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dental anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636131/state-trait-and-dental-anxiety-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-disabilities
#1
Roberto Carlos Mourão Pinho, André Cavalcante da Silva Barbosa, Arnaldo de França Caldas-Júnior, Márcia Maria Vendiciano Barbosa Vasconcelos, Renata Cimões, Maria Teresa Botti Rodrigues Dos Santos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare state anxiety, trait anxiety, and dental anxiety in caregivers of patients with special needs and caregivers of pediatric patients without special needs at dental clinics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A quantitative, cross-sectional study was conducted. Data were collected using a semistructured questionnaire. All respondents were older than 18 years of age. Individuals with cognitive impairment and those taking anxiolytics, antidepressants, or sleep-inducing medication were excluded from the study...
June 21, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632910/withdrawn-hypnosis-for-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Sharifa Al-Harasi, Paul F Ashley, David R Moles, Susan Parekh, Val Walters
BACKGROUND: Managing children is a challenge that many dentists face. Many non-pharmacological techniques have been developed to manage anxiety and behavioural problems in children, such us: 'tell, show & do', positive reinforcement, modelling and hypnosis. The use of hypnosis is generally an overlooked area, hence the need for this review. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review attempted to answer the question: What is the effectiveness of hypnosis (with or without sedation) for behaviour management of children who are receiving dental care in order to allow successful completion of treatment?Null hypothesis: Hypnosis has no effect on the outcome of dental treatment of children...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630646/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-psychosomatic-problems-in-dental-settings
#3
REVIEW
Hirofumi Matsuoka, Itsuo Chiba, Yuji Sakano, Akira Toyofuku, Yoshihiro Abiko
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been applied for various problems, including psychiatric diseases such as depression and anxiety, and for physical symptoms such as pain. It has also been applied for dental problems. Although the effect of CBTs on temporomandibular disorders and dental anxiety are well documented, its effectiveness on other types of oral symptoms remain unclear. Little information comparing the different types of CBTs in the dental setting is currently available. Because dental professionals are often expected to conduct CBTs in the dental setting, it is important to develop proper training programs for dental professionals...
2017: BioPsychoSocial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622005/patients-perspectives-of-oral-healthcare-providers-communication-considering-the-impact-of-message-source-and-content
#4
Ashley E Fico, Carolyn Lagoe
This study explores patients' perceptions of positive and negative communication experiences with dentists and dental hygienists using a sample of 267 individuals who reported having a general dental provider. Patients' oral health literacy, dental mistrust, use of dental health services, anxiety, and provider satisfaction are examined on the basis of reported communication experiences in the dental context. When comparing participants who had or had not experienced positive communication with a dentist, individuals with positive experiences demonstrated significantly higher levels of oral health literacy and provider satisfaction, as well as lower levels of dental mistrust...
June 16, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620635/pioneering-strategies-for-relieving-dental-anxiety-in-hearing-impaired-children-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#5
Shalini Chandrasekhar, Ghanashyam Prasad Madu, Naga Radhakrishna Ambati, Pavani Reddy Suravarapu, Kalyani Uppu, Deepthi Bolla
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Hearing impaired children have a problem in understanding and comprehending with dental treatments. Visual language is the sensible answer of how to improve communication with them. PURPOSE: To evaluate the applicability of dental sign language in Hearing impaired children in relieving anxiety during stressful dental treatment by improving their means of communication. MATERIALS AND METHOD: This randomized clinical trial was carried out in the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry which included 40 Hearing Impaired children meeting inclusion criteria...
June 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619274/the-importance-of-acknowledgement-of-emotions-in-routine-patient-psychological-assessment-the-example-of-the-dental-setting
#6
J Hally, R Freeman, S Yuan, G Humphris
OBJECTIVE: To investigate, by means of a conceptual model, the effect of dental staff engaging with their patients who share their level of dental anxiety in a short screening questionnaire. METHODS: Three consecutive studies based in the UK primary dental care services were conducted. Each study adopted a randomised group design to focus on the possible influence on patient state anxiety of the dentist becoming aware of their patients' dental anxiety from the self-reports of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS)...
May 5, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614532/patient-concerns-inventory-for-head-and-neck-cancer-brazilian-cultural-adaptation
#7
Ivy Jungerman, Julia Toyota, Neyller Patriota Montoni, Elma Heitmann Mares Azevedo, Renata Ligia Vieira Guedes, Aline Damascena, Derek Lowe, José Guilherme Vartanian, Simon N Rogers, Luiz Paulo Kowalski
Objective: The purpose of this study was to translate, culturally validate and evaluate the Patients Concerns Inventory - Head and Neck (PCI-H&N) in a consecutive series of Brazilian patients. Method: This study included adult patients treated for upper aerodigestive tract (UADT) cancer. The translation and cultural adaptation of the PCI-H&N followed internationally accepted guidelines and included a pretest sample of patients that completed the first Brazilian Portuguese version of the PCI...
