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dental anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074339/factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-in-brazilian-children-during-the-first-transitional-period-of-the-mixed-dentition
#1
K A Barreto, L D K T Dos Prazeres, D S M Lima, F C Soares, R M M P Redivivo, C da Franca, V Colares
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in children during the first transitional period of the mixed dentition and associated factors. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study was performed with 1367 children of both genders aged 6-7 years old conducted in schools in Recife, Brazil in 2013. The data were collected through interviews and intra-oral examinations. Dental anxiety data were obtained using the dental anxiety questionnaire (DAQ). The associated factors considered were: age, gender, social group, child's experience with the dentist, history of dental pain, experience of caries and phase of exfoliation...
January 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067923/-a-phd-completed-8-are-extreme-dental-treatment-anxiety-fainting-or-gagging-separate-or-overlapping-phenomena
#2
C M H H van Houtem
Extreme dental treatment anxiety, fainting or gagging in the dentist's chair can seriously hinder a patient's dental treatment. While a series of widely diverse studies on extreme dental treatment anxiety have been carried out, less is known about gagging and fainting. The most important questions in this dissertation research were whether dental treatment anxiety ('stimuli') can be identified and whether dental treatment anxiety and fainting or gagging are separate or overlapping phenomena. Fear of dental treatment can be divided into several subtypes: fear of invasive treatments, loss of control and aversive physical sensations...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059446/elimination-of-pain-improves-specificity-of-clinical-diagnostic-criteria-for-adult-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#3
Scott D Hirsch, Evan R Reiter, Laurence J DiNardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A Schuman
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the elimination of pain improves accuracy of clinical diagnostic criteria for adult chronic rhinosinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: History, symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomography (CT) results were analyzed for 1,186 adults referred to an academic otolaryngology clinic with presumptive diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. Clinical diagnosis was rendered using the 1997 Rhinosinusitis Taskforce (RSTF) Guidelines and a modified version eliminating facial pain, ear pain, dental pain, and headache...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052213/children-s-responses-to-sensory-stimuli-and-their-behavior-in-the-dental-office
#4
Sagit Nissan, Aviva Yochman, Sigalit Blumer, Johnny Kharouba, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate children's behavior during dental examinations, their reactions to various selected sensory stimuli and the association between them. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-three children (28 boys and 35 girls) aged 5-12 years (mean age 7.9 ± 1.6 years) participated in the study. Their parents were asked to complete a questionnaire while in the dentist's waiting room. The dentists evaluated the children's behavior in the dental office using Frankl's behavioral scale and noted the children's reactions to the sensory stimuli of touch, noise, smell and backward tilting of the examination chair...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#5
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045311/dental-fear-in-italy-what-is-going-on
#6
L Paglia
If your young patient doesn't feel comfortable and thinks something dreadful is going to happen when he comes to your office, maybe he will develop dental fear. Nowadays, children and teenagers' strong negative emotions related to dental treatment are defined as "Dental Fear and Anxiety" (DFA). Since DFA can result in children's avoidance or delay in undergoing dental visits, this problem represents a relevant social barrier as important as other well-known factors like low family income or parental education...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042430/experimental-protocol-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-the-role-of-anxiety-and-the-use-of-nitrogen-oxide
#7
A Rosa, M Miranda, R Franco, M G Guarino, A Barlattani, P Bollero
