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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349351/the-relationship-between-subjective-oral-health-and-dental-fear-in-korean-adolescents
#1
Young-Soon Won, Youn-Soo Shim, So-Youn An
Background: This study is aimed to evaluate the level of fear and to reduce the overall fear, thereby enabling patients to receive treatment via timely visits. Methods: In a survey conducted by 460 South Korean middle school students, we used 453 data that faithfully responded to the survey. Multiple regression analysis was conducted to investigate the factors influencing subjective oral health and dental fear. The significance level used for statistical significance was α = 0...
December 2017: Journal of Dental Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336506/influence-of-culture-change-on-the-perception-of-fear-and-anxiety-pathways-in-endodontics-a-pilot-proof-of-concept-study
#2
Ava Elizabeth Carter, Emad AlShwaimi, Mark Boschen, Geoffery Carter, Roy George
This study assessed the influence of cultural changes (known as acculturation) on pathways of fear and anxiety in Endodontics. A purposive sampling technique identified patients of Saudi Arabian descent living in Australia and Saudi Arabia. Only patients with root canal fillings (or treatment planned for endodontic treatment) were included. Patients with intellectual disabilities, surgical root therapy, and aged under 20 were excluded. Consenting patients attending the dental clinics of University of Griffith University, Australia and University of Dammam, Saudi Arabia completed the "My Endodontic Fear Questionnaire...
January 16, 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331966/effectiveness-and-safety-of-oral-sedation-in-adult-patients-undergoing-dental-procedures-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#3
Jimmy de Oliveira Araújo, Rogério Heládio Lopes Motta, Cristiane de Cássia Bergamaschi, Caio Chaves Guimarães, Juliana Cama Ramacciato, Natalia Karol de Andrade, Mabel Fernandes Fiqueiró, Luciane Cruz Lopes
INTRODUCTION: The management of anxious patients undergoing dental procedures is still a challenge in clinical practice. Despite a wide variety of drugs for oral sedation in adult patients, there are relatively few systematic reviews that compare the effectiveness and safety of different drugs administered via this route. Thus, this study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of oral sedation with benzodiazepines and other agents to patients undergoing dental surgical procedures...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326449/the-future-of-failure-to-warn-in-dentistry-after-montgomery-reflections-from-australia
#4
A C L Holden
The switch from the standard of the reasonable professional, to that of the reasonable patient in cases where it is alleged that a health professional has not imparted sufficient information to allow the gaining of valid consent, has created anxiety and confusion within the dental profession. The ruling in Montgomery v Lanarkshire Health Board is relatively young; there have been insufficient subsequent cases to truly allow a deep exploration of the real changes that the case will bring to the way dentistry and other health activities are provided...
January 12, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317951/parafunctional-behaviors-and-its-effect-on-dental-bridges
#5
REVIEW
Amal Alharby, Hanan Alzayer, Ahmed Almahlawi, Yazeed Alrashidi, Samaa Azhar, Maan Sheikho, Anas Alandijani, Amjad Aljohani, Manal Obied
Parafunctional behaviors, especially bruxism, are not uncommon among patient visiting dentists' clinics daily and they constitute a major dental issue for almost all dentists. Many researchers have focused on the definition, pathophysiology, and treatment of these behaviors. These parafunctional behaviors have a considerable negative impact on teeth and dental prothesis. In this review, we focused on the impact of parafunctional behaviors on dental bridges. We summarized the definitions, epidemiology, pathophysiology, and consequences of parafunctional behaviors...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314150/role-of-intelligence-quotient-iq-on-anxiety-and-behavior-in-children-with-hearing-and-speech-impairment
#6
Raghavendra M Shetty, Aditi Pashine, Nijo A Jose, Somasundar Mantha
AIM: To assess and compare the role of IQ on anxiety and behavior of children with and without hearing and speech impairment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 120 children of age group 7-14 years were included in the study, of which control group comprised of 60 normal healthy children and 60 hearing and speech impaired children formed the study group. The study was done in two consecutive sessions. First appointment for Culture Fair Intelligence Test and second appointment for RMS pictorial anxiety score (RMS-PS) and Frankl behavior rating which were assessed during oral prophylaxis...
