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dental anxiety

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229019/is-there-a-relation-between-dental-anxiety-fear-and-general-psychological-status
#1
Tuba Talo Yildirim, Serkan Dundar, Alihan Bozoglan, Tahir Karaman, Neval Dildes, Filiz Acun Kaya, Eyyup Altintas, Faruk Oztekin, Osman Atas, Hilal Alan
BACKGROUND: Dental anxiety is a widespread problem in many populations. This problem can be a barrier to dental care and may lead to poor oral health. Dental anxiety may be related to psychological status. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to assess the levels of dental anxiety, dental fear, Beck Depression, and state-trait anxiety according to age, gender and education level in patients at the periodontology clinic in the Diyarbakır Mouth and Dental Health Center...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202072/a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-mini-and-conventional-implant-retained-dentures-on-the-function-and-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-an-edentulous-mandible
#2
Sarra Jawad, Craig Barclay, William Whittaker, Martin Tickle, Tanya Walsh
BACKGROUND: Total tooth loss (edentulism) can be a debilitating condition, impacting on ability to chew, speak and interact with others. The most common treatment is with complete removable dentures, which may be successful, but in the lower jaw, bone resorption that worsens over time makes denture-wearing difficult. Two dental implants in the mandible to retain the lower denture has been advocated as the gold standard of treatment, but has not been universally provided due largely to financial constraints and also patient fear...
February 15, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128662/salivary-alpha-amylase-dental-anxiety-and-extraction-pain-a-pilot-study
#3
Kevin C Lee, Jennifer P Bassiur
The primary intention of this study was to determine whether salivary alpha-amylase (sAA) factors or the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) was a better predictor of dental extraction pain. This study followed a cross-sectional design and included a convenience sample (n = 23) recruited from an outpatient oral surgery clinic. While waiting for their scheduled appointments, consenting patients completed both basic demographic/medical history questionnaires and Corah's DAS as well as submitted sublingual saliva samples...
2017: Anesthesia Progress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127013/can-intravenous-conscious-sedation-with-midazolam-be-effective-at-facilitating-surgical-dentistry-in-adolescent-orthodontic-patients-a-service-evaluation
#4
A J Stamp, M L Dorman, C R Vernazza, G Deeming, C Reid, K E Wilson, N M Girdler
Background Surgical dentistry during orthodontic care often occurs in adolescence and may involve surgical removal or exposure of teeth. The invasive nature of treatment, combined with dental anxiety, means care can often be provided under general anaesthesia (GA). Best-practice guidelines however endorse conscious sedation as an alternative, where appropriate. Although a limited number of studies have shown safe and effective use of intravenous conscious sedation (IVCS) with midazolam in this cohort, robust evidence to support routine use is lacking...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127002/perceived-stress-and-well-being-among-dental-hygiene-and-dental-therapy-students
#5
M Harris, J C Wilson, S Holmes, D R Radford
Aims To explore dental hygiene and dental therapy students' (DHDTS') perception of stress and well-being during their undergraduate education and establish base-line data for further studies of this group of dental professionals.Subjects and methods A questionnaire was distributed to Years 1, 2 and 3 DHDTS and final year outreach dental students (DS) (as a comparison group), at the University of Portsmouth Dental Academy (UPDA), during summer 2015. Data were collected on students' perception of levels of stress and well-being...
January 27, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110919/effect-of-topical-anesthesia-on-pain-from-needle-insertion-and-injection-and-its-relationship-with-anxiety-in-patients-awaiting-apical-surgery-a%C3%A2-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#6
Sin-Yeon Cho, Euiseong Kim, Sung-Ho Park, Byoung-Duck Roh, Chan-Young Lee, Seung-Jong Lee, Il-Young Jung
INTRODUCTION: We aimed to simultaneously investigate the effects of topical anesthesia on needle insertion and injection pain in the labial mucosa of the maxillary central incisors of patients awaiting apical surgery and to assess the relationship between patients' anxiety and pain scores. METHODS: Forty-four patients scheduled for apical surgery of the maxillary anterior incisor or canine were included, and all completed the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) questionnaire...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106507/association-between-anxiety-and-pain-in-dental-treatment
#7
C-S Lin, S-Y Wu, C-A Yi
Accumulating evidence has revealed that dental anxiety (DA), as a dispositional factor toward the dental situation, is associated with the state anxiety (SA) and pain related to dental procedures. However, conclusions from individual studies may be limited by the treatment procedures that patients received, the tools used to assess DA, or the treatment stages when anxiety or pain was assessed. It is unclear whether DA, at the study level, accounts for the variance in pretreatment SA. The impact of DA and SA on pain at different treatment stages has not been systematically investigated...
