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dental anxiety

Vincenzo Campanella, Antonio Libonati, Roberto Nardi, Vincenzo Angotti, Gianni Gallusi, Edoardo Montemurro, Maurizio D'Amario, Giuseppe Marzo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to compare an electronic device, the Wand Injection System (Milestone Scientific Livingstone), with conventional anesthesia in terms of the following: pain sensation during anesthetic injection; effectiveness in achieving adequate anesthesia for a complete painless dental treatment; post-operative discomfort; and patient's anxiety toward dental treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty adults from 18 to 70 years were enrolled in this cross-over study...
March 10, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Maha A Bahammam
OBJECTIVE: This prospective randomized clinical trial was conducted to determine whether the application of a platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) palatal bandage after harvesting free gingival grafts (FGG) would improve healing of donor sites and decrease pain scores and patient discomfort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients received FGG to augment keratinized tissue dimensions. The application of a PRF bandage was decided randomly (n = 12 in each group). Patients reported their pain levels for the first 7 days of healing using the visual analog scale (VAS), 101-point numerical rating scale (NRS-101), and 4-point verbal rating scale (VRS-4)...
March 9, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Romina Brignardello-Petersen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Andrew Henry, William Buchbinder, Simriti Chaudhry, Mana Saraghi, Neeraj Panchal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: General Dentistry
Jason Hyde, Sara Fowler, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Mike Beck
INTRODUCTION: Recent studies have investigated the relationship between pain perception and specific phenotypes such as red hair color and various eye colors. Further investigations into biomarkers as they relate to pain could be useful in understanding underlying genetic components involved in these pathways. Additionally, it would be clinically useful to determine if a patient would be more likely to experience pain during dental treatment based on eye color. The purpose of this study was to investigate a link between eye color and perceived injection pain in healthy, asymptomatic white women...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Donald L Chi, Peter Milgrom, Jane Gillette
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use qualitative methods to describe the key lessons learned during the stakeholder engagement stage of planning a randomized clinical trial comparing outcomes of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as an alternative to pit-and-fissure sealants in a school-based delivery system. Methods: Eighteen caregivers and community-based stakeholders with involvement in the school-based sealant program Sealants for Smiles from the state of Montana, were recruited for this qualitative study...
February 2018: Journal of Dental Hygiene: JDH
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Vasiliki P Koidou, Scott Lunos, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare the survival rates of implant and root canal treatment as well as to investigate the effect of patient and tooth related variables on the treatment outcome in a large-scale population-based study. METHODS: Dental records of patients who received root canal treatment and implant therapy were retrieved from the electronic records of the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry. Demographic characteristics, dental insurance status, socioeconomic status as well as medical history and tobacco use were recorded...
February 27, 2018: Journal of Dentistry
Cai Zhang, Dan Qin, Lu Shen, Ping Ji, Jinhua Wang
OBJECTIVES: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis on the effects of audiovisual distraction on reducing dental anxiety in children during dental treatment under local anesthesia. METHODS: The authors identified eligible reports published through August 2017 by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Clinical trials that reported the effects of audiovisual distraction on children's physiological measures, self-reports and behavior rating scales during dental treatment met the minimum inclusion requirements...
March 2, 2018: Oral Diseases
Ramon Targino Firmino, Carolina Castro Martins, Larissa Dos Santos Faria, Saul Martins Paiva, Ana Flávia Granville-Garcia, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, Fernanda Morais Ferreira
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the association of oral health literacy (OHL) with oral health behaviors, perception, knowledge, and dental treatment related outcomes. METHODS: Eight electronic databases were searched up until June 2017. Studies regarding the aforementioned outcomes measuring OHL through a validated instrument and in which OHL was an explanatory variable were included. Two independent reviewers selected studies, extracted data, and analyzed the risk of bias of the studies...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Alessandro Mangano, Matteo Beretta, Giuseppe Luongo, Carlo Mangano, Francesco Mangano
Objective: The objective of the present study was to compare patients' acceptability, comfort and stress with conventional and digital impressions. Materials and Methods: Thirty young orthodontic patients (15 males and 15 females) who had no previous experience of impressions were enrolled in this study. Conventional impressions for orthodontic study models of the dental arches were taken using an alginate impression material (Hydrogum® , Zhermack Spa, Badia Polesine, Rovigo, Italy)...
2018: Open Dentistry Journal
Surekha Ramrao Rathod, Abhay Kolte, Tony Shori, Vishal Kher
Introduction: Mini-clinical examination (mini-CEX) is a new assessment tool that observes the student using a standard rating form. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and usefulness of the mini-CEX as an assessment and feedback tool in the postgraduate setting in periodontology. Materials and Methods: Eight postgraduate students and two evaluators were included in this study carried out for 4 months during which the students were made to appear for four encounters evaluated on a standardized nine-point Likert scale...
