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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827968/evaluation-of-antioxidant-and-hepatoprotective-activity-of-fruit-rind-extract-of-garcinia-dulcis-roxburgh-kurz
#1
Nabajyoti Gogoi, Ankur Gogoi, Bijoy Neog, Dibyojyoti Baruah, Khumanthem Deepak Singh
BACKGROUND: Garcinia spp. belongs to the family Clusiaceae has been traditionally used for the treatment of many ailments including the liver damage. Garcinia dulcis found in North Eastern region of Assam; India can be a potential candidature to combat different ailments. Objective: The present work has been designed in such a way to appraisal the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of fruit rind extract of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antioxidant activity was investigated through the various in vitro models, namely, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine, 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid, nitrite oxide...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806689/fungal-diversity-of-tomme-d-orchies-cheese-during-the-ripening-process-as-revealed-by-a-metagenomic-study
#2
Alexandre Ceugniez, Bernard Taminiau, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Véronique Delcenserie, Georges Daube, Djamel Drider
Tomme d'Orchies is an artisanal pressed and uncooked cheese produced and marketed in the north of France. This study aimed at showing the fungal microbiota evolution of this cheese using a metagenetic based Illumina technology targeting the ITS2 domain of 5.8S fungal rDNAs. To this end, samples were taken from the rind and the core of different cheeses, after 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days of ripening. The data underpinned the prevalence of Yarrowia lipolytica and Galactomyces geotrichum for both microbiotas. Unusual species including Clavispora lusitaniae, Kazachstania unispora and Cladosporium cladosporioides were also detected, but their origins remain to be ascertained...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800847/heterotrimeric-g-protein-alpha-subunit-controls-growth-stress-response-extracellular-protease-activity-and-cyclopiazonic-acid-production-in-penicillium-camemberti
#3
Ramón O García-Rico, Carlos Gil-Durán, Juan F Rojas-Aedo, Inmaculada Vaca, Luis Figueroa, Gloria Levicán, Renato Chávez
The fungus Penicillium camemberti is widely used in the ripening of various bloomy-rind cheeses. Several properties of P. camemberti are important in cheese ripening, including conidiation, growth and enzyme production, among others. However, the production of mycotoxins such as cyclopiazonic acid during the ripening process by P. camemberti has raised concerns among consumers that demand food with minimal contamination. Here we show that overexpressing an α-subunit from the subgroup I of the heterotrimeric G protein (Gαi) influences several of these processes: it negatively affects growth in a media-dependent manner, triggers conidial germination, reduces the rate of sporulation, affects thermal and osmotic stress resistance, and also extracellular protease and cyclopiazonic acid production...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770506/adsorption-mechanism-of-chromium-iii-using-biosorbents-of-jatropha-curcas-l
#4
Affonso Celso Gonçalves, Herbert Nacke, Daniel Schwantes, Marcelo Angelo Campagnolo, Alisson Junior Miola, César Ricardo Teixeira Tarley, Douglas Cardoso Dragunski, Fabio Antônio Cajamarca Suquila
The removal of Cr(3+) from water solutions by biosorbents from the rind, endosperm, and endosperm + episperm of the Jatropha curcas was evaluated. Adsorption tests were performed in batch systems for evaluating the influence of the solution's pH, adsorbent mass, contact time, initial Cr(3+) concentrations, and solution temperature during the adsorption process. Kinetic, adsorption isotherm, and thermodynamic studies were performed to investigate the mechanisms that control adsorption. Ideal conditions for the adsorption process included pH of the solution of 5...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766146/chemical-properties-of-dissolved-organic-matter-derived-from-sugarcane-rind-and-the-impacts-on-copper-adsorption-onto-red-soil
#5
Sihai Hu, Yaoguo Wu, Na Yi, Shuai Zhang, Yuanjing Zhang, Xu Xin
Dissolved organic matter (DOM), as the most active organic carbon in the soil, has a coherent affinity with heavy metals from inherent and exogenous sources. Although the important roles of DOM in the adsorption of heavy metals in soil have previously been demonstrated, the heterogeneity and variability of the chemical constitution of DOM impede the investigation of its effects on heavy metal adsorption onto soil under natural conditions. Fresh DOM (FDOM) and degraded DOM (DDOM) from sugarcane rind were prepared, and their chemical properties were measured by Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopes, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and molecular weight distribution (MWD)...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758286/sequential-extraction-of-flavonoids-and-pectin-from-yellow-passion-fruit-rind-using-pressurized-solvent-or-ultrasound
#6
Caroline Gondim de Souza, Tigressa Helena Soares Rodrigues, Lorena Mara Alexandre eSilva, Paulo Riceli Vasconcelos Ribeiro, Edy Sousa de Brito