February 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099579/factors-for-determining-dental-anxiety-in-preschool-children-with-severe-dental-caries
#8
Jenny Abanto, Evelyn Alvarez Vidigal, Thiago Saads Carvalho, Stella Núbia Coelho de Sá, Marcelo Bönecker
The aim of this study was to assess the clinical and socioeconomic indicators associated with dental anxiety in preschool children with severe dental caries. A total of 100 children between 3 and 5 years of age were selected during a dental screening procedure. The selection criteria were having at least one tooth with dental caries and a visible pulpal involvement, ulceration, fistula, and abscess (PUFA) index of ≥1 in primary teeth. Before the clinical examination or any treatment procedure was performed, we evaluated the children's dental anxiety using the Facial Image Scale (FIS)...
January 16, 2017: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074339/factors-associated-with-dental-anxiety-in-brazilian-children-during-the-first-transitional-period-of-the-mixed-dentition
#9
K A Barreto, L D K T Dos Prazeres, D S M Lima, F C Soares, R M M P Redivivo, C da Franca, V Colares
AIMS: To determine the prevalence of dental anxiety in children during the first transitional period of the mixed dentition and associated factors. METHODS: A Cross-sectional study was performed with 1367 children of both genders aged 6-7 years old conducted in schools in Recife, Brazil in 2013. The data were collected through interviews and intra-oral examinations. Dental anxiety data were obtained using the dental anxiety questionnaire (DAQ). The associated factors considered were: age, gender, social group, child's experience with the dentist, history of dental pain, experience of caries and phase of exfoliation...
January 10, 2017: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067923/-a-phd-completed-8-are-extreme-dental-treatment-anxiety-fainting-or-gagging-separate-or-overlapping-phenomena
#10
C M H H van Houtem
Extreme dental treatment anxiety, fainting or gagging in the dentist's chair can seriously hinder a patient's dental treatment. While a series of widely diverse studies on extreme dental treatment anxiety have been carried out, less is known about gagging and fainting. The most important questions in this dissertation research were whether dental treatment anxiety ('stimuli') can be identified and whether dental treatment anxiety and fainting or gagging are separate or overlapping phenomena. Fear of dental treatment can be divided into several subtypes: fear of invasive treatments, loss of control and aversive physical sensations...
January 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059446/elimination-of-pain-improves-specificity-of-clinical-diagnostic-criteria-for-adult-chronic-rhinosinusitis
#11
Scott D Hirsch, Evan R Reiter, Laurence J DiNardo, Wen Wan, Theodore A Schuman
OBJECTIVE: Determine whether the elimination of pain improves accuracy of clinical diagnostic criteria for adult chronic rhinosinusitis. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. METHODS: History, symptoms, nasal endoscopy, and computed tomography (CT) results were analyzed for 1,186 adults referred to an academic otolaryngology clinic with presumptive diagnosis of chronic rhinosinusitis. Clinical diagnosis was rendered using the 1997 Rhinosinusitis Taskforce (RSTF) Guidelines and a modified version eliminating facial pain, ear pain, dental pain, and headache...
January 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052213/children-s-responses-to-sensory-stimuli-and-their-behavior-in-the-dental-office
#12
Sagit Nissan, Aviva Yochman, Sigalit Blumer, Johnny Kharouba, Benjamin Peretz
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate children's behavior during dental examinations, their reactions to various selected sensory stimuli and the association between them. STUDY DESIGN: Sixty-three children (28 boys and 35 girls) aged 5-12 years (mean age 7.9 ± 1.6 years) participated in the study. Their parents were asked to complete a questionnaire while in the dentist's waiting room. The dentists evaluated the children's behavior in the dental office using Frankl's behavioral scale and noted the children's reactions to the sensory stimuli of touch, noise, smell and backward tilting of the examination chair...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049675/the-embedded-counseling-model-an-application-to-dental-students
#13
David Francis Adams
Prior research has suggested that dental students experience high rates of stress, anxiety, and mood concerns, which have been linked to poor academic performance, health concerns, and substance abuse. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of an embedded counseling office at the University of Iowa College of Dentistry & Dental Clinics in its first three academic semesters. Data were gathered from students attending appointments, and two inventories were used to monitor students' counseling progress and gather psychological outcomes data: the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms-34 (CCAPS-34) and the Outcome Rating Scale (ORS)...
