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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889144/exploring-the-microbiota-of-the-red-brown-defect-in-smear-ripened-cheese-by-454-pyrosequencing-and-its-prevention-using-different-cleaning-systems
#1
Raffaele Guzzon, Ilaria Carafa, Kieran Tuohy, Gonzalo Cervantes, Luca Vernetti, Andrea Barmaz, Roberto Larcher, Elena Franciosi
Red-brown pigmentation can occasionally form in smeared-ripened cheese such as Fontina during the ripening process. This reaction is due to over-development of the typical microbiota present on the rind. Previous studies have demonstrated the relationship between red-brown pigmentation and the traditional utilization of wooden shelves during cheese ripening. The first part of the paper focuses on the characterisation of yeast and bacterial microbiota: plate counts and 454-pyrosequencing were performed in spoiled (n = 6) and non-spoiled cheeses (n = 6) and on the wooden shelves used during ripening...
April 2017: Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886374/effect-of-different-aloe-fractions-on-the-growth-of-lactic-acid-bacteria
#2
Giulia Chiodelli, Marco Pellizzoni, Gabriela Ruzickova, Luigi Lucini
Several foods on the market, such as yogurt and fermented milk, include mixtures of prebiotics and probiotic microorganisms effective in promoting the proliferation and equilibrium of intestinal bacteria, thus improving gut health. Particularly, researchers and the public have shown increasing interest in the combination of probiotics with natural substances that promote health or that can act as substrates to promote bacterial growth. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different extracts of Aloe barbadensis and Aloe arborescens in fermented milk, taking into account both the prebiotic effect of aloe polysaccharides and the antimicrobial activity of several secondary metabolites...
November 25, 2016: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867111/anti-inflammatory-activity-of-punica-granatum-l-pomegranate-rind-extracts-applied-topically-to-ex-vivo-skin
#3
David M J Houston, Joachim Bugert, Stephen P Denyer, Charles M Heard
Coadministered pomegranate rind extract (PRE) and zinc (II) produces a potent virucidal activity against Herpes simplex virus (HSV); however, HSV infections are also associated with localised inflammation and pain. Here, the objective was to determine the anti-inflammatory activity and relative depth penetration of PRE, total pomegranate tannins (TPT) and zinc (II) in skin, ex vivo. PRE, TPT and ZnSO4 were dosed onto freshly excised ex vivo porcine skin mounted in Franz diffusion cells and analysed for COX-2, as a marker for modulation of the arachidonic acid inflammation pathway, by Western blotting and immunohistochemistry...
November 17, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846826/natural-product-htp-screening-for-antibacterial-e-coli-0157-h7-and-anti-inflammatory-agents-in-lps-from-e-coli-o111-b4-activated-macrophages-and-microglial-cells-focus-on-sepsis
#4
Elizabeth A Mazzio, Nan Li, David Bauer, Patricia Mendonca, Equar Taka, Mohammed Darb, Leeshawn Thomas, Henry Williams, Karam F A Soliman
BACKGROUND: Acute systemic inflammatory response syndrome arising from infection can lead to multiple organ failure and death, with greater susceptibility occurring in immunocompromised individuals. Moreover, sub-acute chronic inflammation is a contributor to the pathology of diverse degenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and arthritis). Given the known limitations in Western medicine to treat a broad range of inflammatory related illness as well as the emergence of antibiotic resistance, there is a renewed interest in complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs) to achieve these means...
November 15, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821402/ischemic-stroke-and-risk-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-the-general-population-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#5
Ludvig B Rinde, Birgit Småbrekke, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Inger Njølstad, Erin M Hald, Tom Wilsgaard, Sigrid K Brækkan, John-Bjarne Hansen
BACKGROUND: Even though clinical data support a relation between ischemic stroke and venous thromboembolism (VTE), the strength and time dependence of the association remain to be settled at the population level. We therefore aimed to investigate the association between ischemic stroke and VTE in a prospective population-based cohort. METHODS AND RESULTS: Participants (n=30 002) were recruited from 3 surveys of the Tromsø study (conducted in 1994-1995, 2001, and 2007-2008) and followed through 2010...
