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dental anxiety

Muhammed Ajmal, Lujain Ibrahim, Nada Mohammed, Heba Al-Qarni
Introduction: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder which is characterized by recurrent ulcerations mainly confined to non-keratinized oral mucosa. Though the exact etiology is imprecise, stress and anxiety were found to be linked with the onset of RAS. The present study was directed to know the prevalence of RAS among female dental students in King Khalid University, to find out the association between RAS and psychological stress and the effectiveness of Hospital Anxiety and Depression scale (HADS) in finding out the psychological profile of RAS patients...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
Lisa Svensson, Magnus Hakeberg, Ulla Wide
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the prevalence and level of dental pain among adult individuals with severe dental anxiety (DA), and the association between dental pain and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL). METHODS: The study was based on 170 adult individuals with DA referred to a specialized DA clinic. All patients answered a questionnaire including questions on DA (DAS, DFS), OHRQoL (OIDP) and dental pain. An adapted clinical examination and a panoramic radiograph revealed the present oral status...
May 21, 2018: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Preet Bano Singh, Alix Young, Synnøve Lind, Marie Cathinka Leegaard, Alessandra Capuozzo, Valentina Parma
Despite the fact that human body odors can transfer anxiety-related signals, the impact of such signals in real-life situations is scant. In this study, the effects of anxiety chemosignals on the performance of dental students operating on simulation units, wearing t-shirts imbued with human sweat and masked with eugenol were tested. Twenty-four 4th year dental students (17F) donated their body odors in two sessions (Anxiety and Rest). Twenty-four normosmic, sex- and age-matched test subjects who were3rd year dental students performed three dental procedures while smelling masked anxiety body odors, masked rest body odors or masker alone...
May 15, 2018: Chemical Senses
B Jälevik, A Szigyarto-Matei, A Robertson
AIM: To describe the prevalence of different types of developmental defects of the enamel (DDE) in varying age-cohorts and habitations, and to analyse if early trauma to the primary teeth and early subsequent serious health problems were related to DDE in the permanent dentition. Dental fear and anxiety, and aesthetic problems as a consequence of DDE were also investigated. METHODS: DDE was registered over 5 years annually in three age cohorts (796 children). The DDE index (FDI Commision on Oral Health, Research and Epidemiology, Int Dent J 42:411-426, 1992) was used...
May 14, 2018: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Rasoul Gheisari, Fatemeh Resalati, Sattar Mahmoudi, Ali Golkari, Seyed Ali Mosaddad
PURPOSE: Postoperative instructions that are properly delivered can decrease postextraction side effects, such as stress, anxiety, and pain, in patients undergoing dental extraction. This study examined the role of the mode of delivering postoperative instructions in decreasing the side effects of dental extraction and increasing patient satisfaction after the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted on a population of 120 patients presenting to the oral and maxillofacial outpatient clinic affiliated with the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (Shiraz, Iran) in 2015...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Ozge Yahyaoglu, Ozgul Baygin, Gorkem Yahyaoglu, Tamer Tuzuner
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the prevalence of dental fear, the relationship between dental fear and dental caries and the dentist appearance most likely to reduce anxiety among children. In this way, dental treatment could be made more effective by changing the dentist's appearance. STUDY DESIGN: The "Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale" and a questionnaire 'designed to examine the children's preferences for their dentist's appearance', were administered to 810 patients between 6-12 years of age...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
B Buldur, J M Armfield
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop the Turkish version of the Index of Dental Anxiety and Fear (IDAF-4C+ ) and also to explore factors associated with dental anxiety in clinical pediatric dental patients (PDPs). STUDY DESIGN: The study sample consisted of 421 PDPs aged 12-14, 104 of whom were selected for test-retest analysis. The psychometric evaluation included linguistic validity, exploratory factor analysis, reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and test-retest reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient, ICC)...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Marc Schmitter, Alexandra Kares-Vrincianu, Horst Kares, Carolin Malsch, Hans Jürgen Schindler
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the correlation between chronic stress and temporalis muscle activity during four nights. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-four female subjects were recruited in five dental practices located in different areas of the federal state of Saarland, Germany (dental practice network in Saarland). The following inclusion criteria were used: female, aged between 18 and 65, no somatization or depression, and no pain medication, graded chronic pain status < 3...
May 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Zavattini Angelo, Charalambous Polyvios
Managing pain and anxiety in patients has always been an essential part of dentistry. To prevent pain, dentists administer local anaesthesia (LA) via a needle injection. Unfortunately, anxiety and fear that arise prior to and/or during injection remains a barrier for many children and adults from receiving dental treatment. There is a constant search for techniques to alleviate the invasive and painful nature of the needle injection. In recent years, researchers have developed alternative methods which enable dental anaesthesia to be less invasive and more patient-friendly...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Meena Jain, Shourya Tandon, Ankur Sharma, Vishal Jain, Nisha Rani Yadav
Background: An appropriate scale to assess the dental anxiety of Hindi speaking population is lacking. This study, therefore, aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of Hindi version of one of the oldest dental anxiety scale, Corah's Dental Anxiety Scale (CDAS) in Hindi speaking Indian adults. Methods: A total of 348 subjects from the outpatient department of a dental hospital in India participated in this cross-sectional study. The scale was cross-culturally adapted by forward and backward translation, committee review and pretesting method...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
Diana Aboytes, Christina Calleros
Purpose: The purpose of this pilot study was to assess whether practicing with a cotton-tipped applicator as compared to a new training device had an effect on the anxiety levels of dental hygiene students prior to administering and receiving their first intraoral injection for local anesthesia. Methods: This pilot study used a convenience sample of senior dental hygiene students from an entry-level Bachelor degree dental hygiene program. Participants completed a pre-test survey after watching a video demonstrating the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) injection technique to determine anxiety levels regarding administering and receiving an intraoral injection...
