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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325532/effectiveness-of-binaural-beats-in-reducing-preoperative-dental-anxiety
#1
B K Isik, A Esen, B Büyükerkmen, A Kilinç, D Menziletoglu
Binaural beats are an auditory illusion perceived when two different pure-tone sine waves are presented one to each ear at a steady intensity and frequency. We evaluated their effectiveness in reducing preoperative anxiety in dentistry. Sixty patients (30 in each group) who were to have impacted third molars removed were studied (experimental group: 20 women and 10 men, mean (range) age 24 (18-35) years, and control group: 22 women and 8 men, mean (range) age 28 (15-47) years). All patients were fully informed about the operation preoperatively, and their anxiety recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS)...
March 18, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300520/hypnosis-as-a-valuable-tool-for-surgical-procedures-in-the-oral-and-maxillofacial-area
#2
Gil Montenegro, Luiza Alves, Ana Luiza Zaninotto, Denise Pinheiro Falcão, Rivadávio Fernandes Batista de Amorim
Hypnosis is a valuable tool in the management of patients who undergo surgical procedures in the maxillofacial complex, particularly in reducing and eliminating pain during surgery and aiding patients who have dental fear and are allergic to anesthesia. This case report demonstrates the efficacy of hypnosis in mitigating anxiety, bleeding, and pain during dental surgery without anesthesia during implant placement of tooth 14, the upper left first molar.
April 2017: American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298978/can-galvanic-skin-conductance-be-used-as-an-objective-indicator-of-children-s-anxiety-in-the-dental-setting
#3
Ebrahim Najafpour, Naser Asl-Aminabadi, Sara Nuroloyuni, Zahra Jamali, Sajjad Shirazi
BACKGROUND: Assessment of procedural distress is essential at assisting children during invasive dental treatments. This study aimed to determine the validity and reliability of galvanic skin response as a measure for assessment of dental anxiety in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 151 children, aged 5-7 years, participated in this study. Similar dental treatments were rendered to all subjects. At the beginning and end of the session, modified child dental anxiety scale (MCDAS), clinical anxiety rating scale (CARS) and galvanic skin response (GSR) were used to determine children's anxiety...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288299/comparison-between-positive-dental-images-and-neutral-images-in-managing-anticipatory-anxiety-of-children
#4
Dalia O Kamel, Nadia A Wahba, Dalia M Talaat
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of positive images versus neutral images on child behavior during dental treatment and their dental anxiety after dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty, 4 to 6 year old healthy pediatric dental patients, indicated for pulpotomy and stainless steel crown restorations, were divided randomly into two equal groups. Group I (experimental group viewed positive dental images and group II (control group) viewed neutral cartoon images prior to treatment...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281629/is-the-current-usage-of-dental-general-anaesthetic-appropriate
#5
J S Lau
Ten years on: Is dental general anaesthesia in childhood a risk factor for caries and anxiety?
March 10, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277734/death-anxiety-and-its-relationship-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#6
Rachel E Menzies, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
The studies presented in this article explored the relevance of death fears to Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). In Study 1, the relationships between death anxiety and a variety of markers of psychopathology were examined in 171 treatment-seeking participants with OCD. Moderate to large correlations between Collett-Lester Fear of Death scale scores, taken at initial assessment, and clinical ratings of OCD severity, number of hospitalizations, number of medications, and total number of lifetime anxiety-related diagnoses identified in structured diagnostic interviews were obtained...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275796/-influential-factors-of-dental-anxiety-among-dental-implantation-patients
#7
Yang Chen, Min Liu
PURPOSE: To explore the influential factors and of dental anxiety among dental implantation patients. METHODS: We conducted a dental anxiety survey in 226 patients, and analyzed the relationship of different factors with dental anxiety, including education, age, gender, number of implantation, systematic diseases, and analyzed source of dental anxiety. SPSS 17.0 software package was used for data analysis. RESULTS: Education, number of implantation, systematic diseases were the influential factors for dental anxiety...
December 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274051/effectiveness-of-two-topical-anaesthetic-agents-used-along-with-audio-visual-aids-in-paediatric-dental-patients
#8
Nidhi Agarwal, Jayata Dhawan, Dipanshu Kumar, Ashish Anand, Karan Tangri
INTRODUCTION: Topical anaesthetic agents enable pain free intraoral procedures, symptomatic pain relief for toothache, superficial mucosal lesions and pain related to post extraction time. Most common anxiety provoking and fearful experience for children in dental operatory is administration of local anaesthesia because on seeing the needle, children usually become uncooperative. One of recent trend of behaviour management technique is using non-aversive techniques out of which audiovisual distraction has emerged as a very successful technique for managing children in dental settings...
January 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266046/development-of-dental-anxiety-in-schoolchildren-a-2-year-prospective-study
#9
Fernanda C Soares, Rodrigo A Lima, Mauro V G de Barros, Göran Dahllöf, Viviane Colares
AIM: To assess the development of high dental anxiety and the factors that are associated with it over a 2-year period. DESIGN: This longitudinal study focused on 416 Brazilian children aged 5-7 years over 2 years. Interviews were conducted with the children's parents to investigate the children's health-related behaviours. Additionally, the children's dental caries experience was clinically evaluated to obtain information about DMFT/dmft (decayed, filled and missing teeth) indices...
