the DES components, their diffuse structures are perturbed in the presence of a charged surface. We hypothesize that it is possible to perturb the bulk DES structure far (>100 nm) from a curved, charged surface with mesoscopic dimensions. EXPERIMENTS: We performed in situ, synchrotron-based ultra-small angle X-ray scattering (USAXS) experiments to study the solvent distribution near the surface of charged mesoporous silica particles (MPS) (≈0...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Muxin Yu, Rujuan Xie, Yan Zhang, Hui Liang, Li Hou, Chengyuan Yu, Jinming Zhang, Zengxiang Dong, Ye Tian, Yayan Bi, Junjie Kou, Valerie A Novakovic, Jialan Shi
Background: Relatively little is known about the role of phosphatidylserine (PS) in procoagulant activity (PCA) in patients with diabetic kidney disease (DKD). This study was designed to evaluate whether exposed PS on microparticles (MPs) and MP-origin cells were involved in the hypercoagulability in DKD patients. Methods: DKD patients (n = 90) were divided into three groups based on urinary albumin excretion rate, defined as normoalbuminuria (No-A) (<30 mg/24 h), microalbuminuria (Mi-A) (30-299 mg/24 h) or macroalbuminuria (Ma-A) (>300 mg/24 h), and compared with healthy controls (n = 30)...
February 26, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Kazuchika Suzuki, Hiroaki Sakai, Kenji Takahashi
We herein report anesthetic management during aortic valve replacement for aortic valve regurgitation in a patient with adult mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS type 2) (Hunter syndrome). This disorder is rare and related to the accumulation of a mucopolysaccharide in lysosomes. It affects various organs, including the airways, heart, and central nerves. In children with MPS type 2, the risk of airway obstruction during anesthesia/sedation is high, and the degree of difficulty increases with aging. The patient described herein was a 33-year-old male without mental retardation...
2018: JA Clin Rep
Tatiane Garcia Stancker, Stella Souza Vieira, Andrey Jorge Serra, Rafael do Nascimento Lima, Regiane Dos Santos Feliciano, José Antônio Silva, Solange Almeida Dos Santos, Marcia Ataize Dos Santos Vieira, Maíra Cecília Brandão Simões, Ernesto Cesar Leal-Junior, Paulo de Tarso Camillo de Carvalho
This study aimed to determine whether photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) could improve the bioavailability and chondroprotective benefits of mesenchymal stem cells injected into the knees of rats used as an experimental model of osteoarthritis (OA) as well as reduce the expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and degradation of type II collagen (COL2-1) in the cartilage. Adipose-derived stem/stromal cells (ADSCs) were collected from three male Fischer 344 rats and characterized by flow cytometry. Fifty female Fischer 344 rats were distributed into five groups of 10 animals each...
March 8, 2018: Lasers in Medical Science
Ji Hoon Kang, Soo Young Lee, Chang Hyun Kim, Hyeong Rok Kim, Han Deok Kwak, Jae Kyun Ju, Young Jin Kim
Purpose: The feasibility of reduced-port laparoscopic surgery (RPS) in colon cancer remains uncertain. This study aimed to compare the short-term outcomes of RPS and multiport surgery (MPS) in colon cancer using propensity score matching analysis. Methods: A total of 302 patients with colon cancer who underwent laparoscopic anterior resection (AR) (n = 184) or right hemicolectomy (RHC) (n = 118) by a single surgeon between January 2011 and January 2017 were included...
March 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
Karen M Rothacker, Katie L Ayers, Dave Tang, Kiranjit Joshi, Jocelyn A van den Bergen, Gorjana Robevska, Naeem Samnakay, Lakshmi Nagarajan, Kate Francis, Andrew H Sinclair, Catherine S Choong
Background: Desert hedgehog ( DHH ) mutations have been described in only a limited number of individuals with 46, XY disorders of sex development (DSD) presenting as either partial or complete gonadal dysgenesis. Gonadal tumours and peripheral neuropathy have been associated with DHH mutations. Herein we report a novel, homozygous mutation of DHH identified through a targeted, massively parallel sequencing (MPS) DSD panel, in a patient presenting with partial gonadal dysgenesis. This novel mutation is two amino acids away from a previously described mutation in a patient who presented with complete gonadal dysgenesis...
