keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

gastroenteritis children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098537/persistent-infections-with-diverse-co-circulating-astroviruses-in-pediatric-oncology-patients-memphis-tennessee-usa
#1
Valerie Cortez, Pamela Freiden, Zhengming Gu, Elisabeth Adderson, Randall Hayden, Stacey Schultz-Cherry
Human astroviruses are a major cause of pediatric gastroenteritis, especially in immunocompromised children. We conducted a retrospective study to demonstrate that diverse astrovirus genotypes can co-circulate in pediatric oncology patients. A subset of cases is associated with long-term virus shedding (range 17-183 days).
February 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086819/efficacy-safety-and-effectiveness-of-licensed-rotavirus-vaccines-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-for-latin-america-and-the-caribbean
#2
Raúl F Velázquez, Alexandre C Linhares, Sergio Muñoz, Pamela Seron, Pedro Lorca, Rodrigo DeAntonio, Eduardo Ortega-Barria
BACKGROUND: RotaTeq™ (RV5; Merck & Co. Inc., USA) and Rotarix™ (RV1, GlaxoSmithKline, Belgium) vaccines, developed to prevent rotavirus diarrhea in children under five years old, were both introduced into national immunization programs in 2006. As many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean have included either RV5 or RV1 in their routine childhood vaccination programs, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to analyze efficacy, safety and effectiveness data from the region...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075671/hospitalization-rates-for-intussusception-in-children-aged-0-59%C3%A2-months-from-2009-to-2014-in-italy
#3
Vincenzo Restivo, Claudio Costantino, Fabio Tramuto, Francesco Vitale
The real cause of intussusception is not fully understood and a variety of conditions have been associated with it (Meckel diverticulum, polyps, duplication cysts, parasites, Henoch-Schönlein purpura, cystic fibrosis, hemolytic-uremic syndrome and infectious gastroenteritis). Furthermore few European countries, following WHO recommendation to monitor baseline incidence of intussusception before implementation of immunization program for rotavirus, used intussusception rate as a baseline value to compare the same figures in the period before and after introduction of vaccination...
January 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067936/unparalleled-patterns-of-intussusception-and-rotavirus-gastroenteritis-hospitalization-rates-among-children-younger-than-six-years-in-italy
#4
A Mattei, F Fiasca, M Mazzei, M Sbarbati
BACKGROUND: No nationwide studies are available so far in Italy to analyze the annual trend of hospitalizations for intussusception (IS) comparing it with that of rotavirus gastroenteritis (GARV), therefore a survey was undertaken to assess the incidence rates of IS and GARV in children hospitalized between 2005 and 2014 in Italy. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study was conducted analyzing the Italian Hospital Discharge Database (HDD), including a study on all hospitalizations bearing a primary or secondary diagnoses coded as 560...
January 2017: Annali di Igiene: Medicina Preventiva e di Comunità
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067093/rotavirus-epidemiology-5-6-years-after-universal-rotavirus-vaccination-persistent-rotavirus-activity-in-older-children-and-elderly
#5
Jukka Markkula, Maria Hemming-Harlo, Marjo T Salminen, Carita Savolainen-Kopra, Jaana Pirhonen, Haider Al-Hello, Timo Vesikari
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus (RV) vaccination using RotaTeq(®) vaccine exclusively was introduced into Finnish National Immunization Program (NIP) in 2009, and soon reached high (≥90%) coverage. Since mid-2013, all stool samples from laboratory diagnosed cases of RV gastroenteritis in the entire country have been typed. METHODS: 364 RV positive stool samples collected from clinical laboratories over a 2-year period were G- and P-typed using RT-PCR, and the results were confirmed by sequencing...