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to the medical and dental community, but with a growing rate of hospitalization over the years. HAE is due to a deficit/dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor which leads to an increase in vascular permeability and the appearance of edemas widespread in all body areas. The airways are the most affected and laryngeal swelling, which can occur, it is dangerous for the patient's life, is also a sensitive spot in our daily practice, therefore, it is also important to be aware of all the signs of this disease...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042274/effectiveness-of-behavioral-modification-techniques-with-visual-distraction-using-intrasulcular-local-anesthesia-in-hearing-disabled-children-during-pulp-therapy
#8
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Hisham El Batawi
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in combination with visual distraction with/without video eyewear using computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in hearing-impaired pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, crossover clinical study includes 15 children (7 boys and 8 girls), mean age was 6.1 years. Children were randomly distributed into two groups (Group A, n = 7; Group B, n = 8)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036120/associations-of-pain-intensity-and-pain-related-disability-with-psychological-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-specialized-dental-clinic
#9
Naichuan Su, Frank Lobbezoo, Arjen van Wijk, Geert J M G van der Heijden, Corine M Visscher
The study assessed whether psychological and socio-demographic factors, including somatization, depression, stress, anxiety, daytime sleepiness, optimism, gender and age are associated with pain intensity and pain-related disability in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). In total, 320 TMD patients were involved in the study. The psychological status of each patient was assessed with questionnaires, including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), stress questionnaire, and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032045/stress-and-professional-burnout-among-newly-graduated-dentists
#10
Suhas Kulkarni, Namrata Dagli, Prabu Duraiswamy, Harshit Desai, Himanshu Vyas, Kusai Baroudi
BACKGROUND: Dentists encounter numerous professional stressful situations, beginning from education to day-to-day practice. The resulting stress tends to have a negative impact on their personal as well as professional lives. OBJECTIVES: To measure daily burnout, and to investigate the extent of expectations from dental career and the feeling of being unqualified new dental practitioner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A close-ended questionnaire, i...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001246/validation-and-invariance-of-the-dental-anxiety-scale-in-a-brazilian-sample
#11
Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the properties of the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) when applied to Brazilian adults and to test its invariance across independent samples and different sociodemographic groups. Sociodemographic data, reports on previous unpleasant dental experiences and DAS responses were collected through telephone interviews. Metric properties of the one and two-factor models were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The analysis included the chi-square ratio divided by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI) and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)...
December 22, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994412/a-comparative-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-oral-alprazolam-as-premedication-on-vital-parameters-of-patients-during-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars
#12
Sanjay Joshi, Arsalan Shakil Ahmed Ansari, Sima Mazumdar, Sidra Ansari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and monitor the changes in vital parameters of patients during surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: This was an in vivo study conducted in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Terna Dental College. Sixty patients were randomly selected. Thirty patients were given a preoperative single dose of oral tablet alprazolam 0.5 mg as premedication (test group), whereas the other thirty were treated without any premedication (control group)...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973936/recovery-profile-and-patient-satisfaction-after-ambulatory-anesthesia-for-dental-treatment-a-crossover-comparison-between-propofol-and-sevoflurane
#13
Keita Ohkushi, Ken-Ichi Fukuda, Yoshihiko Koukita, Yuzuru Kaneko, Tatsuya Ichinohe
The purpose of this study was to determine which anesthetic was preferable for ambulatory anesthesia: propofol alone or sevoflurane alone. A crossover study was performed to compare the recovery profile and patient satisfaction after 2 anesthesia methods. Twenty healthy patients with severe anxiety toward dental treatment undergoing 2 sessions of day-case dental treatment received either propofol or sevoflurane anesthesia. The order of these methods was randomized. The depths of anesthesia were kept constant using bispectral index (BIS) monitoring...