November 7, 2016: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815644/hebephilia-and-other-chronophilic-puzzles
#6
Bruce Rind
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800440/evolution-of-the-microbiological-profile-of-vacuum-packed-ricotta-salata-cheese-during-shelf-life
#7
Daniele Casti, Christian Scarano, Carlo Pala, Francesca Cossu, Sonia Lamon, Vincenzo Spanu, Michela Ibba, Anna Maria Mocci, Francesco Tedde, Gavino Nieddu, Carlo Spanu, Enrico Pietro Luigi De Santis
Ricotta salata cheese is a salted variety of ricotta traditionally made in Sardinia (Italy) from the whey remaining after the production of Pecorino Romano protected designation of origin or other sheep milk cheeses. Ricotta salata cheese is very critical for the possible growth of pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Sporadic cases of listeriosis associated with ricotta salata cheese have been reported over recent years. The objective of the present study was to assess the evolution of spoilage and pathogen microorganism of vacuum-packed ricotta salata cheese during the entire product shelf-life...
April 19, 2016: Italian Journal of Food Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795388/biotic-interactions-shape-the-ecological-distributions-of-staphylococcus-species
#8
Erik K Kastman, Noelani Kamelamela, Josh W Norville, Casey M Cosetta, Rachel J Dutton, Benjamin E Wolfe
: Many metagenomic sequencing studies have observed the presence of closely related bacterial species or genotypes in the same microbiome. Previous attempts to explain these patterns of microdiversity have focused on the abiotic environment, but few have considered how biotic interactions could drive patterns of microbiome diversity. We dissected the patterns, processes, and mechanisms shaping the ecological distributions of three closely related Staphylococcus species in cheese rind biofilms...
October 18, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785381/chloroplast-sequence-of-treegourd-crescentia-cujete-bignoniaceae-to-study-phylogeography-and-domestication
#9
Priscila Ambrósio Moreira, Cédric Mariac, Nora Scarcelli, Marie Couderc, Doriane Picanço Rodrigues, Charles R Clement, Yves Vigouroux
PREMISE OF THE STUDY: Crescentia cujete (Bignoniaceae) fruit rinds are traditionally used for storage vessels and handicrafts. We assembled its chloroplast genome and identified single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). METHODS AND RESULTS: Using a genome skimming approach, the whole chloroplast of C. cujete was assembled using 3,106,928 sequence reads of 150 bp. The chloroplast is 154,662 bp in length, structurally divided into a large single copy region (84,788 bp), a small single copy region (18,299 bp), and two inverted repeat regions (51,575 bp) with 88 genes annotated...
October 2016: Applications in Plant Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783171/reactions-to-first-postpubertal-female-same-sex-sexual-experience-in-the-kinsey-sample-a-comparison-of-minors-with-peers-minors-with-adults-and-adults-with-adults
#10
Bruce Rind
This study examined reactions to first postpubertal same-sex sexual experience in the Kinsey female same-sex sample (consisting of females with extensive postpubertal same-sex experience) as a function of participant and partner ages. As such, it complemented the Rind and Welter (2016) study, which examined the same in the Kinsey male same-sex sample. Data were collected by Kinsey interviewers between 1939 and 1961 (M year = 1947). Girls under 18 (M age = 14.9), whose sexual experience was with a woman (M age = 26...