January 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051950/phylogenetic-analysis-of-partial-vp7-gene-of-the-emerging-human-group-a-rotavirus-g12-strains-circulating-in-tunisia
#6
Amal Moussa, Mouna Ben Hadj Fredj, Meriam BenHamida-Rebaï, Imene Fodha, Noureddine Boujaafar, Abdelhalim Trabelsi
Group A rotavirus (RVA) is the leading etiological agent of severe gastroenteritis in children less than 5 years of age. The most common G types in humans are G1-4 and G9. G12 genotype is currently emerging worldwide, becoming the sixth most prevalent RVA VP7 genotype causing severe childhood diarrhea. A total of 1127 fecal samples were collected from Tunisian children under 5 years of age consulting for gastroenteritis between 2009 and 2014. All samples were screened by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for the presence of RVA antigen...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046108/norovirus-and-sapovirus-epidemiology-and-strain-characteristics-among-navajo-and-apache-infants
#7
Lindsay R Grant, Katherine L O'Brien, Robert C Weatherholtz, Raymond Reid, Novalene Goklish, Mathuram Santosham, Umesh Parashar, Jan Vinjé
Norovirus and sapovirus are important causes of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among American Indian infants. We investigated the prevalence and molecular epidemiology of norovirus and sapovirus in American Indian infants who have historically experienced a high burden of AGE compared to other US populations. Stool samples were collected from 241 children with AGE (cases) and from 343 infants without AGE (controls) ≤9 months of age from 2002-2004. Cases experienced forceful vomiting and/or 3 or more watery or looser-than-normal stools in 24 hours...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043228/australian-rotavirus-surveillance-program-annual-report-2015
#8
Susie Roczo-Farkas, Carl D Kirkwood, Julie E Bines
The Australian Rotavirus Surveillance Program, together with collaborating laboratories Australia-wide, reports the rotavirus genotypes responsible for the hospitalisation of children with acute gastroenteritis during the period 1 January to 31 December 2015. During the survey period, 1,383 faecal samples were referred for rotavirus G and P genotype analysis, and of these, 1,031 were confirmed as rotavirus positive. A total of 634 specimens had been collected from children under 5 years of age, while 397 were from older children and adults...
December 24, 2016: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033513/norovirus-in-feces-and-nasopharyngeal-swab-of-children-with-and-without-acute-gastroenteritis-symptoms-first-report-of-gi-5-in-brazil-and-gi-3-in-nasopharyngeal-swab
#9
Nathânia Dábilla, Tâmera Nunes Vieira Almeida, Anniely Carvalho Rebouças Oliveira, André Kipnis, Thairiny Neres Silva, Fabíola Souza Fiaccadori, Teresinha Teixeira de Sousa, Divina das Dôres de Paula Cardoso, Menira Souza
BACKGROUND: Noroviruses (NoVs) are an important cause of acute gastroenteritis (AGE), worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the frequency, viral load and molecular profile of NoV in fecal and nasopharyngeal swab samples from hospitalized children, and to determine children's secretor status. STUDY DESIGN: From May 2014 to May 2015, 219 children were included in the study, 96 with gastroenteric symptoms and 123 without gastroenteric symptoms. All fecal and nasopharyngeal swab samples were screened by TaqMan RT-qPCR duplex (GI/GII NoV) and quality samples were characterized by genomic sequencing...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032544/molecular-epidemiology-of-noroviruses-detected-in-vietnamese-children-with-acute-gastroenteritis-from-2012-to-2015
#10
Thi Nguyen Hoa-Tran, Osamu Nakagomi, Anh Thi Hai Dao, Anh The Nguyen, Chantal Ama Agbemabiese, Hung Manh Vu, Toyoko Nakagomi, Thanh Thi Hien Nguyen
Noroviruses, an important cause of diarrhoea in humans, are genetically diverse. The recent norovirus seasons recorded the emergence of new recombinants of the capsid and polymerase genotypes, with a global dominance of GII.Pe_GII.4 Sydney 2012 and GII.P17_GII.17 in Asian countries. However, the number of papers reporting the distribution of both polymerase and capsid genotypes circulating among children is scarce with none from Vietnam. This study described both the polymerase and capsid genotypes of noroviruses circulating in Vietnamese children using stool specimens obtained under the World Health Organisation rotavirus surveillance programme from 2012 to 2015...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008787/a-review-of-dose-responses-of-probiotics-in-human-studies
#11
A C Ouwehand
The probiotic definition requires the administration of an 'adequate amount' in order to obtain a health benefit. What that amount should be is not indicated. Here, an overview is given of studies that investigated the dose-response relation of probiotics in human interventions. Studies were divided in; meta-analyses, meta-analyses on specific probiotic strains, and studies testing two or more doses of a probiotic (combination) in the same study. Meta-analyses on the effect of probiotics on antibiotic associated diarrhoea (AAD) suggest a dose-response effect; for Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhoea on the other hand no dose-response was observed...
