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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698173/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mastitis-in-two-goats-associated-with-an-essential-oil-based-teat-dip
#1
E Jane Kelly, David J Wilson
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that has been associated with mastitis in dairy animals, including goats. Often, the environmental sources of the bacteria are water-related (such as hoses and muddy pastures). Mastitis attributable to P. aeruginosa was identified in 2 goats in a small herd. Efforts were made to identify environmental sources of the pathogen. Multiple samples from the goats' environment were cultured, including water from the trough, bedding, the hose used to wash udders, and the teat dip and teat dip containers...
November 2016: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27542446/transition-rates-of-selected-metals-determined-in-various-types-of-teas-camellia-sinensis-l-kuntze-and-herbal-fruit-infusions
#2
Grit Schulzki, Birgit Nüßlein, Hartwig Sievers
Teas and raw materials used as ingredients of herbal and fruit infusions (HFI) were analysed by means of ICP-MS for their content of aluminium, arsenic, cadmium, copper, lead and mercury in the dry product and in the infusion. Samples of tea (Camellia sinensis L. Kuntze) were selected to include different origins, types (black, green), leaf grades (whole leaf, broken, fannings, dust) and manufacturing techniques (orthodox, "crush, tear, curl"). The selected HFI raw materials (chamomile, elderberries, fennel, hibiscus, mate, peppermint, rooibos and rose hip) cover the most important matrices (flower, fruit, seed, herb, leaf) and reflect the economic significance of these HFI materials in trade...
January 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27515877/sage-tea-thyme-peppermint-hydrosol-oral-rinse-reduces-chemotherapy-induced-oral-mucositis-a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study
#3
Ezgi Mutluay Yayla, Nur Izgu, Leyla Ozdemir, Sinem Aslan Erdem, Murat Kartal
OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to investigate the preventive effect of sage tea-thyme-peppermint hydrosol oral rinse used in conjunction with basic oral care on chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis. DESIGN: An open-label randomized controlled study. SETTING: Two oncology hospitals in Ankara, Turkey. INTERVENTIONS: Patients receiving 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy regimens were divided into the intervention group (N=30) and control group (N=30)...
August 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396216/comparative-chemical-analysis-of-mentha-piperita-and-m-spicata-and-a-fast-assessment-of-commercial-peppermint-teas
#4
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mihaela Buleandra, Eliza Oprea, Dana Elena Popa, Iulia Gabriela David, Zenovia Moldovan, Iuliana Mihai, Irinel Adriana Badea
The hydrodistilled essential oils and volatile compounds (by static headspaces technique) of Mentha piperita L. and M spicata L. were characterized by GC-MS. Headspace analysis of Mentha piperita revealed the existence of menthone (25.4%), 1,8-cineole (17.7%) and menthol (12.1%) as the main components, while the essential oil contained high amounts of menthol (46.8%) and menthone (25.6%). By contrast, headspace analysis of M. spicata showed a high content of limonene (37.0%) together with carvone (13.0%), β-pinene (10...
April 2016: Natural Product Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27306863/capillary-electrophoresis-fingerprinting-and-spectrophotometric-determination-of-antioxidant-potential-for-classification-of-mentha-products
#5
Vendula Roblová, Miroslava Bittová, Petr Kubáň, Vlastimil Kubáň
In this work aqueous infusions from ten Mentha herbal samples (four different Mentha species and six hybrids of Mentha x piperita) and 20 different peppermint teas were screened by capillary electrophoresis with UV detection. The fingerprint separation was accomplished in a 25 mM borate background electrolyte with 10% methanol at pH 9.3. The total polyphenolic content in the extracts was determined spectrophotometrically at 765 nm by a Folin-Ciocalteu phenol assay. Total antioxidant activity was determined by scavenging of 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical at 515 nm...
July 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27136257/characterization-of-radicals-arising-from-oxidation-of-commercially-important-essential-oils
#6
Hiroko-Miyuki Mori, Hideo Iwahashi
Inappropriate use of essential oils may entail risks to human health due to mutational events, carcinogenic effects, genetic damages and sensitizing effect caused by generation of reactive oxygen species. In order to detect radicals that are expected to form during their oxidation, we measured the electron spin resonance (ESR) spectra of a standard reaction mixture (I) containing 25 μM flavin mononucleotide, 0.018% several essential oils (or 0.015% geraniol), 1.9 M acetonitrile, 20 mM phosphate buffer (pH 7...
June 2016: Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27092733/selected-essential-oils-as-antifungal-agents-against-antibiotic-resistant-candida-spp-in-vitro-study-on-clinical-and-food-borne-isolates
#7
Katarzyna Rajkowska, Alina Kunicka-Styczyńska, Marta Maroszyńska
Candida spp. cause significant health problems, inducing various types of superficial and deep-seated mycoses in humans. As a result of the increasing antibiotic resistance among pathogenic yeasts, the interest in alternative agents of antifungal activity is growing. This study evaluated the antimicrobial activity of selected essential oils (EOs) against Candida clinical and food-borne strains, including antibiotic-resistant isolates, in relation to yeast cell surface hydrophobicity (CSH). Candida strains showed different range of susceptibility to tea tree, thyme, peppermint, and clove oils, and peppermint oil demonstrated the lowest anticandidal activity with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of 0...