April 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604098/nitrous-oxide-and-midazolam-sedation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Gowri Sivaramakrishnan, Kannan Sridharan
Nitrous oxide and midazolam have been used as sedative agents to decrease fear and anxiety associated with dental procedures. Although these agents have been widely used individually, the combination of the two is also commonly used. Four clinical trials were identified that compared the combination technique with the individual use of the drugs. The standardized mean difference (SMD) for each outcome measure was considered for final analysis. Three studies with 534 participants were included in the final meta-analysis, and the SMD [95% CI] was obtained as -0...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603869/a-study-of-special-care-dental-patient-preference-toward-choice-of-mask-and-visor-use-by-dental-clinicians
#9
Robert Emanuel, Richard Corcoran, Helen Cass
BACKGROUND: Do patients have a preference for the clinician's choice of face protection (visor or mask), and can this make a difference to the patient's feelings of anxiety? METHOD: In a normative sample (n = 72) of patients from Special Care Dentistry, different combinations of face protection were studied to see whether the patients clearly preferred one type over another, and whether that was related to the levels of anxiety they suffered, based on the modified dental anxiety scale...
June 12, 2017: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598183/dental-fear-anxiety-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#10
S Cianetti, G Lombardo, E Lupatelli, S Pagano, I Abraha, A Montedori, S Caruso, R Gatto, S De Giorgio, R Salvato
AIM: The aim of this paper was to review the published scientific literature to quantify the prevalence and mean score of dental fear/anxiety (DFA) in children/adolescents and its variation according to several variables. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross- sectional and cohort studies published from 2000 to 2014, that measured DFA in children /adolescents (aged 0-19 years), in the general population, or visiting private or public dental services (general or pediatric) or attending school and kindergarten, were searched, with specific terms, in 3 electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Web Of Science)...
June 2017: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597357/health-care-needs-and-service-use-among-male-prison-inmates-in-the-united-states-a-multi-level-behavioral-model-of-prison-health-service-utilization
#11
Kathryn M Nowotny
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to apply Andersen's Behavioral Model of Health Service Use to men's prisons to assess the direct and indirect effects of inmate predisposing characteristics through multiple types of need. Also examined are the effects of prison-specific enabling factors and the variation in use of health services across prisons. This study uses a nationally representative U.S. sample of men incarcerated in state prisons (n = 8816) and generalized structural equation and multilevel modeling...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587727/-sleep-bruxism-in-children
#12
A Camoin, C Tardieu, I Blanchet, J-D Orthlieb
Bruxism is defined as repetitive activity of the masticatory muscles, characterized by clenching the teeth or teeth grinding and/or by tapping and swaying. This study investigated sleep bruxism. The etiology is multifactorial: mainly central (neuropathic disorder, anxiety) but also genetic and local (posture, mouth breathing). The diagnosis is based primarily on the anamnesis and examination of dental wear and progression over time (photos and dental castings). A diagnostic guide is proposed in this article...
June 3, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584828/measurement-of-the-levels-anxiety-self-perception-of-preparation-and-expectations-for-success-using-an-objective-structured-clinical-examination-a-written-examination-and-a-preclinical-preparation-test-in-kerman-dental-students
#13
Mahsa Kalantari, Nazila Lashkari Zadeh, Raha Habib Agahi, Nader Navabi, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour, Amir Hossein Gandjalikhan Nassab
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM: Examinations have an important role in evaluating students' learning outcomes and their mastery of a subject. Passing or failing an examination can have far-reaching consequences for the students. Therefore, it is not surprising that international studies consistently show that dental students report examinations and grades among the highest ranking stressors in dental schools. PURPOSE: The aim of this research was to measure the levels of anxiety, self-perception of preparation and expectations for success using an objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), a written examination and a preclinical preparation test, and to examine the effects of the three predictive variables on the outcomes of assessments...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584782/quantification-and-measurement-of-changes-in-anxiety-level-in-preschool-children-and-their-mothers-through-multiple-visit-dental-treatment
#14
Anandamoy Bagchi, Banibrata Lahiri, Md Jalaluddin, Gunjan Kumar, Sanjib Das, Kanika Singh Dhull
AIM: The aims of the present study were to quantify anxiety and find the level of anxiety in the very 1(st) day of dental treatment and the pattern of change in the following visits and to find possible impact of maternal anxiety during dental treatment of their wards. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 297 children aged 3-6 years visiting the Department of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry of Dr. R. Ahmed Dental College and Hospital for treatment...