December 23, 2016: Beneficial Microbes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007397/impact-of-the-national-rotavirus-vaccination-programme-on-acute-gastroenteritis-in-england-and-associated-costs-averted
#12
Sara L Thomas, Jemma L Walker, Justin Fenty, Katherine E Atkins, Alex J Elliot, Helen E Hughes, Julia Stowe, Shamez Ladhani, Nick J Andrews
BACKGROUND: Introduction of infant oral rotavirus vaccination in the UK in July 2013 has resulted in decreased hospitalisations and Emergency Department (ED) visits for acute gastroenteritis (AGE), for both adults and children. We investigated reductions in AGE incidence seen in primary care in the two years after vaccine introduction, and estimated the healthcare costs averted across healthcare settings in the first year of the vaccination programme. METHODS: We used primary care data from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and age-stratified time-series analyses to derive adjusted incidence rate ratios (IRRa) for AGE in the first two years of the post-vaccination era (July 2013-April 2015) compared to the pre-vaccination era (July 2008-June 2013)...
December 19, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007052/rotavirus-is-frequent-among-adults-hospitalised-for-acute-gastroenteritis
#13
Karen Rokkedal Lausch, Lena Westh, Lena Hagelskjær Kristensen, Jens Lindberg, Britta Tarp, Carsten Schade Larsen
INTRODUCTION: Rotavirus infection is the most common aetiology of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) among young children. In adults, diagnostics focus mainly on bacterial causes, though recent studies suggest that rotavirus is a frequent agent. The aim of this study was to examine the proportion of rotavirus in adults hospitalised with AGE and to identify possible predictors. METHODS: During a 24-month period from 1 May 2010 adults (> 15 years) with AGE admitted to one of four hospitals in the Central Denmark Region were examined for rotavirus with VIKIA Rota-Adeno rapid test in addition to routine culture for bacterial pathogens...
January 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000174/gelatin-tannate-for-acute-childhood-gastroenteritis-a-randomized-single-blind-controlled-trial
#14
Maurizio Mennini, Carlo Tolone, Antonella Frassanito, Fabio Midulla, Salvatore Cucchiara, Marina Aloi
BACKGROUND: Oral rehydration therapy is the recommended treatment for acute childhood gastroenteritis. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of gelatin tannate plus oral rehydration compared with oral rehydration alone. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, parallel, randomized, controlled, single-blind, prospective, open-label trial. A central randomization center used computer generated tables to allocate treatments. The study was performed in two medical centers in Italy...
December 20, 2016: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997518/burden-of-childhood-rotavirus-disease-in-the-outpatient-setting-of-the-russian-federation
#15
Yury V Lobzin, Susanna M Kharit, Michelle G Goveia, Megan A O'Brian, Alexander T Podkolzin, Boris M Blokhin, Maria K Bekhtereva, Alla V Rudakova, Nina V Tikunova
BACKGROUND: This is a prospective, multi centered study conducted in 9 large urban areas in Russia, in order to determine the burden of rotavirus gastroenteritis in children <5 years of age and the genotypes circulating during one rotavirus season. METHODS: From November 2012 to May 2013 surveillance was conducted in Moscow, Saint-Petersburg, Vologda, Krasnodar, Krasnoyarsk, Novosibirsk, Yaroslavl, Khanty-Mansiysk, and Vladivostok. Children < 5 years of age presenting at outpatient clinics with acute gastroenteritis (AGE) of less than 72 hours duration were enrolled in the study...