April 19, 2016: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26678126/evidence-for-synergistic-activity-of-plant-derived-essential-oils-against-fungal-pathogens-of-food
#8
Farah Hossain, Peter Follett, Khang Dang Vu, Mehdi Harich, Stephane Salmieri, Monique Lacroix
The antifungal activities of eight essential oils (EOs) namely basil, cinnamon, eucalyptus, mandarin, oregano, peppermint, tea tree and thyme were evaluated for their ability to inhibit growth of Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Aspergillus parasiticus and Penicillium chrysogenum. The antifungal activity of the EOs was assessed by the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) using 96-well microplate analysis. The interactions between different EO combinations were done by the checkerboard technique. The highest antifungal activity was exhibited by oregano and thyme which showed lower MIC values amongst all the tested fungi...
February 2016: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26539382/essential-oils-their-therapeutic-properties-and-implication-in-dentistry-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Namrata Dagli, Rushabh Dagli, Rasha Said Mahmoud, Kusai Baroudi
BACKGROUND: Antibacterial treatments currently used for treatment cause several side effects, and bacterial resistance to the antibiotics is also increasing. Therefore, there is need to find better alternatives. Essential oils (EOs) have been used for treatment of various ailments since ancient times and have gained popularity over the years. Safety and efficacy of EOs have been proved by several clinical trials. This review gives an overview on the EOs, their uses, and adverse effects...
September 2015: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26366255/herbal-medicines-use-during-pregnancy-a-review-from-the-middle-east
#10
REVIEW
Lisha J John, Nisha Shantakumari
The prevalence of the herbal medicines use is on the rise across the world, especially amongst pregnant women. The scenario in the Middle Eastern region was reviewed to explore the prevalence, usage pattern, motivation, and attitude towards use of herbal medicine by pregnant women. Literature published up to December 2012 showed the prevalence of herbal medicine use varied between 22.3-82.3%, implying a rising trend in the utilization of herbal medicine during pregnancy. The most common herbs used were peppermint, ginger, thyme, chamomile, sage, aniseed, fenugreek, and green tea...
July 2015: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26365752/pyrrolizidine-and-tropane-alkaloids-in-teas-and-the-herbal-teas-peppermint-rooibos-and-chamomile-in-the-israeli-market
#11
Jakob Avi Shimshoni, Arne Duebecke, Patrick P J Mulder, Olga Cuneah, Shimon Barel
Dehydro pyrrolizidine alkaloids (dehydro PAs) are carcinogenic phytotoxins prevalent in the Boraginaceae, Asteraceae and Fabaceae families. Dehydro PAs enter the food and feed chain by co-harvesting of crops intended for human and animal consumption as well as by carry-over into animal-based products such as milk, eggs and honey. Recently the occurrence of dehydro PAs in teas and herbal teas has gained increasing attention from the EU, due to the high levels of dehydro PAs found in commercially available teas and herbal teas in Germany and Switzerland...
2015: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26345015/chemometric-approach-to-texture-profile-analysis-of-kombucha-fermented-milk-products
#12
Radomir Malbaša, Lidija Jevrić, Eva Lončar, Jasmina Vitas, Sanja Podunavac-Kuzmanović, Spasenija Milanović, Strahinja Kovačević
In the present work, relationships between the textural characteristics of fermented milk products obtained by kombucha inoculums with various teas were investigated by using chemometric analysis. The presented data which describe numerically the textural characteristics (firmness, consistency, cohesiveness and index of viscosity) were analysed. The quadratic correlation was determined between the textural characteristics of fermented milk products obtained at fermentation temperatures of 40 and 43 °C, using milk with 0...
September 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26110869/estimation-of-potential-availability-of-essential-oil-in-some-brands-of-herbal-teas-and-herbal-dietary-supplements
#13
Radosław Kowalski, Tomasz Baj, Grażyna Kowalska, Urszula Pankiewicz
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the study was to estimate potential availability of essential oil in some brands of herbal products. METHODS: A comparison was performed on the basis of the essential oil yield in the unprocessed raw materials such as leaves of peppermint and lemon balm and inflorescence of chamomile as well as herbal tea bags and in dietary supplements. The yield of essential oil was determined by distillation. Essential oil was analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055130/detection-of-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-in-german-licensed-herbal-medicinal-teas
#14
M Schulz, J Meins, S Diemert, P Zagermann-Muncke, R Goebel, D Schrenk, M Schubert-Zsilavecz, M Abdel-Tawab
BACKGROUND: Because of the hepatotoxic, mutagenic, and cancerogenic effects of pyrrolizidine alkaloids (PAs) the German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) recommends not to exceed a daily PA intake of 0.007 µg/kg body weight (0.42 µg/60 kg adult). In a recent study conducted by the BfR, up to 5647 µg PA/kg dried herbal material were detected in tea products marketed as food. PURPOSE: The present study aimed at elucidating whether medicinal teas licensed or registered as medicinal products contain PAs as well...
