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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932136/assessment-of-anxiety-depression-and-serum-cortisol-level-in-oral-submucous-fibrosis-patients-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#1
Shubhra Kanodia, Vishal Prakash Giri, Om Prakash Giri, M Parvathi Devi, Y Garima
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the anxiety, depression, and serum cortisol level in OSMF patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Outpatient Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Teerthanker Mahaveer Dental College and Research Centre, Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Age- and gender-matched 105 patients were divided into three equal groups as follows: Group 1 - those with areca nut chewing habits and OSMF, Group 2 - those with areca nut chewing habits but no OSMF, and Group 3- those without areca nut chewing habits and without OSMF...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920969/-disease-burden-of-extreme-treatment-anxiety-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-and-without-extreme-dental-treatment-anxiety
#2
J H Vermaire, C M H H van Houtem, J N Ross, A A Schuller
In this study, a comparison was made between disease-specific (oral health-related) quality of life (OHQoL), measured with the OHIP-14 questionnaire, and generic (general health-related) quality of life (GHQoL), measured with the EQ5D-5L questionnaire, in patients with and without extreme dental treatment anxiety. A total of 76 patients who could not be treated due to extreme dental treatment anxiety were referred to a centre for special dentistry. These patients were matched, according to age, gender and socioeconomic status, with participants in an epidemiological study on oral health (n = 1125)...
September 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920112/implant-and-endodontic-treatment-selection-are-influenced-by-patients-demographic-characteristics-insurance-status-and-medical-history-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#3
Georgios S Chatzopoulos, Larry F Wolff
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine any potential association between demographic characteristics, socioeconomic status, dental insurance, and medical and tobacco history between patients that received endodontic treatment or extraction and implant treatment in a university dental clinic. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Dental charts of patients who received root canal treatment and implant therapy were retrieved from the University of Minnesota School of Dentistry records...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904966/the-effect-of-oral-dexmedetomidine-premedication-on-preoperative-cooperation-and-emergence-delirium-in-children-undergoing-dental-procedures
#4
Sultan Keles, Ozlem Kocaturk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to detect the effect of 1 μg/kg of oral dexmedetomidine (DEX) as premedication among children undergoing dental procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 100 children between 2 and 6 years of age, ASA I, who underwent full-mouth dental rehabilitation. The DEX group (n = 50) received 1 μg/kg DEX in apple juice, and the control group (n = 50) received only apple juice. The patients' scores on the Ramsay Sedation Scale (RSS), parental separation anxiety scale, mask acceptance scale, and pediatric anesthesia emergence delirium scale (PAEDS) and hemodynamic parameters were recorded...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903790/virtual-reality-exposure-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-dental-phobia-a-controlled-feasibility-study
#5
Kumar Raghav Gujjar, Arjen van Wijk, Ratika Sharma, Ad de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Virtual reality exposure therapy (VRET) has been used to treat a variety of fears and phobias. AIM: To determine the feasibility (i.e. safety and efficacy) of using VRET to treat dental phobia. METHOD: Safety was evaluated by determining any adverse events or symptom exacerbation. Efficacy of VRET was evaluated by comparing the reduction in dental anxiety scores (measured 16 times within a 14-week study period, and at 6-month follow-up), and its behavioural effects with that of an informational pamphlet (IP) on ten randomized patients with dental phobia using a controlled multiple baseline design...
September 14, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893727/development-of-a-virtual-reality-exposure-tool-as-psychological-preparation-for-elective-pediatric-day-care-surgery-methodological-approach-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Robin Eijlers, Jeroen S Legerstee, Bram Dierckx, Lonneke M Staals, Johan Berghmans, Marc P van der Schroeff, Rene Mh Wijnen, Elisabeth Mwj Utens
BACKGROUND: Preoperative anxiety in children is highly prevalent and is associated with adverse outcomes. Existing psychosocial interventions to reduce preoperative anxiety are often aimed at distraction and are of limited efficacy. Gradual exposure is a far more effective way to reduce anxiety. Virtual reality (VR) provides a unique opportunity to gradually expose children to all aspects of the operating theater. OBJECTIVE: The aims of our study are (1) to develop a virtual reality exposure (VRE) tool to prepare children psychologically for surgery; and (2) to examine the efficacy of the VRE tool in a randomized controlled trial (RCT), in which VRE will be compared to care as usual (CAU)...
