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Nazneen Rahman, Haseebur Rahman, Mir Haris, Riaz Mahmood
Thevetia peruviana is a medicinal plant used in the treatment of external wounds, infected area, ring worms, tumours etc. in traditional system of medicine. The aim of the study was to evaluate the wound healing potentials of T. peruviana leaves hexane (LH) and fruit rind (FW) water extracts and to prove the folkloric claims. The antimicrobial, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potentials could be important strategies in defining potent wound healing drug. Based on these approaches the current study was designed using incision, excision and dead space wound models with the biochemical, antioxidant enzymes and inflammatory marker analysis...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
M Meera, A Ruckmani, R Saravanan, R Lakshmipathy Prabhu
The present study was conducted to identify the chemical constituents and evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of crude ethanolic extracts of spine, skin and rind of jack fruit (Artocarpus heterophyllus) peel. Polyphenol and flavonoid contents were assessed using Folin's Ciocalteu reagent and aluminium chloride methods which revealed 316, 355 and 382 mg tannic acid equivalent/g of polyphenol and 96.7, 131.6 and 164.6 mg quercetin equivalent/g of flavonoid in spine, skin and rind, respectively. Anti-inflammatory activity of all three extracts was comparable to diclofenac in vitro and in vivo studies...
October 9, 2017: Natural Product Research
Birgit Småbrekke, Ludvig Balteskard Rinde, Erin Mathiesen Hald, Inger Njølstad, Ellisiv B Mathiesen, Stein Harald Johnsen, John-Bjarne Hansen, Sigrid K Braekkan, Willem M Lijfering
BACKGROUND: Whether a relationship between atherosclerosis and subsequent venous thromboembolism (VTE) exists is controversial. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between carotid atherosclerosis and VTE using repeated measurements of intima media thickness (IMT) and total plaque area (TPA) in participants recruited from the general population. METHODS: Participants were recruited from the fourth (1994-1995), fifth (2001-2002) and sixth (2007-2008) surveys of the Tromsø study...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
Elena Dalzini, Elena Cosciani-Cunico, Paola Monastero, Valentina Bernini, Erasmo Neviani, Alberto Bellio, Lucia Decastelli, Marina-Nadia Losio, Paolo Daminelli, Giorgio Varisco
As reported on RASFF's portal, in the first 9months of 2016, a total of 13 "alerts/information for attention" were issued concerning the presence of Listeria monocytogenes in mould cheeses throughout Europe. This study analyzes the behaviour of L. monocytogenes in Gorgonzola cheese, a typical Italian soft blue-veined cheese, when contaminated at different time points. In the first challenge test, the pasteurized milk was contaminated and the complete cheese manufacture (cheesemaking, ripening) and shelf life was simulated...
December 4, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Buscotin Horax Beakou, Kaoutar El Hassani, Mohammed Amine Houssaini, Mounir Belbahloul, Elhassan Oukani, Abdellah Anouar
The adsorptive removal of Malachite Green (MG) by a novel biochar namely Cassava Rind Carbon (CRC) was studied in a batch system. Moreover, Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology was used to optimize operating conditions of the adsorption process. Characterization was done by Thermo Gravimetric Analysis (TGA), Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infra-Red Spectroscopy (ATR/FTIR), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and pH zero charge point (pHZCP)...
September 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Yanzhen Lu, Nan Wu, Yingtong Fang, Nusrat Shaheen, Yun Wei
Many natural products are rich in antioxidants which play an important role in preventing or postponing a variety of diseases, such as cardiovascular and inflammatory disease, diabetes as well as breast cancer. In this paper, an automatic on-line 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl-high performance liquid chromatography (DPPH-HPLC) method was established for antioxidants screening with nine standards including organic acids (4-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and benzoic acid), alkaloids (coptisine and berberine), and flavonoids (quercitrin, astragalin, and quercetin)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
Abdul Hasib Viyar, Rashad Qadri, Amjad Iqbal, Numra Nisar, Imran Khan, Mohsin Bashir, Farooq Shah
The aim of present study was to evaluate the different pomegranate cultivars for physicochemical properties and to identify the best cultivars suitable for food processing and future breeding. Various attributes of fruit (including length, weight and diameter), rind (thickness and weight), calyx (length), aril (weight, percentage, length and width), seed (length and width) and juice (titratable acidity and soluble solids or TSS) were evaluated. Total and reducing sugar, pH, ascorbic acid, total phenolic contents, antioxidant activity and maturity index were also evaluated...