December 15, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992789/analysis-of-aichi-virus-and-saffold-virus-association-with-pediatric-acute-gastroenteritis
#16
Li-Li Li, Na Liu, Jei-Mei Yu, Yuan-Yun Ao, Shan Li, O Colin Stine, Zhao-Jun Duan
BACKGROUND: Aichi virus (AiV) and Saffold virus (SAFV) have been reported in children with acute gastroenteritis and respiratory disease worldwide; however, their causative role in acute gastroenteritis remains ambiguous. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical association of AiV and SAFV with acute gastroenteritis in the pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: A case-control study involving 461 paired stool samples from pediatric cases with diarrhea and healthy controls was conducted in China...
December 12, 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992422/role-of-t3ss-1-sipd-protein-in-protecting-mice-against-non-typhoidal-salmonella-typhimurium
#17
Bakhos Jneid, Karine Moreau, Marc Plaisance, Audrey Rouaix, Julie Dano, Stéphanie Simon
BACKGROUND: Salmonella enterica species are enteric pathogens that cause severe diseases ranging from self-limiting gastroenteritis to enteric fever and sepsis in humans. These infectious diseases are still the major cause of morbidity and mortality in low-income countries, especially in children younger than 5 years and immunocompromised adults. Vaccines targeting typhoidal diseases are already marketed, but none protect against non-typhoidal Salmonella. The existence of multiple non-typhoidal Salmonella serotypes as well as emerging antibiotic resistance highlight the need for development of a broad-spectrum protective vaccine...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990436/human-bocavirus-in-korean-children-with-gastroenteritis-and-respiratory-tract-infections
#18
Eun Jin Lee, Han-Sung Kim, Hyun Soo Kim, Jae-Seok Kim, Wonkeun Song, MiYoung Kim, Young Kyung Lee, Hee Jung Kang
Human bocaviruses (HBoVs) are suggested to be etiologic agents of childhood respiratory and gastrointestinal infections. There are four main recognized genotypes of HBoVs (HBoV1-4); the HBoV-1 genotype is considered to be the primary etiologic agent in respiratory infections, whereas the HBoV2-4 genotypes have been mainly associated with gastrointestinal infections. The aim of the present study was to determine the distribution of HBoV genotypes in children with respiratory or gastrointestinal infections in a hospital in Korea...
2016: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27988496/resurgence-of-rotavirus-genotype-g12-in-st-louis-during-the-2014-2015-rotavirus-season
#19
Kristine M Wylie, Katherine M Stanley, Erin McElvania TeKippe, Kusal Mihindukulasuriya, Gregory A Storch
BACKGROUND: Rotaviruses are a leading cause of gastroenteritis. Rotavirus vaccination has dramatically reduced rotavirus occurrence; however, we have noticed mild to moderate recurrences in the St. Louis area in alternate years. In 2013, we found rotavirus genotype G12 to be the dominant strain in the St. Louis region. In this study, we again determined the distribution of genotypes and ascertained vaccine history in patients infected with rotavirus G12 during the 2014-15 season. METHODS: Samples submitted to the St...
December 17, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986697/does-increased-duration-of-consultant-presence-affect-length-of-hospital-stay-for-unplanned-admissions-in-acute-paediatrics-an-observational-before-and-after-analysis-using-administrative-healthcare-data
#20
Daniel Cromb, Chris Carter, Claire Lemer, C Ronny Cheung
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to review whether implementation of increased duration of consultant presence is associated with reduction in length of hospital stay (LoS) in children with an unplanned admission to hospital. METHOD DESIGN/SETTING/PARTICIPANTS/INTERVENTIONS/OUTCOME MEASURES: An observational before-and-after study of all unplanned general paediatric admissions to a UK hospital between 1 September 2012 and 31 August 2015, comparing LoS and readmission rates before and after implementation of a policy mandating consultant review within 12 hours of unplanned hospital admission...
December 16, 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
keyword
keyword
106250
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"