January 4, 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297563/clinical-and-individual-variables-in-children-s-dental-fear-a-school-based-investigation
#7
Ethieli Rodrigues da Silveira, Marília Leão Goettems, Flávio Fernando Demarco, Marina Sousa Azevedo
This cross-sectional study evaluated the prevalence of dental fear and associated factors in schoolchildren aged 8 to 12 years old, in Pelotas, southern Brazil. Schoolchildren enrolled in 20 public and private schools were selected using a multi-stage sample design. Sociodemographic characteristics, children's dental visit and oral hygiene habits were assessed by questionnaires. The Dental Anxiety Question was used to measure dental fear prevalence. Children's clinical examination evaluated presence of dental caries (DMFT/dmft index) and gingival bleeding...
May 2017: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282168/oral-health-literacy-as-a-predictor-of-dental-anxiety-in-parents-of-children-undergoing-dental-treatment
#8
Jéssica Copetti Barasuol, Luciana Reichert da Silva Assunção, Fabian Calixto Fraiz, José Vitor Nogara Borges Menezes
PURPOSE: The purpose of this cross-sectional study was to evaluate the association between parents' dental anxiety (DA) and independent variables. METHODS: One hundred sixty-eight dyads of parents and six- to 12-year-old children who were undergoing treatment at a university pediatric dentistry clinic were recruited. Two examiners evaluated parents' DA and oral health literacy (OHL) using the Brazilian version of Corah's dental anxiety scale and the Brazilian Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30), respectively...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Dentistry for Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280239/on-line-preparatory-information-for-children-and-their-families-undergoing-dental-extractions-under-general-anesthesia-a-phase-iii-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Corinne Huntington, Christina Liossi, Ana Nora Donaldson, Jonathan Timothy Newton, Patricia A Reynolds, Reham Alharatani, Marie Therese Hosey
BACKGROUND: Family-centered interactive on-line games are increasingly popular in healthcare, but their effectiveness for preoperative preparation needs further research. www.scottga.org is the new on-line version of a proven nonweb-based game for children and parents/caregivers. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate if www.scottga.org improved children's anxiety and families' satisfaction compared with controls. METHODS: In this phase III double-blind randomized controlled trial, children/parents/caregivers received (i) www...
December 27, 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279683/evaluation-of-child-preference-for-dentist-attire-and-usage-of-camouflage-syringe-in-reduction-of-anxiety
#10
Prashant Babaji, Pavni P Chauhan, Vikram Rathod, Swapnil Mhatre, Uttam Paul, Guneet Guram
Objectives: The aim of this study is to evaluate the child preference for dentist attire and camouflage versus conventional syringe in reduction of anxiety. Materials and Methods: A total of 600 children aged 6-14 years were made to look at a set of six photos of an individual dressed with different colored apron of pink, green, blue, white colors, formal dress, and cartoon character along with conventional syringe and camouflage syringe with a toy-like appearance to permit injection of local anesthesia...
October 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275783/psychiatric-comorbidities-in-patients-with-atypical-odontalgia
#11
Anna Miura, Trang T H Tu, Yukiko Shinohara, Lou Mikuzuki, Kaoru Kawasaki, Shiori Sugawara, Takayuki Suga, Takeshi Watanabe, Motoko Watanabe, Yojiro Umezaki, Tatsuya Yoshikawa, Haruhiko Motomura, Miho Takenoshita, Hidefumi Maeda, Akira Toyofuku
OBJECTIVE: Atypical Odontalgia (AO) is a condition characterized by tooth pain with no apparent cause. Although psychiatric comorbidity seems to be very common, it has rarely been studied. To clarify the influence of psychiatric comorbidity on the clinical features in patients with AO, we retrospectively evaluated their examination records. METHODS: Clinical features and psychiatric diagnoses of 383 patients with AO were investigated by reviewing patients' medical records and referral letters...
January 2018: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250913/brain-responses-to-stimuli-mimicking-dental-treatment-among-non-phobic-individuals-a-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Andy Wai Kan Yeung, Tazuko K Goto, W Keung Leung
Numerous neuroimaging studies have attempted to identify how the brain responds to stimuli mimicking dental treatment in normal non-phobic individuals. However, results were sometimes inconsistent due to small sample sizes and methodological variations. This meta-analysis employs standardized procedures to summarize data from previous studies to identify brain regions that were consistently activated across studies, elicited by stimuli such as pictures, sounds, or audiovisual footage mimicking those encountered during dental treatments...
December 18, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243716/oral-surgery-ii-part-5-chronic-orofacial-pain
#13
T Renton
Chronic orofacial pain syndromes represent a diagnostic challenge for any practitioner. Patients are frequently misdiagnosed or attribute their pain to a prior event such as a dental procedure, ENT problem or facial trauma. Psychiatric symptoms of depression and anxiety are prevalent in this population and compound the diagnostic conundrum. Treatment is less effective than in other pain syndromes and thus often requires a multidisciplinary approach to address the many facets of these conditions.