2016: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965833/protocol-for-a-feasibility-study-of-a-self-help-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-resource-for-the-reduction-of-dental-anxiety-in-young-people
#14
Zoe Marshman, Annie Morgan, Jenny Porritt, Ekta Gupta, Sarah Baker, Cathy Creswell, Tim Newton, Katherine Stevens, Christopher Williams, Suneeta Prasad, Jennifer Kirby, Helen Rodd
BACKGROUND: Childhood dental anxiety is very common, with 10-20 % of children and young people reporting high levels of dental anxiety. It is distressing and has a negative impact on the quality of life of young people and their parents as well as being associated with poor oral health. Affected individuals may develop a lifelong reliance on general anaesthetic or sedation for necessary dental treatment thus requiring the support of specialist dental services. Children and young people with dental anxiety therefore require additional clinical time and can be costly to treat in the long term...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956057/sedative-analgesic-activity-of-remifentanil-and-effects-of-preoperative-anxiety-on-perceived-pain-in-outpatient-mandibular-third-molar-surgery
#15
A C Torun, M Z Yilmaz, N Ozkan, B Ustun, E Koksal, C Kaya
The aim of this study was to assess the sedative-analgesic activity of different doses of remifentanil and effects of preoperative anxiety on intraoperative pain levels in patients attending a dental clinic. The patients (n=60) were divided into two groups according to the remifentanil infusion dose given: group R1: 0.05μg/kg/min; group R2: 0.1μg/kg/min. The following were evaluated: haemodynamic parameters, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) TX-I score, pain level due to local anaesthesia injection, time to reach a Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS) score of 3, amount of bolus dose, total drug consumption, recovery period, patient and surgeon satisfaction, and complications...
December 9, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918733/how-could-multimedia-information-about-dental-implant-surgery-effects-patients-anxiety-level
#16
H-O Kazancioglu, A-S Dahhan, A-H Acar
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the effects of different patient education techniques on patients' anxiety levels before and after dental implant surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients were randomized into three groups; each contained 20 patients; [group 1, basic information given verbally, with details of operation and recovery; group 2 (study group), basic information given verbally with details of operative procedures and recovery, and by watching a movie on single implant surgery]; and a control group [basic information given verbally "but it was devoid of the details of the operative procedures and recovery"]...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918731/effects-of-passiflora-incarnata-and-midazolam-for-control-of-anxiety-in-patients-undergoing-dental-extraction
#17
L-P Dantas, A de Oliveira-Ribeiro, L-M de Almeida-Souza, F-C Groppo
BACKGROUND: Anxiety symptoms are frequently observed in dental patients, whether they are undergoing simple or more invasive procedures such as surgery. This research aimed to compare the effects of Passiflora incarnata and midazolam for the control of anxiety in patients undergoing mandibular third molar extraction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty volunteers underwent bilateral extraction of their mandibular third molars in a randomized, controlled, double-blind, crossover clinical trial...
January 1, 2017: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugía Bucal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891450/age-and-environment-determined-children-s-preference-towards-dentist-attire-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Dhanalakshmi Ravikumar, Deepa Gurunathan, Shanmugaavel Karthikeyan, Emg Subbramanian, Victor A Samuel
INTRODUCTION: The attire of the dentist has an influence on child's behaviour in dental setup. Recent research has shown that the children have preferences towards the outfit worn by the dentist. AIM: The aim of the study was to determine the preference of children towards dentists' attire based on various age groups and environment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 534 children aged between 6-11 years participated in the study. Children were divided into three groups based on their age as younger, middle and older age groups...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886431/music-interventions-for-dental-anxiety
#19
Joke Bradt, Aaron Teague
Anxiety is a significant issue in the dental care of adults and children. Dental anxiety often leads to avoidance of dental care which may result in significant deterioration of oral and dental health. Nonpharmacological anxiety management interventions such as music listening are increasingly used in dental care. Although efficacy for music's anxiolytic effects has been established for pre-operative anxiety, findings regarding the use of music listening for dental anxiety are inconclusive, especially for children...
November 25, 2016: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878824/minimal-intervention-dentistry-for-early-childhood-caries-and-child-dental-anxiety-a-randomised-control-trial
#20
Peter Arrow, Elizabeth Klobas
BACKGROUND: To compare changes in child dental anxiety after treatment for Early Childhood Caries (ECC) using two treatment approaches. METHODS: Children with ECC were randomised to Test (Atraumatic Restorative Treatment, ART-based approach) or Control (standard care approach). Children 3 years or older completed a dental anxiety scale at baseline and follow-up. Changes in child dental anxiety from baseline to follow-up were tested using chi-squared statistic, Wilcoxon's rank-sum test, McNemar's test and multinomial logistic regression...
November 23, 2016: Australian Dental Journal
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