BACKGROUND: Passion fruit rind (PFR) represents 90% of the total fruit weight and is wasted during juice processing. Passion fruit rind is known to contain flavonoids and pectin. An alternative use for this fruit juice industrial residue is to obtain these compounds. This study aimed to verify the influence of pressurized solvent extraction (PSE) or ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) of flavonoid and pectin in a sequential process. RESULTS: The PSE using ethanol at 60:40 (v/v) yielded a total polyphenol content of 4...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755934/fate-of-listeria-innocua-during-production-and-ripening-of-smeared-hard-cheese-made-from-raw-milk
#7
P Hammer, W Bockelmann, W Hoffmann
The fate of 2 different Listeria innocua strains was analyzed during the production and ripening of smeared raw milk Greyerzer cheese (Gruyère). These strains were used as surrogates for the pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes, as they are physiologically very similar. Bacterial cells were added to the cheese milk at levels of 10(5) cfu/mL. During the first 24 h of cheese making, the number of the test strains decreased to a level of below 10(2) cfu/g. Obviously, the cooking temperature of 56°C and the subsequent slight temperature decrease to 50°C within 70 min contributed to a distinct reduction of Listeria counts...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717883/first-postpubertal-male-same-sex-sexual-experience-in-the-national-health-and-social-life-survey-current-functioning-in-relation-to-age-at-time-of-experience-and-partner-age
#8
Bruce Rind
This study used an important data set to examine long-term adjustment and functioning in men, who as adolescents had sexual experiences with men. The data came from the National Health and Social Life Survey, which used a national probability sample (Laumann, Gagnon, Michael, & Michaels, 1994). Three perspectives were considered, which offered different predictions. From the "child sexual abuse" (CSA) paradigm, which dominates clinical, legal, and lay views, expected was robust evidence for poorer adjustment, given that intense harm is assumed to be intrinsic...
July 17, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708030/growth-kinetics-of-listeria-monocytogenes-in-cut-produce
#9
Joelle K Salazar, Surasri N Sahu, Ian M Hildebrandt, Lijie Zhang, Yan Qi, Girvin Liggans, Atin R Datta, Mary Lou Tortorello
Cut produce continues to constitute a significant portion of the fresh fruit and vegetables sold directly to consumers. As such, the safety of these items during storage, handling, and display remains a concern. Cut tomatoes, cut leafy greens, and cut melons, which have been studied in relation to their ability to support pathogen growth, have been specifically identified as needing temperature control for safety. Data are needed on the growth behavior of foodborne pathogens in other types of cut produce items that are commonly offered for retail purchase and are potentially held without temperature control...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669782/the-drosophila-melanogaster-tribbles-pseudokinase-is-necessary-for-proper-memory-formation
#10
Holly LaFerriere, Troy Zars
The tribbles (trbl) pseudokinases play important roles in signaling and physiology in multiple contexts, ranging from innate immunity to cancer, suggesting fundamental cellular functions for the trbls' gene products. Despite expression of the trbl pseudokinases in the nervous systems of invertebrate and vertebrate animals, and evidence that they have a function within mouse and human dopamine neurons, there is no clear case for a function of a Trbl protein that influences behavior. Indeed, the first and only evidence for this type of function comes from Drosophila melanogaster, where a mutation of the single trbl gene was identified in a genetic screen for short-term memory mutant flies...
June 29, 2017: Neurobiology of Learning and Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665969/potentiated-virucidal-activity-of-pomegranate-rind-extract-pre-and-punicalagin-against-herpes-simplex-virus-hsv-when-co-administered-with-zinc-ii-ions-and-antiviral-activity-of-pre-against-hsv-and-aciclovir-resistant-hsv
#11
David M J Houston, Joachim J Bugert, Stephen P Denyer, Charles M Heard
BACKGROUND: There is a clinical need for new therapeutic products against Herpes simplex virus (HSV). The pomegranate, fruit of the tree Punica granatum L, has since ancient times been linked to activity against infection. This work probed the activity of pomegranate rind extract (PRE) and co-administered zinc (II) ions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PRE was used in conjunction with zinc (II) salts to challenge HSV-1 and aciclovir-resistant HSV in terms of virucidal plaque assay reduction and antiviral activities in epithelial Vero host cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644126/extensive-horizontal-gene-transfer-in-cheese-associated-bacteria
#12
Kevin S Bonham, Benjamin E Wolfe, Rachel J Dutton
Acquisition of genes through horizontal gene transfer (HGT) allows microbes to rapidly gain new capabilities and adapt to new or changing environments. Identifying widespread HGT regions within multispecies microbiomes can pinpoint the molecular mechanisms that play key roles in microbiome assembly. We sought to identify horizontally transferred genes within a model microbiome, the cheese rind. Comparing 31 newly sequenced and 134 previously sequenced bacterial isolates from cheese rinds, we identified over 200 putative horizontally transferred genomic regions containing 4733 protein coding genes...