January 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045311/dental-fear-in-italy-what-is-going-on
#14
L Paglia
If your young patient doesn't feel comfortable and thinks something dreadful is going to happen when he comes to your office, maybe he will develop dental fear. Nowadays, children and teenagers' strong negative emotions related to dental treatment are defined as "Dental Fear and Anxiety" (DFA). Since DFA can result in children's avoidance or delay in undergoing dental visits, this problem represents a relevant social barrier as important as other well-known factors like low family income or parental education...
December 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042430/experimental-protocol-of-dental-procedures-in-patients-with-hereditary-angioedema-the-role-of-anxiety-and-the-use-of-nitrogen-oxide
#15
A Rosa, M Miranda, R Franco, M G Guarino, A Barlattani, P Bollero
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a rare disease, little known to the medical and dental community, but with a growing rate of hospitalization over the years. HAE is due to a deficit/dysfunction of C1 esterase inhibitor which leads to an increase in vascular permeability and the appearance of edemas widespread in all body areas. The airways are the most affected and laryngeal swelling, which can occur, it is dangerous for the patient's life, is also a sensitive spot in our daily practice, therefore, it is also important to be aware of all the signs of this disease...
April 2016: Oral & Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042274/effectiveness-of-behavioral-modification-techniques-with-visual-distraction-using-intrasulcular-local-anesthesia-in-hearing-disabled-children-during-pulp-therapy
#16
Kausar Sadia Fakhruddin, Mehmet Omer Gorduysus, Hisham El Batawi
OBJECTIVE: Assessing the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in combination with visual distraction with/without video eyewear using computerized delivery system-intrasulcular (CDS-IS) during the application of local anesthetic in hearing-impaired pediatric patients undergoing pulp therapy of primary molars. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized, crossover clinical study includes 15 children (7 boys and 8 girls), mean age was 6.1 years. Children were randomly distributed into two groups (Group A, n = 7; Group B, n = 8)...
October 2016: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28036120/associations-of-pain-intensity-and-pain-related-disability-with-psychological-and-socio-demographic-factors-in-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-at-a-specialised-dental-clinic
#17
N Su, F Lobbezoo, A van Wijk, G J M G van der Heijden, C M Visscher
The study assessed whether psychological and socio-demographic factors, including somatisation, depression, stress, anxiety, daytime sleepiness, optimism, gender and age, are associated with pain intensity and pain-related disability in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). In total, 320 TMD patients were involved in the study. The psychological status of each patient was assessed with questionnaires, including the Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90), Epworth Sleeping Scale (ESS), stress questionnaire and Life Orientation Test-Revised (LOT-R)...
March 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032045/stress-and-professional-burnout-among-newly-graduated-dentists
#18
Suhas Kulkarni, Namrata Dagli, Prabu Duraiswamy, Harshit Desai, Himanshu Vyas, Kusai Baroudi
BACKGROUND: Dentists encounter numerous professional stressful situations, beginning from education to day-to-day practice. The resulting stress tends to have a negative impact on their personal as well as professional lives. OBJECTIVES: To measure daily burnout, and to investigate the extent of expectations from dental career and the feeling of being unqualified new dental practitioner. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A close-ended questionnaire, i...
November 2016: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001246/validation-and-invariance-of-the-dental-anxiety-scale-in-a-brazilian-sample
#19
Fernanda Salloume Sampaio Bonafé, Juliana Alvares Duarte Bonini Campos
The aim of this study was to evaluate the properties of the Dental Anxiety Scale (DAS) when applied to Brazilian adults and to test its invariance across independent samples and different sociodemographic groups. Sociodemographic data, reports on previous unpleasant dental experiences and DAS responses were collected through telephone interviews. Metric properties of the one and two-factor models were evaluated using confirmatory factor analysis. The analysis included the chi-square ratio divided by degrees of freedom (χ2/df), the comparative fit index (CFI), the goodness of fit index (GFI) and the root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA)...
December 22, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994412/a-comparative-study-to-assess-the-effect-of-oral-alprazolam-as-premedication-on-vital-parameters-of-patients-during-surgical-removal-of-impacted-mandibular-third-molars
#20
Sanjay Joshi, Arsalan Shakil Ahmed Ansari, Sima Mazumdar, Sidra Ansari
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and monitor the changes in vital parameters of patients during surgical removal of impacted mandibular third molars. METHODS: This was an in vivo study conducted in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Terna Dental College. Sixty patients were randomly selected. Thirty patients were given a preoperative single dose of oral tablet alprazolam 0.5 mg as premedication (test group), whereas the other thirty were treated without any premedication (control group)...
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
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