May 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584514/systemic-assessment-of-patients-undergoing-dental-implant-surgeries-a-trans-and-post-operative-analysis
#15
Sanjay Byakodi, Sachin Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Reddy, Vipin Kumar, Shipra Sepolia, Shivangi Gupta, Harkanwal Preet Singh
BACKGROUND: Procedure-related and patient-related factors influence the prognosis of dental implants to a major extent. Hence, we aimed to evaluate and analyze various systemic factors in patients receiving dental implants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-one patients were included in the study, in which a total of 110 dental implants were placed. Complete examination of the subjects was done before and after placement of dental implants. Implant surgery was planned, and osseointegrated dental implants were placed in the subjects...
January 2017: Nigerian Journal of Surgery: Official Publication of the Nigerian Surgical Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578889/telescopic-dental-needles-versus-conventional-dental-needles-comparison-of-pain-and-anxiety-in-adult-dental-patients-of-kerman-university-of-medical-sciences-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#16
Raha Habib Aghahi, Seyed Abdol Reza Gandjalikhan Nassab, Ali Eskandarizadeh, Ali Reza Saidi, Arash Shahravan, Maryam Alsadat Hashemipour
INTRODUCTION: Pain felt during dental injections is dependent on dental anxiety. Patients feel increased pain if anxiety in the treatment environment is high, and therefore it is important to reduce anxiety during treatment to reduce pain. The purpose of this study was to compare pain and anxiety levels experienced during injections using a newly invented telescopic-coated dental needle that covers the conventional needle and also has the capability of applying topical anesthesia through its unique design with the conventional dental injection needle...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571260/anxiety-levels-among-five-year-old-children-undergoing-art-restoration-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ishan, K K Shivlingesh, Vartika Agarwal, Bhuvan Deep Gupta, Richa Anand, Abhinav Sharma, Sumedha Kushwaha, Khateeb Khan
INTRODUCTION: Atraumatic Restorative Treatment (ART) involves manually excavating the carious part of the tooth and restoring the prepared cavity with chemically adhesive restorative material [Glass Ionomer Cement (GIC)] and it may induce and/or impact the dental anxiety in children. It is well established that ART procedure is less anxiety producing when compared with other restorative procedures using dental drill. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anxiety levels among five-year-old children undergoing ART restoration in I...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556577/clinical-and-neurobiological-effects-of-aerobic-exercise-in-dental-phobia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Brigitt L Lindenberger, Jens Plag, Sarah Schumacher, Katharina Gaudlitz, Sophie Bischoff, Thomas Bobbert, Fernando Dimeo, Moritz B Petzold, Clemens Kirschbaum, Zsuzsa Dudás, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: Physical activity has shown to be effective in anxiety disorders. For specific phobia, no studies are available that systematically examined the effects of an aerobic exercise intervention on phobic fear within a randomized-controlled design. Therefore, we investigated the acute effect of a standardized aerobic training on clinical symptoms of dental phobia as well as on stress-related neurobiological markers. METHODS: Within a crossover design, 30 patients with dental phobia (mean age: 34...
May 26, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553831/depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-dental-students
#19
Sumaya Basudan, Najla Binanzan, Aseel Alhassan
Objectives: To measure the occurrence and levels of depression, anxiety and stress in undergraduate dental students using the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS-21). Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in November and December of 2014. A total of 289 dental students were invited to participate, and 277 responded, resulting in a response rate of 96%. The final sample included 247 participants. Eligible participants were surveyed via a self-reported questionnaire that included the validated DASS-21 scale as the assessment tool and questions about demographic characteristics and methods for managing stress...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535137/the-effect-of-heart-disease-on-anesthetic-complications-during-routine-dental-procedures-in-dogs
#20
Jennifer E Carter, Alison A Motsinger-Reif, William V Krug, Bruce W Keene
Dental procedures are a common reason for general anesthesia, and there is widespread concern among veterinarians that heart disease increases the occurrence of anesthetic complications. Anxiety about anesthetizing dogs with heart disease is a common cause of referral to specialty centers. To begin to address the potential effect of heart disease on anesthetic complications in dogs undergoing anesthesia for routine dental procedures, we compared anesthetic complications in 100 dogs with heart disease severe enough to trigger referral to a specialty center (cases) to those found in 100 dogs without cardiac disease (controls) that underwent similar procedures at the same teaching hospital...
May 23, 2017: Journal of the American Animal Hospital Association
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