September 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Brittany L Ko, John H Unkel
Moyamoya disease (MMD) is a rare cerebrovascular disorder involving progressive constriction of the internal carotid artery and its branches. The disease has a particularly aggressive course in very young patients, and early surgical intervention is often necessary to prevent permanent neurological damage. MMD patients have an increased risk of stroke development, which may be provoked by pain or anxiety. Currently, no reports of pediatric patients with MMD exist in the dental literature. The purpose of this paper was to discuss the dental management of a two-year-old with moyamoya disease who presented with early childhood caries and dental fear, offering recommendations for dental providers with emphasis on stroke prevention, collaboration with the medical team, anesthesia considerations for patients with increased stroke risk, and the challenges to maintain the oral health of a patient undergoing complex medical treatment...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Dentistry
S H Le, K Tonami, S Umemori, L T-B Nguyen, L T-Q Ngo, S Mataki
An objective method to recognize patient psychology using heart rate variability (HRV) has recently been developed and is increasingly being used in medical practice. This study compared the potential of this new method with the use of conventional surveys measuring anxiety levels in patients undergoing impacted third molar (ITM) surgery. Patient anxiety was examined before treatment in 64 adults who required ITM surgery, using two methods: measurement of HRV and conventional questionnaire surveys (state section of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-S) and Dental Fear Survey (DFS))...
February 22, 2018: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
A Holden
Background The ability of the dental profession to self-regulate and address poor performance or impairment is crucial if practitioners are to demonstrate a public commitment to patient safety. Failure of the profession to actively engage in this activity is likely to call into question trustworthiness and ability to place the interests of patients and the public first.Aim To investigate attitudes towards self-regulation and the raising of concerns as expressed through the ethical codes of different dental professional and regulatory organisations...
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
R Ferdeghini, D Lauritano, A Tagliabue, L Tettamanti
Anxiety and worry are important components that affect the patient’s behaviour during dental sessions and influence the effectiveness of dental treatment. Psychological approach and hypnotic approach (HA) have in recent years assumed increasing prominence as effective treatment regimes. Dentists have used a number of methods in the management of dental phobic disorders through HA. However the efficacy of HA in controlling anxiety and worry is controversial. The aim of the present study is to describe the response of patient to HA during dental treatment...
January 2018: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents
Vanaja Krishna Naik, Aruna Balasundaram, Devapriya Appukuttan, Deepavalli Arumuga Nainar, Michael Robert Milward, Dhayanand John Victor, Mohammed Junaid
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare preprocedural dental anxiety levels and postprocedural pain perception in chronic periodontitis patients during conventional-staged root surface debridement (RSD) and single-stage RSD. Materials and Methods: Thirty-seven adult generalized chronic periodontitis patients requiring RSD were recruited in this study. Preprocedural anxiety levels were assessed using a self-reported questionnaire and postprocedural pain perceptions were assessed using 0-10 cm visual analog scale...
January 2018: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
Rajesh Hosadurga, Tenneti Shanti, Shashikanth Hegde, Rajesh Shankar Kashyap, Suryanarayan Maiya Arunkumar
Background: In developing nations like India awareness and education about dental implants as a treatment modality is still scanty. Aim: The study was conducted to determine the awareness, knowledge, and attitude of patients toward dental implants as a treatment modality among the general population and to assess the influence of personality characteristics on accepting dental implants as a treatment modality in general and as well as treatment group. Materials and Methods: A structured questionnaire-based survey was conducted on 500 randomly selected participants attending the outpatient department...
July 2017: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
Tracy Liu, Raghu Lingam, Kate Lycett, Fiona K Mensah, Joshua Muller, Harriet Hiscock, Md Hamidul Huque, Melissa Wake
OBJECTIVE: To estimate prevalence and persistence of 19 common paediatric conditions from infancy to 14-15 years. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Parallel cohorts assessed biennially from 2004 to 2014 from ages 0-1 and 4-5 years to 10-11 and 14-15 years, respectively, in the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: 19 health conditions: 17 parent-reported, 2 (overweight/obesity, obesity) directly assessed...
February 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
Anjali Mago, Michael I MacEntee, Mario Brondani, James Frankish
OBJECTIVES: To reveal and describe from open-ended interviews how homeless people in Vancouver interpret, appraise and cope with dental care. METHODS: Audio-recorded interviews with 25 homeless people (18 men and 7 women; age range: 25-64 years), purposefully selected for a range of experiences, were transcribed and analysed inductively. The process of interpretive description drawing from the Behavioral Model for Vulnerable Populations and Lazarus's Theory of Emotions identified how participants appraised and coped with dental care...
February 15, 2018: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
Nadeem Jeddy, S Nithya, T Radhika, Nafisa Jeddy
Background: Dental treatment still remains as one of the most anxious visits despite awareness between dentists and patients in building trusting relationships. The fear of dental treatment determines the frequency of treatment availed with long-term implications in oral health maintenance. Aim: This study aims to estimate prevalence, extent, and factors influencing dental anxiety in a sample of the adult population visiting a private dental hospital in Chennai, India...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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