September 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883582/factors-associated-with-use-of-general-anaesthesia-for-dental-procedures-among-british-children
#7
A Ramdaw, M T Hosey, E Bernabé
Objectives To assess the demographic, socioeconomic, behavioural and clinical factors associated with use of dental general anaesthesia (DGA) among British children.Methods This study used data from 3053 children who participated in the 2013 Children's Dental Health Survey in England, Wales and Northern Ireland. Data were collected through parental questionnaires and clinical examinations. The crude and adjusted association of demographic (sex, age, ethnicity and country of residence), socioeconomic (socioeconomic classification and area deprivation), behavioural (age toothbrushing started, age when first went to the dentist, usual reason for dental visit and dental anxiety) and clinical factors (numbers of decayed and filled teeth) with DGA was assessed in logistic regression models...
September 8, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879337/hemodynamic-changes-and-pain-perception-related-anxiety-after-experiencing-an-impacted-tooth-removal-clinical-practice-outcome
#8
Somchart Raocharernporn, Kiatanant Boonsiriseth, Manop Khanijou, Natthamet Wongsirichat
BACKGROUND: Dental fear is usually associated with hemodynamic changes. Fear of pain during the surgical removal of a lower impacted third molar might cause patients anxiety, thereby leading to avoidance of any future dental therapy. This study aimed to determine the effect of experiencing a surgical impacted-tooth removal on the pain perception-related anxiety and hemodynamic status. METHODS: Twenty-seven healthy patients aged 15-30 years (mean age, 24 years), for whom surgical removal of bilateral lower third molars was advised, were included...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879336/the-use-of-general-anesthesia-to-facilitate-dental-treatment-in-adult-patients-with-special-needs
#9
REVIEW
Mathew Albert Wei Ting Lim, Gelsomina Lucia Borromeo
General anesthesia is commonly used to facilitate dental treatment in patients with anxiety or challenging behavior, many of whom are children or patients with special needs. When performing procedures under general anesthesia, dental surgeons must perform a thorough pre-operative assessment, as well as ensure that the patients are aware of the potential risks and that informed consent has been obtained. Such precautions ensure optimal patient management and reduce the frequency of morbidities associated with this form of sedation...
June 2017: J Dent Anesth Pain Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879250/dental-care-related-fear-and-anxiety-distress-tolerance-as-a-possible-mechanism
#10
S H Addicks, D W McNeil, C L Randall, A Goddard, L M Romito, C Sirbu, G Kaushal, A Metzger, B D Weaver
Distress tolerance, the degree to which one is able to cope with and endure negative emotional states, has been broadly applied to understand and treat a variety of health (including behavioral) problems, but little is known about its role in oral health care and specifically dental care-related fear and anxiety, making it a novel construct in the oral health care literature. This cross-sectional study examined distress tolerance as a possible predictor of dental fear and anxiety among a sample of adults with and without diagnoses of dental phobia, investigated possible differences in levels of distress tolerance between adults with and without dental phobia, and determined possible associations between distress tolerance and fear of pain, anxiety sensitivity, and depression...
July 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879243/development-and-testing-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-resource-for-children-s-dental-anxiety
#11
J Porritt, H Rodd, A Morgan, C Williams, E Gupta, J Kirby, C Creswell, T Newton, K Stevens, S Baker, S Prasad, Z Marshman
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment for dental anxiety; however, access to therapy is limited. The current study aimed to develop a self-help CBT resource for reducing dental anxiety in children, and to assess the feasibility of conducting a trial to evaluate the treatment efficacy and cost-effectiveness of such an intervention. A mixed methods design was employed. Within phase 1, a qualitative "person-based" approach informed the development of the self-help CBT resource. This also employed guidelines for the development and evaluation of complex interventions...
January 2017: JDR Clinical and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875137/risk-factor-analysis-of-additional-administration-of-sedative-agent-and-patient-dissatisfaction-in-intravenous-conscious-sedation-using-midazolam-for-third-molar-extraction
#12
Dong-Whan Shin, Jin-Yong Cho, Yoon-Sic Han, Hye-Young Sim, Hee-Sun Kim, Da-Un Jung, Ho Lee
OBJECTIVES: The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related with additional administration of sedative agent during intravenous conscious sedation (IVS) using midazolam (MDZ). The secondary purpose was to analyze the factors affecting patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical data for 124 patients who had undergone surgical extraction of mandibular third molar under IVS using MDZ were retrospectively investigated in this case-control study...