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243690/clinical-examination-record-keeping-part-2-history-taking
#14
A M Hadden
This article is the second part of a BDJ series of Practice papers on the subject of clinical examination and related record keeping. The series is taken from the Faculty of General Dental Practice UK (FGDP[UK]) 2016 Good Practice Guidelines book on this topic, edited by A. M. Hadden. This particular article discusses history taking, where information may be gathered prior to the patient seeing the clinician or, in some cases, this may be carried out chairside by the individual. The information gathered can include a medical history, socio-behavioural history, and patient anxiety levels...
December 15, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239052/impact-of-anxiety-on-the-satisfaction-of-dental-implant-patients
#15
Afya Sahib Diab Al-Radha
PURPOSE: To study the influence of anxiety on dental implant patient satisfaction, and to explore if hemoglobin levels and the amount of body fat affected patient satisfaction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred three partially edentulous patients (mean age 42.06 years) who had received dental implant therapy were enrolled in the study. Self-administered questionnaires were given to those patients to evaluate their level of satisfaction with implant treatment. The State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) self-reported questionnaire was used to determine anxiety levels...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238417/the-effect-of-music-intervention-on-dental-anxiety-during-dental-extraction-procedure
#16
Tantry Maulina, Nina Djustiana, M Nurhalim Shahib
Background: In order to minimize the possibility of unsuccessful dental extraction procedure due to dental anxiety, there are several approaches that can be used, including music intervention. Objective: The objective of this research was to investigate the effectiveness of classical and religious Islamic music on reducing dental anxiety. Materials and methods: Two hundred and twenty-five muslim participants (105 males, 120 females) were recruited for this study and randomly assigned to three groups: classical music group, religious Islamic music group, and the group with no music intervention, equally in numbers...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227296/lesch-nyhan-syndrome-and-its-variants-examining-the-behavioral-and-neurocognitive-phenotype
#17
James C Harris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome (LNS) is a metabolic disorder involving mutations in the HGPRT1 gene that result in hyperuricemia, intellectual disability, a dystonic movement disorder, and compulsive self-injury with self-mutilation. The aim of this review is to summarize recent research that documents the extended behavioral, neurologic, and neurocognitive phenotype in classic LNS, to describe milder variants of HGprt deficiency that do not self-injure and have less severe neurological and cognitive deficits, and to provide an update on treatment for associated psychiatric and behavioral disorders...
December 7, 2017: Current Opinion in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202809/five-years-follow-up-of-dental-fear-and-anxiety-experience-of-dental-care-and-oral-health-behaviour-in-swedish-preterm-and-full-term-adolescents
#18
Susanne Brogårdh-Roth, Johanna Månsson, Karin Ridell, Lubna Alward, Kristina Hellén-Halme, EwaCarin Ekberg
BACKGROUND: There is rising concern about how preterm birth affects long-term health later in life. The various effects that preterm birth have on developmental outcomes, cognitive profiles and medical health may also affect levels of cooperation in the dental care situation in addition to general oral health and other oral health-related habits. Oral health is an integral part of one's general health and well-being; however, less is known about how prematurity affects oral health and other related areas such as dental care, and including dental fear and anxiety (DFA) in individuals during adolescence and adulthood...
December 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202172/interprofessional-collaboration-of-dental-hygiene-and-communication-sciences-disorders-students-to-meet-oral-health-needs-of-children-with-autism
#19
Kelly L Anderson, Trisha L Self, Brandi N Carlson
PURPOSE: This pilot project was intended to introduce an authentic interprofessional education experience with students from Communication Sciences & Disorders (CSD) and Dental Hygiene (DH) to develop and apply strategies to assist children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to decrease their anxiety and improve their ability to participate in an oral screening and prophylaxis appointment. The second purpose was for students to learn each other's scope of practice. METHODS: Four children diagnosed with ASD were identified as having dental anxiety and unmet dental needs...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201257/muscle-power-during-intravenous-sedation
#20
REVIEW
Nobuyuki Matsuura
Intravenous sedation is effective to reduce fear and anxiety in dental treatment. It also has been used for behavior modification technique in dental patients with special needs. Midazolam and propofol are commonly used for intravenous sedation. Although there have been many researches on the effects of midazolam and propofol on vital function and the recovery profile, little is known about muscle power. This review discusses the effects of intravenous sedation using midazolam and propofol on both grip strength and bite force...
November 2017: Japanese Dental Science Review
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