August 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Nigel C Jones, Matthew Hudson, Joshua Foreman, Gil Rind, Rachel Hill, Elizabeth E Manning, Maarten van den Buuse
Schizophrenia is a complex psychiatric disorder with a heterogeneous aetiology involving genetic and environmental factors. Deficiencies in both brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and NMDA receptor function have been implicated in the disorder, and may play causal and synergistic roles. Perturbations in the regulation of electrophysiological signals, including high-frequency (gamma: 30-80 Hz and beta: 20-30 Hz) neuronal oscillations, are also associated with the disorder. This study investigated the influence of BDNF deficiency and NMDA receptor hypofunction on electrophysiological responses to brief acoustic stimuli...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
Gil F Tansman, Paul S Kindstedt, John M Hughes
This report documents an observational study of a high-moisture washed-rind cheese. Three batches of cheese were sampled on a weekly basis for 6 wk and again at wk 10. Center, under-rind, rind, and smear samples were tested for pH, moisture, and selected mineral elements. Powder x-ray diffractometry and petrographic microscopy were applied to identify and image the crystal phases. The pH of the rind increased by over 2 pH units by wk 10. The pH of the under-rind increased but remained below the rind pH, whereas the center pH decreased for most of aging and only began to rise after wk 5...
November 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Abdelaleim Ismail ElSayed, Axel Lehrer, Mohsen Ebrahim, Azza H Mohamed, Ewald Komor
The expression of sucrose-phosphate synthase II (SPSII) and sucrose transporters ShSUT1A and ShSUT4 were determined by RT-PCR and qRT-PCR in the sink and source leaves and in rind and pith of mature internodes of four high-yielding Hawaiian sugarcane cultivars. Expression of SPSII, ShSUT1A, and ShSUT4 was lower in pith than in rind, except in one cultivar, but else quite similar in the cultivars. The strong expression of transporter ShSUT4 in the rind of the internodes may hint to a special role of ShSUT4 in the rind...
July 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Teresa Napiórkowska, Jarosław Kobak
During ontogenesis, the size of a spider body, tissues and organs increase dramatically. The aim of the study was to estimate changes in the central nervous system of postembryonic stages of Eratigena atrica and compare them with the literature data on species differing in behavioural traits. Allometric analysis involved evaluation of histological slides embedded in paraffin and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. The reduced major axis regression (RMA) was applied to find allometric relationships between the volumes of the particular parts of the body...
August 29, 2017: Arthropod Structure & Development
Yezhi Fu, Amanda J Deering, Arun K Bhunia, Yuan Yao
Biofilms formed by Escherichia coli O157:H7 on cantaloupe rind were characterized in this study. Cantaloupe rind pieces inoculated with E. coli O157:H7 B6-914 was sampled after 2, 12, and 24h incubation for imaging with cryo-scanning electron microscopy (Cryo-SEM) or treating with lauroyl arginate ethyl (LAE) or sodium hypochlorite (SHC). Cryo-SEM images showed that E. coli O157:H7 formed a biofilm within 12h on the rind surface. For rind samples treated with LAE or SHC, the residual cell counts were significantly different (p<0...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Anuradha Chandramohan, Andrew Thrower, Nehal Shah, Faheez Mohamed
OBJECTIVE: To assess the imaging features of peritoneal mesothelioma and identify key anatomical sites that aid patient selection for complete cytoreduction. METHODS: Pre-operative imaging of 59 (32 males, 27 females) patients who underwent cytoreductive surgery with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) for histologically proven peritoneal mesothelioma [36 malignant peritoneal mesothelioma, 23 cystic mesothelioma were reviewed. Imaging findings were correlated with surgical outcome...