March 7, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259334/nonpharmacologic-intervention-on-the-prevention-of-pain-and-anxiety-during-pediatric-dental-care-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Marília Leão Goettems, Eduardo Jung Zborowski, Francine Dos Santos Costa, Vanessa Polina Pereira Costa, Dione Dias Torriani
BACKGROUND: Nonpharmacologic interventions may be used to reduce fear and anxiety during dental treatment. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review trials on the effect of nonpharmacologic interventions in behavior, anxiety, and pain perception in children undergoing dental treatment. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and CINAHL, Google Scholar, and studies' reference lists. PARTICIPANTS AND INTERVENTIONS: Studies performed with children and adolescents that evaluated the effect of interventions on children's behavior, anxiety, and pain perception during dental treatment were included...
March 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259314/self-reported-dental-anxiety-is-associated-with-both-state-anxiety-and-dental-procedure-related-pain
#11
Lisa J Heaton
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Association between anxiety and pain in dental treatment: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lin CS, Wu SY, Yi CA. J Dent Res 2016;November 14:0022034516678168. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan (103-2314-B-010-025-MY3). TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Systematic review with meta-analysis of data.
March 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258263/evaluation-of-the-role-of-music-as-a-nonpharmacological-technique-in-management-of-child-patients
#12
Neha Gupta, Himanshu Gupta, Prahlad Gupta, Nidhi Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Behavior management and reducing anxiety and pain are very important for success of treatment. Hence, apart from pharmacological management, such as conscious sedation, nonpharmacological interventions like music play a significant role. This study aims to evaluate the effects of music in reducing anxiety, pain, and behavior management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the Department of Pedodontics in 2015. It consisted of 60 patients, age ranging from 3 to 7 years, who required dental treatment with local anesthesia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251175/translation-and-validation-of-modified-dental-anxiety-scale-the-nepali-version
#13
Jamal Giri, Prabhat Ranjan Pokharel, Rajesh Gyawali, Bhushan Bhattarai
Introduction. For proper management of anxious dental patients it is imperative to assess their levels of dental anxiety before treatment. Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is the most commonly used questionnaire to assess dental anxiety. But a Nepali version of MDAS is still lacking. Hence, the objective of this study was to develop a reliable and valid Nepali version of MDAS. Materials and Methods. The English version of the MDAS was translated into Nepali following a forward and backward translation process...
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#14
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202072/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-mini-and-conventional-implant-retained-dentures-on-the-function-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-an-edentulous-mandible
#15
Sarra Jawad, Craig Barclay, William Whittaker, Martin Tickle, Tanya Walsh
BACKGROUND: Total tooth loss (edentulism) can be a debilitating condition, impacting on ability to chew, speak and interact with others. The most common treatment is with complete removable dentures, which may be successful, but in the lower jaw, bone resorption that worsens over time makes denture-wearing difficult. Two dental implants in the mandible to retain the lower denture has been advocated as the gold standard of treatment, but has not been universally provided due largely to financial constraints and also patient fear...
February 15, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128662/salivary-alpha-amylase-dental-anxiety-and-extraction-pain-a-pilot-study
#16
Kevin C Lee, Jennifer P Bassiur
The primary intention of this study was to determine whether salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) factors or the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was a better predictor of dental extraction pain. This study followed a cross-sectional design and included a convenience sample (n = 23) recruited from an outpatient oral surgery clinic. While waiting for their scheduled appointments, consenting patients completed both basic demographic/medical history questionnaires and Corah's DAS as well as submitted sublingual saliva samples...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127013/can-intravenous-conscious-sedation-with-midazolam-be-effective-at-facilitating-surgical-dentistry-in-adolescent-orthodontic-patients-a-service-evaluation
#17
A J Stamp, M L Dorman, C R Vernazza, G Deeming, C Reid, K E Wilson, N M Girdler
Background Surgical dentistry during orthodontic care often occurs in adolescence and may involve surgical removal or exposure of teeth. The invasive nature of treatment, combined with dental anxiety, means care can often be provided under general anaesthesia (GA). Best-practice guidelines however endorse conscious sedation as an alternative, where appropriate. Although a limited number of studies have shown safe and effective use of intravenous conscious sedation (IVCS) with midazolam in this cohort, robust evidence to support routine use is lacking...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127002/perceived-stress-and-well-being-among-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#18
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Holmes, D R Radford
Aims To explore dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS') perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education and establish base-line data for further studies of this group of dental professionals.Subjects and methods A questionnaire was distributed to Years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS and final year outreach dental students (DS) (as a comparison group), at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA), during summer 2015. Data were collected on students' perception of levels of stress and well-being...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110919/effect-of-topical-anesthesia-on-pain-from-needle-insertion-and-injection-and-its-relationship-with-anxiety-in-patients-awaiting-apical-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#19
Sin-Yeon Cho, Euiseong Kim, Sung-Ho Park, Byoung-Duck Roh, Chan-Young Lee, Seung-Jong Lee, Il-Young Jung
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to simultaneously investigate the effects of topical anesthesia on needle insertion and injection pain in the labial mucosa of the maxillary central incisors of patients awaiting apical surgery and to assess the relationship between patients' anxiety and pain scores. METHODS: Forty-four patients scheduled for apical surgery of the maxillary anterior incisor or canine were included, and all completed the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) questionnaire...
March 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106507/association-between-anxiety-and-pain-in-dental-treatment
#20
C-S Lin, S-Y Wu, C-A Yi
Accumulating evidence has revealed that dental anxiety (DA), as a dispositional factor toward the dental situation, is associated with the state anxiety (SA) and pain related to dental procedures. However, conclusions from individual studies may be limited by the treatment procedures that patients received, the tools used to assess DA, or the treatment stages when anxiety or pain was assessed. It is unclear whether DA, at the study level, accounts for the variance in pretreatment SA. The impact of DA and SA on pain at different treatment stages has not been systematically investigated...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Research
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