October 25, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774991/two-identified-looming-detectors-in-the-locust-ubiquitous-lateral-connections-among-their-inputs-contribute-to-selective-responses-to-looming-objects
#11
F Claire Rind, Stefan Wernitznig, Peter Pölt, Armin Zankel, Daniel Gütl, Julieta Sztarker, Gerd Leitinger
In locusts, two lobula giant movement detector neurons (LGMDs) act as looming object detectors. Their reproducible responses to looming and their ethological significance makes them models for single neuron computation. But there is no comprehensive picture of the neurons that connect directly to each LGMD. We used high-through-put serial block-face scanning-electron-microscopy to reconstruct the network of input-synapses onto the LGMDs over spatial scales ranging from single synapses and small circuits, up to dendritic branches and total excitatory input...
October 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27710867/highlighting-the-microbial-diversity-of-12-french-cheese-varieties
#12
Eric Dugat-Bony, Lucille Garnier, Jeremie Denonfoux, Stéphanie Ferreira, Anne-Sophie Sarthou, Pascal Bonnarme, Françoise Irlinger
Surface-ripened cheeses host complex microbial communities responsible for the transformation of milk into cheese as well as the development of important properties in terms of texture, color and sensory perception. In this study, we used high-throughput amplicon sequencing to decipher the bacterial and fungal diversity of 60 cheeses belonging to 12 popular French cheese varieties. Using this approach, 76 bacterial and 44 fungal phylotypes were identified. Major differences were observed between rind and core samples and also according to cheese varieties and manufacturing processes...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702395/identification-and-quantification-of-adulteration-in-garcinia-cambogia-commercial-products-by-chromatographic-and-spectrometric-methods
#13
Nargis Jamila, Ji Yeon Choi, Joon Ho Hong, Eun Yeong Nho, Naeem Khan, Cheon Ho Jo, Hyang Sook Chun, Kyong Su Kim
Species of genus Garcinia are rich sources of bioactive constituents with antimicrobial, anticancer, anti-inflammatory, hepatoprotective and anti-HIV activities. Commercial products of Garcinia cambogia are used as anti-obesity drugs with increasing market demand. Because of the high price of its products, it can be adulterated with similar lower-priced species. This study was designed to develop and validate an accurate and efficient method for the detection of any adulteration (G. indica) in G. cambogia products...
December 2016: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part A, Chemistry, Analysis, Control, Exposure & Risk Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699399/should-we-screen-for-type-2-diabetes-grand-rounds-discussion-from-beth-israel-deaconess-medical-center
#14
Gerald W Smetana, Martin J Abrahamson, David M Rind
The prevalence of diabetes in the United States is rising. Twelve percent of U.S. adults have diabetes and another 37% have impaired fasting glucose or impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes is a major risk factor for such outcomes as cardiovascular disease, blindness, chronic kidney disease, and limb amputation. An important consideration is whether screening for abnormal glucose levels or diabetes reduces cardiovascular or all-cause morbidity and mortality. In October 2015, the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force published recommendations on screening for abnormal blood glucose and concluded that intensive lifestyle interventions have a moderate benefit in reducing progression to diabetes in patients who have abnormal blood glucose levels detected by screening...
October 4, 2016: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687963/the-iaslc-mesothelioma-staging-project-proposals-for-revisions-of-the-t-descriptors-in-the-forthcoming-eighth-edition-of-the-tnm-classification-for-pleural-mesothelioma
#15
Anna K Nowak, Kari Chansky, David C Rice, Harvey I Pass, Hedy L Kindler, Lynn Shemanski, Andrea Billé, Robert C Rintoul, Hasan F Batirel, Charles F Thomas, Joseph Friedberg, Susana Cedres, Marc de Perrot, Valerie W Rusch
INTRODUCTION: The current T component for malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) has been predominantly informed by surgical data sets and consensus. The International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer undertook revision of the seventh edition of the staging system for MPM with the goal of developing recommendations for the eighth edition. METHODS: Data elements including detailed T descriptors were developed by consensus. Tumor thickness at three pleural levels was also recorded...