August 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863963/a-qualitative-study-of-patients-views-of-techniques-to-reduce-dental-anxiety
#13
Min-Ching Wang, Karen Vinall-Collier, Julia Csikar, Gail Douglas
OBJECTIVES: To explore the fear/anxiety inducing triggers associated with dental treatment, and what dentally anxious adults would like from their dental encounter. METHODS: Two focus-groups and three interviews with fourteen dentally-anxious people were conducted in this qualitative study. All discussions were tape-recorded and transcribed verbatim. Content was categorised by common characteristics to identify underlying themes using thematic analysis. RESULTS: Four themes were identified to bring general meaning within the content: 1...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857237/what-the-child-said-to-the-dentist-a-uk-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
R Yee, L M Jones, M T Hosey
BACKGROUND: The electronic Survey of Anxiety and Information for Dentists (eSAID) allows children to tell dentists about their feelings and coping preferences. It is a computer "quiz" with 26 questions and free-text responses that produces a report for the children that they can then hand to their dentist. This is the first study to report the use of eSAID in a hospital paediatric dental clinic. METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial to evaluate whether children thought that eSAID benefitted them, made them less anxious, and improved cooperation and their treatment satisfaction...
August 30, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840895/the-evaluation-of-a-continuing-professional-development-package-for-primary-care-dentists-designed-to-reduce-stress-build-resilience-and-improve-clinical-decision-making
#15
H R Chapman, S Y Chipchase, R Bretherton
Introduction Stress and burnout are widely accepted as a problem for primary care dental practitioners. Previous programmes to address this issue have met with some success. Burnout is associated with poor coping skills and emotion regulation, and increased rates of clinical errors. Anxiety is associated with poor decision-making and is thought to be associated with poor clinical decision-making. Attempts to improve decision-making use increasing meta-awareness and review of thinking processes. Bibliotherapy is an effective method of delivering cognitive behavioural therapy as self-help or guided self-help (with some therapist input) formats...
August 25, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821522/evidence-of-pharmacological-and-non-pharmacological-interventions-for-the-management-of-dental-fear-in-paediatric-dentistry-a-systematic-review-protocol
#16
Stefano Cianetti, Luigi Paglia, Roberto Gatto, Alessandro Montedori, Eleonora Lupatelli
INTRODUCTION: Several techniques have been proposed to manage dental fear/dental anxiety (DFA) in children and adolescents undergoing dental procedures. To our knowledge, no widely available compendium of therapies to manage DFA exists. We propose a study protocol to assess the evidence regarding pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to relieve dental anxiety in children and adolescents. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: In our systematic review, we will include randomised trials, controlled clinical rials and systematic reviews (SRs) of trials that investigated the effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions to decrease dental anxiety in children and adolescents...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813110/trait-vs-state-anxiety-in-different-threatening-situations
#17
Pollyana Caldeira Leal, Tiago Costa Goes, Luiz Carlos Ferreira da Silva, Flavia Teixeira-Silva
Objective: Anxiety as a uni- or multidimensional construct has been under discussion. The unidimensional approach assumes that there is a general trait anxiety, which predisposes the individuals to increases in state anxiety in various threatening situations. In this case, there should be a correlation between state and trait anxiety in any situation of threat. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between trait and state anxiety in participants exposed to two different anxiogenic situations: interpersonal threat (Video-Monitored Stroop Test - VMST) and physical threat (third molar extraction - TME)...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798450/atraumatic-restorative-treatment-and-minimal-intervention-dentistry
#18
J E Frencken
Too many people worldwide suffer from the consequences of untreated dentine carious lesions. This finding reflects the inability of the currently used traditional mode of treatments to manage such lesions. A change is needed. Dental training institutions should depart from the traditional 'drill and fill' treatments and embrace the holistic oral healthcare approach that is minimal intervention dentistry (MID) and includes within it minimally invasive operative skills. Dental caries is, after all, a preventable disease...
August 11, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791932/relationship-between-anxiety-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-dental-students
#19
Ana Beatriz Fernandes Azevedo, Mariana Barbosa Câmara-Souza, Isabelle de Sousa Dantas, Camila Maria Bastos Machado de Resende, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in dental students and its correlation with anxiety. METHODS: After probability sampling, 105 students were selected. The diagnosis of TMD was carried out using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) - Axis I; the anxiety level was obtained by the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Data from TMD and anxiety were calculated through frequency and Chi-square test to assess the association between TMD and anxiety, considering a significance level of 5%...
August 9, 2017: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791048/specific-central-nervous-system-medications-are-associated-with-temporomandibular-joint-symptoms
#20
John K Drisdale Iii, Monica G Thornhill, Alexandre R Vieira
AIMS: There is evidence of association between bruxism and the increasingly common central nervous system stimulants prescribed for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as well as the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) often prescribed for depression or anxiety. However, the evidence is not clear on whether these medications inducing bruxism are directly associated with temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD). The aim of this work is to evaluate whether these medications are associated with TMD symptoms...
2017: International Journal of Dentistry
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