2018: International Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology
Sandeep Prabhu, Manish Kalla, Kah Y Peck, Aleksandr Voskoboinik, Alex Ja McLellan, Bupesh Pathik, Chrishan J Nalliah, Geoff R Wong, Hariharan Sugumar, Sonia M Azzopardi, Geoffrey Lee, Liang-Han Ling, Jonathan M Kalman, Peter M Kistler
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) remains the cornerstone of catheter ablation (CA) in persistent AF (PeAF) although less successful than for PAF. Whether rapid or fibrillatory (PVAF) PV firing may identify PeAF patients more likely to benefit from a PV based approach, is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the relationship between PV cycle length (PVCL) and PVAF outcome post CA. METHODS: Before ablation, the multipolar catheter was placed in each PV and the left atrial appendage (LAA) for 100 consecutive cycles...
March 1, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
Mitchell M Holland, Kateryna D Makova, Jennifer A McElhoe
Abstract : Distinguishing between maternal relatives through mitochondrial (mt) DNA sequence analysis has been a longstanding desire of the forensic community. Using a deep-coverage, massively parallel sequencing (DCMPS) approach, we studied the pattern of mtDNA heteroplasmy across the mtgenomes of 39 mother-child pairs of European decent; haplogroups H, J, K, R, T, U, and X. Both shared and differentiating heteroplasmy were observed on a frequent basis in these closely related maternal relatives, with the minor variant often presented as 2-10% of the sequencing reads...
February 26, 2018: Genes
Li Cong, Shuting Yang, Yong Zhang, Jianguo Cao, Xiaohua Fu
7‑difluoromethoxy‑5,4'‑dimethoxy‑genistein (DFMG) is a novel active chemical entity, which modulates the function and signal transduction of endothelial cells and macrophages (MPs), and is essential in the prevention of atherosclerosis. In the present study, the activity and molecular mechanism of DFMG on MPs was investigated using a Transwell assay to construct a non‑contact co‑culture model. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVE‑12), which were incubated with lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC), were seeded in the upper chambers, whereas PMA‑induced MPs were grown in the lower chambers...
February 23, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Klaas Gunst, Frank Verstraete, Sebastian Wouters, Ors Legeza, Dimitri Van Neck
We present a new variational tree tensor network state (TTNS) ansatz, the three-legged tree tensor network state (T3NS). Physical tensors are interspersed with branching tensors. Physical tensors have one physical index and at most two virtual indices, as in the matrix product state (MPS) ansatz of the density matrix renormalization group (DMRG). Branching tensors have no physical index, but up to three virtual indices. In this way, advantages of DMRG, in particular a low computational cost and a simple implementation of symmetries, are combined with advantages of TTNS, namely incorporating more entanglement...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
Artur Campos Dália Maia, Geanne Karla Novais Santos, Eduardo Gomes Gonçalves, Daniela Maria do Amaral Ferraz Navarro, Luis Alberto Nuñez
BACKGROUND: 2-Alkyl-3-methoxypyrazines (MPs) are naturally occuring aromatic compounds involved in insect chemical communication as both pheromones and allelochemicals. Although rarely characterized in floral scents, they have been identified as major constituents in headspace samples from palm inflorescences and evidence pointed towards their function as attractive cues for scent-oriented pollinators, as well as florivores. In the present study, we investigated the occurrence of MPs in economically exploitable palms belonging to Acrocomia and Attalea through headspace floral scent analysis and assessed their role in the selective attraction of flower-feeding cyclocephaline scarabs (Melolonthidae, Cyclocephalini) in field bioassays conducted in Brazil and Colombia...
February 25, 2018: Pest Management Science
Amanda Ewart Toland, Andrea Forman, Fergus J Couch, Julie O Culver, Diana M Eccles, William D Foulkes, Frans B L Hogervorst, Claude Houdayer, Ephrat Levy-Lahad, Alvaro N Monteiro, Susan L Neuhausen, Sharon E Plon, Shyam K Sharan, Amanda B Spurdle, Csilla Szabo, Lawrence C Brody
Clinical testing of BRCA1 and BRCA2 began over 20 years ago. With the expiration and overturning of the BRCA patents, limitations on which laboratories could offer commercial testing were lifted. These legal changes occurred approximately the same time as the widespread adoption of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies. Little is known about how these changes impacted laboratory practices for detecting genetic alterations in hereditary breast and ovarian cancer genes. Therefore, we sought to examine current laboratory genetic testing practices for BRCA1 / BRCA2 ...
2018: NPJ Genomic Medicine
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