June 1, 2015: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25836389/survival-of-salmonella-on-chamomile-peppermint-and-green-tea-during-storage-and-subsequent-survival-or-growth-following-tea-brewing
#15
Susanne E Keller, Christina N Stam, Dana R Gradl, Zhengzai Chen, Emily L Larkin, Shannon R Pickens, Stuart J Chirtel
The survival of Salmonella on dried chamomile flowers, peppermint leaves, and green tea leaves stored under different conditions was examined. Survival and growth of Salmonella was also assessed after subsequent brewing using dried inoculated teas. A Salmonella enterica serovar cocktail was inoculated onto different dried tea leaves or flowers to give starting populations of approximately 10 log CFU/g. The inoculum was allowed to dry (at ambient temperature for 24 h) onto the dried leaves or flowers prior to storage under 25 and 35 °C at low (<30% relative humidity [RH]) and high (>90% RH) humidity levels...
April 2015: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25396005/risk-factors-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-the-role-of-diet
#16
Mirosław Jarosz, Anna Taraszewska
INTRODUCTION: Nutrition can contribute to the development of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). The relevant studies often provide contradictory results. AIM: To determine GERD risk factors associated with dietary habits. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 513 subjects were included. The study group consisted of adults with a recent clinically confirmed diagnosis of GERD, and the control group were healthy adults. The research tool was a proprietary questionnaire...
2014: Przegla̜d Gastroenterologiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25265817/levels-of-some-microelements-and-essential-heavy-metals-in-herbal-teas-in-serbia
#17
Zeljko Mihaljev, Milica Zivkov-Balos, Zeljko Cupić, Sandra Jaksić
Levels of Fe, Mn, Cu, Zn, Mo, Co, Ni, Se, Sn and Al were determined in 14 medicinal plants from Serbia, which are widely used in phytopharmacy as herbal teas. The following plants were investigated: yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), basil (Ocimum hasilicum L.), St. John's wort (Hypericum perforatum L.), peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.), field horsetail (Equisetum arvense L.), stinging nettle (Urtica dioica L.), thyme (Thymus serpyllum L.), maize silk (Zea mays L. - Maydis stigma), hibiscus (Hibiscus sabdariffa L...
May 2014: Acta Poloniae Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25222912/determination-of-pyrrolizidine-alkaloids-in-tea-herbal-drugs-and-honey
#18
Dorina Bodi, Stefan Ronczka, Christoph Gottschalk, Nastassja Behr, Anne Skibba, Matthias Wagner, Monika Lahrssen-Wiederholt, Angelika Preiss-Weigert, Anja These
Honey was previously considered to be one of the main food sources of human pyrrolizidine alkaloid (PA) exposure in Europe. However, comprehensive analyses of honey and tea sampled in the Berlin retail market revealed unexpected high PA amounts in teas. This study comprised the analysis of 87 honey as well as 274 tea samples including black, green, rooibos, melissa, peppermint, chamomile, fennel, nettle, and mixed herbal tea or fruit tea. Total PA concentrations in tea ranged from < LOD to 5647 µg kg(-1), while a mean value of about 10 µg kg(-1) was found in honey samples...
2014: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24966732/antimicrobial-efficacy-of-five-essential-oils-against-oral-pathogens-an-in-vitro-study
#19
Nilima Thosar, Silpi Basak, Rakesh N Bahadure, Monali Rajurkar
OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed to find out the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of five essential oils against oral pathogens and to find out the minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) and minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) of five essential oils against oral pathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antimicrobial activities by detecting MIC and MBC/MFC of five essential oils such as tea tree oil, lavender oil, thyme oil, peppermint oil and eugenol oil were evaluated against four common oral pathogens by broth dilution method...
September 2013: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24707312/essential-oils-for-complementary-treatment-of-surgical-patients-state-of-the-art
#20
REVIEW
Susanna Stea, Alina Beraudi, Dalila De Pasquale
Aromatherapy is the controlled use of plant essences for therapeutic purposes. Its applications are numerous (i.e., wellbeing, labour, infections, dementia, and anxiety treatment) but often they have not been scientifically validated. The aim of the present study is to review the available literature to determine if there is evidence for effectiveness of aromatherapy in surgical patients to treat anxiety and insomnia, to control pain and nausea, and to dress wound. Efficacy studies of lavender or orange and peppermint essential oils, to treat anxiety and nausea, respectively, have shown positive results...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
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