November 2017: British Journal of Radiology
Nabajyoti Gogoi, Ankur Gogoi, Bijoy Neog, Dibyojyoti Baruah, Khumanthem Deepak Singh
BACKGROUND: Garcinia spp. belongs to the family Clusiaceae has been traditionally used for the treatment of many ailments including the liver damage. Garcinia dulcis found in North Eastern region of Assam; India can be a potential candidature to combat different ailments. Objective: The present work has been designed in such a way to appraisal the antioxidant and hepatoprotective activity of fruit rind extract of this plant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antioxidant activity was investigated through the various in vitro models, namely, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazine, 2,2'-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid, nitrite oxide...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
Alexandre Ceugniez, Bernard Taminiau, Françoise Coucheney, Philippe Jacques, Véronique Delcenserie, Georges Daube, Djamel Drider
Tomme d'Orchies is an artisanal pressed and uncooked cheese produced and marketed in the north of France. This study aimed at showing the fungal microbiota evolution of this cheese using a metagenetic based Illumina technology targeting the ITS2 domain of 5.8S fungal rDNAs. To this end, samples were taken from the rind and the core of different cheeses, after 0, 1, 3, 7, 14 and 21days of ripening. The data underpinned the prevalence of Yarrowia lipolytica and Galactomyces geotrichum for both microbiotas. Unusual species including Clavispora lusitaniae, Kazachstania unispora and Cladosporium cladosporioides were also detected, but their origins remain to be ascertained...
July 25, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Ramón O García-Rico, Carlos Gil-Durán, Juan F Rojas-Aedo, Inmaculada Vaca, Luis Figueroa, Gloria Levicán, Renato Chávez
The fungus Penicillium camemberti is widely used in the ripening of various bloomy-rind cheeses. Several properties of P. camemberti are important in cheese ripening, including conidiation, growth and enzyme production, among others. However, the production of mycotoxins such as cyclopiazonic acid during the ripening process by P. camemberti has raised concerns among consumers that demand food with minimal contamination. Here we show that overexpressing an α-subunit from the subgroup I of the heterotrimeric G protein (Gαi) influences several of these processes: it negatively affects growth in a media-dependent manner, triggers conidial germination, reduces the rate of sporulation, affects thermal and osmotic stress resistance, and also extracellular protease and cyclopiazonic acid production...
September 2017: Fungal Biology
Affonso Celso Gonçalves, Herbert Nacke, Daniel Schwantes, Marcelo Angelo Campagnolo, Alisson Junior Miola, César Ricardo Teixeira Tarley, Douglas Cardoso Dragunski, Fabio Antônio Cajamarca Suquila
The removal of Cr(3+) from water solutions by biosorbents from the rind, endosperm, and endosperm + episperm of the Jatropha curcas was evaluated. Adsorption tests were performed in batch systems for evaluating the influence of the solution's pH, adsorbent mass, contact time, initial Cr(3+) concentrations, and solution temperature during the adsorption process. Kinetic, adsorption isotherm, and thermodynamic studies were performed to investigate the mechanisms that control adsorption. Ideal conditions for the adsorption process included pH of the solution of 5...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sihai Hu, Yaoguo Wu, Na Yi, Shuai Zhang, Yuanjing Zhang, Xu Xin
Dissolved organic matter (DOM), as the most active organic carbon in the soil, has a coherent affinity with heavy metals from inherent and exogenous sources. Although the important roles of DOM in the adsorption of heavy metals in soil have previously been demonstrated, the heterogeneity and variability of the chemical constitution of DOM impede the investigation of its effects on heavy metal adsorption onto soil under natural conditions. Fresh DOM (FDOM) and degraded DOM (DDOM) from sugarcane rind were prepared, and their chemical properties were measured by Fourier-transform infrared spectrometry (FTIR), excitation-emission matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectroscopes, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), and molecular weight distribution (MWD)...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Caroline G de Souza, Tigressa Hs Rodrigues, Lorena Ma E Silva, Paulo Rv Ribeiro, Edy S de Brito
BACKGROUND: Passion fruit rind (PFR) represents 90% of the total fruit weight and is wasted during juice processing. Passion fruit rind is known to contain flavonoids and pectin. An alternative use for this fruit juice industrial residue is to obtain these compounds. This study aimed to verify the influence of pressurized solvent extraction (PSE) or ultrasound assisted extraction (UAE) of flavonoid and pectin in a sequential process. RESULTS: The PSE using ethanol at 60:40 (v/v) yielded a total polyphenol content of 4...
July 31, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
P Hammer, W Bockelmann, W Hoffmann
The fate of 2 different Listeria innocua strains was analyzed during the production and ripening of smeared raw milk Greyerzer cheese (Gruyère). These strains were used as surrogates for the pathogenic Listeria monocytogenes, as they are physiologically very similar. Bacterial cells were added to the cheese milk at levels of 10(5) cfu/mL. During the first 24 h of cheese making, the number of the test strains decreased to a level of below 10(2) cfu/g. Obviously, the cooking temperature of 56°C and the subsequent slight temperature decrease to 50°C within 70 min contributed to a distinct reduction of Listeria counts...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
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