April 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Zahra Jamali, Ebrahim Najafpour, Ziya Ebrahim Adhami, Alireza Sighari Deljavan, Naser Asl Aminabadi, Sajjad Shirazi
The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of treatment duration on children's behavior and/or anxiety in the dental setting. To this end, a systematic search was conducted in Pubmed/Medline and Scopus from 1970 to march 2017 for English language articles that assessed the relationship between dental treatment duration or length, and fear/anxiety or behavior in children aged <12 with no confounding medical and/or psychological history and neuro-psychiatric disabilities. Four studies investigating the effect of treatment duration on children's behavior during and/or after treatment were included...
2018: Journal of Dental Research, Dental Clinics, Dental Prospects
Nadica Pop-Jordanova, Olivera Sarakinova, Maja Pop-Stefanova-Trposka, Efka Zabokova-Bilbilova, Emilija Kostadinovska
BACKGROUND: Fear of the dentist and dental treatment is a common problem. It can cause treatment difficulties for the practitioner, as well as severe consequences for the patient. As is known, the level of stress can be evaluated thought electrodermal activity, cortisol measure in saliva, or indirectly by psychometric tests. AIM: The present study examined the psychological influence of dental interventions on the child as well as coping patterns used for stress diminution...
April 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Helen R Chapman, Nick Kirby-Turner
Dental fear/anxiety is a widely recognised problem affecting a large proportion of the population. It can result in avoidance and/or difficulty accepting dental care. We believe that psychological intrusion may play a role in the aetiology and maintenance of dental fear for at least some individuals. In this narrative review we will take a developmental perspective in order to understand its impact across the lifespan. We will consider the nature of 'self,' parenting styles, the details of intrusive parenting or parental psychological control, and briefly touch upon child temperament and parental anxiety...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Sudeep Acharya, Sandhya Joshi, Amita Pradhan
BACKGROUND: Evidences on dental anxiety scale are essential in dental practice for better service delivery. The main objective of this study was to determine the anxiety level of patients undergoing oral surgical procedures and explore its associated factors. METHODS: This was a cross sectional study enrolling 142 patients. Semi structured questionnaire based on Corah's dental anxiety scale was prepared and administered to gather information. Descriptive statistics, chi- square test and independent t- test were used to analyze the data...
March 13, 2018: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Samuel Oh, Karl Kingsley
BACKGROUND: Ketamine has been used as a safe and effective sedative to treat adults and children exhibiting high levels of anxiety or fear during dental treatment. Pediatric dentistry often involves patients with high levels of anxiety and fear and possibly few positive dental experiences. Patient management can involve behavioral approaches, as well as the use of sedation or general anesthesia with a variety of agents, including midazolam, diazepam, hydroxyzine, meperidine, and ketamine...
May 2018: Compendium of Continuing Education in Dentistry
Stefano Cianetti, Iosief Abraha, Stefano Pagano, Eleonora Lupatelli, Guido Lombardo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness and degree of acceptance by children and adolescents of the use of oscillating tips compared with rotating drills. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cochrane Library and Web of Science (October 2017). ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Controlled randomised or non-randomised trials that evaluated sonic and ultrasonic oscillating devices versus rotating drill...
April 28, 2018: BMJ Open
T Katanec, S Singh, M Majstorovic, I Klaric, N G Herman, A M Moursi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to differentiate anxious from nonanxious adolescents and evaluate gender differences in anxiety with respect to previous negative dental and medical experiences. The purpose was also to evaluate a causative relationship between child medical fear and dental anxiety. STUDY DESIGN: This study sampled 113 Croatian adolescents from 15 to18 years of age. Children's Fear Survey Schedule - Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) was used for the assessment of child dental anxiety regarding visits to the dentist and receiving dental treatment...
April 26, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Hughes, R J M Knevel, D R Radford
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to explore United Kingdom (UK) and Australian (Aus) dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS) perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education. Upon qualification, DHDTS in the UK register as dental therapists (DT), and in Australia, they register as Oral Health Therapists (OHT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA) in the UK and La Trobe Rural Health School in Australia...
April 25, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Yuejia Deng, Ge Feng, Bo Hu, Yunchun Kuang, Jinlin Song
BACKGROUND: Caries in primary teeth hinder the child to bite and chew and influence their development. Papacarie has the characteristics of selective removal of decayed tissue and can preserve healthy dentine to the maximum, but its efficiency has not been critically evaluated compared to conventional method. AIM: This review is aiming at comparing the Papacarie and traditional method in caries removal in primary dental caries with children. DESIGN: Comprehensive literature searching at PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and Web of Science to January 2018...
April 23, 2018: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry
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