June 23, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636136/capillary-zone-electrophorsis-for-the-analysis-of-naturally-occurring-2-hydroxycitric-acids-and-their-lactones
#13
B L Abhijith, Moolya Mohan, David Joseph, Simimole Haleema, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein, Ibrahim Ibnusaud
A simple capillary zone electrophoresis method with direct ultraviolet detection has been developed for the analysis of naturally occurring diastereomeric 2-hydroxycitric acid lactones. Using 50 mM sodium phosphate buffer of pH 7, a baseline resolution Rs > 3.0 was observed for all organic acids selected for the present study. This method was employed for the quantitative determination of title acids present in the plant sources namely G. cambogia fruit rinds and H. sabdariffa calyx. Conversion of 2-hydroxycitric acids to their lactones on heating above plant sources is deliberated...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627966/further-evidence-of-cucurbit-host-specificity-among-acidovorax-citrulli-groups-based-on-a-detached-melon-fruit-pathogenicity-assay
#14
Lichun Yan, Baishi Hu, Gong Chen, Mei Zhao, Ron R Walcott
Bacterial fruit blotch, caused by the gram-negative bacterium Acidovorax citrulli, is a serious economic threat to cucurbit crop production worldwide. A. citrulli strains can be divided into two genetically distinct groups, with group I strains infecting a range of cucurbit species and group II strains being predominantly associated with watermelon. Group I and II A. citrulli strains differ in their arsenal of type III secreted (T3S) effector proteins and we hypothesize that these effectors are critical for cucurbit host preference...
August 17, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597428/mapping-quantitative-trait-loci-for-fruit-traits-and-powdery-mildew-resistance-in-melon-cucumis-melo
#15
Yu-Hua Wang, Dong-Hong Wu, Jin-Hsing Huang, Shing-Jy Tsao, Kae-Kang Hwu, Hsiao-Feng Lo
BACKGROUND: Fruit characters affect consumer preferences and the market value of melons is determined by fruit quality. Most fruit quality-related traits are controlled by multiple genes, and are influenced by environmental factors. Furthermore, powdery mildew is another limiting factor in melon production. To develop new melon cultivars with disease resistance and high quality fruits using the molecular marker-assisted breeding strategy, identification of quantitative trait loci for fruit quality and disease resistance is required...
December 2016: Botanical Studies (Taipei, Taiwan)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595827/the-ovine-motor-cortex-a-review-of-functional-mapping-and-cytoarchitecture
#16
REVIEW
Sam E John, Timothy J H Lovell, Nicholas L Opie, Stefan Wilson, Theodore C Scordas, Yan T Wong, Gil S Rind, Stephen Ronayne, Sébastien H Bauquier, Clive N May, David B Grayden, Terence J O'Brien, Thomas J Oxley
In recent years, sheep (Ovis aries) have emerged as a useful animal model for neurological research due to their relatively large brain and blood vessel size, their cortical architecture, and their docile temperament. However, the functional anatomy of sheep brain is not as well studied as that of non-human primates, rodents, and felines. For example, while the location of the sheep motor cortex has been known for many years, there have been few studies of the somatotopy of the motor cortex and there were a range of discrepancies across them...
June 16, 2017: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593516/antidepressant-and-anxiolytic-effects-of-garcinia-indica-fruit-rind-via-monoaminergic-pathway
#17
Isha Dhamija, Milind Parle, Sandeep Kumar
Depression and anxiety are the most crippling neuropsychiatric disorders of this modern era. These mostly occur as anxiety followed by depression or in mixed state. Therefore, there is an urgent need of a safe and effective treatment, which proves its worth in this ailment. What else than a conventional food would be a better choice for a convenient therapy. Therefore, Garcinia indica, commonly known as Kokam, fruit rind has been used in the present study to investigate its antidepressant and anti-anxiety potential using forced swim test, tail suspension test, and reserpine-induced hypothermia; and elevated plus maze, hole-board test, and light dark model, respectively...
June 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#18
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552725/the-inhibitory-effect-of-anti-tumor-polysaccharide-from-punica-granatum-on-metastasis
#19
Sheeja Varghese, Manu M Joseph, Aravind S R, Unnikrishnan B S, T T Sreelekha
Galactomannan (PSP001) isolated from the fruit rind of Punica granatum was demonstrated as an excellent antioxidant, immunomodulatory and anticancer agent both in vitro and in vivo models. Since the most lethal and debilitating attribute of cancer cells is their ability to evolve to a state of malignancy, with key features like increased angiogenesis, invasion, migration, colony formation, and metastasis, the present study focused on evaluating the effects of the galactomannan on tumor and malignancy. PSP001 effectively reduced the neovascularization in chick embryos highlighting its potential as an angiogenic inhibitor...
October 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551185/crystallization-and-demineralization-phenomena-in-stabilized-white-mold-cheese
#20
Gil F Tansman, Paul S Kindstedt, John M Hughes
Stabilized white mold cheese is a commercially important variant of traditional white mold cheese (sometimes called bloomy rind cheese) that has an extended shelf life compared with the traditional permutation. The objectives of this observational study were to document mineral element movements and the development of a pH gradient in stabilized white mold cheese, and to use novel crystallographic techniques to identify crystals that form in the rind of this cheese. Cheeses from 3 separate batches were collected from a commercial supplier at d 1, 4, 10, 14, and 18 of aging and analyzed in a randomized block design...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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