December 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635655/atherosclerotic-risk-factors-and-risk-of-myocardial-infarction-and-venous-thromboembolism-time-fixed-versus-time-varying-analyses-the-troms%C3%A3-study
#16
Birgit Småbrekke, Ludvig Balteskard Rinde, Kristian Hindberg, Erin Mathiesen Hald, Anders Vik, Tom Wilsgaard, Maja-Lisa Løchen, Inger Njølstad, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, John-Bjarne Hansen, Sigrid Brækkan
BACKGROUND: Single measurements of modifiable risk factors may underestimate associations with outcomes in cohorts. We aimed to compare risk estimates of myocardial infarction (MI) and venous thromboembolism (VTE) by atherosclerotic risk factors during long follow-up using time-fixed analyses without and with correction for regression dilution and time-varying analyses. METHODS: The study included 5970 subjects enrolled in the fourth survey of the Tromsø Study (1994/95)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596431/optimization-of-polysaccharides-extraction-from-watermelon-rinds-structure-functional-and-biological-activities
#17
Molka Ben Romdhane, Anissa Haddar, Imen Ghazala, Khawla Ben Jeddou, Claire Boisset Helbert, Semia Ellouz-Chaabouni
In the present work, optimization of hot water extraction, structural characteristics, functional properties, and biological activities of polysaccharides extracted from watermelon rinds (WMRP) were investigated. The physicochemical characteristics and the monosaccharide composition of these polysaccharides were then determined using chemical composition analysis, Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). SEM images showed that extracted polysaccharides had a rough surface with many cavities...
February 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577916/tissue-specific-response-of-miscanthus%C3%A3-giganteus-to-dilute-acid-pretreatment-for-enhancing-cellulose-digestibility
#18
Zhe Ji, Xun Zhang, Zhe Ling, Run-Cang Sun, Feng Xu
The recalcitrance in grasses varies according to cell type and tissue. In this study, dilute acid pretreatment was performed on Miscanthus×giganteus internodes that include rind and pith regions which showing heterogeneous structural and chemical changes. Pretreatment on pith effectively hydrolyzed 73.33% hemicelluloses and separated cohesive cell walls from the compound middle lamella due to lignin migration. Lignin droplets with an average diameter of 49.5±29.3nm were concurrently coalesced on wall surface, that in turn exposed more microfibrils deep in walls to be enzymatically hydrolyzed reaching 82...
December 10, 2016: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27558585/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-meratrim-for-weight-management-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-study-in-healthy-overweight-human-subjects
#19
Venkateshwarlu Kudiganti, Raveendra Ramamurthy Kodur, Sushma Raveendra Kodur, Manjunath Halemane, Dheeraj Kumar Deep
BACKGROUND: Meratrim is a blend of two plant extracts obtained from Sphaeranthus indicus flower heads and Garcinia mangostana fruit rinds. Previous studies have demonstrated that Meratrim is effective for weight management in obese individuals. The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy and tolerability of Meratrim in managing body weight in healthy overweight subjects. METHODS: Sixty participants with a mean BMI of 28.3 kg/m(2) were randomized into two groups receiving either 400 mg of Meratrim twice daily or two identical placebo capsules for a period of 16 weeks...
2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516148/in-vitro-permeation-and-biological-activity-of-punicalagin-and-zinc-ii-across-skin-and-mucous-membranes-prone-to-herpes-simplex-virus-infection
#20
David M J Houston, Bethan Robins, Joachim J Bugert, Stephen P Denyer, Charles M Heard
Coadministration of pomegranate rind extract (PRE) and zinc (II) ions has recently been reported as a potential new topical treatment for Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections. In the current work we examined the in vitro topical delivery of punicalagin (major phytochemical of PRE) and zinc from hydrogels across epithelial membranes that can become infected with HSV. Porcine epidermal, buccal and vaginal mucous membranes were excised and mounted in Franz diffusion cells and dosed with a simple hydrogel containing PRE and zinc sulphate (ZnSO4)...
August 8, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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